HOME
The Info List - Crater Lake


--- Advertisement ---



A crater lake is a lake that forms in a volcanic crater or caldera, such as a maar; less commonly and with lower association to the term a lake may form in an impact crater caused by a meteorite, or in the crater left by an artificial explosion caused by humans. Sometimes lakes which form inside calderas are called caldera lakes, but often this distinction is not made. Crater lakes covering active (fumarolic) volcanic vents are sometimes known as volcanic lakes, and the water within them is often acidic, saturated with volcanic gases, and cloudy with a strong greenish color. For example, the crater lake of Kawah Ijen
Ijen
in Indonesia
Indonesia
has a pH of under 0.5.[1] Lakes located in dormant or extinct volcanoes tend to have fresh water, and the water clarity in such lakes can be exceptional due to the lack of inflowing streams and sediment.

Contents

1 Formation

1.1 Volcanic crater
Volcanic crater
lakes 1.2 Other kinds of crater lakes 1.3 Other geological features that can be mistaken for a crater lake

2 List of volcanic crater lakes 3 List of meteor crater lakes 4 List of artificial crater lakes 5 List of crater lakes of unclear origin 6 See also 7 References

7.1 Further reading

8 External links

Formation[edit] Volcanic crater
Volcanic crater
lakes[edit] Crater lakes form as the created depression, within the crater rim, is filled by water. The water may come from precipitation, groundwater circulation (often hydrothermal fluids in the case of volcanic craters) or melted ice. Its level rises until an equilibrium is reached between the rates of incoming and outgoing water. Sources of water loss singly or together may include evaporation, subsurface seepage, and, in places, surface leakage or overflow when the lake level reaches the lowest point on its rim. At such a saddle location, the upper portion of the lake is contained only by its adjacent natural volcanic dam; continued leakage through or surface outflow across the dam can erode its included material, thus lowering lake level until a new equilibrium of water flow, erosion, and rock resistance is established. If the volcanic dam portion erodes rapidly or fails catastrophically, the occurrence produces a breakout or outburst flood. With changes in environmental conditions over time, the occurrence of such floods is common to all natural dam types. A well-known crater lake, which bears the same name as the geological feature, is Crater Lake
Crater Lake
in Oregon. It is located in the caldera of Mount Mazama. It is the deepest lake in the United States with a depth of 594 m (1,949 ft). Crater Lake
Crater Lake
is fed solely by falling rain and snow, with no inflow or outflow at the surface, and hence is one of the clearest lakes in the world.[2] The highest volcano in the world, 6,893-m (22,615-ft) Ojos del Salado in Chile, has a permanent crater lake about 100 m (330 ft) in diameter at an elevation of 6,390 m (20,965 ft) on its eastern side.[3] This is most likely the highest lake of any kind in the world. Due to their unstable environments, some crater lakes exist only intermittently. Caldera
Caldera
lakes in contrast can be quite large and long-lasting. For instance, Lake Toba
Lake Toba
(Indonesia) formed after its eruption around 75,000 years ago. At a size of around 100 km (60 miles) by 30 km (18 miles) in extent and 505 m (1,656 ft) deep at its deepest point, Lake Toba
Lake Toba
is the largest crater lake in the world.[4] While many crater lakes are picturesque, they can also be deadly. Gas discharges from Lake
Lake
Nyos (Cameroon) suffocated 1,800 people in 1986, and crater lakes such as Mount Ruapehu's (New Zealand) often contribute to destructive lahars. Certain bodies of water, although their formation is directly related to volcanic activity, are not usually referred to as crater lakes, including:

Lakes created by volcanic dams due to lava flowing outside of the volcanic edifice/caldera (such as Garibaldi Lake
Lake
in Canada, Fuji Five Lakes in Japan) Closed atoll lagoons (such as Clipperton lagoon), whose formation process also implies subsequent biogeomorphologic processes Ponds encountered at the bottom of waterfalls occurring in volcanic canyons in a volcanic context, but not within a volcanic edifice/caldera (such as Trou de Fer
Trou de Fer
on Réunion
Réunion
Island)

Other kinds of crater lakes[edit] Lakes can also fill impact craters, but these are not usually referred to as crater lakes. Examples include Manicouagan in Canada, Lake Bosumtwi in Ghana
Ghana
and Siljan in Sweden. More rarely they can also fill craters caused by artificial explosions, such as the radioactive Lake
Lake
Chagan in Kazakhstan. Other geological features that can be mistaken for a crater lake[edit] Some geomorphological features, when filled with water, can sometimes be confused with crater lakes:

