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County Tyrone
Tyrone
(from Irish: Tír Eoghain, meaning "land of Eoghan") is one of the six historic counties of Northern Ireland. It is also one of the 32 traditional counties of Ireland and lies within the historic province of Ulster. It is no longer used as an administrative division for local government but retains a strong identity in popular culture. Adjoined to the south-west shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of 3,155 km2 (1,218 sq mi) and has a population of about 177,986; its county town is Omagh. The county derives its name and general geographic location from Tyrone, a Gaelic kingdom under the O'Neill dynasty
O'Neill dynasty
which existed until the 17th century.

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 Geography 4 Demography 5 Settlements

5.1 Large towns 5.2 Medium towns 5.3 Small towns 5.4 Intermediate settlements 5.5 Villages 5.6 Small villages

6 Subdivisions 7 Future railway revival 8 Sport 9 Notable people 10 See also 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

Name[edit] The name Tyrone
Tyrone
is derived from Irish Tír Eoghain, meaning 'land of Eoghan', the name given to the conquests made by the Cenél nEógain from the provinces of Airgíalla
Airgíalla
and Ulaid.[5] Historically, it was anglicised as Tirowen or Tyrowen, which are closer to the Irish pronunciation. History[edit] Main article: List of Kings of Tír Eógain

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1653 3,988 —    

1659 4,088 +2.5%

1821 261,865 +6305.7%

1831 304,468 +16.3%

1841 312,956 +2.8%

1851 255,661 −18.3%

1861 238,500 −6.7%

1871 215,766 −9.5%

1881 197,719 −8.4%

1891 171,401 −13.3%

1901 150,567 −12.2%

1911 142,665 −5.2%

1926 132,792 −6.9%

1937 127,586 −3.9%

1951 132,082 +3.5%

1961 133,919 +1.4%

1966 136,040 +1.6%

1971 139,073 +2.2%

1981 150,729 +8.4%

1991 156,284 +3.7%

2001 164,235 +5.1%

2011 177,986 +8.4%

[6][7][8][9][10][11]

Historically Tyrone
Tyrone
stretched as far north as Lough Foyle, and comprised part of modern-day County Londonderry
County Londonderry
east of the River Foyle. The majority of County Londonderry
County Londonderry
was carved out of Tyrone between 1610–1620 when that land went to the Guilds of London to set up profit making schemes based on natural resources located there. Tyrone
Tyrone
was the traditional stronghold of the various O'Neill clans and families, the strongest of the Gaelic Irish families in Ulster, surviving into the seventeenth century. The ancient principality of Tír Eoghain, the inheritance of the O'Neills, included the whole of the present counties of Tyrone
Tyrone
and Londonderry, and the four baronies of West Inishowen, East Inishowen, Raphoe
Raphoe
North and Raphoe
Raphoe
South in County Donegal.[12] In 1608 during O'Doherty's Rebellion
O'Doherty's Rebellion
areas of the country were plundered and burnt by the forces of Sir Cahir O'Doherty
Cahir O'Doherty
following his destruction of Derry. However, O'Doherty's men avoided the estates of the recently fled Earl of Tyrone
Tyrone
around Dungannon, fearing Tyrone's anger if he returned from his exile.[13] Geography[edit] With an area of 3,155 square kilometres (1,218 sq mi), Tyrone
Tyrone
is the largest county in Northern Ireland. The flat peatlands of East Tyrone
Tyrone
border the shoreline of the largest lake in the British Isles, Lough Neagh, rising gradually across to the more mountainous terrain in the west of the county, the area surrounding the Sperrin Mountains, the highest point being Sawel Mountain
Sawel Mountain
at a height of 678 m (2,224 ft). The length of the county, from the mouth of the River Blackwater at Lough Neagh
Lough Neagh
to the western point near Carrickaduff hill is 55 miles (89 km). The breadth, from the southern corner, southeast of Fivemiletown, to the northeastern corner near Meenard Mountain is 37.5 miles (60.4 km); giving an area of 1,260 square miles (in 1900).[12] Annaghone lays claim to be the geographical centre of Northern Ireland. Tyrone
Tyrone
is connected by land to the county of Fermanagh
Fermanagh
to the southwest; Monaghan to the south; Armagh
Armagh
to the southeast; Londonderry to the north; and Donegal to the west. Across Lough Neagh
Lough Neagh
to the east, it borders County Antrim. It is the eighth largest of Ireland's thirty-two counties by area and tenth largest by population.[14] It is the second largest of Ulster's nine traditional counties by area and fourth largest by population.[15]

Blackrock Bridge near Newtownstewart, carrying the closed GNR mainline that ran through the county

