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_KOUROPALATēS_, Latinized as _CUROPALATES_ or _CUROPALATA_ (Greek : κουροπαλάτης, from Latin : _cura palatii_ " charge of the palace") and Anglicized as CUROPALATE, was a Byzantine court title , one of the highest from the time of Emperor Justinian I (r. 527–565) to that of the Komnenoi in the 12th century. The female variant, held by the spouses of the _kouropalatai_, was _KOUROPALATISSA_.

CONTENTS

* 1 History and nature of the title * 2 List of prominent Byzantine holders * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Sources

HISTORY AND NATURE OF THE TITLE

The title is first attested (as _curapalati_) in the early 5th century, as an official of _vir spectabilis _ rank under the _castrensis palatii_, charged with the maintenance of the imperial palace (cf. Western European "majordomo "). When Emperor Justinian I (r. 527–565) made his nephew and heir Justin II _curopalates_ in 552, however, the office took on new significance, and became one of the most exalted dignities, ranking next to _Caesar _ and _nobilissimus _ and, like them, reserved initially for members of the imperial family. Unlike them, however, it later came to be granted to important foreign rulers, mostly in the Caucasus
Caucasus
. Thus, from the 580s to the 1060s, sixteen Georgian ruling princes and kings held that honorific, as well as, after 635, several Armenian dynasts.

According to the _Klētorologion _ of Philotheos, written in 899, the insignia of the rank were a red tunic , mantle and belt . Their award by the Byzantine emperor signified the elevation of the recipient to the office. By the 11th–12th century, the dignity had lost its earlier significance: it was granted as an honorary title to generals outside the imperial family, and its functions were gradually being supplanted by the _protovestiarios _, whose original role was limited to the custody of the imperial wardrobe. The title survived into the Palaiologan period , but was rarely used.

LIST OF PROMINENT BYZANTINE HOLDERS

_ Lead seal of Michael Kontostephanos , kouropalates_ and _doux _ of Antioch
Antioch
, ca. 1055

* Justin II , under his uncle Emperor Justinian I (r. 527–565). * Baduarius , under his father-in-law Emperor Justin II (r. 565–578). * Peter , the brother of Emperor Maurice (r. 582–602). * Domentziolus , the nephew of Emperor Phocas (r. 602–610). * Theodore , brother of Emperor Heraclius (r. 610–641). * Artabasdos , under Emperor Leo III the Isaurian (r. 717–741). * Michael I Rangabe , the son-in-law of Emperor Nikephoros I (r. 802–811). * Bardas , uncle and effective regent for Emperor Michael III (r. 842–867). * Leo Phokas , general and brother of Emperor Nikephoros II Phokas (r. 963–969).

SEE ALSO

* Darigbed , the Sassanian equivalent

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Kazhdan 1991 , p. 1157. * ^ _A_ _B_ Toumanoff 1963 , pp. 202, 388. * ^ Bury 1911 , p. 33. * ^ Evans, James Allan (23 June 1999). "An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors: Justin II (565–579 A.D.)". Retrieved 17 September 2011. * ^ Rapp 2003 , p. 374. * ^ Bury 1911 , p. 22. * ^ Holmes 2005 , p. 87. * ^ Kazhdan 1991 , p. 1749. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ _H_ Bury 1911 , p. 34. * ^ Martindale, Jones border:solid #aaa 1px">

* _ Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
portal

* Bury, John Bagnell (1911). The Imperial Administrative System of the Ninth Century - With a Revised Text of the Kletorologion of Philotheos_. London: Oxford University Press. * Holmes, Catherine (2005). _Basil II and the Governance of Empire (976–1025)_. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-927968-5 . * Kazhdan, Alexander , ed. (1991). _The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium _. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6 . * Martindale, John Robert; Jones, Arnold Hugh Martin; Morris, J., eds. (1992). _The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Volume III: A.D. 527–641_. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-20160-5 . * Rapp, Stephen H. (2003). _Studies In Medieval Georgian Historiography: Early Texts And Eurasian Contexts_. Louvain, Belgium: Éditions Peeters. ISBN 90-429-1318-5 . * Toumanoff, Cyril (1963). _Studies in Christian Caucasian History_. Washington, District of Columbia: Georgetown University Press.

* v * t * e

_On the order of the palace offices_, after pseudo-Kodinos

* _Despotes _ * _ Sebastokrator _ * _Caesar _ * _Megas domestikos _ * _ Panhypersebastos _ * _ Protovestiarios _ * _ Megas doux _ * _ Protostrator _ * _ Megas logothetes _ * _Megas stratopedarches _ * _Megas primmikerios _ * _Megas konostaulos _ * _ Protosebastos _ * _ Pinkernes _ * _Kouropalates_ * _ Parakoimomenos tes sphendones_ * _ Parakoimomenos tou koitonos_ * _ Logothetes tou genikou _ * _Protovestiarites _ * _ Domestikos tes trapezes _ * _ Epi tes trapezes _ * _ Megas papias _ * _Eparchos _ * _Megas droungarios tes vigles _ * _ Megas hetaireiarches _ * _Megas chartoullarios _ * _ Logothetes tou dromou _ * _ Protasekretis _ * _Epi tou stratou _ * _ Mystikos _ * _ Domestikos ton scholon _ * _Megas droungarios tou stolou _ * _Primmikerios tes aules _ * _ Protospatharios _ * _ Megas archon _ * _ Tatas tes aules _ * _ Megas tzaousios _ * _Praitor tou demou _ * _ Logothetes ton oikeiakon _ * _Megas logariastes _ * _ Protokynegos _ * _ Skouterios _ * _ Ameralios _ * _ Epi ton deeseon _ * _Koiaistor _ * _Megas adnoumiastes _ * _ Logothetes tou stratiotikou _ * _ Protoierakarios _ * _ Logothetes ton agelon _ * _Megas diermeneutes _ * _ Akolouthos _ * _Krites tou phossatou _ * _Archon tou allagiou _ * _Protallagator _ * _Megas dioiketes _ * _ Orphanotrophos _ * _ Protonotarios _ * _Epi ton anamneseon _ * _ Domestikos ton teicheon _ * _Prokathemenos _ of the _koiton_ * _Prokathemenos _ of the _vestiarion _ * _Vestiariou _ * _