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The Info List - Countries Of The World


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This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty. Membership within the United Nations
United Nations
system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states,[1] 2 observer states, and 11 other states. The sovereignty dispute column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (191 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (15 states, out of which there are 5 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood. For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the criteria for inclusion section below. The list is intended to include entities that have been recognized to have de facto status as sovereign states, and inclusion should not be seen as an endorsement of any specific claim to statehood in legal terms.

Contents

1 List of states 2 Criteria for inclusion 3 See also 4 Notes 5 References 6 Bibliography

List of states

Common and formal names Membership within the UN System[a] Sovereignty
Sovereignty
dispute[b] Further information on status and recognition of sovereignty[d]

A AAA A AAA A AAA

ZZZ↓ UN member states and observer states ↓ A AAA ZZZ

ZZZ Abkhazia
Abkhazia
→ Abkhazia A UN member state A None

 Afghanistan – Islamic Republic of Afghanistan A UN member state A None

 Albania – Republic of Albania A UN member state A None

 Algeria – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria A UN member state A None

 Andorra – Principality of Andorra A UN member state A None Andorra
Andorra
is a co-principality in which the office of head of state is jointly held ex officio by the French president and the bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Urgell,[2] who himself is appointed by the Holy See.

 Angola – Republic of Angola A UN member state A None

 Antigua and Barbuda A UN member state A None Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda
is a Commonwealth realm[e] with 1 autonomous region, Barbuda.[f]

 Argentina – Argentine Republic[g] A UN member state A None Argentina
Argentina
is a federation of 23 provinces and 1 autonomous city.

 Armenia – Republic of Armenia A UN member state A None Not recognized by Pakistan.[4][5][6] See Armenia–Pakistan relations
Armenia–Pakistan relations
and Nagorno-Karabakh
Nagorno-Karabakh
conflict.

ZZZArtsakh → Artsakh A UN member state A None

 Australia – Commonwealth of Australia A UN member state A None Australia
Australia
is a Commonwealth realm[e] and a federation of six states and 10 territories. The external territories of Australia
Australia
are:

 Ashmore and Cartier Islands  Australian Antarctic Territory  Christmas Island  Cocos (Keeling) Islands  Coral Sea Islands Territory  Heard Island and McDonald Islands  Norfolk Island

 Austria – Republic of Austria A UN member state A None Member of the European Union.[c] Austria
Austria
is a federation of nine states (Bundesländer).

 Azerbaijan – Republic of Azerbaijan A UN member state A None Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
contains two autonomous regions, Nakhchivan and Nagorno-Karabakh
Nagorno-Karabakh
(Dağlıq Qarabağ).[f] The Republic of Artsakh, a de facto state, has been established in the latter.

 Bahamas, The – Commonwealth of The Bahamas[8] A UN member state A None The Bahamas
The Bahamas
is a Commonwealth realm.[e]

 Bahrain – Kingdom of Bahrain A UN member state A None

 Bangladesh – People's Republic of Bangladesh A UN member state A None

 Barbados A UN member state A None Barbados
Barbados
is a Commonwealth realm.[e]

 Belarus – Republic of Belarus A UN member state A None Belarus
Belarus
forms the Union State
Union State
jointly with Russia.

 Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] Belgium
Belgium
is a federation divided into linguistic communities and regions.

 Belize A UN member state A None Belize
Belize
is a Commonwealth realm.[e]

 Benin – Republic of Benin[h] A UN member state A None

 Bhutan – Kingdom of Bhutan A UN member state A None

 Bolivia – Plurinational State of Bolivia A UN member state A None

 Bosnia and Herzegovina A UN member state A None Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
is a federation of two constituent units:

  Federation
Federation
of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Republika Srpska

and Brčko District, a self-governing administrative unit.[9]

 Botswana – Republic of Botswana A UN member state A None

 Brazil – Federative Republic of Brazil A UN member state A None Brazil
Brazil
is a federation of 26 states and 1 federal district.

