Crataegus azarolus
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''Crataegus azarolus'' is a species of Crataegus, hawthorn known by the common names azarole, azerole, and Mediterranean medlar. It is native to the Mediterranean Basin and is a common plant there, growing on sites comparable to those the European common hawthorn grows on. In the Arab world, Arab countries it is the most common hawthorn species. When growing in the wild, the azerole bears plentiful crops of haw fruits, which are similar to the haws of the European common hawthorn, but more plump. ''C. azarolus'' is often divided into subspecies or variety (botany), varieties, for example Christensen in his monograph uses four varieties: *''C. azarolus'' var. ''azarolus'' has orange fruit. *''C. azarolus'' var. ''aronia'' Carl Linnaeus, L., has yellowish fruit often with some red tinges *''C. azarolus'' var. ''chlorocarpa'' (Giuseppe Giacinto Moris, Moris) Knud Ib Christensen, K.I.Chr. has yellowish fruit *Crataegus pontica, ''C. azarolus'' var. ''pontica'' (Karl Heinrich Emil Koch, K.Koch) Knud Ib Christensen, K.I.Chr. has yellowish or orange fruit ''C. azarolus'' has been used historically for a number of medicinal purposes.


Gallery

File:Crataegus azarolus HRM.jpg, Fruit of ''Crataegus azarolus'' File:Hawthorn (Crataegus aronia).jpg, Blossoms of the ''Crataegus azarolus'' var. ''aronia'' File:Frutos del otono.jpg, Orange and yellow azarole fruits displayed alongside common hawthorn, common haws, sloes and jujubes. File:Crataegus azarolus.jpg, Botanical illustration from Duhamel du Monceau, H.L. 1768. ''Traité des arbres fruitiers'' File:Hawthorn blossoms (Crataegus aronia).jpg, ''Crataegus azarolus'' var. ''aronia'' in bloom


References


Further reading

* * Crataegus, azarolus Flora of Western Asia Trees of Mediterranean climate Garden plants of Europe Bird food plants Ornamental trees Flora of Lebanon Plants described in 1753 Taxa named by Carl Linnaeus Trees of Western Asia Flora of Iran {{Crataegus-stub