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Cwmystwyth
Cwmystwyth
(also Cwm Ystwyth; English: "valley of the River Ystwyth") is a village in Ceredigion, Wales
Wales
near Devil's Bridge, and Pont-rhyd-y-groes. The Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
calculates Cwmystwyth
Cwmystwyth
to be the centre point of Wales
Wales
(52°19′48.791″N 3°45′59.072″W / 52.33021972°N 3.76640889°W / 52.33021972; -3.76640889 (Centre of Wales); grid reference SN7972871704).[1]

Contents

1 History 2 Community Archive Wales
Wales
Project 3 Climate 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] See Cwmystwyth
Cwmystwyth
Mines Discovery of small, oval-shaped stone tools in the area points to the fact that it has been mined for lead since the time of ancient Britons and during Roman occupation. Documentation of mining activities occurred during the reign of Elizabeth I. She engaged the services of two German miners, then went on to sub-let to Hugh Myddleton.[2] Community Archive Wales
Wales
Project[edit] Cofnodion Cwmystwyth
Cwmystwyth
is a recently established local history group based in Cwmystwyth. The group has 14 regular members of various ages drawn from the Communities First area of Tregaron
Tregaron
Uplands, all with a passion for the history of the area. As well as including images, the archive includes transcriptions of census data, baptismal registers and log books as a means of interpreting the history of the village. In the long-term, it is hoped that the project will act as a springboard for establishment of a Cwmystwyth
Cwmystwyth
History Society which would produce materials relating to the area and eventually to the creation of a heritage centre to showcase the history of the village. Cofnodion Cwmystwyth
Cwmystwyth
joined the Community Archives Wales
Wales
project in 2007. Climate[edit] Cwmystwyth
Cwmystwyth
experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb) similar to almost all of Wales
Wales
and the United Kingdom. This translates to a narrow range of temperatures, rainfall in all seasons and low sunshine levels, particularly at upland locations such as inland Wales. The MetOffice maintains a weather station in the village, with online climate records dating back to 1959. Temperatures range from an absolute high of 32.3 °C (90.1 °F) recorded during July 2006,[3] down to an absolute low of −16.7 °C (1.9 °F), recorded during January 1963.[4] During an 'average' year, the warmest day will likely reach 26.1 °C (79.0 °F)[5] and the coldest night fall to −8.0 °C (17.6 °F).[6] In total just over 3 days[7] should record a temperature of 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or above, and 59.3 nights[8] should report an air frost. Rainfall, as one might expect for an elevated place in Wales, is high, at nearly 2000mm a year. At least 1mm will be observed on over 189 days[9] of the year, on average. All averages refer to the period 1971-2000.

Climate data for Cwmystwyth, elevation 301m, 1971-2000, extremes 1959-

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 15.1 (59.2) 16.5 (61.7) 20.6 (69.1) 23.8 (74.8) 24.5 (76.1) 29.6 (85.3) 32.3 (90.1) 30.4 (86.7) 27.8 (82) 23.8 (74.8) 18.7 (65.7) 13.3 (55.9) 32.3 (90.1)

Average high °C (°F) 5.8 (42.4) 5.9 (42.6) 7.9 (46.2) 10.1 (50.2) 13.7 (56.7) 15.8 (60.4) 18.0 (64.4) 17.9 (64.2) 15.4 (59.7) 12.2 (54) 8.6 (47.5) 6.8 (44.2) 11.51 (52.71)

Average low °C (°F) 0.9 (33.6) 0.6 (33.1) 1.7 (35.1) 2.6 (36.7) 5.3 (41.5) 8.0 (46.4) 10.2 (50.4) 10.1 (50.2) 8.1 (46.6) 5.9 (42.6) 3.1 (37.6) 1.7 (35.1) 4.85 (40.74)

