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Croydon
Croydon
is a large town in the south of Greater London, England, 9.5 miles (15.3 km) south of Charing Cross. The principal settlement in the London Borough of Croydon, it is one of the largest commercial districts outside Central London, with an extensive shopping district and night-time economy.[2] Its population of 52,104 at the 2011 census includes the wards of Addiscombe, Broad Green, and Fairfield. Historically part of the hundred of Wallington in the county of Surrey, at the time of the Norman conquest of England
England
Croydon
Croydon
had a church, a mill, and around 365 inhabitants, as recorded in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
of 1086.[3] Croydon
Croydon
expanded in the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
as a market town and a centre for charcoal production, leather tanning and brewing. The Surrey Iron Railway
Surrey Iron Railway
from Croydon
Croydon
to Wandsworth
Wandsworth
opened in 1803 and was the world's first public railway. Later nineteenth century railway building facilitated Croydon's growth as a commuter town for London. By the early 20th century, Croydon
Croydon
was an important industrial area, known for car manufacture, metal working and Croydon Airport. In the mid 20th century these sectors were replaced by retailing and the service economy, brought about by massive redevelopment which saw the rise of office blocks and the Whitgift Centre, the largest shopping centre in London until 2008. Croydon
Croydon
was amalgamated into Greater London
Greater London
in 1965. Croydon
Croydon
lies on a transport corridor between central London and the south coast of England, to the north of two gaps in the North Downs, one followed by the A23 Brighton
Brighton
Road through Purley and Merstham
Merstham
and the main railway line and the other by the A22 from Purley to the M25 Godstone
Godstone
interchange. Road traffic is diverted away from a largely pedestrianised town centre, mostly consisting of North End. East Croydon
Croydon
is a major hub of the national railway transport system, with frequent fast services to central London, Brighton
Brighton
and the south coast. The town is unique in Greater London
Greater London
for its Tramlink
Tramlink
light rail transport system.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Toponymy 1.2 Early history 1.3 Industrial Revolution and the railway 1.4 A growing town 1.5 Modern Croydon 1.6 Future

2 Government

2.1 Status 2.2 Modern governance

3 Public services 4 Demography 5 Geography 6 Culture

6.1 Arts 6.2 Literature 6.3 Music 6.4 Media

7 Sport and leisure

7.1 Parks and open spaces 7.2 Clubs and teams

8 Transport

8.1 Rail 8.2 Tramlink 8.3 Buses 8.4 Road 8.5 Croydon
Croydon
Airport 8.6 River Wandle 8.7 Croydon's early transport links

9 Notable people 10 Education 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

History[edit] Toponymy[edit]

The earliest detailed map of Croydon, drawn by the 18-year-old Jean-Baptiste Say
Jean-Baptiste Say
in 1785.[4] The early settlement of Old Town, including the parish church (marked B) lies to the west; while the triangular medieval marketplace, probably associated with Archbishop Kilwardby's market charter of 1276, is clearly visible further east, although by this date it has been infilled with buildings.

As the vast majority of place names in the area are of Anglo-Saxon origin, the theory accepted by most philologists is that the name Croydon
Croydon
derives originally from the Anglo-Saxon croh, meaning "crocus", and denu, "valley", indicating that, like Saffron Walden
Saffron Walden
in Essex, it was a centre for the cultivation of saffron.[5][6] It has been argued that this cultivation is likely to have taken place in the Roman period, when the saffron crocus would have been grown to supply the London market, most probably for medicinal purposes, and particularly for the treatment of granulation of the eyelids.[7] There is also a plausible Brittonic origin for Croydon
Croydon
in the form "Crai-din" meaning "settlement near fresh water" (Cf "Creuddyn" Cardiganshire), the name Crai (variously spelled) being found in Kent at various places even as late as the Domesday Book[citation needed]. Alternative, although less probable, theories of the name's origin have been proposed. According to John Corbett Anderson,[8] "The earliest mention of Croydon
Croydon
is in the joint will of Beorhtric and Aelfswth, dated about the year 962. In this Anglo-Saxon document the name is spelt (here he uses original script) Crogdaene. Crog was, and still is, the Norse or Danish word for crooked, which is expressed in Anglo-Saxon by crumb, a totally different word. From the Danish came our crook and crooked. This term accurately describes the locality; it is a crooked or winding valley; in reference to the valley that runs in an oblique and serpentine course from Godstone
Godstone
to Croydon." Anderson refuted a claim, originally cited by Andrew Coltee Ducarel, that the name came from the Old French for "chalk hill", because the name was in use at least a century before the French language would have been commonly used following the Norman Invasion. However, there was no long-term Danish occupation (see Danelaw) in Surrey, which was part of Wessex, and Danish-derived nomenclature is also highly unlikely. More recently, David Bird has speculated that the name might derive from a personal name, Crocus: he suggests a family connection with the documented Chrocus, king of the Alemanni, who allegedly played a part in the proclamation of Constantine as emperor at York in AD 306.[7] Early history[edit] The town lies on the line of the Roman road from London to Portslade, and there is some archaeological evidence for small-scale Roman settlement in the area: there may have been a mansio (staging-post) here.[9][10][11] Later, in the 5th to 7th centuries, a large pagan Saxon cemetery was situated on what is now Park Lane, although the extent of any associated settlement is unknown.[12][13] By the late Saxon period Croydon
Croydon
was the hub of an estate belonging to the Archbishops of Canterbury. The church and the archbishops' manor house occupied the area still known as "Old Town". The archbishops used the manor house as an occasional place of residence: as lords of the manor they dominated the life of the town well into the early modern period, and as local patrons they continue to have an influence.[14] Croydon
Croydon
appears in Domesday Book
Domesday Book
(1086) as Croindene, held by Archbishop Lanfranc. Its Domesday assets were: 16 hides and 1 virgate; 1 church, 1 mill worth 5s, 38 ploughs, 8 acres (3.2 ha) of meadow, woodland worth 200 hogs. It rendered £37 10s 0d.[15]

The Surrey Street Market
Surrey Street Market
has had a presence on this site for centuries

The church had been established in the middle Saxon period, and was probably a minster church, a base for a group of clergy living a communal life. A charter issued by King Coenwulf of Mercia
Coenwulf of Mercia
refers to a council that had taken place close to the monasterium (meaning minster) of Croydon.[16] An Anglo-Saxon will made in about 960 is witnessed by Elfsies, priest of Croydon; and the church is also mentioned in Domesday Book. The will of John de Croydon, fishmonger, dated 6 December 1347, includes a bequest to "the church of S John de Croydon", the earliest clear record of its dedication. The church still bears the arms of Archbishop Courtenay and Archbishop Chichele, believed to have been its benefactors.

