Croydon is a large town in the south of Greater London, England, 9.5
miles (15.3 km) south of Charing Cross. The principal settlement
in the London Borough of Croydon, it is one of the largest commercial
districts outside Central London, with an extensive shopping district
and night-time economy. Its population of 52,104 at the 2011 census
includes the wards of Addiscombe, Broad Green, and Fairfield.
Historically part of the hundred of Wallington in the county of
Surrey, at the time of the Norman conquest of
Croydon had a
church, a mill, and around 365 inhabitants, as recorded in the
Domesday Book of 1086.
Croydon expanded in the
Middle Ages as a
market town and a centre for charcoal production, leather tanning and
Surrey Iron Railway
Surrey Iron Railway from
Wandsworth opened in
1803 and was the world's first public railway. Later nineteenth
century railway building facilitated Croydon's growth as a commuter
town for London. By the early 20th century,
Croydon was an important
industrial area, known for car manufacture, metal working and Croydon
Airport. In the mid 20th century these sectors were replaced by
retailing and the service economy, brought about by massive
redevelopment which saw the rise of office blocks and the Whitgift
Centre, the largest shopping centre in London until 2008.
Greater London in 1965.
Croydon lies on a transport corridor between central London and the
south coast of England, to the north of two gaps in the North Downs,
one followed by the A23
Brighton Road through Purley and
the main railway line and the other by the A22 from Purley to the M25
Godstone interchange. Road traffic is diverted away from a largely
pedestrianised town centre, mostly consisting of North End. East
Croydon is a major hub of the national railway transport system, with
frequent fast services to central London,
Brighton and the south
coast. The town is unique in
Greater London for its
rail transport system.
1.2 Early history
1.3 Industrial Revolution and the railway
1.4 A growing town
1.5 Modern Croydon
2.2 Modern governance
3 Public services
7 Sport and leisure
7.1 Parks and open spaces
7.2 Clubs and teams
8.6 River Wandle
8.7 Croydon's early transport links
9 Notable people
12 Further reading
13 External links
The earliest detailed map of Croydon, drawn by the 18-year-old
Jean-Baptiste Say in 1785. The early settlement of Old Town,
including the parish church (marked B) lies to the west; while the
triangular medieval marketplace, probably associated with Archbishop
Kilwardby's market charter of 1276, is clearly visible further east,
although by this date it has been infilled with buildings.
As the vast majority of place names in the area are of Anglo-Saxon
origin, the theory accepted by most philologists is that the name
Croydon derives originally from the Anglo-Saxon croh, meaning
"crocus", and denu, "valley", indicating that, like
Saffron Walden in
Essex, it was a centre for the cultivation of saffron. It has
been argued that this cultivation is likely to have taken place in the
Roman period, when the saffron crocus would have been grown to supply
the London market, most probably for medicinal purposes, and
particularly for the treatment of granulation of the eyelids.
There is also a plausible Brittonic origin for
Croydon in the form
"Crai-din" meaning "settlement near fresh water" (Cf "Creuddyn"
Cardiganshire), the name Crai (variously spelled) being found in Kent
at various places even as late as the Domesday Book.
Alternative, although less probable, theories of the name's origin
have been proposed. According to John Corbett Anderson, "The
earliest mention of
Croydon is in the joint will of Beorhtric and
Aelfswth, dated about the year 962. In this Anglo-Saxon document the
name is spelt (here he uses original script) Crogdaene. Crog was, and
still is, the Norse or Danish word for crooked, which is expressed in
Anglo-Saxon by crumb, a totally different word. From the Danish came
our crook and crooked. This term accurately describes the locality; it
is a crooked or winding valley; in reference to the valley that runs
in an oblique and serpentine course from
Godstone to Croydon."
Anderson refuted a claim, originally cited by Andrew Coltee Ducarel,
that the name came from the Old French for "chalk hill", because the
name was in use at least a century before the French language would
have been commonly used following the Norman Invasion. However, there
was no long-term Danish occupation (see Danelaw) in Surrey, which was
part of Wessex, and Danish-derived nomenclature is also highly
unlikely. More recently, David Bird has speculated that the name might
derive from a personal name, Crocus: he suggests a family connection
with the documented Chrocus, king of the Alemanni, who allegedly
played a part in the proclamation of Constantine as emperor at York in
The town lies on the line of the Roman road from London to Portslade,
and there is some archaeological evidence for small-scale Roman
settlement in the area: there may have been a mansio (staging-post)
here. Later, in the 5th to 7th centuries, a large pagan
Saxon cemetery was situated on what is now Park Lane, although the
extent of any associated settlement is unknown.
By the late Saxon period
Croydon was the hub of an estate belonging to
the Archbishops of Canterbury. The church and the archbishops' manor
house occupied the area still known as "Old Town". The archbishops
used the manor house as an occasional place of residence: as lords of
the manor they dominated the life of the town well into the early
modern period, and as local patrons they continue to have an
Croydon appears in
Domesday Book (1086) as Croindene,
held by Archbishop Lanfranc. Its Domesday assets were: 16 hides and 1
virgate; 1 church, 1 mill worth 5s, 38 ploughs, 8 acres (3.2 ha)
of meadow, woodland worth 200 hogs. It rendered £37 10s 0d.
Surrey Street Market
Surrey Street Market has had a presence on this site for centuries
The church had been established in the middle Saxon period, and was
probably a minster church, a base for a group of clergy living a
communal life. A charter issued by King
Coenwulf of Mercia
Coenwulf of Mercia refers to a
council that had taken place close to the monasterium (meaning
minster) of Croydon. An Anglo-Saxon will made in about 960 is
witnessed by Elfsies, priest of Croydon; and the church is also
mentioned in Domesday Book. The will of John de Croydon, fishmonger,
dated 6 December 1347, includes a bequest to "the church of S John de
Croydon", the earliest clear record of its dedication. The church
still bears the arms of Archbishop Courtenay and Archbishop Chichele,
believed to have been its benefactors.
Croydon Palace in 1785
In 1276 Archbishop
Robert Kilwardby acquired a charter for a weekly
market, and this probably marks the foundation of
Croydon as an urban
Croydon developed into one of the main market towns of
north east Surrey. The market place was laid out on the higher ground
to the east of the manor house in the triangle now bounded by High
Surrey Street and Crown Hill. By the 16th century the manor
house had become a substantial palace, used as the main summer home of
the archbishops and visited by monarchs and other dignitaries. The
original palace was sold in 1781, by then dilapidated and surrounded
by slums and stagnant ponds, and a new residence, at nearby Addington,
purchased in its place. Many of the buildings of the original Croydon
Palace survive, and are in use today as Old Palace School.
