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DC Comics, Inc. is an American comic book
American comic book
publisher. It is the publishing unit of DC Entertainment,[3][4] a subsidiary of Warner Bros. Entertainment, Inc., a division of Time Warner. DC Comics
DC Comics
is one of the largest and oldest American comic book
American comic book
companies, and produces material featuring numerous well-known heroic characters including Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern, The Flash, The Spectre, The Atom, Aquaman, Hawkman, Martian Manhunter, Supergirl, Nightwing, Green Arrow, Static, Starfire, Black Canary, Zatanna
Zatanna
and Cyborg. Most of their material takes place in the fictional DC Universe, which also features teams such as the Justice League, the Justice Society of America, the Suicide Squad, and the Teen Titans, and well-known villains such as The Joker, The Penguin, Lex Luthor, Deadshot, Cheetah, Harley Quinn, Darkseid, Catwoman, Ares, Riddler, Ra's al Ghul, Deathstroke, Bizarro, Scarecrow, Two-Face, General Zod, Bane, Reverse-Flash, Sinestro, Doomsday, Black Adam, and Brainiac. The company has also published non-DC Universe-related material, including Watchmen, V for Vendetta, and many titles under their alternative imprint Vertigo. The initials "DC" came from the company's popular series Detective Comics, which featured Batman's debut and subsequently became part of the company's name.[5] Originally in Manhattan at 432 Fourth Avenue, the DC Comics
DC Comics
offices have been located at 480 and later 575 Lexington Avenue; 909 Third Avenue; 75 Rockefeller Plaza; 666 Fifth Avenue; and 1325 Avenue of the Americas. DC had its headquarters at 1700 Broadway, Midtown Manhattan, New York City, but it was announced in October 2013 that DC Entertainment
DC Entertainment
would relocate its headquarters from New York to Burbank, California
Burbank, California
in April 2015.[6] Random House distributes DC Comics' books to the bookstore market,[7] while Diamond Comic Distributors supplies the comics shop specialty market.[6][8] DC Comics
DC Comics
and its longtime major competitor Marvel Comics (acquired in 2009 by The Walt Disney Company, Time Warner's main competitor) together shared approximately 70% of the American comic book market in 2017.[9]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Origins 1.2 Golden Age 1.3 Silver Age 1.4 Kinney National subsidiary 1.5 The Bronze Age 1.6 Modern Age 1.7 Time Warner
Time Warner
unit (1990–present) 1.8 2000s 1.9 2010s

2 DC Entertainment

2.1 DC Films

3 Logo 4 Imprints

4.1 Active as of 2017 4.2 Defunct 4.3 Licensing partnerships, acquired companies, and studios

5 Films

5.1 Critical and public reception

6 Digital distribution 7 See also 8 Notes 9 Citations 10 Sources 11 External links

History[edit] Origins[edit] Entrepreneur Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson
Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson
founded National Allied Publications in autumn 1934.[1][10][11] The company debuted with the tabloid-sized New Fun: The Big Comic Magazine #1 with a cover date of February 1935.[12][13] The company's second title, New Comics
New Comics
#1 (Dec. 1935), appeared in a size close to what would become comic books' standard during the period fans and historians call the Golden Age of Comic Books, with slightly larger dimensions than today's.[14] That title evolved into Adventure Comics, which continued through issue #503 in 1983, becoming one of the longest-running comic-book series. In 2009 DC revived Adventure Comics
Adventure Comics
with its original numbering.[15] In 1935, Jerry Siegel
Jerry Siegel
and Joe Shuster, the future creators of Superman, created Doctor Occult, who is the earliest DC Comics character to still be in the DC Universe. Wheeler-Nicholson's third and final title, Detective Comics, advertised with a cover illustration dated December 1936, eventually premiered three months late with a March 1937 cover date. The themed anthology series would become a sensation with the introduction of Batman
Batman
in issue #27 (May 1939). By then, however, Wheeler-Nicholson had gone. In 1937, in debt to printing-plant owner and magazine distributor Harry Donenfeld—who also published pulp magazines and operated as a principal in the magazine distributorship Independent News—Wheeler-Nicholson had to take Donenfeld on as a partner in order to publish Detective Comics
Detective Comics
#1. Detective Comics, Inc. was formed, with Wheeler-Nicholson and Jack S. Liebowitz, Donenfeld's accountant, listed as owners. Major Wheeler-Nicholson remained for a year, but cash-flow problems continued, and he was forced out. Shortly afterward, Detective Comics, Inc. purchased the remains of National Allied, also known as Nicholson Publishing, at a bankruptcy auction.[16] Detective Comics, Inc. soon launched a fourth title, Action Comics, the premiere of which introduced Superman. Action Comics
Action Comics
#1 (June 1938), the first comic book to feature the new character archetype—soon known as "superheroes"—proved a sales hit. The company quickly introduced such other popular characters as the Sandman and Batman. On February 22, 2010, a copy of Action Comics
Action Comics
#1 (June 1938) sold at an auction from an anonymous seller to an anonymous buyer for $1 million, besting the $317,000 record for a comic book set by a different copy, in lesser condition, the previous year.[17] Golden Age[edit] Main article: Golden Age of Comic Books National Allied Publications soon merged with Detective Comics, Inc. to form National Comics Publications on September 30, 1946,[18] which absorbed an affiliated concern, Max Gaines' and Liebowitz' All-American Publications. That year, Gaines let Liebowitz buy him out, and kept only Picture Stories from the Bible as the foundation of his own new company, EC Comics. At that point, "Liebowitz promptly orchestrated the merger of All-American and Detective Comics
Detective Comics
into National Comics... Next he took charge of organizing National Comics, [the self-distributorship] Independent News, and their affiliated firms into a single corporate entity, National Periodical Publications".[19] National Periodical Publications became publicly traded on the stock market in 1961.[20][21] Despite the official names "National Comics" and "National Periodical Publications", the company began branding itself as "Superman-DC" as early as 1940, and the company became known colloquially as DC Comics for years before the official adoption of that name in 1977.[22]

Captain Marvel creator C. C. Beck
C. C. Beck
(1910-1989) at the October, 1982 Minneapolis Comic-Con

