HOME
The Info List - Czernowitz





Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
(Ukrainian: Чернівці́, translit. Černivci [tʃɛrniu̯ˈtsʲi]; see also other names) is a city in western Ukraine, situated on the upper course of the River Prut. Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
is the administrative center of Chernivtsi Oblast
Chernivtsi Oblast
(province) – the northern, Ukrainian part of the historical region of Bukovina. Administratively, Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
is a city of oblast significance. At the time of the 2001 Ukrainian Census, the population of the city was 240,600.[4] Current population: 266,366 (2015 est.)[5] Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
is currently viewed as one of Western Ukraine's main cultural centers. The city is also considered one of Ukraine's important educational and architectural sites. Historically a cosmopolitan community, Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
was once dubbed "Little Vienna"[1][2] and " Jerusalem
Jerusalem
upon the Prut". Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
is currently twinned with seven other cities around the world. The city is a major regional rail and road transportation hub, also housing an international airport.

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 Geography and climate

3.1 Government and subdivisions

4 Demographics 5 Culture

5.1 Architecture 5.2 Polish House in Chernivtsi

6 Education 7 Sports 8 Transport

8.1 Rail 8.2 Air

9 International relations

9.1 Twin towns—Sister cities

10 Notable people

10.1 Natives 10.2 Residents

11 Gallery 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

Name[edit] Aside from its Ukrainian name of Chernivtsi, the city is also known by several different names in various languages, which still are used by the respective population groups much as they used to be throughout the city's history, either in connection with the rule by one country or another or independently from it: Romanian: Cernăuți; German: Czernowitz; Polish: Czerniowce; Hungarian: Csernovic, Russian: Черновцы́, translit. Chernovtsy (until 1944: Чернови́цы, translit. Chernovitsy). In the times of Halych-Volyn Principality the city's name was Chern. History[edit]

The city's coat of arms until 1918

The city's coat of arms from 1918 to 1940.

Archeological evidence discovered in the area surrounding Chernivtsi indicates that a population inhabited it since the Neolithic
Neolithic
era. Later settlements included those of the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture,[6] the Corded Ware culture; artifacts from the Bronze and Iron Ages were also found in the city. A fortified settlement located on the left (north-eastern) shore of the Prut
Prut
dates back to the time of the Principality of Halych and is thought to have been built by Grand Prince Yaroslav Osmomysl.[7] Legendary accounts refer to this fortress-city as Chern', or Black city; it is said to owe its name to the black color of the city walls, built from dark oak layered with local black-colored soil.[8] This early stronghold was destroyed during the Mongol invasion of Europe
Mongol invasion of Europe
by Boroldai in 1259. However, the remaining ramparts of the fortress were still used for defense purposes; in the 17th century they were augmented with several bastions, one of which is still extant.

Map of the United States
United States
of Greater Austria, proposed in 1906, shows the city at the border of the areas inhabited by Romanians
Romanians
and Ukrainians.

