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COUNTY TYRONE (from Irish : _Tír Eoghain_, meaning "land of Eoghan") is one of the six historic counties of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
. It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland , and lies within the historic province of Ulster
Ulster
. It is no longer used as an administrative division for local government, but retains a strong identity in popular culture.

Adjoined to the south-west shore of Lough Neagh
Lough Neagh
, the county covers an area of 3,155 km2 (1,218 sq mi) and has a population of about 177,986, with its county town being Omagh
Omagh
. The county derives its name and general geographic location from Tyrone , a Gaelic kingdom under the O\'Neill dynasty which existed until the 17th century.

CONTENTS

* 1 Name * 2 History * 3 Geography * 4 Demography

* 5 Settlements

* 5.1 Large towns * 5.2 Medium towns * 5.3 Small towns * 5.4 Intermediate settlements * 5.5 Villages * 5.6 Small villages

* 6 Subdivisions * 7 Future Railway Revival * 8 Sport * 9 Notable people * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 Further reading * 13 External links

NAME

The name _Tyrone_ is derived from Irish _Tír Eoghain_, meaning 'land of Eoghan ', the name given to the conquests made by the Cenél nEógain from the provinces of Airgíalla and Ulaid . Historically, it was anglicised as _Tirowen_ or _Tyrowen_, which are closer to the Irish pronunciation.

HISTORY

Main article: List of Kings of Tír Eógain

HISTORICAL POPULATION

YEAR POP. ±%

1653 3,988 —

1659 4,088 +2.5%

1821 261,865 +6305.7%

1831 304,468 +16.3%

1841 312,956 +2.8%

1851 255,661 −18.3%

1861 238,500 −6.7%

1871 215,766 −9.5%

1881 197,719 −8.4%

1891 171,401 −13.3%

1901 150,567 −12.2%

1911 142,665 −5.2%

1926 132,792 −6.9%

1937 127,586 −3.9%

1951 132,082 +3.5%

1961 133,919 +1.4%

1966 136,040 +1.6%

1971 139,073 +2.2%

1981 150,729 +8.4%

1991 156,284 +3.7%

2001 164,235 +5.1%

2011 177,986 +8.4%

Historically Tyrone stretched as far north as Lough Foyle
Lough Foyle
, and comprised part of modern-day County Londonderry east of the River Foyle . The majority of County Londonderry was carved out of Tyrone between 1610–1620 when that land went to the Guilds of London to set up profit making schemes based on natural resources located there. Tyrone was the traditional stronghold of the various O'Neill clans and families, the strongest of the Gaelic Irish families in Ulster
Ulster
, surviving into the seventeenth century. The ancient principality of Tír Eoghain, the inheritance of the O'Neills, included the whole of the present counties of Tyrone and Londonderry, and the four baronies of West Inishowen , East Inishowen, Raphoe
Raphoe
North and Raphoe
Raphoe
South in County Donegal
County Donegal
.

In 1608 during O\'Doherty\'s Rebellion areas of the country were plundered and burnt by the forces of Sir Cahir O\'Doherty following his destruction of Derry
Derry
. However, O'Doherty's men avoided the estates of the recently fled Earl of Tyrone around Dungannon , fearing Tyrone's anger if he returned from his exile.

GEOGRAPHY

With an area of 3,155 square kilometres (1,218 sq mi), Tyrone is the largest county in Northern Ireland. The flat peatlands of East Tyrone border the shoreline of the largest lake in the British Isles, Lough Neagh , rising gradually across to the more mountainous terrain in the west of the county, the area surrounding the Sperrin Mountains , the highest point being Sawel Mountain at a height of 678 m (2,224 ft). The length of the county, from the mouth of the River Blackwater at Lough Neagh
Lough Neagh
to the western point near Carrickaduff hill is 55 miles (89 km). The breadth, from the southern corner, southeast of Fivemiletown , to the northeastern corner near Meenard Mountain is 37.5 miles (60.4 km); giving an area of 1,260 square miles (in 1900). Annaghone lays claim to be the geographical centre of Northern Ireland.

Tyrone is connected by land to the county of Fermanagh to the southwest; Monaghan to the south; Armagh to the southeast; Londonderry to the north; and Donegal to the west. Across Lough Neagh
Lough Neagh
to the east, it borders County Antrim
County Antrim
. It is the eighth largest of Ireland's thirty-two counties by area and tenth largest by population. It is the second largest of Ulster's nine traditional counties by area and fourth largest by population. Blackrock Bridge near Newtownstewart
Newtownstewart
, carrying the closed GNR mainline that ran through the county.