Pingos (soil-covered ice mounts) whose summital part has collapsed[5] Sinkholes (karstic holes, also called cenotes), such as Otjikoto Lake in Namibia

Some circular open-pit mines can also present a similar appearance, such as Big Hole
Big Hole
in Kimberley, South Africa, a diamond mine (in a kimberlite pipe) where water has accumulated in the artificially created depression. List of volcanic crater lakes[edit]

Lake Location

Africa

Waw an Namus
Waw an Namus
(three small salt lakes in the caldera)  Libya

Deriba Caldera  Sudan

Meme River Basin lakes ( Lake
Lake
Barombi Koto, Lake
Lake
Barombi Mbo, Lake Mboandong and Lake
Lake
Dissoni/Soden)  Cameroon

Lake
Lake
Nachtiga (between Mount Cameroon
Cameroon
and the Atlantic coast)  Cameroon

Bakossi Mountains: Lake
Lake
Bermin and Mount Manengouba lakes (lac Mâle and lac Femelle)  Cameroon

Adamawa volcanic lakes (Tison, Mbalang)  Cameroon

Oku Volcanic Field, including Lake
Lake
Nyos, Lake
Lake
Oku, Lake
Lake
Monoun, Mount Mbapit crater lake, Lake
Lake
Awing and the Bambili lakes  Cameroon

Dallol (various acid ponds)  Ethiopia

Zengena Lake  Ethiopia

Enyo Lake
Lake
(or Haro Dandii, a lake filling a double crater caldera on Mount Dendi) and Lake
Lake
Wonchi[6] (Badda Rogghie Mountains)  Ethiopia

Debre Zeyit crater lakes (Bishoftu, Hora, Bishoftu Guda, Koriftu and seasonal Cheleklaka)  Ethiopia

Lake
Lake
Dembel, Mount Zuqualla  Ethiopia

Lake
Lake
Ara Shetan (Butajiri-Silti Volcanic Field)  Ethiopia

O'a Caldera, with Lake
Lake
Shala and the smaller Chitu water-filled maar  Ethiopia

Bilate River Volcanic Field (several water-filled maars)  Ethiopia

El Sod (small salt lake), South Omo
South Omo
Valley  Ethiopia

Mount Biao, Bioko Island  Equatorial Guinea

Lago a Pot, Annobón Island  Equatorial Guinea

Lake
Lake
Assal  Djibouti

Kabarole District lakes (including lakes Nyinabulitwa, Nyabikere, Nkuruba, Kifuruka)  Uganda

many crater lakes in the Katwe-Kikorongo and Bunyaruguru (or Kichwambe) volcanic fields, respectively on the North and South sides of the Kazinga Channel
Kazinga Channel
(including Lake
Lake
Katwe in the Queen Elizabeth National Park)  Uganda

Muhavura
Muhavura
(small crater lake)   Rwanda
Rwanda
/  Uganda

Mount Bisoke Rwanda
Rwanda
/  Democratic Republic of Congo

Crocodile Lake, Flamingo Lake, Tilapia Lake, on Central Island
Central Island
(Lake Turkana)  Kenya

Mount Marsabit
Mount Marsabit
(at least two lakes)  Kenya

Emuruangogolak
Emuruangogolak
(several maar lakes)  Kenya

Lake
Lake
Simbi, Mount Homa  Kenya

Lake
Lake
Sonachi ( Crater Lake
Crater Lake
Game Sanctuary)  Kenya

Lake
Lake
Chala Kenya
Kenya
/ Tanzania

Southern Highlands crater lakes ( Lake
Lake
Ngozi, Kiungululu Crater, Masoko Crater) Tanzania

