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The cross-strait charters (simplified Chinese: 两岸包机; traditional Chinese: 兩岸包機; pinyin: liǎng'àn bāojī) are special flights between Taiwan
Taiwan
and Mainland China, across the Taiwan Strait. After the Chinese Civil War, no direct flights were allowed between Taiwan
Taiwan
and Mainland China
Mainland China
due to mistrust and security concerns; this remained the case until 2003. Passengers had to transfer in a third city, such as Hong Kong, to complete their trip. For the years 2003 and 2005, the scheme was restricted for the Chinese New Year period, so it was then called the Lunar New Year cross-strait charter (simplified Chinese: 两岸春节包机; traditional Chinese: 兩岸春節包機; pinyin: liǎng'àn chūnjié bāojī) in Taiwan, and the charter for Taiwan
Taiwan
residents (simplified Chinese: 台湾居民包机; traditional Chinese: 臺灣居民包機; pinyin: táiwān jūmín bāojī) in Mainland China. For these years, the scheme was restricted for Taiwanese businessmen and their family members (excluding students and tourists) who are in Mainland China
Mainland China
to travel to and from Taiwan. In 2006, the service was opened to all residents of Taiwan
Taiwan
for the first time. From the Mid-Autumn Festival
Mid-Autumn Festival
on 2006, the valid period of the agreement was expanded to four main Chinese festivals: Qingming Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival, and the original Chinese New Year. In July 2008, charter flights expanded to weekends. Flight restrictions on nationalities were removed and Mainland China residents as well as foreign citizens were able to take the flights. In November 2008, flights became daily instead only for the weekends. 108 weekly flights were established and the planes no longer had to travel through Hong Kong
Hong Kong
airspace, cutting travel times by two thirds in some cases such as flying from Taipei
Taipei
to Shanghai. In April 2009, a new agreement was reached to allow cross-strait flights to become regularly scheduled instead of chartered. The cap on the flights was also raised to 270 flights per week, effective 31 August 2009.[1] On 22 May 2010, another 100 additional weekly flights were permitted to be operated effective 14 June 2010, and Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport
Airport
and Shijiazhuang Airport
Airport
were added to the list of allowed destinations.[2][3]

Contents

1 Background 2 The talks

2.1 Aviation industry 2.2 Reaction in Taiwan
Taiwan
and in Mainland China

3 2003 Charters

3.1 Events 3.2 Flight record 3.3 Flight details

4 2005 Charters

4.1 Events 4.2 Flight records 4.3 Flight details

5 One-Way/round-trip argument 6 2006 Charters

6.1 Events 6.2 Flight details

7 2008 Humanitarian flights 8 2008 Charters 9 Three Links 10 See also 11 References

Background[edit] There was no official contact for over 50 years between the governments of Taiwan
Taiwan
— where the Kuomintang
Kuomintang
(KMT) had retreated — and Mainland China
Mainland China
since the Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
established the People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
in 1949, after the Chinese Civil War. However, when the Chinese Economic Reform began welcoming foreign funds in the 1980s, Mainland China
Mainland China
sought greater contact with Taiwan. Chiang Ching-kuo
Chiang Ching-kuo
refused, beginning a policy of "Three Noes". The Three Noes
Three Noes
policy was abandoned, however, when a Taiwan
Taiwan
flight was hijacked and Taiwan
Taiwan
was forced to negotiate with Mainland China, beginning a series of negotiations. Merchants started investing in Mainland China
Mainland China
and people visited their relatives. Air traffic between Taiwan
Taiwan
and Mainland China
Mainland China
grew dramatically, but no direct flights were allowed. Passengers traveling to Mainland China
Mainland China
had to travel via an intermediate destination such as Hong Kong
Hong Kong
or Macau, or via South Korea and Japan. The travel time usually took more than a half day, especially during the holidays such as the Spring Festival. In the 1990s, the government of Mainland China
Mainland China
proposed the 'three direct links' - including direct air flights between Mainland China and Taiwan
Taiwan
- to ease the travel problem. However, Taiwanese government rejected this idea. In 2002, Taiwan
Taiwan
legislator John Chiang proposed that there should be special charters across the strait, and received support from the public and the aviation industry in Taiwan. The talks[edit] The previous regime of negotiations via the Straits Exchange Foundation and the Association for Relations Across the Taiwan
Taiwan
Straits had broken down by the time Chen Shui-bian
Chen Shui-bian
came to office. A political impasse prevented the resumption of semi-official dialogue, because the People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
government insisted on the recognition of the one China
China
principle or the more ambiguous 1992 consensus
1992 consensus
as the basis for the talks. By contrast, the Republic of China
China
government under Chen Shui-bian
Chen Shui-bian
did not recognise the one China
China
principle and repudiated the 1992 consensus
1992 consensus
reached under the previous administration. As a result, aviation industry bodies were accredited by the respective governments to negotiate only on the technical and operational aspects of the charter flights. The governmental bodies politically responsible for the talks were the ROC Affairs Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, led by Chen Yunlin. From 2000 to 2008, progress of talks were often severely affected by the political climate in Taiwan. After the re-election of the Chen Shui-bian government in 2004, the talks for the 2004 Chinese New Year charter flights were aborted when the PRC government was offended by Chen's independence-leaning rhetoric talks. Aviation industry[edit] Aviation companies operated at a huge loss for the 2003 charter flights due to the fact that all passengers could only travel one-way - that is, the flights traveled with no passengers for half the journey. Moreover, due to complicated procedures set out in the talks, the aviation companies could not hold direct-flights and had to travel through Hong Kong
Hong Kong
or Macau, greatly increasing their cost. Nonetheless, the aviation companies were glad to provide the services, in part due to the historical nature and in part due to the possible promotional benefits from participating in the events, which were widely reported by the media. Reaction in Taiwan
Taiwan
and in Mainland China[edit] The Pan-Blue coalition, which led the talks from Taiwan, supported the charter flights. The majority Pan-Green coalition, however, saw it as "step towards reunification " which Taiwanese people do not prefer and criticized the Pan-Blue coalition for holding talks with the PRC without government permissions. The Taiwanese public at large, and especially the merchants who benefited the most, supported the charter flights, and the Pan-Blue coalition benefited from the positive response. 2003 Charters[edit]

