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The Dalcassians
Dalcassians
(Irish: Dál gCais
Dál gCais
[d̪ˠaːlˠ gaʃ]) were a Gaelic Irish tribe, generally accepted by contemporary scholarship as being a branch of the Déisi
Déisi
Muman, that became a powerful group in Ireland during the 10th century. Their genealogies claimed descent from Cormac Cas, who is said to have lived in the 3rd century AD. Their known ancestors are the subject of The Expulsion of the Déisi tale and one branch of their blood-line went on to rule the petty kingdom of Dyfed in Wales during the 4th century; probably in alliance with Roman emperor, Magnus Maximus. Brian Bóruma
Brian Bóruma
is perhaps the best known king from the dynasty and was responsible to a significant degree for carving out their fortunes. The family had built a powerbase on the banks of the River Shannon
River Shannon
and Brian's brother Mahon became their first King of Munster, taking the throne from the rival Eóganachta. This influence was greatly extended under Brian who became High King of Ireland, following a series of conflicts with Norse and other Irish tribes, before dying famously at the Battle of Clontarf
Battle of Clontarf
in 1014. Following this the Dál gCais
Dál gCais
provided three more High Kings of Ireland; Donagh O'Brien, Turlough O'Brien and Murtagh O'Brien; but lost out to the longer established dynasties. From the 12th–16th centuries, the Dál gCais
Dál gCais
contented themselves with being reduced to the Kingdom of Thomond. They attempted to claim the Kingdom of Desmond
Kingdom of Desmond
for a time, but ultimately the MacCarthys held it. The Kennedys also held the Kingdom of Ormond
Kingdom of Ormond
for a time. Some of the better known septs included O'Brien, MacNamara, O'Grady, Kennedy, MacMahon, McInerney, and Clancy. During the 13th century Richard Strongbow's relatives the Norman de Clares attempted to take Thomond, but the Dál gCais
Dál gCais
held firm. It wasn't until the 16th century, unable to be defeated militarily, they agreed to surrender and regrant their kingdom to Henry VIII Tudor, joining the nobility of the Kingdom of Ireland. Their realm was renamed County Clare, though they remained influential. In later times, remarkable figures include writer Standish James O'Grady, who is called "Father of the Celtic Revival" and William Smith O'Brien
William Smith O'Brien
who played a leading part in the Young Irelander Rebellion of 1848. In diaspora, prominent figures have included Marshal Patrice de Mac-Mahon, President of France,[2][3] as well as John F. Kennedy[4] and Ronald Reagan,[5] who were both Presidents of the United States.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Origins, Déisi Muman
Déisi Muman
vs. Deirgtine 1.2 Ascent to the High Kingship of Ireland

2 Dynastic divisions

2.1 Septs and kindreds 2.2 Titles and social roles 2.3 Chieftainship

3 Annalistic references 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References

6.1 Footnotes 6.2 Bibliography

7 External links

History[edit] Origins, Déisi Muman
Déisi Muman
vs. Deirgtine[edit] In their own genealogies, the Dál gCais
Dál gCais
traced their line back to their eponymous ancestor and progenitor Cormac Cas, who is said to have lived in the 2nd to 3rd century. They make him a second son of Ailill Aulom from the Deirgtine, a King of Munster
King of Munster
and Leath Moga more generally, associated in a story with the goddess Áine of the Tuatha Dé Danann during the Cycles of the Kings of Irish mythology. Cormac Cas himself was purported to be the younger brother of Eógan, founder of the Eóganachta, who would go on to rule Munster
Munster
for many centuries. While this was taken on face value for a long time, later Irish scholars came to question its validity, regarding it as a politically motivated fabrication. The Dál gCais
Dál gCais
were becoming powerful in the 10th century, with Mahon and his brother Brian Bóruma taking the throne in Munster
Munster
from the Eóganachta; claiming ancient kinship with their rivals would have boosted their legitimacy.

Aerial view of the River Shannon, the area where the Dál gCais
Dál gCais
grew in power.