Following the destruction of the fortress, later settlements in the area centered on the right (south-western) shore of the Prut
Prut
River, at a more strategically advantageous, elevated location. In 1325, when Kingdom of Poland
Poland
seized control of Galicia, and came into contact with the early Vlach (Romanian) feudal formations, a fort was mentioned under the name Țețina; it was defending the ford and crossing point on the Prut
Prut
River. It was part of a group of three fortifications, the other two being the fortress of Hotin on the Dniester to the east, and a fort on the Kolachin River, an upriver tributary of Prut. Between 1359 and 1775, the city and its surroundings were part of the Principality of Moldavia, one of the historic provinces of Romania; the city being the administrative center of the homonymous ţinut (county).[9] The name Cernăuţi/ Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
is first attested in a document by Alexandru cel Bun (Alexander the Good) on 8 October 1408.[10] In Ottoman sources, the city was mentioned as "Çernovi", a phonetic transliteration of a Latin cognomen meaning new castle see French Castelnau[11] or Welsh Carno. In 1775, the northwestern part of the territory of Moldavia
Moldavia
was annexed by the Habsburg Empire; this region became known as Bukovina. The city became the region's capital, which in 1849 was raised in status and became known as the Duchy of Bukovina, a crownland of the Austrian Empire. The city received Magdeburg rights.[12] The city began to flourish in 1778 when Knight Karl von Enzenberg was appointed the chief of the Military Administration. He invited many merchants, craftsmen and entrepreneurs to help develop trade and other businesses. Saint Peter's Fairs ( 1–15 July) had given a new vibrant impulse to the market development from 1786. In the late 19th century the German language—due to the Habsburg and the very important Jewish influence—became the lingua franca and more and more newspapers were edited in German, also a remarkable literary production in German began in this period, featuring most prominently Karl Emil Franzos.[13] During the 19th and early 20th century, Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
became a center of both Romanian and Ukrainian national movements. In 1908, it was the site of the first Yiddish language
Yiddish language
conference, the Czernowitz Conference, coordinated by Nathan Birnbaum. When Austria-Hungary dissolved in 1918, the city and its surrounding area became part of the Kingdom of Romania.[14] In 1930, the city reached a population of 112,400: 26.8% Jews, 23.2% Romanians, 20.8% Germans, 18.6% Ukrainians, the remainder Poles
Poles
and others. It was one of the five university centers of interwar Romania. In 1940, the Red Army
Red Army
occupied the area; the area around the city became known as Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
Oblast, and was allotted to the Ukrainian SSR by the Soviet Union.[14] The city's large Romanian intelligentsia found refuge in Romania; while the Bukovina
Bukovina
Germans
Germans
were "repatriated" according to a Soviet-Nazi agreement. Under the regime of military dictator Ion Antonescu, Romania
Romania
had switched from an ally of France and Britain to one of Nazi Germany; subsequently, in July 1941, the Romanian Army retook the city as part of the Axis attack on the Soviet Union during World War II. In August 1941, Antonescu ordered the creation of a ghetto in the lowland part of the city, where 50,000 Bukovina
Bukovina
Jews
Jews
were crammed, two-thirds of whom would be deported in October 1941 and early 1942 to Transnistria, where the majority perished. The Romanian mayor of the city Traian Popovici
Traian Popovici
managed to persuade Antonescu to raise the number of Jews
Jews
exempted from deportation from 200 to 20,000. In 1944, when Axis forces
Axis forces
were driven out by the Red Army, the city was reincorporated into the Ukrainian SSR. Over the following years, most of the Jews
Jews
left for Israel; the city was an important node in the Berihah
Berihah
network. Bukovina
Bukovina
Poles
Poles
were also "repatriated" by the Soviets after World War II. The city became a predominantly Ukrainian one. Since 1991, Chernitvtsi has been a part of independent Ukraine. In May 1999, Romania
Romania
opened a consulate general in the city. Contemporary Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
is an important regional center, which is situated on the picturesque banks of the Prut
Prut
River and occupies an area of about 150 square kilometres (58 sq mi). In April 2016, amidst the Ukraine
Ukraine
crisis, the Chernitvtsi city council banned the use of the word "Russia" on signboards, advertisements, billboards, tables and other public boards.[15] Geography and climate[edit] Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
is located in the historic region of Bukovina, which is currently shared between Romania
Romania
(south) and Ukraine
Ukraine
(north). The city lies 248 meters above sea level, and is surrounded by forests and fields. The River Prut
Prut
runs through the city's landscape.

Climate data for Chernivtsi

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 15.3 (59.5) 21.3 (70.3) 24.6 (76.3) 30.9 (87.6) 33.5 (92.3) 35.6 (96.1) 37.4 (99.3) 37.7 (99.9) 36.3 (97.3) 31.0 (87.8) 24.9 (76.8) 17.9 (64.2) 37.7 (99.9)

Average high °C (°F) 0.1 (32.2) 1.7 (35.1) 7.2 (45) 14.5 (58.1) 20.4 (68.7) 23.1 (73.6) 25.1 (77.2) 24.6 (76.3) 19.6 (67.3) 13.8 (56.8) 6.1 (43) 0.9 (33.6) 13.1 (55.6)

Daily mean °C (°F) −2.9 (26.8) −1.8 (28.8) 2.7 (36.9) 9.2 (48.6) 14.9 (58.8) 18.0 (64.4) 19.8 (67.6) 19.1 (66.4) 14.3 (57.7) 8.8 (47.8) 2.6 (36.7) −1.9 (28.6) 8.6 (47.5)

Average low °C (°F) −5.7 (21.7) −4.7 (23.5) −0.9 (30.4) 4.6 (40.3) 9.8 (49.6) 13.3 (55.9) 15.1 (59.2) 14.4 (57.9) 9.9 (49.8) 4.9 (40.8) −0.2 (31.6) −4.4 (24.1) 4.7 (40.5)

Record low °C (°F) −30.7 (−23.3) −29.0 (−20.2) −20.7 (−5.3) −13.6 (7.5) −2.0 (28.4) 3.0 (37.4) 7.4 (45.3) 3.4 (38.1) −4.4 (24.1) −9.7 (14.5) −17.5 (0.5) −28.0 (−18.4) −30.7 (−23.3)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 26 (1.02) 30 (1.18) 32 (1.26) 47 (1.85) 76 (2.99) 88 (3.46) 98 (3.86) 77 (3.03) 49 (1.93) 37 (1.46) 31 (1.22) 33 (1.3) 624 (24.57)

