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US$ 2.11 billion (FY 2016) [1]

Operating income

US$ 308 million

Number of employees

8,000 (2017)

Website www.curtisswright.com

The Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Corporation is an American-based, global diversified product manufacturer and service provider for the commercial, industrial, defense, and energy markets. Created in 1929 from the consolidation of Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company, (founded January 1916 by Glenn Hammond Curtiss) Wright Aeronautical (founded by Glenn L. Martin
Glenn L. Martin
and Orville Wright
Orville Wright
as Wright-Martin), and various supplier companies, by the end of World War II
World War II
it was the largest aircraft manufacturer in the United States, supplying whole aircraft in large numbers to the U.S. Armed Forces. It has since evolved away from final assembly of finished aircraft, becoming a component manufacturer specializing in actuators, aircraft controls, valves, and surface treatment services. It also is a supplier to commercial nuclear power, nuclear navy systems, industrial vehicles and to the oil and gas industries.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Merger and expansion 1.2 Defective engines sold to U.S. military in World War II 1.3 Post–World War II

2 Products

2.1 Aircraft 2.2 Curtiss Electric propellers

3 See also 4 References

4.1 Notes 4.2 Bibliography

5 External links

History[edit] Merger and expansion[edit] Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
came into existence on July 5, 1929, the result of a merger of 12 companies associated with Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company of Buffalo, New York, and Wright Aeronautical
Wright Aeronautical
of Dayton, Ohio,[2] and was headquartered in Buffalo, New York. With $75 million in capital (equivalent to 10.69 billion in 2017), it was the largest aviation company in the country.

Companies Merged[3] Owner

Wright Aeronautical
Wright Aeronautical
Corp Hoyt

Curtiss Aeroplane & Motor Co Keys

Curtiss Airports Corp. Keys

Curtiss Flying Service Keys

Curtiss Aeroplane Export Co. Keys

Curtiss-Caproni Corp. Keys

Curtiss-Robertson Airplane Mfg. Co. Keys

New York Air Terminals Hoyt

N.Y. & Suburban Airlines Hoyt

Keystone Aircraft Corp Hoyt

There were three main divisions: the Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Airplane Division, which manufactured airframes; the Wright Aeronautical
Wright Aeronautical
Corporation, which produced aircraft engines; and the Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Propeller Division, which manufactured propellers. After 1929, most engines produced by the new company were known as Wrights, while most aircraft were given the Curtiss name, with a few exceptions. Throughout the 1930s, Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
designed and built aircraft for military, commercial, and private markets. But it was the Wright engine division and the longstanding relationship with the US military that would help the company through the difficult years of the Great Depression. In 1937, the company developed the P-36 fighter aircraft, resulting in the largest peacetime aircraft order ever given by the Army Air Corps. Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
also sold the P-36 abroad, where they were used in the early days of World War II. During World War II, Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
produced 142,840 aircraft engines, 146,468 electric propellers and 29,269 airplanes.[2] Curtiss-Wright employed 180,000 workers, and ranked second among United States corporations in the value of wartime production contracts (behind only General Motors).[4][5]

The main building of the Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
company at Caldwell, New Jersey in 1941.

Curtiss-Wright: Biggest Aviation Company Expands Its Empire. This here is an overall perspective of how Curtiss-Wright's business operations in the USA stretches all across the way from St. Louis to Buffalo and how its newly-made products flow from the various factories for the US aircraft industry at that time (in particular, the map gets several things and points wrong, particularly the location of production of the C-46 aircraft, which was actually built at Buffalo and not at St. Louis). This is from an article in Life Magazine on the 15th of September in 1941.[6]