It is claimed by current scholarship that the Dál gCais
Dál gCais
were instead a branch of the Déisi
Déisi
Muman.[6][7] The Déisi Muman
Déisi Muman
held a vassal kingship in Munster
Munster
under the Eóganachta, significant in scope, consisting of what is today Waterford
Waterford
and its environs. As time went on branches also emerged around the River Shannon, as part of the Déisi Muman
Déisi Muman
moved north-westerly between the 5th and early 8th century; they were called the Déisi
Déisi
Deiscirt and the Déisi Tuisceart. It is from later, more northerly branch, which the Dál gCais are said to ultimately find their true ancestors.[6] The first recorded mention of their adoption of the new name Dál gCais specifically is in the Annals of Inisfallen
Annals of Inisfallen
for the year 934, which records the death of their king Rebachán mac Mothlai. The Déisi Muman
Déisi Muman
themselves are subject of The Expulsion of the Déisi epic in the Cycles of the Kings, which is set during the time that Cormac Ulfada was High King of Ireland. The story describes the expulsion of the Dal Fiachrach Suighe; kinsmen of the Connachta
Connachta
and descendants of Fedlimid Rechtmar; from Tara, coming to settle in Munster
Munster
after many battles. Upon becoming the Déisi
Déisi
Muman, one branch then sailed across to Britain in the 4th century, coming to rule Dyfed. Their presence in Britain may have been initially supported by Magnus Maximus, Roman Emperor, as part of a policy of backing Gaelic vassals to be seafaring defenders of the shores of Britain facing the Irish Sea
Irish Sea
from pirates.[8] Eoin MacNeill
Eoin MacNeill
has pointed out that they were not the only Irish colony in the area, with the Uí Liatháin also powerful. Ascent to the High Kingship of Ireland[edit] See also: History of Ireland (800–1169)
History of Ireland (800–1169)
and List of High Kings of Ireland The adoption of the name Dál gCais
Dál gCais
and the ascent of the group to greater power, began to take place during the 10th century with internal political transition.[7] With the death of Rebachán mac Mothlai, the leadership of the Déisi Tuisceart
Déisi Tuisceart
shifted from the Uí Aengusa kindred to their junior relatives the Uí Thairdelbaig.[7] It was during the time of Kennedy,[7] who styled himself King of Thomond, that the Dál gCais
Dál gCais
began to challenge the Eóganachta; though Kennedy was defeated at the Battle of Gort Rotacháin by Cellach Caisil, King of Munster
Munster
in 944. The actual reason for this sudden surge has been much debated and one frequently discussed thesis is that it was a political scheme of the Uí Néill, intending to use the Dál gCais
Dál gCais
as proxies to further weaken the power of the Eóganachta.[9]

Brian Bóruma, High King of Ireland, perhaps the best known historical figure of the Dál gCais.