Time Period: January 26 to February 10, 2003 Number of flights: 16 Passengers: ROC businesspersons only Destinations: Shanghai
Shanghai
<-> Taipei, Kaohsiung Airlines: Six Taiwanese carriers Number of Travelers: approximate 2600 Feature: One way only, with a mandatory stop-over

Events[edit]

October 27, 2002: ROC legislator John Chiang proposed The Project of Mainland Taiwanese Businesspeople Returning Home, the project of "the direct charter". He said that Taiwanese airliners should be allowed to carry merchants back to Taipei
Taipei
at certain times, between selected airports, during the Lunar New Year. October 30, 2002: The Taiwan Affairs Office
Taiwan Affairs Office
of the State Council stated their willingness to help Taiwan
Taiwan
merchants return home. The PRC claimed the idea of equality and mutual benefit, hoping that PRC carriers could also provide services; however, the ROC government disagreed. December 4, 2002: The ROC government established regulations for allowing ROC business people to return to Mainland China:

Only ROC operators could fly the routes during the Chinese New Year
Chinese New Year
as a charter. Flights may only originate in Taipei's Chiang Kai-shek International Airport
Airport
( Taiwan
Taiwan
Taoyuan International Airport) and Kaohsiung International Airport, and may only arrive in Shanghai
Shanghai
Hongqiao International Airport
Airport
or Shanghai
Shanghai
Pudong International Airport. Charters must have at least one stopover in either Hong Kong
Hong Kong
or Macau, with no traffic between the stopover and both Taiwan
Taiwan
and Mainland China
China
cities. Passengers may only be merchants and their families.

Between late 2002 to early 2003, six Taiwanese airlines applied to run the charters. On January 26, 2003, at 3:55 am, China Airlines
China Airlines
flight 585 operated with a Boeing 747
Boeing 747
departed from Chiang Kai-shek International Airport of Taipei. The crew consisted of pilots Zhang Yisong and Chen Beibei on board. After a stop in Hong Kong, the aircraft landed successfully at Shanghai
Shanghai
Pudong International Airport
Pudong International Airport
at 8:52 am, and became the first legal Taiwanese aircraft to land in Mainland China
Mainland China
for more than 54 years. On 11:15 am, a China Airlines
China Airlines
flight carrying 222 passengers took off from Pudong International Airport
Pudong International Airport
and arrived at Taiwan
Taiwan
Taoyuan International Airport
Airport
at 3:40am with a short stop in Hong Kong. On the same day, TransAsia Airways
TransAsia Airways
flight 386, an Airbus A320, left Taipei
Taipei
with no passengers at 8:20, and reached Shanghai
Shanghai
at 12:40 pm via Macau. The return flight with 137 passengers departed Shanghai
Shanghai
at 2 pm, and arrived Kaohsiung
Kaohsiung
at 6:15 with a stopover in Macau. On February 9, China Airlines
China Airlines
flight 585 was the last flight of the 2003 Lunar New Year charter services. The flight arrived with 237 travelers on board in Pudong International Airport
Pudong International Airport
at 11:14 pm the same day.