Lakes Magadi and Empakaai (Ngorongoro Conservation Area) Tanzania

Lake
Lake
Dziani Boundouni, Mohéli
Mohéli
Island Comoros

Dziani Dzaha, Petite-Terre Mayotte

Lake
Lake
Tritriva Madagascar

Nosy Be crater lakes Madagascar

Itasy crater lakes (close to the larger Lake
Lake
Itasy) Madagascar

Trou aux Cerfs Mauritius

Ganga Talao
Ganga Talao
lake Mauritius

Piton de l'Eau Réunion

Lagoa do Fanal Portugal, Madeira

Laguna de los Ciclos (Charco Verde), El Golfo, Lanzarote Spain, Canary Islands

Pedra de Lume
Pedra de Lume
(salt lake in the crater), Sal Island Cape Verde

Queen Mary's Peak
Queen Mary's Peak
(heart-shaped crater lake) Tristan da Cunha

Asia

Lake
Lake
Toba Indonesia, Sumatra

Mount Sibayak Indonesia, Sumatra

Lake
Lake
Maninjau Indonesia, Sumatra

Lake
Lake
Asam ( Suwoh Caldera) Indonesia, Sumatra

Lake
Lake
Gunung Tujuh Indonesia, Sumatra

Mount Talang
Mount Talang
(Talang and Dibawah Lakes) Indonesia, Sumatra

Mount Singgalang
Mount Singgalang
(Dewi and Kumbang Lakes) Indonesia, Sumatra

Bukit Daun Indonesia, Sumatra

Mount Kerinci Indonesia, Sumatra

Mount Kaba Indonesia, Sumatra

Mount Kunyit Indonesia, Sumatra

Mount Sumbing Indonesia, Sumatra

Sorikmarapi Indonesia, Sumatra

Ijen Indonesia, Java

Kawah Putih, Mount Patuha Indonesia, Java

Mount Lamongan
Mount Lamongan
(several maare) Indonesia, Java

Kelut
Kelut
(no crater lake anymore after 2007–2008 slow eruptions with hot lava dome, but in 2014 eruption lava dome is thrown away and in rainy season, the crater is initial fill with water) Indonesia, Java

Lake
Lake
Ngebel, Gunung Wilis Indonesia, Java

Mount Lawu Indonesia, Java

Talagabodas Indonesia, Java

Tengger caldeira (several maar lakes on Semeru
Semeru
summit, seasonnal lake in Bromo crater) Indonesia, Java

The Triangle of Lakes (Ranu Klakah, Ranu Bedali, Ranu Pakis) Indonesia, Java

Mount Galunggung
Mount Galunggung
crater lake Indonesia, Java

Merdodo (Dieng Volcanic Complex) Indonesia, Java

Telaga Warna (Dieng Volcanic Complex) Indonesia, Java

Danau Batur, Bali Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Islands

Lake
Lake
Segara Anak (Mount Rinjani), Lombok Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Islands

Tambora (ephemeral lake), Sumbawa Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Islands

Kelimutu
Kelimutu
(three crater lakes), Flores Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Islands

Inielika
Inielika
(several small temporary dark lakes), Flores Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Islands

Sano Nggoang (the deepest volcanic crater lake in the world with depth of 600 meters), West Manggarai Regency, Flores Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Islands

Mount Sirung, Pantar Island Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Islands

Kawah Masem, Mount Sempu Indonesia, Sulawesi

Mount Mahawu Indonesia, Sulawesi

Lake
Lake
Tondano Indonesia, Sulawesi

Mount Klabat Indonesia, Sulawesi

Makian Indonesia, Maluku Islands

Mount Ibu
Mount Ibu
(several small crater lakes), Halmahera Indonesia, Maluku Islands

Todoko-Ranu, Halmahera Indonesia, Maluku Islands

Lake
Lake
Telaga Paca, Halmahera Indonesia, Maluku Islands

four crater lakes in the Lower Chindwin volcanic area, including Twin Taung Burma
Burma
(Myanmar)

Yak Loum Cambodia

Nong Fa Lake Laos

Toroeng Prong Vietnam

Khorgo
Khorgo
Uul (at least two lakes) Mongolia

Chaihe scenic spot[7] near Zhalantun
Zhalantun
(several crater lakes in this volcanic area) China, Inner Mongolia

Longwanqun volcanic lakes China, Jilin

Heaven Lake
Heaven Lake
(Chonji/Tianchi), Baekdu Mountain North Korea
North Korea
/ China, Jilin

White Deer Lake
Lake
(Baengnokdam), Mulyeongari-Oreum, Muljangori-Oreum South Korea, Jeju Island

Akan caldera volcanic lakes (Akan, Mashū, Kussharo) Japan, Hokkaidō

Lake
Lake
Shikotsu Japan, Hokkaidō

Lake
Lake
Tōya Japan, Hokkaidō

Lake
Lake
Kuttara Japan, Hokkaidō

Towada Japan, Honshū

Tazawa (deepest lake in Japan) Japan, Honshū

Mount Zaō
Mount Zaō
(lake Okama) Japan, Honshū

Mount Kusatsu-Shirane
Mount Kusatsu-Shirane
(three lakes, including the acidic Yu-gama with sulfur rafts floating on its turquoise surface) Japan, Honshū