Kennedy's children built on their father's achievements. His daughter Órlaith became Queen consort of Ireland, after she married Donagh Donn, a High King of Ireland
High King of Ireland
from the southern branch of the Uí Néill. Mahon became the first Dál gCais
Dál gCais
to gain the kingship of Munster, after he seized the Rock of Cashel
Rock of Cashel
from Molloy of the Eóganachta. Leading up to this he had defeated the Norse under Ivar of Limerick at the Battle of Sulcoit in 968. After Mahon was captured by Donovan in 976 and murdered by Molloy, the Eóganachta
Eóganachta
returned to the throne at Cashel for two years, but Mahon's younger brother Brian Bóruma, a seasoned military man from the early campaigns, would desire vengeance. A campaign in 977-78 led to the defeat and death of Ivar, with an engagement at Scattery Island
Scattery Island
being the most significant. Brian retained the formerly Norse Limerick for its trading power and naval strength. The Dál gCais
Dál gCais
took back Munster
Munster
at Belach Lechta the same year, killing Molloy in the process. Ambition saw Brian look next to the territories of Malachy II, High King of Ireland. A closely contested war of 15 years ensued, with the naval ability of the Dál gCais paying off as a truce was called by Malachy in 997, recognising Brian's overlordship of Leath Moga. They became allies against Norse Dublin and the Laigin who under Máel Mórda, King of Leinster
King of Leinster
had risen against Brian's claims. The latter were subdued at Glenmama in 999, before rebelling again in 1014 at Clontarf where Norse power in Ireland was finally broken, though Brian died in the process. In the interim, Malachy had passed the High Kingship to Brian in 1002 and he built strong Christian links to Armagh. After the death of Brian, his two established surviving sons; Donagh and Teague; struggled in an internal Dál gCais
Dál gCais
rivalry for dominion. While Donagh was High King, many other Irish kings allied against him, including Leinster, Connacht and Ulster. Deposed in 1063, he fled to Rome, with some sources claiming he granted Pope Urban II
Pope Urban II
the Irish crown, this is controversial however.[note 1] Teague's son Turlough took up the reins in a lasting alliance with the powerful Dermot Kinsella, King of Leinster. Not a military leader, Turlough was instead a capable politician, the Cogad Gáedel re Gallaib
Cogad Gáedel re Gallaib
glorifying Brian's feats would be authored during his lifetime. Turlough's son Murtagh would be the last High King from the Dál gCais
Dál gCais
of the medieval period, reigning between 1101–19. Murtagh attempted to make the Irish kingship more along the lines of European monarchies and was involved in foreign affairs (allying with Arnulf de Montgomery
Arnulf de Montgomery
in the Welsh Marches
Welsh Marches
against Henry I, King of England), trying to extend Irish influence beyond internal rivalries. Dynastic divisions[edit] Septs and kindreds[edit] The septs of the Dál gCais
Dál gCais
developed over time, with new ones breaking off to form separate surnames at different times, but all claiming to share the same paternal line (with a few biological exceptions along the way due to adoption or extra-marital issue). Their eponymous founder Cas had severals sons; two of them gave their names to the Uí Bloid and Uí Caisin kindreds, another founded the Cineal Fearmaic. As the proto- Dál gCais
Dál gCais
moved up into what is today East Clare, these became associated with rooted tribal areas, but were themselves internally divided into any other septs.[10]

Tree graph showing relationships between the Dalcassian septs.[note 2]

The senior line descended from Cas' first son Bloid and they provided the Kings of Thomond. Initially the leaders of the tribe were a sept known as the Uí Aengusa from which descends O'Curry, O'Cormacan and O'Seasnain. However, during the 10th century, this passed to the junior Uí Thairdelbaig. It is this kindred which would furnish the High Kings of Ireland
High Kings of Ireland
and the Kings of Thomond
Thomond
including Brian Bóruma. From the Uí Thairdelbaig came O'Brien, O'Kennedy
O'Kennedy
(who were Kings of Ormond), MacConsidine, MacMahon, O'Reagan, MacLysaght, O'Kelleher, Boland, Cramer, Kearney, O'Casey, Power, Twomey, Eustace, Ahearne, MacGrath, Quick, O'Meara, Scanlan, MacArthur, Cosgrave, O'Hogan, Lonergan and others.[11][12] O'Noonan and Coombe are other notable Uí Bloid descendants.[11] A younger brother of Carthann Fionn (who both the Uí Thairdelbaig and Uí Aengusa derive) named Brennan Ban stands at the head of the genealogies for the O'Brennan, Glinn, Muldowney and O'Hurley septs.[11] Although a junior line, the Uí Caisin continued to have a prominent role and the leader of their kindred in Thomond
Thomond
were the MacNamara, who as Lords of Clancullen, were the second most powerful family after the O'Brien.[13] Other families descended from the branch of Carthann (son of Caisin) include Harley, Flood, Torrens, Stoney, Hickey, O'Hay, Clancy, Neylon and Flattery.[14] Carthann had brothers named Eocha and Sineall from whom descends the O'Grady, Tubridy, Hartigan, Durkin, Killeen and Hogg.[15][16][17] In addition to this, there are the Cineal Fearmaic who claim to descend from Aengus Cinathrach, a brother of Caisin and Bloid. This kindred included the O'Dea as leaders, as well as the O'Quin, O'Heffernan, Kielty and Perkin.[18] Titles and social roles[edit] Within the traditional Gaelic culture
Gaelic culture
of Ireland, society rested on the pillars of the tribal nobility, bardic poet historians and priests.[19] Different families had different roles to play and in many cases this was a hereditary role. However, the nature of this system, known as tanistry was aristocratic ("rule by the best") in the truest sense, in that if the tribe thought a younger male member of the family was more suitable to succeed to a role than an older sibling, then they could. The Norman and wider European concept of strict primogeniture was not completely adopted until after some of the families joined the peerage of Ireland. The most powerful Dalcassian family of the hereditary Gaelic nobility were the O'Brien (Kings of Thomond), followed by MacNamara
MacNamara
(Lords of Clann Cuilean), O'Kennedy
O'Kennedy
(Kings of Ormond), MacMahon
MacMahon
(Lords of Corca Baiscinn),[2] O'Grady (Lords of Cinél Dongaile) and O'Dea (Lords of Cinél Fearmaic). Some of these families later joined the peerage of Ireland after the surrender and regrant to the Tudors
Tudors
during the 16th century. The O'Brien were initially Earls of Thomond, but later became Barons Inchiquin which they hold to this day. The O'Grady were Viscounts Guillamore, while the O'Quins became Earls of Dunraven.[18] A branch of the MacMahon
MacMahon
family became Marquis de MacMahon d'Eguilly[3] in the Kingdom of France, later raised to Dukes of Magenta under Emperor Napoleon III. The Clancy sept were the hereditary Brehons
Brehons
of Thomond
Thomond
and held a very powerful position when it came to law in the kingdom.[20] Even after the end of the Gaelic order, they continued to play a role, providing a High Sheriff of Clare in the form of Boetius Clancy.[20] Famously participating in the Contention of the Bards in support of the honour of the tribe, the MacBrody sept were the principal poets and historians of the Dál gCais
Dál gCais
over the course of centuries.[21][22] The O'Hickey and Neylon[23] sept would serve as hereditary physicians to the Dalcassians
Dalcassians
of Thomond. After the Norman Butler dynasty
Butler dynasty
took Ormond, the Dalcassian sept of O'Meara became their hereditary physicians, this line included Barry Edward O'Meara, who was with Emperor Napoleon I
Napoleon I
in exile at St. Helena. Chieftainship[edit]