The company began to move aggressively against what it saw as copyright-violating imitations from other companies, such as Fox Comics' Wonder Man, which (according to court testimony) Fox started as a copy of Superman. This extended to DC suing Fawcett Comics
Fawcett Comics
over Captain Marvel, at the time comics' top-selling character (see National Comics Publications, Inc. v. Fawcett Publications, Inc.). Despite the fact that parallels between Captain Marvel and Superman seemed more tenuous (Captain Marvel's powers came from magic, unlike Superman's), the courts ruled that substantial and deliberate copying of copyrighted material had occurred. Faced with declining sales and the prospect of bankruptcy if it lost, Fawcett capitulated in 1953 and ceased comics publication. Years later, Fawcett sold the rights for Captain Marvel to DC—which in 1972 revived Captain Marvel in the new title Shazam! featuring artwork by his creator, C. C. Beck. In the meantime, the abandoned trademark had been seized by Marvel Comics
Marvel Comics
in 1967, with the creation of their Captain Marvel, forbidding the DC comic itself to be called that. While Captain Marvel did not recapture his old popularity, he later appeared in a Saturday morning live action TV adaptation and gained a prominent place in the mainstream continuity DC calls the DC Universe. When the popularity of superheroes faded in the late 1940s, the company focused on such genres as science fiction, Westerns, humor, and romance. DC also published crime and horror titles, but relatively tame ones, and thus avoided the mid-1950s backlash against such comics. A handful of the most popular superhero-titles, including Action Comics
Action Comics
and Detective Comics, the medium's two longest-running titles, continued publication. Silver Age[edit] Main article: Silver Age of Comic Books In the mid-1950s, editorial director Irwin Donenfeld and publisher Liebowitz directed editor Julius Schwartz (whose roots lay in the science-fiction book market) to produce a one-shot Flash story in the try-out title Showcase. Instead of reviving the old character, Schwartz had writers Robert Kanigher and John Broome, penciler Carmine Infantino, and inker Joe Kubert
Joe Kubert
create an entirely new super-speedster, updating and modernizing the Flash's civilian identity, costume, and origin with a science-fiction bent. The Flash's reimagining in Showcase #4 (October 1956) proved sufficiently popular that it soon led to a similar revamping of the Green Lantern character, the introduction of the modern all-star team Justice League of America (JLA), and many more superheroes, heralding what historians and fans call the Silver Age of comic books. National did not reimagine its continuing characters (primarily Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman), but radically overhauled them. The Superman
Superman
family of titles, under editor Mort Weisinger, introduced such enduring characters as Supergirl, Bizarro, and Brainiac. The Batman
Batman
titles, under editor Jack Schiff, introduced the successful Batwoman, Bat-Girl, Ace the Bat-Hound, and Bat-Mite
Bat-Mite
in an attempt to modernize the strip with non-science-fiction elements. Schwartz, together with artist Infantino, then revitalized Batman
Batman
in what the company promoted as the "New Look", re-emphasizing Batman
Batman
as a detective. Meanwhile, editor Kanigher successfully introduced a whole family of Wonder Woman
Wonder Woman
characters having fantastic adventures in a mythological context. Since the 1940s, when Superman, Batman, and many of the company's other heroes began appearing in stories together, DC's characters inhabited a shared continuity that, decades later, was dubbed the "DC Universe" by fans. With the story "Flash of Two Worlds", in Flash #123 (September 1961), editor Schwartz (with writer Gardner Fox
Gardner Fox
and artists Infantino and Joe Giella) introduced a concept that allowed slotting the 1930s and 1940s Golden Age heroes into this continuity via the explanation that they lived on an other-dimensional "Earth 2", as opposed to the modern heroes' "Earth 1"—in the process creating the foundation for what would later be called the DC Multiverse. DC's introduction of the reimagined superheroes did not go unnoticed by other comics companies. In 1961, with DC's JLA as the specific spur,[n 1] Marvel Comics
Marvel Comics
writer-editor Stan Lee
Stan Lee
and a robust creator Jack Kirby
Jack Kirby
ushered in the sub-Silver Age "Marvel Age" of comics with the debut issue of The Fantastic Four.[23] Reportedly, DC ignored the initial success of Marvel with this editorial change until its consistently strengthening sales made that impossible. However, the senior DC staff were reportedly at a loss at this time to understand how this small publishing house was achieving this increasingly threatening commercial strength. For instance, when Marvel's product was examined in a meeting, Marvel's emphasis on more sophisticated character-based narrative and artist-driven visual storytelling was apparently ignored for self-deluding guesses at the brand's popularity which included superficial reasons like the presence of the color red or word balloons on the cover, or that the perceived crudeness of the interior art was somehow more appealing to readers. When Lee learned about DC's subsequent experimental attempts to imitate these perceived details, he amused himself by arranging direct defiance of those assumptions in Marvel's publications as sales strengthened further to frustrate the competition.[24] However, this ignorance of Marvel's true appeal did not extend to some of the writing talent during this period, from which there were some attempts to emulate Marvel's narrative approach. For instance, there was the Doom Patrol
Doom Patrol
series by Arnold Drake, a superhero team of outsiders who resented their freakish powers,[25] which Drake later speculated was plagiarized by Stan Lee
Stan Lee
to create The X-Men.[26] There was also the young Jim Shooter
Jim Shooter
who purposely emulated Marvel's writing when he wrote for DC after much study of both companies' styles, such as for the Legion of Super-Heroes
Legion of Super-Heroes
feature.[27] A 1966 Batman
Batman
TV show on the ABC network sparked a temporary spike in comic book sales, and a brief fad for superheroes in Saturday morning animation ( Filmation
Filmation
created most of DC's initial cartoons) and other media. DC significantly lightened the tone of many DC comics—particularly Batman
Batman
and Detective Comics—to better complement the "camp" tone of the TV series. This tone coincided with the famous "Go-Go Checks" checkerboard cover-dress which featured a black-and-white checkerboard strip (all DC books cover dated February 1966 until August 1967) at the top of each comic, a misguided attempt by then-managing editor Irwin Donenfeld to make DC's output "stand out on the newsracks".[28] In 1967, Batman
Batman
artist Infantino (who had designed popular Silver Age characters Batgirl and the Phantom Stranger) rose from art director to become DC's editorial director. With the growing popularity of upstart rival Marvel Comics
Marvel Comics
threatening to topple DC from its longtime number-one position in the comics industry, he attempted to infuse the company with more focus towards marketing new and existing titles and characters with more adult sensibilities towards an emerging older age group of superhero comic book fans that grew out of Marvel's efforts to market their superhero line to college-aged adults. He also recruited major talents such as ex-Marvel artist and Spider-Man co-creator Steve Ditko
Steve Ditko
and promising newcomers Neal Adams
Neal Adams
and Denny O'Neil and replaced some existing DC editors with artist-editors, including Joe Kubert
Joe Kubert
and Dick Giordano, to give DC's output a more artistic critical eye. Kinney National subsidiary[edit] In 1967, National Periodical Publications was purchased by Kinney National Company, which later purchased Warner Bros.-Seven Arts
Warner Bros.-Seven Arts
and later became Warner Communications
Warner Communications
in 1972.[29][not in citation given] In 1970, Jack Kirby
Jack Kirby
moved from Marvel Comics
Marvel Comics
to DC, at the end of the Silver Age of Comics, in which Kirby's contributions to Marvel played a large, integral role. Given carte blanche to write and illustrate his own stories, he created a handful of thematically linked series he called collectively The Fourth World. In the existing series Superman's Pal Jimmy Olsen
Superman's Pal Jimmy Olsen
and in his own, newly launched series New Gods, Mister Miracle, and The Forever People, Kirby introduced such enduring characters and concepts as archvillain Darkseid
Darkseid
and the otherdimensional realm Apokolips. While sales were respectable, they did not meet DC management's initially high expectations, and also suffered from a lack of comprehension and internal support from Infantino. By 1973 the "Fourth World" was all cancelled, although Kirby's conceptions would soon become integral to the broadening of the DC Universe. Kirby created other series for DC, including Kamandi, about a teenaged boy in a post-apocalyptic world of anthropomorphic talking animals. The Bronze Age[edit] Main article: Bronze Age of Comic Books Following the science-fiction innovations of the Silver Age, the comics of the 1970s and 1980s would become known as the Bronze Age, as fantasy gave way to more naturalistic and sometimes darker themes. Illegal drug use, banned by the Comics Code Authority, explicitly appeared in comics for the first time in Marvel Comics' The Amazing Spider-Man
Spider-Man
in early 1971, and after the Code's updating in response, DC offered a drug-fueled storyline in writer Dennis O'Neil
Dennis O'Neil
and artist Neal Adams' Green Lantern, beginning with the story "Snowbirds Don't Fly" in the retitled Green Lantern
Green Lantern
/ Green Arrow
Green Arrow
#85 (Sept. 1971), which depicted Speedy, the teen sidekick of superhero archer Green Arrow, as having become a heroin addict. Jenette Kahn, a former children's magazine publisher, replaced Infantino as editorial director in January 1976. DC had attempted to compete with the now-surging Marvel by dramatically increasing its output and attempting to win the market by flooding it. This included launching series featuring such new characters as Firestorm and Shade, the Changing Man, as well as an increasing array of non-superhero titles, in an attempt to recapture the pre-Wertham days of post-War comicdom. In June 1978, five months before the release of the first Superman
Superman
movie, Kahn expanded the line further, increasing the number of titles and story pages, and raising the price from 35 cents to 50 cents. Most series received eight-page back-up features while some had full-length twenty-five page stories. This was a move the company called the "DC Explosion".[30] The move was not successful, however, and corporate parent Warner dramatically cut back on these largely unsuccessful titles, firing many staffers in what industry watchers dubbed "the DC Implosion".[31] In September 1978, the line was dramatically reduced and standard-size books returned to 17 story pages but for a still-increased 40 cents.[32] By 1980, the books returned to 50 cents with a 25-page story count but the story pages replaced house ads in the books. Seeking new ways to boost market share, the new team of publisher Kahn, vice president Paul Levitz, and managing editor Giordano addressed the issue of talent instability. To that end—and following the example of Atlas/Seaboard Comics[33] and such independent companies as Eclipse Comics—DC began to offer royalties in place of the industry-standard work-for-hire agreement in which creators worked for a flat fee and signed away all rights, giving talent a financial incentive tied to the success of their work. In addition, emulating the era's new television form, the miniseries while addressing the matter of an excessive number of ongoing titles fizzling out within a few issues of their start, DC created the industry concept of the comic book limited series. This publishing format allowed for the deliberate creation of finite storylines within a more flexible publishing format that could showcase creations without forcing the talent into unsustainable openended commitments. These changes in policy shaped the future of the medium as a whole, and in the short term allowed DC to entice creators away from rival Marvel, and encourage stability on individual titles. In November 1980 DC launched the ongoing series The New Teen Titans, by writer Marv Wolfman and artist George Pérez, two popular talents with a history of success. Their superhero-team comic, superficially similar to Marvel's ensemble series X-Men, but rooted in DC history, earned significant sales[34] in part due to the stability of the creative team, who both continued with the title for six full years. In addition, Wolfman and Pérez took advantage of the limited-series option to create a spin-off title, Tales of the New Teen Titans, to present origin stories of their original characters without having to break the narrative flow of the main series or oblige them to double their work load with another ongoing title. Modern Age[edit] Main article: Modern Age of Comic Books This successful revitalization of the Silver Age Teen Titans
Teen Titans
led DC's editors[35] to seek the same for the wider DC Universe. The result, the Wolfman/Pérez 12-issue limited series Crisis on Infinite Earths, gave the company an opportunity to realign and jettison some of the characters' complicated backstory and continuity discrepancies. A companion publication, two volumes entitled The History of the DC Universe, set out the revised history of the major DC characters. Crisis featured many key deaths that would shape the DC Universe
DC Universe
for the following decades, and separate the timeline of DC publications into pre- and post-"Crisis". Meanwhile, a parallel update had started in the non-superhero and horror titles. Since early 1984, the work of British writer Alan Moore had revitalized the horror series The Saga of the Swamp Thing, and soon numerous British writers, including Neil Gaiman
Neil Gaiman
and Grant Morrison, began freelancing for the company. The resulting influx of sophisticated horror-fantasy material led to DC in 1993 establishing the Vertigo mature-readers imprint, which did not subscribe to the Comics Code Authority.[36] Two DC limited series, Batman: The Dark Knight Returns by Frank Miller and Watchmen
Watchmen
by Moore and artist Dave Gibbons, drew attention in the mainstream press for their dark psychological complexity and promotion of the antihero.[37] These titles helped pave the way for comics to be more widely accepted in literary-criticism circles and to make inroads into the book industry, with collected editions of these series as commercially successful trade paperbacks.[citation needed] The mid-1980s also saw the end of many long-running DC war comics, including series that had been in print since the 1960s. These titles, all with over 100 issues, included Sgt. Rock, G.I. Combat, The Unknown Soldier, and Weird War Tales. Time Warner
Time Warner
unit (1990–present)[edit] In March 1989, Warner Communications
Warner Communications
merged with Time Inc., making DC Comics a subsidiary of Time Warner. In June, the first Tim Burton directed Batman
Batman
movie was released, and DC began publishing its hardcover series of DC Archive Editions, collections of many of their early, key comics series, featuring rare and expensive stories unseen by many modern fans. Restoration for many of the Archive Editions was handled by Rick Keene with colour restoration by DC's long-time resident colourist, Bob LeRose. These collections attempted to retroactively credit many of the writers and artists who had worked without much recognition for DC during the early period of comics, when individual credits were few and far between. The comics industry experienced a brief boom in the early 1990s, thanks to a combination of speculative purchasing (mass purchase of the books as collectible items, with intent to resell at a higher value as the rising value of older issues was thought to imply that all comics would rise dramatically in price) and several storylines which gained attention from the mainstream media. DC's extended storylines in which Superman
Superman
was killed, Batman
Batman
was crippled and superhero Green Lantern
Green Lantern
turned into the supervillain Parallax resulted in dramatically increased sales, but the increases were as temporary as the hero's replacements. Sales dropped off as the industry went into a major slump, while manufactured "collectibles" numbering in the millions replaced quality with quantity until fans and speculators alike deserted the medium in droves. DC's Piranha Press and other imprints (including the mature readers line Vertigo, and Helix, a short-lived science fiction imprint) were introduced to facilitate compartmentalized diversification and allow for specialized marketing of individual product lines. They increased the use of non-traditional contractual arrangements, including the dramatic rise of creator-owned projects, leading to a significant increase in critically lauded work (much of it for Vertigo) and the licensing of material from other companies. DC also increased publication of book-store friendly formats, including trade paperback collections of individual serial comics, as well as original graphic novels. One of the other imprints was Impact Comics
Impact Comics
from 1991 to 1992 in which the Archie Comics superheroes were licensed and revamped.[38][39] The stories in the line were part of its own shared universe.[40] DC entered into a publishing agreement with Milestone Media
Milestone Media
that gave DC a line of comics featuring a culturally and racially diverse range of superhero characters. Although the Milestone line ceased publication after a few years, it yielded the popular animated series Static Shock. DC established Paradox Press to publish material such as the large-format Big Book
Book
of... series of multi-artist interpretations on individual themes, and such crime fiction as the graphic novel Road to Perdition. In 1998, DC purchased Wildstorm Comics, Jim Lee's imprint under the Image Comics
Image Comics
banner, continuing it for many years as a wholly separate imprint – and fictional universe – with its own style and audience. As part of this purchase, DC also began to publish titles under the fledgling WildStorm sub-imprint America's Best Comics (ABC), a series of titles created by Alan Moore, including The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, Tom Strong, and Promethea. Moore strongly contested this situation, and DC eventually stopped publishing ABC. 2000s[edit] In March 2003 DC acquired publishing and merchandising rights to the long-running fantasy series Elfquest, previously self-published by creators Wendy and Richard Pini
Wendy and Richard Pini
under their WaRP Graphics
WaRP Graphics
publication banner. This series then followed another non-DC title, Tower Comics' series T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents, in collection into DC Archive Editions. In 2004 DC temporarily acquired the North American publishing rights to graphic novels from European publishers 2000 AD and Humanoids. It also rebranded its younger-audience titles with the mascot Johnny DC, and established the CMX imprint to reprint translated manga. In 2006, CMX took over from Dark Horse Comics
Dark Horse Comics
publication of the webcomic Megatokyo
Megatokyo
in print form. DC also took advantage of the demise of Kitchen Sink Press and acquired the rights to much of the work of Will Eisner, such as his The Spirit
The Spirit
series and his graphic novels. In 2004, DC began laying the groundwork for a full continuity-reshuffling sequel to Crisis on Infinite Earths, promising substantial changes to the DC Universe
DC Universe
(and side-stepping the 1994 Zero Hour event which similarly tried to ret-con the history of the DCU). In 2005, the critically lauded Batman
Batman
Begins film was released; also, the company published several limited series establishing increasingly escalated conflicts among DC's heroes, with events climaxing in the Infinite Crisis
Infinite Crisis
limited series. Immediately after this event, DC's ongoing series jumped forward a full year in their in-story continuity, as DC launched a weekly series, 52, to gradually fill in the missing time. Concurrently, DC lost the copyright to "Superboy" (while retaining the trademark) when the heirs of Jerry Siegel used a provision of the 1976 revision to the copyright law to regain ownership. In 2005, DC launched its "All-Star" line (evoking the title of the 1940s publication), designed to feature some of the company's best-known characters in stories that eschewed the long and convoluted continuity of the DC Universe. The line began with All-Star Batman & Robin the Boy Wonder and All-Star Superman, with All Star Wonder Woman and All Star Batgirl announced in 2006 but neither being released nor scheduled as of the end of 2009.[41] DC licensed characters from the Archie Comics imprint Red Circle Comics by 2007.[42] They appeared in the Red Circle line, based in the DC Universe, with a series of one-shots followed by a miniseries that lead into two ongoing titles, each lasting 10 issues.[40][43] 2010s[edit] In 2011, DC rebooted all of its running titles following the Flashpoint story line. The reboot, called The New 52, gave new origin stories and costume designs to many of DC's characters. In 2014, DC announced an eight-issue miniseries titled "Convergence" which began in April 2015.[44][45][46][47] On October 22, 2016, AT&T reached a deal to buy Time Warner
Time Warner
for $108.7 billion. If approved by federal regulators, the merger would bring Time Warner's properties, including DC Comics, under the same umbrella as AT&T's telecommunication holdings, including satellite provider DirecTV. DC Entertainment[edit]