Average rainy days 7 7 12 17 17 18 15 13 13 13 12 9 153

Average snowy days 15 15 10 3 0.03 0 0 0 0 1 7 13 64

Average relative humidity (%) 83 81 75 69 69 71 71 73 75 79 84 85 76

Mean monthly sunshine hours 65 75 123 162 219 233 247 246 188 141 68 53 1,820

Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[16]

Source #2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990)[17]

Government and subdivisions[edit] Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
is the administrative center of the Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
Oblast (province) and the city itself has own government within the oblast under direct subordination to oblast. The territory of Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
is divided into three administrative city raions (districts):

No. Name in Ukrainian Population

1 Pershotravnevy Raion Першотравневий район 69,370

2 Sadhora
Sadhora
Raion Садгірський район 28,227

3 Shevchenko Raion[18] Шевченківський район 139,094

The mayor of Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
is Mykola Fedoruk, who has held the position since 1994.[8] The new mayor of Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
is Oleksiy Kaspruk who has held the position since 2014[8]

Central Square of Czernowitz in the early 1900s

The Residence (photograph of c. 1899)

Armenian church in the early 1900s.

An early 20th-century postcard depicting the Czernowitz Synagogue.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1775 2,300 —    

1794 5,000 +117.4%

1832 11,000 +120.0%

1869 34,000 +209.1%

1890 54,200 +59.4%

1910 87,100 +60.7%

1930 112,400 +29.0%

1941 78,800 −29.9%

1970 187,000 +137.3%

1984 238,000 +27.3%

1989 295,000 +23.9%

2001 240,600 −18.4%

2013 (est.) 259,897 +8.0%

According to the latest All-Ukrainian population census in 2001, the population of Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
was approximately 240,600 people of 65 nationalities.[4] Among them, 189,000 (79.8%) are Ukrainians; 26,700 (11.3%) Russians; 10,500 (4.4%) Romanians; 3,800 (1.6%) Moldovans; 1,400 (0.6%) Polish; 1,300 (0.6%) Jews; 2,900 (1.2%) other nationalities.[8] Based on the last available Soviet data, the population of the city, as of 1 January 1989, was approximately 295,000 residents. Among these, there are some 172,000 Ukrainians, 46,000 Russians, 16,000 Romanians, 13,000 Moldovans, 7,000 Poles
Poles
and others. The Romanian population in Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
started decreasing rapidly after 1950. Many Romanians
Romanians
fled to Romania
Romania
or were deported to Siberia (where most of them died), and the remaining Romanian population quickly became a minority and assimilated with the majority. Nowadays, the Romanian minority in Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
is still decreasing as a result of cultural assimilation and emigration to Romania.[citation needed] Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
once had a Jewish community of over 50,000, less than a third of whom survived World War II. Romanian lawyer and reserve officer Theodor Criveanu, as well as the then city mayor Traian Popovici, supported by General Vasile Ionescu saved 19,689 Jewish people. Initially, Governor of Bukovina
Bukovina
Corneliu Calotescu allowed only 190 Jewish people to stay, but Traian Popovici, after an incredible effort, obtained from the then dictator of Romania
Romania
Marshal Ion Antonescu
Ion Antonescu
an allowance of 20,000.[19] After World War II, the city was a key node in the Berihah
Berihah
network, which helped Jews
Jews
to emigrate to the then Mandate Palestine
Mandate Palestine
from the difficult conditions after the War. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the majority of the remaining Jewish population emigrated to Israel
Israel
and the United States. A famous member of this latter emigration is the actress Mila Kunis.[20] Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
was inhabited by Ukrainians, Romanians, Poles, Ruthenians, Jews, Roma, and Germans. During its affiliation with the Austro-Hungarian
Austro-Hungarian
monarchy, Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
enjoyed prosperity and culture as the capital of the Bukovina
Bukovina
crown land. After World War II, the Shoah
Shoah
and Porajmos, and the resettlement and expulsion of the whole ethnic groups, including Germans
Germans
and Romanians, this status was diminished. Today, the Ukrainians
Ukrainians
are the dominant population group. Chernivtsi's change in demographic diversity is demonstrated by the following population statistics. Once, Romanians
Romanians
and Ukrainians
Ukrainians
formed the majority of the population. However, after 1870, Yiddish- or German-speaking Jews
Jews
surpassed the Romanians
Romanians
as the largest population group of the town. After 1880, the Ukrainians
Ukrainians
surpassed the Romanians as the second largest population group.[citation needed]