Name Died Notes

Mahon 976 First member of the tribe to become King of Munster.

Brian Bóruma 1014 King of Munster, first of the tribe to become High King of Ireland. National symbol of Ireland.

Donagh O'Brien 1064 King of Munster, lost to the Eóganachta
Eóganachta
and retired to Rome. His brother Teague was a contender.

Turlough I O'Brien 1086 King of Munster, regained from the Eóganachta, also won back the High Kingship of Ireland.

Murrough I O'Brien 1119 King of Munster
King of Munster
and High King of Ireland. Later years were disputed with brother Dermot.

Conor O'Brien 1142 King of Thomond
Thomond
as the crown of Munster
Munster
was divided between Thomond and Desmond.

Turlough II O'Brien 1167 King of Thomond, claimant to Kingdom of Munster.

Murrough II O'Brien 1168 King of Thomond, claimant to Kingdom of Munster.

Donal O'Brien 1194 King of Thomond, claimant to Kingdom of Munster. Defeated the Normans several times.

Annalistic references[edit]

AI1021.2 Mael Muire Ua Gébennaig, eminent priest of Dál Cais, rested.

See also[edit]

Irish nobility Irish royal families

Notes[edit]

^ Donagh certainly fled to Rome and was buried at the Basilica di Santo Stefano al Monte Celio. The stories about his time there are recorded by Geoffrey Keating in the 17th century, some with skepticism. The story was used in the 19th century as a potential explanation for Laudabiliter. ^ Most information about the relationship between septs and their genealogical root can be found in John O'Hart's Irish pedigrees; or, The origin and stem of the Irish nation, where he worked from 17th century genealogists Cú Choigcríche Ó Cléirigh and Dubhaltach Mac Fhirbhisigh, as well as the Annals of the Four Masters.