DC Entertainment

Type

Subsidiary

Industry Entertainment

Founded September 2009

Products Film Television Video Games

Owner Time Warner

Parent Warner Bros.

Divisions DC Comics DC Films MAD Vertigo

Website www.dcentertainment.com

In September 2009, Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
announced that DC Comics
DC Comics
would become a subsidiary of DC Entertainment, Inc., with Diane Nelson, President of Warner Premiere, becoming president of the newly formed holding company and DC Comics
DC Comics
President and Publisher
Publisher
Paul Levitz
Paul Levitz
moving to the position of Contributing Editor and Overall Consultant there.[48] On February 18, 2010, DC Entertainment
DC Entertainment
named Jim Lee
Jim Lee
and Dan DiDio
Dan DiDio
as Co-Publishers of DC Comics, Geoff Johns
Geoff Johns
as Chief Creative Officer, John Rood as EVP (Executive Vice President) of Sales, Marketing and Business Development, and Patrick Caldon as EVP of Finance and Administration.[49][50] DC licensed pulp characters including Doc Savage
Doc Savage
and the Spirit which it then used, along with some DC heroes, as part of the First Wave comics line launched in 2010 and lasting through fall 2011.[51][52][53] In May 2011, DC announced it would begin releasing digital versions of their comics on the same day as paper versions.[54] On June 1, 2011, DC announced that it would end all ongoing series set in the DC Universe
DC Universe
in August and relaunch its comic line with 52 issue #1s, starting with Justice League
Justice League
on August 31 (written by Geoff Johns and drawn by Jim Lee), with the rest to follow later on in September.[55][56] On June 4, 2013, DC unveiled two new digital comic innovations to enhance interactivity: DC2 and DC2 Multiverse. DC2 layers dynamic artwork onto digital comic panels, adding a new level of dimension to digital storytelling, while DC2 Multiverse allows readers to determine a specific story outcome by selecting individual characters, storylines and plot developments while reading the comic, meaning one digital comic has multiple outcomes. DC2 will first appear in the upcoming digital-first title, Batman
Batman
'66, based on the 1960s television series and DC2 Multiverse will first appear in Batman: Arkham Origins, a digital-first title based on the video game of the same name.[57] In October 2013, DC Entertainment
DC Entertainment
(DCE) announced that the DC Comics offices would be moved from New York City
New York City
to Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Burbank, California, headquarters in 2015. The other DCE units – animation, movie, TV and portfolio planning – had preceded DC Comics
DC Comics
by moving there in 2010.[58] DC Films[edit] Main article: DC Films

DC Films
DC Films
logo.