Izu-Tobu
Izu-Tobu
(Ippeki lake) Japan, Honshū

Lake
Lake
Haruna Japan, Honshū

Mount Hakone
Mount Hakone
( Lake
Lake
Ashi) Japan, Honshū

Naruko ( Lake
Lake
Katanuma) Japan, Honshū

Aizu-Bandai-san (various lakes) Japan, Honshū

Mount Iwate Japan, Honshū

Mount Ontake
Mount Ontake
(five crater lakes) Japan, Honshū

Oguni-numa Pond Japan, Honshū

Numazawa-numa lake Japan, Honshū

Hachoike, Mount Amagi Japan, Honshū

Mount Aso
Mount Aso
(Naka-dake) Japan, Kyūshū

Satsuma Peninsula, Lake
Lake
Ikeda and Lake
Lake
Unagi-ike Japan, Kyūshū

Mount Kirishima
Mount Kirishima
lakes (including Mi-ike, Oonamino-ike, Rokkannonmi-ike, Byakushi-ike) Japan, Kyūshū

Imuta-ike Japan, Kyūshū

Tairo-ike, Miyake-jima Japan, Izu Islands

Otake, Nakanoshima Japan, Ryukyu Islands

Lake
Lake
Pinatubo Philippines, Luzon

Taal Lake
Lake
(caldera-filling) and the crater lake on its island's volcano Philippines, Luzon

Laguna de Bay Philippines, Luzon

Seven Lakes of San Pablo
Seven Lakes of San Pablo
(Bunot, Calibato, Yambo, Pandin, Palakpakin, Muhikap, Sampaloc) Philippines, Luzon

Lake
Lake
Tikub Philippines, Luzon

Mount Talinis
Mount Talinis
(lakes Balinsasayao, Danao and Kabalin-an, within the Guintabon Caldera), Negros Island Philippines, Visayas

Margaja Valley caldera, Kanlaon Volcano, Negros Island Philippines, Visayas

Lakes Danao and Malagsom, Mahagnao Volcano, Leyte Island Philippines, Visayas

Lake
Lake
Duminagat, Mount Malindang Philippines, Mindanao

Lake
Lake
Leonard, Leonard Kniaseff Philippines, Mindanao

Mount Apo Philippines, Mindanao

Lake
Lake
Maughan, Mount Parker Philippines, Mindanao

Jolo Island, Lakes Seit, Panamao, Timpuak and Sani Crater Philippines, Mindanao, Sulu Archipelago

Lake
Lake
Khaiyr Russia, Yakutia

Khangar Russia, Kamchatka

Kizimen Russia, Kamchatka

Lake
Lake
Dalny, Uzon
Uzon
Caldera Russia, Kamchatka

Maly Semyachik Russia, Kamchatka

Bolshoy Semyachik Russia, Kamchatka

Karymsky Lake, Akademia Nauk Russia, Kamchatka

Balshoe and Kraternoe, Ksudach Russia, Kamchatka

Kurile Lake Russia, Kamchatka

Gorely Russia, Kamchatka

Ebeko, Paramushir Island Russia, Kuril Islands

Onekotan Island
Onekotan Island
(Kal'tsevoe Lake
Lake
in the Tao-Rusyr Caldera
Caldera
and Nemo Lake/Caldera) Russia, Kuril Islands

Ketoy
Ketoy
Island Russia, Kuril Islands

Zavaritski Caldera, Simushir Island Russia, Kuril Islands

Rudakov, Urup Island Russia, Kuril Islands

Iturup
Iturup
Island lakes (Medvezhia, Chirip, Grozny Group, Bogatyr Ridge) Russia, Kuril Islands

Sabalan Iran

Nemrut Turkey

Meke Golu (Karapınar Field) Turkey

Lake
Lake
Acıgöl (bitter lake), also called Lake
Lake
Nar (pomegranate lake) Turkey

Karagöl ( Lake
Lake
Tantalus), Mount Yamanlar Turkey

Lake
Lake
Ram Syria

Bir Ali crater Yemen

Zubayr Group Islands (crater lakes on Saba Island and on the new island formed during the 2011–2012 eruption) Yemen

Europe

Eifel
Eifel
volcanic field (where maare were originally described), including Laacher See
Laacher See
and Daun maars Germany

Eyjafjallajökull
Eyjafjallajökull
(volcano) Iceland

Kerið Iceland

Askja
Askja
( Öskjuvatn
Öskjuvatn
and Viti lakes) Iceland

Krafla Iceland

Lake
Lake
Bardarlaug Iceland

Grímsvötn
Grímsvötn
(subglacial lake in the caldera, now exposed following the 2011 eruption) Iceland

crater lakes in the Landmannalaugar
Landmannalaugar
area (Blahylur, Ljotipollur) Iceland