The Grade I listed
Croydon Minster parish church
The Parish Church (now
Croydon Minster) is a Perpendicular-style
church, which was remodelled in 1849 but destroyed in a great fire in
1867, following which only the tower, south porch, and outer walls
remained. A new church was designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott, one
of the greatest architects of the Victorian age, and opened in 1870.
His design loosely followed the previous layout, with knapped flint
facing and many of the original features, including several important
Croydon Parish Church is the burial place of six Archbishops of
Canterbury: John Whitgift, Edmund Grindal, Gilbert Sheldon, William
Wake, John Potter and Thomas Herring. Historically part of the Diocese
Croydon is now in the Diocese of Southwark. In addition
to the suffragan Bishop of Croydon, the Vicar of
Croydon is an
The Grade I listed "Whitgift Hospital" almshouses in the centre of
The Grade II listed West
Croydon Baptist Church
The Grade I listed Parish Church of St Michael and All Angels, West
Addington Palace is a Palladian-style mansion between Addington
Village and Shirley, in the London Borough of Croydon. Six archbishops
lived there between 1807 and 1898, when it was sold. Between 1953 and
1996 it was the home of the Royal School of Church Music. It is now a
conference and banqueting venue.
Croydon was a leisure destination in the mid 19th century. In 1831,
one of England's most prominent architects, Decimus Burton, designed a
spa and pleasure gardens below Beulah Hill and off what is now Spa
Hill in a bowl of land on the south-facing side of the hill around a
spring of chalybeate water. Burton was responsible for the Beulah Spa
Hotel (demolished around 1935) and the layout of the grounds. Its
official title was The Royal Beulah Spa and Gardens. It became a
popular society venue attracting crowds to its fêtes. One widely
publicised event was a "Grand Scottish Fete" on 16 September 1834
"with a tightrope performance by Pablo Fanque, the black circus
performer who would later dominate the Victorian circus and achieve
The Beatles song, Being for the Benefit of Mr.
Kite!" The spa closed in 1856 soon after the opening nearby of The
Crystal Palace which had been rebuilt on
Sydenham Hill in 1854,
following its success at the
Great Exhibition in Hyde Park. It was
destroyed in a spectacular fire in 1936.
Horse racing in the area took place occasionally, notably during
visits of Queen
Elizabeth I to the archbishop. Regular meetings became
established first on a course at Park Hill in 1860 and from 1866 at
Woodside, where particularly good prizes were offered for the races
National Hunt rules. In that sphere its prestige was second
only to that of Aintree, home of the Grand National. Increasing local
opposition to the presence of allegedly unruly racegoers coupled with
the need to obtain a licence from the local authority led to it being
closed down in 1890.
The Elizabethan Whitgift Almshouses, the "
Hospital of the Holy
Trinity", in the centre of
Croydon at the corner of North End and
George Street, were erected by Archbishop John Whitgift. He petitioned
for and received permission from Queen
Elizabeth I to establish a
hospital and school in
Croydon for the "poor, needy and impotent
people" from the parishes of
Croydon and Lambeth. The foundation stone
was laid in 1596 and the building was completed in 1599.
The premises included the
Hospital or Almshouses, providing
accommodation for between 28 and 40 people, and a nearby schoolhouse
and schoolmaster's house. There was a Warden in charge of the
well-being of the almoners. The building takes the form of a courtyard
surrounded by the chambers of the almoners and various offices.
Threatened by various reconstruction plans and road-widening schemes,
the Almshouses were saved in 1923 by intervention of the House of
Lords. On 21 June 1983 Queen Elizabeth II visited the Almshouses and
unveiled a plaque celebrating the recently completed reconstruction of
the building. On 22 March each year the laying of the foundation stone
is commemorated as Founder's Day.
The Grade II listed West
Croydon Baptist Church was built in 1873 by
one J Theodore Barker. It is a red brick building with stone
dressings. Its three bays are divided by paired Doric pilasters
supporting a triglyph frieze and panelled parapet.
The Parish Church of St Michael and All Angels by J L Pearson in West
Croydon was built between 1880 and 1885, and is Grade I listed.
Industrial Revolution and the railway
The Grade II listed
Surrey Street Pumping Station, Croydon
The development of
Brighton as a fashionable resort in the 1780s
increased the significance of Croydon's role as a halt for stage
coaches on the road south of London. At the beginning of the 19th
Croydon became the terminus of two pioneering commercial
transport links with London. The first, opened in 1803, was the
Surrey Iron Railway
Surrey Iron Railway from Wandsworth, which in 1805 was
extended to Merstham, as the Croydon,
The second, opened in 1809, was the
Croydon Canal, which branched off
Grand Surrey Canal
Grand Surrey Canal at Deptford. The
London and Croydon Railway
London and Croydon Railway (an
atmospheric and steam-powered railway) opened between London Bridge
Croydon in 1839, using much of the route of the canal (which
had closed in 1836). Other connections to London and the south
The arrival of the railways and other communications advances in the
19th century led to a 23-fold increase in Croydon's population between
1801 and 1901. This rapid expansion of the town led to considerable
health problems, especially in the damp and overcrowded working class
district of Old Town. In response to this, in 1849
Croydon became one
of the first towns in the country to acquire a Local board of health.
The Board constructed public health infrastructure including a
reservoir, water supply network, sewers, a pumping station and sewage
Surrey Street Pumping Station is Grade II listed; it was built in
four phases. starting with the engine house in 1851, with a further
engine house in 1862, a further extension in 1876-7 to house a
compound horizontal engine and a further extension in 1912.
A growing town
Allders building in 1983
Shopping parade in North End, Croydon
Croydon was incorporated as a borough. In 1889 it became a
county borough, with a greater degree of autonomy. The new county
borough council implemented the
Croydon Improvement scheme in the
early 1890s, which widened the High Street and cleared much of the
'Middle Row' slum area. The remaining slums were cleared shortly after
Second World War, with much of the population relocated to the
isolated new settlement of New Addington. New stores opened and
expanded in central Croydon, including Allders, Kennards and Grade II
listed Grants, as well as the first
Sainsbury's self-service shop in
the country. There was a market on
Croydon was the location of London's main airport until the Second
World War. During the war, much of central
Croydon was devastated by
German V-1 flying bombs and V-2 rockets, and for many years the town
bore the scars of the destruction. After the war, Heathrow Airport
Croydon Airport as London's main airport, and Croydon
Airport quickly went into a decline, finally closing in 1959.