The period of 16 charter flights occurred between January 26 and February 9, 2003. Flight record[edit]

Airlines From Shanghai
Shanghai
to Taiwan Stop-over From Taiwan
Taiwan
to Shanghai

China
China
Airlines January 26 Hong Kong February 9

TransAsia Airways January 26 Macau February 7

Far Eastern Air Transport January 27,28,29 (3 flights in total) Macau February 5,6,7 (3 flights in total)

EVA Air January 29 Macau February 8

Uni Air January 29 Macau February 8

Mandarin Airlines January 30 Hong Kong February 7

Flight details[edit]

China Airlines
China Airlines
(CAL) operated the first flight. Due to the one-way-only service restriction, only the crew, securities of the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (ROC side), two officers of the Mainland Affairs Council, and 14 CAL staff were on board the Taipei- Shanghai
Shanghai
section for the first flights ceremony. After coming to a complete standstill, staff at Pudong International Airport
Airport
showed a huge red banner with the words "热烈欢迎中华航空公司包机首航上海" (Ardently welcome CAL's First charter flight to Shanghai). A "Lion Dance" show was held. CAL Chief executive officer Wei, Philip Hsing-Hsiung (present Chairman) and crew waved their hands in greeting when stepping out the aircraft. Due to the sensitive state and the problem on using the Taiwan Compatriot Pass, the vice secretary of the Mainland Affairs Council, Zhi-Hong Jam(詹志宏) did not attend the celebration but stayed in the aircraft after a short salutation. At C.K.S. International Airport, Taipei, CAL arranged a small ceremony to salute the first passengers. Then CAL Chairman Lee, Yun-Ning said "It's better to have direct flight as soon as possible. It's better to have it from tomorrow." The greeting ceremony was different in Kaohsiung. Numerous police were inside the terminal waiting for TransAsia's flight back to Kaohsiung.

2005 Charters[edit]

Time Period: January 26 to February 20, 2005 Number of flights: 48 Passengers: Mainly businesspeople, some tourists and overseas students Destinations: Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou
Guangzhou
<-> Taipei, Kaohsiung Airlines: Six Taiwanese carriers and six Chinese airlines Number of travelers: more than 10,000 Features: Both way available without any stopover

Events[edit]

There was no charter service in 2004 for several reasons, including the ROC presidential election in which the independence-leaning Pan-Green coalition was re-elected. In December 2004, John Chiang expressed high expectations for the 2005 charter. January 2, 2005, the spokesperson of The Taiwan Affairs Office
Taiwan Affairs Office
of the State Council proclaimed that they do care for the accomplishment of 2005 charters. They also demanded that the services this time should be operated as round-trip, non-stop service by airlines of both side with an increased number of destinations. They suggested the civil airlines negotiate with each other on technical and operational problems. January 9, 2005, Mission Animating the Tai-merchants Charters led by John Chiang arrived Beijing. January 10, 2005, Chen Yunlin, minister of the Taiwan
Taiwan
Affairs Office (PRC), delegate of the General Administration of Civil Aviation (PRC) met during the mission. Chen said he would urge to carry the air links into reality. January 11, 2005, During the conference, the PRC aspect hoped the available airports could include Taichung. But the proposal was rejected by the ROC because Taichung Airport
Taichung Airport
is an air force base. The ROC aspect hoped the destinations could be more than Beijing
Beijing
and original Shanghai, like Guangzhou, Xiamen, Chongqing, and Shenzhen. The ROC also wished that flights could fly through Okinawa
Okinawa
Flight Information Region in order to reduce the unnecessarily lengthy flight time. The PRC refused the rearward in avoiding the charters being considered as international flights. They only permitted the flights go via the air space of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau. January 15, the civil operators came to terms. The agreement is as follows,

Time Period: January 29~February 20, 2005. Restricted destinations: Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou
Guangzhou
<-> Taipei, Kaohsiung Airlines on both side could apply the charters to the related governmental departments on the opposite side. Charters would operated in the type of "Both-joining, directly non-stop, carrying passengers both ways (round-trip), and more dots (means destinations in Chinese) included". Only Tai-merchants could take the flights. Planes had to go through the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Flight Information Region without landing.

Between January 29 and February 20, 2005, twelve mainland Chinese and Taiwanese airlines flew 48 charters. At 7:46 am on January 29, Air China
Air China
Flight 1087 was the first flight to depart Mainland China
Mainland China
with 88 passengers. China Airlines
China Airlines
flight 581 was the first to depart Taiwan
Taiwan
aircraft from Chiang Kai-shek International Airport
Airport
in Taipei. At 9:20 am, China Southern Airlines
China Southern Airlines
Flight 3097, originating in Guangzhou, arrived Chiang Kai-Shek International Airport
Airport
in Taipei. China
China
Southern became the first airline landing Taiwan
Taiwan
legally after the Chinese Civil War. The reason why the earliest-departed was not the earliest-arrived is that Guangzhou, which the city is located in the southern province of Guangdong, is far closer to Taiwan
Taiwan
than the northern Beijing. On February 20, the last charter of the year, Hainan Airlines
Hainan Airlines
flight 7952 arrived Beijing
Beijing
Capital International Airport
Airport
at 9:30pm.

