1 History 2 Commanders 3 Organization
3.1 Guard brigades 3.2 Other brigades
4 1993 Restructuring 5 HVO Aviation 6 See also 7 References 8 External links
The HVO (Croatian Defence Council) was established on April 8, 1992 in
Grude by the political leadership of Croats, mainly members of Croatian Democratic Union
Croatian Democratic Union (Hrvatska Demokratska Zajednica) as a military formation of Herzeg-Bosnia. Commanders
April 1992 – ?, Brigadier General Milivoj Petković; ? – November 1993, Mayor General Slobodan Praljak; November 1993 – ?, Lieutenant general Ante Roso; ? – Aug 1994 Major general Milivoj Petković; August 1994 – November 1995, Major General Tihomir Blaškić.
HVO 122mm Howitzer D-30J during an exercise
HVO was located in
Mostar and was divided into four corps-status operational zones: 1OZ/South-Eastern (Herzegovina) and 2OZ/North-Western Herzegovina, 3OZ/Central Bosnia and 4OZ/Posavina. While first three zones were grouped more or less together, Posavina was completely isolated in northern Bosnia on right bank of Sava
Sava river around Orašje and was entirely dependent on support from Croatia. There was also an HCO headquarters in the Bihac enclave which liaised with the ABiH
ABiH 5th corps. Each OZ controlled 8-14 infantry brigades, a military police battalion and an MP "Light Assault Battalion." The HVO also included the brigade sized Ante Bruno Busic Regiment manned by full-time soldiers, two independent infantry battalions, a light anti-aircraft artillery battalion, Special
Special Forces and artillery units. Guard brigades
1. Guard Brigade "Bruno Bušić" 2. Guard Brigade 3. Guard Brigade "Hawks" 4. Guard Brigade "Sons of Posavina" 5. Guard Brigade.
The Guards brigades were the sections of the H.V.O which handled the
army's heavy weapons. The H.V.O had around 50 tanks, 400 artillery
pieces, and 200 armored troop carriers.
There were 38 infantry brigades staffed by reservists, 19 had names
and/or numbers and 19 only had names. The names commemorated famous or
infamous figures from Croatian and Bosnian history. Each brigade had
three or four battalions plus supporting elements. Two, the 107th and
109th were later transferred en masse to the
ABiH due to their Moslem majorities, as did the Muslim contingent of the 108th Brigade who went on to form the ABiH's 108 Motorised Brigade. The 107th became the ABiH 107th "Chilvalrous" Brigade while the 109th became the 109th Mountain Brigade. 1993 Restructuring In 1993 General Ante Roso restructured the HVO along the lines of the Croatian Army
Croatian Army (HV). The four OZ's were designated as Corps Districts Mosar, Tomislavgrad, Vitez and Orasje. Orasje included a much reduced Bosanska Posavina. Four Guards Brigades were formed, each manned by full-time professional soldiers. 29 brigades were reformed as three-battalion strong Home Defense Regiments (domobranska pukovnija), usually with the same name and depot. Four brigades were disbanded. The military police were reduced to one Light Assault Brigade at Mostar. Eight HVO units served with the ABiH
ABiH while two HVO brigades were forcibly incorporated into the ABiH. The 115th Bde became part of the ABiH
ABiH 2nd Corps while the King Tvrtko Bde became part of the ABiH
ABiH 1st Corps. HVO Aviation The HVO Air Forces and Anti-aircraft Artillery was formed in 1992 and consisted of the 11th Combined Squadron, operated helicopters and transports, and the 121st Observation Squadron which operated various civilian light aircraft in an observation and communications role. There was also the 14th Anti-aircraft Missile Unit which operated several different SAM systems. See also
Croatian Army Croatian Defence Forces
^ Stallaerts, Robert (2010). Historical Dictionary of
Croatia (3rd ed.). p. 60.
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