Chaîne des Puys
Chaîne des Puys
(Gour de Tazenat, Lac Pavin, Lac de Servière, Lac Chauvet, Lac du Bouchet, Lac d'En-Haut) France

Lac d'Issarlès France

Lazio
Lazio
volcanic lakes (Albano, Bolsena, Bracciano, Martignano, Nemi, Vico, Mezzano) Italy

Lake
Lake
Avernus (close to Phlegraean Fields) Italy

Lake
Lake
Sfânta Ana, Ciomadul
Ciomadul
volcano Romania

Lakes of Monticchio
Monticchio
(Lago di Monticchio
Monticchio
Grande and Lago di Montichhio Piccolo, twin crater lakes) Italy

Lago Vecchienna Italy

Lago Specchio di Venere (Venus Mirror Lake) or Bagno dell’Acqua (hydrothermal lake within a calderic depression) Italy, Pantelleria

seasonal maar lakes in the Provincia Volcánica de Calatrava (Hoya del Acebuche, Hoya de Cervera) Spain

Lagoa do Caldeirão, Corvo Island Portugal, Azores

Lagoa da Caldeira, Faial Island Portugal, Azores

Lagoas Funda das Lajes, Branca, Comprida, Seca, da Lomba, Rasa, Funda/Negra, Flores
Flores
Island Portugal, Azores

Caldeira do Enxofre (underground lake filled with cold sulphur water), Graciosa Island Portugal, Azores

Lagoas Seca, da Rosada, Pico Island Portugal, Azores

Lagoa do Pico Pinheiro, São Jorge Island Portugal, Azores

Lagoa das Sete Cidades, do Fogo, das Furnas, Azul, Verde, São Miguel Island Portugal, Azores

Lagoas Negra, do Negro, Terceira Island Portugal, Azores

Lake
Lake
Sfânta Ana Romania

Mount Samsari
Mount Samsari
(several small lakes in the caldera) Georgia

Lake
Lake
Akna, Geghama mountains Armenia

Oceania

Mount Ruapehu New Zealand, North Island

Lake
Lake
Taupo New Zealand, North Island

Lakes of Rotorua, including Rotorua, Tarawera, Rotomahana, Rotokakahi, Tikitapu, Okareka and Okataina and smaller lakes from the Waimangu Volcanic Rift Valley (Inferno Crater Lake, Frying Pan Lake, Southern Crater Lake) New Zealand, North Island

Lake
Lake
Pupuke New Zealand, North Island

Mangere Lagoon New Zealand, North Island

Mount Tongariro
Mount Tongariro
(Tama Lakes, Blue Lake
Lake
and the Emerald Lakes) New Zealand, North Island

Whakaari / White Island
Whakaari / White Island
(Bay of Plenty), Crater Lake New Zealand, off North Island
North Island
coast

Tuhua / Mayor Island (Bay of Plenty), Lake
Lake
Aroarotamahine and Lake
Lake
Te Paritu New Zealand, off North Island
North Island
coast

Raoul Island
Raoul Island
(Blue Lake, Green Lake, Rui Lake) New Zealand, Kermadec Islands

Victory Volcano
Volcano
crater lake Papua New Guinea, New Guinea

Lake
Lake
Wisdom, Long Island Papua New Guinea, off New Guinea
New Guinea
coast

Mount Balbi
Mount Balbi
lake Papua New Guinea, Bougainville

Billy Mitchell Papua New Guinea, Bougainville

Loloru
Loloru
(crescent-shaped crater lake) Papua New Guinea, Bougainville

Dakataua (horseshoe-shaped caldera lake) Papua New Guinea, New Britain

Sakar Island Papua New Guinea, off New Britain
New Britain
coast

Mount Gambier maar complex (including Blue Lake) Australia, South Australia

Atherton Tableland
Atherton Tableland
( Lake
Lake
Euramoo, Lake
Lake
Eacham, Lake
Lake
Barrine, Mount Hypipamee Crater, Lynch's Crater, Bromfield Swamp) Australia, Queensland

Mount Le Brun (two intermittent crater lakes) Australia, Queensland

Leura maar complex (Purrumbete, Bullen Merri, Gnotuk, Keilambete, Elingamite, Wangoom, Red Rock intermittent lakes) Australia, Victoria