By the 1950s, with its continuing growth, the town was becoming
congested, and the Council decided on another major redevelopment
Croydon Corporation Act was passed in 1956. This, coupled
with national government incentives for office relocation out of
London, led to the building of new offices and accompanying road
schemes through the late 1950s and 1960s, and the town boomed as a
business centre in the 1960s, with many multi-storey office blocks, an
underpass, a flyover and multi-storey car parks.
Croydon celebrated its millennium with a pageant held at Lloyd
Park and an exhibition held at the old
See also: Economy of Croydon
No. 1 Croydon, formerly the NLA Tower.
The growing town attracted many new buildings. The Fairfield Halls
arts centre and event venue opened in 1962.
Croydon developed as an
important centre for shopping, with the construction of the Whitgift
Centre in 1969.
No. 1 Croydon
No. 1 Croydon (formerly the NLA Tower) designed by
Richard Seifert & Partners was completed in 1970. The Warehouse
Theatre opened in 1977.
The 1990s saw further changes intended to give the town a more
attractive image. These included the closure of North End to vehicles
in 1989 and the opening of the
Croydon Clocktower arts centre in 1994.
An early success of the Centre was the "Picasso's
exhibition of March–May 1995.
Tramlink began operation in May 2000 (see Transport
The Prospect West office development was built in 1991 to 1992, and
its remodelling planned in 2012 has now been completed. Renamed
Croydon when it was reopened in 2014, the 180,000 square
foot office development was the first new grade A office development
of its size to open in
Croydon for more than 20 years.
Another large shopping centre, Centrale, opened in 2004 opposite the
Whitgift Centre, and adjoining the smaller Drummond Centre. House of
Debenhams are the anchor stores in the combined centre. In
addition, there are plans for a large, new one billion pound shopping
centre, in the form of a new Westfield shopping mall to add to the two
which the company currently has in Greater London; Westfield plans to
work jointly with Hammersons and to incorporate the best aspects of
the two companies' designs. In November 2017,
Croydon Council gave
permission for the new Westfield shopping centre to be built and in
January 2018, the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, approved the
regeneration scheme. Work to demolish the existing Whitgift Centre
will begin in 2018 and Westfield
Croydon is currently expected to open
by 2022. There are several other major plans for the town including
the redevelopment of the
Croydon Gateway site; and extensions of
Tramlink to Purley Way, Streatham,
Lewisham and Crystal Palace.
Apart from its very large central shopping district,
Croydon has a
number of smaller shopping areas, especially towards the southern end
of the town, where restaurants are located. Two of Croydon's
restaurants are listed in The Good Food Guide.
Saffron Square luxury apartment development
Croydon has many tall buildings such as the former
Nestlé Tower (St
George's House), and is considered to be Greater London's third main
central business district, after the Square Mile and the Docklands,
and southern Greater London's main business centre. The London
Borough of Croydon's strategic planning committee in February 2013
gave the go-ahead to property fund manager Legal and General
Property's plans to convert the empty 24-storey St George's House
office building, occupied by Nestlé until September 2012, into 288
Croydon area has several hospitals: the main one is Croydon
Hospital in London Road.
The Mayor of London, Boris Johnson, has said he would support Croydon
being granted city status and announced £23m of additional
funding to help redevelop the town at the Develop
on 22 November 2011.
Several apartment developments, for instance
Altitude 25 (completed
2010), have been built in recent years, and several more are being
built or planned. The construction of
Saffron Square, which
includes an iconic 43-storey tower, began on
Wellesley Road in 2011
and was completed in 2016. Other developments with towers over 50
floors high have been given planning approval. These include the
54-storey "Menta Tower" in Cherry Orchard Road near East Croydon
station, and a 55-storey tower at One Lansdowne Road, on which
construction was set to begin in early 2013. The latter is set to be
Britain's tallest block of flats, including office space, a four-star
hotel and a health club.
In May 2012 it was announced that
Croydon had been successful in its
bid to become one of twelve "Portas Pilot" towns, and would receive a
share of £1.2m funding to help rejuvenate its central shopping
In November 2013, Central
Gavin Barwell gave a presentation
at a public meeting on the
Croydon regeneration project, detailing
various developments underway due to be completed in coming years.
On 26 November 2013,
Croydon Council approved a redevelopment of the
Town Centre by The
Croydon Partnership, a joint venture by The
Westfield Group and Hammerson. London Mayor Boris Johnson
approved the plan the following day. The
Croydon Advertiser listed
the approval as an "Historic Night for Croydon".
In 2015 it was announced that a
Boxpark branch comprising shops,
restaurants and bars would open in Croydon. The London Evening
Standard said that this and other developments were reviving the town
which was in the process of gentrification.
The town is expected to see changes as part of
Croydon Vision 2020, an
urban planning initiative.
Croydon Town Hall, as seen from Katharine Street
View of Town Hall detailing from Katharine Street
For centuries the area lay within the Wallington hundred, an ancient
Anglo-Saxon administrative division of the county of Surrey. In
Middle Ages – probably from the late 13th century onwards
– residents of the town of Croydon, as defined by boundary markers
known as the "four crosses", enjoyed a degree of self-government
through a town court or portmote, and a form of free tenure of
property. These privileges set the area of the town apart from its
rural hinterland, where the more usual and more restrictive rules of
manorial tenure applied. However,
Croydon did not hold any kind of
formal borough status.
In 1690, the leading inhabitants petitioned William III and Mary for
Croydon to be incorporated as a borough. The application was initially
approved, the King authorising the drafting of a charter, but the
process was then abruptly halted, apparently through the intervention
of Archbishop John Tillotson, who probably feared a threat to his own
authority over the town. The application was revived the following
year, when Queen Mary again authorised a charter, but once again it
was abandoned. A second petition in 1707 was effectively
Croydon's growth in the 19th century brought the issue of
incorporation back on to the political agenda, and in 1883 the ancient
parish of Croydon, apart from its exclave of
Croydon Crook or Selsdon,
was created a municipal borough within Surrey. In 1889, because the
population was high enough, it was made a county borough, exempt from
In 1965 the
County Borough of Croydon
County Borough of Croydon was abolished and the area was
Greater London and combined with the
Purley Urban District to form the London Borough of Croydon.