Flight records[edit] The six mainland Chinese airlines originated in three cities in Mainland China: Beijing
Beijing
(Air China, Hainan Airlines), Shanghai
Shanghai
(China Eastern Airlines), and Guangzhou
Guangzhou
( China
China
Southern Airlines, Xiamen Airlines). All Air China's flight are operated by Shandong Airlines' aircraft to avoid Air China's livery which features the "Five Star Red Flag". The Taiwanese airlines were the same as in 2003. Most Taiwanese flights departed for Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(TransAsia Airways), and Kaohsiung
Kaohsiung
was mainly serviced by Uni Air. Flight details[edit]

This was the first time in which mainland Chinese airlines were allowed to fly the charters, which was why the mainland Chinese carriers were more zealous in preparing the flights. Airlines in Taiwan, however, thought that the preparing time was shorter than that of 2003. Moreover, many merchants had already bought tickets of flights which needed stopovers in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
or Macau. The Taiwanese airlines therefore postponed their launching date to that closer to New Year's Eve. Chinese carrier were more "first-flight-bashing" than Taiwanese. They labored over it hoping to be the first mainland Chinese airlines arriving Taiwan. Original, Air China
Air China
(CA) arranged the outbound plane leaving at 4:30 a.m., January 29, 2005. But they adjust the time to eight o'clock in the morning. It made CA the first-left airlines. However, they departed 14 minutes earlier than the scheduled 8:00, and that caused a "delayed" passenger to miss his flight. He was angry about CA's arrangement. Geographically, Guangzhou
Guangzhou
is closer to Taiwan
Taiwan
than any other major mainland Chinese city, so the China
China
Southern Airlines' (CZ) flight CZ3097 which departed at 8:00 became the first P. R. Chinese plane touching down in Taiwan. Because Guangzhou
Guangzhou
is the base of CZ, on January 29, CZ3097 had a greater celebration ceremony than the Xiamen Airlines's flight MF881, which parked beside it, leaving 15 minutes later. Air China
Air China
used the rented aircraft from Shandong Airlines
Shandong Airlines
that time. The reason might be that all CA aircraft have the Five-Starred Red Flag and word "國際" meaning "International" on them. they wanted to avoid the charters being confounded with the international flights. Though Taipei
Taipei
aspect said that it was acceptable, CA or the Mainland China
China
aspect was still not willing to do so. They used Shandong Airlines's aircraft with repainted "國航" words (abbreviation of Air China
China
without the original "International" meaning in Chinese) with no flag at the end. All mainland Chinese carriers flew faster than expected. Take CA for example, the charter to Taipei
Taipei
and Kaohsiung
Kaohsiung
landed at 11:33 and 11:35 am, both an hour earlier. Hainan Airlines' flight from Beijing
Beijing
to Taipei
Taipei
arrived 33 minutes beforehand. China
China
Eastern forwarded 30 minutes from Shanghai
Shanghai
to Taipei. Shanghai
Shanghai
Airlines was 17 minutes ahead of time. Hainan Airlines
Hainan Airlines
was 33 mins ahead of schedule. CZ and Xiamen
Xiamen
Airlines both antedated 4 mins. The CA captain Zhou, Ning said it was because that passengers have had boarded fast as the result of early took-off. And by the time passing Hong Kong
Hong Kong
FIR, the control centre asked them to go faster. So they arrived earlier. Meanwhile, as confided, the Mainland Affairs Council
Mainland Affairs Council
regulated charters should go pass above the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
International Airport. Nevertheless, CAD (Civil Aviation Department) of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
did not response. So the flights follow the notice from CAD for "continuation of international flights". This meant that the flights no longer needed to pass through the surrounding area of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
International Airport. Direct flights from Shantou
Shantou
can now pass through Xiamen
Xiamen
and Fuzhou
Fuzhou
to final destination, Shanghai. Another reason for shorter flight time is due to seasonal winds. The above promoter, ROC legislator John Chiang, was not allowed to travel the cross-strait charter due to his non-merchants dignity. He had to transfer to another flight for Beijing
Beijing
at Hong Kong
Hong Kong
for the launch ceremony. He said in jest, "Maybe I should have a soy milk store in Beijing
Beijing
so that I could be a Taiwan
Taiwan
merchant!" China
China
Southern Captain How, Jien-hwa (郝建華) confided that when the first-arrived-in- Taiwan
Taiwan
charter flight CZ3097 reached the Taipei Flight Information Region, he and the controller communicated in Chinese most of the time with very little English. In particular, at the time approaching the airport, the Mandarin euphony "歡迎來到台北" (Welcome to Taipei!) from the ground sounded especially accommodative. At 8:47 am when the aircraft entered the Taiwan
Taiwan
airspace and Captain How proclaimed the information, the passengers celebrated. How then said a few words representing the exhilaration that all on board had, "The same sky, the same agog spirit" (一樣的天空,激動的心情) Each airline company chose the best pilots and crews for these flights. The cuisine was specially designed to suit passengers tastes. Planes with special liveries were also chosen for the charter flights.