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Pictures reorganized in May 2016 to have genre responsible film executives, thus DC Entertainment
DC Entertainment
franchise films under Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
were placed under a newly created division, DC Films, created under Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
executive vice president Jon Berg and DC chief content officer Geoff Johns. This was done in the same vein as Marvel Studios
Marvel Studios
in unifying DC-related filmmaking under a single vision and clarifying the greenlighting process. Johns also kept his existing role at DC Comics.[59] Logo[edit]

1977–2005 logo, known as the "DC Bullet".

1987 test logo.

2005–2012 logo.

2012–2016 logo.

DC's first logo appeared on the April 1940 issues of its titles. The letters "DC" stood for Detective Comics, the name of Batman's flagship title. The small logo, with no background, read simply, "A DC Publication". The November 1941 DC titles introduced an updated logo. This version was almost twice the size of the previous one, and was the first version with a white background. The name "Superman" was added to "A DC Publication", effectively acknowledging both Superman
Superman
and Batman. This logo was the first to occupy the top-left corner of the cover, where the logo has usually resided since. The company now referred to itself in its advertising as "Superman-DC". In November 1949, the logo was modified to incorporate the company's formal name, National Comics Publications. This logo would also serve as the round body of Johnny DC, DC's mascot in the 1960s. In October 1970, DC briefly retired the circular logo in favor of a simple "DC" in a rectangle with the name of the title, or the star of the book; the logo on many issues of Action Comics, for example, read "DC Superman". An image of the lead character either appeared above or below the rectangle. For books that did not have a single star, such as anthologies like House of Mystery
House of Mystery
or team series such as Justice League of America, the title and "DC" appeared in a stylized logo, such as a bat for "House of Mystery". This use of characters as logos helped to establish the likenesses as trademarks, and was similar to Marvel's contemporaneous use of characters as part of its cover branding. DC's "100 Page Super-Spectacular" titles and later 100-page and "Giant" issues published from 1972 to 1974 featured a logo exclusive to these editions: the letters "DC" in a simple sans-serif typeface within a circle. A variant had the letters in a square. The July 1972 DC titles featured a new circular logo. The letters "DC" were rendered in a block-like typeface that would remain through later logo revisions until 2005. The title of the book usually appeared inside the circle, either above or below the letters. In December 1973, this logo was modified with the addition of the words "The Line of DC Super-Stars" and the star motif that would continue in later logos. This logo was placed in the top center of the cover from August 1975 to October 1976. When Jenette Kahn
Jenette Kahn
became DC's publisher in late 1976, she commissioned graphic designer Milton Glaser
Milton Glaser
to design a new logo. Popularly referred to as the "DC bullet", this logo premiered on the February 1977 titles. Although it varied in size and color and was at times cropped by the edges of the cover, or briefly rotated 4 degrees, it remained essentially unchanged for nearly three decades. Despite logo changes since 2005, the old "DC bullet" continues to be used only on the DC Archive Editions
DC Archive Editions
series. In July 1987, DC released variant editions of Justice League
Justice League
#3 and The Fury of Firestorm #61 with a new DC logo. It featured a picture of Superman
Superman
in a circle surrounded by the words "SUPERMAN COMICS". The company released these variants to newsstands in certain markets as a marketing test.[60] On May 8, 2005, a new logo (dubbed the "DC spin") was unveiled, debuting on DC titles in June 2005 with DC Special: The Return of Donna Troy
Donna Troy
#1 and the rest of the titles the following week. In addition to comics, it was designed for DC properties in other media, which was used for movies since Batman
Batman
Begins, with Superman
Superman
Returns showing the logo's normal variant, and the TV series Smallville, the animated series Justice League
Justice League
Unlimited and others, as well as for collectibles and other merchandise. The logo was designed by Josh Beatman of Brainchild Studios[61] and DC executive Richard Bruning.[62] In March 2012, DC unveiled a new logo consisting of the letter “D” flipping back to reveal the letter “C” and "DC ENTERTAINMENT".[63] The Dark Knight Rises
The Dark Knight Rises
was the first film to use the new logo, while the TV series Arrow was the first series to feature the new logo. DC Entertainment
DC Entertainment
announced a new identity and logo for another iconic DC Comics
DC Comics
universe brand on May 17, 2016. The new logo was first used on May 25, 2016, in conjunction with the release of DC Universe: Rebirth Special
Special
#1 by Geoff Johns.[64] Imprints[edit] Active as of 2017[edit]

DC (1937–present)

Young Animal (2016–present) Wildstorm (1999–2010, 2017–present) Milestone Media
Milestone Media
(1993–1997, 2018-present)

Vertigo (1993–present)[4] Mad (1953–present)

Defunct[edit]

All Star (2005–2008) Amalgam Comics (1996–1997; jointly with Marvel Comics) DC Focus (2004–2005; merged with main DC line) Elseworlds (1989–2004) First Wave (2010–2011; licensed from Condé Nast Publications
Condé Nast Publications
and Will Eisner
Will Eisner
Library) Helix (1996–1998; merged with Vertigo) Impact Comics
Impact Comics
(1991–1993; licensed from Archie Comics) Johnny DC (2004–2012) Minx (2007–2008) Paradox Press (1998–2003) Piranha Press (1989–1993; renamed Paradox Press) Tangent Comics (1997–1998) WildStorm Productions (1999–2010)

America's Best Comics (1999–2005) Cliffhanger (1999–2004; merged to form WildStorm Signature) CMX Manga
Manga
(2004–2010) Homage Comics (1999–2004; merged to form WildStorm Signature) WildStorm Signature (2004–2006; merged with main WildStorm line)

Zuda Comics
Zuda Comics
(2007–2010)

Licensing partnerships, acquired companies, and studios[edit]

2000 AD (some properties licensed 1994 to 1996 and 2004 to 2005) 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
(some properties licensed from 1966 to 1968) All-American Publications
All-American Publications
(merged 1944) Archie Comics (superhero properties licensed 1991 to 1993 as part of Impact Comics, properties licensed again in 2008 to 2011)[65][66] Bad Robot Productions
Bad Robot Productions
(some properties licensed 2008 to 2010) Charlton Comics
Charlton Comics
(some properties acquired 1983) Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
(some properties licensed 1945 to 1968) Condé Nast Publications
Condé Nast Publications
(some properties licensed 1973 to 1975, 1986 to 1990, and 2010 to 2011) Edgar Rice Burroughs
Edgar Rice Burroughs
(some properties licensed 1972 to 1977) Epic Games
Epic Games
(some properties licensed 2008 to present) Fawcett Comics
Fawcett Comics
(some properties licensed 1972, acquired 1991)[67] Filmation
Filmation
(some properties licensed 1976 to 1978) Flex Comix (made investment in 2007; jointly owned with other companies) Hanna-Barbera
Hanna-Barbera
(merged 1996) Harmony Gold USA (some properties licensed 2002 to 2006) Kenner
Kenner
(some properties licensed 1985 to 1987) Humanoids Publishing
Publishing
(distribution rights for English-language reproductions in America 2004 to 2005) King Features Syndicate
King Features Syndicate
(some properties licensed 1988 to 1990) Larry Harmon Pictures (some properties licensed 1972) Lego
Lego
(some properties licensed 2001 to 2008, 2010 to present) Leisure Concepts/ Ideal Toy Corp.
Ideal Toy Corp.
(some properties licensed 1968 to 1969) Mad Magazine (legally owned by EC Publications, but assigned to DC's corporate control in 1994. Both companies are part of Warner Bros. Entertainment)[68] Martin Manulis Productions (some properties licensed 1960 to 1964) Mattel
Mattel
(some properties licensed 1982 to 1983 and 2012 to present)[69] May Company (some properties licensed 1950 to 1961) Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(some properties licensed 1975) Milestone Media
Milestone Media
(partnered in 2009) NBC
NBC
(some properties licensed 1947 to 1960 and 2006 to 2010) Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
(some properties licensed 1949 to 1971, 1984 to 1996, and 2000 to 2001) Quality Comics
Quality Comics
(some properties licensed 1956, later acquired) Revell
Revell
(some properties licensed 1983 to 1984) Ruby-Spears (some properties licensed 1987, some properties acquired 1996) Tatsunoko Production
Tatsunoko Production
(some properties licensed 1999) Tower Comics (some properties licensed 2002 to 2012) TSR, Inc.
TSR, Inc.
(some properties licensed 1988 to 1991) Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
(merged 1969) WaRP Graphics
WaRP Graphics
(properties licensed from 2003 to 2007) WildStorm Productions (properties acquired 1999) Will Eisner
Will Eisner
Library (some properties licensed 2000 to 2012)

