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DIN 1451
DIN 1451
is a sans-serif typeface that is widely used for traffic, administrative and technical applications.

It was defined by the German standards body DIN - Deutsches Institut für Normung (German Institute for Standardization) in the standard sheet DIN 1451
DIN 1451
-Schriften (typefaces) in 1931. Similar standards existed for stencilled letters.

Originally designed for industrial uses, the first DIN-type fonts were a simplified design that could be applied with limited technical difficulty. Due to the design's legibility and uncomplicated, unadorned design, it has become popular for general purpose use in signage and display adaptations. Many adaptations and expansions of the original design have been released digitally.

CONTENTS

* 1 Overview * 2 History * 3 Releases * 4 Third-party adaptations

* 5 Usage examples

* 5.1 Uses in corporate branding and media

* 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links

OVERVIEW

EARLY DIN-FETTE ENGSCHRIFT SPECIMEN. Fette Engschrift is a single weight of the DIN 1451
DIN 1451
typeface.

The DIN 1451
DIN 1451
typeface family includes both a medium (Mittelschrift) and a condensed (Engschrift) version; an older extended version (Breitschrift) is no longer used since the early 1980s, but may still be encountered on older road signs in Germany. DIN 1451
DIN 1451
is the typeface used on road signage in Germany
Germany
and a number of other countries. It was also used on German car number plates from 1956, until replaced there in January 1995 by FE-Schrift , a typeface especially designed to make the plates more tamper-proof and to optimize automatic character recognition. The typeface has gained popularity due to its wide exposure through its release as a PostScript typeface in 1990. Since then it is also used by non-governmental organisations and businesses. For graphic design and desktop publishing, several type foundries offer redesigned and extended versions of this typeface.

HISTORY

German road sign using both the DIN 1451
DIN 1451
Mittelschrift and Engschrift typefaces

In 1931 the DIN institute published DIN 1451. It contained several standard typefaces for mechanically engraved lettering, hand-lettering, lettering stencils and printing types. These were to be used in the areas of signage, traffic signs, wayfinding, lettering on technical drawings and technical documentation.

The origins of DIN 1451
DIN 1451
Engschrift (Condensed) for hand lettering go back to 1905, when the Königlich Preußische Eisenbahn-Verwaltung ( Royal Prussian Railway Administration ) standardized the lettering to be used on all its rolling stock in a master drawing (pattern drawing) known as Musterzeichnung IV 44. In 1915 the then Prussian-Hessian Railways decided that all lettering on railway platforms and stations had to be executed according to the 1905 master drawing as well. As a by-product of the merger of all German railway companies into Deutsche Reichsbahn in 1920, the Prussian railway typeface had already become a national de facto standard before the DIN Committee of Typefaces took up its work for DIN 1451
DIN 1451
a few years later. The DIN Committee of Typefaces was headed by the Siemens engineer Ludwig Goller (1884–1964), who also led the central standardization office at Siemens max-width:204px"> Signs at the town of Eisingen
Eisingen
in Engschrift, Mittelschrift and Breitschrift.

The design included not only the DIN "Engschrift" but also a DIN "Mittelschrift" (medium width, now very popular. A DIN "Breitschrift" (Extended) design was also included, but it has never been widely used.

In order to enable quick and easy reproduction, all drawings were originally based on a coarse grid and could be executed with compass and rulers. The standard sheet DIN 1451-Schriften (typefaces) was released in 1931 as a pre-norm. With some minor changes DIN 1451
DIN 1451
was officially released as a norm in 1936. In 1938 Temporary Order No. 20 required DIN 1451
DIN 1451
to be used on the new German Autobahn (motorways). This and other similar regulations resulted in DIN 1451
DIN 1451
dominating German public lettering until today. Stencilled and DIN-style lettering on a street sign in Steinlah , a district of Haverlah

In 1923 Stempel was the first type foundry that produced printing types according to a DIN Standard. The design follows DIN 16 , an earlier standard for oblique lettering on technical drawings which had been released in 1919. In 1929, the Berthold type foundry released a similar typeface. DIN 16 had also been made available as lettering templates engraved in celluloid material for drafting use by the company of Filler and Fiebig in Berlin
Berlin
. Stencils for lettering technical drawings to DIN standards

Within the scope of public and technical lettering the use of the DIN 1451 typefaces spread rapidly, once they were adopted. They were released as celluloid lettering stencils for smaller applications, as larger metal stencils for application to machinery, vehicles and airplanes, and as cast metal lettering for street and building signage. Printing types according to DIN 1451
DIN 1451
have never been produced though. During World War II
World War II
DIN 1451
DIN 1451
was also adopted for the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia . The 1943 version of DIN 1451 also included a showing of Cyrillic characters, although their design did not match the weight and proportions of DIN Mittelschrift.