In recent decades, the borough has on several occasions sought city
status. (This would be a purely honorific change of title, making no
practical difference to the borough's governance.) A draft petition
was submitted by the County Borough to the
Home Office in 1951, a more
formal petition in 1954, and two more applications in 1955 and 1958.
When the London Borough was created in 1965, the Council endeavoured
to have it styled a City, as was the City of Westminster. Further bids
for city status were made in 1977, 1992, 2000, 2002, and 2012. All
have failed. The borough's predominant argument has always been its
size: in 2000 it pointed out that it was "the largest town which does
not have the title of City in the whole of Western Europe". The
grounds on which it has been turned down have invariably been that it
is (as was stated in 1992) merely "part of the London conurbation,
rather than a place with a character and identity of its own".
Undeterred, council representatives have more than once described
Croydon as "a city in all but name".
London Borough of Croydon
London Borough of Croydon has a Labour controlled council with 40
Labour councillors and 30 Conservative councillors elected on 22 May
Most of the town centre lies within the
Addiscombe and Fairfield
wards, which form part of the
Croydon Central constituency. The
rest of the town centre is in the Croham ward, which is part of the
Croydon South constituency. These wards are all in the London Borough
of Croydon, which is responsible for services along with other
agencies such as education, refuse collection, road maintenance, local
planning and social care. The
Addiscombe ward is currently represented
by Labour Councillors . The Fairfield and Croham wards have, by
contrast, habitually elected Conservative members. The area also forms
part of the London constituency of the European Parliament. The
sitting Member of Parliament for
Croydon Central is Sarah Jones, a
member of the Labour Party. The sitting Member of Parliament for
Croydon South is Chris Philp, a member of the Conservatives. The
Member of Parliament for
Croydon North is Steve Reed, for the Labour
The territorial police force is the Metropolitan Police. Their Croydon
Police Station is on Park Lane opposite the
Croydon Flyover .
The statutory fire and rescue service in
Croydon is the London Fire
Brigade (LFB) who have a fire station in Old Town, with two pumping
The nearest hospital is in nearby
Thornton Heath and called Croydon
Hospital (formerly known as Mayday
which is part of
Croydon Health Services NHS Trust. The London
Ambulance Service provides the ambulance service.
Fairfield ward, which is the major ward covering the central town, was
40% White British, 16% Indian, and 10% Other White in the 2011
census. In addition, the Broad Green ward was 23% White British,
13% Indian, 13% Other Asian, and 11% Black African. The Addiscombe
ward was 45% White British and 10% Other White.
The Grade II listed Wrencote House, High Street, Croydon
Victorian architecture in
Croydon High Street
A view of Wellesley Road
Croydon town centre is near the centre of the borough of Croydon, to
the north of the
North Downs and the
Pilgrims' Way path. To the north
Croydon are typical London districts, whereas a short distance
southeast (such as Coombe and Selsdon) is green, hilly and rural land.
To the west are industrial areas, going inside the London Borough of
Sutton. The southern suburbs are mainly affluent.
The town is bordered by
Waddon immediately southwest of central
Croydon. To the west, inside the
London Borough of Sutton
London Borough of Sutton lies
Beddington. To the north are Broad Green,
Thornton Heath and Selhurst.
To the south lies South Croydon, and going further south are Purley
and Sanderstead. To the east lie
Addiscombe and Shirley.
Croydon High Street runs from
South Croydon up to the point where it
meets the street called North End. North End is the main shopping
Croydon High Street is the main restaurant quarter.
The High Street is also home to Wrencote House, a Grade II* listed
building. Dating from the late 17th or early 18th centuries, and
probably built as a merchant's house, it has a distinctive "H" plan
form over its four floors (including basement and attic storey).
External features include a rich red brick facade with black headers,
and a heavily carved and enriched wooden eaves cornice.
Wellesley Road on the
A212 road forms a north-south axis through the
town centre. In line with
London Plan policy, there have been a number
of proposals to create greater integration between East Croydon
station, which lies on one side of the A212, and the town centre of
Croydon, which lies on the other side of it.
Croydon Vision 2
to tackle this though such solutions as making the road easier for
pedestrians to cross by creating a centre island pathway.
The Fairfield Halls, Croydon's entertainment complex
There are several arts venues. Foremost is the Fairfield Halls, opened
in 1962, which consists of a large concert hall frequently used for
BBC recordings, the
Ashcroft Theatre and the Arnhem Gallery. Fairfield
is the home of the London Mozart Players. Many famous faces have
appeared at the Fairfield Halls, including The Beatles, Bucks Fizz,
Omid Djalili, Robert Cray, JLS, Chuck Berry, BB King, Don McLean, The
Monkees, Johnny Cash, Dionne Warwick, Gladys Knight, Morecambe and
Wise, Tom Jones, The Stylistics, Status Quo, Level 42, A-HA, John
Mayall, Jools Holland, Kenny Rogers, James Last, and Coolio. The main
concert hall was used for the conference scene in the
Ron Howard film
The Da Vinci Code (2006).
Croydon Clocktower Arts Centre
Croydon Clocktower, built by the
London Borough of Croydon
London Borough of Croydon in the
mid-1990s, houses a state-of-the-art library, a performance venue in
the old reference library, the
David Lean Cinema
David Lean Cinema and the Museum of
Croydon. The building links into the Town Hall and some areas of the
building, most notably the Braithwaite Hall, are part of the original
town hall and library complex, built in 1892–1896 to a design by
Charles Henman. A bronze statue of
Queen Victoria was erected
outside the buildings in 1903.
Warehouse Theatre (which closed in 2012), was a studio theatre
known for promoting new writing, comedy and youth theatre. It had to
close because of the major
Ruskin Square redevelopment, but will
re-open in the future in a new larger theatre building within the new
The Pembroke Theatre had many productions with well-known actors
before its closure in about 1962.
There are several local and small venues for comedy and community
events dotted around
Croydon and its districts.
Croydon Youth Theatre
Organisation celebrated its 40th birthday in 2005. There are several
community arts groups, particularly in the large Asian community.
The Spreadeagle, central Croydon, which also houses the theatre of the
same name that opened in 2013
The Spread Eagle Theatre
The Spread Eagle Theatre is a new 50-seat studio theatre. Opened in
October 2013, it is situated in the town centre, 10 minutes' walk from
Croydon Station. The Spread Eagle works closely with its sister
venue, the Old Joint Stock Theatre in Birmingham. Both venues champion
'big plays for small spaces' with an emphasis on new writing,
supporting emerging artists and theatre companies.