Demography[edit] It is one of four counties in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
which currently has a majority of the population from a Catholic community background, according to the 2011 census. In 1900 County Tyrone
Tyrone
had a population of 197,719,[12] while in 2011 it was 177,986. Settlements[edit] Main article: List of places in County Tyrone Large towns[edit] (population of 18,000 or more and under 75,000 at 2001 Census)[16]

Omagh

Medium towns[edit] (population of 10,000 or more and under 18,000 at 2001 Census)[16]

Cookstown Dungannon Strabane

Small towns[edit] (population of 4,500 or more and under 10,000 at 2001 Census)[16]

Coalisland

Intermediate settlements[edit] (population of 2,250 or more and under 4,500 at 2001 Census)[16]

Castlederg

Villages[edit] (population of 1,000 or more and under 2,250 at 2001 Census)[16]

Ardboe Carrickmore Dromore Fintona Fivemiletown Killyclogher Moy Newtownstewart Sion Mills

Small villages[edit] (population of less than 1,000 at 2001 Census)[16]

Altamuskin Altmore Ardstraw Artigarvan Augher Aughnacloy Ballygawley Ballymagorry Benburb Beragh Bready Brockagh Caledon Clady Clogher Clonoe Derryloughan Derrytresk Donaghmore Donemana Drumquin Edenderry Eglish Erganagh Eskra Evish Glenmornan Gortin Greencastle Killyclogher Loughmacrory Kildress Plumbridge Pomeroy Rock Stewartstown Tamnamore Trillick Tullyhogue Victoria Bridge

Subdivisions[edit] Baronies Main article: Barony (Ireland)

Clogher Dungannon
Dungannon
Lower Dungannon
Dungannon
Middle Dungannon
Dungannon
Upper Omagh
Omagh
East Omagh
Omagh
West Strabane
Strabane
Lower Strabane
Strabane
Upper

Parishes Main article: List of civil parishes of County Tyrone Townlands Main article: List of townlands in County Tyrone Future railway revival[edit] There is the possibility of the line being reopened to Dungannon railway station from Portadown.[17] Sport[edit] The major sports in Tyrone
Tyrone
are Gaelic games, association football and rugby union.[citation needed]

Gaelic football
Gaelic football
is more widely played than hurling in Tyrone. The Tyrone
Tyrone
GAA football side has had considerable success since 2000, winning three All Ireland
All Ireland
titles (in 2003, 2005 and 2008). They have also won fourteen Ulster
Ulster
titles (1956, 1957, 1973, 1984, 1986, 1989, 1995, 1996, 2001, 2003, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2016)[18] and two National League titles (in 2002 and 2003).[citation needed] Association football
Association football
also has a large following in Tyrone. Omagh
Omagh
Town F.C. were members of the Irish Football League until they folded in 2005 due to financial problems. Dungannon
Dungannon
Swifts F.C. compete in the NIFL Premiership
NIFL Premiership
- the top division. Other teams include NIFL Championship side Dergview F.C.. Rugby union
Rugby union
is very popular in the county. Dungannon
Dungannon
RFC plays in the All-Ireland League. Other teams include Omagh
Omagh
RFC, Clogher
Clogher
Valley RFC, Cookstown
Cookstown
RFC and Strabane
Strabane
RFC.

Notable people[edit]

Philomena Begley, Irish country music singer James E. Boyd, seventh Governor of Nebraska[19] Paul Brady, musician William Burke (1792–1829), grave robber and murderer Peter Canavan, former All Ireland
All Ireland
Tyrone
Tyrone
captain William Carleton
William Carleton
(1794–1869), writer Darren Clarke, professional golfer Tom Clarke, Irish Republican and leader of the 1916 Easter Rising Jimmy Cricket, comedian Janet Devlin, soul and pop artist and contestant on The X Factor (UK) Ryan Dolan, Ireland representative at the Eurovision Song Contest 2013 Brian Dooher, former captain of the Tyrone
Tyrone
senior football team Hugo Duncan, singer and broadcaster on BBC Radio John Dunlap
John Dunlap
(1747–1812), publisher of the first American daily newspaper the Pennsylvania Packet
Pennsylvania Packet
in 1784, also the printer of the American Declaration of Independence Brian Friel, dramatist and theatre director Sylvia Hermon, Member of Parliament for North Down, born in Galbally, County Tyrone Aaron Hughes, captain of the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
football team John Hughes (1797–1864), first Archbishop
Archbishop
of Roman Catholic Diocese of New York[20] Martin Hurson, Irish Republican Matthias Kelly QC SC, chairman of the Bar of England and Wales 2003[21] Ryan Kelly, singer with Celtic Thunder[22] Benedict Kiely
Benedict Kiely
(1919–2007), writer and broadcaster Gerry McKenna MRIA (1953–), biologist; Vice Chancellor and President, University of Ulster; Vice President, Royal Irish Academy[23] William McMaster
William McMaster
(1811–1887), founder of Canadian Bank of Commerce and namesake of McMaster University Mary Mallon
Mary Mallon
(1869–1938), more commonly known as Typhoid Mary W. F. Marshall
W. F. Marshall
(1888–1954), the 'Bard of Tyrone', Presbyterian minister, author and poet Thomas Mellon, founder of Mellon Bank, now Bank of New York Mellon Flann O'Brien
Flann O'Brien
(1911–1966), writer Dominic Ó Mongain (c.1715–1770s), poet and harpist Arthur O'Neill (c.1737–1816), travelling blind Irish harpist Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone
Tyrone
(Aodh Mór Ó Néill) (c.1550–1616), Irish leader during the Nine Years' War Thomas Porter, member of the Wisconsin State Assembly Victor Sloan
Victor Sloan
MBE, visual artist Ivan Sproule, football player for Bristol City F.C. Dennis Taylor, former world snooker champion