DEMOGRAPHY

It is one of four counties in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
which currently has a majority of the population from a Catholic community background, according to the 2011 census . In 1900 County Tyrone had a population of 197,719, while in 2011 it was 177,986.

SETTLEMENTS

Main article: List of places in County Tyrone

LARGE TOWNS

(population of 18,000 or more and under 75,000 at 2001 Census)

* Omagh
Omagh

MEDIUM TOWNS

(population of 10,000 or more and under 18,000 at 2001 Census)

* Cookstown * Dungannon * Strabane
Strabane

SMALL TOWNS

(population of 4,500 or more and under 10,000 at 2001 Census)

* Coalisland
Coalisland

INTERMEDIATE SETTLEMENTS

(population of 2,250 or more and under 4,500 at 2001 Census)

* Castlederg

VILLAGES

(population of 1,000 or more and under 2,250 at 2001 Census)

* Ardboe * Carrickmore
Carrickmore
* Dromore * Fintona * Fivemiletown * Killyclogher * Moy * Newtownstewart
Newtownstewart
* Sion Mills

SMALL VILLAGES

(population of less than 1,000 at 2001 Census)

* Altamuskin * Altmore
Altmore
* Ardstraw * Artigarvan
Artigarvan
* Augher * Aughnacloy * Ballygawley * Ballymagorry * Benburb * Beragh * Bready * Brockagh * Caledon * Clady * Clogher
Clogher
* Clonoe * Derryloughan * Derrytresk * Donaghmore * Donemana * Drumquin
Drumquin
* Edenderry * Eglish * Erganagh
Erganagh
* Eskra * Evish * Glenmornan * Gortin * Greencastle * Killyclogher * Loughmacrory * Kildress * Plumbridge * Pomeroy * Rock * Stewartstown * Tamnamore * Trillick * Tullyhogue * Victoria Bridge

SUBDIVISIONS

BARONIES Main article: Barony (Ireland)

* Clogher
Clogher
* Dungannon Lower * Dungannon Middle * Dungannon Upper * Omagh
Omagh
East * Omagh
Omagh
West * Strabane
Strabane
Lower * Strabane
Strabane
Upper

PARISHES Main article: List of civil parishes of County Tyrone

TOWNLANDS Main article: List of townlands in County Tyrone

FUTURE RAILWAY REVIVAL

There is the future possibility of the line being reopened to Dungannon railway station from Portadown .

SPORT

The major sports in Tyrone are Gaelic games , association football and rugby union .

* Gaelic football
Gaelic football
is more widely played than hurling in Tyrone. The Tyrone GAA football side has had considerable success since 2000, winning three All Ireland titles (in 2003, 2005 and 2008). They have also won fourteen Ulster
Ulster
titles (1956, 1957, 1973, 1984, 1986, 1989, 1995, 1996, 2001, 2003, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2016) and two National League titles (in 2002 and 2003). * Association football also has a large following in Tyrone. Omagh Town F.C. were members of the Irish Football League until they folded in 2005 due to financial problems. Dungannon Swifts F.C. compete in the NIFL Premiership - the top division. Other teams include NIFL Championship side Dergview F.C. . * Rugby union
Rugby union
is very popular in the county. Dungannon RFC plays in the All-Ireland League . Other teams include Omagh
Omagh
RFC, Clogher
Clogher
Valley RFC, Cookstown RFC and Strabane
Strabane
RFC.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Philomena Begley , Irish country music singer * James E. Boyd , seventh Governor of Nebraska * Paul Brady , musician * William Burke (1792–1829), grave robber and murderer * Peter Canavan , former All Ireland Tyrone captain * William Carleton (1794–1869), writer * Darren Clarke , professional golfer * Tom Clarke , Irish Republican and leader of the 1916 Easter Rising

