The Info List - Croatian Academy Of Sciences And Arts

--- Advertisement ---

The Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts
(Latin: Academia
Scientiarum et Artium Croatica, Croatian: Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti, abbrev. HAZU) is the national academy of Croatia. Founded in 1866, it is the oldest national academy in Southeast Europe. HAZU was founded under patronage of the Croatian bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer under the name Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts (Jugoslavenska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti, abbrev. JAZU) since its founder wanted to make it the central scientific and artistic institution of all South Slavs. Today, its main goals are encouraging and organizing scientific work, applying the achieved results, development of artistic and cultural activities, carrying about the Croatian cultural heritage and its affirmation in the world, publishing the results of scientific research and artistic creativity and giving suggestions and opinions for the advancement of science and art in areas of particular importance to Croatia. The academy is divided into nine classes; social sciences, mathematical, physical and chemical sciences, natural sciences, medical sciences, philological sciences, Literature, Fine Arts, Musical Arts
and Musicology, technical sciences. The Academy started in 1866 with 16 full members which grew to today's 160. Besides full, members can also be honorary, corresponding or associate.


1 History

1.1 Name changes

2 Departments

2.1 The Institute for Historical Sciences

3 Membership 4 Chairmen 5 Criticism 6 See also 7 Notes and references 8 External links

History[edit] The institution was founded in Zagreb
on 29 April 1861 by the decision of the Croatian Parliament
Croatian Parliament
(Sabor) as the Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts.[4] The bishop and benefactor Josip Juraj Strossmayer, a prominent advocate of higher education during the 19th century Croatian national romanticism, set up a trust fund for this purpose and in 1860 submitted a large donation to the then viceroy (ban) of Croatia
Josip Šokčević
Josip Šokčević
for the cause of being able to

“ bring together the best minds [...] and find a way in which books in the national languages could be produced in the Slavic South; the Academy should also take under its aegis all the areas of human science[5] ”

Academy Palace in the 1890s

After some years of deliberations by the Croatian Parliament
Croatian Parliament
and the Emperor Franz Joseph, it was finally sanctioned by law in 1866. The official sponsor was Josip Juraj Strossmayer, while the first Chairman of the Academy was the distinguished Croatian historian Franjo Rački.[5] Đuro Daničić
Đuro Daničić
was elected for secretary general of the Academy, where he played a key role in preparing the Academy's Dictionary, "Croatian or Serbian Dictionary of JAZU". The Academy's creation was the logical extension of the University of Zagreb, the institution initially created in 1669 and also renewed by bishop Strossmayer in 1874. Bishop Strossmayer also initiated the building of the Academy Palace in the Zrinjevac park of Zagreb, and the Palace was completed in 1880.[5] In 1884, the Palace also became a host of The Strossmayer Gallery of Old Masters
The Strossmayer Gallery of Old Masters
that contained 256 works of art (mostly paintings).[5] The same is today one of the most prominent art galleries in Zagreb. The Academy started publishing the academic journal Rad in 1867. In 1882, each of the individual scientific classes of the Academy started printing their own journals. In 1887, the Academy published the first "Ljetopis" as a year book, as well as several other publications in history and ethnology. Ivan Supek, Mihailo Petrović, Dragutin Gorjanović-Kramberger
Dragutin Gorjanović-Kramberger
and Lavoslav Ružička
Lavoslav Ružička
were JAZU members. Name changes[edit] The Academy briefly changed name from "Yugoslav" to "Croatian" between 1941 and 1945 during the Axis client regime of the Independent State of Croatia. It has again been renamed "Croatian" in 1991 after Croatia
gained independence from Yugoslavia. Departments[edit]

Interior of the Academy Palace

The Academy is divided into nine departments (classes):[6]

Department of Social Sciences Department of Mathematical, Physical and Chemical Sciences Department of Natural Sciences Department of Medical Sciences Department of Philological Sciences Department of Literature Department of Fine Arts Department of Music and Musicology Department of Technical Sciences

