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COUNTY TYRONE (from Irish : Tír Eoghain, meaning "land of Eoghan") is one of the six historic counties of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
. It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland , and lies within the historic province of Ulster
Ulster
. It is no longer used as an administrative division for local government, but retains a strong identity in popular culture.

Adjoined to the south-west shore of Lough Neagh
Lough Neagh
, the county covers an area of 3,155 km2 (1,218 sq mi) and has a population of about 177,986, with its county town being Omagh . The county derives its name and general geographic location from Tyrone
Tyrone
, a Gaelic kingdom under the O\'Neill dynasty which existed until the 17th century.

CONTENTS

* 1 Name * 2 History * 3 Geography * 4 Demography

* 5 Settlements

* 5.1 Large towns * 5.2 Medium towns * 5.3 Small towns * 5.4 Intermediate settlements * 5.5 Villages * 5.6 Small villages

* 6 Subdivisions * 7 Future Railway Revival * 8 Sport * 9 Notable people * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 Further reading * 13 External links

NAME

The name Tyrone
Tyrone
is derived from Irish Tír Eoghain, meaning 'land of Eoghan ', the name given to the conquests made by the Cenél nEógain from the provinces of Airgíalla and Ulaid
Ulaid
. Historically, it was anglicised as Tirowen or Tyrowen, which are closer to the Irish pronunciation.

HISTORY

Main article: List of Kings of Tír Eógain

HISTORICAL POPULATION

YEAR POP. ±%

1653 3,988 —

1659 4,088 +2.5%

1821 261,865 +6305.7%

1831 304,468 +16.3%

1841 312,956 +2.8%

1851 255,661 −18.3%

1861 238,500 −6.7%

1871 215,766 −9.5%

1881 197,719 −8.4%

1891 171,401 −13.3%

1901 150,567 −12.2%

1911 142,665 −5.2%

1926 132,792 −6.9%

1937 127,586 −3.9%

1951 132,082 +3.5%

1961 133,919 +1.4%

1966 136,040 +1.6%

1971 139,073 +2.2%

1981 150,729 +8.4%

1991 156,284 +3.7%

2001 164,235 +5.1%

2011 177,986 +8.4%

Historically Tyrone
Tyrone
stretched as far north as Lough Foyle , and comprised part of modern-day County Londonderry
County Londonderry
east of the River Foyle . The majority of County Londonderry
County Londonderry
was carved out of Tyrone between 1610–1620 when that land went to the Guilds of London to set up profit making schemes based on natural resources located there. Tyrone
Tyrone
was the traditional stronghold of the various O'Neill clans and families, the strongest of the Gaelic Irish families in Ulster
Ulster
, surviving into the seventeenth century. The ancient principality of Tír Eoghain, the inheritance of the O'Neills, included the whole of the present counties of Tyrone
Tyrone
and Londonderry, and the four baronies of West Inishowen
Inishowen
, East Inishowen, Raphoe
Raphoe
North and Raphoe
Raphoe
South in County Donegal
County Donegal
.

In 1608 during O\'Doherty\'s Rebellion areas of the country were plundered and burnt by the forces of Sir Cahir O\'Doherty following his destruction of Derry . However, O'Doherty's men avoided the estates of the recently fled Earl of Tyrone
Tyrone
around Dungannon
Dungannon
, fearing Tyrone's anger if he returned from his exile.

GEOGRAPHY

With an area of 3,155 square kilometres (1,218 sq mi), Tyrone
Tyrone
is the largest county in Northern Ireland. The flat peatlands of East Tyrone border the shoreline of the largest lake in the British Isles, Lough Neagh , rising gradually across to the more mountainous terrain in the west of the county, the area surrounding the Sperrin Mountains , the highest point being Sawel Mountain at a height of 678 m (2,224 ft). The length of the county, from the mouth of the River Blackwater at Lough Neagh
Lough Neagh
to the western point near Carrickaduff hill is 55 miles (89 km). The breadth, from the southern corner, southeast of Fivemiletown , to the northeastern corner near Meenard Mountain is 37.5 miles (60.4 km); giving an area of 1,260 square miles (in 1900). Annaghone lays claim to be the geographical centre of Northern Ireland.

Tyrone
Tyrone
is connected by land to the county of Fermanagh
Fermanagh
to the southwest; Monaghan to the south; Armagh
Armagh
to the southeast; Londonderry to the north; and Donegal to the west. Across Lough Neagh
Lough Neagh
to the east, it borders County Antrim
County Antrim
. It is the eighth largest of Ireland's thirty-two counties by area and tenth largest by population. It is the second largest of Ulster's nine traditional counties by area and fourth largest by population. Blackrock Bridge near Newtownstewart , carrying the closed GNR mainline that ran through the county.

DEMOGRAPHY

It is one of four counties in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
which currently has a majority of the population from a Catholic community background, according to the 2011 census . In 1900 County Tyrone
Tyrone
had a population of 197,719, while in 2011 it was 177,986.

