COUNTY ARMAGH (named after its county town,
Armagh ) is one of six
counties that form
Northern Ireland . Adjoined to the southern shore
Lough Neagh , the county covers an area of 1,326 km² and has a
population of about 174,792. County
Armagh is known as the "Orchard
County" because of its many apple orchards. It is also one of the
thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland , as well as part of the
historic province of
* 1 Etymology
* 2 Geography and features
* 2.1 Climate
* 3 History
* 3.1 The Troubles
* 4 Administration
* 5 Settlements
* 5.1 Large towns
* 5.2 Medium towns
* 5.3 Small towns
* 5.4 Intermediate settlements
* 5.5 Villages
* 5.6 Small villages or hamlets
* 6 Subdivisions
* 7 Transport
* 8 Inland waterways
* 9 Sport
* 10 People associated with County
* 11 Places of interest
* 12 Surnames
* 13 Gallery
* 14 See also
* 15 References
* 16 External links
The name "Armagh" derives from the Irish word _Ard_ meaning "height"
(or high place) and _
Macha is mentioned in _The Book of the
Taking of Ireland _, and is also said to have been responsible for the
construction of the hill site of Emain
Navan Fort near
Armagh City ) to serve as the capital of the
Ulaid kings (who give
their name to
Ulster ), also thought to be Macha's _height_.
GEOGRAPHY AND FEATURES
From its highest point at
Slieve Gullion , in the south of the
County, Armagh's land falls away from its rugged south with
Camlough mountains, to rolling drumlin country
in the middle and west of the county and finally flatlands in the
north where rolling flats and small hills reach sea level at Lough
Neagh . An orchard near Drummannon
County Armagh's boundary with Louth is marked by the rugged Ring of
Gullion rising in the south of the county whilst much of its boundary
with Monaghan and Down goes unnoticed with seamless continuance of
drumlins and small lakes. The River Blackwater marks the border with
County Tyrone and
Lough Neagh otherwise marks out the County's
There are also a number of uninhabited islands in the county's
section of Lough Neagh: Coney Island Flat, Croaghan Flat, Padian, Phil
Roe's Flat and the Shallow Flat.
Despite lying in the east of Ireland,
Armagh enjoys an oceanic
climate strongly influenced by the Gulf Stream with damp mild winters,
and temperate, wet summers. Overall temperatures rarely drop below
freezing during daylight hours, though frost is not infrequent in the
months November to February. Snow rarely lies for longer than a few
hours even in the elevated south-east of the County. Summers are mild
and wet and although with sunshine often interspersed with showers,
daylight lasts for almost 18 hours during high-summer.
CLIMATE DATA FOR COUNTY ARMAGH
AVERAGE HIGH °F
AVERAGE LOW °F
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES
AVERAGE HIGH °C
AVERAGE LOW °C
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM
Armagh was the territory of the
Ulaid (also known as
Voluntii, Ultonians, Ulidians, Ulstermen) before the fourth century
AD. It was ruled by the
Red Branch , whose capital was Emain
Navan Fort) near Armagh. The site, and subsequently the city, were
named after the goddess
Macha . The
Red Branch play an important role
Ulster Cycle , as well as the
Cattle Raid of Cooley . However,
they were eventually driven out of the area by the Three Collas, who
invaded in the 4th century and held power until the 12th. The Clan
Colla ruled the area known as Airghialla or Oriel for these 800 years.
The chief Irish septs of the county were descendants of the Collas,
the O'Hanlons and MacCanns, and the
Uí Néill , the O'Neills of Fews.
Armagh was divided into several baronies:
Armagh was held by the
O'Rogans, Lower Fews was held by O'Neill of the Fews, and Upper Fews
were under governance of the O'Larkins, who were later displaced by
Oneilland East was the territory of the O'Garveys, who
were also displaced by the MacCanns. Oneilland West, like Oneilland
East, was once O'Neill territory, until it was then held by the
MacCanns, who were Lords of Clanbrassil. Upper and Lower Orior were
Tiranny was ruled by Ronaghan. Miscellaneous
tracts of land were ruled by O'Kelaghan. The area around the base of
Slieve Guillion near
Newry also became home to a large number of the
McGuinness clan as they were dispossessed of hereditary lands held in
the County Down.
Armagh was the seat of
St. Patrick , and the Catholic Church
continues to be his see. County
Armagh is presently one of four
Northern Ireland to have a majority of the population from
a Catholic background, according to the 2011 census .
The southern part of the County has been a stronghold of support for
the IRA , earning it the nickname "Bandit Country" though this is
widely regarded as an untrue media label that has resulted in the
vilification and demonisation of the local community. South
predominantly nationalist , with most of the population being opposed
to any form of British presence, especially that of a military nature.
See Provisional IRA South
Armagh Brigade for further information.