Croydon Palace
Croydon Palace
in 1785

In 1276 Archbishop Robert Kilwardby
Robert Kilwardby
acquired a charter for a weekly market, and this probably marks the foundation of Croydon
Croydon
as an urban centre.[17] Croydon
Croydon
developed into one of the main market towns of north east Surrey. The market place was laid out on the higher ground to the east of the manor house in the triangle now bounded by High Street, Surrey
Surrey
Street and Crown Hill. By the 16th century the manor house had become a substantial palace, used as the main summer home of the archbishops and visited by monarchs and other dignitaries. The original palace was sold in 1781, by then dilapidated and surrounded by slums and stagnant ponds, and a new residence, at nearby Addington, purchased in its place. Many of the buildings of the original Croydon Palace survive, and are in use today as Old Palace School.

The Grade I listed Croydon Minster
Croydon Minster
parish church

The Parish Church (now Croydon
Croydon
Minster) is a Perpendicular-style church, which was remodelled in 1849 but destroyed in a great fire in 1867, following which only the tower, south porch, and outer walls remained. A new church was designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott, one of the greatest architects of the Victorian age, and opened in 1870. His design loosely followed the previous layout, with knapped flint facing and many of the original features, including several important tombs. Croydon
Croydon
Parish Church is the burial place of six Archbishops of Canterbury: John Whitgift, Edmund Grindal, Gilbert Sheldon, William Wake, John Potter and Thomas Herring. Historically part of the Diocese of Canterbury, Croydon
Croydon
is now in the Diocese of Southwark. In addition to the suffragan Bishop of Croydon, the Vicar of Croydon
Croydon
is an important preferment.

The Grade I listed "Whitgift Hospital" almshouses in the centre of Croydon

The Grade II listed West Croydon
Croydon
Baptist Church

The Grade I listed Parish Church of St Michael and All Angels, West Croydon

Addington Palace
Addington Palace
is a Palladian-style mansion between Addington Village and Shirley, in the London Borough of Croydon. Six archbishops lived there between 1807 and 1898, when it was sold. Between 1953 and 1996 it was the home of the Royal School of Church Music. It is now a conference and banqueting venue. Croydon
Croydon
was a leisure destination in the mid 19th century. In 1831, one of England's most prominent architects, Decimus Burton, designed a spa and pleasure gardens below Beulah Hill and off what is now Spa Hill in a bowl of land on the south-facing side of the hill around a spring of chalybeate water. Burton was responsible for the Beulah Spa Hotel (demolished around 1935) and the layout of the grounds.[18] Its official title was The Royal Beulah Spa and Gardens. It became a popular society venue attracting crowds to its fêtes. One widely publicised event was a "Grand Scottish Fete" on 16 September 1834 "with a tightrope performance by Pablo Fanque, the black circus performer who would later dominate the Victorian circus and achieve immortality in The Beatles
The Beatles
song, Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite!"[19] The spa closed in 1856 soon after the opening nearby of The Crystal Palace[20] which had been rebuilt on Sydenham Hill
Sydenham Hill
in 1854, following its success at the Great Exhibition
Great Exhibition
in Hyde Park. It was destroyed in a spectacular fire in 1936. Horse racing
Horse racing
in the area took place occasionally, notably during visits of Queen Elizabeth I
Elizabeth I
to the archbishop. Regular meetings became established first on a course at Park Hill in 1860 and from 1866 at Woodside, where particularly good prizes were offered for the races run under National Hunt rules. In that sphere its prestige was second only to that of Aintree, home of the Grand National. Increasing local opposition to the presence of allegedly unruly racegoers coupled with the need to obtain a licence from the local authority led to it being closed down in 1890.[21] The Elizabethan Whitgift Almshouses, the " Hospital
Hospital
of the Holy Trinity", in the centre of Croydon
Croydon
at the corner of North End and George Street, were erected by Archbishop John Whitgift. He petitioned for and received permission from Queen Elizabeth I
Elizabeth I
to establish a hospital and school in Croydon
Croydon
for the "poor, needy and impotent people" from the parishes of Croydon
Croydon
and Lambeth. The foundation stone was laid in 1596 and the building was completed in 1599. The premises included the Hospital
Hospital
or Almshouses, providing accommodation for between 28 and 40 people, and a nearby schoolhouse and schoolmaster's house. There was a Warden in charge of the well-being of the almoners. The building takes the form of a courtyard surrounded by the chambers of the almoners and various offices. Threatened by various reconstruction plans and road-widening schemes, the Almshouses were saved in 1923 by intervention of the House of Lords. On 21 June 1983 Queen Elizabeth II visited the Almshouses and unveiled a plaque celebrating the recently completed reconstruction of the building. On 22 March each year the laying of the foundation stone is commemorated as Founder's Day. The Grade II listed West Croydon
Croydon
Baptist Church was built in 1873 by one J Theodore Barker. It is a red brick building with stone dressings. Its three bays are divided by paired Doric pilasters supporting a triglyph frieze and panelled parapet.[22] The Parish Church of St Michael and All Angels by J L Pearson in West Croydon
Croydon
was built between 1880 and 1885, and is Grade I listed.[23] Industrial Revolution and the railway[edit]

The Grade II listed Surrey
Surrey
Street Pumping Station, Croydon

The development of Brighton
Brighton
as a fashionable resort in the 1780s increased the significance of Croydon's role as a halt for stage coaches on the road south of London. At the beginning of the 19th century, Croydon
Croydon
became the terminus of two pioneering commercial transport links with London. The first, opened in 1803, was the horse-drawn Surrey Iron Railway
Surrey Iron Railway
from Wandsworth, which in 1805 was extended to Merstham, as the Croydon, Merstham
Merstham
and Godstone
Godstone
Railway. The second, opened in 1809, was the Croydon
Croydon
Canal, which branched off the Grand Surrey Canal
Grand Surrey Canal
at Deptford. The London and Croydon Railway
London and Croydon Railway
(an atmospheric and steam-powered railway) opened between London Bridge and West Croydon
Croydon
in 1839, using much of the route of the canal (which had closed in 1836). Other connections to London and the south followed. The arrival of the railways and other communications advances in the 19th century led to a 23-fold increase in Croydon's population between 1801 and 1901.[5] This rapid expansion of the town led to considerable health problems, especially in the damp and overcrowded working class district of Old Town. In response to this, in 1849 Croydon
Croydon
became one of the first towns in the country to acquire a Local board of health. The Board constructed public health infrastructure including a reservoir, water supply network, sewers, a pumping station and sewage disposal works. The Surrey
Surrey
Street Pumping Station is Grade II listed; it was built in four phases. starting with the engine house in 1851, with a further engine house in 1862, a further extension in 1876-7 to house a compound horizontal engine and a further extension in 1912.[24] A growing town[edit]