Jews
Jews
in Chernivtsi according to Austrian-Hungarian Census[21]

Year total pop. Jews % Jews

1857 ca. 22,000 4,678 21.6%

1869 ca. 34,000 9,552 28.2%

1880 ca. 46,000 14,449 31.7%

1890 ca. 54,000 17,359 32.0%

1900 ca. 68,000 21,587 31.9%

1910 ca. 87,000 28,613 32.8%

Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
(City) Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
(Suburbs)

Year Romanians Ukrainians Romanians Ukrainians

1860 9,177 4,133 20,068 6,645

1870 5,999 5,831 28,315 35,011

1880 6,431 8,232 8,887 23,051

1890 7,624 10,385 11,433 34,067

1900 9,400 13,030 13,252 25,476

1910 13,440 15,254 18,060 22,351

Culture[edit] Architecture[edit] There are many places which attract citizens of Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
and the visitors: Drama Theatre, Regional Philharmonic Society, Organ and Chamber Music Hall, puppet-theatre, Museum of Local Lore, History and Economy, Museum of Fine Arts, Bukovynian Diaspora Museum, Museum of Folk Architecture and Way of Life, memorial museums of writers, the Central Palace of Culture.

Theatre Square of Chernivtsi

The city of Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
has a lot of architecturally important buildings. Many historic buildings have been preserved, especially within the city's center. However, after years of disrepair and neglect, the buildings are in need of major restoration.[citation needed] As Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
was part of the Austro-Hungarian
Austro-Hungarian
Empire, it was closely related to the empire's culture, including architecture.[citation needed] Main architectural styles present within the city include Vienna
Vienna
Secession and Neoclassicism, Baroque, late Gothic architecture, and fragments of traditional Moldavian and Hungarian architecture, Byzantine architecture
Byzantine architecture
as well as Cubism.[22] During the Interwar Romanian administration, a great number of buildings in the Neo-Romanian and Art Deco architectural styles were also built.The city is sometimes dubbed Little Vienna, because its architecture is reminiscent of the Austro-Hungarian
Austro-Hungarian
capital Vienna.[1][2]

Central Square of Chernivtsi

The main architectural attractions of the city include: the Chernivtsi Drama Theater (1905); the Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
University—UNESCO World Heritage Site (1882); the Regional Museum of Fine Arts—the former savings bank (1900); the Regional Council—former Palace of Justice (1906); and the Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
Palace of Culture—former Jewish National House (1908); among many others. The magnificent Moorish Revival Czernowitz Synagogue
Czernowitz Synagogue
was heavily damaged by fire in 1941, the walls were used to create the "Chernivtsi" movie theater.[citation needed]

Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
University

The Czech architect Josef Hlávka
Josef Hlávka
designed, in 1864–1882, the buildings that currently house the Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
State University. They were originally the residence of the Bukovinian and Dalmatian Metropolitans. The Romanesque and Byzantine architecture
Byzantine architecture
is embellished with motifs of Ukrainian folk art; for example, the tile roof patterns duplicate the geometric designs of traditional Ukrainian embroidery. Polish House in Chernivtsi[edit] The history of Polish community in Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
dates back to the late 18th century, when authorities of the Habsburg Empire
Habsburg Empire
encouraged Poles to move to Bucovina. By mid-19th century, several Polish organizations existed in the city, including Bratnia Pomoc and Czytelnia Polska. On initiative of publishers of the Gazeta Polska daily newspaper, collection of money for the construction of Polish House was initiated. In early 20th century, two Polish activists, doctor Tadeusz Mischke and judge Jakub Simonowicz purchased a house. In 1904, its expansion was initiated. It was carried out by architect Franciszek Skowron, interior decorator Konrad Górecki and sculptors from Zakopane, Skwarnicki and Gerasimowicz. The expansion was completed in 1905, and Polish House operated until World War II. In 1945, Soviet authorities opened here a cinema, later a music school. Currently, the complex houses Adam Mickiewicz Association of Polish Culture. Apart from Polish House, Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
also has German, Romanian and Jewish Houses. Education[edit]

Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
University Bukovinian State Medical University Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
Trade-Economics Institute of the Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics

Sports[edit] The most popular kinds of sports in Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
include archery, judo, field hockey, karate, power-lifting and orienteering.[23] Chernivtsi's baseball, hockey, and football clubs (FC Bukovyna Chernivtsi) are participants of the Ukrainian national championships. Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
has a large number of sports establishments and facilities, including 5 stadiums, 186 sports grounds, 2 tennis courts, 11 football fields, 5 skating rinks, 21 shooting galleries, 3 swimming pools, 69 gyms, 62 gyms with special training equipment and an international motorcycle racing track.[23] Over 7,950 inhabitants are members of sport clubs within the city, and more than 50,000 people participate in various sport activities.[23] Currently, 8 sportsmen from the city are the members of national teams and 12 are members of national youth teams.[23] 3 athletes from Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
were prize-winners in various world tournaments, 2 were winners of European and 42 of national championships in 2002.[23] Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
has been host to the Sidecross World Championship a number of times,[24] most recently in June 2010.[25] Transport[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (July 2012)

Rail[edit]

[

v t e

] Chernivtsi– Berehomet
Berehomet
line

Legend

( Kolomyia – Mamalyha )

0 Chernivtsi-North

1 Prut
Prut
river

2 Chernivtsi

5 Chernivtsi-South

11 Chahor platform

16 Kosmyn platform

18 Voloka platform

21 Velykyi Kuchuriv platform

24 Tysivtsi platform

28 Chervona Dibrova platform

30 Vapnyarky platform

36 Bukovyna's Hlyboka

37 Bahrynivka

42 Vadul-Siret

43 Siret
Siret
river

44 Karapchiv

Ukraine/ Romania
Romania
border

( Romanian Railways)

45 Siret
Siret
river

48 Ropcha platform

51 Kupka platform

55 Storozhynets

55 Verkhni Petrivtsi platform

57 Petrivtsi platform

58 river

59 Yizhivtsi platform

62 Klynivka platform

63 Mezhyrich

68 Komarivtsi platform

river

72 Nova Zhadova platform

75 Stara Zhadova platform

80 Nyzhni Lukivtsi platform

83 Verkhni Lukivtsi platform

89 Berehomet
Berehomet
platform

Air[edit] Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
is served by the Chernivtsi International Airport
Chernivtsi International Airport
(CWC) located south of the city centre. International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Ukraine Twin towns—Sister cities[edit] Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
is twinned with:

Country

City/Town

County / District / Region / State

Austria

Klagenfurt

Carinthia

Canada

Saskatoon

Saskatchewan

Israel

Nazareth Illit

Northern District

Poland

Konin

Konin
Konin
County

Romania

Suceava

Suceava
Suceava
County, Bucovina

Romania

Iași

Iași
Iași
County, Moldavia

Romania

Timișoara

Timiș County, Banat

United States

Salt Lake City

Utah

In February 2016 the Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
city council terminated its twinned relations with the Russian cities Bryansk
Bryansk
and Podolsk
Podolsk
due to the Ukrainian crisis.[26][27] Notable people[edit] Natives[edit]