 Brunei – Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace A UN member state A None

 Bulgaria – Republic of Bulgaria A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]

 Burkina Faso[i] A UN member state A None

Burma → Myanmar A UN member state A None

 Burundi – Republic of Burundi A UN member state A None

 Cambodia – Kingdom of Cambodia A UN member state A None

 Cameroon – Republic of Cameroon A UN member state A None

 Canada[j] A UN member state A None Canada
Canada
is a Commonwealth realm[e] and a federation of 10 provinces and three territories.

 Cape Verde – Republic of Cabo Verde A UN member state A None

 Central African Republic A UN member state A None

 Chad – Republic of Chad A UN member state A None

 Chile – Republic of Chile A UN member state A None Chile
Chile
has two "special territories" in the Valparaíso Region: Easter Island and Juan Fernández Islands

 China – People's Republic of China[k] A UN member state Partially unrecognized. B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia
Serbia
Claimed by Somalia
Somalia
Claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
Claimed by the Republic of China
China
Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus
Disputed by Israel
Israel
Claimed by Morocco
Morocco
Claimed by Moldova
Moldova
Claimed by Mali
Mali
Claimed by Spain The People's Republic of China
China
(PRC) contains five autonomous regions, Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang
Xinjiang
and Tibet.[f] Additionally, it has sovereignty over the Special
Special
Administrative Regions of:

 Hong Kong  Macau

China
China
claims, but does not control Taiwan, which is governed by a rival administration (the Republic of China) that claims all of China as its territory.[l] China
China
is not recognised by 20 UN member states and the Holy See, which, with the exception of Bhutan, recognise Taiwan
Taiwan
instead.[m] China
China
controls part of the territory of Kashmir, which is disputed by India
India
and Pakistan.

China, Republic of → Taiwan A UN member state A None

 Colombia – Republic of Colombia A UN member state A None

 Comoros – Union of the Comoros A UN member state A None Comoros
Comoros
is a federation of 3 islands.[n]

 Congo, Democratic Republic of the[o] A UN member state A None

 Congo, Republic of the[p] A UN member state A None

ZZZ Cook Islands
Cook Islands
→ Cook Islands A UN member state A None

 Costa Rica – Republic of Costa Rica A UN member state A None

Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory Coast A UN member state A None

 Croatia – Republic of Croatia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]

 Cuba – Republic of Cuba A UN member state A None

 Cyprus – Republic of Cyprus A UN member state Not recognized by Turkey[11] Member of the EU.[c] The northeastern part of the island is the de facto state of Northern Cyprus. See Foreign relations of Cyprus
Cyprus
and Cyprus
Cyprus
dispute. Turkey
Turkey
refers to the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus
government as "The Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus".[12]

 Czech Republic[q] A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]

Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Korea
→ Korea, North A UN member state A None

Democratic Republic of the Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo
→ Congo, Democratic Republic of the A UN member state A None

 Denmark – Kingdom of Denmark A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] The Kingdom of Denmark
Denmark
includes two self-governing territories:

 Faroe Islands  Greenland

The continental territory of Denmark, the Faroe Islands, and Greenland form the three constituent countries of the Kingdom. The designation "Denmark" can refer either to continental Denmark
Denmark
or to the short name for the entire Kingdom (e.g. in international organizations). The Kingdom of Denmark
Denmark
as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law does not apply to the Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
and Greenland.[13][14] Also see Greenland
Greenland
Treaty.

 Djibouti – Republic of Djibouti A UN member state A None

 Dominica – Commonwealth of Dominica A UN member state A None

 Dominican Republic A UN member state A None

 East Timor – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste[r] A UN member state A None

 Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador A UN member state A None

 Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt A UN member state A None

 El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador A UN member state A None

 Equatorial Guinea – Republic of Equatorial Guinea A UN member state A None

 Eritrea – State of Eritrea A UN member state A None

 Estonia – Republic of Estonia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]

 Ethiopia – Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia A UN member state A None Ethiopia
Ethiopia
is a federation of nine regions and two chartered cities.