The Allders
Allders
building in 1983

Shopping parade in North End, Croydon

In 1883 Croydon
Croydon
was incorporated as a borough. In 1889 it became a county borough, with a greater degree of autonomy. The new county borough council implemented the Croydon
Croydon
Improvement scheme in the early 1890s, which widened the High Street and cleared much of the 'Middle Row' slum area. The remaining slums were cleared shortly after Second World War, with much of the population relocated to the isolated new settlement of New Addington. New stores opened and expanded in central Croydon, including Allders, Kennards and Grade II listed Grants, as well as the first Sainsbury's
Sainsbury's
self-service shop in the country.[5] There was a market on Surrey
Surrey
Street.[25] Croydon
Croydon
was the location of London's main airport until the Second World War. During the war, much of central Croydon
Croydon
was devastated by German V-1 flying bombs and V-2 rockets, and for many years the town bore the scars of the destruction. After the war, Heathrow Airport superseded Croydon Airport
Croydon Airport
as London's main airport, and Croydon Airport quickly went into a decline, finally closing in 1959. By the 1950s, with its continuing growth, the town was becoming congested, and the Council decided on another major redevelopment scheme. The Croydon
Croydon
Corporation Act was passed in 1956. This, coupled with national government incentives for office relocation out of London, led to the building of new offices and accompanying road schemes through the late 1950s and 1960s, and the town boomed as a business centre in the 1960s, with many multi-storey office blocks, an underpass, a flyover and multi-storey car parks. In 1960 Croydon
Croydon
celebrated its millennium with a pageant held at Lloyd Park and an exhibition held at the old Croydon
Croydon
Aerodrome. Modern Croydon[edit] See also: Economy of Croydon

No. 1 Croydon, formerly the NLA Tower.[26]

The growing town attracted many new buildings. The Fairfield Halls arts centre and event venue opened in 1962. Croydon
Croydon
developed as an important centre for shopping, with the construction of the Whitgift Centre in 1969. No. 1 Croydon
No. 1 Croydon
(formerly the NLA Tower)[26] designed by Richard Seifert
Richard Seifert
& Partners was completed in 1970. The Warehouse Theatre opened in 1977. The 1990s saw further changes intended to give the town a more attractive image. These included the closure of North End to vehicles in 1989 and the opening of the Croydon Clocktower
Croydon Clocktower
arts centre in 1994. An early success of the Centre was the "Picasso's Croydon
Croydon
Period" exhibition of March–May 1995. The Croydon
Croydon
Tramlink
Tramlink
began operation in May 2000 (see Transport section below). The Prospect West office development was built in 1991 to 1992, and its remodelling planned in 2012[27] has now been completed. Renamed Interchange Croydon
Croydon
when it was reopened in 2014, the 180,000 square foot office development was the first new grade A office development of its size to open in Croydon
Croydon
for more than 20 years.[28] Another large shopping centre, Centrale, opened in 2004 opposite the Whitgift Centre, and adjoining the smaller Drummond Centre. House of Fraser and Debenhams
Debenhams
are the anchor stores in the combined centre. In addition, there are plans for a large, new one billion pound shopping centre, in the form of a new Westfield shopping mall to add to the two which the company currently has in Greater London; Westfield plans to work jointly with Hammersons and to incorporate the best aspects of the two companies' designs.[29] In November 2017, Croydon
Croydon
Council gave permission for the new Westfield shopping centre to be built and in January 2018, the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, approved the regeneration scheme. Work to demolish the existing Whitgift Centre will begin in 2018 and Westfield Croydon
Croydon
is currently expected to open by 2022. There are several other major plans for the town including the redevelopment of the Croydon Gateway
Croydon Gateway
site; and extensions of Tramlink
Tramlink
to Purley Way, Streatham, Lewisham
Lewisham
and Crystal Palace. Apart from its very large central shopping district, Croydon
Croydon
has a number of smaller shopping areas, especially towards the southern end of the town, where restaurants are located. Two of Croydon's restaurants are listed in The Good Food Guide.[30]

Saffron
Saffron
Square[31] luxury apartment development

Croydon
Croydon
has many tall buildings such as the former Nestlé Tower
Nestlé Tower
(St George's House), and is considered to be Greater London's third main central business district, after the Square Mile and the Docklands, and southern Greater London's main business centre.[32] The London Borough of Croydon's strategic planning committee in February 2013 gave the go-ahead to property fund manager Legal and General Property's plans to convert the empty 24-storey St George's House office building, occupied by Nestlé until September 2012, into 288 flats.[33] The Croydon
Croydon
area has several hospitals: the main one is Croydon University Hospital
Hospital
in London Road. The Mayor of London, Boris Johnson, has said he would support Croydon being granted city status[34] and announced £23m of additional funding to help redevelop the town at the Develop Croydon
Croydon
Conference on 22 November 2011.[35] Several apartment developments, for instance Altitude 25
Altitude 25
(completed 2010), have been built in recent years, and several more are being built or planned. The construction of Saffron
Saffron
Square,[31] which includes an iconic 43-storey tower, began on Wellesley Road
Wellesley Road
in 2011 and was completed in 2016. Other developments with towers over 50 floors high have been given planning approval. These include the 54-storey "Menta Tower" in Cherry Orchard Road near East Croydon station, and a 55-storey tower at One Lansdowne Road, on which construction was set to begin in early 2013. The latter is set to be Britain's tallest block of flats, including office space, a four-star hotel and a health club.[36] In May 2012 it was announced that Croydon
Croydon
had been successful in its bid to become one of twelve "Portas Pilot" towns, and would receive a share of £1.2m funding to help rejuvenate its central shopping areas.[37] In November 2013, Central Croydon
Croydon
MP Gavin Barwell
Gavin Barwell
gave a presentation at a public meeting on the Croydon
Croydon
regeneration project, detailing various developments underway due to be completed in coming years.[38] On 26 November 2013, Croydon
Croydon
Council approved a redevelopment of the Town Centre by The Croydon
Croydon
Partnership, a joint venture by The Westfield Group
Westfield Group
and Hammerson.[39][40] London Mayor Boris Johnson approved the plan the following day.[41] The Croydon Advertiser listed the approval as an "Historic Night for Croydon".[42] In 2015 it was announced that a Boxpark
Boxpark
branch comprising shops, restaurants and bars would open in Croydon. The London Evening Standard said that this and other developments were reviving the town which was in the process of gentrification.[43] Future[edit] The town is expected to see changes as part of Croydon
Croydon
Vision 2020, an urban planning initiative. Government[edit]