Aharon Appelfeld
Aharon Appelfeld
(1932–2018), Jewish writer Ninon Ausländer (1895–1966), art historian and wife of Hermann Hesse Rose Ausländer (1901–1988), Jewish German-language writer Elyakim Badian (1925–2000), Israeli politician Irina Barash (born 1977), American physician Emil Bashkansky (born 1947), Israeli statistician Mara Beller (1945–2004), Jewish historian and philosopher Charles K. Bliss (1897–1985), inventor of Blissymbolics Ion Bostan (1914–1992), Romanian film director Octav Botnar (1913–1998), Romanian businessman, philanthropist, billionaire Josef Burg (1912–2009), last Yiddish
Yiddish
poet in Chernivtsi Paul Celan
Paul Celan
(1920–1970), German-language poet and translator Erwin Chargaff
Erwin Chargaff
(1905–2002), Jewish biochemist Eugen Ehrlich (1862–1922), Jewish jurist, pioneer of the field of sociology of law Natalia Fedner
Natalia Fedner
(born 1983), Ukrainian-American fashion designer Moysey Fishbeyn (born 1947), a Ukrainian poet Max Glücksmann (1875–1946), Argentine Jewish pioneer of the music and film industries Radu Grigorovici
Radu Grigorovici
(1911–2008), Romanian physicist Dmytro Hnatyuk
Dmytro Hnatyuk
(1925–2016), a Ukrainian baritone opera singer Raimund Friedrich Kaindl (1866–1930), historian of Bukovina, professor at Franz-Josef University, Czernowitz (now the University of Chernivtsi) Frederick John Kiesler
Frederick John Kiesler
(1890–1965), a theater designer, artist, theoretician and architect Ruth Klieger Aliav (1914–1979), Romanian-Israeli Jewish activist Sam Kogan (1946–2004), stage director, actor and founding principal of the Academy of the Science of Acting and Directing in London Mila Kunis
Mila Kunis
(born 1983), American actress[28] Ani Lorak
Ani Lorak
(born 1978), Ukrainian singer, songwriter, actress Eusebius Mandyczewski
Eusebius Mandyczewski
(1857–1929), Ukrainian musicologist and composer Itzik Manger (1901–1969), Yiddish
Yiddish
writer Georg Marco
Georg Marco
(1863–1923), Austrian chess player and author Volodymyr Melnykov
Volodymyr Melnykov
(born 1951), Ukrainian poet, writer and composer Jan Mikulicz-Radecki
Jan Mikulicz-Radecki
(1850–1905), Polish surgeon Dan Pagis
Dan Pagis
(1930–1986), Israeli writer Traian Popovici
Traian Popovici
(1892–1946), Romanian lawyer, mayor of Chernivtsi, and a Righteous Among the Nations
Righteous Among the Nations
for saving 20,000 Jews
Jews
during the Holocaust Iacob Pistiner, lawyer and Member of the Romanian Parliament in the interwar years Aron Pumnul
Aron Pumnul
(1818–1866), Romanian philologist and teacher, national and revolutionary activist Bernard Reder, sculptor Markus Reiner (1886–1976), one of the founders of rheology Gregor von Rezzori (1914–1998), German-language writer of Sicilian-Austrian origin Ludwig Rottenberg
Ludwig Rottenberg
(1864–1932), conductor and composer Maximilien Rubel
Maximilien Rubel
(1905–1996), Marxist historian Lev Shekhtman
Lev Shekhtman
(born 1951), Russian-American theater director and actor Ze'ev Sherf
Ze'ev Sherf
(1904–1984), Israeli Minister of Finance Jan Tabachnyk
Jan Tabachnyk
(born 1945), singer and composer Sidi Tal (1912–1983), singer and actress Inna Tsymbalyuk
Inna Tsymbalyuk
(born 1985), Ukrainian model and actress; semifinalist at Miss Universe 2006. Stefanie von Turetzki (1868–1929), founder of the first girls' grammar school in Austria–Hungary
Austria–Hungary
in Chernivtsi Viorica Ursuleac (1894–1985), Romanian opera singer (dramatic soprano) Sofia Vicoveanca (born 1941), Romanian singer of popular music from the Bukovina
Bukovina
region Roman Vlad
Roman Vlad
(1919–2013) Romanian-Italian composer, pianist, and musicologist Sydir Vorobkevych
Sydir Vorobkevych
(1836–1903) Ukrainian composer and writer Mariya Yaremchuk
Mariya Yaremchuk
(born 1993), Ukrainian singer, represented Ukraine
Ukraine
in the Eurovision Song Contest 2014 Arseniy Yatsenyuk
Arseniy Yatsenyuk
(born 1974), Ukrainian politician Frederic Zelnik (1885–1950), an important German silent movie director-producer

Residents[edit]

