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The Info List - Cusco Region


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CUSCO, also spelled CUZCO (Spanish pronunciation: ; Quechua : Qusqu suyu), is a region in Peru
Peru
. It is bordered by the Ucayali Region on the north; the Madre de Dios and Puno regions on the east; the Arequipa Region
Arequipa Region
on the south; and the Apurímac , Ayacucho and Junín regions on the west. Its capital is Cusco
Cusco
, the capital of the Inca Empire .

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography
Geography
* 2 Provinces * 3 Languages * 4 Toponyms * 5 Gallery * 6 See also * 7 Sources * 8 External links

GEOGRAPHY

The plain of Anta contains some of the best communal cultivated lands of the Cusco
Cusco
Region. It is located about 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) above sea level and is used to cultivate mainly high altitude crops such as potatoes , tarwi (edible lupin ), barley and quinoa .

PROVINCES

* Acomayo ( Acomayo ) * Anta (Anta) * Calca (Calca) * Canas (Yanaoca) * Canchis (Sicuani) * Chumbivilcas (Santo Tomás) * Cusco
Cusco
( Cusco
Cusco
) * Espinar (Yauri) * La Convención ( Quillabamba ) * Paruro ( Paruro ) * Paucartambo (Paucartambo ) * Quispicanchi ( Urcos
Urcos
) * Urubamba (Urubamba )

LANGUAGES

According to the 2007 Peru
Peru
Census , the language learnt first by most of the residents was Quechua (51.40%), followed by Spanish (46.86%). The Quechua variety spoken in this region is Cusco
Cusco
Quechua .

The following table shows the results concerning the language learnt first in the Cusco
Cusco
Region by province:

PROVINCE QUECHUA AYMARA ASHáNINKA ANOTHER NATIVE LANGUAGE SPANISH FOREIGN LANGUAGE DEAF OR MUTE TOTAL

Acomayo 22,262 12 2 4 3,117 - 52 25,449

Anta 36,512 42 3 10 15,248 8 132 51,955

Calca 43,008 101 4 117 18,128 13 142 61,513

Canas 32,790 31 6 11 2,910 - 40 35,788

Canchis 53,695 107 5 7 37,702 2 120 91,638

Chumbivilcas 64,087 102 9 1 6,063 2 104 70,368

Cusco 63,675 781 94 306 282,610 1,521 466 349,453

Espinar 40,594 120 8 1 18,116 6 71 58,916

La Convención 62,145 276 2,802 9,278 81,111 120 318 156,050

Paruro 26,707 53 5 1 2,192 1 42 29,001

Paucartambo 35,996 95 15 207 5,682 9 65 42,069

Quispicanchi 57,587 152 11 12 18,562 20 86 76,430

Urubamba 27,523 104 4 9 25,075 823 68 53,606

TOTAL 566,581 1,976 2,968 9,964 516,516 2,525 1,706 1,102,236

% 51.40 0.18 0.27 0.90 46.86 0.23 0.15 100.00

TOPONYMS

Many of the toponyms of the Cusco
Cusco
Region originate from Quechua and also Aymara . These names are overwhelmingly predominat throughout the region. Their Spanish-based orthography, however, is in conflict with the normalized alphabets of these languages. According to Article 20 of Decreto Supremo No 004-2016-MC (Supreme Decree) which approves the Regulations to Law 29735, published in the official newspaper El Peruano on July 22, 2016, adequate spellings of the toponyms in the normalized alphabets of the indigenous languages must progressively be proposed with the aim of standardizing the namings used by the National Geographic Institute (Instituto Geográfico Nacional, IGN) The National Geographic Institute realizes the necessary changes in the official maps of Peru.

The Ministry of Culture additionally proposes to the municipalities of the provinces to recover ancient indigenous toponyms and that these names should be spread by the local and communal authorities on posters and other signage.

GALLERY

*

Balconies and arcades at the main square in Cusco
Cusco

SEE ALSO

* Machiguenga Communal Reserve * Megantoni National Sanctuary
Megantoni National Sanctuary
* Otishi National Park

SOURCES

* ^ "Gobernador Regional del Cusco". Gobierno Regional del Cusco. Gobierno Regional del Cusco. Retrieved 8 March 2017. * ^ Official page (in Spanish) * ^ inei.gob.pe Archived January 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. INEI, Peru, Censos Nacionales 2007 * ^ A B "Decreto Supremo que aprueba el Reglamento de la Ley N° 29735, Ley que regula el uso, preservación, desarrollo, recuperación, fomento y difusión de las lenguas originarias del Perú, Decreto Supremo N° 004-2016-MC". Retrieved July 17, 2017.

EXTERNAL

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