Films[edit] See also: List of films based on DC Comics

Year Film Directed by Written by Based on Production by Budget Gross

2005 Batman
Batman
Begins Christopher Nolan Story by David S. Goyer Screenplay by Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
and David S. Goyer Batman by Bob Kane
Bob Kane
with Bill Finger Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Legendary Pictures
Legendary Pictures
/ Patalex III Productions / Syncopy $150 million $374.2 million

2006 Superman
Superman
Returns Bryan Singer Story by Bryan Singer, Michael Dougherty
Michael Dougherty
and Dan Harris Screenplay by Michael Dougherty
Michael Dougherty
and Dan Harris Superman by Jerry Siegel
Jerry Siegel
and Joe Shuster Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Legendary Pictures
Legendary Pictures
/ Bad Hat Harry Productions
Bad Hat Harry Productions
/ Peters Entertainment $204 million $391.1 million

2008 The Dark Knight Christopher Nolan Story by Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
and David S. Goyer Screenplay by Jonathan Nolan
Jonathan Nolan
and Christopher Nolan Batman by Bob Kane
Bob Kane
with Bill Finger Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Legendary Pictures
Legendary Pictures
/ Syncopy $185 million $1.005 billion

2009 Watchmen Zack Snyder David Hayter
David Hayter
and Alex Tse Watchmen by Alan Moore
Alan Moore
and Dave Gibbons Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
/ Legendary Pictures
Legendary Pictures
/ Lawrence Gordon Productions $130 million $185.3 million

2010 Jonah Hex Jimmy Hayward Story by Neveldine/Taylor and William Farmer Screenplay by Neveldine/Taylor Jonah Hex by John Albano and Tony Dezuniga Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Legendary Pictures
Legendary Pictures
/ Weed Road Pictures $47 million $10.9 million

2011 Green Lantern Martin Campbell Story by Greg Berlanti, Michael Green and Marc Guggenheim Screenplay by Greg Berlanti, Michael Green, Marc Guggenheim
Marc Guggenheim
and Michael Goldenberg Green Lantern by John Broome and Gil Kane Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ De Line Pictures $200 million $219.9 million

2012 The Dark Knight Rises Christopher Nolan Story by Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
and David S. Goyer Screenplay by Jonathan Nolan
Jonathan Nolan
and Christopher Nolan Batman by Bob Kane
Bob Kane
with Bill Finger Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Legendary Pictures
Legendary Pictures
/ Syncopy $230 million $1.085 billion

2013 Man of Steel Zack Snyder Story by Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
and David S. Goyer Screenplay by David S. Goyer Superman by Jerry Siegel
Jerry Siegel
and Joe Shuster Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Legendary Pictures
Legendary Pictures
/ Syncopy $225 million $668 million

2016 Batman
Batman
v Superman: Dawn of Justice Zack Snyder Chris Terrio and David S. Goyer Batman by Bob Kane
Bob Kane
with Bill Finger Superman by Jerry Siegel
Jerry Siegel
and Joe Shuster Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ RatPac Entertainment
Entertainment
/ Atlas Entertainment
Entertainment
/ Cruel and Unusual Films $250 million $873.3 million

Suicide Squad David Ayer Suicide Squad by John Ostrander Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ RatPac Entertainment
Entertainment
/ Atlas Entertainment $175 million $745.6 million[70]

2017 The Lego
Lego
Batman
Batman
Movie Chris McKay Story by Seth Grahame-Smith Screenplay by Seth Grahame-Smith, Chris McKenna & Erik Sommers, Jared Stern & John Whittington Batman by Bob Kane
Bob Kane
with Bill Finger Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ LEGO System A/S / Warner Animation Group
Warner Animation Group
/ RatPac Entertainment
Entertainment
/ Lin Pictures / Lord Miller Productions / Vertigo Entertainment $80 million[71] $310.7 million[72]

Wonder Woman Patty Jenkins Story by Zack Snyder
Zack Snyder
& Allan Heinberg
Allan Heinberg
and Jason Fuchs Screenplay by Allan Heinberg Wonder Woman by William Moulton Marston Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ RatPac Entertainment
Entertainment
/ Atlas Entertainment
Entertainment
/ Cruel and Unusual Films $149 million[73] $821.6 million[74]

Justice League Zack Snyder Story by Chris Terrio & Zack Snyder Screenplay by Chris Terrio and Joss Whedon Justice League by Gardner Fox Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ RatPac Entertainment
Entertainment
/ Atlas Entertainment
Entertainment
/ Cruel and Unusual Films $300 million $656 million[75]

Upcoming films Status

2018 Teen Titans
Teen Titans
Go! To the Movies Aaron Horvath & Peter Rida Michail

Screenplay by Aaron Horvath & Michael Jelenic Teen Titans by Bob Haney
Bob Haney
and Bruno Premiani Characters by Glen Murakami Teen Titans
Teen Titans
Go! by Aaron Horvath and Michael Jelenic

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ RatPac Entertainment
Entertainment
/ Warner Animation Group
Warner Animation Group
/ Cartoon Network N/A Filming

Aquaman James Wan Story by James Wan
James Wan
and Geoff Johns Screenplay by Will Beall Aquaman
Aquaman
by Mort Weisinger
Mort Weisinger
and Paul Norris Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ RatPac Entertainment
Entertainment
/ The Safran Company $160 Million[76] Post-production

Critical and public reception[edit]

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic CinemaScore

Batman
Batman
Begins 84% (268 reviews)[77] 70 (41 reviews)[78] 2 !A

Superman
Superman
Returns 76% (258 reviews)[79] 72 (40 reviews)[80] 4 !B+

The Dark Knight 94% (317 reviews)[81] 82 (39 reviews)[82] 2 !A

Watchmen 65% (294 reviews)[83] 56 (39 reviews)[84] 5 !B

Jonah Hex 12% (145 reviews)[85] 33 (32 reviews)[86] 7 !C+

Green Lantern 26% (226 reviews)[87] 39 (39 reviews)[88] 5 !B

The Dark Knight Rises 87% (333 reviews)[89] 78 (45 reviews)[90] 2 !A

Man of Steel 55% (300 reviews)[91] 55 (47 reviews)[92] 3 !A-

Batman
Batman
v Superman: Dawn of Justice 27% (353 reviews)[93] 44 (51 reviews)[94] 5 !B

Suicide Squad 25% (310 reviews)[95] 40 (53 reviews)[96] 4 !B+

The Lego
Lego
Batman
Batman
Movie 90% (247 reviews)[97] 75 (48 reviews)[98] 3 !A-

Wonder Woman 92% (296 reviews)[99] 76 (36 reviews)[100] 2 !A

Justice League 41% (293 reviews)[101] 45 (52 reviews)[102] 2 !B+

Average 59.5% 58 4 !B+

List indicator(s)

A dark grey cell indicates information is not available for the film.

Digital distribution[edit] DC Comics
DC Comics
are available in digital form through several sources. Free Services: In 2015, Hoopla Digital became the first library-based digital system to distribute DC Comics.[103] Paid Services: Google Play, Comixology[104] See also[edit]

Comics portal New York City
New York City
portal Companies portal

Book: DC Comics

Batman
Batman
Day (September 17) DC Cosmic Cards DC Direct List of comics characters which originated in other media List of current DC Comics
DC Comics
publications List of films based on DC Comics List of television series based on DC Comics List of video games based on DC Comics Publication history of DC Comics
DC Comics
crossover events

Notes[edit]

^ Apocryphal legend has it that in 1961, either Jack Liebowitz
Jack Liebowitz
or Irwin Donenfeld of DC Comics
DC Comics
(then known as National Periodical Publications) bragged about DC's success with the Justice League (which had debuted in The Brave and the Bold #28 [February 1960] before going on to its own title) to publisher Martin Goodman (whose holdings included the nascent Marvel Comics) during a game of golf.

