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County Louth
County Louth
(Irish: Contae Lú)[3] is a county[4] in Ireland. It is in the province of Leinster
Leinster
and is part of the Border Region. It is named after the village of Louth. Louth County Council
Louth County Council
is the local authority for the county. The population of the county is 122,897 according to the 2016 census.[5] Louth is also Ireland's smallest county by area.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Demographics

3.1 Towns and settlements (2011 Census) 3.2 Population by religion 3.3 Towns and villages

4 Local government and politics

4.1 Louth County Council 4.2 Louth Dáil Éireann constituency

5 Irish language 6 People

6.1 Entertainment 6.2 Military 6.3 Politics 6.4 Sport 6.5 Misc 6.6 Gallery

7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Geography[edit] County Louth
County Louth
is colloquially known as 'the Wee County' as it is Ireland's smallest county by area (826 km2 (319 mi2).[6] It is the 18th-largest in terms of population.[7] It is the smallest of Leinster’s 12 counties by size and the sixth-largest by population. Despite its fairly average total population, Louth is the second most densely populated county in Ireland behind Dublin, and the fourth on the island of Ireland, due to its small size. History[edit] See also: History of Dundalk
Dundalk
and History of Drogheda

Baronies of Louth

County Louth
County Louth
is named after the village of Louth, which in turn is named after Lugh, a god of the ancient Irish. Historically, the placename has had various spellings; "Lugmad", "Lughmhaigh", and "Lughmhadh" (see Historic Names List, for full listing). Lú is the modern simplified spelling. The county is steeped in myth, legend and history, and is a setting in the Táin Bó Cúailnge. Later it saw the influence of the Vikings as seen in the name of Carlingford Lough. They also established a longphort at Annagassan
Annagassan
in the ninth century. At this time Louth consisted of three sub-kingdoms each subject to separate over-kingdoms: Conaille (Ulaidh); Fir Rois (Airgialla); and, the Fir Arda Ciannachta (Midhe). The whole area became part of the O'Carroll Kingdom of Airgialla
Airgialla
(Oriel) early in the 12th century. A number of historic sites are in the county, including religious sites at Monasterboice, Mellifont Abbey
Mellifont Abbey
and the St Mary Magdalene Dominican Friary. The Normans occupied the Louth area in the 1180s, and it became known as 'English' Oriel, to distinguish it from the remainder ('Irish' Oriel) which remained in Irish hands. The latter became the McMahon lordship of Oriel of Monaghan. In the early 14th century, the Scottish army of Edward Bruce
Edward Bruce
was repulsed from Drogheda. Edward was finally defeated, losing his claim to the High Kingship of Ireland along with his life, in the Battle of Faughart near Dundalk, by a chiefly local force led by John de Bermingham. In 1189 AD, a royal charter was granted to Dundalk
Dundalk
after a Norman nobleman named Bertram de Verdun
Bertram de Verdun
erected a manor house at Castletown Mount. Later in 1412 , a royal charter was granted to Drogheda. This charter unified the towns of Drogheda-in-Meath and Drogheda-in-Uriel (Louth) as a County in its own right, styled as ‘the County of the town of Drogheda’.[8] Drogheda
Drogheda
continued as a County Borough until the setting up of County Councils, through the enactment of the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898, which saw all of Drogheda, including a large area south of the River Boyne, become part of an extended County Louth.[8][9][10] Until the late 16th century, Louth had been a part of Ulster, before being included as part of Leinster
Leinster
after a conference held at Faughart (in 1596) between the Chiefs of Ulster
Ulster
(O'Nial/O'Niel and O'Donel/McDonnel), on the Irish side, and the Archbishop of Cashel and the Earl of Ormonde on that of the English. The 16th and 17th centuries featured many skirmishes and battles involving Irish and English forces, as it was on the main route to 'the Moiry Pass' and the Ulster
Ulster
areas often in rebellion and as yet uncolonised. Oliver Cromwell attacked Drogheda
Drogheda
in 1649 slaughtering the Royalist garrison and hundreds of the town's citizens. Towards the end of the same century, the armies of the warring Kings, James and William, faced off in South Louth during the build-up to the Battle of the Boyne the battle was fought 3 km west Drogheda. Drogheda
Drogheda
held for James II
James II
under Lord Iveagh, but surrendered to King William (III) of Orange the day after the battle of the Boyne.[citation needed] In 1798, the leaders of the United Irishmen included Bartholomew Teeling, John Byrne, and Patrick Byrne, all from Castletown; Anthony Marmion from Louth Town
Town
and Dundalk, Anthony McCann from Corderry; Nicholas and Thomas Markey from Barmeath, and Arthur McKeown, John Warren, and James McAllister from Cambricville. They were betrayed by informers, notably a Dr. Conlan, who came from Dundalk, and an agent provocateur called Sam Turner, from Newry. Several leaders were hanged. The priest and scientist Nicholas Callan
Nicholas Callan
(1799–1864) was from Darver. Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1600 3,454 —    