About the aircraft, Hainan Airlines
Hainan Airlines
took National Beauty and Golden wheat, the Harvest as the topic of its painting on the plane. At the same time, TransAsia Airways
TransAsia Airways
painted the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
actress Carina Lau on their plane, and invited her to be their spokesperson. Many other airlines also decorated the cabin with plenty Chinese decorations representing the Chinese New Year. Commodore for the first flight: The first landed China
China
Southern flight was flown by Captain How, Jien-hwa. He was the general manager of China
China
Southern, who has been flying for over 36 years. In 2003, he was even Captain of the flight to Kabul, Afghanistan, which was carrying the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Tang, Jia-xuan (唐家璇). The "First Charter-to-go" for Air China
Air China
was flown by Captain Yibin Gin, aged 37, the captain of the third pilot crew (第三飛行大隊) in the company. He was the youngest captain of a pilot crew throughout the nation, having been flying for 16 years and over ten thousand hours. The first flight captains for China Airlines
China Airlines
were Hsiaoping Wang (王曉平), Menghsian Ma (馬孟先), and copilot Sun Hui-Chün (孫慧君), a woman. EVA Airways' first flight captain was Tso Wei-kang (左惟康), who had also flown the 2003 charters. Flight attendants were all the best of the best of each carrier: airlines picked the very best elite crews to serve passengers on New Year charters. They need to speak excellent Mandarin and Taiwanese. As the charters for Lunar New Year, airlines also designed special uniform corresponding to the holiday. Being the first Taiwanese carrier arriving in Guangzhou, TransAsia Airways sent for the welcoming ceremony their own cheerleaders with banners on which "Hello Guangzhou!" was written. The TransAsia cheerleaders are made up with its flight attendants and usually cheer on Taiwanese baseball teams. On board some flights, flight attendants put on performances. The cabin crew on Air China
Air China
sang chorally the famous Taiwanese song "Grandma's Penghu
Penghu
Bay" (外婆的澎湖灣), and played the Chinese nursery rhymes "The Jasmine Flowers" on the saxophone. Attendants on Xiamen
Xiamen
Airlines greeted passengers in Min Nan, showing that their home base, Fujian Province
Fujian Province
has a close kinship with Taiwan
Taiwan
both geographically and demographically. Meals on board also became a spotlight. Airlines catering departments had invented special menus, with the following:

Air China Hainan Airlines Organized by chef Chen, Xiao-hong (陳嘯紅). Dumplings exclusively for Lunar New Year.

China
China
Southern Outbound: rice noodles with Taiwanese meat sauce, Lo mai gai, shrimp dumpling, fruits, and dessert. Inbound:roasted pork the Taiwanese style, roast duck the Cantonese style, cod, fruits, and Cheese.

Shanghai
Shanghai
Airlines Shanghai
Shanghai
specialty Wu xiang dou wine

Xiamen
Xiamen
Airlines Famous Oolong
Oolong
Tea provided for passengers, including Tieguanyin
Tieguanyin
from Anxi, Fujian, Oolong
Oolong
from Wuyi Mountains, and Dong Ding tea
Dong Ding tea
from Taiwan specialty Min Nan
Min Nan
Street food

TransAsia Airways Breakfast (Chinese style): Luffa
Luffa
with rice noodles, Breakfast (Western style):Omelette Flight Gaungzhou-Taipei: Cheese cake Drinks: longan tea with red date. Chocolate was delivered to all passengers in red envelope.

EVA Air Beijing
Beijing
cuisine, Taiwanese cuisine Flight to Shanghai: Stir-Fried Rice Cake with Potherb Mustard, Lion's head, Yanjing Beer, and Yellow Wine.

Uni Air Local Taiwanese taste, including seafood compact, Lou mei
Lou mei
compact, good-fortune noodles, Pork ribs
Pork ribs
old-fashioned style. Drinks: longan tea with red date.

China
China
Airlines Taiwanese, Shanghainese, and Beijing
Beijing
cuisine sausage glutinous rice, tangerine (resembling good fortune) Chicken-themed cuisine

Mandarin Airlines Stir-Fried Rice Cake and siu mei rice

China
China
Eastern Far Eastern Air Transport Taiwanese Tastes:salt-watered chicken, fried rice noodles, Three-Cup Chicken, Water chestnut cake, and coconut cake.