Croydon
Croydon
Town Hall, as seen from Katharine Street

View of Town Hall detailing from Katharine Street

Status[edit] For centuries the area lay within the Wallington hundred, an ancient Anglo-Saxon administrative division of the county of Surrey.[44] In the later Middle Ages
Middle Ages
– probably from the late 13th century onwards – residents of the town of Croydon, as defined by boundary markers known as the "four crosses", enjoyed a degree of self-government through a town court or portmote, and a form of free tenure of property.[45] These privileges set the area of the town apart from its rural hinterland, where the more usual and more restrictive rules of manorial tenure applied. However, Croydon
Croydon
did not hold any kind of formal borough status. In 1690, the leading inhabitants petitioned William III and Mary for Croydon
Croydon
to be incorporated as a borough. The application was initially approved, the King authorising the drafting of a charter, but the process was then abruptly halted, apparently through the intervention of Archbishop John Tillotson, who probably feared a threat to his own authority over the town. The application was revived the following year, when Queen Mary again authorised a charter, but once again it was abandoned. A second petition in 1707 was effectively ignored.[46][47] Croydon's growth in the 19th century brought the issue of incorporation back on to the political agenda, and in 1883 the ancient parish of Croydon, apart from its exclave of Croydon
Croydon
Crook or Selsdon, was created a municipal borough within Surrey. In 1889, because the population was high enough, it was made a county borough, exempt from county administration. In 1965 the County Borough of Croydon
County Borough of Croydon
was abolished and the area was transferred to Greater London
Greater London
and combined with the Coulsdon
Coulsdon
and Purley Urban District to form the London Borough of Croydon. In recent decades, the borough has on several occasions sought city status. (This would be a purely honorific change of title, making no practical difference to the borough's governance.) A draft petition was submitted by the County Borough to the Home Office
Home Office
in 1951, a more formal petition in 1954, and two more applications in 1955 and 1958. When the London Borough was created in 1965, the Council endeavoured to have it styled a City, as was the City of Westminster. Further bids for city status were made in 1977, 1992, 2000, 2002, and 2012. All have failed. The borough's predominant argument has always been its size: in 2000 it pointed out that it was "the largest town which does not have the title of City in the whole of Western Europe". The grounds on which it has been turned down have invariably been that it is (as was stated in 1992) merely "part of the London conurbation, rather than a place with a character and identity of its own". Undeterred, council representatives have more than once described Croydon
Croydon
as "a city in all but name".[48][49] Modern governance[edit] The London Borough of Croydon
London Borough of Croydon
has a Labour controlled council with 40 Labour councillors and 30 Conservative councillors elected on 22 May 2014. Most of the town centre lies within the Addiscombe
Addiscombe
and Fairfield wards, which form part of the Croydon
Croydon
Central constituency.[50] The rest of the town centre is in the Croham ward, which is part of the Croydon
Croydon
South constituency. These wards are all in the London Borough of Croydon, which is responsible for services along with other agencies such as education, refuse collection, road maintenance, local planning and social care. The Addiscombe
Addiscombe
ward is currently represented by Labour Councillors . The Fairfield and Croham wards have, by contrast, habitually elected Conservative members. The area also forms part of the London constituency of the European Parliament. The sitting Member of Parliament for Croydon
Croydon
Central is Sarah Jones, a member of the Labour Party. The sitting Member of Parliament for Croydon
Croydon
South is Chris Philp, a member of the Conservatives. The Member of Parliament for Croydon
Croydon
North is Steve Reed, for the Labour Party. Public services[edit] The territorial police force is the Metropolitan Police. Their Croydon Police Station is on Park Lane opposite the Croydon
Croydon
Flyover .[51] The statutory fire and rescue service in Croydon
Croydon
is the London Fire Brigade (LFB) who have a fire station in Old Town, with two pumping appliances.[52] The nearest hospital is in nearby Thornton Heath
Thornton Heath
and called Croydon University Hospital
Hospital
(formerly known as Mayday Hospital
Hospital
1923-2010) which is part of Croydon
Croydon
Health Services NHS Trust.[53] The London Ambulance Service provides the ambulance service.[citation needed] Demography[edit] Fairfield ward, which is the major ward covering the central town, was 40% White British, 16% Indian, and 10% Other White in the 2011 census.[54] In addition, the Broad Green ward was 23% White British, 13% Indian, 13% Other Asian, and 11% Black African.[55] The Addiscombe ward was 45% White British and 10% Other White.[56] Geography[edit]

The Grade II listed Wrencote House, High Street, Croydon

Victorian architecture in Croydon
Croydon
High Street

A view of Wellesley Road

Croydon
Croydon
town centre is near the centre of the borough of Croydon, to the north of the North Downs
North Downs
and the Pilgrims' Way
Pilgrims' Way
path. To the north of Croydon
Croydon
are typical London districts, whereas a short distance southeast (such as Coombe and Selsdon) is green, hilly and rural land. To the west are industrial areas, going inside the London Borough of Sutton. The southern suburbs are mainly affluent. The town is bordered by Waddon
Waddon
immediately southwest of central Croydon. To the west, inside the London Borough of Sutton
London Borough of Sutton
lies Beddington. To the north are Broad Green, Thornton Heath
Thornton Heath
and Selhurst. To the south lies South Croydon, and going further south are Purley and Sanderstead. To the east lie Addiscombe
Addiscombe
and Shirley. Croydon
Croydon
High Street runs from South Croydon
South Croydon
up to the point where it meets the street called North End. North End is the main shopping street, while Croydon
Croydon
High Street is the main restaurant quarter. The High Street is also home to Wrencote House, a Grade II* listed building. Dating from the late 17th or early 18th centuries, and probably built as a merchant's house, it has a distinctive "H" plan form over its four floors (including basement and attic storey). External features include a rich red brick facade with black headers, and a heavily carved and enriched wooden eaves cornice.[57][58] Wellesley Road
Wellesley Road
on the A212 road
A212 road
forms a north-south axis through the town centre. In line with London Plan
London Plan
policy, there have been a number of proposals to create greater integration between East Croydon station, which lies on one side of the A212, and the town centre of Croydon, which lies on the other side of it. Croydon
Croydon
Vision 2 020
020
aims to tackle this though such solutions as making the road easier for pedestrians to cross by creating a centre island pathway. Culture[edit] Arts[edit]

The Fairfield Halls, Croydon's entertainment complex

There are several arts venues. Foremost is the Fairfield Halls, opened in 1962, which consists of a large concert hall frequently used for BBC recordings, the Ashcroft Theatre
Ashcroft Theatre
and the Arnhem Gallery. Fairfield is the home of the London Mozart Players. Many famous faces have appeared at the Fairfield Halls, including The Beatles, Bucks Fizz, Omid Djalili, Robert Cray, JLS, Chuck Berry, BB King, Don McLean, The Monkees, Johnny Cash, Dionne Warwick, Gladys Knight, Morecambe and Wise, Tom Jones, The Stylistics, Status Quo, Level 42, A-HA, John Mayall, Jools Holland, Kenny Rogers, James Last, and Coolio. The main concert hall was used for the conference scene in the Ron Howard
Ron Howard
film The Da Vinci Code (2006).