Record low °C (°F) −16.7 (1.9) −13.3 (8.1) −13.9 (7) −6.6 (20.1) −3.5 (25.7) −2.2 (28) 0.6 (33.1) 0.5 (32.9) −3.0 (26.6) −3.9 (25) −7.8 (18) −11.1 (12) −16.7 (1.9)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 192.66 (7.585) 139.31 (5.4846) 158.19 (6.228) 108.73 (4.2807) 96.95 (3.8169) 115.9 (4.563) 115.69 (4.5547) 134.64 (5.3008) 150.98 (5.9441) 187.66 (7.3882) 205.77 (8.1012) 213.49 (8.4051) 1,819.97 (71.6523)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 31.9 53.4 74.3 126.4 165.5 138.9 153.6 142.6 109.7 81.5 44.4 25.4 1,147.6

Source #1: Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute[10]

Source #2: MetOffice[11]

References[edit]

^ "Saving the centre of Wales". BBC. 2002-10-24. Retrieved 2010-04-30.  ^ Jenkinson, Henry Irwin (1878). Jenkinson's Practical Guide to North Wales. Oxford University.  ^ "2006 Maximum". Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "1963 Minimum". Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "1971-2000 average warmest day". Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "average coldest night". Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "1971-2000 >25c days". Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "1971-2000 frosts". Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "1971-2000 wetdays". Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "Climate Normals 1971–2000". KNMI. Retrieved 24 Sep 2011.  ^ "Long Term Data". Metoffice. Retrieved 24 Sep 2011. 

External links[edit] Media related to Cwmystwyth
Cwmystwyth
at Wikimedia Commons

Jenkinson's Practical Guide to North Wales www.geograph.co.uk : Photos of Cwm Ystwyth and surrounding area Community Archives Wales

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Ceredigion

Principal settlements

Aberaeron Aberystwyth Cardigan Lampeter Llandysul New Quay Tregaron

Communities

Aberaeron Aberporth Aberystwyth Beulah Blaenrheidol Borth Cardigan Ceulanamaesmawr Ciliau Aeron Dyffryn Arth Faenor Y Ferwig Geneu'r Glyn Henfynyw Lampeter Llanarth Llanbadarn Fawr Llanddewi Brefi Llandyfriog Llandysiliogogo Llandysul Llanfair Clydogau Llanfarian Llanfihangel Ystrad Llangeitho Llangoedmor Llangrannog Llangwyryfon Llangybi Llangynfelyn Llanilar Llanllwchaiarn Llanrhystyd Llansantffraid Llanwenog Llanwnnen Lledrod Melindwr Nantcwnlle New Quay Penbryn Pontarfynach Tirymynach Trawsgoed Trefeurig Tregaron Troedyraur Ysbyty Ystwyth Ysgubor-y-coed Ystrad Fflur Ystrad Meurig

Towns and villages

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Llandre
(Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn) Llandyfriog Llandygwydd Llanerchaeron Llanfarian Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn Llanfihangel Ystrad Llangeitho Llangoedmor Llangrannog Llangybi Llangynfelyn Llanilar Llanon Llanrhystud Llansantffraid Llanwenog Llanwnnen Llechryd Lledrod Lovesgrove Melindwr Mwnt Oakford Penbryn Pennant Penparc Penparcau Penrhyn-coch Penuwch Peny-y-garn Ponterwyd Pontrhydfendigaid Pontrhydygroes Pont-Siân Rhydowen Rhydypennau Salem Silian Taigwynion Talgarreg Talsarn Tal-y-bont Trefeurig Tregaron Tresaith Tre-Taliesin Tre'r Ddôl Troed y Rhiw Troedyraur Upper Borth Waunfawr Y Faenor Y Ferwig Ynyslas Ysbyty Ystwyth Ystrad Aeron Ystrad Meurig Ystumtuen

Universities and colleges

Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
University Coleg Ceredigion University of Wales
Wales
Trinity Saint David

Rivers

Aeron Arth Brenig Clarach Dulas Leri Llyfnant Mynach Rheidol Teifi Wyre Ystwyth

Castles

Aberdyfi Aberystwyth Cardigan Castell Gwallter Dinerth Lampeter
Lampeter
Castle

Islands

Ynys Aberteifi (Cardigan Island) Ynys Lochtyn

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