This is a list of counts of Castile. The County of Castile had its
origin in a fortified march on the eastern frontier of the Kingdom of
Asturias. The earliest counts were not hereditary, being appointed as
representatives of the Asturian king. From as early as 867, with the
creation of the County of Álava, Castile was subdivided into several
smaller counties that were not reunited until 931. In the later
10th-century, while nominally in vassalage to the Kingdom of León,
the counts grew in autonomy and played a significant role in Iberian
politics. After the assassination in 1029 of Count García Sánchez of
Castile, King Sancho III of Pamplona, because of his marriage to
Muniadona, García's sister, governed the county although he never
held the title of count: it was his son, Ferdinand Sánchez, the
Ferdinand I of León
1 Counts of Castile
1.1 The early, non-hereditary counts 1.2 Beni Mamaduna 1.3 Jiménez Dynasty
2 See also 3 Notes 4 References 5 Bibliography
Counts of Castile The early, non-hereditary counts
Rodrigo (860–873),. He could have also been count in Álava
Diego Rodríguez Porcelos
Following the appointment of Fernán González in 931 to succeed both
Gutier Núñez and Álvaro Herraméliz, he reunited the divided
counties of Castile, Burgos, Álava, Cerezo and
Lantarón into what
would become a single semi-autonomous hereditary county of
Fernán González (931–970), son of Gonzalo Fernández, married Sancha Sánchez, widow of Álvaro Herrameliz.
Ansur Fernández (944–947), son of Ferdinand Ansúrez, in opposition to Fernán González during the latter's rebellion, father-in-law of Sancho I of León
García Fernández (970–995), son of Fernán González Sancho García (995–1017), son of García Fernández García Sánchez (1017–1029), son of Sancho García.
Jiménez Dynasty With the death of Garcia Sánchez, the county of Castile passed to the family of his eldest sister, Muniadona of Castile, wife of Sancho III of Pamplona. Sancho thus became de facto ruler of Castile, though he was never its count, nominating his younger son to succeed Garcia.
Ferdinand Sánchez (1029-1065), who continued to serve as count of Castile after he became king Ferdinand I of León.[c] On his death, Castile was elevated to a kingdom for his firstborn son, Sancho, who ruled as Sancho II of Castile.
List of Castilian monarchs. List of Asturian monarchs List of Castilian monarchs List of Castilian consorts List of Leonese monarchs List of Navarrese monarchs List of Spanish monarchs
^ "...probably on 22 December , the day on which the Basilica of San Isidoro was consecrated, Ferdinand I, announced before the large number of magnates and bishops who went to León for the occasion, his decision to divide the kingdom among his sons to avoid future discord upon his death." (translation)  ^ "...from at least 899 until 931, the counties of Castile and Burgos are clearly differentiated, even though governed sometimes by the same individual (...) united or separate, with the only exception of the County of Castile in 929, they were governed by members of the same family: such as Munio Núñez, or his nephews, the brothers Gonzalo and Nuño Fernández or the son of the latter, Gutier Núñez. ^ "We can and must state with absolute certainty the fact that Ferdinand was never King of Castile, and that [Castile] never changed its nature as a county, subordinated to the King of León, and that it did not become a kingdom until the death of Ferdinand I in the year 1065" (translation)
^ a b c Martínez Díez 2007, p. 181. ^ a b c Martínez Díez 2005, vol. 2, p. 713. ^ Sánchez Candeira 1999, pp. 220–230. ^ Sánchez Candeira 1999, p. 230. ^ Martínez Díez 2005, vol. 1, p. 157. ^ Martínez Díez 2005, p. 198. ^ Martínez Díez 2005, vol. 1, pp. 161–185. ^ a b Martínez Díez 2005, vol. 1, pp. 192–193. ^ Martínez Díez 2005, vol. 1, pp. 199–200. ^ Martínez Díez 2005, vol. 1, p. 195. ^ a b Martínez Díez 2005, vol. 1, p. 196. ^ Martínez Díez 2005, vol. 1, pp. 196–197. ^ a b c d Martínez Díez 2005, vol. 1, p. 197. ^ a b Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León 1999, p. 211. ^ Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León 1999, p. 209. ^ Martínez Diez 2005, Vol 1, p. 309. ^ Martínez Diez 2005, Vol 1, p. 197. ^ Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León 1999, p. 213. ^ Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León 1999, p. 215. ^ Martínez Diez 2005, Vol 1, p. 127,136.
Martínez Díez, Gonzalo (2005). El Condado de Castilla (711–1038): La historia frente a la leyenda. Valladolid: Junta de Castilla y León. ISBN 84-9718-275-8. Martínez Díez, Gonzalo (2007). Sancho III el Mayor Rey de Pamplona, Rex Ibericus (in Spanish). Madrid: Marcial Pons Historia. ISBN 978-84-96467-47-7. Pérez de Urbel, Justo (1945). Historia del Condado de Castilla. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. OCLC 5661964. Sánchez Candeira, Alfonso (1999). Rosa Montero Tejada (sponsored by Fundación BBV, Fundación Ramón Areces, Caja Madrid Fundación), eds. Castilla y León en el siglo XI, estudio del reinado de Fernando I (in Spanish). Madrid: Real Academia de la Historia. ISBN 978-84-8951241-2. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León, Margarita Cecilia (1999). Linajes nobiliarios de León y Castilla: Siglos IX-XIII. Salamanca: Junta de Castilla y León, Consejería de educación y cultura. ISBN 84