A calendar titled "Rare Roundabouts of Croydon", with a picture of a
Croydon roundabout each month, has enjoyed some success.
Croydon is the setting of two poems by British Poet Laureate Sir John
Betjeman, "Croydon" and "Love in a Valley".
The borough has been the residence of many renowned authors and
novelists, including Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, who set up house in
Norwood, D.H. Lawrence, and French novelist Émile Zola, who lived for
a time in the Queen's Hotel, Upper Norwood. Cicely Mary Barker, author
and illustrator of the
Flower Fairies series of books, was born in
Croydon is the setting of novels. The now defunct airport lent itself
to the mysteries
The 12.30 from Croydon
The 12.30 from Croydon and Death in the Clouds, and
the town is mentioned in some
Sherlock Holmes mysteries.
Croydon is referred to in a rhyme dating back to the 18th century,
revised in the
Victorian era to:
Sutton for good mutton;
Cheam for juicy beef;
Croydon for a pretty girl
Mitcham for a thief.
Croydon has been at the centre of the development of the dubstep
genre, a relatively recent musical development that traces its roots
from Jamaican dub music,
UK Garage and drum and bass. Artists such as
Benga and Skream, who honed their production and DJing skills whilst
working at the now defunct Big Apple Records on
Surrey Street, along
with Norwood's Digital Mystikz, DJ Chef, Timi Korus and Thornton
Heath's Plastician, form the core roster of dubstep DJs and producers.
Moreover, UK rappers and grime artists Stormzy, Krept and Konan, Nadia
Rose and Section Boyz all hail from or can trace their roots to the
London Borough of Croydon.
The band Saint Etienne formed in Croydon.
Croydon also has a rock scene producing such local talent as
Frankmusik and Noisettes.
In addition to the Fairfield Halls, there have been several venues in
Croydon that have hosted rock acts. Established in 1976, the Cartoon
was a popular live music venue that closed in 2006. The Greyhound in
Park Lane, played host to acts such as Led Zeppelin, Jimi Hendrix, the
Who, David Bowie, Queen, Siouxsie and the Banshees, the Damned, the
A-ha in (1987) and others during the 1960s and '70s.
The Greyhound also saw the debut of the
Electric Light Orchestra
Electric Light Orchestra in
Samuel Coleridge-Taylor (1875–1912) lived at 30 Dagnall
Park, Selhurst, until his death. He grew up in
Croydon and sang in the
church choir at St George's and taught at the
Crystal Palace School
Crystal Palace School of
Music and many other schools of music. He died from pneumonia after
collapsing at West
Croydon station. There is an impressive grave with
a touching poem at Bandon Hill Cemetery, and exhibits about him in the
Museum of Croydon.
The BRIT School
The town centre was for 30 years home to Europe's largest second-hand
record store, Beano's, offering rare vinyl, CDs and books. In November
2008 it was announced that Beano's would close. The premises, off
Church Street near the Grant's cinema complex, are to become a "market
place" with stalls for rent by small business and individuals.
The oldest currently surviving shop in
Croydon is 46 South End. Dating
back to the 16th century, this Grade II listed building still retains
all its original Tudor features. Records show that the premises has
been a shop for at least 163 years, where street directories from 1851
give the names of E. C. Johnson & Thorpe. The building is
currently in use as a music shop
Croydon is home to the
BRIT School for performing arts and technology,
based in Selhurst, which has produced stars such as Adele, Jessie J,
Amy Winehouse, Leona Lewis, Katie Melua, Katy B, Kate Nash, Imogen
Heap, Rizzle Kicks,
Dane Bowers and members of the Feeling & the
Kooks. Independent of such institutions,
Croydon is also the home of
artists like Nosferatu D2, Magic Brother, Bad Sign &
Croydon plays host to the popular
Channel 4 show Peep Show. The ITV
police drama The Bill, although set in East London, was filmed in
Croydon and many of the town centre locations were filmed around
Surrey Street and St George's House (the Nestle building). Sun Hill
Police Station is in nearby Mitcham. The opening credit sequence for
Terry and June
Terry and June featured the eponymous stars walking around
Whitgift Centre and the Fairfield Halls. In 2007, the music video
for pop star Mika's single "Big Girl (You Are Beautiful)" was shot in
various locations around the town, including High Street and Surrey
Street Market. The currently vacant Delta Point building, adjacent to
West Croydon station appeared in the film
The Dark Knight Rises
The Dark Knight Rises as
Gotham General Hospital.
Croydon has its own fully independent television station: it does not
receive any government or local authority grant or funding and is
supported by donations, sponsorship and by commercial advertising.
Croydon Radio, an internet radio station, began in the
Sport and leisure
Parks and open spaces
Queens Gardens in the town centre
The borough has many woods for walking in, which together account for
8.5% of Greater London's woodland resource (626.46 hectares).
Among several other parks and open spaces around Croydon, there is an
area of landscaped green space in the town centre called Queens
Gardens; it is located adjacent to the town hall and Clocktower art
Clubs and teams
The most prominent sports club in the borough is Crystal Palace
Football Club, based in the purpose-built stadium of
Selhurst Park in
the north of the borough since 1924. Palace won promotion to the
Premier League (the top tier of football in England) at the end of the
Croydon has a
Non-League football club,
and Purley Saint Germain, who play at
Croydon RFC, founded in 1871, is one of Greater London's
rugby union clubs, playing just north of the town centre at Frant Road
in Thornton Heath. They share their ground with the London Warriors, a
British-based American football team.
Croydon Amphibians SC plays in Division 2 British Waterpolo League. In
2008, the team won the National League Division 3.
The inside concourse of East
Croydon mainline station
Tram no. 2544 in Church Street, 2008
Fast trains to central London have journey times of 13 minutes to
London Bridge and 15 minutes to
London Victoria from East Croydon
station, the largest and busiest station in
Croydon and the tenth
busiest in Greater London. Services from East
Croydon run both north
and south on the
Brighton Main Line railway. To the south, trains run
to the counties of Sussex,
Kent with services including
through-train to Hastings, Southampton, Brighton,
Gatwick Airport. To the north, through-trains run to Central London
stations including Victoria, London Bridge as well as Thameslink
services to St Pancras International, Bedford, Peterborough, St Albans
West Croydon station is used by routes to the north and west. The East
London Line operated by
London Overground was extended to West Croydon
in May 2010, establishing connections to
Surrey Quays, Shoreditch,
Highbury & Islington. There are also several local
rail stations in the borough. Passenger trains through
Govia Thameslink Railway
Govia Thameslink Railway brands Southern and
Tramlink tram system, operated by Tramtrack Croydon, a wholly
owned subsidiary of Transport for London, opened in 2000; Croydon
is its hub. Its network consists of three lines, from
Elmers End to
West Croydon, from
Beckenham to West Croydon, and from New Addington
to Wimbledon, with all three lines running via a loop in central
Croydon. It is the only tram system in Greater London. It serves
Addiscombe and the
Purley Way retail and industrial
The system was previously known as the "
Croydon Tramlink", having been
established under the
Tramlink Act 1994.
