Cyberdog
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Cyberdog was an
OpenDoc OpenDoc is a defunct multi-platform software componentry Component-based software engineering (CBSE), also called component-based development (CBD), is a branch of software engineering that emphasizes the separation of concerns with respect ...
-based
Internet suite An Internet suite is an Internet The Internet (or internet) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks and devices. It is a ''internetworking, ...
of applications, developed by
Apple Computer Apple Inc. is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, ...
for the
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line of
operating system An operating system (OS) is system software System software is software designed to provide a platform for other software. Examples of system software include operating systems (OS) like macOS, Linux, Android (operating system), Android and Mi ...

operating system
s. It was introduced as a
beta Beta (, ; uppercase , lowercase , or cursive Cursive (also known as script, among other names) is any style of penmanship Penmanship is the technique of writing Writing is a medium of human communication that involves the represen ...
in February 1996 and abandoned in March 1997. The last version, Cyberdog 2.0, was released on April 28, 1997. It worked with later versions of
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as well as the
Mac OS 8 Mac OS 8 is an operating system that was released by Apple Inc., Apple Computer, Inc. on July 26, 1997. It includes the largest overhaul of the classic Mac OS experience since the release of System 7 (Macintosh), System 7, approximately six years ...
and
Mac OS 9 Mac OS 9 is the ninth major release of Apple Inc., Apple's classic Mac OS operating system which was succeeded by OS X. Introduced on October 23, 1999, it was promoted by Apple as "The Best Internet Operating System Ever", highlighting Sherlock ...
operating systems. Cyberdog derived its name from a cartoon in ''
The New Yorker ''The New Yorker'' is an American weekly magazine featuring journalism Journalism is the production and distribution of report Image:Hurt Report cover page.png, 220px, Example of a front page of a report A report is a document that pr ...

The New Yorker
'' captioned " On the Internet, nobody knows you're a dog."


History


Cyberdog 1

* Apple released the first beta version of Cyberdog on February 16, 1996. * Apple released Cyberdog 1.0 on May 13, 1996. * Apple released Cyberdog 1.2 on December 4, 1996.


Cyberdog 2

Apple released a first alpha version on December 21, 1996 with new features such as
frames A frame is often a structural system that supports other components of a physical construction and/or steel frame that limits the construction's extent. Frame and FRAME may also refer to: Arts and media Film and television *Frame (film), one of ...
,
cookies A cookie is a Baked goods, baked or cooked snack or Dessert, dessert that is typically small, flat and sweet. It usually contains flour, sugar, egg, and some type of Cooking oil, oil, fat, or butter. It may include other ingredients such as r ...
and animated
GIF The Graphics Interchange Format (GIF; or , see pronunciation) is a bitmap In computing Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computing machinery. It includes the study and experimentation of algor ...
support. Apple also released Cyberdog 2.0 with Mac OS 8.0, allowing Mac Runtime for Java to be utilized and also had minor bugs with OpenDoc fixed.


Overview

Cyberdog included
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email
and
news News is information Information is processed, organised and structured data Data (; ) are individual facts A fact is something that is truth, true. The usual test for a statement of fact is verifiability—that is whethe ...
readers, a
web browser A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is application software for accessing the World Wide Web. When a User (computing), user requests a web page from a particular website, the web browser retrieves the necessary content from a web ...

web browser
and
address book An address book or a name and address book is a book A book is a medium for recording information Information is processed, organised and structured data Data (; ) are individual facts, statistics, or items of information, ofte ...
management components, as well as
drag and drop In computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to Execution (computing), carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically. Modern computers can perform generic sets of operations known as Computer program, p ...
FTP The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard communication protocol A communication protocol is a system of rules that allows two or more entities of a communications system 400px, Communication system A communications system or co ...
.
OpenDoc OpenDoc is a defunct multi-platform software componentry Component-based software engineering (CBSE), also called component-based development (CBD), is a branch of software engineering that emphasizes the separation of concerns with respect ...
allowed these components to be reused and embedded in other documents by the user. For instance, a "live" Cyberdog web page could be embedded in a presentation program, one of the common demonstrations of OpenDoc. A serious problem with the OpenDoc project that Cyberdog depended on, was that it was part of a very acrimonious competition between OpenDoc consortium members and Microsoft. The members of the OpenDoc alliance were all trying to obtain traction in a market rapidly being dominated by Microsoft Office and Internet Explorer. At the same time, Microsoft used the synergy between the OS and applications divisions of the company to make it effectively mandatory that developers adopt the competing Microsoft Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) technology. OpenDoc was forced to create an interoperability layer in order to allow developers to use it, and this added a great technical burden to the project. An offspring of Cyberdog called Subwoofer had been developed in parallel and was aimed at providing software developers with a simple library for integrating web communication protocols into applications. The project was completed after the cancellation of Cyberdog and released at the
MacHack MacHack was a Apple Macintosh, Macintosh software developers conference first held in 1986 in Ann Arbor, Michigan in partnership with the University of Michigan. The conference was organized and operated by Expotech, Inc. The final (18th) MacHac ...
1997 conference b
Sari Harrison
and Frédéric Artru. Subwoofer evolved into the URL Access library shipped with Mac OS 8.6.


Cancellation

OpenDoc had several hundred developers signed up, but the timing was poor. Apple Computer was rapidly losing money at the time. Before long, OpenDoc was scrapped, with
Steve Jobs Steven Paul Jobs (; February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) was an American business magnate A business magnate is someone who has achieved great success and enormous wealth through the ownership of multiple lines of enterprise. The term ...

Steve Jobs
noting that they "put a bullet through (CyberDog's) head", and most of the team was laid off in March 1997. Other sources noted that Microsoft hired away three ClarisWorks developers who were responsible for OpenDoc integration into
ClarisWorks AppleWorks is an integrated office suite containing a word processor, database, and spreadsheet. It was developed by Rupert Lissner for Apple Computer, originally for the Apple II platform and launched in 1984, and was later reworked for the Mac ...
. AppleShare, AppleShare IP Manager from versions 5.0 to 6.2 relied on OpenDoc, but AppleShare IP 6.3, the first Mac OS 9 compatible version (released in 1999), eliminated the reliance on OpenDoc. Apple officially relinquished the last trademark on the name OpenDoc on June 11, 2005. OpenDoc had a large memory footprint for the time, and since the OS/2 (Warp 4) versions of OpenDoc were behind schedule, Cyberdog only ran on Macintosh. Moreover, saved documents were not viewable from applications which did not support OpenDoc's Bento (file format), Bento format. After Apple terminated Cyberdog along with the rest of OpenDoc, Cyberdog's web browser component grew outdated as web standards evolved. Cyberdog was once positioned as a replacement for the earlier, discontinued, Apple Open Collaboration Environment.


See also

* Safari (web browser), Safari – Apple's current web browser * Mail (OS X), Mail – Apple's current eMail client * Macintosh Finder, Finder (10.2+) – Apple later integrated FTP functionality into the Finder * Address Book (application), Address Book – Apple's system-level address book service * Network Browser – An FTP client introduced in OS 9 * Claris Emailer – Apple's earlier eMail client


References


External links

*
Cyberdog Installation
{{Internet suites Discontinued internet suites Classic Mac OS-only software made by Apple Inc. Classic Mac OS-only web browsers 1996 software Discontinued software