Croydon Clocktower
Croydon Clocktower
Arts Centre

Croydon
Croydon
Clocktower, built by the London Borough of Croydon
London Borough of Croydon
in the mid-1990s, houses a state-of-the-art library, a performance venue in the old reference library, the David Lean Cinema
David Lean Cinema
and the Museum of Croydon. The building links into the Town Hall and some areas of the building, most notably the Braithwaite Hall, are part of the original town hall and library complex, built in 1892–1896 to a design by Charles Henman.[59] A bronze statue of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
was erected outside the buildings in 1903.[60] The Warehouse Theatre
Warehouse Theatre
(which closed in 2012), was a studio theatre known for promoting new writing, comedy and youth theatre. It had to close because of the major Ruskin Square
Ruskin Square
redevelopment, but will re-open in the future in a new larger theatre building within the new development. The Pembroke Theatre had many productions with well-known actors before its closure in about 1962. There are several local and small venues for comedy and community events dotted around Croydon
Croydon
and its districts. Croydon
Croydon
Youth Theatre Organisation celebrated its 40th birthday in 2005. There are several community arts groups, particularly in the large Asian community.

The Spreadeagle, central Croydon, which also houses the theatre of the same name that opened in 2013

The Spread Eagle Theatre
The Spread Eagle Theatre
is a new 50-seat studio theatre. Opened in October 2013, it is situated in the town centre, 10 minutes' walk from East Croydon
Croydon
Station. The Spread Eagle works closely with its sister venue, the Old Joint Stock Theatre in Birmingham. Both venues champion 'big plays for small spaces' with an emphasis on new writing, supporting emerging artists and theatre companies. A calendar titled "Rare Roundabouts of Croydon", with a picture of a different Croydon
Croydon
roundabout each month, has enjoyed some success.[61] Literature[edit] Croydon
Croydon
is the setting of two poems by British Poet Laureate Sir John Betjeman, "Croydon" and "Love in a Valley". The borough has been the residence of many renowned authors and novelists, including Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, who set up house in Norwood, D.H. Lawrence, and French novelist Émile Zola, who lived for a time in the Queen's Hotel, Upper Norwood. Cicely Mary Barker, author and illustrator of the Flower Fairies series of books, was born in Croydon. Croydon
Croydon
is the setting of novels. The now defunct airport lent itself to the mysteries The 12.30 from Croydon
The 12.30 from Croydon
and Death in the Clouds, and the town is mentioned in some Sherlock Holmes
Sherlock Holmes
mysteries. Croydon
Croydon
is referred to in a rhyme dating back to the 18th century, revised in the Victorian era
Victorian era
to:

“ Sutton for good mutton; Cheam
Cheam
for juicy beef; Croydon
Croydon
for a pretty girl And Mitcham
Mitcham
for a thief.[62]

Music[edit] Croydon
Croydon
has been at the centre of the development of the dubstep genre, a relatively recent musical development that traces its roots from Jamaican dub music, UK Garage and drum and bass. Artists such as Benga and Skream, who honed their production and DJing skills whilst working at the now defunct Big Apple Records on Surrey
Surrey
Street, along with Norwood's Digital Mystikz, DJ Chef, Timi Korus and Thornton Heath's Plastician, form the core roster of dubstep DJs and producers. Moreover, UK rappers and grime artists Stormzy, Krept and Konan, Nadia Rose and Section Boyz all hail from or can trace their roots to the London Borough of Croydon. The band Saint Etienne formed in Croydon. Croydon
Croydon
also has a rock scene producing such local talent as Frankmusik
Frankmusik
and Noisettes. In addition to the Fairfield Halls, there have been several venues in Croydon
Croydon
that have hosted rock acts. Established in 1976, the Cartoon was a popular live music venue that closed in 2006. The Greyhound in Park Lane, played host to acts such as Led Zeppelin, Jimi Hendrix, the Who, David Bowie, Queen, Siouxsie and the Banshees, the Damned, the Boomtown Rats, A-ha
A-ha
in (1987) and others during the 1960s and '70s. The Greyhound also saw the debut of the Electric Light Orchestra
Electric Light Orchestra
in 1972.[63] The composer Samuel Coleridge-Taylor
Samuel Coleridge-Taylor
(1875–1912) lived at 30 Dagnall Park, Selhurst, until his death. He grew up in Croydon
Croydon
and sang in the church choir at St George's and taught at the Crystal Palace School
Crystal Palace School
of Music and many other schools of music. He died from pneumonia after collapsing at West Croydon
Croydon
station. There is an impressive grave with a touching poem at Bandon Hill Cemetery, and exhibits about him in the Museum of Croydon.

The BRIT School

The town centre was for 30 years home to Europe's largest second-hand record store, Beano's, offering rare vinyl, CDs and books. In November 2008 it was announced that Beano's would close. The premises, off Church Street near the Grant's cinema complex, are to become a "market place" with stalls for rent by small business and individuals.[64] The oldest currently surviving shop in Croydon
Croydon
is 46 South End. Dating back to the 16th century, this Grade II listed building still retains all its original Tudor features. Records show that the premises has been a shop for at least 163 years, where street directories from 1851 give the names of E. C. Johnson & Thorpe. The building is currently in use as a music shop[65] Croydon
Croydon
is home to the BRIT School
BRIT School
for performing arts and technology, based in Selhurst, which has produced stars such as Adele, Jessie J, Amy Winehouse, Leona Lewis, Katie Melua, Katy B, Kate Nash, Imogen Heap, Rizzle Kicks, Dane Bowers and members of the Feeling & the Kooks. Independent of such institutions, Croydon
Croydon
is also the home of artists like Nosferatu D2,[66] Magic Brother, Bad Sign & Cassettes. Media[edit] Croydon
Croydon
plays host to the popular Channel 4
Channel 4
show Peep Show. The ITV police drama The Bill, although set in East London, was filmed in Croydon
Croydon
and many of the town centre locations were filmed around Surrey
Surrey
Street and St George's House (the Nestle building). Sun Hill Police Station is in nearby Mitcham. The opening credit sequence for the sitcom Terry and June
Terry and June
featured the eponymous stars walking around the Whitgift Centre
Whitgift Centre
and the Fairfield Halls. In 2007, the music video for pop star Mika's single "Big Girl (You Are Beautiful)" was shot in various locations around the town, including High Street and Surrey Street Market. The currently vacant Delta Point building, adjacent to West Croydon station appeared in the film The Dark Knight Rises
The Dark Knight Rises
as Gotham General Hospital.[67] Croydon
Croydon
has its own fully independent television station: it does not receive any government or local authority grant or funding and is supported by donations, sponsorship and by commercial advertising.[68] In 2012, Croydon
Croydon
Radio, an internet radio station, began in the area.[69] Sport and leisure[edit] Parks and open spaces[edit]