References[edit] Footnotes[edit]

^ "Coat of Arms". The O'Brien Clan. 8 March 2011. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012.  ^ a b The Tribe of Cas (26 August 2011). "Pedigree of MacMahon, Lords of Corca Baisgin, County Clare".  External link in title= (help) ^ a b Family History Ireland (26 August 2011). "Marshal MacMahon
MacMahon
and the Ottomans".  External link in title= (help) ^ Family Steps by Leanne Chilver (29 May 2012). "Kennedy Origins Story".  External link in title= (help) ^ Clan O'Reagan (29 May 2012). "Reagan Presidential Memorial".  External link in title= (help) ^ a b Koch 2006, p. 554. ^ a b c d Duffy 2004, p. 121. ^ Davies 1994, p. 52. ^ Rynne 1967, p. 230. ^ " Dál gCais
Dál gCais
or The Dalcassians
Dalcassians
of Thomond". DalcassianSept.com. 12 November 2008. Archived from the original on 8 September 2010.  ^ a b c "Irish Pedigrees, O'Brien". DalcassianSept.com. 12 November 2008. Archived from the original on 19 September 2010.  ^ "A Set of Distinctive Marker Values Defines a Y-STR Signature for Gaelic Dalcassian Families". JOGG.info. 7 July 2011.  ^ "The Kingdom of Thomond". Clan MaConmara. 7 July 2012.  ^ "Irish Pedigrees, MacNamara". DalcassianSept.com. 12 November 2008. Archived from the original on 19 September 2010.  ^ "Irish Pedigrees, O'Grady". DalcassianSept.com. 12 November 2008. Archived from the original on 19 September 2010.  ^ "Irish Pedigrees, Durkin". DalcassianSept.com. 12 November 2008. Archived from the original on 19 September 2010.  ^ "The Surname Ó Caiside". Brian Ó Cuiv. 12 November 2008. Archived from the original on 10 February 2012.  ^ a b "Irish Pedigrees, Quin". DalcassianSept.com. 12 November 2008. Archived from the original on 19 September 2010.  ^ "The Dalcassian Knights, Gaelic Social Structure by Patrick M. O'Shea". DalcassianSept.com. 23 July 2012.  ^ a b James Frost (26 August 2011). "The History and Topography of the County of Clare, Part I. Topography of Thomond
Thomond
Chapter 7. Corcomroe".  External link in title= (help) ^ James Frost (26 August 2011). "The History and Topography of the County of Clare, Part I. Topography of Thomond
Thomond
Chapter 9. Ui Fearmaic; Gleann Omra; Ui Bracain; Ui Floinn; Ui Ronghaile".  External link in title= (help) ^ County Clare
County Clare
Library (26 August 2011). "MacBrody, MacBruaideadha".  External link in title= (help) ^ Moody 1991, p. 519.

Bibliography[edit]

Davies, John (1994), A History of Wales, Penguin Books, ISBN 0-14-014581-8  Duffy, Seán (2004), Medieval Ireland: An Encyclopedia, Routledge, ISBN 0-415-94052-4  Koch, John (2006), Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, ISBN 1-85109-440-7  Moody, Theodore William (1991), Early Modern Ireland: 1534–1691, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0198202423  Rynne, Etienne (1967), North Munster
Munster
Studies: Essays in Commemoration of Monsignor Michael Moloney, Thomond
Thomond
Archaeological Society  Byrne, Francis John, Irish Kings and High-Kings. Four Courts Press. 2nd edition, 2001. MacLysaght, Edward, Irish Families: Their Names, Arms and Origins. Irish Academic Press. 4th edition, 1998. O'Brien, Barry, Munster
Munster
at War. Cork: Mercier Press. 1971. O'Brien, Michael A., ed.; Kelleher, John V. (intro. in the reprints of 1976 and 2005) (1962). Corpus Genealogiarum Hiberniae. 1. Dublin: DIAS. pp. 207–8, 235–45, 250 and 427. ISBN 0901282316. OCLC 56540733. Genealogies for the Dál Cais of Thomond CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Todd, James Henthorn (ed. and tr.), Cogadh Gaedhel re Gallaibh: The War of the Gaedhil with the Gaill Longmans. 1867. " Dál gCais
Dál gCais
– Church and Dynasty", Donncha Ó Corráin,

External links[edit]

Tribes and Territories of Northern Munster: Dál gCais The Tribe of Cas at DalcassianSept.com Irish Type III at IrishType3DNA.org R-L226 Project at Family Tree DNA

v t e

Dál gCais

Kindreds and septs

Déisi
Déisi
Tuisceart

Uí Bloid

O'Ahearne O'Boland Coombe O'Cosgrave Eustace MacGlynn O'Kearney O'Lonergan MacArthur MacConsidine MacGrath MacLysaght MacMahon O'Muldowney O'Brennan O'Brien O'Casey O'Crotty O'Hogan O'Hurley O'Kelleher O'Kennedy O'Meara O'Noonan O'Reagan Power O'Quirke O'Scanlan O'Twomey