The Institute for Historical Sciences[edit] One of the research units of the Academy is the Institute for Historical Sciences. It is located in a Renaissance
villa in Dubrovnik, and holds a rich manuscript and library collection. Two peer-reviewed journals are published by the Institute, which are fully available online: Anali in Croatian and Dubrovnik
Annals in English.[7] Membership[edit] See also: List of members of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts There are four classes of members:[8]

Full members Associate members Honorary members Corresponding members

The number of full members and corresponding members is limited to 160 each, while the maximum number of associate members is 100.[8] Number of full members per department is limited to 24. Only the full members may carry the title of "academician" (English: F.C.A., Croatian: akademik (male members) or akademkinja (female members)). Chairmen[edit]

Image Chairman Term

Franjo Rački 1866–1886

Pavao Muhić 1886–1890

Josip Torbar 1890–1900

Tadija Smičiklas 1900–1914

Tomislav Maretić 1914–1918

Vladimir Mažuranić 1918–1921

Gustav Janeček 1921–1924

Gavro Manojlović 1924–1933

Albert Bazala 1933–1941

Tomo Matić 1941–1946

Andrija Štampar 1946–1958

Grga Novak 1958–1978

Jakov Sirotković 1978–1991

Ivan Supek 1991–1997

Ivo Padovan 1997–2004

Milan Moguš 2004–2010

Zvonko Kusić 2010–present

Criticism[edit] The Academy has recently been criticized to the effect that membership and activities are based on academic cronyism and political favor rather than on scientific and artistic merit.[9][10][11][12][13] In 2006 matters came to a head with the Academy's refusal to induct Dr. Miroslav Radman, an accomplished biologist, a member of the French Academy of Sciences, and an advocate of a higher degree of meritocracy and accountability in Croatian academia. His supporters within the Academy and the media decried the decision as reinforcing a politically motivated, unproductive status quo. Dr. Ivo Banac, a Yale University
Yale University
professor and then a deputy in the Croatian parliament, addressed the chamber in a speech decrying a "dictatorship of mediocrity" in the Academy, while Globus columnist Boris Dežulović
Boris Dežulović
satirized the institution as an "Academy of stupidity and obedience." Dr. Vladimir Paar and others defended the Academy's decision, averring that it did take pains to include accomplished scientists but that, since Dr. Radman's work has mostly taken place outside Croatia, it was appropriate that he remain a Corresponding rather than a Full Member of the Academy.[14] Nenad Ban, a distinguished molecular biologist from ETH Zurich
ETH Zurich
and a member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina
German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina
is only a corresponding member of HAZU.[15] Ivan Đikić, an accomplished Croatian scientist, working at the Goethe University Frankfurt, and also a member of Leopoldina since 2010, has not been able to join HAZU even as a corresponding member, despite having more citations than the Academy's 18-member Department of Medical Sciences combined.[16][17] From 2005 to 2007, the Department of Philological Sciences at the Academy released several declarations on the linguistic situation in Croatia, which were criticised for being nationalistically motivated rather than linguistically based.[18] [19][20] See also[edit]

Matica hrvatska

Notes and references[edit]