Tower Hill Australia, Victoria

Mount Eccles Australia, Victoria

Green Lake,[8] Kapoho Crater, Kīlauea, Big Island, USA, Hawaii

Lake
Lake
Waiau, crater of the Pu'u Waiau cinder cone, Mauna Kea, Big Island, USA, Hawaii

Kalaupapa
Kalaupapa
crater lake, Molokai USA, Hawaii

Salt Lake
Lake
(filled in for an urbanization project, except for a pond in a golf course), Honolulu, Oahu USA, Hawaii

Rano Kau, Rano Raraku
Rano Raraku
and Rano Aroi (Ma′unga Terevaka) Chile, Easter Island

Anatahan
Anatahan
(intermittent lake in the caldera) Northern Mariana Islands

Lake
Lake
Te Roto, Tikopia Solomon Islands

Lake
Lake
Lanoto'o, Upolu Samoa

Vai Lahi and Vai Si'i, Niuafo'ou Tonga

Tofua Tonga

Late (ephemeral lake) Tonga

Home Reef
Home Reef
(newly formed island, crater lakes observed in 2006) Tonga

Lakes Lalolao, Lano, Lanutavake, Lanutuli, Lanumaha and Alofivai (intermittent), Wallis Island Wallis and Futuna

Lake
Lake
Tagimaucia, Taveuni Island Fidji

Lake
Lake
Letas, Gaua Island Vanuatu

Lombenben
Lombenben
Volcano
Volcano
(lakes Vui, Manaro Ngoru, Manaro Lakua), Aoba Island Vanuatu

North America

Kasatochi volcano, Kasatochi Island United States, Alaska, Aleutian Islands

Mount Okmok, Umnak Island United States, Alaska, Aleutian Islands

Mount Kanaga, Kanaga Island United States, Alaska, Aleutian Islands

Fenner Lake, Semisopochnoi Island United States, Alaska, Aleutian Islands

Fisher Caldera
Caldera
(several lakes), Unimak Island United States, Alaska, Aleutian Islands

Mount Katmai United States, Alaska

Ukinrek Maars United States, Alaska

Mount Kaguyak United States, Alaska

Mount Martin (intermittent acidic lake) United States, Alaska

Mount Douglas United States, Alaska

Devil Mountain Lakes United States, Alaska

Surprise Lake, Mount Aniakchak United States, Alaska

Mount Emmons United States, Alaska

Mount Spurr United States, Alaska

Mount Chiginagak United States, Alaska

Fiftytwo Ridge
Fiftytwo Ridge
(several crater lakes) Canada, British Columbia

Mount Rainier United States, Washington

Battle Ground Lake United States, Washington

Crater Lake United States, Oregon

Blue Lake
Lake
Crater United States, Oregon

Malheur Maar, Diamond
Diamond
Craters United States, Oregon

Newberry Volcano
Volcano
(twin crater lakes: Paulina Lake
Lake
and East Lake) United States, Oregon

Teardrop Pool South Sister United States, Oregon

Yellowstone Lake United States, Wyoming

Soda Lakes United States, Nevada

Medicine Lake
Lake
Volcano United States, California

Mono–Inyo Craters United States, California

Clear Lake United States, California

Shastina
Shastina
(three small crater lakes) United States, California

Zuni Salt Lake
Lake
(maar) United States, New Mexico

Lago Los Espinos Mexico, Michoacán

La Alberca lake (also known as La Joya or Lago del Sangre) Mexico, Guanajuato

Nevado de Toluca
Nevado de Toluca
(several lakes) Mexico, State of Mexico

Laguna de Aljojuca Mexico, Puebla

Oriental Basin axalapazcos (maar lakes) Mexico, Puebla
Puebla
/ Tlaxcala
Tlaxcala
/ Veracruz

Sangangüey Mexico, Nayarit

Santa María del Oro Mexico, Nayarit

El Chichón Mexico, Chiapas

Central America & Caribbean

Lago de Amatitlán Guatemala

Lake
Lake
Ipala Guatemala

Lago de Atitlán Guatemala

Laguna de Ayarza Guatemala

Laguna de Calderas (Pacaya) Guatemala

Laguna Chicabal Guatemala

Tecuamburro Guatemala

Lago de Coatepeque (Coatepeque Lake) El Salvador

Laguna Verde (Apaneca) El Salvador

Lago de Ilopango (Ilopango Lake) El Salvador

Tecapa
Tecapa
volcano (Laguna de Alegría) El Salvador

Chanmico maar (at the foot of the San Salvador volcano) El Salvador

Santa Ana Volcano
Volcano
crater lake El Salvador

Cosigüina Nicaragua

Laguna Asososca, Las Pilas Nicaragua

Lakes within the Monte Galan caldera, close to the Momotombo
Momotombo
(Laguna Monte Galan, La Sulfatosa, Agua Dulce, El Cachital, Las Piedras) Nicaragua