Transport for London
Transport for London operates many bus routes in and around Croydon.
Most buses serve West
Croydon bus station, next to the railway station
and tram stop.
A few miles to the south of
Croydon is a small gap in the North Downs,
a route for transport from London to the south coast. The London to
Brighton road used to pass through the town on North End before the
Purley Way was built to the west.
Croydon airport opened on 29 March 1920 by combining two smaller
airfields used for defence in World War I. It developed into one of
the great airports of the world during the 1920s and 1930s. It
welcomed the world's pioneer aviators in its heyday. As aviation
technology progressed and aircraft became larger and more numerous, it
was recognised in 1952 that the airport would be too small to cope
with increasing air traffic and its role was decreased.. The last
scheduled flight departed on 30 September 1959. The air terminal, now
known as Airport House adjoining
Purley Way to the west of the town,
has been restored and has a museum open one day a month. The name
Croydon Airport" is still used as a landmark and as a bus stop
River Wandle is a tributary of the River Thames, flowing some 9
miles (14 km) to
Putney from its source in
Croydon. It roughly forms the borough's western boundary with the
London Borough of Sutton, and for part of its length also forms the
boundary between the London Boroughs of
Croydon and Lambeth. One of
its tributaries rises in Selhurst.
Croydon's early transport links
Surrey Iron Railway
Surrey Iron Railway was the world's first public
railway. It was opened in 1803, had double track, was some 8.5 miles
(13.7 km) long and ran from
Wandsworth to Croydon, at what is now
Reeves Corner. In 1805 it was extended to
Merstham as the Croydon,
Godstone Railway. The railway boom of the 1840s brought
superior and faster steam lines and it closed in 1846. The route is
followed in part by the modern Tramlink. The last remaining sections
of rail can be seen behind railings in a corner of Rotary Field in
With the opening of the London,
Brighton and South Coast Railway line
London Victoria in 1860 extra platforms were provided at East
Croydon, which the LBSCR treated as a separate station named New
Croydon. The South Eastern Railway (SER) was excluded from this
station, which ran exclusively LBSCR services to London at fares
cheaper than those the SER offered from the original station. In
1864, the LBSCR obtained authorisation to construct a ½-mile long
branch line into the heart of the town centre near Katharine Street,
Croydon Central station was built. The line opened in 1868 but
enjoyed little success and closed in 1871, only to reopen in 1886
under pressure from the Town Council before finally closing in 1890.
The station was subsequently demolished and replaced by the Town
Hall. In 1897–98, East
Croydon and New
Croydon were merged into
a single station with three island platforms, which remain today, but
the two stations kept separate booking accounts until 1924.
Croydon Canal ran for 9.5 miles (15.3 km) from what is now
Croydon station. It travelled north largely along the course of
the present railway line to
New Cross Gate, where it joined the Grand
Surrey Canal and went on into the Thames. It opened in 1809 and had 28
locks. It had a strong competitor in the
Surrey Iron Railway
Surrey Iron Railway and was
never a financial success. It sold out to the London & Croydon
Railway in 1836. The lake at
South Norwood is the former reservoir for
Croydon Airport on
Purley Way was the main airport for London until it
was superseded by London
Heathrow Airport and London Gatwick Airport.
Main article: List of people from Croydon
Adele attended the BRIT School, Croydon
Amy Winehouse attended the BRIT School, Croydon
Kate Moss is from Croydon
Adele (1988–), singer, attended the
BRIT School for Performing Arts
Peggy Ashcroft (1907–1991), actress, was born in Croydon, lived in
George Street as a child and attended
Croydon High School (where she
was a friend of Jane Drew); she is honoured in the naming of the
Ashcroft Theatre, part of the Fairfield Halls
Jon Benjamin, later Chief Executive of the Board of Deputies of
British Jews, was born and grew up in Croydon.
Raymond Chandler (1888–1959), American detective fiction writer,
Upper Norwood as a schoolboy
Anne Clark (1960–), electronic music artist and poet, was born in
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859–1930), Scottish-born fiction writer,
lived at No. 12 Tennison Road,
South Norwood and featured the area in
some of his
Sherlock Holmes detective stories
Jane Drew (1911–1996), modernist architect, was born in Thornton
Heath and was head girl at
Croydon High School (where she was a friend
of Peggy Ashcroft)
Paul Garelli (1924–2006), French Assyriologist, was born in Croydon
Ben Haenow (1985–), pop singer, winner of The X Factor (UK series
11), was born in Croydon
Roy Hodgson (1947–),
England football manager, was born and grew up
William Forster Lanchester
FRSE (1875-1953) zoologist born and raised
D. H. Lawrence
D. H. Lawrence (1885–1930), novelist, lived at 12 Colworth Road,
Addiscombe, 1908–1912 whilst a teacher at Davidson Road School
David Lean (1908–1991), film director, was born in Croydon
Kirsty MacColl (1959–2000), singer and songwriter, was born and grew
up in Croydon
David McAlmont (1967-), singer, songwriter, writer, historian; born at
St Mary's Maternity Hospital, attended Broadmead Primary.
