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Cutout animation
Cutout animation
is a form of stop-motion animation using flat characters, props and backgrounds cut from materials such as paper, card, stiff fabric or even photographs. The world's earliest known animated feature films were cutout animations (made in Argentina
Argentina
by Quirino Cristiani),[citation needed] as is the world's earliest surviving animated feature.[citation needed] Today, cutout-style animation is frequently produced using computers, with scanned images or vector graphics taking the place of physically cut materials. South Park
South Park
is a notable example of the transition since its pilot episode was made with paper cutouts before switching to computer software. More complex figures depicted in cutout animation, such as in silhouette animation, often have joints made with a rivet or pin or, when they are made on a computer, an anchor. These connections act as mechanical linkage, which have the effect of a specific, fixed motion. Other notable examples include Blue's Clues, Angela Anaconda
Angela Anaconda
and, more recently, Charlie and Lola. One of the most famous animators still using traditional cutout animation today is Yuriy Norshteyn.

Contents

1 Examples

1.1 Feature films 1.2 Other (short)

2 References

Examples[edit]

For more examples, see the list of stop-motion films.

Feature films[edit]

Play media

An example of cutout animation, produced at the UK's National Media Museum

El Apóstol (1918) by Italian-Argentine cartoonist Quirino Cristiani, was also the world's first animated feature film. The Adventures of Prince Achmed
The Adventures of Prince Achmed
by Lotte Reiniger
Lotte Reiniger
(from 1926) was a silhouette animation using armatured cutouts and backgrounds which were variously painted or composed of blown sand and even soap. No. 12, also known as Heaven and Earth Magic
Heaven and Earth Magic
by Harry Everett Smith, completed in 1962, utilizes cut-out illustrations culled from 19th century catalogs. The Soviet films Lefty (1964) and Go There, Don't Know Where (1966). René Laloux's early films made use of armatured cutouts, while his first feature Fantastic Planet
Fantastic Planet
is a rare example of unarmatured cutout animation. The feature films of Karel Zeman
Karel Zeman
(Czechoslovakia) combined cutout animation and landscapes with live actors. The opening sequence of L'Armata Brancaleone
L'Armata Brancaleone
(1966), a film by Italian director Mario Monicelli, features cutout animation, made by the Italian Emanuele Luzzati. Twice Upon a Time (1983), an animated movie directed by John Korty and produced by George Lucas, uses a form of cutout animation, which the filmmakers called "Lumage," that involved prefabricated cut-out plastic pieces that the animators moved on a light table. South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut (1999) and Imaginationland: The Movie (2008) use computer animation to imitate cutout animation. Strange Frame
Strange Frame
relies primarily on an innovative cutout style combined with both traditional and 3D elements.

Other (short)[edit]

The Charley Says
Charley Says
series of British public information films extensively utilised cutout animation in its production.

Thieves of Baghdad by Noburo Ofuji (from 1926) was an early example of cutout animation, by animating chiyogami (Japanese colored paper) cut-outs.[1] The Miracle of Flight,[2] a short cutout animated clip from the famous Monty Python's Flying Circus
Monty Python's Flying Circus
- by Terry Gilliam Le merle (1958), is combination of the (white) cut-outs and (pastel) backgrounds (music is the French folksong "Mon Merle) - by Norman McLaren."[3] The Little Island (1958), a combination of both traditional animation and paper cut-out elements - by Richard Williams How Death Came to Earth (1971) - by Ishu Patel. Tabi (1973) and Shijin no Shôgai (1974), two cutout animations - by Kihachirō Kawamoto
Kihachirō Kawamoto
(who was otherwise primarily a puppet animator). Angela Anaconda, an animation combining the black-and-white photographs and cutout-styled CGI animation. South Park
South Park
used construction paper cutouts in its first episode before switching to PowerAnimator
PowerAnimator
and, later, Maya.[citation needed] Blue's Clues
Blue's Clues
used cutout animation for many of its characters. Little Bill Pigeon Street created by Alan Rogers and Peter Lang who both went on creating animations for programmes like Words and Pictures, Numbertime, Rosie and Jim
Rosie and Jim
and Hotch Potch House. Charlie and Lola
Charlie and Lola
uses a complex combination of photographic and drawn elements to imitate the collage style of the books - by Lauren Child. Joel Veitch
Joel Veitch
uses SWF cutout animation style on his website Rathergood.com. The humour animation site JibJab
JibJab
primarily uses cutout animation from photographs. It's Jerry Time is an Emmy Award
Emmy Award
winning web series that uses cutout animation in its episodes. Pre-1997 episodes of Captain Pugwash
Captain Pugwash
on BBC1. Outer Space Astronauts uses a similar technique to blend live-action and computer-generated layers in its unique animation style. King Rollo was a children's character created by David McKee
David McKee
in 1979 Uncle Grandpa
Uncle Grandpa
features a character called Giant Realistic Flying Tiger, who is animated using this technique. Nothing on You
Nothing on You
the music video use cutout animation. Pressure (Skindred song)
Pressure (Skindred song)
the music video uses cutout animation Lie Lie Lie by Serj Tankian, the music video also uses cutout animation The intro and outro themes of Charlie Chalk. The 1960 Famous Studios
Famous Studios
Modern Madcap cartoon Bouncing Benny. Mi-Mi, the Lazy Kitten from China and Tillie, the Unhappy Hippopotamus from Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
as shown on the Saturday morning kids' show the CBS Children's Film Festival which aired from 1967 to 1984. Mi-Mi used bright-colored pastels set against a white background while Tillie had done a variety of different shades of yellows, greens, and grays all done in a paisley design even before the latter became popular in the 1970s. Nintendo's Paper
Paper
Mario series used cutout animation with the characters to explore the various locations in or around the Mushroom Kingdom. Also, the commercial for the Nintendo
Nintendo
3DS game Paper
Paper
Mario: Sticker Star use cutout animation. The Japanese duo Gekidan Inu Curry's work is used the popular animated series Bakemonogatari
Bakemonogatari
and Puella Magi Madoka Magica. They were inspired by Soviet cutout features such as Hedgehog in the Fog. Hoops and Yoyo
Hoops and Yoyo
usually appear in greeting cards but they also appear in animated cartoons that use cutout animation.

References[edit]

^ Armen Boudjikanian (February 26, 2008). "Early Japanese Animation: As Innovative as Contemporary Anime". Frames Per Second Magazine. Retrieved 2008-05-05.  ^ The Miracle of Flight
The Miracle of Flight
on YouTube ^ McLaren, Norman (1958). "Le merle". NFB.ca. National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved 2009-08-31. 

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