^ http://www.jutarnji.hr/vijesti/hrvatska/izabrano-novih-11-redovitih-clanova-hazu-a-svecano-proglasenje-9.-lipnja/3750141/ ^ "Presidency of the Academy". Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts. Archived from the original on 24 December 2008. Retrieved 15 January 2009.  ^ "Izmjene i dopune financijskog plana Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti za 2016" (PDF) (in Croatian). Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts. 30 November 2016. Retrieved 2016-12-14.  ^ The adjective "Yugoslav" was coined in mid-19th century by the movement that sought national unity of the South Slavs
South Slavs
from Austria-Hungary
with their eastern neighbors. Its extent was likely ambiguous, e.g. in whether or not it meant to include Bulgarians
and Macedonians. Later the term became associated specifically with the country and peoples of Yugoslavia. ^ a b c d "The Founding of the Academy". Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts. Archived from the original on 6 June 2010. Retrieved 17 January 2009.  ^ "Classes of Academy". Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts. Archived from the original on 24 December 2008. Retrieved 14 January 2009.  ^ About the Institute ^ a b "Members of Academy". Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts. Archived from the original on 24 December 2008. Retrieved 14 January 2009.  ^ Jindra, Jelena (20 July 2010). "HAZU: najskuplji starački dom" [Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts: the most expensive retirement home] (in Croatian). Zagreb: Nacional. Archived from the original on 12 December 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2012.  ^ Pavliša, Mija (9 February 2011). "Nevjerodostojnom biografijom do članstva u HAZU: nepostojeće knjige Dunje Brozović" (in Croatian). Zagreb: T-portal. ISSN 1334-3130. Archived from the original on 7 September 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2014.  ^ Opačić, Tamara (9 February 2011). "Čija je Dunja Brozović Rončević?" (in Croatian). Zagreb: H-alter. ISSN 1847-3784. Archived from the original on 12 December 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2013.  ^ Detelj, Branko (14 February 2011). "Hrvatska akademija zadrtosti i učmalosti" [Croatian Academy of Bigotry and Stuffiness] (in Croatian). Varaždin: E-Varaždin.hr. Archived from the original on 12 December 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2012.  ^ Popović, Sofija (6 December 2011). "HAZU treba ukinuti a jezične puritance bojkotirati jer zarađuju na nacionalizmu: razgovor sa Snježanom Kordić" [Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts
should be abolished and puritan linguists boycotted because they profit from nationalism: Interview with Snježana Kordić] (in Croatian). Zagreb: Nacional. pp. 64–68. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2015.  ^ "Dictatorship of Mediocrity" debate, Feral Tribune, 2006. Banac speech, Paar reply, Banac response Retrieved 2009-10-21 (in Croatian) ^ "Uspjeh: Đikića priznali i Nijemci, a u HAZU nije prošao" [Success: Đikić recognized by the Germans, but could not enter HAZU]. Večernji list. 2010-09-29. Retrieved 2010-10-18. Dodao je i da je još jedan Hrvat, inače jedan od vodećih strukturalnih biologa u svijetu, Nenad Ban, takoder član Leopoldine u Razredu za biokemiju i biofiziku.  ^ "Đikić: Počašćen sam izborom u prestižnu akademiju, ali to je i obvezujuće" [Đikić: I'm honored with the election into the prestigious academy, but it is also an obligation]. Nacional (in Croatian). 29 September 2010. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 2014-10-18.  ^ "Đikić citiraniji od cijelog medicinskog razreda HAZU-a". Slobodna Dalmacija (in Croatian). 27 March 2010. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2015.  ^ Kordić, Snježana (2005). "Komentar Izjave HAZU" [Commentary on HAZU's Declaration] (PDF). Književna republika (in Croatian). Zagreb. 3 (3–4): 226–231. ISSN 1334-1057. ZDB-ID 2122129-7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 September 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2014.  (NSK). ^ Kordić, Snježana (2007). "Akademičke bajke" [Tales by academicians] (PDF). Književna republika (in Croatian). Zagreb. 5 (5–6): 150–173. ISSN 1334-1057. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 September 2012. Retrieved 6 November 2013.  (NSK). ^ Kordić, Snježana (2007). "Kako HAZU pravi jezičnu paniku" [How HAZU makes a moral panic about language] (PDF). Književna republika (in Croatian). Zagreb. 5 (7–9): 224–229. ISSN 1334-1057. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 September 2012. Retrieved 6 May 2015.  (NSK).

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts.