 Fiji – Republic of Fiji A UN member state A None Fiji
Fiji
contains 1 autonomous region, Rotuma.[f][15][16]

 Finland – Republic of Finland A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]

 Åland is a neutral and demilitarised autonomous region of Finland.[f][s]

 France – French Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] France
France
contains five overseas regions/departments: French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Réunion. France
France
also includes the overseas territories of:

 Clipperton Island  French Polynesia  New Caledonia  Saint Barthélemy  Saint Martin  Saint Pierre and Miquelon  Wallis and Futuna  French Southern and Antarctic Lands

 Gabon – Gabonese Republic A UN member state A None

Gambia  Gambia, The – Republic of The Gambia[17] A UN member state A None

 Georgia A UN member state A None Georgia contains two autonomous republics, Adjara
Adjara
and Abkhazia.[f] In Abkhazia
Abkhazia
and South Ossetia, de facto states have been formed.

 Germany – Federal Republic of Germany A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] Germany
Germany
is a federation of 16 federated states (Länder).

 Ghana – Republic of Ghana A UN member state A None

 Greece – Hellenic Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] Mount Athos
Mount Athos
is an autonomous part of Greece
Greece
that is jointly governed by the multinational "Holy Community" on the mountain and a civil governor appointed by the Greek government.[18]

 Grenada A UN member state A None Grenada
Grenada
is a Commonwealth realm.[e]

 Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala A UN member state A None

 Guinea – Republic of Guinea[t] A UN member state A None

 Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau A UN member state A None

 Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana A UN member state A None

 Haiti – Republic of Haiti A UN member state A None

Holy See
Holy See
→ Vatican City A UN member state A None

 Honduras – Republic of Honduras A UN member state A None

 Hungary A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]

 Iceland[u] A UN member state A None

 India – Republic of India A UN member state A None India
India
is a federation of 29 states and seven union territories. India claims the entire territory of Kashmir
Kashmir
as one of its states, but only exercises control over part of it, while the rest is controlled by the People's Republic of China
China
and Pakistan.

 Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia A UN member state A None Indonesia
Indonesia
has five provinces with official special autonomy status: Aceh, Jakarta
Jakarta
SCR, Yogyakarta SR, Papua, and West Papua.[f]

 Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran A UN member state A None

 Iraq – Republic of Iraq A UN member state A None Iraq
Iraq
is a federation[n][22] of 19 governorates, five of which make up the autonomous Iraqi Kurdistan.[f]

 Ireland[24] A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]

 Israel – State of Israel A UN member state Partially unrecognized Israel
Israel
exerts strong control over the territory claimed by Palestine. Israel
Israel
annexed East Jerusalem,[25] an annexation not recognised by the international community.[26] Israel
Israel
maintains varying levels of control over the rest of the West Bank, and although Israel
Israel
no longer has a permanent civilian or military presence in the Gaza Strip, following its unilateral disengagement, it is still considered by some to be the occupying power under international law.[27][28][29][30][31] Israel
Israel
is not recognised as a state by 32 UN members (including most Arab states) nor by the SADR.

 Italy – Italian Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] Italy
Italy
has five autonomous regions, Aosta Valley, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily
Sicily
and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.[f]

 Ivory Coast – Republic of Côte d'Ivoire A UN member state A None

 Jamaica A UN member state A None Jamaica
Jamaica
is a Commonwealth realm.[e]

 Japan A UN member state A None

 Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan A UN member state A None

 Kazakhstan – Republic of Kazakhstan A UN member state A None

 Kenya – Republic of Kenya A UN member state A None

 Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati A UN member state A None

 Korea, North – Democratic People's Republic of Korea A UN member state B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea
North Korea
Claimed by Serbia
Serbia
Claimed by Somalia
Somalia
Claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
Claimed by the Republic of China
China
Claimed by South Korea
South Korea
Claimed by Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus
Disputed by Israel
Israel
Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova
Moldova
Claimed by Mali
Mali
Claimed by Spain North Korea
North Korea
is not recognised by three UN members: France, Japan
Japan
and South Korea.[v]

