A CROWN PRINCE or CROWN PRINCESS is the heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy . The wife of a crown prince is also styled _crown princess_.
* 1 Description * 2 Christian/Western traditional titles * 3 \'Crown Prince\' as a title for an heir apparent used today * 4 Other specific traditions * 5 See also * 6 Sources and references
The term is now borne as a title mainly in
In Europe, where primogeniture governs succession to all monarchies
except those of the Papacy and
In some monarchies, those of the
Compare heir apparent and heir presumptive . In Scandinavian kingdoms, the heir presumptive to the crown may hold a different title than the heir apparent : _Hereditary Prince_ (German: _Erbprinz_, French: _prince héréditaire_). It is also the title borne by the heir apparent of Liechtenstein , as well as the heir apparent or presumptive of Monaco . In Luxembourg , the heir apparent bears the title of _Hereditary Grand Duke_ (German: _Erbgroßherzog_, Luxembourgish: _Ierfgroussherzog_); along with _Hereditary Prince_, it was also the title borne by the heirs apparent to the thrones of the grand duchies, sovereign duchies and principalities , and of mediatized princely families in the German monarchies abolished in 1918.
CHRISTIAN/WESTERN TRADITIONAL TITLES
Many monarchies use or did use substantive titles for their heirs apparent, often of historical origin:
* Dauphin (
Kingdom of France )
Duke of Brabant (
\'CROWN PRINCE\' AS A TITLE FOR AN HEIR APPARENT USED TODAY
Currently, the following states use the term "crown prince" (or "crown princess") for the heirs apparent to their thrones:
* Bahrain - Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa * Brunei - Crown Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah * Denmark - Crown Prince Frederik , Count of Montpezat * Japan - Crown Prince Naruhito * Jordan - Crown Prince Hussein * Kuwait - Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah * Morocco - Crown Prince Moulay Hassan * Norway - Crown Prince Haakon * Saudi Arabia - Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman * Swaziland - (position of Crown Prince currently vacant) * Sweden - Crown Princess Victoria , Duchess of Västergötland * Thailand - (position of Crown Prince currently vacant) * Tonga - Crown Prince Tupoutoʻa ʻUlukalala
* United Arab Emirates: each of the constituent emirates of the U.A.E. uses the title of 'Crown Prince' for their heirs apparent:
* Abu Dhabi - Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan * Dubai - Crown Prince Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum * Fujairah - Crown Prince Mohammed bin Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi * Ajman - Crown Prince Ammar bin Humaid Al Nuaimi * Ras Al-Khamiah - Crown Prince Muhammed bin Saud bin Saqr Al Qasimi * Sharjah - Crown Prince Sultan Bin Mohammed Bin Sultan Al Qasimi * Umm al-Quwain - Crown Prince Rashid bin Saud bin Rashid Al Mua'lla
In addition; the following heirs apparent to deposed monarchies use the title of Crown Prince as a title used by international courtesy:
OTHER SPECIFIC TRADITIONS
Persia (Iran) , Pahlavi dynasty and Qajar dynasty , the full style was _Vala Hazrat-i-Humayun Vali Ahd , Shahzada _ (given name)_, (in Persian: والاحضرت همایون ولایتعهد) i.e. His August Imperial Highness the Heir Apparent, Prince ...;_
* the above component VALI AHD (or Velayat Ahd) meaning 'successor by virtue of a covenant' (or various forms and etymological derivations) was adopted by many oriental monarchies, even some non-Muslim, e.g. WALET as alternative title for the Nepali (Hindu) royal heir apparent; first used Crown Prince Trailokya in the middle of the nineteenth century, taken from the Mughal title 'Vali Ahd'
Hindu tradition (Indian subcontinent):
* Yuvaraja was part of the full title in many princely states of India, e.g.
East Asian traditions:
* The cognates of Chinese _Huang Taizi _ (皇太子, "Great Imperial Son") - if a son of the reigning emperor, and _Huang Taisun_ (皇太孫, Great Imperial Grandson) - if a grandson of the emperor:
_IF THE HEIR APPARENT IS A:_ SON GRANDSON
Chinese Huang Taizi Huang Taisun
Japanese Kōtaishi Kōtaison
Korean Hwangtaeja (황태자) Hwangtaeson (황태손)
Vietnamese Hoàng Thái Tử Hoàng Thái Tôn
* During the Joseon Dynasty in Korea , the crown prince was referred as Dong-gung(동궁, 東宮) due to the location of his residence from the main palace; or wangseja (王世子 왕세자). He was not necessarily the first-born son, wonja (元子 원자).
Southeast Asian traditions:
* Siam Makutrajakuman (สยามมกุฎราชกุมาร) in Thailand since 1886. * Krom Phrarajawangboworn Sathanmongkol or Phra Maha Uparaja or commonly called Wang Na (or Front Palace ) in Thailand prior to 1886. * Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Anom in Yogyakarta sultanate and Surakarta , Indonesia . * Raja Muda or Tengku Mahkota in the Malay sultanates of Malaysia . * Pengiran Muda Mahkota in Brunei
Equivalents in other cultures:
SOURCES AND REFERENCES
* RoyalArk- see each present country * Heraldica.org- here napoleonic section
* GND : 4771859-6 * NDL : 00566779
Links: ------ /wiki/Heir_apparent /wiki/Throne /wiki/Monarchy /#Description /#Christian.2FWestern_traditional_titles