Geometric sans serif lettering and typefaces were very popular in the 1920s and 1930s. At the Bauhaus
Bauhaus
the design of lettering on coarse grids was advocated by Herbert Bayer and Joost Schmidt during the Dessau period. Although being designed in a similar way, the DIN typefaces lacked elegance and did not take advantage from these design trends.

Inspired by the DIN standard, a consortium of Dutch organisations created an equivalent standard lettering, NEN 3225. Created by a group of designers including Jan van Krimpen , the design has no similarity to the DIN standard: it is a humanist family with serif and sans-serif styles. The sans-serif is similar to Gill Sans and Johnston and the serif on the Garalde model.

RELEASES

A sign in an older version of DIN Mittelschrift. Note the different structure of the 'a' and how curved strokes do not thin as they connect, as at the join of the 'h'.

The transferable-lettering-sheet company, Letraset made several variants available in the 1970s. Also the Berthold type foundry adopted the DIN typefaces for their optomechanical phototype setting systems such as Staromat. In 1980 the DIN typefaces were redrawn by Adolf Gropp (1911–1996), a lettering artist from Frankfurt
Frankfurt
. The drawings were made on a finer grid. This enabled an exact definition of details such as the amount of overshoot of round characters (e.g. C, G and O) below the baseline and above the cap height . Also characters such as S for which an accurate construction drawing had never been made were now defined using lines and arcs for the new cutting plotters that were to be used for the lettering on motorway signage. A number of the glyphs were changed, in particular those for "a", "6" and "9" as well as "t" in DIN Engschrift.

By the mid 1980s, Linotype adopted the redrawn DIN typefaces for digital photocomposition. Together with Adobe they released it as DIN Mittelschrift and DIN Engschrift in 1990. Thus the typefaces became part of the Adobe/Linotype PostScript typeface library. The use of DIN typefaces started to appear in the work of cutting edge graphic designers and design studios such as Uwe Loesch in Germany, Tel Design in the Netherlands as well as David Carson and April Greiman in the USA. Soon other leading designers began using DIN Mittelschrift and Engschrift, making it a popular option to other sans serif faces.

THIRD-PARTY ADAPTATIONS

Albert-Jan Pool , author of one of the most famous adaptations of DIN, FF DIN , speaking about the design's history.

With the popularity of the DIN fonts, with their minimal, modern design, several designers and companies have released their own interpretations and adaptations, often adding new weights such as light or extra-bold, and italics, causing a range of digital interpretations to exist.

One of the most famous and best-selling digitisations of DIN is FF DIN (1995), created by Dutch typeface designer Albert-Jan Pool for FontFont
FontFont
. Typographica editor Stephen Coles has particularly praised it for the quality of its hinting for onscreen display. Users include the New York City Ballet , ETH Zurich , The Verge and the film The Wolf of Wall Street . Unlike the original design, it uses conventional weight names.

As the original DIN design is out of copyright, other companies have offered digital releases (or obtained rights to resell Linotype's). Parachute (Latin, Arabic, Cyrillic, Greek), Elsner+Flake, Paratype (with Cyrillic characters) and others have issued revivals of some DIN styles, often upgraded with additional weights. Fontsite renamed its release 'Fette 1451'. Samples of various versions of lettering of DIN and related styles in digital format, mostly by Peter Wiegel.

An extensive set of digitisations is that made by Peter Wiegel with donations requested from users under the OFL . This includes the regular style (Mittelschrift) in two grades for printing with less and more ink spread, and the less well-known Breitschrift. He also digitised the rounded DIN 16 and inclined DIN 17, using the names TGL 0-16 and 0-17, the names under which they were known in the German Democratic Republic .

USAGE EXAMPLES

The pre-1994 German number plate format (DIN-style), no longer issued but sometimes still in use.