Chiltepe peninsula ( Apoyeque
Apoyeque
and Xiloá lagoons) Nicaragua

Managua lagoons (Tiscapa, Asososca, Nejapa) Nicaragua

Masaya lake Nicaragua

Apoyo Lagoon Nicaragua

Zapatera
Zapatera
Laguna ( Zapatera
Zapatera
Island, on Lake
Lake
Nicaragua) Nicaragua

Maderas
Maderas
( Ometepe
Ometepe
Island, on Lake
Lake
Nicaragua) Nicaragua

Lake
Lake
Diego de la Haya, Irazú
Irazú
volcano Costa Rica

Rincón de la Vieja Costa Rica

Poás
Poás
volcano (Laguna Caliente and Laguna Botos) Costa Rica

Cerro Chato Costa Rica

Barva Costa Rica

Mount Liamuiga
Mount Liamuiga
crater lake, Saint Kitts Saint Kitts
Saint Kitts
and Nevis

La Grande Soufrière
La Grande Soufrière
(la Citerne) Guadeloupe

Boiling Lake
Lake
(Morne Trois Pitons National Park) Dominica

Soufrière Saint Vincent

Grand Etang Lake Grenada

Lac Antoine, Mount Saint Catherine Grenada

South America

Azufral
Azufral
(Laguna Verde, Laguna Negra, Laguna Cristal) Colombia

Lagunas Verdes, Chiles Volcano Ecuador

Mojanda
Mojanda
lakes (Caricocha, Yanacocha and Huarmicocha) Ecuador

Laguna Collanes, El Altar Ecuador

Cuicocha Ecuador

Quilotoa Ecuador

Black Lakes of Jumbura Ecuador

La Cumbre, Fernandina Island
Fernandina Island
(ephemeral lake) Ecuador, Galapagos Islands

Tagus Cove, Isabela Island Ecuador, Galapagos Islands

Lake
Lake
Arcturus, Genovesa Island Ecuador, Galapagos Islands

Laguna El Juncos, San Cristóbal Island Ecuador, Galapagos Islands

Santiago Island (small salt crater lake) Ecuador, Galapagos Islands

Jayu Quta (also known as Miguel y Alex Tejada or Maracanacito crater) Bolivia

Laguna del Maule Chile

Nevado Ojos del Salado
Ojos del Salado
(likely the highest lake in the world) Chile

Licancabur Lake Chile

Chaitén (crater lakes might have disappeared with the 2008–09 eruption) Chile

Aguas Calientes Chile

Acamarachi Chile

Copahue Chile
Chile
/ Argentina

Planchón-Peteroa Chile
Chile
/ Argentina

Laguna Potrok Aike (Pali-Aike Volcanic Field) Argentina

Aracar Argentina

Laguna Diamante, Cerro Galán Argentina

Antarctica & Subantarctic Islands

Deception Island maare off Antarctic Peninsula
Antarctic Peninsula
coast

Mount Larson crater lake, Thule Island South Sandwich Islands

small crater lakes on the top of various scoria cones, Marion Island Prince Edward Islands

Bassin du Cratère (connected to sea since 1780, now an 'almost crater lake'), Saint-Paul Saint-Paul and Amsterdam Islands

Grand Cratère, Île de la Possession Crozet Islands

List of meteor crater lakes[edit]

Lake Location

Africa

Lake
Lake
Bosumtwi Ghana

Tswaing crater South Africa

Oceania

Shoemaker crater Australia, Western Australia

Acraman crater
Acraman crater
(ephemeral playa lake) Australia, South Australia

Asia

Lonar crater lake India

Karakul Tajikistan

Lake
Lake
El'gygytgyn Russia, Chukotka

Lake
Lake
Cheko (possibly created in 1908 with the Tunguska event) Russia, Siberia

Europe

Morasko meteorite nature reserve
Morasko meteorite nature reserve
(five of the seven craters contain lakes) Poland