* Jimmy Cricket , comedian * Janet Devlin , soul and pop artist and contestant on The X Factor (UK) * Ryan Dolan , Ireland representative at the Eurovision Song Contest 2013 * Brian Dooher , former captain of the Tyrone senior football team * Hugo Duncan , singer and broadcaster on BBC Radio * John Dunlap (1747–1812), publisher of the first American daily newspaper the _ Pennsylvania Packet _ in 1784, also the printer of the American Declaration of Independence * Brian Friel , dramatist and theatre director * Sylvia Hermon , Member of Parliament for North Down, born in Galbally, County Tyrone * Aaron Hughes , captain of the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
football team * John Hughes (1797–1864), first Archbishop
Archbishop
of Roman Catholic Diocese of New York * Martin Hurson , Irish Republican * Matthias Kelly QC SC, chairman of the Bar of England and Wales 2003 * Ryan Kelly , singer with Celtic Thunder "Ryan Kelly". Retrieved 24 November 2015. * Benedict Kiely (1919–2007), writer and broadcaster * Gerry McKenna MRIA (1953–), biologist ; Vice Chancellor and President, University of Ulster
Ulster
; Vice President, Royal Irish Academy * William McMaster (1811–1887), founder of Canadian Bank of Commerce and namesake of McMaster University * Mary Mallon (1869–1938), more commonly known as Typhoid Mary * W. F. Marshall (1888–1954), the 'Bard of Tyrone', Presbyterian minister, author and poet * Thomas Mellon , founder of Mellon Bank, now Bank of New York Mellon * Flann O\'Brien (1911–1966), writer * Dominic Ó Mongain (c.1715–1770s), poet and harpist * Arthur O\'Neill (c.1737–1816), travelling blind Irish harpist * Hugh O\'Neill, Earl of Tyrone (Aodh Mór Ó Néill) (c.1550–1616), Irish leader during the Nine Years\' War * Thomas Porter , member of the Wisconsin State Assembly
Wisconsin State Assembly
* Victor Sloan MBE, visual artist * Ivan Sproule , football player for Bristol City F.C. * Dennis Taylor , former world snooker champion .

SEE ALSO

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to COUNTY TYRONE _.

* Abbeys and priories in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
(County Tyrone) * High Sheriff of Tyrone * List of civil parishes of County Tyrone * List of places in County Tyrone * List of townlands in County Tyrone * Lord Lieutenant of Tyrone * Ulster
Ulster
American Folk Park * The Moorlough Shore *

REFERENCES

* ^ Cookstown.gov.uk Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "North-South Ministerial Council: 2010 Annual Report in Ulster Scots" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2013. * ^ "North-South Ministerial Council: 2006 Annual Report in Ulster Scots" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2013. * ^ " Dungannon and South Tyrone Borough Council". Dungannon.gov.uk. Retrieved 18 January 2013. * ^ Art Cosgrove (2008); "A New History of Ireland, Volume II: Medieval Ireland 1169-1534". Oxford University Press. * ^ For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy, 14 March 1865. * ^ "Census for post 1821 figures.". Cso.ie. Retrieved 18 January 2013. * ^ "Histpop.org". Histpop.org. Retrieved 18 January 2013. * ^ "Nisranews.gov.uk". Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 18 January 2013. * ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. _Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell_. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. * ^ Mokyr, Joel ; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". _The Economic History Review_. 37 (4): 473–488. doi :10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x . * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Description of County Tyrone from _Atlas and Cyclopedia of Ireland_ (1900)". _Library Ireland_. Retrieved 24 February 2009. * ^ McCavitt, John. _The Flight of the Earls_. Gill & MacMillan, 2002. p.143-44 * ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). _The GAA Book of Lists_. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186–191. ISBN 0-340-89695-7 . * ^ Marie Veronica Tarpey The role of Joseph McGarrity in the struggle for Irish independence * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ "Statistical classification of settlements". _NI Neighbourhood Information Service_. Retrieved 23 February 2009. * ^ "All aboard! Dungannon railway hopes revived". * ^ The Tyrone GAA team have won the Ulster
Ulster
Senior Championship on eight occasions in the 20th century * ^ "Kansas Governor Walter Roscoe Stubbs". National Governors Association. Retrieved 29 September 2012. * ^ _Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896_. Chicago, IL: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. * ^ Professor P G (Gerry) McKenna. _gerrymckenna.co.uk_. * ^ Professor Patrick Gerald "Gerry" McKenna. _debretts.com_ (registration required ). * ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerry_McKenna

FURTHER READING

* Joost, Augusteijn (ed.) (1920s). _The Memoirs of John M. Regan, a Catholic Officer in the RIC and RUC, 1909–48_. Co. Tyrone. ISBN 978-1-84682-069-4 . * McNeill, I. (2010). _The Flora of County Tyrone_. National Museums of Northern Ireland. ISBN 978-1-905989-17-1

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikivoyage has a travel guide for COUNTY

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