Uí Caisin

MacClancy MacDurkin O'Flattery Flood Harley O'Hartigan O'Hickey Hogg O'Killeen MacNamara MacInerney O'Neilan O'Hay (Hayes) O'Grady Stoney Torrens O'Tubridy

Cineal Fearmaic

O'Quilty MacBrody O'Dea O'Heffernan O'Quinn Perkin

Delbhna

Faherty MacConroy Heney Flannagan Fenelon Mulholland Logue Scully

Déisi
Déisi
Muman

O'Phelan O'Bric MacHugh

Personalities

Fedlimid Rechtmar Fiacha Suidhe Declán of Ardmore Lugaid Menn Conall of the Swift Steeds Íte of Killeedy Mainchín of Limerick Mo Lua of Killaloe Flannán mac Toirrdelbaig Cennétig mac Lorcáin Mathgamain mac Cennétig Brian Bóruma Cuiduligh mac Cennétig Echthighern mac Cennétig Tadc mac Briain Donnchad mac Briain Toirdelbach Ua Briain Muirchertach Ua Briain Domnall mac Taidc Uí Briain

Literature

The Expulsion of the Déisi Cogad Gáedel re Gallaib

Places

Ballinalacken Castle Ballycar Castle Ballyhannon Castle Bunratty Castle Castlebawn Craggaunowen Castle Doonagore Castle Dromoland Castle Knappogue Castle Leamaneh Castle O'Dea Castle

Battles

Belach Lechta Cathair Cuan Clontarf Dysert O'Dea Glenmama Knockdoe Lough Raska Móin Mhór Sulcoit Athenry

Related articles

Gaels Milesians Heremonians Cycles of the Kings Dal Fiachrach Suighe List of monarchs of Déisi
Déisi
Muman Kingdom of Dyfed Attacotti Aibell Munster List of kings of Munster Thomond List of monarchs of Thomond Kingdom of Ormond List of High Kings of Ireland Contention of the Bards Munster
Munster
Irish

Celts
Celts
portal Ireland portal Category WikiProject

v t e

Kingdom of Munster

Túatha

Eóganachta

Eóganacht Chaisil Eóganacht Glendamnach Eóganacht Locha Léin Eóganacht Raithlind Eóganacht Áine Eóganacht Airthir Cliach Eóganacht Ninussa

Érainn

Corcu Baiscind Corcu Duibne Corcu Loígde Múscraige Corca Oiche

Ulaid

Corco Mruad Ciarraige Luachra Ciarraige Chuirchi Ciarraige Áei Ciarraige Choinnenn Orbraige Aradh

Others

Deirgtine Dáirine Mairtine Déisi
Déisi
Muman Dál gCais Uí Fidgenti Uí Liatháin Uí Duach Éile Cenél Cerdraige Osraige Fir Maige Féne Aes Ealla Uaithne Glasraighe Dál Coirpri Aradh

Reigning clans

Kindreds

Dáirine Deirgtine Corcu Loígde Eóganacht Áine Eóganacht Glendamnach Eóganacht Chaisil Múscraige Eóganacht Raithlind Uí Ímair Dál gCais

Septs

Ó hEidirsceoil Ó Ciarmhaic Ó Caoimh Ó Súilleabháin Mac Cárthaigh Ó Donnagáin Ó Donnchadha Ó Mathghamhna Ó Briain

Successor realms

Osraige Desmond Thomond Ormond Lordship of Ireland

General

List of kings of Munster Province of Munster Munster
Munster
Irish Annals of Inisfallen Senchas Fagbála Caisil Caithréim Chellacháin Chaisil Cogad Gáedel re Gallaib

Celts
Celts
portal Ireland portal Category WikiProject

v t e

Gaels

General history

Gaelic Ireland High King of Ireland Gaelic Irish kingdoms Dál Riata Alba Nine Years' War Statutes of Iona Flight of the Earls Plantation of Ulster 1641 Rebellion Act for the Settlement of Ireland 1652 Jacobite risings Bliadhna Theàrlaich Penal Laws Great Hunger Irish diaspora Highland Clearances Gaelic Revival Gaeltacht Gàidhealtachd