 Korea, South – Republic of Korea A UN member state B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea
North Korea
Claimed by Serbia
Serbia
Claimed by Somalia
Somalia
Claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
Claimed by the Republic of China
China
Claimed by South Korea
South Korea
Claimed by Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus
Disputed by Israel
Israel
Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova
Moldova
Claimed by Mali
Mali
Claimed by Spain South Korea
South Korea
contains 1 autonomous region, Jejudo.[f][33] South Korea is not recognised by one UN member: North Korea.[v]

ZZZ Kosovo
Kosovo
→ Kosovo A UN member state A None

 Kuwait – State of Kuwait A UN member state A None

 Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Republic A UN member state A None

 Laos – Lao People's Democratic Republic A UN member state A None

 Latvia – Republic of Latvia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]

 Lebanon – Lebanese Republic A UN member state A None

 Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho A UN member state A None

 Liberia – Republic of Liberia A UN member state A None

 Libya A UN member state A None

 Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein A UN member state A None

 Lithuania – Republic of Lithuania A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]

 Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]

 Macedonia – Republic of Macedonia A UN member state A None Because of the Macedonia naming dispute, the country is referred to by the UN and a number of states and international organizations as "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia".

 Madagascar – Republic of Madagascar A UN member state A None

 Malawi – Republic of Malawi A UN member state A None

 Malaysia A UN member state A None Malaysia
Malaysia
is a federation of 13 states and three federal territories.

 Maldives – Republic of Maldives A UN member state A None

 Mali – Republic of Mali A UN member state A None

 Malta – Republic of Malta A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]

 Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands A UN member state A None Under Compact of Free Association
Compact of Free Association
with the United States.

 Mauritania – Islamic Republic of Mauritania A UN member state A None

 Mauritius – Republic of Mauritius A UN member state A None Mauritius
Mauritius
has an autonomous island, Rodrigues.[f]

 Mexico – United Mexican States A UN member state A None Mexico
Mexico
is a federation of 31 states and one autonomous city.

 Micronesia – Federated States of Micronesia A UN member state A None Under Compact of Free Association
Compact of Free Association
with the United States. The Federated States of Micronesia
Federated States of Micronesia
is a federation of four states.

 Moldova – Republic of Moldova A UN member state A None Moldova
Moldova
has the autonomous regions of Gagauzia
Gagauzia
and Transnistria, the latter of which has established a de facto state.

 Monaco – Principality of Monaco A UN member state A None

 Mongolia A UN member state A None

 Montenegro A UN member state A None

 Morocco – Kingdom of Morocco A UN member state A None Morocco
Morocco
claims sovereignty over Western Sahara
Western Sahara
and controls most of it, which is disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.

 Mozambique – Republic of Mozambique A UN member state A None

 Myanmar – Republic of the Union of Myanmar[w] A UN member state A None

ZZZ Nagorno-Karabakh
Nagorno-Karabakh
→ Artsakh A UN member state A None

 Namibia – Republic of Namibia A UN member state A None

 Nauru – Republic of Nauru A UN member state A None

   Nepal – Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal A UN member state A None Nepal
Nepal
is a federation composed of 14 zones.

 Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] The Kingdom of the Netherlands
Kingdom of the Netherlands
includes four areas with substantial autonomy:

 Aruba  Curaçao  Netherlands  Sint Maarten

The continental part of the Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten form the four constituent countries of the Kingdom. Three other territories (Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius) are special municipalities of the continental Netherlands. The designation "Netherlands" can refer either to the continental Netherlands
Netherlands
or to the short name for the entire Kingdom (e.g. in international organizations). The Kingdom of the Netherlands
Kingdom of the Netherlands
as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law applies only to parts within Europe.

 New Zealand A UN member state A None New Zealand
New Zealand
is a Commonwealth realm,[e] and has the dependent territories of:

 Ross Dependency  Tokelau

New Zealand
New Zealand
has responsibilities for (but no rights of control over) two freely associated states:

 Cook Islands  Niue

The Cook Islands
Cook Islands
and Niue
Niue
have diplomatic relations with 46 and 18 UN members respectively.[35][36][37] They have full treaty-making capacity in the UN,[38] and are members of some UN specialized agencies.

 Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua A UN member state A None Nicaragua
Nicaragua
contains two autonomous regions, Atlántico Sur and Atlántico Norte.[f]

 Niger – Republic of Niger A UN member state A None

 Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria A UN member state A None Nigeria
Nigeria
is a federation of 36 states and 1 federal territory.

ZZZ Niue
Niue
→ Niue A UN member state A None

ZZZNorthern Cyprus
Cyprus
→ Northern Cyprus A UN member state A None

North Korea
North Korea
→ Korea, North A UN member state A None

 Norway – Kingdom of Norway A UN member state A None

Svalbard
Svalbard
is an integral part of Norway, but has a special status due to the Svalbard
Svalbard
Treaty. Jan Mayen
Jan Mayen
is an island that is an integral part of Norway, although unincorporated.

Norway
Norway
has the dependent territories of:

Bouvet Island Peter I Island Queen Maud Land

 Oman – Sultanate of Oman A UN member state A None

 Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan A UN member state A None Pakistan
Pakistan
is a federation of four provinces, 1 capital territory, and tribal regions. Pakistan
Pakistan
disputes the entire territory of Kashmir
Kashmir
with India, and part of it with the People's Republic of China. It exercises control over certain portions of Kashmir, but has not officially annexed any of it,[39][40] instead regarding it as a disputed territory.[41][42] The portions that it controls are divided into two territories, administered separately from Pakistan
Pakistan
proper:[x]

 Azad Kashmir  Gilgit Baltistan

Azad Kashmir
Kashmir
describes itself as a "self-governing state under Pakistani control", while Gilgit-Baltistan
Gilgit-Baltistan
is described in its governance order as a group of "areas" with self-government.[43][44][45] These territories are not usually regarded as sovereign, as they do not fulfill the criteria set out by the declarative theory of statehood (for example, their current laws do not allow them to engage independently in relations with other states). Several state functions of these territories (such as foreign affairs and defence) are performed by Pakistan.[44][46][47]

 Palau – Republic of Palau A UN member state A None Under Compact of Free Association
Compact of Free Association
with the United States.

 Palestine – State of Palestine A UN observer state; member of one UN specialized agency Partially unrecognized. B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia
Serbia
Claimed by Somalia
Somalia
Claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
Claimed by the Republic of China
China
Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus
Disputed by Israel
Israel
Claimed by Morocco
Morocco
Claimed by Moldova
Moldova
Claimed by Mali
Mali
Claimed by Spain The declared State of Palestine
State of Palestine
has received diplomatic recognition from 136 states.[48] The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control on much of the territory that it proclaimed.[49] The Palestinian National Authority
Palestinian National Authority
is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the Oslo Accords
Oslo Accords
that exercises limited autonomous jurisdiction within the Palestinian territories. In foreign relations, Palestine is represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization.[50] The State of Palestine
State of Palestine
is a member state of UNESCO,[51] and an observer state in the UN.

 Panama – Republic of Panama A UN member state A None

 Papua New Guinea – Independent State of Papua New Guinea A UN member state A None Papua New Guinea
Guinea
is a Commonwealth realm[e] with 1 autonomous region, Bougainville.[f]

 Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay A UN member state A None

 Peru – Republic of Peru A UN member state A None

 Philippines – Republic of the Philippines A UN member state A None The Philippines
Philippines
contains one autonomous region, Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.[f]

 Poland – Republic of Poland A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]

 Portugal – Portuguese Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] Portugal
Portugal
contains two autonomous regions, Azores and Madeira.[f]

Pridnestrovie
Pridnestrovie
→ Transnistria A UN member state A None

 Qatar – State of Qatar A UN member state A None

Republic of Korea
Korea
→ Korea, South A UN member state A None

Republic of the Congo
Republic of the Congo
→ Congo, Republic of the A UN member state A None

 Romania A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]

 Russia – Russian Federation A UN member state A None Russia
Russia
is officially a federation of 85 federal subjects (republics, oblasts, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities, and an autonomous oblast). Several of the federal subjects are ethnic republics.[f] Russia
Russia
also forms the Union State
Union State
jointly with Belarus.