Aircraft production included almost 14,000 P-40 fighters, made famous by their use by Claire Chennault's Flying Tigers
Flying Tigers
in China, over 3,000 C-46 Commando transport aircraft, and later in the war, over 7,000 SB2C Helldivers. Its most visible success came with the P-40, variously known as the Tomahawk, Kittyhawk, and Warhawk, which were built between 1940 and 1944 at the main production facilities in Buffalo, New York. During the war, a second large plant was added at Buffalo, followed by new plants at Columbus, Ohio; St. Louis, Missouri; and Louisville, Kentucky. Engine and propeller production was at plants in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Ohio. In May 1942, the U.S. government assigned Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
a defense production factory for wartime aircraft construction at Louisville, Kentucky, to produce the C-76 Caravan cargo plane, which was constructed mostly of wood, a non-priority war material. However, after difficulties with the C-76 (including a crash of a production model in mid-1943), as well as the realization that sufficient quantities of aluminum aircraft alloys would be available for war production, plans for large-scale C-76 production were rejected.[7] The Louisville plant was converted to C-46 Commando production, eventually delivering 438 Commandos to supplement the roughly 2,500 C-46s produced at Buffalo. The C-46 cargo plane was fitted with two powerful radial engines, and could carry more cargo at higher altitudes than any other Allied aircraft. Consequently, it was used extensively in the China-Burma-India Theater. Defective engines sold to U.S. military in World War II[edit] From 1941 to 1943, the Curtiss Aeronautical plant in Lockland, Ohio produced aircraft engines under wartime contract destined for installation in U.S. Army Air Forces
U.S. Army Air Forces
aircraft.[8][9] Wright officials at Lockland insisted on high engine production levels, resulting in a significant percentage of engines that did not meet Army Air Forces (AAF) inspection standards. These defective engines were nevertheless approved by inspectors for shipment and installation in U.S. military aircraft. After investigation, it was later revealed that Wright company officials at Lockland had conspired with civilian technical advisers and Army inspection officers to approve substandard or defective aircraft engines for military use.[8][9] Army Air Forces technical adviser Charles W. Bond was dismissed by the Army in 1943 for "gross irregularities in inspection procedure."[10] Bond would later testify that he had been "wined and dined" by Wright company officials; one of those occasions was the night before Bond fired four AAF engine inspectors another AAF inspector had described as "troublemakers."[10] In 1944, three Army officers, Lt. Col. Frank Constantine Greulich of Detroit, former chief inspection officer for the material command, Major Walter A. Ryan of Detroit, former central states inspection officer, and Major William Bruckmann, a former Cincinnati brewer and resident Army inspections officer at the Wright plant in Lockland were charged with neglect of duty, conspiracy, and giving false testimony in a general court martial.[11][12][13] All three men were later convicted of neglect of duty.[13] The story of defective engines had reached investigators working for Sen. Harry Truman's congressional investigative board, the Truman Commission, after several Wright aircraft assembly workers informed on the company; they would later testify under oath before Congress.[8][9][14] Arthur Miller's play All My Sons
All My Sons
is based on this incident.[15] Post–World War II[edit] Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
failed to make the transition to design and production of jet aircraft, despite several attempts. During the war, the company had expended only small amounts on aircraft research and development, instead concentrating on incremental improvements in conventional aircraft already in wartime production. This was especially true in the first two years of the war. Curtiss' failure to research and develop more advanced wing and airframe designs provided an opening for North American, Bell, Lockheed, Northrop, and other U.S. aircraft manufacturers to submit newer and more advanced aircraft designs. The P-60, the firm's last prop-driven fighter design, was merely an extrapolation of its 1930s P-36 Hawk, offering no advantage over other designs already in service. With the rapid development of jet engine technology and near-supersonic flight, this technological lag resulted in Curtiss losing a number of critical postwar military aircraft orders. The final nail in the coffin was the choice of the Northrop F-89 Scorpion over the XF-87 Blackhawk; after the F-87 was cancelled October 10, 1948, Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
shut down its entire Aeroplane Division and sold the assets to North American Aviation. While this marked Curtiss-Wright's departure from preeminence in the aviation industry, one notable spin-off involved Curtiss-Wright's flight research laboratory, founded in 1943 near the main plant at the Buffalo airport. During divestiture of the airframe division, the lab was given to Cornell University
Cornell University
along with a cash gift to finish construction of a transonic wind tunnel. Cornell Aeronautical Labs, or CAL as it was known, was eventually spun off from the university as a private company, Calspan Corporation, which has been responsible for many subsequent innovations in flight and safety research. After the Government gave the development of the Whittle jet engine to GE, the company concentrated on reciprocating engines and propeller production for military transport and civilian airliners. With the approaching twilight of the big piston aircraft engine, Curtiss-Wright needed new design inspiration. in 1950, Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
licensed the Sapphire jet engine from Armstrong Siddeley
Armstrong Siddeley
in the U.K, and manufactured it as the Wright J65. It powered models of the Martin B-57, and several other U.S. fighter planes. Subsequent derivative engines were late, and did not find substantial markets. For a brief time, Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
licensed rights to the Wankel rotary engine from NSU in 1958 as a possible aircraft power plant. For this major innovative engineering project, Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
relied extensively on the design leadership of NSU-Wankel engineer Max Bentele. In 1954, United Airlines bought four Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
flight simulators at a cost of $3 million. These simulators were like earlier ones produced in the late 1940s for airliners with the addition of visuals, sound, and movement. They were the first of today's modern flight simulators for commercial aircraft.[16]

Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Travel Air CW-12Q at Cotswold Airport, Gloucestershire, England

In 1956, financially strapped automaker Studebaker-Packard Corporation entered into a management agreement with Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
as a means for the nation's fifth largest automobile manufacturer to avoid insolvency. The relationship lasted until 1959 at which time Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
withdrew from the agreement. The shift of civilian aircraft to jets left the company with little of its old business, and during the 1960s it shifted to components for aircraft and other types of equipment, such as nuclear submarines, a business that is still being conducted today. In 2002, Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
acquired Penny & Giles, a supplier of black boxes and sensing devices (Hybrid linear, hybrid rotary, and VRVT sensors).[17] In 2003, Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
acquired Systran Corporation, a supplier of highly specialized, high-performance data communications products for real-time systems, primarily for the aerospace and defense, industrial automation and medical image markets.[18] The acquisition also reintroduced Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
to Dayton, OH. In 2010, Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
acquired Hybricon Corporation for $19 million in cash. Hybricon is a supplier of electronic packaging for the aerospace, defense and commercial markets, and provides electronic subsystem integration.[19] In 2011, Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
acquired Ireland based Acra Control for $61 million in cash. Acra Control is a supplier of data acquisition systems and networks, data recorders and telemetry ground stations for both defense and commercial aerospace markets.[20] In the beginning of 2013, Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
acquired Exlar Corporation for $85 million in cash. Exlar, a private company, is a designer and manufacturer of highly engineered electric actuators used in motion control solutions in industrial and military markets. The acquired business will operate within Curtiss-Wright's Motion Control segment.[21] In October 2013, Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
completed the acquisition of the Parvus Corporation, a business unit of Eurotech S.p.A., for $38 million. Parvus is a leading designer and manufacturer of rugged small form factor computers and communications subsystems for the aerospace, defense, homeland security and industrial markets.[22] Products[edit] Aircraft[edit]

Curtiss Bleeker SX-5-1 Helicopter Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Junior Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
CW-3 Duckling Curtiss O-40 Raven Curtiss T-32 Condor II Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
CW-5 Travel Air 6000 Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
CW-12 Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
CW-15 Travel Air 4000 Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
CW-19 Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
CA-1 Curtiss C-46 Commando Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
CW-21 Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
CW-22 Curtiss AT-9 Curtiss P-36 Hawk Curtiss SBC Helldiver Curtiss P-40 Warhawk/Tomahawk/Kittyhawk Curtiss XP-53 Curtiss XP-46 Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
XP-55 Ascender Curtiss O-52 Owl Curtiss P-60 Curtiss XP-62 Curtiss XP-71 Curtiss SB2C Helldiver Curtiss SOC Seagull Curtiss SO3C Seamew Curtiss SC Seahawk Curtiss XF14C Curtiss XF15C Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
C-76 Caravan Curtiss XSB3C Curtiss KD2C Skeet Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
XF-87 Blackhawk Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
X-19 Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
VZ-7