USES IN CORPORATE BRANDING AND MEDIA

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* GoPro
GoPro
corporate website * Corporate typeface used by Hella * Logotype of Rovio Entertainment * Logotype of Paramount Channel * Logotype and corporate typeface of Sapient corporation * Logotype of JetBlue Airways * Logo of the video game Half-Life , with the "A" supplanted by the lower case lambda symbol. Its sequel, Half-Life 2 , uses this font in various places as well, including HUD. * Logo of the video game Portal 2 . * Early 2000s (decade) on-screen branding of Channel 4
Channel 4
(British television station) * An adapted version, Habitat DIN, is used by Habitat (retailer) * Corporate branding of The New West End Company (the Business Improvement District company for London
London
's West End ) * Belgian VRT news service (De Redactie) for logo and news broadcasts. * Plone logo * Dutch website DigitaalMedia.nl for logo and the news broadcasts. * Primary font used in Simon Fraser University documents * Font for Nine News for their title * Font for Formula One
Formula One
for their timing graphics from the 2010 season until the end of the 2014 season * Font for the FIA Formula E Championship TV graphics from the 2016–17 season * Used on Test the Nation 's question graphics * Primary font used in York Region Transit * On-air newscasts of most NBC
NBC
owned-and-operated stations (i.e. K NBC
NBC
, WCAU , WRC-TV
WRC-TV
, etc.) from 2009–2011, and again from 2016–present * On-Air typeface for ABC News * On-Air typeface for PBS NewsHour
PBS NewsHour
* Corporate font used by Birmingham City University * Corporate font used by Moen Faucets * Opening titles of Dexter * Font for many license plates throughout Europe, including older German plates, Lithuania
Lithuania
, Latvia
Latvia
, Moldova
Moldova
, Sweden
Sweden
, Romania
Romania
, and older plates of Albania
Albania
. * Used as one of the interface and HUD fonts for the video game Grand Theft Auto IV and its expansion packs. * Musician Steven Wilson has used the font on the artwork of his solo releases Insurgentes and NSRGNTS RMXS , as well as The Incident by his band Porcupine Tree. * Used by Measure of America , a project of the Social Science Research Council * On-air typeface for most stations owned by Sinclair Broadcast Group (primarily their local newscasts) and Ring of Honor
Ring of Honor
. * On-air typeface for stations owned by TEGNA . * Corporate font used by The Mutual Fund Store. * On-air typeface for CBS Sports and TBS Sports from 2016–present. * On-air typeface for C NBC
NBC
's Mad Money
Mad Money
from May 2007 – present. * Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority subway station signage * Corporate font used by Parker Hannifin * Corporate font used by Rochester Regional Health

SEE ALSO

* Public signage typefaces

REFERENCES

* ^ Pool, Albert-Jan (2007). "FF DIN, the history of a contemporary typeface". In Spiekermann, Erik ; Middendorp, Jan. Made with FontFont: type for independent minds (1st ed. ed.). New York: Mark Batty Publisher. pp. 66–73. ISBN 0977985040 . CS1 maint: Extra text (link ) * ^ Pool, Albert-Jan . "FF DIN: Digital Block Letters" (PDF). FontShop. Retrieved 14 December 2016. * ^ Hardwig, Florian; Maier, Thomas. "From Lettering Guides to CNC Plotters — A Brief History of Technical Lettering Tools". Typotheque. Retrieved 19 July 2017. * ^ Berry, John D. (2006). Dot-font: Talking About Fonts (1st ed.). New York: Mark Batty Publisher. pp. 50–51. ISBN 0-9772827-0-8 . * ^ Berry, John. "dot-font: Industrial-Standard Typefaces". Creative Pro. Retrieved 16 July 2016. * ^ Jan Middendorp (2004). Dutch Type. 010 Publishers. pp. 298–9. ISBN 978-90-6450-460-0 . * ^ " Albert-Jan Pool - Können Serifen funktional sein? (German)". YouTube. Typographische Gesellschaft München – tgm. Retrieved 13 February 2017. * ^ Jan-Pool, Albert. "Funktionale Serifen?". Design Made In Germany
Germany
(archived). Archived from the original on 6 February 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2017. * ^ Spiekermann, Erik . "Comments on Typophile thread". Typophile. Archived from the original on April 10, 2009. Retrieved 13 July 2015. * ^ "Can the typefaces we see around us on highway signs be turned into usable fonts for general use? Sometimes". Creativepro.com. Retrieved 2012-10-10. * ^ " FF DIN Round". Issuu.com. 2010-07-28. Retrieved 2012-10-10. * ^ " FF DIN in use :: A FontFont
FontFont
Focus by FontShop". Dinfont.com. Retrieved 2012-10-10. * ^ Coles, Stephen. "Twitter post". Twitter. Retrieved 1 September 2015. * ^ " The Verge Logo and Website". Fonts In Use. 2013-11-19. * ^ "The Wolf of Wall Street movie posters". Fonts In Use. 2014-01-08. * ^ "Communication - Font". ETH Zurich . Retrieved 22 January 2016. Arial and FF DIN Pro are the corporate fonts for ETH Zurich. * ^ "Parachute DIN". MyFonts. Parachute. Retrieved 1 September 2015. * ^ "Fette 1451". Fontsite. Retrieved 1 September 2015. * ^ Wiegel, Peter. "DIN Breitschrift". Retrieved 1 September 2015. * ^ Wiegel, Peter. "Alte DIN 1451". Peter Wiegel. Retrieved 1 September 2015. * ^ Wiegel, Peter. " DIN 1451
DIN 1451
H". Peter Wiegel. Retrieved 1 September 2015. * ^ Wiegel, Peter. "TGL 0-16". Retrieved 1 September 2015. * ^ Wiegel, Peter. "TGL 0-17". Retrieved 1 September 2015.