SETTLEMENTS

Main article: List of places in County Tyrone
Tyrone

LARGE TOWNS

(population of 18,000 or more and under 75,000 at 2001 Census)

* Omagh

MEDIUM TOWNS

(population of 10,000 or more and under 18,000 at 2001 Census)

* Cookstown * Dungannon
Dungannon
* Strabane
Strabane

SMALL TOWNS

(population of 4,500 or more and under 10,000 at 2001 Census)

* Coalisland
Coalisland

INTERMEDIATE SETTLEMENTS

(population of 2,250 or more and under 4,500 at 2001 Census)

* Castlederg

VILLAGES

(population of 1,000 or more and under 2,250 at 2001 Census)

* Ardboe * Carrickmore * Dromore * Fintona
Fintona
* Fivemiletown * Killyclogher * Moy * Newtownstewart * Sion Mills

SMALL VILLAGES

(population of less than 1,000 at 2001 Census)

* Altamuskin * Altmore * Ardstraw * Artigarvan * Augher * Aughnacloy * Ballygawley * Ballymagorry * Benburb * Beragh
Beragh
* Bready * Brockagh * Caledon * Clady * Clogher * Clonoe * Derryloughan * Derrytresk * Donaghmore * Donemana * Drumquin * Edenderry * Eglish * Erganagh * Eskra * Evish * Glenmornan * Gortin * Greencastle * Killyclogher * Loughmacrory * Kildress * Plumbridge * Pomeroy * Rock * Stewartstown * Tamnamore * Trillick * Tullyhogue
Tullyhogue
* Victoria Bridge

SUBDIVISIONS

BARONIES Main article: Barony (Ireland)

* Clogher * Dungannon
Dungannon
Lower * Dungannon
Dungannon
Middle * Dungannon
Dungannon
Upper * Omagh East * Omagh West * Strabane
Strabane
Lower * Strabane
Strabane
Upper

PARISHES Main article: List of civil parishes of County Tyrone
Tyrone

TOWNLANDS Main article: List of townlands in County Tyrone
Tyrone

FUTURE RAILWAY REVIVAL

There is the future possibility of the line being reopened to Dungannon
Dungannon
railway station from Portadown .

SPORT

The major sports in Tyrone
Tyrone
are Gaelic games
Gaelic games
, association football and rugby union .

* Gaelic football
Gaelic football
is more widely played than hurling in Tyrone. The Tyrone
Tyrone
GAA football side has had considerable success since 2000, winning three All Ireland titles (in 2003, 2005 and 2008). They have also won fourteen Ulster
Ulster
titles (1956, 1957, 1973, 1984, 1986, 1989, 1995, 1996, 2001, 2003, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2016) and two National League titles (in 2002 and 2003). * Association football
Association football
also has a large following in Tyrone. Omagh Town F.C. were members of the Irish Football League until they folded in 2005 due to financial problems. Dungannon
Dungannon
Swifts F.C. compete in the NIFL Premiership - the top division. Other teams include NIFL Championship side Dergview F.C. . * Rugby union
Rugby union
is very popular in the county. Dungannon
Dungannon
RFC plays in the All-Ireland League . Other teams include Omagh RFC, Clogher Valley RFC, Cookstown RFC and Strabane
Strabane
RFC.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Philomena Begley , Irish country music singer * James E. Boyd , seventh Governor of Nebraska * Paul Brady , musician * William Burke (1792–1829), grave robber and murderer * Peter Canavan , former All Ireland Tyrone
Tyrone
captain * William Carleton
William Carleton
(1794–1869), writer * Darren Clarke
Darren Clarke
, professional golfer * Tom Clarke , Irish Republican and leader of the 1916 Easter Rising

* Jimmy Cricket , comedian * Janet Devlin , soul and pop artist and contestant on The X Factor (UK) * Ryan Dolan
Ryan Dolan
, Ireland representative at the Eurovision Song Contest 2013 * Brian Dooher , former captain of the Tyrone
Tyrone
senior football team * Hugo Duncan , singer and broadcaster on BBC Radio * John Dunlap (1747–1812), publisher of the first American daily newspaper the Pennsylvania Packet in 1784, also the printer of the American Declaration of Independence * Brian Friel , dramatist and theatre director * Sylvia Hermon , Member of Parliament for North Down, born in Galbally, County Tyrone
Tyrone
* Aaron Hughes , captain of the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
football team * John Hughes (1797–1864), first Archbishop
Archbishop
of Roman Catholic Diocese of New York * Martin Hurson , Irish Republican * Matthias Kelly QC SC, chairman of the Bar of England and Wales 2003 * Ryan Kelly , singer with Celtic Thunder "Ryan Kelly". Retrieved 24 November 2015. * Benedict Kiely (1919–2007), writer and broadcaster * Gerry McKenna MRIA (1953–), biologist ; Vice Chancellor and President, University of Ulster
Ulster
; Vice President, Royal Irish Academy
Royal Irish Academy
* William McMaster (1811–1887), founder of Canadian Bank of Commerce and namesake of McMaster University * Mary Mallon (1869–1938), more commonly known as Typhoid Mary
Typhoid Mary
* W. F. Marshall (1888–1954), the 'Bard of Tyrone', Presbyterian minister, author and poet * Thomas Mellon , founder of Mellon Bank, now Bank of New York Mellon * Flann O\'Brien (1911–1966), writer * Dominic Ó Mongain (c.1715–1770s), poet and harpist * Arthur O\'Neill (c.1737–1816), travelling blind Irish harpist * Hugh O\'Neill, Earl of Tyrone
Tyrone
(Aodh Mór Ó Néill) (c.1550–1616), Irish leader during the Nine Years\' War * Thomas Porter , member of the Wisconsin State Assembly
Wisconsin State Assembly
* Victor Sloan MBE, visual artist * Ivan Sproule , football player for Bristol City F.C.
Bristol City F.C.
* Dennis Taylor , former world snooker champion .

SEE ALSO

Wikimedia Commons has media related to COUNTY TYRONE .

* Abbeys and priories in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
(County Tyrone) * High Sheriff of Tyrone
Tyrone
* List of civil parishes of County Tyrone
Tyrone
* List of places in County Tyrone
Tyrone
* List of townlands in County Tyrone
Tyrone
* Lord Lieutenant of Tyrone
Tyrone
* Ulster
Ulster
American Folk Park *