Curtiss Electric propellers[edit] As well as manufacturing engines, a range of electrically actuated constant speed three- and four-bladed propellers were manufactured under the name Curtiss Electric.[23] See also[edit]

United States
United States
v. Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Export Corp., a 1936 U.S. Supreme Court case about the role of the President in foreign relations. George Conrad Westervelt Curtiss-Wright Technical Institute
Curtiss-Wright Technical Institute
in Glendale, California

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ https://finance.yahoo.com/quote/CW/financials?p=CW.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ a b " Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Corporation – Company – History".  ^ Time. 8 July 1929.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ Peck, Merton J. & Scherer, Frederic M. The Weapons Acquisition Process: An Economic Analysis (1962) Harvard Business School
Harvard Business School
p.619 ^ Herman, Arthur. Freedom's Forge: How American Business Produced Victory in World War II, p. 312, Random House, New York, NY, 2012. ISBN 978-1-4000-6964-4. ^ "Life Magazine, September 15, 1941". Google Books (LIFE Magazine Archive). Retrieved 1 August 2015.  ^ Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Aircraft Factory. The Encyclopedia of Louisville. University Press of Kentucky. 2000. Retrieved 2010-06-04.  ^ a b c Meyers, Jeffrey, The Genius and the Goddess: Arthur Miller
Arthur Miller
and Marilyn Monroe, University of Illinois Press, ISBN 978-0-252-03544-9 (2009), pp. 92–93 ^ a b c Clausen, Henry C., and Lee, Bruce, Pearl Harbor: Final Judgment, Da Capo Press, ISBN 0-306-81035-2 (2001), pp. 56–58 ^ a b Colonel Ready To Deny Neglect, The Toledo Blade, 20 April 1944, p. 2 ^ Hinton, Harold B., Air Victory: the men and the machines, New York: Harper & Bros. (1948), pp. 249–251 ^ Corning, New York Leader (5 April 1944), p. 9 ^ a b Three Air Officers 'Guilty of Neglect', Ordered Dismissed, The Milwaukee Journal, 26 April 1944, p. 33 ^ Herman, Arthur. Freedom's Forge: How American Business Produced Victory in World War II, pp. 302, 311–12, Random House, New York, NY. ISBN 978-1-4000-6964-4. ^ Herman, Arthur. Freedom's Forge: How American Business Produced Victory in World War II, p. 312, Random House, New York, NY. ISBN 978-1-4000-6964-4. ^ "Airline Pilots Fly Anywhere in the world – Without Leaving the Ground." Popular Mechanics, August 1954, p. 87. ^ PR Newswire. (1 April 2002) " Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Complete Acquisition of Spirent's Sensor and Control Assets". Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Company Website. Retrieved 21 August 2015. ^ " Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Acquires Systran Corporation". www.curtisswright.com. Retrieved 2017-06-06.  ^ Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Coroporation. (27 May 2010) " Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
to acquire Hybricon Corporation". Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Company Website. Retrieved 21 August 2015. ^ Ryan, Jim (28 July 2011) " Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Acquires Acra Control LTD" Curtiss Wright Company Website. Retrieved 21 August 2013. ^ Ryan, Jim (2 January 2013) " Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Acquires Exlar Corporation" Curtiss Wright Company Website. Retrieved 21 August 2015. ^ GlobeNewswire (2013-10-01). " Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Acquires Parvus Corporation". TheStreet. Retrieved 2017-06-06.  ^ Curtiss Electric Propeller Archived 2007-11-05 at the Wayback Machine.

Bibliography[edit]

Bowers, Peter M. Curtiss Aircraft 1907–1947. London: Putnam & Company Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-370-10029-8. Eltscher, Louis R. and Young, Edward M. Curtiss-Wright – Greatness and Decline. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1998. ISBN 0-8057-9829-3. Gunston, Bill (2006). World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines, 5th Edition. Phoenix Mill, Gloucestershire, England, UK: Sutton Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-7509-4479-X.  House, Kirk W. Curtiss Wright. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2005. ISBN 0-7385-3870-1.

