CYCLE SPEEDWAY is a form of bicycle racing on short oval dirt tracks, usually outdoors, occasionally indoors, typically 70–90 metres long. Like motorcycle speedway , riders use machines without brakes or multiple gears but, unlike motor speedway, the object is not to slide bikes round the turns. Gate during tournament in Kalety , Poland
* 1 Origins * 2 Modern administration * 3 Races * 4 Indoor races * 5 International aspect * 6 References * 7 External links
The origins of cycle speedway are obscure. It existed by the 1920s but appears to have taken off in the wreckage of post-war cities in Britain. With tracks cleared through the rubble, on bikes not otherwise roadworthy, and under the influence of motorcycle speedway , cycle speedway grew haphazardly as a way for young people to enjoy themselves in cities.
London, with most bomb sites, led in organising races, in 1945.
There were more than 200 clubs in East London by 1950, with more than
Intercity matches began in 1946. They were hampered by inconsistent rules, a problem resolved with the formation in 1950 of the National Amateur Cycle Speedway Association (NACSA). Consistent rules opened the way to national competitions and championships and then to international tournaments.
Ten thousand watched the first international between England and the Netherlands at the Empress Hall, Earls Court , London on 26 October 1950. The sport then declined as bomb sites were cleared and potential riders were drafted into the armed forces for National Service ; cycle speedway once more bec