Lake
Lake
Siljan Sweden

Dellen Sweden

Mien Sweden

Karikkoselkä Finland

Lake
Lake
Lappajärvi Finland

Lake
Lake
Yanisyarvi Russia

Keurusselkä Finland

Paasselkä Finland

Saarijärvi crater Finland

Suvasvesi Finland

Sääksjärvi Finland

Lake
Lake
Kaali Estonia

Suavjärvi crater Russia, Karelia

North America

Lake
Lake
Manicouagan (artificially enlarged by a dam) Canada, Quebec

Pingualuit crater
Pingualuit crater
(formerly called Chubb Crater and later New Quebec Crater) Canada, Quebec

Couture crater Canada, Quebec

Clearwater Lakes
Clearwater Lakes
(lake-filling paired impact craters: Lac à l'Eau Claire Est, Lac à l'Eau Claire Ouest) Canada, Quebec

Mistastin crater Canada, Labrador

Lake
Lake
Wanapitei Canada, Ontario

Gilmour and Tecumseh Lakes, Brent crater Canada, Ontario

West Hawk Lake Canada, Manitoba

Gow crater Canada, Saskatchewan

Pilot crater Canada, Northwest Territories

List of artificial crater lakes[edit]

Lake Location

Asia

Lake
Lake
Chagan (crater created in 1965 by a nuclear test, lake still radioactive) Kazakhstan

'Atomic Lake' (crater created in 1971 by nuclear explosions aimed at building the Pechora–Kama Canal) Russia, Volga

List of crater lakes of unclear origin[edit]

Lake Location

South America

Lake
Lake
Guatavita (site of a centuries-old treasure hunt) Colombia

Asia

Lake
Lake
Salda Turkey

Takht-e Soleymān[9][10] (Throne of Solomon, lake surrounded by an archaeological fortified site) Iran

Europe

Sirente crater
Sirente crater
(small shallow seasonal lake) Italy

See also[edit]

Lava
Lava
lake Volcanic crater Caldera Types of volcanic eruptions Maar Atoll Impact crater

References[edit]

^ Measuring the acidity of Kawah Ijen
Ijen
crater lake ^ "Facts and Figures about Crater Lake". U.S. National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-03-17.  ^ Andes Website - Information about Ojos del Salado
Ojos del Salado
volcano, a high mountain in South America and the World's highest volcano Archived 2007-04-27 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Glenday, Craig (2010). Guinness World Record 2011. ISBN 9781904994572.  ^ http://icecubicle.net/2010/03/24/phenom-pingos-of-the-far-north/ ^ http://www.gtz.de/de/praxis/11695.htm Description of Mount Wonchi crater lake on the website of GTZ ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-08-06. Retrieved 2012-11-15.  ^ Kahumana Sanctuary – Geology ^ http://whc.unesco.org/uploads/nominations/1077.pdf World Heritage nomination file ^ http://noviceview.wordpress.com/2010/10/24/takht-e-soleyman-%e2%80%93-50000bc-%e2%80%93-600bc/ Geological development of Takht-e Soleymān

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Crater lakes.

Further reading[edit]

Delmelle, Pierre; Bernard, Alain (2000). "Volcanic Lakes". In Sigurdsson, Haraldur. Encyclopedia of Volcanoes. San Diego: Academic Press (published 1999). pp. 877–895. ISBN 0-12-643140-X.  Varekamp, Johan C.; Rowe, Gary L., Jr., eds. (2000). "Crater Lakes". Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 97 (1–4): 1–508. Bibcode:2000JVGR...97....1C. doi:10.1016/S0377-0273(99)00167-5.  (entire volume about crater lakes) Pasternack, G. B.; Varekamp, J. C. (1997). "Volcanic lake systematics I. Physical constraints". Bulletin of Volcanology. 58 (7): 526–538. Bibcode:1997BVol...58..528P. doi:10.1007/s004450050160.  Kusakabe, Minoru, ed. (1994). "Geochemistry of Crater Lakes". Geochemical Journal. 28 (3): 137–306. doi:10.2343/geochemj.28.137.  (entire issue about chemistry of crater lakes)

External links[edit]

IAVCEI Commission of Volcanic Lakes IAVCEI Commission of Volcanic Lakes: Some fundamentals about Crater Lakes The Science of Volcanic Lakes Volcanic Lakes of the World USGS Hawaiian Volcano
Volcano
Observatory: Water on volcanoes: heavy rain and crater lakes USGS Cascades Volcano
Volcano
Observatory: Volcanic Lakes The Science of Volcanic Lakes, Greg Pasternack, U. California
California
Davis Crater Lake
Crater Lake
National Park documentation in Building Oregon: Architecture of Oregon
Oregon
& the Pacific Northwest archive World

.