Official website (in Croatian) (in English) Zakon o Hrvatskoj akademiji znanosti i umjetnosti (in Croatian) Robert Bajruši. " Milan Moguš
Milan Moguš
- čuvar tradicije Hrvatske akademije" [ Milan Moguš
Milan Moguš
- guardian of traditions of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts]. Nacional (in Croatian) (552). Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  Intelektualna krema pred vratima HAZU-a (in Croatian) VIJENAC 80 - Svjeza krv u Akademiji (in Croatian) Katunarić, Sandra Viktorija (25 April 2011). "Upisani zlatnim slovima: Štampar, Krleža, Supek..." [Written in gold: Štampar, Krleža, Supek...]. Vjesnik
(in Croatian). Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 6 May 2011. 

v t e



Timeline Golden Bull of 1242 Gradec Kaptol Krvavi most 1880 earthquake 1895 Emperor Franz Joseph
Franz Joseph
visit Zagreb
in World War II Yugoslav Partisan Crimes after World War II 1995 rocket attacks 1995–97 Zagreb
crisis Mayors


Brezovica Črnomerec Donja Dubrava Donji grad Gornja Dubrava Gornji Grad–Medveščak Maksimir Novi Zagreb-istok Novi Zagreb-zapad Peščenica-Žitnjak Podsljeme Podsused-Vrapče Sesvete Stenjevec Trešnjevka-jug Trešnjevka-sjever Trnje

Buildings and landmarks

1 Ilica Street Banski dvori Cibona Tower Esplanade Zagreb
Hotel General Post Office Kallina House Lotrščak Tower Medvedgrad Meštrović Pavilion Mirogoj Cemetery National Home palace Nine Views Old City Hall Rudolf barracks Stone Gate Villa Rebar Zagrepčanka Sky Office Tower Adriatic Bridge Homeland Bridge HOTO Tower Eurotower

Squares and streets

Ban Jelačić Square British Square Croatian Nobles Square Dolac Market Eugen Kvaternik Square Ilica Street Krvavi Most Lenuci Horseshoe Nova Ves Oktogon Republic of Croatia
Square Nikola Šubić Zrinski Square St. Mark's Square Tkalčićeva Street Square of the Victims of Fascism

Parks, gardens and recreation

Lenuci Horseshoe Nikola Šubić Zrinski Square Maksimir
Park Botanical Garden Bundek Jarun Medvednica Zagreb

Places of worship

Cathedral St. Mark's Church St. Catherine's Church Orthodox Cathedral Zagreb
Mosque Zagreb
Synagogue Evangelical Church Greek Catholic Co-cathedral of Saints Cyril and Methodius Basilica of the Heart of Jesus Church of Saint Blaise


Croatian National Theatre in Zagreb Gavella Drama Theatre Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall National and University Library Zagreb
Philharmonic Orchestra The Cravat Regiment

Galleries and museums

Archaeological Museum Art Pavilion Croatian History
Museum Croatian Museum of Naïve Art Croatian Natural History
Museum Croatian Railway Museum Ethnographic Museum Ferdinand Budicki Automobile Museum Glyptotheque Klovićevi Dvori Gallery Lauba Mimara Museum Modern Gallery Museum of Arts
and Crafts Museum of Broken Relationships Museum of Contemporary Art Strossmayer Gallery Technical Museum Zagreb
City Museum


High schools in Zagreb Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts University of Zagreb

Academies: Dramatic Art Fine Arts Music Faculties: Architecture Chemical Engineering Dental Medicine Economics and Business Electrical Engineering and Computing Geodesy Humanities and Social Sciences Medicine Science Teacher Education

Sports venues

Arena Zagreb Dom Sportova Dražen Petrović Basketball Hall Maksimir
Stadium Kranjčevićeva Stadium ŠRC Sesvete
Stadium NŠC Stjepan Spajić Stadium


International Airport Zagreb
Glavni kolodvor Zagreb
Zapadni railway station Funicular Trams Commuter Rail Metro (proposed)