Queens Gardens in the town centre

The borough has many woods for walking in, which together account for 8.5% of Greater London's woodland resource (626.46 hectares).[70] Among several other parks and open spaces around Croydon, there is an area of landscaped green space in the town centre called Queens Gardens; it is located adjacent to the town hall and Clocktower art centre. Clubs and teams[edit] The most prominent sports club in the borough is Crystal Palace Football Club, based in the purpose-built stadium of Selhurst
Selhurst
Park in the north of the borough since 1924. Palace won promotion to the Premier League
Premier League
(the top tier of football in England) at the end of the 2012–13 season. Croydon
Croydon
has a Non-League football
Non-League football
club, Croydon
Croydon
F.C. and Purley Saint Germain, who play at Croydon
Croydon
Arena. Streatham- Croydon
Croydon
RFC, founded in 1871, is one of Greater London's rugby union clubs, playing just north of the town centre at Frant Road in Thornton Heath. They share their ground with the London Warriors, a British-based American football team. Croydon
Croydon
Amphibians SC plays in Division 2 British Waterpolo League. In 2008, the team won the National League Division 3.[71] Transport[edit]

The inside concourse of East Croydon
Croydon
station

East Croydon
Croydon
mainline station

Tram no. 2544 in Church Street, 2008

Rail[edit] Fast trains to central London have journey times of 13 minutes to London Bridge and 15 minutes to London Victoria
London Victoria
from East Croydon station, the largest and busiest station in Croydon
Croydon
and the tenth busiest in Greater London. Services from East Croydon
Croydon
run both north and south on the Brighton
Brighton
Main Line railway. To the south, trains run to the counties of Sussex, Surrey
Surrey
and Kent
Kent
with services including through-train to Hastings, Southampton, Brighton, Portsmouth
Portsmouth
and Gatwick Airport. To the north, through-trains run to Central London stations including Victoria, London Bridge as well as Thameslink services to St Pancras International, Bedford, Peterborough, St Albans and Luton. West Croydon station is used by routes to the north and west. The East London Line operated by London Overground
London Overground
was extended to West Croydon in May 2010, establishing connections to Surrey
Surrey
Quays, Shoreditch, Dalston
Dalston
and Highbury
Highbury
& Islington. There are also several local rail stations in the borough. Passenger trains through Croydon
Croydon
are provided by Govia Thameslink Railway
Govia Thameslink Railway
brands Southern and Thameslink.[72] Tramlink[edit] The Tramlink
Tramlink
tram system, operated by Tramtrack Croydon, a wholly owned subsidiary of Transport for London,[73] opened in 2000; Croydon is its hub. Its network consists of three lines, from Elmers End
Elmers End
to West Croydon, from Beckenham
Beckenham
to West Croydon, and from New Addington to Wimbledon, with all three lines running via a loop in central Croydon. It is the only tram system in Greater London. It serves Mitcham, Woodside, Addiscombe
Addiscombe
and the Purley Way
Purley Way
retail and industrial area. The system was previously known as the " Croydon
Croydon
Tramlink", having been established under the Croydon
Croydon
Tramlink
Tramlink
Act 1994. Buses[edit] Transport for London
Transport for London
operates many bus routes in and around Croydon. Most buses serve West Croydon
Croydon
bus station, next to the railway station and tram stop. Road[edit] A few miles to the south of Croydon
Croydon
is a small gap in the North Downs, a route for transport from London to the south coast. The London to Brighton
Brighton
road used to pass through the town on North End before the A23 Purley Way
Purley Way
was built to the west. Croydon
Croydon
Airport[edit] Croydon airport
Croydon airport
opened on 29 March 1920 by combining two smaller airfields used for defence in World War I. It developed into one of the great airports of the world during the 1920s and 1930s. It welcomed the world's pioneer aviators in its heyday. As aviation technology progressed and aircraft became larger and more numerous, it was recognised in 1952 that the airport would be too small to cope with increasing air traffic and its role was decreased.. The last scheduled flight departed on 30 September 1959. The air terminal, now known as Airport House adjoining Purley Way
Purley Way
to the west of the town, has been restored and has a museum open one day a month. The name " Croydon
Croydon
Airport" is still used as a landmark and as a bus stop designation. River Wandle[edit] The River Wandle
River Wandle
is a tributary of the River Thames, flowing some 9 miles (14 km) to Wandsworth
Wandsworth
and Putney
Putney
from its source in Croydon. It roughly forms the borough's western boundary with the London Borough of Sutton, and for part of its length also forms the boundary between the London Boroughs of Croydon
Croydon
and Lambeth. One of its tributaries rises in Selhurst. Croydon's early transport links[edit] The horse-drawn Surrey Iron Railway
Surrey Iron Railway
was the world's first public railway. It was opened in 1803, had double track, was some 8.5 miles (13.7 km) long and ran from Wandsworth
Wandsworth
to Croydon, at what is now Reeves Corner. In 1805 it was extended to Merstham
Merstham
as the Croydon, Merstham, and Godstone
Godstone
Railway. The railway boom of the 1840s brought superior and faster steam lines and it closed in 1846. The route is followed in part by the modern Tramlink. The last remaining sections of rail can be seen behind railings in a corner of Rotary Field in Purley. With the opening of the London, Brighton
Brighton
and South Coast Railway line to London Victoria
London Victoria
in 1860 extra platforms were provided at East Croydon, which the LBSCR treated as a separate station named New Croydon. The South Eastern Railway (SER) was excluded from this station, which ran exclusively LBSCR services to London at fares cheaper than those the SER offered from the original station.[74] In 1864, the LBSCR obtained authorisation to construct a ½-mile long branch line into the heart of the town centre near Katharine Street, where Croydon
Croydon
Central station was built. The line opened in 1868 but enjoyed little success and closed in 1871, only to reopen in 1886 under pressure from the Town Council before finally closing in 1890. The station was subsequently demolished and replaced by the Town Hall.[75] In 1897–98, East Croydon
Croydon
and New Croydon
Croydon
were merged into a single station with three island platforms, which remain today, but the two stations kept separate booking accounts until 1924.[74] The Croydon Canal
Croydon Canal
ran for 9.5 miles (15.3 km) from what is now West Croydon
Croydon
station. It travelled north largely along the course of the present railway line to New Cross
New Cross
Gate, where it joined the Grand Surrey
Surrey
Canal and went on into the Thames. It opened in 1809 and had 28 locks. It had a strong competitor in the Surrey Iron Railway
Surrey Iron Railway
and was never a financial success. It sold out to the London & Croydon Railway in 1836. The lake at South Norwood
South Norwood
is the former reservoir for the canal. Croydon Airport
Croydon Airport
on Purley Way
Purley Way
was the main airport for London until it was superseded by London Heathrow Airport
Heathrow Airport
and London Gatwick Airport. Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Croydon