Moyshe Altman (1890–1981), Yiddish
Yiddish
writer Hermann Bahr Nicolae Bălan
Nicolae Bălan
(1882–1955), Romanian cleric, a metropolitan bishop of the Romanian Orthodox Church Grigore Vasiliu Birlic
Grigore Vasiliu Birlic
(1905–1970), Romanian actor Nathan Birnbaum Charles K. Bliss Nikolay Bogolyubov Traian Brăileanu
Traian Brăileanu
(1882–1947), Romanian sociologist and politician Romulus Cândea (1886–1973), Romanian ecclesiastical historian Erwin Chargaff Nicolae Cotos (1883–1959), Romanian theologian Mihai Eminescu
Mihai Eminescu
(1850–1889), Romanian poet, novelist and journalist Iancu Flondor
Iancu Flondor
(1865–1924), Romanian activist who advocated Bukovina's unifion with the Kingdom of Romania Jacob Frank
Jacob Frank
(1726–1791), Polish rabbi and founder of Frankism Ivan Franko Karl Emil Franzos
Karl Emil Franzos
(1848–1904), Jewish writer and publicist, grew up in Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
and wrote a literary memorial of the Jewish ghetto, The Jews
Jews
of Barnow Constantin Isopescu-Grecul
Constantin Isopescu-Grecul
(1871–1938), Romanian jurist, politician and journalist Gala Galaction
Gala Galaction
(1879–1961), Romanian writer Abraham Goldfaden, active here Zygmunt Gorgolewski Ion Grămadă
Ion Grămadă
(1886—1917) Romanian writer, historian and journalist Maximilian Hacman (1877–1961), Romanian jurist Hans Hahn Eudoxiu Hurmuzachi
Eudoxiu Hurmuzachi
(1812–1874) Romanian historian, politician (governor of the Duchy of Bukovina) and patriot Alexandru (Alecu) Hurmuzachi (1823–1871), Romanian politician and publisher Volodymyr Ivasyuk Joseph Kalmer Leonid Kravchuk Olha Kobylyanska Zvi Laron Anastasiya Markovich
Anastasiya Markovich
(born 1979), painter Carol Miculi (1821–1892), Romanian pianist and composer, student of Frédéric Chopin Ivan Mykolaychuk (1941–1987) Grigore Nandriș (1895–1968), Romanian linguist, philologist and memoirist Miron Nicolescu
Miron Nicolescu
(1903–1975), Romanian mathematician Ion Nistor
Ion Nistor
(1876–1962), Romanian historian and politician Dimitrie Onciul
Dimitrie Onciul
(1856–1923), Romanian historian Israel
Israel
Polack George Popovici (1863–1905), Romanian agrarian politician, jurist and poet Ciprian Porumbescu
Ciprian Porumbescu
(1853–1883), Romanian composer Aron Pumnul
Aron Pumnul
(1818–1866), Romanian philologist and teacher, national and revolutionary activist Florin Piersic
Florin Piersic
(born 1936), Romanian actor and TV personality Sextil Iosif Pușcariu (1877–1948), Romanian linguist and philologist Wilhelm Reich
Wilhelm Reich
(1897–1957), Jewish psychoanalyst and sexologist, born in Dobrzanica, went to school in Chernivtsi Eric Roll, Baron Roll of Ipsden (1907–2005), Sofia Rotaru
Sofia Rotaru
(born 1947), Romanian-Ukrainian pop singer Wojciech Rubinowicz Ion G. Sbiera (1836–1916), Romanian folklorist and historian Josef Schmidt
Josef Schmidt
(1904–1942) singer, actor and cantor Fritz von Scholz
Fritz von Scholz
(1896–1944), SS officer Joseph Schumpeter
Joseph Schumpeter
(1883–1950), economist and Minister of Finance, 1909–1911, professor in Czernowitz Wilhelm Stekel (1868–1940), Jewish psychoanalyst and sexologist, born in Boiany, Bukowina, grew up in Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
and attended the Gymnasium (grammar school) Vasile Tărâțeanu (born 1945) Romanian journalist and writer Nazariy Yaremchuk (1951–1995), Hutsul
Hutsul
singer

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

List of people from Chernivtsi

References[edit]

^ a b c Zhytariuk, Natalia. "Bukovyna Week in Austria". Den. Retrieved 26 September 2007.  ^ a b c "Bukovina. The beech tree land". Ukraine
Ukraine
Cognita. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2007.  ^ (in Ukrainian) Kaspruk win in Chernivtsi ^ a b "About number and composition population of CHERNIVTSI REGION by data All-Ukrainian Population
Population
Census '2001". Archived from the original on 26 December 2005. Retrieved 2012-12-05. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 1 July 2016.  ^ "Trypillya – a culture that was contemporaneous with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia". Welcome to Ukraine. Retrieved 27 September 2007.  ^ "City of Chernivtsi – History". The Komkon Site. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 25 September 2007.  ^ a b c d "History". Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
City Official Site. Retrieved 25 September 2007.  ^ (in Romanian) Cetatea Ţeţina – Cernăuţi, Astra, 3 (13), 1998 ^ (in Romanian)Cernăuţi-600 de ani de atestare documentară internă, Astra, 4 (54), 2008, p.3 ^ Geographical Etymology - a dictionary of place-names giving their derivations, Christina Blackie (1887) ^ "Chernivtsi". Ukrainian heraldry. Retrieved 25 September 2007.  ^ Ion Lihaciu, Czernowitz 1848–1948. Das kulturelle Leben einer Provinzmetropole, Parthenon Verlag, Kaiserslautern und Mehlingen 2012, ISBN 978-3-942994-00-2 ^ a b "Bukovina". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 26 September 2007.  ^ (in Ukrainian) Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
banned signs with the word "Russia", Ukrayinska Pravda
Ukrayinska Pravda
(4 April 2016) ^ "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). May 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2015.  ^ "CERNOVCY Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 17 December 2012.  ^ The raion was formerly named Lenin Raion. The raion was renamed in accordance with the Rivne
Rivne
Oblast Council's decision. [1][permanent dead link] ^ " Righteous Among the Nations
Righteous Among the Nations
Ceremony from Romania
Romania
Tomorrow". Yad Vashem. Archived from the original on 16 November 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2009.  ^ Міла Куніс зіграє у трилері "Чорний лебідь", Gazeta.ua (13 August 2009) (in Ukrainian) ^ Ergebnisse der Volkszählungen der K. K. Statistischen Central-Kommission u.a., in: Anson Rabinbach: The Migration of Galician Jews
Jews
to Vienna. Austrian History Yearbook, Volume XI, Berghahn Books/Rice University Press, Houston 1975, S. 46/47 (Table III) ^ "Sport & Tourism II". Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
City Official Site. Retrieved 25 September 2007.  ^ a b c d e "Sport & Tourism". Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
City Official Site. Retrieved 25 September 2007.  ^ VENUES USED IN GP 1971–2005 The John Davy Pages, accessed: 2 November 2009 ^ FIM Sidecarcross World Championship—2010 Calendar Archived 12 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine. FIM website, accessed: 30 October 2009 ^ (in Ukrainian) Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
decided to terminate the relationship with twin two Russian cities, The Ukrainian Week
The Ukrainian Week
(February 27, 2016) ^ " Podolsk
Podolsk
sister cities". Translate.google.com. Retrieved 29 April 2010.  ^ (in Ukrainian) Міла Куніс зіграє у трилері ”Чорний лебідь”, Gazeta.ua (13 August 2009)