Animafest Zagreb INmusic Festival Music Biennale Zagreb Zagreb
Film Festival ZagrebDox Zagreb
Fair Subversive Festival

Sport events

Golden Spin Hanžeković Memorial Snow Queen Trophy Zagreb

v t e

Croatia articles


Prehistoric Origins of Croats White Croatia Red Croatia Dalmatian Croatia Pannonian Croatia Pagania Zahumlje Travunija Medieval kingdom Personal union with Hungary Republic of Ragusa Croatia
in the Habsburg Empire Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia State of Slovenes, Croats
and Serbs Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Banovina of Croatia

World War II

Independent State

Socialist Republic War of Independence Croatia
since 1995 European Union


Climate Extreme points Islands Lakes Mammals Mountains Protected areas Rivers Topography


Administrative divisions

cities counties municipalities

Constitution Elections Foreign relations Government

Prime Minister

Human rights


LGBT history Law
enforcement Military Parliament Political parties President Security and intelligence


Brands Energy Gross domestic product (GDP) Industry Kuna (currency) National Bank Privatization Stock Exchange Telecommunications Tourism Transport


Demographics Croats Women Education Ethnic groups Healthcare Languages Religion


Architecture Art Cinema Cuisine Croatian language Literature Music Public holidays Radio stations Sport Television


Anthem Coat of arms Costume Decorations Flags

national flag

Interlace Motto Name

Outline Index

Category Portal

v t e

International Council for Science

National members

Albania Angola Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Bolivia Bosnia & Herzegovina (Republic of Srpska) Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Burkina Faso Cameroon Canada Caribbean Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Czech Republic Côte d'Ivoire Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt Estonia Ethiopia Finland France Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Hungary India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mauritius Mexico Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria North Korea Norway Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russia Rwanda Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa South Korea South Pacific Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vatican City Venezuela Vietnam Zambia Zimbabwe

International scientific unions

International Astronomical Union
International Astronomical Union
(IAU) International Brain Research Organization (IBRO) International Cartographic Association (ICA) International Geographical Union (IGU) International Mathematical Union (IMU) International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS) International Union for Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine (IUPESM) International Union for Pure and Applied Biophysics (IUPAB) International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA) International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES) International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology (IUPHAR) International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB) International Union of Biological Sciences
International Union of Biological Sciences
(IUBS) International Union of Crystallography
International Union of Crystallography
(IUCr) International Union of Food Science
and Technology (IUFoST) International Union of Forest Research Organizations
International Union of Forest Research Organizations
(IUFRO) International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
(IUGG) International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) International Union of History
and Philosophy of Science
(IUHPS) International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) International Union of Materials Research Societies (IUMRS) International Union of Microbiological Societies (IUMS) International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS) International Union of Physiological Sciences (IUPS) International Union of Psychological Science
(IUPsyS ) International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
(IUPAC) International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) International Union of Radio Science
(URSI) International Union of Soil Sciences
International Union of Soil Sciences
(IUSS) International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (IUTAM) International Union of Toxicology

Scientific associates

de Ciencias de América Latina (ACAL) Engineering Committee on Oceanic Resources (ECOR) Federation of Asian Scientific Academies and Societies (FASAS) International Arctic Science
Committee (IASC) International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR) International Commission for Acoustics (ICA) International Commission for Optics (ICO) International Council for Laboratory Animal Science
(ICLAS) International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) International Federation of Societies for Microscopy (IFSM) International Federation of Surveyors
International Federation of Surveyors
(FIG) International Foundation for Science
(IFS) International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
(IIASA) International Union for Vacuum Science, Technique and Applications (IUVSTA) International Union of Speleology (UIS) International Water Association (IWA) Pacific Science
Association (PSA) Society for Social Studies of Science
(4S) The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 121635212 LCCN: n87857212 ISNI: 0000 0001 0940 0244 GND: 50332-0 SUDOC: 026439522 BNF: cb118686862 (data) NKC: k