Adele
Adele
attended the BRIT School, Croydon

Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
attended the BRIT School, Croydon

Kate Moss
Kate Moss
is from Croydon

Adele
Adele
(1988–), singer, attended the BRIT School
BRIT School
for Performing Arts at Selhurst Peggy Ashcroft
Peggy Ashcroft
(1907–1991), actress, was born in Croydon, lived in George Street as a child and attended Croydon High School (where she was a friend of Jane Drew); she is honoured in the naming of the Ashcroft Theatre, part of the Fairfield Halls[76] Jon Benjamin, later Chief Executive of the Board of Deputies of British Jews, was born and grew up in Croydon. Raymond Chandler
Raymond Chandler
(1888–1959), American detective fiction writer, lived in Upper Norwood
Upper Norwood
as a schoolboy Anne Clark (1960–), electronic music artist and poet, was born in Croydon Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
(1859–1930), Scottish-born fiction writer, lived at No. 12 Tennison Road, South Norwood
South Norwood
and featured the area in some of his Sherlock Holmes
Sherlock Holmes
detective stories Jane Drew
Jane Drew
(1911–1996), modernist architect, was born in Thornton Heath and was head girl at Croydon High School (where she was a friend of Peggy Ashcroft) Paul Garelli (1924–2006), French Assyriologist, was born in Croydon Ben Haenow
Ben Haenow
(1985–), pop singer, winner of The X Factor (UK series 11), was born in Croydon Roy Hodgson
Roy Hodgson
(1947–), England
England
football manager, was born and grew up in Croydon William Forster Lanchester FRSE
FRSE
(1875-1953) zoologist born and raised in Croydon D. H. Lawrence
D. H. Lawrence
(1885–1930), novelist, lived at 12 Colworth Road, Addiscombe, 1908–1912 whilst a teacher at Davidson Road School David Lean
David Lean
(1908–1991), film director, was born in Croydon[77][78] Kirsty MacColl
Kirsty MacColl
(1959–2000), singer and songwriter, was born and grew up in Croydon David McAlmont (1967-), singer, songwriter, writer, historian; born at St Mary's Maternity Hospital, attended Broadmead Primary. Ralph McTell
Ralph McTell
(1944–), musician, composer of "Streets of London", was brought up in Croydon Katie Melua
Katie Melua
(1984–), musician, singer and songwriter, attended the BRIT School Kate Moss
Kate Moss
(1974–), model, attended Riddlesdown High School Malcolm Muggeridge
Malcolm Muggeridge
(1903–1990), author and media personality, was the son of H. T. Muggeridge, a prominent Croydon
Croydon
Labour councillor, and taught at John Ruskin Central School in the 1920s Lucy Porter
Lucy Porter
(1973–), comedian, was born in Croydon Peter Sarstedt
Peter Sarstedt
(1941–2017), singer, winner of Ivor Novello Award, lived in Croydon
Croydon
as a teenager Captain Sensible
Captain Sensible
(born Raymond Burns, 1954–), guitarist with The Damned, attended school in South Norwood Dan Stevens
Dan Stevens
(1982-), actor, was born in Croydon Stormzy
Stormzy
(born Michael Omari, 1993–), Grime MC and rapper, was born and brought up in Thornton Heath Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
(1983–2011), singer, attended the BRIT School Edward Woodward
Edward Woodward
(1930–2009), actor, was born and for many years lived in Croydon Jason Puncheon
Jason Puncheon
(1986-) English professional footballer who plays in midfield for Crystal Palace

Education[edit] See also: List of schools in Croydon The town is home to Croydon
Croydon
College, with its main site on Park Lane and College Road near East Croydon
Croydon
station. It has over 13,000 students attending one of its three sub-colleges.[79] The sub-colleges were created in 2007. The three sub-colleges are the Croydon
Croydon
Sixth Form College, Croydon
Croydon
Skills and Enterprise College and the Croydon Higher Education College. The Higher Education College offers university-level education in a range of subjects from Law through to Fine Art. Croydon
Croydon
Skills and Enterprise College delivers training and education opportunities. The town has five fee-paying schools, three of which are part of the Whitgift Foundation. Two are boys' schools: Whitgift School
Whitgift School
was situated near the Almshouses until 1931 when it moved to its current site in Haling Park in South Croydon, the Middle School (renamed Trinity School of John Whitgift in 1954) remained on the site until 1965 when it moved to Shirley Park. A direct grant grammar school until 1968, it is now a member of the Headmasters' Conference. Old Palace School, an independent girls' school situated in the old Summer Palace of the Archbishops of Canterbury, joined the Whitgift Foundation group of schools in 1993. Croham Hurst School, an independent girls' school in South Croydon, became part of Old Palace in 2007 and its old buildings are now used as the Old Palace junior school. The site of the old Whitgift grammar school is now the Whitgift shopping centre whose freehold is owned by the Whitgift Foundation. Croydon
Croydon
is also home to three single-sex Catholic state schools. The formerly independent John Fisher School in Purley has not charged fees since the late 1970s, but during the 1990s was selective, choosing boys via exams, interviews, tests, previous school reports and written statements.[citation needed] The school ended its selection policy in 1999, and now accepts pupils under a points system, which discriminates in favour of those who have high mass attendance and whose families are most involved in the Catholic Church.[citation needed] Coloma Convent Girls' School is one of England's Catholic girls' schools: formerly a grammar school, it has now, like John Fisher, adopted points-based admission criteria. St. Joseph's College, located on Beulah Hill in Upper Norwood, is a boys' school with a mixed sixth form. Croydon High School for Girls is an independent girls' school in Selsdon, and a member of the Girls' Day School Trust. The Japanese Saturday School of London, a weekend Japanese programme, uses Croydon High School as its Croydon
Croydon
Campus (クロイドン校舎 Kuroidon Kōsha).[80] Royal Russell School
Royal Russell School
is a co-educational independent boarding and day school in South Croydon
South Croydon
and is a member of the Headmasters' Conference.

