Crowley County is one of the 64 counties
of the U.S. state
. As of the 2010 census
, the population was 5,823.
The county seat
Crowley County was created by the Colorado legislature on May 29, 1911, out of the northern portions of Otero County
. Previously both were parts of Bent County
. The county was named for John H. Crowley, senator from Otero County to the state legislature at the time of the split. Its original inhabitants decades earlier were Native Americans
, more Cheyenne
than other tribes at the time the western expansion of the U.S. arrived.
The first significant development and settlement occurred in 1887 when the Missouri Pacific Railroad
came through from the east, on its way to Pueblo
and Colorado's rich gold fields of "Pikes Peak Or Bust
The county seat is in Ordway
, a town established in 1890 that quickly became the economic hub of the area. Other towns still existing along the Missouri Pacific Railroad's route are Sugar City
, and Olney Springs
A few years later, developers brought a canal east from the Arkansas River, with ambitious plans to irrigate a million acres (4000 km2
) in Kansas
; instead, the canal petered out in Crowley County but did irrigate along its length. This turned early Crowley County into a lush agricultural mecca at first.
By the 1970s almost all the water rights were sold from what is now called the Twin Lakes Canal to the fast-growing cities of Colorado's Front Range
corridor. The area's economic activity has shifted toward ranching. Much of the land has returned to its original sparse prairie grassland
The Crowley School
, which is now the Crowley County Heritage Center, is the county's only historic site listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places
Crowley County also today hosts a state prison. The 2000 census showed 5,518 county residents, of which 1,955 were prisoners, giving Crowley County the highest percentage of incarcerated prisoners of any county in the U.S. The county maintained this position in the 2010 census, with 2,682 prisoners out of 5,823 residents.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total area of , of which is land and (1.6%) is water.
, which lies south of Ordway and Sugar City, is the largest of several lakes in the county.
* Lincoln County
* El Paso County
* Otero County
* Kiowa County
* Pueblo County
* State Highway 71
* State Highway 96
* State Highway 167
* State Highway 207
*TransAmerica Trail Bicycle Route
As of the census
of 2000, there were 5,518 people, 1,358 households, and 957 families living in the county. The population density
was 7 people per square mile (3/km2
). There were 1,542 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km2
). The racial makeup of the county was 82.95% White
, 7.05% Black
or African American
, 2.59% Native American
, 0.82% Asian
, 0.02% Pacific Islander
, 4.77% from other races
, and 1.81% from two or more races. 22.54% of the population were Hispanic
of any race.
There were 1,358 households, out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples
living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 18.80% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 39.60% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 205.40 males (this is the highest of any U.S. county/parish in 2000). For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 240.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,803, and the median income for a family was $32,162. Males had a median income of $20,813 versus $21,920 for females. The per capita income
for the county was $12,836. About 15.20% of families and 18.50% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 23.60% of those under age 18 and 13.50% of those age 65 or over. More recent data, published in 2011, estimated that 48.1 percent of the county's residents lived in poverty, and of 3,197 counties ranked by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2011 for "estimated percent of people of all ages in poverty", Crowley was second.
Census data for Crowley County includes 1,955 prisoners. The prison population is 19.23% Black, and 24.35% Hispanic. Without the prisoners, Crowley County would be 86.72% White, 0.36% Black, and 21.55% Hispanic. As a percentage of its population, Crowley County has more of its Census population in prison than any other county in the country.
[''Prison Policy Initiative'']
‘Racial Geography of Mass Incarceration – Appendix A. Counties: Ratios of overrepresentation’
Crowley is a predominantly Republican county. No Democratic presidential nominee has won Crowley County since Lyndon Johnson's 1964 landslide. Before that time, the county largely followed the patterns of Colorado politics in general, from strongly Democratic during the William Jennings Bryan and Woodrow Wilson eras to Republican leaning from the time of Wendell Willkie onwards.
*Outline of Colorado
*Index of Colorado-related articles
*Colorado census statistical areas
*National Register of Historic Places listings in Crowley County, Colorado
*Pike's Peak Gold Rush
Crowley County Government website
Colorado Historical Society
Category:1911 establishments in Colorado
Category:Populated places established in 1911