 Rwanda – Republic of Rwanda A UN member state A None

ZZZ Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
→ Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic A UN member state A None

 Saint Kitts and Nevis – Federation
Federation
of Saint Christopher and Nevis A UN member state A None Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis
is a Commonwealth realm[e] and is a federation[n] of two islands, St. Kitts
St. Kitts
and Nevis.

 Saint Lucia A UN member state A None Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
is a Commonwealth realm.[e]

 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines A UN member state A None Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
is a Commonwealth realm.[e]

 Samoa – Independent State of Samoa A UN member state A None

 San Marino – Republic of San Marino A UN member state A None

 São Tomé and Príncipe – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe A UN member state A None São Tomé and Príncipe
São Tomé and Príncipe
contains 1 autonomous province, Príncipe.[f]

 Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia A UN member state A None

 Senegal – Republic of Senegal A UN member state A None

 Serbia – Republic of Serbia A UN member state A None Serbia
Serbia
contains two autonomous regions, Vojvodina
Vojvodina
and Kosovo
Kosovo
and Metohija.[f] The latter is under the de facto control of the Republic of Kosovo.

 Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles A UN member state A None

 Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone A UN member state A None

 Singapore – Republic of Singapore A UN member state A None

 Slovakia – Slovak Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]

 Slovenia – Republic of Slovenia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]

 Solomon Islands A UN member state A None The Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
is a Commonwealth realm.[e]

 Somalia – Federal Republic of Somalia A UN member state A None Somalia
Somalia
has two self-declared autonomous regions: Puntland
Puntland
and Galmudug, while the territory of Somaliland
Somaliland
has formed an unrecognised de facto state.

ZZZ Somaliland
Somaliland
→ Somaliland A UN member state A None

 South Africa – Republic of South Africa A UN member state A None

South Korea
South Korea
→ Korea, South A UN member state A None

ZZZ South Ossetia
South Ossetia
→ South Ossetia A UN member state A None

 South Sudan – Republic of South Sudan A UN member state A None South Sudan
South Sudan
is a federation of 28 states.

The Abyei Area
Abyei Area
is a zone with "special administrative status" established by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement
Comprehensive Peace Agreement
in 2005. It is de-jure a condominium of South Sudan
South Sudan
and Sudan, but de facto administered by South Sudan.[52][53]

 Spain – Kingdom of Spain A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] Spain
Spain
is divided into 17 autonomous communities and 2 special autonomous cities.[f]

 Sri Lanka – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka[y] A UN member state A None

 Sudan – Republic of the Sudan A UN member state A None Sudan
Sudan
is a federation of 18 states. Sudan
Sudan
claims the Abyei Area, which is currently under UN protection and governed by South Sudan.[52][53]

ZZZSudan, South → South Sudan A UN member state A None

 Suriname – Republic of Suriname A UN member state A None

 Swaziland – Kingdom of Swaziland A UN member state A None

 Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]

  Switzerland – Swiss Confederation A UN member state A None Switzerland
Switzerland
is a federation of 26 cantons.

 Syria – Syrian Arab Republic A UN member state A None The Syrian National Coalition, which is recognized as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people by 20 UN members, has established an interim government to rule rebel controlled territory during the Syrian civil war. Syria
Syria
has one self-declared autonomous region: Rojava.

ZZZ Taiwan
Taiwan
(Republic of China) → Taiwan A UN member state A None

 Tajikistan – Republic of Tajikistan A UN member state A None Tajikistan
Tajikistan
contains 1 autonomous region, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.[f]

 Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania A UN member state A None Tanzania
Tanzania
contains 1 autonomous region, Zanzibar.[f]

 Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand A UN member state A None

The Bahamas
The Bahamas
→ Bahamas, The A UN member state A None

The Gambia
The Gambia
→ Gambia, The A UN member state A None

Timor-Leste → East Timor A UN member state A None

 Togo – Togolese Republic A UN member state A None

 Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga A UN member state A None

ZZZ Transnistria
Transnistria
→ Transnistria A UN member state A None

 Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago A UN member state A None Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago
contains 1 autonomous region, Tobago.[f]