On 10 March 2009, the CIRA claimed responsibility for the fatal
shooting of a PSNI officer in
Craigavon , County Armagh—the first
police fatality in
Northern Ireland since 1998. The officer was
fatally shot by a sniper as he and a colleague investigated
"suspicious activity" at a house nearby when a window was smashed by
youths causing the occupant to phone the police. The PSNI officers
responded to the emergency call, giving a CIRA sniper the chance to
shoot and kill officer Stephen Carroll.
Armagh is no longer used as an administrative district for
local Government purposes; however, it remains officially used for
purposes such as a
Lieutenancy area – the county retains a lord
lieutenant who acts as representative of the
British Monarch in the
Armagh ceased to serve as a local government unit in 1973.
Currently the county is covered for local government purposes by four
district councils , namely
Armagh City and District Council , most of
Craigavon Borough Council , approximately the western third of Newry
and Mourne District Council and a part of
Dungannon and South Tyrone
Borough Council , centred around
Peatlands Park .
With the proposed reform of local government in
Northern Ireland in
Armagh would have comprised part of two new council
Armagh City and Bann District, and
Newry City and Down;
however, that reform has not proceeded to date.
Armagh ceased to serve as an electoral constituency in 1983, but
remains the core of the
Armagh constituency represented at
Westminster and the
Armagh constituency represented in the
Northern Ireland Assembly . County
Armagh also remains as a district
for legal and property purposes; however, its baronies no longer have
any administrative use.
The -XZ suffix is currently used on vehicle registration plates for
vehicles registered in County Armagh.
Main article: List of places in County
(population of 18,000 or more and under 75,000 at 2001 Census)
Newry (though part of the settlement is in
County Down )
Craigavon , includes:
(population of 10,000 or more and under 18,000 at 2001 Census)
Armagh (has city status)
(population of 4,500 or more and under 10,000 at 2001 Census)
(population of 2,250 or more and under 4,500 at 2001 Census)
(population of 1,000 or more and under 2,250 at 2001 Census)
Poyntzpass (a part of the settlement is in
County Down )
SMALL VILLAGES OR HAMLETS
(population of fewer than 1,000 at 2001 Census)
BARONIES The Baronies of County
Armagh (1900) Main article:
Baronies of Ireland
PARISHES Main article: List of civil parishes of County
TOWNLANDS Main article: List of townlands in County
The M1 near
Portadown railway station
Armagh is traversed by two major highways – the M1 linking
Dungannon crosses the north of the county whilst the A1/N1
Dublin runs in the far south east.
Armagh has numerous
local roads connecting settlements in the county.
Armagh once had a well-developed railway network with connections to,
Armagh City , Culloville , Goraghwood ,
History of rail transport in Ireland ) but
Newry (Bessbrook) ,
Poyntzpass , Scarva , and
Lurgan are served by rail.
There is a possible railway re-opening from
Portadown railway station
Armagh railway station in the future. Government Minister for the
Department for Regional Development ,
Danny Kennedy MLA indicates
railway restoration plans of the line from
Ulsterbus provides the most extensive public transport system within
the county, including frequent bus transfers daily from most towns to
Northern Ireland Railways /
Iarnród Éireann 's Enterprise
service provides connections to
Dublin in little over an hour and
Belfast in little over forty minutes, several times daily.
Armagh is traversed by the
Ulster Canal and the
which are not fully open to navigation.
In association football, the
NIFL Premiership , which operates as the
top division, has two teams in the county:
Glenavon F.C. and Portadown
F.C. , with Annagh United ,
Armagh City F.C. ,
Dollingstown F.C. ,
Loughgall F.C. and
Lurgan Celtic F.C. competing in the NIFL
Championship , which operates as levels two and three.
Armagh County Board of the
Gaelic Athletic Association or ARMAGH
Gaelic games in the county.
PEOPLE ASSOCIATED WITH COUNTY ARMAGH
_See main article_: People from County
Frank Aiken (1898–1983), born in County Armagh, Irish Republican
, Irish Minister for External Affairs ,
* Les Binks born in County Armagh. World famous rock virtuoso
drummer with Judas Priest.
* Saint Benignus of
Armagh , (d. 467), first rector of the Cathedral
Armagh and Bishop of Armagh
Brian Boru (941–1014), buried in
Armagh City, victor of Clontarf
High King of Ireland
* George Buchanan Armstrong (1822–1871), born in County Armagh,
developed new system of sorting mail on trains in the United States
* Sir Robert Hart (1835–1911), born in County Armagh, second
Inspector-General of China's
Imperial Maritime Customs Service (IMCS)
from 1863 to 1911
Arthur Hunter Palmer (1819–1898), born in County Armagh, 5th
Premier of Queensland
* Samuel Knox (1756–1832), born in County Armagh, Presbyterian
clergyman, school principal, and author.
Tommy Makem (1932-2007), born in County Armagh, singer, musician,
and songwriter, often called "The Bard of Armagh".