Ralph McTell (1944–), musician, composer of "Streets of London", was
brought up in Croydon
Katie Melua (1984–), musician, singer and songwriter, attended the
Kate Moss (1974–), model, attended Riddlesdown High School
Malcolm Muggeridge (1903–1990), author and media personality, was
the son of H. T. Muggeridge, a prominent
Croydon Labour councillor,
and taught at John Ruskin Central School in the 1920s
Lucy Porter (1973–), comedian, was born in Croydon
Peter Sarstedt (1941–2017), singer, winner of Ivor Novello Award,
Croydon as a teenager
Captain Sensible (born Raymond Burns, 1954–), guitarist with The
Damned, attended school in South Norwood
Dan Stevens (1982-), actor, was born in Croydon
Stormzy (born Michael Omari, 1993–), Grime MC and rapper, was born
and brought up in Thornton Heath
Amy Winehouse (1983–2011), singer, attended the BRIT School
Edward Woodward (1930–2009), actor, was born and for many years
lived in Croydon
Jason Puncheon (1986-) English professional footballer who plays in
midfield for Crystal Palace
See also: List of schools in Croydon
The town is home to
Croydon College, with its main site on Park Lane
and College Road near East
Croydon station. It has over 13,000
students attending one of its three sub-colleges. The sub-colleges
were created in 2007. The three sub-colleges are the
Croydon Skills and Enterprise College and the Croydon
Higher Education College. The Higher Education College offers
university-level education in a range of subjects from Law through to
Croydon Skills and Enterprise College delivers training and
The town has five fee-paying schools, three of which are part of the
Whitgift Foundation. Two are boys' schools:
Whitgift School was
situated near the Almshouses until 1931 when it moved to its current
site in Haling Park in South Croydon, the Middle School (renamed
Trinity School of
John Whitgift in 1954) remained on the site until
1965 when it moved to Shirley Park. A direct grant grammar school
until 1968, it is now a member of the Headmasters' Conference. Old
Palace School, an independent girls' school situated in the old Summer
Palace of the Archbishops of Canterbury, joined the Whitgift
Foundation group of schools in 1993. Croham Hurst School, an
independent girls' school in South Croydon, became part of Old Palace
in 2007 and its old buildings are now used as the Old Palace junior
school. The site of the old Whitgift grammar school is now the
Whitgift shopping centre whose freehold is owned by the Whitgift
Croydon is also home to three single-sex Catholic state schools. The
formerly independent John Fisher School in Purley has not charged fees
since the late 1970s, but during the 1990s was selective, choosing
boys via exams, interviews, tests, previous school reports and written
statements. The school ended its selection policy in
1999, and now accepts pupils under a points system, which
discriminates in favour of those who have high mass attendance and
whose families are most involved in the Catholic Church.[citation
Coloma Convent Girls' School is one of England's Catholic
girls' schools: formerly a grammar school, it has now, like John
Fisher, adopted points-based admission criteria. St. Joseph's College,
located on Beulah Hill in Upper Norwood, is a boys' school with a
mixed sixth form.
Croydon High School for Girls is an independent girls' school in
Selsdon, and a member of the Girls' Day School Trust. The Japanese
Saturday School of London, a weekend Japanese programme, uses Croydon
High School as its
Croydon Campus (クロイドン校舎 Kuroidon
Royal Russell School
Royal Russell School is a co-educational independent boarding and day
South Croydon and is a member of the Headmasters'
The Old Palace School
Croydon College's main buildings in Central Croydon
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014.
Retrieved 9 June 2014.
Mayor of London
Mayor of London (February 2008). "
London Plan (Consolidated with
Alterations since 2004)" (PDF).
Greater London Authority. Archived
from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2010. Retrieved 21 December
^ Powell-Smith, Anna. "
Croydon – Domesday Book".
^ Lancaster, Brian (March 2012). "Jean-Baptiste Say's 1785 Croydon
Croydon Natural History & Scientific Society
Bulletin. 144: 2–5.
^ a b c Ayto, John; Ian Crofton (2005). Brewer's Britain and Ireland.
Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-304-35385-X.
^ Gover, J.E.B.; Mawer, A.; Stenton, F.M. (1934). The Place-Names of
Surrey. English Place-Name Society. 11. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press. pp. 47–48.
^ a b Bird, David (2012). "Croydon,
Crocus and Collyrium". London
Archaeologist. 13 (4): 87–90.
^ Corbett Anderson, John; Ian Crofton (1882). A Short Chronicle
Concerning the Parish of Croydon. London: Reeves and Turner.
pp. 19–20. ISBN 0-304-35385-X. Republished in 1970
by SR Publishers, East Ardsley, Wakefield
^ Shaw, Muriel (September 1988). "Roman Period Burials in Croydon".
CNHSS Archaeology Section Newsletter (71): 2–6.
^ Davison, Jim; Potter, Geoff (1998). "Excavations at 14 Whitgift
Street, Croydon, 1987–88 and 1995". London Archaeologist. 8:
^ Maggs, Ken; De'Athe, Paul (1987). The Roman Roads of East
Kent Border. Westerham:
North Downs Press. pp. 40–44.
^ McKinley, Jacqueline I. (2003). "The Early Saxon Cemetery at Park
Surrey Archaeological Collections. 90: 1–116.
^ Hines, John (2004). "Sūþre-gē – the Foundations of Surrey". In
Cotton, Jonathan; Crocker, Glenys; Graham, Audrey. Aspects of
Archaeology and History in Surrey: towards a Research Framework for
the County. Guildford:
Surrey Archaeological Society.
pp. 92–98. ISBN 0954146034.
^ Harris, Oliver (2005). The Archbishops' Town: the making of medieval
Croydon Natural History and Scientific Society.
Surrey Domesday Book". Archived from the original on 30 October
^ Harris, Archbishops' Town, p. 250
^ Harris, Archbishops' Town, pp. 253–6.
^ The Changing Face Of Norwood Norwood Society, 27 February 2008.
Accessed April 2011
^ "London Borough of Croydon: The Lawns – The Lawns History".
Croydon.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved
17 July 2011.
^ Warwick, Alan R. "Chapter 5". The Phoenix Suburb: A South London
Social History. Crystal Palace Foundation.
^ Beavis, Jim: The
^ "Heritage Gateway – Results". heritagegateway.org.uk.
^ "Heritage Gateway – Results". heritagegateway.org.uk.
^ "Heritage Gateway – Results". heritagegateway.org.uk.
Surrey Street Market". Archived from the original on 21 February
^ a b "Croydon, Route & What to See". London Footprints. Retrieved
20 March 2008.
Croydon Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Rejuvenated office block opens in
Croydon town centre". Croydon
^ "Westfield and Hammerson form £1bn joint venture to redevelop
Croydon town centre".
^ Carter, Elizabeth (2011).
The Good Food Guide 2012. The Good Food
Guide. pp. 163–164. ISBN 978-1-84490-123-4.
^ a b "New Builds –
Saffron Square – Sold".
Croydon Conservatives". croydonconservatives.com.