1610 6,787 +96.5%

1653 8,527 +25.6%

1659 9,690 +13.6%

1821 119,129 +1129.4%

1831 124,846 +4.8%

1841 128,240 +2.7%

1851 107,662 −16.0%

1861 90,713 −15.7%

1871 84,021 −7.4%

1881 77,684 −7.5%

1891 71,038 −8.6%

1901 65,820 −7.3%

1911 63,665 −3.3%

1926 62,739 −1.5%

1936 64,339 +2.6%

1946 66,194 +2.9%

1951 68,771 +3.9%

1956 69,194 +0.6%

1961 67,378 −2.6%

1966 69,519 +3.2%

1971 74,951 +7.8%

1979 86,135 +14.9%

1981 88,514 +2.8%

1986 91,810 +3.7%

1991 90,724 −1.2%

1996 92,166 +1.6%

2002 101,821 +10.5%

2006 111,267 +9.3%

2011 122,897 +10.5%

2016 128,884 +4.9%

[11][12][13][14][15][16]

County Louth
County Louth
is the 19th largest county in terms of population[7] yet it is the most densely populated county in Ireland outside Dublin with a population density of 148.7 people per km², almost double that of the national average. The majority of the county's 122,897 population live in either Dundalk
Dundalk
in North Louth, or Drogheda
Drogheda
in South Louth. The 2011 Census[17] confirmed Drogheda[17] and Dundalk[17] as not only the largest towns in the county, but also the largest and second largest towns and overall 6th and 7th largest urban areas in Ireland. Towns and settlements (2011 Census)[edit]

Area Legal Town
Town
Limit Inc. Environs Inc. Rural

Dundalk 31,149[18] 37,816[19] 63,429

Drogheda 30,393[20] 38,578[21] 38,578

Ardee 4,554 4,927 7,418

Blackrock 3,000 3,000 3,000

Clogherhead 1,993 3,026 3,026

Dunleer 1,786 2,340 2,340

Termonfeckin 1,443 1,443 1,443

Tullyallen 1,358 1,358 1,358

Dromiskin 1,115 1,115 1,115

Carlingford 1,045 1,045 1,045

Castlebellingham 1,035 1,035 1,035

Louth 715 715 715

Tallanstown 673 673 673

Knockbridge 583 583 583

Omeath 503 503 503

Tinure 456 456 456

Jenkinstown 323 323 323

Beaulieu 221 221 221

Annagassan 180 180 180

Population by religion[edit]

Religion 2006 2011[22] 2016[23]

Roman Catholic 99,678 106,845 105,186

Church of Ireland (incl. Protestant) 1,759 2,179 -

Presbyterian 436 570 -

Methodist, Wesleyan 194 56 -

Jewish 15 19 -

Other stated religion (nec) 4,078 6,058 10,775

No religion 3,338 5,414 9,747

Not stated 1,769 1,756 3,176

Towns and villages[edit]

Annagassan Ardee Ballymascanlan Baltray Blackrock Carlingford Castlebellingham Clogherhead Collon Drogheda Dromiskin Dundalk Dunleer Greenore Gyles' Quay Jenkinstown Knockbridge Kilkerley Kilsaran Louth Omeath Paughanstown Sandpit, County Louth Stonetown Tallanstown Termonfeckin Tinure Tullyallen

Local government and politics[edit] Louth County Council[edit] Main article: Louth County Council The local authority is Louth County Council, offices in Dundalk, which provides a number of services including; planning, roads maintenance, fire brigade, council housing, water supply, waste collection, recycling and landfill, higher education grants and funding for arts and culture.[24] Since the implementation of the Local Government Reform Act 2014 on 1 June 2014, County Louth
County Louth
has been subdivided into four Local Electoral Area's (often abbreviated as LEA) for elections to Louth County Council and three Municipal districts for local government which are,

Ardee
Ardee
Municipal District Drogheda
Drogheda
Borough District Dundalk
Dundalk
Municipal District

Council Area District [t 1] LEA [t 2] Councillors [t 3]

Louth County Council
Louth County Council
(29) Ardee Y Y 6

Drogheda Y[t 4] Y 10

Dundalk Y

13

Dundalk
Dundalk
Carlingford

Y 6

Dundalk
Dundalk
South

Y 7

Key:

^ Y indicates the area is a municipal district. (Those designated as "metropolitan district" or "borough district" are footnoted.) ^ Y indicates the area is a local electoral area. ^ The number of Councillors returned by the LEA and/or the number on the district council. All district councillors are ex officio members of the county/city council. ^ Borough district.