George Loyd (1843 – December 17, 1892), whose last name was occasionally spelled "Lloyd," was a United States Army soldier. He fought in the Battle of the Little Big Horn and in the Battle of Wounded Knee, now called the Wounded Knee Massacre, receiving the Medal of Honor for his actions in the latter. See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to County Tyrone.

Abbeys and priories in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
(County Tyrone) High Sheriff of Tyrone List of civil parishes of County Tyrone List of places in County Tyrone List of townlands in County Tyrone Lord Lieutenant of Tyrone Ulster
Ulster
American Folk Park The Moorlough Shore

References[edit]

^ Cookstown.gov.uk Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "North-South Ministerial Council: 2010 Annual Report in Ulster Scots" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2013.  ^ "North-South Ministerial Council: 2006 Annual Report in Ulster Scots" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2013.  ^ " Dungannon
Dungannon
and South Tyrone
Tyrone
Borough Council". Dungannon.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 8 April 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2013.  ^ Art Cosgrove (2008); "A New History of Ireland, Volume II: Medieval Ireland 1169-1534". Oxford University Press. ^ For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy, 14 March 1865. ^ "Census for post 1821 figures". Cso.ie. Retrieved 18 January 2013.  ^ "Histpop.org". Histpop.org. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2013.  ^ "Nisranews.gov.uk". Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 18 January 2013.  ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.  ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x.  ^ a b c "Description of County Tyrone
Tyrone
from Atlas and Cyclopedia of Ireland (1900)". Library Ireland. Retrieved 24 February 2009.  ^ McCavitt, John. The Flight of the Earls. Gill & MacMillan, 2002. p.143-44 ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186–191. ISBN 0-340-89695-7.  ^ Marie Veronica Tarpey The role of Joseph McGarrity in the struggle for Irish independence ^ a b c d e f "Statistical classification of settlements". NI Neighbourhood Information Service. Retrieved 23 February 2009.  ^ "All aboard! Dungannon
Dungannon
railway hopes revived".  ^ The Tyrone
Tyrone
GAA team have won the Ulster
Ulster
Senior Championship on eight occasions in the 20th century ^ "Kansas Governor Walter Roscoe Stubbs". National Governors Association. Retrieved 29 September 2012.  ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago, IL: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.  ^ O'Neill, Sean (16 December 2002). "We've forgotten that with every right comes a duty". The Daily Telegraph. London.  ^ "Ryan Kelly". Retrieved 24 November 2015.  ^ Professor P G (Gerry) McKenna. gerrymckenna.co.uk.

Further reading[edit]

Joost, Augusteijn (ed.) (1920s). The Memoirs of John M. Regan, a Catholic Officer in the RIC and RUC, 1909–48. Co. Tyrone. ISBN 978-1-84682-069-4. McNeill, I. (2010). The Flora of County Tyrone. National Museums of Northern Ireland. ISBN 978-1-905989-17-1

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for County Tyrone.

County Tyrone
Tyrone
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) A Flavour of Tyrone County Tyrone.com Ulster-American Folk Park