However, film producer and comics historian Michael Uslan
Michael Uslan
partly debunked the story in a letter published in Alter Ego #43 (December 2004), pp. 43–44

Irwin said he never played golf with Goodman, so the story is untrue. I heard this story more than a couple of times while sitting in the lunchroom at DC's 909 Third Avenue and 75 Rockefeller Plaza office as Sol Harrison and [production chief] Jack Adler
Jack Adler
were schmoozing with some of us ... who worked for DC during our college summers ... [T]he way I heard the story from Sol was that Goodman was playing with one of the heads of Independent News, not DC Comics (though DC owned Independent News) ... As the distributor of DC Comics, this man certainly knew all the sales figures and was in the best position to tell this tidbit to Goodman. ... Of course, Goodman would want to be playing golf with this fellow and be in his good graces ... Sol worked closely with Independent News' top management over the decades and would have gotten this story straight from the horse's mouth.

Goodman, a publishing trend-follower aware of the JLA's strong sales, confirmably directed his comics editor, Stan Lee, to create a comic-book series about a team of superheroes. According to Lee in Origins of Marvel Comics
Marvel Comics
(Simon and Schuster/Fireside Books, 1974), p. 16: "Martin mentioned that he had noticed one of the titles published by National Comics seemed to be selling better than most. It was a book called The [sic] Justice League
Justice League
of America and it was composed of a team of superheroes. ... ' If the Justice League
Justice League
is selling ', spoke he, 'why don't we put out a comic book that features a team of superheroes?'"

Citations[edit]

^ a b Marx, Barry, Cavalieri, Joey and Hill, Thomas (w), Petruccio, Steven (a), Marx, Barry (ed). "Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson
Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson
DC Founded" Fifty Who Made DC Great: 5 (1985), DC Comics ^ Johnston, Rich (July 26, 2016). "Scoop: Geoff Johns
Geoff Johns
Is Now President As Well As Chief Creative Officer Of DC Entertainment". Bleeding Cool.  ^ Melrose, Kevin (October 10, 2009). " DC Entertainment
DC Entertainment
– what we know so far". Comic Book
Book
Resources. Retrieved September 11, 2009.  ^ a b http://www.dccomics.com/blog/2017/05/05/dc-entertainment-expands-editorial-leadership-team ^ "Official Site". Dccomics.com. April 21, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2010.  ^ a b DC Comics
DC Comics
Inc. Hoovers. Retrieved October 18, 2008. ^ [1] ^ [2] ^ Miller, John. "2017 Comic Book
Book
Sales to Comics Shops". Comichron. Retrieved 23 January 2018. Share of Overall Units—Marvel 38.30%, DC 33.93%; Share of Overall Dollars—Marvel 36.36%, DC 30.07%  ^ Goulart, Ron (1986). Ron Goulart's Great History of Comics Books. Contemporary Press. p. 55. ISBN 0-8092-5045-4.  ^ Benton, Mike (1989). The Comic Book
Book
in America: An Illustrated History. Dallas, Texas: Taylor Publishing. pp. 17–18. ISBN 978-0-87833-659-3.  ^ New Fun
New Fun
#1 (Feb. 1935) at the Grand Comics Database. The entry notes that while the logo appears to be simply Fun, the indicia reads, "New FUN is published monthly at 49 West 45th Street, New York, N.Y., by National Allied Publications, Inc.; Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson, President ... Inquiries concerning advertising should be addressed to the Advertising Manager, New FUN,...." ^ DC Comics
DC Comics
Silver Age chronology ^ New Comics
New Comics
at the Grand Comics Database ^ Adventure Comics
Adventure Comics
(DC, 2009 series) at the Grand Comics Database ^ Jones 2004, p. 125 ^ "Superman's debut sells for $1M at auction". Associated Press via Crain's New York Business. February 22, 2010. Archived from the original on February 23, 2010.  ^ In a 1947–1948 lawsuit field by Jerry Siegel
Jerry Siegel
and Joe Shuster against National, the presiding judge noted in a findings of facts on April 12, 1948: "DETECTIVE COMICS, INC. was a corporation duly organized and existing under the laws of the State of New York, and was one of the constituent corporations consolidated on September 30, 1946 into defendant NATIONAL COMICS PUBLICATIONS, INC." ^ Jones 2004, p. 223 ^ "' Superman
Superman
Faces New Hurdles: Publishers of Comic Books Showing Decline". The New York Times. September 23, 1962. It was just a year ago that some rather surprising news was announced to the world about a venerable American institution. The announcement said that Superman had gone public.  ^ Maggie Thompson, Michael Dean, Brent Frankenhoff, Joyce Greenholdt, John Jackson Miller (editors), Comics Buyer's Guide 1996 Annual, Krause Publications, 1995, p. 81: "Beginning as National Allied Publications in 1935 [sic] and becoming National Allied Newspaper Syndicate the next year, it changed to National Comic [sic] Publications in 1946 and National Periodical Publications in 1961..." ^ DC Comics, Inc. at Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved December 18, 2010. ^ Integrative Arts 10: "The Silver Age" by Jamie Coville. Retrieved June 11, 2008. ^ Tucker, Reed (2017). Slugfest: Inside the Epic, 50-year Battle between Marvel and DC. Da Capo Press. pp. 11–13.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Eury, Michael (July 2013). "The Doom Patrol
Doom Patrol
Interviews: Editor's Note". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (65): 37.  ^ Epstein, Daniel Robert (2005-11-11). "Talking to Arnold Drake". Newsarama. Archived from the original on 2007-10-11. Retrieved 2009-05-15.  ^ Irving, Christopher (July 20, 2012). "Jim Shooter's Secret Origin, in his Own Words – Part One". Graphic NYC. ^ "Irwin Donenfeld, R.I.P." by Mark Evanier, December 1, 2004 Archived May 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved June 11, 2008. ^ "DC Comics". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. November 17, 2011. Retrieved August 10, 2012.  ^ Kahn, Jenette. "Publishorial: Onward and Upward", DC Comics cover-dated September 1978. ^ "The DC Implosion", The Comics Journal #41 (August 1978), pp. 5–7. ^ "Post-Implosion Fill-In Fallout", The Comics Journal #43 (December 1978), p. 13. ^ Steranko, Jim (February 1975). "Mediascene". Mediascene (11). p. ?. Atlas/Seaboard publisher Martin Goodman's David and Goliath strategy is insidiously simple and outrageous—possibly even considered dirty tactics by the competition—[and consists of] such [things] as higher page rates, artwork returned to the artist, rights to the creation of an original character, and a certain amount of professional courtesy.  ^ MacDonald, Heidi D. "DC's Titanic Success", The Comics Journal #76 (October 1982), pp. 46–51. ^ [3] ^ [4] ^ [5] ^ Arrant, Chris (April 29, 2009). "Completing the Red Circle: Talking to JMS". Newsarama. Retrieved August 15, 2011.  ^ Markstein, Don. "Archie (MLJ) Comics". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on April 13, 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2013.  ^ a b "JMS Circles the DC Universe
DC Universe
in Red". Comic Book
Book
Resources. March 26, 2009 ^ Brady, Matt (August 21, 2006). "Adam Hughes on His New Exclusive & All Star Wonder Woman". Newsarama.com. Archived from the original on August 30, 2006.  ^ Renaud, Jeffrey (October 30, 2008). "JMS Gets Brave & Bold with Archie Gang". ComicBookResources.com.  ^ "20 Answers and 1 Question With Dan DiDio: Holiday Surprise". Newsarama.com. December 24, 2008.  ^ "DC's Band-Aid Event? It's Not Blood Moon. It's Called Convergence". Bleeding Cool. October 28, 2014.  ^ "New villain, old tales part of DC's 'Convergence'". USA Today. November 3, 2014.  ^ "FIRST LOOK: The Complete Convergence". DC Comics. November 6, 2014.  ^ "DC's CONVERGENCE Week One: Donna Troy, Oracle, Married Superman, Montoya Question, More". Newsarama.com. November 11, 2014.  ^ Newsarama: Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Creates DC ENTERTAINMENT To Maximize DC Brands. Retrieved on September 9, 2009. ^ "Dc Universe: The Source » Blog Archive » For Immediate Release: Dc Entertainment
Entertainment
Names Executive Team". Dcu.blog.dccomics.com. February 18, 2010. Archived from the original on February 21, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2010.  ^ "DC Names DiDio & Lee Co-Publisher, Johns Chief Creative Officer". Comic Book
Book
Resources. February 18, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2010.  ^ Rogers, Vaneta (3 March 2010). "Brian Azzarello Gets Ready to Break DC's First Wave". Newsarama. Retrieved September 26, 2010.  ^ Johnston, Rich (February 23, 2011). "First Wave Crashes – DC To Cancel Line". Bleeding Cool. Retrieved May 22, 2013.  ^ Bondurant, Tom (May 19, 2011). "Grumpy Old Fan Growing the garden: DC's May solicits". Comic Book
Book
Resources. Retrieved May 22, 2013.  ^ Hyde, David. " DC Comics
DC Comics
Announces Historic Renumber of All Superhero Titles and Landmark Day-and-Date Digital Distribution". DC Comics Blog. DC Comics. Retrieved May 31, 2011.  ^ Truitt, Brian (May 31, 2011). " DC Comics
DC Comics
unleashes a new universe of superhero titles". USA Today. Retrieved June 5, 2011.  ^ Richards, Ron (June 6, 2011). "The Definitive Guide to the DC Comics Reboot". iFanboy.com. Archived from the original on June 19, 2011. Retrieved June 22, 2011.  ^ Official Press – DC Entertainment
DC Entertainment
(June 4, 2013). "DC Entertainment
Entertainment
Brings Digital Comics To The Net Level With New DC2 and DC2 Multiverse Innovations". Retrieved June 4, 2013.  ^ "Warner's DC comic-book unit leaving Gotham". The San Diego Union Tribune. October 29, 2013.  ^ "' Batman
Batman
v. Superman' Fallout: Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Shakes Up Executive Roles". The Hollywood Reporter. May 17, 2016. Retrieved May 18, 2016.  ^ Rozakis, Bob. "Conspiracy? Icons? And More?". Silver Bullet Comic Books. Archived from the original on August 20, 2006.  ^ DC Comics
DC Comics
Brand History by Brainchild Studios. Retrieved July 29, 2008. ^ Newsarama
Newsarama
article: " Richard Bruning on designing a new DC logo", May 11, 2005 Archived December 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved July 29, 2008. ^ Khouri, Andy (January 19, 2012). "NEW INTERACTIVE DC COMICS LOGOS TO BE DEPLOYED IN MARCH". Comics Alliance. Archived from the original on December 30, 2013. Retrieved December 29, 2013.  ^ " DC Entertainment
DC Entertainment
Introduces New Identity For DC Brand" (Press release). DC Entertainment. May 17, 2016. Retrieved May 17, 2016.  ^ Newsarama
Newsarama
article: "SDCC '08 – DCU: A Guide to Your Universe Panel", July 26, 2008. Retrieved July 29, 2008. ^ Melrose, Kevin (July 20, 2011). "DiDio tackles questions online in 'virtual convention panel'". Robot 6. Comic Book
Book
Resources. Retrieved January 14, 2012.  ^ Pasko, Martin (2008). DC Vault: A Museum-in-a- Book
Book
with Rare Collectibles from the DC Universe. Running Press. ISBN 0-7624-3257-8.  ^ "About DC Entertainment". Dccomics.com. Retrieved August 10, 2012.  ^ "EXCLUSIVE! DC Comics
DC Comics
Launches Brand New 'He-Man and the Masters of The Universe' Comic From Writer James Robinson". Geek-news.mtv.com. April 6, 2012. Archived from the original on November 20, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2012.  ^ " Suicide Squad
Suicide Squad
grossed $700 million".  ^ "The Lego
Lego
Batman
Batman
Movie (2017)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 11 February 2017.  ^ "The Lego
Lego
Batman
Batman
Movie (2017)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 11, 2017.  ^ " Wonder Woman
Wonder Woman
(2017)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 1 June 2017.  ^ " Wonder Woman
Wonder Woman
(2017)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 3 June 2017.  ^ " Justice League
Justice League
(2017)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 5 December 2017.  ^ " Aquaman
Aquaman
Budget And Filming Location Revealed". comicbook.com. Retrieved 7 November 2017.  ^ " Batman
Batman
Begins". Rotten Tomatoes. June 15, 2005. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ " Batman
Batman
Begins". Metacritic. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ " Superman
Superman
Returns". Rotten Tomatoes. June 28, 2006. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ " Superman
Superman
Returns". Metacritic. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "The Dark Knight". Rotten Tomatoes. July 18, 2008. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "The Dark Knight". Metacritic. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "Watchmen". Rotten Tomatoes. March 6, 2009. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "Watchmen". Metacritic. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "Jonah Hex". Rotten Tomatoes. June 18, 2010. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "Jonah Hex". Metacritic. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "Green Lantern". Rotten Tomatoes. June 17, 2011. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "Green Lantern". Metacritic. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "The Dark Knight Rises". Rotten Tomatoes. July 20, 2012. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "The Dark Knight Rises". Metacritic. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "Man of Steel". Rotten Tomatoes. June 14, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "Man of Steel". Metacritic. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ " Batman
Batman
v Superman: Dawn of Justice". Rotten Tomatoes. March 19, 2016. Retrieved March 26, 2016.  ^ " Batman
Batman
v Superman: Dawn of Justice". Metacritic. Retrieved March 26, 2016.  ^ "Suicide Squad". Rotten Tomatoes. August 1, 2016. Retrieved August 5, 2016.  ^ "Suicide Squad". Metacritic. Retrieved August 5, 2016.  ^ "The Lego
Lego
Batman
Batman
Movie". Rotten Tomatoes. January 29, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.  ^ "The Lego
Lego
Batman
Batman
Movie". Metacritic. Retrieved February 8, 2017.  ^ "Wonder Woman". Rotten Tomatoes. January 29, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.  ^ "Wonder Woman". Metacritic. Retrieved February 8, 2017.  ^ "Justice League". Rotten Tomatoes.  ^ "Justice League". Metacritic.  ^ "Public library app Hoopla adds DC comics to its lineup". Engadget. Retrieved 2017-04-20.  ^ " DC Comics
DC Comics
and Vertigo graphic novels arrive on Google Play, Sandman and all". Engadget. Retrieved 2017-04-20. 