External links[edit]

Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
website Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Defense Solutions website Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Flow Control website Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Industrial website Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Sensors & Controls website Curtiss-Wright
Curtiss-Wright
Surface Technologies website The Glenn Curtiss Companies: U.S. Centennial of Flight Commemoration History of the Aerospace Industry
Industry
in Buffalo, NY

v t e

Aircraft produced by Curtiss and Curtiss-Wright

Manufacturer designations

Early types

Golden Flier Reims Racer Hudson Flyer Gordon Bennett Monoplane Beachey Special

Model letters

C D E F FL G GS H HA J K L M MF N NC O JN R S T

Model numbers

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 271 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 451 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59A/59B 60 61 62 63 64 651 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 741 75 76 77 781 79 801 81 82 831 84 85 86 87 88 891 90 91 921 931 94 95 96 97 98 99

"CA" series

CA-1

"CW" series

CW-1 CW-2 CW-3 CW-4 CW-5 CW-6 CW-7 CW-8 CW-9 CW-10 CW-11 CW-12 CW-14 CW-15 CW-16 CW-17 CW-18 CW-19 CW-20 CW-21 CW-22 CW-23 CW-24 CW-25 CW-27 CW-29 CW-32

"X" series

X-100 X-200

Operator and role

Civil

Experimental

No. 1 Model C Tanager

Racers and record

No. 2 Cox Racer

Airliners

Eagle Condor 18 Condor II Kingbird Thrush Commando

Utility

Model D Model E Model F Carrier Pigeon Falcon Robin Lark 6B CW-10 CW-12 CW-15 Sedan CW-16 CW-19W

Army

    Ground attack

A-3 A-4 A-5 A-6 A-8 YA-10 A-12 YA-14 A-18 A-25 A-40 XA-43

Bombers

NBS-1 B-2 XNBS-4

Transports

XC-10 C-30 Condor C-46 Commando C-55 Commando C-76 C-113 Commando

Fighters

S 18 PN-1 PW-8 P-1 to P-6 XP-10 P-11 P-142 P-17 XP-182 XP-192 YP-20 XP-21 XP-22 XP-23 XP-31 P-36 P-37 P-40 XP-42 XP-46 XP-53 XP-55 YP-60 XP-62 XP-71 XP-87

Observation

O-1 O-11 O-12 O-13 O-16 O-18 XO-242 O-26 XO-302 O-39 O-40 O-52

Racers

R-6 R-8

Trainers

J L JN Fledgling AT-4 Hawk AT-5 Hawk BT-4 AT-9 Jeep

Experimental

X-19

Licensed

USAO-1 NBS-1/model 30

Navy

Bombers

CT BFC BF2C SBC SB2C XSB3C2 XBTC XBT2C

Fighters

HA GS TS-1 FC F2C F3C F4C F5C1 F6C F7C F8C F9C F10C F11C XF12C F13C XF14C XF15C

Observation/scout

CS/SC S2C XS3C S4C SC OC O2C O3C SOC SO2C SO3C

Trainers

N-9 N2C CW-16 SNC

Transports

RC R4C R5C

Maritime patrol

H-16 F5L HS-1L & HS-2L

Racers and record

NC CR R2C R3C

Export

Bombers

Canada CW-14 Osprey

  Martime patrol

H-2, H-4, H-8 and H-16 F5L HS-2L

Fighters

CW-172 CW-21 Demon

Trainers

Canuck CW-14 Osprey CW-16 CW-22

1 Designation skipped   2 Not built

v t e

Wright Aeronautical
Wright Aeronautical
and Lawrance Aero Engine Company aircraft engines

Wright inline engines

E Gypsy T-1 T-2 T-3 (V-1950) T-4 V-720 IV-1460 IV-1560

Lawrance radials

A-3 C-2 J-1 J-2 L-1 L-2 L-3 L-4 L-5

Wright radials

Whirlwind

R-540 R-760 R-790 R-975 R-1510 R-1670

Cyclone

R-1300 R-1750 R-1820 R-2600 R-3350 R-4090

Others

R-1200 R-2160

Wright turbojets

J59 J61 J65 J67

Wright turboprops/turbosh

.