Although the Mainland Affairs Council
Mainland Affairs Council
had ruled that only Taiwanese merchants and their family would be able to use the charters, many beyond the regulation were also on board, including tourists, students, journalists, and even Filipino domestic helpers who are not even Taiwanese residents. The reason might be, according to some, that Taiwanese merchant certificates are quite accessible through most Taiwanese merchants associations. Not every chartered flight was full. On February 5, the Far Eastern Air Transport flight EF666 from Taipei
Taipei
to Guangzhou
Guangzhou
had only four passengers on board. Taiwanese merchant Ms. Lai and her family traveled from Wuhan, Hubei
Hubei
on a Xiamen
Xiamen
Airlines flight back to Taipei on January 29, and then on a Far Eastern Air Transport
Far Eastern Air Transport
flight to Guangzhou
Guangzhou
on February 5. Ms. Lai and her family (four passengers total) and a flight crew of 20.

One-Way/round-trip argument[edit] As the charter flight was only for Taiwanese merchants returning home for the Chinese New Year, there would not be a demand to travel from Taiwan
Taiwan
to Mainland China
Mainland China
before the New Year's Day. Neither would there be people needing to travel on the flights from Mainland China to Taiwan
Taiwan
that operated on dates after the New Year period. In order to make sure the original purpose was not violated, in the 2003 case, the ROC government ensured that passengers could only travel one way, that meant no one was allowed to fly from Taiwan
Taiwan
to Mainland China
Mainland China
before the festival, and no one could travel on the return flight after the festival. However, since the 2005 charters, the ROC government later approved of passengers traveling the entire round-trip though there were still other limits. 2006 Charters[edit]

Time span: January 20, 2006 to February 13, 2006 Number of flights: 36 flights in each direction, 72 flights in total Main target: Taiwanese residents Cities served: PRC -- Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Xiamen ; ROC -- Taipei, Kaohsiung Airlines: 6 airline companies from ROC and PRC

PRC -- Air China, China
China
Eastern Airlines, China
China
Southern Airlines, Shanghai
Shanghai
Airlines, Xiamen
Xiamen
Airlines, Hainan Airlines ROC -- China
China
Airlines, Eva Air, Mandarin Airlines, Uni Air, TransAsia Airways, Far Eastern Air Transport

Number of passengers: To be tabulated Features: Direct flights to and from Mainland China, passing through Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Flight Information Region

Events[edit]

November 18, 2005:vice director-general of Cross-Straits Aviation Transport Exchange Council (海峡两岸航空运输交流委员会) Pu Zhaozhou said at the news conference of the Taiwan
Taiwan
Affairs Office of the State Council that the plan for 2006 charters has been confirmed. January 20, 2006: 07:06am, China Airlines
China Airlines
flight CI 585, the earliest-departed charter, took off at the Taipei
Taipei
Chiang Kai-Shek International Airport, and arrived Shanghai
Shanghai
at around noon. The returning flight (same aircraft with new flight number - CI586) included a Taiwanese motor neurone disease patient, the 1960s singer Ye Ling (葉彩育). The ROC's Mainland Affairs Council
Mainland Affairs Council
also permitted two mainland Chinese paramedic to take the charter to assist the patient. This was also the first time for heavily-injured people to be able to travel home directly across the strait for their treatment. China
China
Airlines, especially for her, ripped six seats in a row with two left. The spare space was for her stretcher's settlement; this made Ye's way home comfortable. "My Wife couldn't make her way back to Taiwan
Taiwan
if there had not been the charters!" her husband said appreciatively.[4] 2006 was the first time for adding Xiamen
Xiamen
to be a destination.

Flight details[edit]

Different from the great reactions in 2005, media and airlines took the 2006 one much less seriously. The airline operating the first-departed charter, China
China
Airlines, did not hold any ceremony; it only saw the charter as a normal commercial flight. Quantity of news reports from both sides of the strait was less than the previous one. Only the Taiwanese Eastern Television
Eastern Television
and the mainland Chinese CCTV have had some reports on news programs.[citation needed] Specially-designed aircraft was the focus of this year. Most airlines sent out their aircraft with special livery to fly the routes:

Air China
Air China
used a Boeing 737-700
Boeing 737-700
aircraft which registration number is B-5202 with logos and slogan, One World, One Dream, of 2008 Beijing Olympics on it. EVA Air
EVA Air
used an Airbus A330
Airbus A330
aircraft, registration number B-16303, which has Hello Kitty
Hello Kitty
characters painted on it. It flew the Taipei
Taipei
- Beijing
Beijing
route. Hainan Airlines' "Happy Waves" (快樂海浪) special-painted plane operated the Beijing- Taipei
Taipei
flight, symbolizing the cheerful setting sail. Far Eastern Air Transport
Far Eastern Air Transport
flew to Xiamen
Xiamen
with their painted plane "unlimited dignity", showing respect to all charter passengers.