Sources[edit]

Goulart, Ron (1986). Ron Goulart's Great History of Comics Books. Chicago: Contemporary Press. ISBN 0-8092-5045-4.  Jones, Gerard (2004). Men of Tomorrow: Geeks, Gangsters, and the Birth of the Comic Book. Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-03657-0. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to DC Comics.

Look up Appendix: DC Comics
DC Comics
in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Official website DC Comics' channel on YouTube DC Comics
DC Comics
at the Grand Comics Database DC Comics
DC Comics
at the Big Cartoon DataBase DC Comics
DC Comics
at the Comic Book
Book
DB Mike's Amazing World of DC Comics DC Comics
DC Comics
Database at Wikia.com DC Comics
DC Comics
in French : Urban Comics

v t e

Comic book publishers in North America

Active (major)

Archie Comics Boom! Studios Dark Horse Comics DC Comics Dynamite Entertainment IDW Publishing Image Comics Marvel Comics Oni Press Valiant Comics

Active (minor)

Aardvark-Vanaheim AC Comics Action Lab Comics AfterShock Comics AiT/Planet Lar Alias Enterprises Alternative Comics Another Rainbow Publishing Antarctic Press Arcade Comics Arcana Studio Archaia Entertainment Aspen MLT Avatar Press Azteca Productions Beyond Comics Black Mask Studios Blue Juice Comics Bongo Comics Group Caliber Comics Class Comics Conundrum Press Creative Impulse Entertainment Darby Pop Publishing Devil's Due Publishing Drawn and Quarterly Eureka Productions Fantagraphics Books First Second Books Hermes Press Kodansha USA Last Gasp Legendary Comics Lion Forge Comics Mad Cave Studios Milestone Media Mirage Studios NBM Publishing Northwest Press Papercutz Platinum Studios Radical Comics Radio Comix Rip Off Press Seven Seas Entertainment Shadowline Sirius Entertainment Slave Labor Graphics TidalWave Productions Tokyopop Top Cow Productions Udon Entertainment Vertical Viper Comics Viz Media WaRP Graphics Yen Press Zenescope Entertainment

Former

Aircel Comics All-American Publications Amalgam Comics American Comics Group Atlas Comics Atlas/Seaboard Comics Awesome Comics Blackthorne Publishing Broadway Comics Catalan Communications Centaur Publications Chaos! Comics Charlton Comics Harry "A" Chesler Comico ComicsOne Continuity Comics Crestwood Publications CrossGen Defiant Comics Dell Comics Del Rey Manga Disney Comics EC Comics Eclipse Comics Eternity Comics FantaCo Enterprises Fawcett Comics Fiction House First Comics Fox Feature Syndicate Gladstone Publishing Gemstone Publishing Gilberton Gold Key Comics Harvey Comics Highwater Books Holyoke Publishing Hyperwerks Innovation Publishing Kitchen Sink Press Mainline Publications Malibu Comics Millennium Publications Nedor Publishing NOW Comics Pacific Comics Print Mint Quality Comics Renegade Press Revolutionary Comics Skywald Publications Standard Comics Timely Comics Topps Comics Tundra Publishing Vortex Comics Warren Publishing

v t e

Warner Bros.