Gaelic culture

Ogham Brehon law Gaelic mythology Lebor Gabála Érenn Gaelic warfare Gaelic astrology Gaelic kinship Bardic poetry Gaelic literature
Gaelic literature
(Early Irish, Modern Irish, Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
& Manx) Gaelic type Insular script Fáinne Gaelic music Sean-nós song Oireachtas na Gaeilge Am Mòd Gaelic games Highland games Insular Christianity Gaelic Christian mission

Language

Primitive Irish Old Irish Middle Irish Classical Gaelic Irish Manx Scottish Gaelic

Major tribes or clans

Connachta
Connachta
(incl. Uí Néill, Clan Colla, Clan Donald, Uí Maine, etc) Dál gCais
Dál gCais
(incl. Déisi) Eóganachta Érainn
Érainn
(incl. Dál Riata, Corcu Loígde, Clan Conla, Dál Fiatach, etc) Laigin Ulaid
Ulaid
(incl. Dál nAraidi, Conmhaícne, Ciarraige, etc)

Prominent organisations

Údarás na Gaeltachta Foras na Gaeilge Bòrd na Gàidhlig Culture Vannin Conradh na Gaeilge An Comunn Gàidhealach Manx Gaelic Society Seachtain na Gaeilge Gael Linn ULTACH Trust Comunn na Gàidhlig Columba Project Clans of Ireland An Coimisinéir Teanga An Comunn Gàidhealach
An Comunn Gàidhealach
America

Related subjects

Haplogroup R-M269
Haplogroup R-M269
(human genetics) Celts Norse– Gaels
Gaels
(incl. Uí Ímair
Uí Ímair
and Clan MacLeod) Kingdom of the Isles Gaelicisation

Celts
Celts
portal Ireland portal Scotland portal Isle of Man portal Category WikiProject

v t e

Royal houses of Europe

Nordic countries

Denmark

Knýtlinga Fairhair Estridsen Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Oldenburg Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Finland

Bjelbo Mecklenburg Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Vasa Palatinate-Zweibrücken Hesse Holstein-Gottorp Romanov

Norway

Fairhair Knýtlinga Hardrada Gille Sverre Bjelbo Estridsen Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Holstein-Gottorp Bernadotte Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Sweden

Munsö Stenkil Sverker Eric Bjelbo Estridsen Mecklenburg Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Vasa Palatinate-Zweibrücken Hesse-Kassel Holstein-Gottorp Bernadotte

Iceland

Fairhair Bjelbo Estridsen Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Britain and Ireland

England

Mercia Wuffing Kent Sussex Essex Bernicia Deira Northumbria Uí Ímair Wessex Knýtlinga Normandy Angevin Plantagenet Lancaster York Tudor

Scotland

Fergus Óengus Strathclyde Mann and the Isles Alpin Northumbria Bernicia Uí Ímair Galloway Dunkeld Sverre Balliol Bruce Stuart

Wales

Dinefwr Aberffraw Gwynedd Mathrafal Cunedda Tudor

Ireland

Ulaid Dál Riata Érainn Corcu Loígde Laigin Connachta Uí Néill Ó Gallchobhair Ó Domhnail Ó Néill Ó Máel Sechlainn Mac Murchada Ó Briain Mac Lochlainn Ó Conchobhair

Gaelic Ireland

Laigin Síl Conairi Ulaid Dáirine Osraige Cruthin Dál nAraidi Connachta Uí Fiachrach Uí Briúin Uí Néill Síl nÁedo Sláine Clann Cholmáin Eóganachta Chaisil Glendamnach Raithlind Uí Dúnlainge Uí Ímair
Uí Ímair
(Norse) Uí Ceinnselaig Dál gCais Ó Briain Mac Carthaig Ó Conchobhair Ó Ruairc De Burgh (Norman) FitzGerald (Norman) Ó Domhnaill Ó Néill

Great Britain

Stuart Orange-Nassau Hanover Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Windsor