The Old Palace School

Croydon
Croydon
College's main buildings in Central Croydon

References[edit]

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Further reading[edit]

Daniel Lysons
Daniel Lysons
(1792), "Croydon", Environs of London, 1: County of Surrey, London: T. Cadell  James Thorne (1876), "Croydon", Handbook to the Environs of London, London: John Murray  Edward Walford (1883), "Croydon", Greater London, London: Cassell & Co., OCLC 3009761 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Croydon, Greater London.

London Borough of Croydon Open directory project

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London Borough of Croydon

Districts

Addington Addiscombe Ashburton Beddington Broad Green Coombe Coulsdon Croydon Crystal Palace Forestdale Hamsey Green Kenley Monks Orchard New Addington Norbury Norwood New Town Old Coulsdon Pollards Hill Purley Roundshaw Russell Hill Sanderstead Selhurst Selsdon Shirley Shirley Oaks South Croydon South Norwood Spring Park Thornton Heath Upper Norwood Upper Shirley Waddon Woodcote Woodside Whyteleafe

Attractions

Addington Palace Croydon
Croydon
Airport Croydon
Croydon
Clocktower

David Lean
David Lean
Cinema Museum of Croydon Croydon
Croydon
Central Library

Croydon
Croydon
Palace Fairfield Halls

Ashcroft Theatre

RAF Kenley Selhurst
Selhurst
Park Shirley Windmill Warehouse Theatre

Street markets

Croydon
Croydon
Farmers Market Surrey
Surrey
Street Market

Parks and open spaces

Addington Hills Addington Park Addington Vale Addiscombe
Addiscombe
Railway Park Addiscombe
Addiscombe
Recreation Ground Apsley Road Playground Ashburton Park Ashburton Playing Fields Beaulieu Heights Brickfields Meadow Coombe Wood Cotelands Duppas Hill Grangewood Park Great North Wood Heavers Meadow Kenley
Kenley
Common Mitcham
Mitcham
Common Norbury
Norbury
Park Park Hill Pollards Hill Purley Downs Queen's Gardens Roundshaw Selsdon
Selsdon
Wood South Norwood
South Norwood
Country Park South Norwood
South Norwood
Lake
Lake
and Grounds South Norwood
South Norwood
Recreation Ground Streatham
Streatham
Vale Park Woodside Green

Constituencies

Croydon
Croydon
South Croydon
Croydon
Central Croydon
Croydon
North

Rail stations and tram stops

Addington Village Addiscombe Ampere Way Arena Beddington
Beddington
Lane Blackhorse Lane Centrale Church Street Coombe Lane Coulsdon
Coulsdon
South Coulsdon
Coulsdon
Town East Croydon Fieldway George Street Gravel Hill Harrington Road Kenley King Henry's Drive Lebanon Road Lloyd Park New Addington Norbury Norwood Junction Purley Oaks Purley Reedham Reeves Corner Riddlesdown Sanderstead Sandilands Selhurst South Croydon Therapia Lane (in LB of Sutton) Thornton Heath Waddon
Waddon
Marsh Waddon Wandle Park Wellesley Road West Croydon Woodmansterne Woodside

Art and architecture

Croydon
Croydon
Vision 2020 Grade I and II* listed buildings Public art Tallest buildings and structures

Other topics

Coat of arms Council Economy People Schools

Category

v t e

Areas of London

Central activities zone

Bloomsbury City of London
City of London
wards Holborn Marylebone Mayfair Paddington Pimlico Soho Southwark Vauxhall Waterloo Westminster

Town centre network

International

Belgravia Knightsbridge West End

Metropolitan

Bromley Croydon Ealing Harrow Hounslow Ilford Kingston Romford Shepherd's Bush Stratford Sutton Uxbridge Wood Green

Major

Angel Barking Bexleyheath Brixton Camden Town Canary Wharf Catford Chiswick Clapham
Clapham
Junction Dalston East Ham Edgware Eltham Enfield Town Fulham Hammersmith Holloway Nags Head Kensington High Street Kilburn King's Road
King's Road
East Lewisham Orpington Peckham Putney Queensway/Westbourne Grove Richmond Southall Streatham Tooting Walthamstow Wandsworth Wembley Whitechapel Wimbledon Woolwich

Districts (principal)

Acton Beckenham Bethnal Green Brentford Camberwell Canada Water Carshalton Chadwell Heath Chingford Clapham Crystal Palace Coulsdon Cricklewood Dagenham Deptford Dulwich Edmonton Elephant and Castle Erith Feltham Finchley Forest Gate Forest Hill Golders Green Greenwich Harlesden Hampstead Harringay Hayes (Hillingdon) Hendon Hornchurch Kentish Town Leyton Mill Hill Mitcham Morden Muswell Hill New Cross New Malden Northwood Notting Hill Penge Pinner Purley Ruislip Sidcup Southgate South Norwood Stanmore Stoke Newington Surbiton Sydenham Teddington Thamesmead Tolworth Tulse Hill Twickenham Upminster Upper Norwood Wanstead Wealdstone Welling West Ham West Hampstead West Norwood Willesden
Willesden
Green Woodford

Neighbourhoods (principal)

Abbey Wood Alperton Anerley Barnes Barnsbury Battersea Beckton Bedford
Bedford
Park Bermondsey Bow Brent Cross Brockley Canonbury Charlton Chelsea Chessington Chipping Barnet Chislehurst Clerkenwell Elmers End Gidea Park Greenford Gunnersbury Hackbridge Hackney Ham Hampton Hanwell Hanworth Harold Wood Highams Park Highbury Highgate Hillingdon Hook Holloway Hoxton Ickenham Isle of Dogs Isleworth Islington Kensal Green Kew Lambeth Manor Park Mortlake Neasden Northolt Nunhead Plaistow (Newham) Poplar Roehampton Rotherhithe Seven Kings Seven Sisters Shoreditch Stamford Hill Stepney St Helier Surrey
Surrey
Quays Tottenham Upper Clapton Walworth Wapping West Drayton Worcester Park Yiewsley

Lists of areas by borough

Barking
Barking
and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster

Fictional

Canley (borough) (The Bill: TV soap) Charnham (suburb) (Family Affairs: TV soap) Gasforth (town) (The Thin Blue Line: TV series) London Below (magical realm) (Neverwhere: TV series, novel) Walford
Walford
(borough) (EastEnders: TV soap)

The London Plan
London Plan
2011, Annex Two: London's Town Centre Network – Greate

.