Louth Dáil Éireann constituency[edit] Main article: Louth (Dáil Éireann constituency) For elections to Dáil Éireann, Louth is represented by the five member Louth constituency which takes in the entire county of Louth and two electoral divisions in County Meath. the Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009 merged the electoral divisions of St.Mary's (Part) and Julianstown, collectively known as "East Meath" in County Meath
County Meath
with County Louth
County Louth
to form one Dáil Éireann constituency. The Report on Dáil and European Parliament Constituencies 2007 outlined "by extending the constituency southwards from, and in the environs of, Drogheda
Drogheda
and taking in electoral divisions which have extensive linkages with the town. This will allow the inclusion of the town of Drogheda
Drogheda
and hinterland areas in a single constituency." [25] This merger allowed the areas of the Greater Drogheda
Drogheda
area in County Meath [26] and their combined population of 20,375 to be merged with Drogheda
Drogheda
and County Louth. Following the 2011 general election, the constituency elected two TDs for the Fine Gael
Fine Gael
party (centre right), and one touchdown each for Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
(centre to centre-right), the Labour Party (centre left) and Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(left wing). Irish language[edit] The area of Omeath
Omeath
was Irish-speaking until the early 20th century. A native dialect of Louth Irish existed there until about 1930, but is now extinct, although recordings have been made.[27] Within the county 1,587 people use Irish on a daily basis outside the education system according to the 2011 census.[28] People[edit] Entertainment[edit]

Pierce Brosnan
Pierce Brosnan
- Actor, James Bond Eamonn Campbell
Eamonn Campbell
- Member of The Dubliners Andrea Corr
Andrea Corr
- Singer, The Corrs Caroline Corr
Caroline Corr
- Musician, The Corrs Jim Corr
Jim Corr
- Musician, The Corrs Sharon Corr
Sharon Corr
- Musician, The Corrs Evanna Lynch
Evanna Lynch
- Actress, Harry Potter Cathy Maguire - Singer/songwriter John Moore - Film director Gerry O'Connor - Traditional Irish fiddle player Colin O'Donoghue
Colin O'Donoghue
- Actor, Once Upon a Time

Military[edit]

Admiral Francis Leopold McClintock
Francis Leopold McClintock
KCB FRS - Royal Navy
Royal Navy
officer and Explorer Major-General Arthur Thomas Moore VC - Soldier and recipient of the Victoria Cross

Politics[edit]

Dermot Ahern
Dermot Ahern
- Politician, Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
TD for Louth James Carroll - Politician, Fianna Fáil, member of Seanad Éireann from Louth Mark Dearey - Politician, Green Party Senator from Louth Séamus Kirk - Politician, Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
TD for Louth John McClintock (1770–1855), MP for Athlone 1820, for County Louth 1830–31 Brendan McGahon - Politician, Fine Gael
Fine Gael
TD for Louth Michael McKevitt - Republican dissident leader Arthur Morgan - Politician, Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
TD for Louth

Sport[edit]

Thomas Byrne - Former racing driver Nick Colgan - Footballer, currently playing for Grimsby Town
Town
F.C. Kenny Finn - Irish American
Irish American
soccer and gaelic football player Beatrice Hill-Lowe - Archer Gary Kelly - Footballer, Leeds United Robert Kearney - Irish Rugby player Colin Larkin - footballer, Hartlepool United Tommy Smyth - Football commentator for ESPN Steve Staunton
Steve Staunton
- Footballer Kevin Thornton - Footballer

Misc[edit]

George Drumgoole Coleman
George Drumgoole Coleman
- Civil architect Peter Rice
Peter Rice
- Structural engineer

Gallery[edit]

Dundalk
Dundalk
railway station

Dundalk
Dundalk
IT.