* The series of articles "The history of the design of a contemporary typeface" in which Albert-Jan Pool published many of his findings on the history of the typefaces of DIN 1451
DIN 1451
is a vault of references on this subject. The series was published in the e-magazine 'Encore', issues 13-15, 17-18. These are direct links to the article which were reprinted in modified form in Made with FontFont
FontFont

* Industrial Archeology – DIN, the first German Corporate Typeface? * The Constructivist Connection – DIN, Bauhaus
Bauhaus
and the New Typography * Siemens sets a Standard – DIN 1451
DIN 1451
on its way up * DIN for All: From the Economic Miracle to Art and Vernacular Typography – FF DIN: New at the Start * How German is the DIN typeface? – Fahren, fahren, fahren at the Autobahn

* * Blackwell, Lewis. 20th Century Type. Yale University Press: 2004. ISBN 0-300-10073-6 . * Friedl, Friedrich, Nicholas Ott and Bernard Stein. Typography: An Encyclopedic Survey of Type Design and Techniques Through History. Black Dog ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Traffic signs

SIGNS

* Warning sign
Warning sign
* Regulatory sign * Prohibitory traffic sign * Mandatory sign * Special
Special
regulation sign * Stop sign
Stop sign
* Yield sign
Yield sign
* Crossbuck * Dead End sign * One-way traffic * Speed limit (by country ) * Advisory speed limit * Information sign * Direction, position, or indication sign * Variable-message sign * Bilingual sign
Bilingual sign
* Driver location signs * Logo sign * Priority to the right

BY COMPARISON

* Comparison of European road signs * Comparison of MUTCD-influenced traffic signs * Comparison of traffic signs in English-speaking countries

BY COUNTRY

* Argentina * Australia * Austria
Austria
* Bosnia and Herzegovina * Botswana * Brazil * Brunei * Cambodia * Canada
Canada
* Chile * China
China
* Colombia * Czech Republic * Estonia * Denmark * Finland * France
France
* Germany
Germany
* Greece * Hong Kong * Iceland * India * Indonesia
Indonesia
* Iran * Ireland * Israel * Italy
Italy
* Japan
Japan
* Laos * Lichtenstein * Malaysia
Malaysia
* Mauritius * Mexico * Nepal * Netherlands * New Zealand * Norway
Norway
* Pakistan * Poland
Poland
* Singapore * South Africa * South Korea * Sri Lanka * Sweden
Sweden
* Switzerland
Switzerland
* Thailand * Turkey * Ukraine

* United Kingdom
United Kingdom

* Scotland * Wales

* United States * Zimbabwe

LIGHTS

* Traffic light
Traffic light
* Traffic-light signalling and operation * Traffic light
Traffic light
control and coordination

TYPEFACES

* Alfabeto Normale (IT ) * Austria
Austria
(AT ) * Caractères (FR ) * Clarendon (US) * Clearview (US / CA / ID / PH ) * DIN 1451
DIN 1451
(DE / SADC ) * Drogowskaz (PL ) * Enigmatic (JP ) * Highway Gothic (Global) * FF Fago (CN / TW ) * Frutiger (Europe) * GOST 10807-78 ( USSR
USSR
) * GOST R 52290-2004 (RU ) * Hangil (KR ) * LLM Lettering (MY ) * Motorway (Europe) * NPS Rawlinson Roadway (US) * Panno (KR ) * SNV (CH ) * Tern (Europe) * Trafikkalfabetet (NO ) * Transport (UK) * Tratex (SE ) * Vialog (JP )

CONVENTIONS

* Geneva Convention on Road Traffic * Vienna Convention on Road Traffic
Vienna Convention on Road Traffic
* Vienna Convention on Road Signs and Signals * Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (US) * SADC Road Traffic Signs Manual (SADC ) * Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions (UK)

* v * t * e

Deutsches Institut für Normung

DIN STANDARDS

* DIN 1025 * DIN 1451 * DIN 1530 * DIN 5008 * DIN 31635 * DIN 41612 * DIN 43700 * DIN 4420 * DIN 47100 * DIN 62056 * DIN 72552 * Engschrift * ISO 216
ISO 216

COMMITTEES

* Municipal Services Standards Committee

CONNECTORS

* DIN connector * Mini- DIN connector * Multimedia extension connector

RAILS

* DIN rail

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