The COURTS ACT 1971 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
(c 23) the purpose of which was to reform and modernise the courts
England and Wales
It established the
The first part of the Act concerns the new Crown Court. It is established as part of the Supreme Court of Judicature , replacing courts of assize and Quarter Sessions . The appellate jurisdiction of these courts is transferred, and the new court given exclusive jurisdiction in "trial on indictment". It is described as a "superior court of record" for England and Wales. This section has now been superseded by the Senior Courts Act 1981.
The courts abolished by this Act are:
* all assize courts * all quarter sessions * The Court of Chancery of the County Palatine of Lancaster (merged with the High Court ) * The Court of Chancery of the County Palatine of Durham and Sadberge (merged with the High Court) * The Mayor\'s and City of London Court (a new county court is established with the same name) * The Tolzey and Pie Poudre Courts of the City and County of Bristol
The officers of these courts were generally eligible to become circuit judges.
The post of circuit judge is introduced in the second part of the
Act. They sit in the
The fourth part of the Courts Act governs the selection of juries and related rules; it has since been repealed by the Juries Act 1974 . Most of the remainder of the Act is about other miscellaneous administrative provisions relating to appointments, payment, and accommodation; these have almost all been repealed by the Supreme Court Act and other justice legislation.
* Halsbury\'s Statutes , * Civil Procedure (The White Book), Sweet ">
* ^ The citation of this Act by this short title is authorised by
section 59(1) of this Act.
* ^ The words in brackets were substituted on 1 October 2009 by the
sections 59 and 148 of, and paragraph 4 of Schedule 11 to, the
Constitutional Reform Act 2005
* v * t * e
Acts of Parliament