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Culham railway station serves the village of Culham in Oxfordshire, England. It is on the Cherwell Valley Line between Reading and Banbury, 56 miles 17 chains (90.5 km) measured from London Paddington. It is served by local train services provided by Great Western Railway.

The station is just off the A415 road, between the villages of Culham and Clifton Hampden.

The station is close to the site of RNAS Culham (HMS Hornbill), a Second World War airfield. The former airfield is now the Culham Science Centre, an 80 hectares (200 acres) scientific research site and home to two nuclear fusion experiments JET and MAST. The START Nuclear Fusion Experiment was also conducted on the site until MAST succeeded it in 1999.

History

The Great Western Railway opened the station on the DidcotOxford line as Abingdon Road on 12 June 1844. Its name was changed by the GWR to Culham, on 2 June 1856, on the opening of the branch from Abingdon Junction to Abingdon.

The original station building (no longer in railway use) is in the Tudor Revival architecture of Isambard Kingdom Brunel[1] and is a Grade II* listed building.

The name Abingdon Road was later re-used for an entirely different station about 5.5 miles (9 km) to the north, Abingdon Road Halt, opened in 1908.

In some recent years passenger numbers using Culham have changed rapidly. The total increased 67% in the three years 2006–09, but then decreased slightly in 2010.[2]

Services

The service from here is irregular outside of weekday peak periods, with sizeable gaps between calls in both directions. The peak service is more frequent (roughly half-hourly southbound in the morning and northbound in the evening). No trains call on Sundays.[3]

Routes

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Radley   Great Western Railway
Cherwell Valley Line
  Appleford
Disused railways
Abingdon Junction   Great Western Railway
Cherwell Valley Line
  Appleford

References

  1. ^ Biddle, Gordon; Nock, O.S. (1983). The Railway Heritage of Britain. Michael Joseph. ISBN 0-7181-2355-7. 
  2. ^ Office of the Rail Regulator data: see infobox at head of article.
  3. ^ Table 116 National Rail timetable, May 2016

External links

Coordinates: 51°39′14″N 1°14′13″W / 51.654°N 1.237°W / 51.654; -1.237