^ Carpenter, Jamie (8 February 2013). "
Croydon Council approves
Nestlé tower office-to-flats plan". planningresource.co.uk. Retrieved
23 June 2013.
^ Cahalan, Paul; Truman, Peter (30 July 2008). "Exclusive: Boris backs
Croydon city bid". Your Local Guardian. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
^ Boris set to unveil Ł23 million for
Croydon regeneration Archived
19 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "One Lansdowne Road". czwg.com.
^ "High Streets to share £1.2m funding". BBC News. 26 May 2012.
^ Barwell, Gavin (25 January 2014). "Public meeting on regeneration in
Croydon 2013". Prezi. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
^ "What's New".
Croydon Partnership. Archived from the original on 4
November 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
Croydon £1bn shopping centre plan approved". BBC News. BBC. 26
November 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
^ Davies, Gareth (27 November 2013). "
Boris Johnson approves Croydon's
£1bn Whitgift redevelopment".
Croydon Advertiser. Retrieved 31 August
^ Davies, Gareth (26 November 2013). "Council gives green light to
Croydon Advertiser. Archived from the
original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
^ Butter, Susannah (28 August 2015). "Cool Croydon: how bars, burgers
and a new
Boxpark are making Kate Moss's hometown a hipster hotspot".
London Evening Standard. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
^ "An 1868 Gazetteer description of Croydon". UK and Ireland
Genealogy. 2003. Retrieved 17 July 2008.
^ Harris, Archbishops' Town, pp. 245–9, 254–6. The locations of
the crosses (recorded in 1580–1 and 1706) were Hand Cross (junction
of Church Road and Church Street: modern Reeves Corner); Crown Hill
Cross (junction of Crown Hill and High Street); Stake or Stay Cross
(junction of modern George Street and Park Lane); Hern Cross (junction
of High Street and Coombe Road); and possibly "at Burchall's House",
which may have been at the southern end of Old Town. In 1977 the four
sites (including the supposed Burchall's House site, but excluding
Crown Hill) were marked by modern plaques.
^ Victoria History of the County of Surrey, vol. 4, p. 218.
^ Harris, Archbishops' Town, pp. 271–2.
^ Beckett, John (2005). City Status in the British Isles, 1830–2002.
Aldershot: Ashgate. pp. 100, 103, 110, 122–4, 129, 131, 143,
146, 150, 166, 168, 175–6. ISBN 0-7546-5067-7.
^ "Results of Diamond Jubilee Civic Honours Competition announced".
Cabinet Office. 14 March 2012. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
London Borough of Croydon
London Borough of Croydon map of wards" (PDF).
2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 June 2008. Retrieved 18
^ "Metropolitan Police:
Croydon Police Station". Metropolitan Police.
2007. Retrieved 18 July 2008.
^ "Mayday: Name change reflects health shake-up".
13 August 2010. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
^ "Fairfield – UK Census Data 2011". ukcensusdata.com.
^ "Broad Green – UK Census Data 2011". ukcensusdata.com.
Addiscombe – UK Census Data 2011". ukcensusdata.com.
^ Historic England. "Wrencote (Grade II*) (1079291)". National
Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July
2014. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
^ Bridget Cherry and Nikolaus Pevsner, London 2: South. Buildings of
England series. Penguin Books, 1983. ISBN 0-14-071047-7. Page
Queen Victoria statue – Croydon". London Remembers.
^ "Roundabout calendar is gift hit". BBC News.
^ "Chapter XIV: Local Allusions to Women". sacred-texts.com. Retrieved
5 December 2013.
^ Whalley, Kirsty (15 September 2010). "ELO man dies". Croydon
Guardian. Newsquest Media Group. p. 15.
^ "Record collectors' shop faces the music". BBC News.
^ "Just Flutes of London, Specialist Flute Shop".
^ "Fan Releases Nosferatu D2"²s Album Again, Ignites Cult Following".
Public Radio International.
^ "Filming Locations for The Dark Knight Rises".
Croydon TV". croydontv.co.uk.
Croydon Radio". croydonradio.com.
^ "London Borough of Croydon: Habitat Action Plan" (PDF).
croydon.gov.uk. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
^ "The British Water Polo League". bwpl.org.
^ "UK rail network map" (PDF).
National Rail website. National Rail.
2006. Retrieved 25 May 2008.
^ "TfL announces plans to take over
Tramlink services". 17 March 2008.
Archived from the original on 12 April 2008. Retrieved 24 May
^ a b White, H.P., op. cit. p. 79.
^ Treby, E., op. cit. p. 106.
^ "Peggy Ashcroft" at Internet Movie Database
^ "Who's Who in the Cinema", The Movie volume 13 p. 259. Orbis
^ "David Lean" at Internet Movie Database
Croydon College". 2007. Archived from the original on 8 May
2012. Retrieved 18 July 2008.
^ "＜学校紹介＞" (Archive). The Japanese Saturday School of
London. Retrieved on 5 April 2015. – See "９．校舎 "
Daniel Lysons (1792), "Croydon", Environs of London, 1: County of
Surrey, London: T. Cadell
James Thorne (1876), "Croydon", Handbook to the Environs of London,
London: John Murray
Edward Walford (1883), "Croydon", Greater London, London: Cassell
& Co., OCLC 3009761
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Croydon, Greater London.
London Borough of Croydon
Open directory project
London Borough of Croydon
Norwood New Town
David Lean Cinema
Museum of Croydon
Croydon Central Library
Croydon Farmers Market
Surrey Street Market
Addiscombe Railway Park
Addiscombe Recreation Ground
Apsley Road Playground
Ashburton Playing Fields
Great North Wood
South Norwood Country Park
Lake and Grounds
South Norwood Recreation Ground
Streatham Vale Park
and tram stops
King Henry's Drive
Therapia Lane (in LB of Sutton)
Art and architecture
Croydon Vision 2020
Grade I and II* listed buildings
Tallest buildings and structures
Coat of arms
Areas of London
Central activities zone
City of London
City of London wards
Holloway Nags Head
Kensington High Street
King's Road East
Elephant and Castle
Isle of Dogs
Lists of areas
Barking and Dagenham
Hammersmith and Fulham
Kensington and Chelsea
Kingston upon Thames
Richmond upon Thames
Canley (borough) (The Bill: TV soap)
Charnham (suburb) (Family Affairs: TV soap)
Gasforth (town) (The Thin Blue Line: TV series)
London Below (magical realm) (Neverwhere: TV series, novel)
Walford (borough) (EastEnders: TV soap)
London Plan 2011, Annex Two: London's Town Centre Network –