2008 Humanitarian flights[edit] Date: May 16, 2008 Airlines: EVA Air
EVA Air
(Chongqing), China Airlines
China Airlines
(Chongqing), TransAsia Airways (Chongqing), Mandarin Airlines
Mandarin Airlines
(Chengdu) Due to the Sichuan earthquake, many Taiwan
Taiwan
travelers were unable to get flights out of the quake region. Both governments reached a deal and chartered four flights to depart from Chengdu
Chengdu
and Chongqing
Chongqing
to Taiwan
Taiwan
on May 16, 2008. 2008 Charters[edit]

Route Map of the weekend Cross-strait charter, for flights as of August, 2008.

Under the agreement reached on June 13, 2008, charter flights began on weekends starting July 4, 2008.[5] A total of 18 flights per weekend (Friday to Monday) are allowed under this agreement. Unlike previous charters, anyone with legal traveling documents, regardless of nationality, was allowed to travel on these charter flights. Initially, Mainland China
Mainland China
permitted flights from Beijing, Shanghai (Pudong Airport), Guangzhou, Xiamen, and Nanjing
Nanjing
airports, and the plan was to permit flights from Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Guilin, Shenzhen, Shenyang, Xian
Xian
and other spots with market demand in the future, while the ROC government permitted flights from Taiwan
Taiwan
Taoyuan Airport, Taipei
Taipei
Songshan Airport, Kaohsiung, Taichung, Makung, Hualien, Kinmen, and Taitung. On July 4, 2008, the first flight carrying 230 passengers belonging to China Southern Airlines
China Southern Airlines
arrived at Taoyuan International Airport.[6] Three Links[edit] Started on 15 December 2008, direct flights, direct shippings and direct mail are fully restored between Mainland China
Mainland China
and Taiwan
Taiwan
per the Three Links
Three Links
agreement. It marks the end of cross-strait charter flights and marks the beginning of regular scheduled flights. Shanghai and Taipei
Taipei
Area Control Center can pass traffic to each other at SULEM[clarification needed] in the northern flight path while no direct pass-off for southern flight path. See also[edit]

China
China
portal Taiwan
Taiwan
portal Aviation portal

Three Links Political status of Taiwan History of the Republic of China Cross-Straits relations Kuomintang

References[edit]

^ https://web.archive.org/web/20090430102402/http://online.wsj.com/article/BT-CO-20090426-700018.html. Archived from the original on April 30, 2009.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ http://atwonline.com/airports-routes/news/chinese-carriers-expected-operate-more-cross-straits-flights-0524 ^ http://www.etaiwannews.com/etn/news_content.php?id=1284453&lang=eng_news ^ "两岸包机直航首开载重症病患返台." BBC
BBC
Chinese. ^ "Direct China- Taiwan
Taiwan
flights begin". BBC. 2008-07-04. Retrieved 2008-07-04.  ^ "Historic China- Taiwan
Taiwan
flights a sign of warming relations". CBC. 2008-07-04. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 

v t e

Cross-Strait relations

 People's Republic of China  Republic of China

Organizations

Taiwan
Taiwan
Affairs Office Association for Relations Across the Taiwan
Taiwan
Straits Communist Party of China Kuomintang
Kuomintang
Revolutionary Committee Taiwan
Taiwan
Democratic Self-Government League

Paramount leaders

Xi Jinping Hu Jintao Jiang Zemin Deng Xiaoping

People

Chen Deming Chen Yunlin Zhang Zhijun Wang Yi Wang Daohan

Organizations

Mainland Affairs Council Straits Exchange Foundation Kuomintang Democratic Progressive Party National Unification Council

Presidents

Tsai Ing-wen Ma Ying-jeou Chen Shui-bian Lee Teng-hui

People

Lin Join-sane Wang Yu-chi Chiang Pin-kung Lai Shin-yuan Koo Chen-fu

Mainland China, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen
Kinmen
and Matsu

Events

Treaty of Shimonoseki
Treaty of Shimonoseki
(1895) Retrocession of Taiwan
Taiwan
(1945) February 28 Incident
February 28 Incident
(1947) Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War
(1946–1950) First Taiwan Strait
Taiwan Strait
Crisis (1954–1955) Second Taiwan Strait
Taiwan Strait
Crisis (1958) PRC entry to the United Nations (1971) Lieyu Massacre (1987) Third Taiwan Strait
Taiwan Strait
Crisis (1995–1996) Anti-Secession Law
Anti-Secession Law
(2005) Pan–Blue visits to mainland China
China
(2005) Cross-Strait charter
Cross-Strait charter
(2005–2008) Sunflower Movement (2014) 2014 Wang–Zhang meetings 2015 Xi–Chu meeting 2015 Ma–Xi meeting

