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Cristian Mungiu (; born 27 April 1968) is a Romanian filmmaker. He won the Palme d'Or at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival for his film ''4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days'', which he wrote and directed. He has also won the awards for Best Screenplay and Best Director, at the 2012 and 2016 Cannes Film Festivals, for his films ''Beyond the Hills'' and ''Graduation''.

Early life

Mungiu was born in Iași. His sister is political analyst Alina Mungiu-Pippidi. After studying English literature at the University of Iaşi, he worked for a few years as a teacher and as a journalist. After that, he enrolled at the University of Film in Bucharest to study film directing. After graduating in 1998, Mungiu made several short films.


Career


In 2002, he debuted with his first feature film, ''Occident'', which enjoyed critical success, winning prizes in several film festivals and being featured in Director's Fortnight at the 2002 Cannes Film Festival. In 2007, Mungiu wrote and directed his second feature, ''4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days''. The film was received enthusiastically, attracting critical praise and being selected in the official competition at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival, where it won the Palme d'Or for feature film, marking the first time that prize was awarded to a Romanian filmmaker. His 2012 film ''Beyond the Hills'' was screened in competition at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival where Mungiu won the award for Best Screenplay and Cristina Flutur and Cosmina Stratan shared the award for Best Actress. The film was also selected as the Romanian entry for the Best Foreign Language Oscar at the 85th Academy Awards, making the January shortlist. In 2013, he produced the next film of Nae Caranfil, ''6.9 on Richter''. In April 2013, he was selected as a member of the main competition jury at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival. His next film, ''Graduation'', premiered at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival. The film was in competition for the Palme d'Or; though it did not win, Mungiu won the award for Best Director.


Influences and style


Mungiu has said that early Miloš Forman and Robert Altman are important filmmakers who influenced him. He also respects the realism of ''Bicycle Thieves'', among other famous realistic films.

Awards and nominations



Honours

* Romanian Royal Family: 70th Knight of the Royal Decoration of the Cross of the Romanian Royal HouseCrucea Casei Regale a României
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Filmography as director

* 2000 ** ''Corul pompierilor'' (short) ** ''Nicio întâmplare'' (short) ** ''Zapping'' (short) * 2002 – ''Occident'' * 2005 – ''Lost and Found'' - segment ''Turkey Girl'' * 2007 – ''4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days'' * 2009 – ''Tales from the Golden Age'' * 2012 – ''Beyond the Hills'' * 2016 – ''Graduation''

See also

* Romanian New Wave

References



External links

* * (Romanian
7 scenarii (7 Scripts)
Editura LiterNet - screenplays volume by Cristian Mungiu
interview with ''4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days'' director Cristian Mungiu
at -films.net * In-depth anlayses o
Mungiu's films
and o
4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days
{{DEFAULTSORT:Mungiu, Cristian Category:1968 births Category:Living people Category:Romanian film directors Category:Caragiale Academy of Theatrical Arts and Cinematography alumni Category:Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Director winners Category:Directors of Palme d'Or winners Category:European Film Award for Best Director winners Category:Alexandru Ioan Cuza University alumni Category:Film people from Iași