Places adjacent to County Tyrone

County Londonderry
County Londonderry

County Donegal
County Donegal

County Tyrone

Lough Neagh

County Fermanagh
Fermanagh
County Monaghan County Armagh
County Armagh

v t e

Places in County Tyrone

List of places in County Tyrone

Towns

Coalisland Cookstown Dungannon Omagh Strabane

Villages and townlands

Altamuskin Altishane Altmore Ardboe Ardstraw Artigarvan Augher Aughnacloy Ballygawley Ballymagorry Ballymully Glebe Benburb Beragh Blackwatertown Brackaville Bready Brockagh Caledon Cappagh Carnteel Carrickmore Castlecaulfield Castlederg Clady Clanabogan Clogher Coagh Cranagh Creggan Derrycrin Derrylaughan Derrytresk Donaghmore Dooish Douglas Bridge Dromore Drumkee Drumnakilly Drumquin Dunnamanagh Dunnamore Edenderry Eglish Erganagh Eskra Evish Fintona Fivemiletown Galbally Garvaghey Garvetagh Gillygooly Glebe Glenmornan Gortaclare Gortin Granville Greencastle Kildress Killay Killen Killeter Killyclogher Killyman Kilskeery Knockmoyle Landahaussy Liscloon Loughmacrory Magheramason Moortown Mountfield Moy Moygashel Moylagh Mullaghmore Newmills Newtownstewart Plumbridge Pomeroy Rock Rousky Sandholes Seskinore Shanmaghery Sion Mills Sixmilecross Spamount Stewartstown Tamnamore Tattyreagh Trillick Tullyhogue Tullywiggan Victoria Bridge Washing Bay

Landforms

Ballysaggart Lough Beaghmore Black Bog Drum Manor Forest Park Glenelly Mountains of Pomeroy Sperrins Tullyhogue
Tullyhogue
Fort

Baronies

Clogher Dungannon
Dungannon
Lower Dungannon
Dungannon
Middle Dungannon
Dungannon
Upper Omagh
Omagh
East Omagh
Omagh
West Strabane
Strabane
Lower Strabane
Strabane
Upper

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Antrim Armagh Down Fermanagh Londonderry Tyrone

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Antrim† Armagh† Cavan Donegal Down† Fermanagh† Londonderry† Monaghan Tyrone†

Italics denote non-administrative counties. Brackets denote non-traditional counties. †denotes non-administrative counties of Northern Ireland

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Ó Néill

General

Connachta Uí Néill Northern Uí Néill Cenél nEógain (Branches) Gaelic nobility of Ireland Kings of Ailech Tyrone
Tyrone
(Kings) Clandeboye Kings of Ulster Earl of Tyrone Viscount O'Neill O'Neill baronets An sluagh sidhe so i nEamhuin? High King of Ireland Betrayal of Clannabuidhe Tyrone's Rebellion Treaty of Mellifont Flight of the Earls Irish Rebellion of 1641 Irish Confederate Wars O'Neill's Regiment

Early progenitors

Niall of the Nine Hostages Eógan mac Néill Muiredach mac Eógain Muirchertach mac Muiredaig Domnall Ilchelgach Áed Uaridnach Máel Fithrich mac Áedo Máel Dúin mac Máele Fithrich Fergal mac Máele Dúin Niall Frossach Áed Oirdnide Niall Caille Áed Findliath

Ó Néill

Niall Glúndub Muirchertach mac Néill Domnall ua Néill Domnall Ua Lochlainn Flaithbertach Ua Néill Áed in Macáem Tóinlesc Aodh Méith Domhnall Óg mac Aodha Méith

Ó Néill Ruadh

Niall Ruadh mac Aodha Méith Brian Ua Néill Domhnall mac Brian Ó Néill Aodh Reamhair mac Domhnaill Niall Mór mac Aodha Reamhair Niall Óg mac Néill Brian Óg mac Néill Óg Domhnall Clarach Ó Néill Art Óg Ó Néill Conn O'Neill Phelim Caoch O'Neill Shane O'Neill Matthew O'Neill Brian O'Neill Hugh O'Neill Conn O'Neill Shane O'Neill Cormac MacBaron O'Neill Art MacBaron O'Neill Owen Roe O'Neill Brian MacArt O'Neill Hugh McShane O'Neill Henry MacShane O'Neill Conn MacShane O'Neill Turlough MacShane O'Neill Phelim MacShane O'Neill Gordon O'Neill Turlough Luineach O'Neill Arthur O'Neill

Ó Néill Clann Aodha Buidhe

Aodh Buidhe mac Domhnaill Óg Brian mac Aodha Buidhe Éinri mac Briain meic Aodha Buidhe Brian O'Neill Neil O'Neill Daniel O'Neill Rose O'Neill John O'Neill Charles O'Neill John Bruce O'Neill Féilim Ó Néill Conn Ó Néill João O'Neill Carlos O'Neill José Maria O'Neill José Carlos O'Neill Jorge Torlades O'Neill I Jorge Torlades O'Neill II Hugo José Jorge O'Neill Jorge Maria O'Neill Charles Henry O'Neill Hugo Ricciardi O'Neill

Ó Néill na Feadha

William Johnson John Johnson Guy Johnson Arturo O'Neill

Places

County Tyrone Tullyhogue
Tullyhogue
Fort Dungannon

Kinsmen

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Gaelic conquests

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