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Chernivtsi.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chernivtsi.

Look up chernivtsi in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Czernowitz.

Information Portal
Portal
Chernivtsi "Main Page". Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
City Official Site/English. Retrieved 12 April 2010.  "Main Page". Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
City Official Site/English(mirror). Retrieved 12 December 2009.  Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
article by Vladislav Davidzon Tablet Magazine "Per le vie di Chernivtsi, città dei sogni yiddish" article by Tommy Cappellini Corriere del Ticino (Italian) Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
Photos

v t e

Administrative divisions of Chernivtsi

Administrative center: Chernivtsi

Raions

Pershotravnevyi Sadhirskyi Shevchenkivskyi

Cities

Regional

Chernivtsi

v t e

Administrative divisions of Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
Oblast

Administrative center: Chernivtsi

Raions

Hertsa Hlyboka Kelmentsi Khotyn Kitsman Novoselytsia Putyla Sokyriany Storozhynets Vyzhnytsia Zastavna

Cities

Regional

Chernivtsi Novodnistrovsk

District

Hertsa Khotyn Kitsman Novoselytsia Sokyriany Storozhynets Vashkivtsi Vyzhnytsia Zastavna

Urban-type settlements Category: Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
Oblast

v t e

 Administrative divisions of Ukraine

Capital: Kiev

Oblasts

Cherkasy Chernihiv Chernivtsi Dnipropetrovsk Donetsk Ivano-Frankivsk Kharkiv Kherson Khmelnytskyi Kiev Kirovohrad Luhansk Lviv Mykolaiv Odessa Poltava Rivne Sumy Ternopil Vinnytsia Volyn Zakarpattia Zaporizhia Zhytomyr

Cities with special status

Kiev Sevastopol1

Autonomous republic

Crimea1

Administrative centers

Cherkasy Chernihiv Chernivtsi Dnipro Donetsk Ivano-Frankivsk Kharkiv Kherson Khmelnytskyi Kiev Kropyvnytskyi Luhansk Lutsk Lviv Mykolaiv Odessa Poltava Rivne Sevastopol Simferopol Sumy Ternopil Uzhhorod Vinnytsia Zaporizhia Zhytomyr

1Claimed and controlled by Russia
Russia
as the Republic of Crimea
Republic of Crimea
and the Federal City of Sevastopol

v t e

Cities in Ukraine
Ukraine
(including Crimea) by population

City with special status City of regional significance City of district significance

1,000,000+

Kiev Kharkiv Dnipro Odessa

500,000+

Donetsk Zaporizhia Lviv Kryvyi Rih Mykolaiv

200,000+

Mariupol Luhansk Makiivka Vinnytsia Simferopol Sevastopol Kherson Poltava Chernihiv Cherkasy Sumy Horlivka Zhytomyr Kamianske Kropyvnytskyi Khmelnytskyi Rivne Chernivtsi Kremenchuk Ternopil Ivano-Frankivsk Lutsk Bila Tserkva

100,000+

Kramatorsk Melitopol Kerch Nikopol Sloviansk Berdiansk Sievierodonetsk Alchevsk Pavlohrad Uzhhorod Lysychansk Yevpatoria Yenakiieve

Crimea
Crimea
is the subject of a territorial dispute between Ukraine (Autonomous Republic of Crimea) and Russia
Russia
(Republic of Crimea)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 138394113

.