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The Info List - Cycle Speedway


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CYCLE SPEEDWAY is a form of bicycle racing on short oval dirt tracks, usually outdoors, occasionally indoors, typically 70–90 metres long. Like motorcycle speedway , riders use machines without brakes or multiple gears but, unlike motor speedway, the object is not to slide bikes round the turns. Gate during tournament in Kalety , Poland

CONTENTS

* 1 Origins * 2 Modern administration * 3 Races * 4 Indoor races * 5 International aspect * 6 References * 7 External links

ORIGINS

The origins of cycle speedway are obscure. It existed by the 1920s but appears to have taken off in the wreckage of post-war cities in Britain. With tracks cleared through the rubble, on bikes not otherwise roadworthy, and under the influence of motorcycle speedway , cycle speedway grew haphazardly as a way for young people to enjoy themselves in cities.

London, with most bomb sites, led in organising races, in 1945. There were more than 200 clubs in East London by 1950, with more than 20 in Walthamstow
Walthamstow
alone. The sport spread across the country. The Birmingham
Birmingham
league had 22 teams in its first season. Coventry
Coventry
, Leicester
Leicester
, Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
and Cradley Heath followed.

Intercity matches began in 1946. They were hampered by inconsistent rules, a problem resolved with the formation in 1950 of the National Amateur Cycle Speedway Association (NACSA). Consistent rules opened the way to national competitions and championships and then to international tournaments.

Ten thousand watched the first international between England and the Netherlands at the Empress Hall, Earls Court , London on 26 October 1950. The sport then declined as bomb sites were cleared and potential riders were drafted into the armed forces for National Service ; cycle speedway once more bec