Founders

Jack L. Warner Harry Warner Albert Warner Sam Warner

Executives

Kevin Tsujihara (Chairman and CEO)

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Pictures Group

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Pictures Warner Animation Group New Line Cinema Castle Rock Entertainment Flagship Entertainment
Entertainment
(joint venture with CMC)

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Television Group

Alloy Entertainment Telepictures WB Animation Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Television Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
International Television Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
International Television Production (WB TV Productions UK (Shed Productions) Eyeworks)

Broadcast TV

Terrestrial TV

The CW
The CW
(co-owned with CBS)

Cable TV

Warner TV
Warner TV
(with HBO Latin America Group
HBO Latin America Group
and HBO Asia) WB Channel (with Turner International India)

Warner Bros. Interactive

Avalanche Software Monolith Productions NetherRealm Studios Portkey Games Rocksteady Studios TT Games

TT Games
TT Games
Publishing TT Fusion Traveller's Tales TT Animation Playdemic

Turbine WB Games Montréal WB Games New York WB Games San Francisco

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Digital Networks

DramaFever Machinima, Inc. Warner Archive Instant

DC Entertainment

DC Films DC Comics

Mad Vertigo

Home video

Warner Home Video Warner Archive Collection

Public attractions

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Studio Tours

Miscellaneous assets

Turner Entertainment
Entertainment
Co. Hanna-Barbera WaterTower Music Fandango (30%)

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DC Comics
DC Comics
imprints

Imprints

DC Archive Editions Earth One Johnny DC Mad Books Vertigo WildStorm Young Animal

Former imprints

All Star DC Comics Amalgam Comics* CMX DC Focus Elseworlds Helix Impact Comics Minx Paradox Press Piranha Press Tangent Comics Zuda Comics

WildStorm imprints

America's Best Comics Cliffhanger Homage Comics

Acquired companies

All-American Publications Flex Comix* Mad Quality Comics

*Owned jointly with other companies.

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DC Comics
DC Comics
war titles

Titles

All–Out War Blackhawks Blitzkrieg G.I. Combat Men of War Our Army at War Our Fighting Forces Star Spangled War Stories The War that Time Forgot Weird War Tales

Characters

Blackhawk Boy Commandos Creature Commandos Easy Company Enemy Ace G.I. Robot Gravedigger Haunted Tank Hop Harrigan The Losers Mademoiselle Marie Sgt. Rock Unknown Soldier

Editors

Murray Boltinoff Archie Goodwin Robert Kanigher Joe Kubert

v t e

DC Comics
DC Comics
crossover event publication history

1980s

"Crisis on Infinite Earths" (April 1985) "Legends" (November 1986) "Millennium" (January 1988) "Invasion!" (January 1989) "The Janus Directive" (May 1989)

1990s

"Armageddon 2001" (May 1991) "War of the Gods" (September 1991) "Eclipso: The Darkness Within" (July 1992) "The Death of Superman" (October 1992) "Knightfall" (April 1993) "Trinity" (August 1993) "Bloodlines" (1993) "Worlds Collide" (July 1994) "End of an Era" (August 1994) "Zero Hour: Crisis in Time" (September 1994) "Underworld Unleashed" (November 1995) "Batman: Contagion" (March 1996) "DC vs. Marvel" (April 1996) "Batman: Legacy" (August 1996) "The Final Night" (November 1996) "Genesis" (October 1997) "Batman: Cataclysm" (March 1998) "DC One Million" (November 1998) "Batman: No Man's Land" (March 1999) "Day of Judgment" (November 1999) "JLApe: Gorilla Warfare!" (1999)

2000s

"Our Worlds at War" (August 2001) "Joker: Last Laugh" (December 2001) "Bruce Wayne: Fugitive" (March 2002) "JLA/Avengers" (September 2003) "Identity Crisis" (June 2004) "Infinite Crisis" (December 2005) "Amazons Attack!" (March 2007) " Sinestro
Sinestro
Corps War" (August 2007) "Final Crisis" (July 2008) "Blackest Night" (June 2009)

2010s

"Brightest Day" (May 2010) "Reign of Doomsday" (January 2011) "Flashpoint" (May 2011) "The Culling" (November 2011) "Night of the Owls" (April 2012) "Death of the Family" (October 2012) "H'El on Earth" (October 2012) "Throne of Atlantis" (November 2012) "Batman: Zero Year" (June 2013) "Trinity War" (July 2013) "Forever Evil" (September 2013)

"Blight"

"Convergence" (April 2015) "The Button" (April 2017) "Dark Nights: Metal" (June 2017) "Doomsday Clock" (November 2017)

v t e

Golden Age of Comic Books

All-American Comics

The Atom
The Atom
(Al Pratt) Black Canary Doctor Mid-Nite Doiby Dickles The Flash (Jay Garrick) The Gay Ghost Green Lantern
Green Lantern
(Alan Scott) Hawkgirl Hawkman Hop Harrigan The King Justice Society of America Mister Terrific (Terry Sloane) Johnny Thunder Red Tornado (Ma Hunkel) Sargon the Sorcerer Ultra-Man The Whip Wildcat Wonder Woman

Archie Comics

The Black Hood Captain Flag The Comet The Firefly The Fox The Shield The Web The Wizard

Centaur Comics

Airman Amazing-Man The Arrow The Clock The Eye The Fantom of the Fair The Masked Marvel Minimidget

National Allied

Air Wave Aquaman Batman Crimson Avenger Dan the Dyna-Mite Doctor Fate Doctor Occult Genius Jones Green Arrow Guardian Hourman Johnny Quick (Johnny Chambers) Liberty Belle Manhunter Merry, the Girl of 1000 Gimmicks Mister America Robin

Dick Grayson

Robotman Sandman Sandy the Golden Boy Shining Knight The Spectre Speedy (Roy Harper) Star-Spangled Kid Starman (Ted Knight) Stripesy Superboy (Kal-El) Superman Tarantula TNT Vigilante Wing Zatara Seven Soldiers of Victory

Fawcett Comics

Bulletgirl Bulletman Captain Marvel Captain Marvel Jr. Captain Midnight The Golden Arrow Ibis the Invincible Lieutenant Marvels Mary Marvel Master Man Minute-Man Mr. Scarlet Phantom Eagle Pinky the Whiz Kid Spy Smasher

Fox Comics

Black Fury Blue Beetle The Bouncer Bronze Man Dynamo The Flame Green Mask Samson Spider Queen Stardust the Super Wizard U.S. Jones V-Man Wonder Man

Nedor Comics

American Crusader American Eagle Black Terror Captain Future Cavalier Doc Strange Fighting Yank The Ghost Grim Reaper Judy of the Jungle Lance Lewis, Space Detective Liberator The Magnet Miss Masque Princess Pantha Pyroman The Scarab The Woman in Red

Quality Comics

#711 The Black Condor Blackhawk Blue Tracer Bozo the Iron Man Captain Triumph The Clock Doll Girl Doll Man Firebrand The Human Bomb The Invisible Hood The Jester Kid Eternity Lady Luck Madame Fatal Magno The Manhunter Merlin the Magician Midnight Miss America Mouthpiece Neon the Unknown Phantom Lady Plastic Man Quicksilver The Ray Red Bee Red Torpedo The Spider Spider Widow Uncle Sam Wildfire Wonder Boy

Timely Comics

American Ace The Angel Black Marvel The Black Widow The Blazing Skull The Blonde Phantom The Blue Diamond Breeze Barton Bucky

Bucky Barnes

Captain America Citizen V The Destroyer Dynamic Man Father Time Ferret Fin Golden Girl The Human Torch Jack Frost Laughing Mask Marvel Boy Miss America Mercury Namor Namora The Patriot Red Raven Sun Girl Toro Thin Man Thunderer Venus The Vision The Whizzer

Misc.

Bell Features

Johnny Canuck Nelvana of the Northern Lights The Brain

Cardal Publishing

Streamline

Columbia Comics

The Face Skyman

Crestwood Publications

Atomic-Man Black Owl Green Lama

David McKay Publications

Vulcan

Dell Comics

Owl

Dynamic Publications

Dynamic Man Yankee Girl

EC Comics

Moon Girl

Elliot Publishing
Publishing
Company

Kismet, Man of Fate

Eastern Color Printing

Hydroman

Frew Publications

The Phantom Mandrake the Magician

Harvey Comics

Black Cat Captain Freedom Shock Gibson Spirit of '76

Holyoke Publishing

Cat-Man and Kitten Miss Victory

Lev Gleason Publications

Captain Battle Crimebuster Daredevil Silver Streak

Maple Leaf Publishing

Iron Man Brok Windsor

Novelty Press

Target Comics

Target and the Targeteers

Blue Bolt Dick Cole, The Wonder Boy Twister

Rural Home Publications

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