Eastern Europe

Albania

Angevin Progon Arianiti Thopia Kastrioti Dukagjini Wied Zogu Ottoman Savoy

Armenia2

Orontid Artaxiad Arsacid Bagratid Artsruni Rubenids Hethumids Lusignan Savoy

Bosnia

Boričević Kulinić Kotromanić Kosača Ottoman Habsburg-Lorraine

Bulgaria

Dulo Krum Cometopuli Asen Smilets Terter Shishman Sratsimir Battenberg Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Croatia

Trpimirović Domagojević Svačić Ottoman Luxembourg Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine Bonaparte Savoy (disputed)

Cyprus2

Plantagenet Lusignan Ottoman Savoy

Georgia1

Pharnavazid Artaxiad Arsacid Ottoman Chosroid Bagrationi

Greece

Argead Macedonian Doukas Komnenos Angelos Laskaris Palaiologos Ottoman Wittelsbach Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Lithuania

Mindaugas Gediminids Jagiellon Valois Báthory Vasa Wiśniowiecki Sobieski Wettin Leszczyński Poniatowski Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov

Moldavia

Dragoș (Drăgoșești) Rossetti Bogdan-Muşat Movilești Drăculeşti Ghica Cantacuzene Cantemirești Racoviță Mavrocordato Ypsilantis Soutzos Mourousi Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Basarab

Montenegro

Vojislavljević Balšić Ottoman Crnojević Petrović-Njegoš

Romania

House of Basarab Rossetti Bogdan-Mușat Movilești Drăculești Ghica Cantacuzene Cantemirești Romanov Racoviță Ottoman Mavrocordato Ypsilantis Soutzos Mourousi Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Romania/Royal family

Russia1

Rurik Borjigin Godunov Shuysky Vasa Romanov

Serbia

Vlastimirović Vukanović Nemanjić Lazarević Mrnjavčević Dejanović Branković Ottoman Obrenović Karađorđević

Turkey1

Ottoman

Ukraine

Rurikids Piast Gediminids Olshanski Olelkovich Giray Romanov Habsburg-Lorraine

1 Transcontinental country. 2 Entirely in Southwest Asia
Asia
but having socio-political connections with Europe.

Western Europe

Belgium

Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

France

Merovingian Carolingian Capet Valois Bourbon Bonaparte Orléans

Italy

Aleramici Appiani Bonaparte Bourbon-Parma Bourbon-Two Sicilies Carolingian Della Rovere Este Farnese Flavian Gonzaga Grimaldi Habsburg Julio-Claudian Malatesta Malaspina Medici Montefeltro Nerva–Antonine Ordelaffi Orsini Palaiologos Pallavicini Savoy Severan Sforza Visconti

Luxembourg

Orange-Nassau Nassau-Weilburg Bourbon-Parma

Monaco

Grimaldi

Netherlands

Bonaparte Orange-Nassau (Mecklenburg) (Lippe) (Amsberg)

Portugal

Vímara Peres Burgundy Aviz Habsburg Spanish Braganza

Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Spain

Asturias Barcelona Jiménez Burgundy Champagne Capet Évreux Trastámara Habsburg Bourbon

Bonaparte Savoy

Central Europe

Austria

Babenberg Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine

Bohemia

Přemyslid Piast Luxembourg Jagiellon Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine

Germany

Ascania Carolingian Conradines Ottonian Luitpolding Salian Süpplingenburg Hohenstaufen Welf Habsburg Hanover Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Nassau Luxembourg Wittelsbach Schwarzburg Brunswick-Lüneburg House of Pomerania Hohenzollern Württemberg Oldenburg Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg Orange-Nassau Nassau-Weilburg Mecklenburg Vasa Palatine Zweibrücken Hesse Holstein-Gottorp Romanov Bonaparte Wettin Lippe Zähringen

Hungary

Árpád Přemyslid Wittelsbach Angevin Luxembourg Hunyadi Jagiellon Szapolyai Ottoman Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein

Poland

Piast Přemyslid Samborides Griffins Jagiellon Valois Báthory Vasa Wiśniowiecki Sobieski Wettin Leszczyński Poniatowski

After partitions:

Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov
Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov
Kingdom of Poland Habsburg Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria Wettin Duchy of Warsaw Lefebvre Duchy of Gdańsk Hohenzollern Duch

.