Negotiations

Kinmen
Kinmen
Agreement (1990) Wang–Koo summit
Wang–Koo summit
(1993) Cross-Strait high-level talks
Cross-Strait high-level talks
(2008–current) Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement
Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement
(2010) Cross-Strait Economic, Trade and Culture Forum
Cross-Strait Economic, Trade and Culture Forum
(2006–current) Straits Forum
Straits Forum
(2009–current) Shanghai- Taipei
Taipei
City Forum (2010–current) Cross-Strait Service Trade Agreement
Cross-Strait Service Trade Agreement
(2013) Cross-Strait Peace Forum
Cross-Strait Peace Forum
(2013–current)

Concepts

China
China
and the United Nations Political status of Taiwan Chinese unification One country, two systems One China, Better system Taiwan
Taiwan
independence movement 1992 Consensus one China, respective interpretations no unification, no independence and no use of force Three Links One- China
China
policy Two Chinas One Country on Each Side Three Noes Six Assurances Special
Special
state-to-state relations Four Noes and One Without Zhonghua minzu Special
Special
non-state-to-state relations Cross-Strait Economic Zone Free area of the Republic of China Chinese Taipei

v t e

Commercial air travel

Airlines

Airline
Airline
codes Airline
Airline
holding companies Charter airlines Low-cost airlines Passenger airlines Regional airlines

Alliances

Oneworld SkyTeam Star Alliance Value Alliance Vanilla Alliance U-FLY Alliance

Trade groups

International (ACO ATAG IATA IATAN ISTAT) United States (A4A RAA) Europe (AEA EBAA ELFAA ERA) Other regions (AACO AAPA AFRAA RAAA)

Aircrew

Captain First Officer Second Officer Third Officer Flight attendant Flight engineer Loadmaster Pilot Purser Deadheading

Airliner

Travel class

First class (aviation) First class travel Business Premium economy Economy

Aircraft cabin Aircraft lavatory Aircraft seat map Airline
Airline
meal Airline
Airline
seat Buy on board Crew rest compartment In-flight entertainment Inflight smoking Galley Sickness bag

Airport

Aerodrome Airline
Airline
hub Airport
Airport
check-in Airport
Airport
lounge Airport
Airport
rail link Airport
Airport
terminal Airstair Boarding Domestic airport Gate International airport Jet bridge Low cost carrier terminal Runway Transit hotel

Customs
Customs
/ Immigration

Arrival card
Arrival card
(Landing card) Border control Departure card Passport Timatic Travel document Visa

Environmental impact

Hypermobility Impact on environment

Law

Air transport agreement

Bermuda Agreement
Bermuda Agreement
(UK-US, 1946-78) Bermuda II Agreement (UK-US, 1978-2008) China-US Cross-Strait charter
Cross-Strait charter
(China-Taiwan)

Beijing
Beijing
Convention Cape Town Treaty Chicago Convention Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives European Common Aviation Area Flight permit Freedoms of the air Hague Hijacking Convention Hague Protocol ICAO Montreal Convention Open skies
Open skies
(EU–US Open Skies Agreement) Paris Convention of 1919 Rome Convention Sabotage Convention Tokyo Convention Warsaw Convention

Luggage

Bag tag Baggage
Baggage
allowance Baggage
Baggage
carousel Baggage
Baggage
cart Baggage
Baggage
reclaim Baggage
Baggage
handler Baggage
Baggage
handling system Checked baggage Hand luggage Lost luggage Luggage lock

Safety

Air Navigation and Transport Act Air rage Air traffic control
Air traffic control
(ATC) Aircraft safety card Airport
Airport
authority Airport
Airport
crash tender Airport
Airport
police Airport
Airport
security Brace position Evacuation slide Flight recorder National aviation authority Overwing exits Pre-flight safety demonstration Sky marshal Unruly aircraft passenger

Ticketing

Airline
Airline
booking ploys Airline
Airline
reservations system Airline
Airline
ticket Airline
Airline
timetable Bereavement flight Boarding pass Codeshare agreement Continent pass Electronic ticket Fare basis code Flight cancellation and delay Frequent-flyer program Government contract flight One-way travel Open-jaw ticket Passenger name record Red-eye flight Round-the-world ticket Standby Tracking Travel agency Travel website

Groundcrew

Aircraft maintenance technician Aircraft ground handler Baggage
Baggage
handler Flight dispatcher

Miscellaneous

.