Cú Chulainn's stone

Castle Roche

Slive Foy and King John's Castle

Mellifont Abbey

Dromiskin
Dromiskin
Round Tower

Drogheda

Drogheda
Drogheda
railway station with the Enterprise

Clogherhead
Clogherhead
Harbour

Carlingford Harbour

See also[edit]

List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Louth) Lord Lieutenant of Louth High Sheriff of Louth List of songs about Louth

References[edit]

^ "Census 2016 Sapmap Area: County Louth". Central Statistics Office. 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2017.  ^ Central Statistics Office Census 2006 Reports. Central Statistics Office Ireland (April 2007). ^ "Placenames Database of Ireland". Fiontar (DCU) and The Placenames Branch (Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht). 2008. Retrieved 28 February 2014.  ^ Section 2(1) of the Local Government Act, 2001, provides that the administrative area for which a county council is responsible is a county: http://www.environ.ie/en/LocalGovernment/LocalGovernmentAdministration/RHLegislation/FileDownLoad,1963,en.pdf Archived 20 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ It is the 13th most populated county In the Republic of Ireland after mayo being the 12th most populous according to the 2016 census Census 2011 - County Louth
County Louth
Overview ^ "North West Passage". northwestpassage.org. Retrieved 20 March 2018.  ^ a b Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186–191. ISBN 0-340-89695-7.  ^ a b Johnston, L. C. (1826). History of Drogheda: from the earliest period to the present time. Drogheda. p. 37.  ^ D'Alton, John 1844, The History of Drogheda ^ http://irelandisbeautiful.com/tag/county-louth/ ^ For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy 14 March 1865. ^ "Server Error 404 - CSO - Central Statistics Office". www.cso.ie. Retrieved 20 March 2018.  ^ http://www.histpop.org Archived 7 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine. ^ NISRA - Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Statistics and Research Agency (c) 2013 Archived 17 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk (27 September 2010). Retrieved on 2013-07-23. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "Pre-famine". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.  ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x.  ^ a b c "Latest News".  ^ "Legal Towns Dundalk
Dundalk
Legal Town
Town
(CSO Area Code LT 10008)". Central Statistics Office. 2011.  ^ " Dundalk
Dundalk
Legal Town
Town
And Its Environs Results". Central Statistics Office. 2011. Archived from the original on 29 October 2014.  ^ "Legal Towns Drogheda
Drogheda
Legal Town
Town
(CSO Area Code LT 10008)". Central Statistics Office. 2011.  ^ " Drogheda
Drogheda
Legal Town
Town
And Its Environs Results". Central Statistics Office. 2011. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014.  ^ " Dundalk
Dundalk
Migration, Ethnicity and Religion (CSO Area Code LT 10008)". Central Statistics Office. 2011. Archived from the original on 29 October 2014.  ^ . Central Statistics Office. 2011 http://census.cso.ie/sapmap2016/Results.aspx?Geog_Type=CTY31&Geog_Code=2AE19629149113A3E055000000000001#SAPMAP_T2_240.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ "Services". Louth County Council. Retrieved 31 March 2011.  ^ http://www.constituency-commission.ie/docs%5Ccon2007.pdfThis ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 August 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2014.  ^ YouTube.  ^ "County Louth". Central Statistics Office. 2011. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to County Louth.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for County Louth.

Carlingford town local site Drogheda
Drogheda
Tourism - Official Site of the Drogheda
Drogheda
Tourist Office Dunleer
Dunleer
town portal Dunleer
Dunleer
Parish Louth Local Authorities Omeath
Omeath
town local site Tallanstown
Tallanstown
Tidy Towns CSO Louth

Places adjacent to County Louth

County Monaghan County Armagh
County Armagh
County Down
County Down

County Meath
County Meath

County Louth

Irish Sea

County Meath
County Meath

v t e

Places in County Louth

County town: Dundalk

Towns

Drogheda Dundalk

Villages and Townlands

Annagassan Ardee Ballymascanlan Baltray Blackrock Carlingford Castlebellingham Clogherhead Collon Dromiskin Dunleer Greenore Jenkinstown Knockbridge Louth Omeath Stonetown Tallanstown Termonfeckin Tullyallen

List of townlands in County Louth Category:Baronies of County Louth Category:Mountains and hills of County Louth Category:Rivers of County Louth Category:Geography of County Louth

v t e

Counties of Ireland

The counties are listed per province

 Connacht

Galway Leitrim Mayo Roscommon Sligo

 Leinster

Carlow Dublin

Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown Fingal South Dublin

Kildare Kilkenny Laois Longford Louth Meath Offaly Westmeath Wexford Wicklow

 Munster

Clare Cork Kerry Limerick Tipperary Waterford

 Ulster

Antrim† Armagh† Cavan Donegal Down† Fermanagh† Londonderry† Monaghan Tyrone†

Italics denote non-administrative counties. Brackets denote non-traditional counties. †denotes non-administrative counties of Northern Ireland

Coordinates: 53°50′N 6°30′W / 53.833°N 6.500°W / 53

.