Seamus Mallon (1936– ), born in County Armagh, first deputy
First Minister of
Colin Morgan (1986– ), born in County Armagh, actor
Paul Muldoon (1951- ), born in County Armagh, poet, winner of the
Pulitzer Prize for Poetry and the
T. S. Eliot Prize
T. S. Eliot Prize
Tomás Ó Fiaich (1923–1990), born in County Armagh, Cardinal
(Catholicism) , Catholic Archbishop of
Armagh and Primate of All
* Eunan O\'Neill (1982), born in County Armagh, journalist, _Russia
William Olpherts (1822–1902), born in County Armagh, soldier
and recipient of the
Ian Paisley (1926– 2014), born in County Armagh, clergyman,
politician , second First Minister of
Saint Patrick (fifth century), first Bishop of Armagh
* Connor Phillips (1981- ), born in County Armagh, radio, television
presenter and DJ
George William Russell 'Æ' (1867–1919), born in County Armagh,
author, critic and painter
Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh (1759–1822), educated in
The Royal School, Armagh. British Foreign Secretary , Secretary for
War , Leader of the United Kingdom House of Commons and Chief
Secretary for Ireland
Colin Turkington (1982), born in Portadown, County Armagh,
professional racing driver and 2009 British Touring Car champion .
James Ussher (1581–1656),
Church of Ireland
Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh
Primate of All Ireland 1625–1656
Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley (1760–1842), educated
in The Royal School, Armagh.
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and Governor
General of India
PLACES OF INTEREST
Armagh Observatory , founded in 1790 ">
The Enterprise near
Killnasaggart Stone, 700 A.D.
St. Patrick\'s Anglican Cathedral , est. 445
The small town of
Clare Glen Forest,
The Knock Bridge near
Portadown on the
Gosford Castle ,outside of
Wikimedia Commons has media related to COUNTY ARMAGH _.
* Abbeys and priories in
Northern Ireland (County Armagh)
List of Irish counties by area
List of Irish counties by population
List of Irish counties by population
* Lord Lieutenant of
* High Sheriff of
* ^ Census figures are no longer released detailing returns for
Counties but rather Parliamentary Constituency, Local Government
District, Electoral Ward and Output Area. This figure is based on a
tally of all persons resident in the wards comprising County
29 April 2001, i.e. all electoral wards of the
Newry & Armagh
Parliamentary Constituency (minus St. Mary's, St. Patrick's and
Windsor Hill from County Down) combined with the 17 wards in the Upper
Bann Parliamentary Constituency from County
Armagh (i.e. Derrytrasna,
Birches, Bleary, Drumgask, Taghnevan, Court, Annagh, Brownstown,
Ballybay, Ballyoran, Corcrain, Edenderry, Killycomain, Kernan,
Drumgor, Mourneview, Church, Knocknashane, Parklane, Woodville,
Drumnamoe, and Tavanagh). "Area Profiles". _Northern Ireland
Neighbourhood Information Service_. Retrieved 8 August 2008.
* ^ Tourism Ireland: 2007 Yearly Report in
Ulster Scots Archived 17
July 2012 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ North-South Ministerial Council: 2006 Annual Report in Ulster
Scots Archived 27 February 2013 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ County Armagh, Land Area
* ^ Your Place And Mine – Armagh
* ^ "Met Office". Retrieved 4 October 2008.
* ^ For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those
years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy 14 March 1865.
* ^ Census for post 1821 figures. Archived 9 March 2005 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ http://www.histpop.org Archived 7 May 2016 at the Wayback
* ^ NISRA –
Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (c)
2013 Archived 17 February 2012 at the
Wayback Machine ..
Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk (27 September 2010). Retrieved on 23 July 2013.
* ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish
censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. _Irish Population,
Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell_.
Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
* ^ Mokyr, Joel ; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New
Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". _The Economic
History Review_. 37 (4): 473–488. doi
* ^ "Myth of Bandit Country". Armagh: Iarchimi Ard Mhacha Theas. 16
May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
* ^ "Continuity IRA shot dead officer". London: BBC News. 10 March
2009. Retrieved 10 March 2009.
* ^ "Continuity IRA claims PSNI murder". RTÉ News and Current
Affairs . 10 March 2009. Archived from the original on 11 March 2009.
Retrieved 10 March 2009.
* ^ See the
Northern Ireland (Lieutenancy) Order 1975 (SI 1975 No.
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ "Statistical classification of
settlements". _NI Neighbourhood Information Service_. Retrieved 23
* ^ The
Ulster Gazette. 16 May 2013
* ^ "Kennedy has hopes for
Armagh line restoration – Portadown
Times". Retrieved 21 August 2013.
* ^ _Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896_.
Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
* ^ _Ibid_.
* ^ Most Common Surnames in Armagh
* Neil Lennon-former captain of Glasgow Celtic F.C. (Autobiography:
Man and Bhoy)
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for COUNTY ARMAGH _.