 Tunisia – Tunisian Republic A UN member state A None

 Turkey – Republic of Turkey A UN member state A None

 Turkmenistan A UN member state A None

 Tuvalu A UN member state A None Tuvalu
Tuvalu
is a Commonwealth realm.[e]

 Uganda – Republic of Uganda A UN member state A None

 Ukraine A UN member state A None Ukraine
Ukraine
contains an autonomous republic, Crimea. In 2014 Russia annexed the region along with Sevastopol
Sevastopol
turning them in one of its federal subjects as Republic of Crimea
Republic of Crimea
and city of Sevastopol.

 United Arab Emirates A UN member state A None The United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
is a federation of seven emirates.

 United Kingdom – United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is a Commonwealth realm[e] consisting of four constituent countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
has the following overseas territories:

 Akrotiri and Dhekelia  Anguilla  Bermuda  British Indian Ocean Territory  British Virgin Islands  Cayman Islands  Falkland Islands  Gibraltar  Montserrat  Pitcairn Islands  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands  Turks and Caicos Islands  British Antarctic Territory

The British monarch has direct sovereignty over three self-governing Crown dependencies:

 Guernsey  Isle of Man  Jersey

 United States – United States
United States
of America A UN member state A None The United States
United States
is a federation of 50 states and 1 federal district. The United States
United States
has sovereignty over the following inhabited possessions and commonwealths:

 American Samoa  Guam  Northern Mariana Islands  Puerto Rico  U.S. Virgin Islands

It also has sovereignty over several uninhabited territories:

Baker Island Howland Island Jarvis Island Johnston Atoll Kingman Reef Midway Atoll Navassa Island Wake Island

It also has sovereignty over the following incorporated territories:

Palmyra Atoll

Three sovereign states have become associated states of the United States under the Compact of Free Association:

 Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands  Micronesia – Federated States of Micronesia  Palau – Republic of Palau

It also disputes sovereignty over the following territories:

Bajo Nuevo Bank Serranilla Bank

 Uruguay – Oriental Republic of Uruguay A UN member state A None

 Uzbekistan – Republic of Uzbekistan A UN member state A None Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
contains 1 autonomous region, Karakalpakstan.[f]

 Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu A UN member state A None

  Vatican City – Vatican City
Vatican City
State A UN observer state under the designation of "Holy See"; member of three UN specialized agencies and the IAEA A None Administered by the Holy See, a sovereign entity with diplomatic ties to 183 states – 180 UN member states, one UN observer state (Palestine), the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
and the Republic of China
China
(Taiwan).[54] The Holy See
Holy See
is a member of the IAEA, ITU, UPU, and WIPO and a permanent observer of the UN (in the category of "Non-member State")[50] and multiple other UN System organizations. The Vatican City is governed by officials appointed by the Pope, who is the Bishop of the Diocese of Rome and ex officio sovereign of Vatican City.

 Venezuela – Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela A UN member state A None Venezuela
Venezuela
is a federation of 23 states, 1 capital district, and federal dependencies.

 Vietnam – Socialist Republic of Vietnam A UN member state A None

 Yemen – Republic of Yemen A UN member state A None

 Zambia – Republic of Zambia A UN member state A None

 Zimbabwe – Republic of Zimbabwe A UN member state A None

ZZZ↑ UN member states and observer states ↑ A ZZZ ZZZ

ZZZ AB B

ZZZ↓ Other states ↓ D AAA ZZZ

 Abkhazia – Republic of Abkhazia D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea
North Korea
Claimed by Serbia
Serbia
Claimed by Somalia
Somalia
Claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
Claimed by the Republic of China
China
Claimed by South Korea
South Korea
Claimed by Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus
Disputed by Israel
Israel
Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova
Moldova
Claimed by Mali
Mali
Claimed by Spain Recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Artsakh, South Ossetia and Transnistria.[55] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.

 Artsakh – Republic of Artsakh D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea
North Korea
Claimed by Serbia
Serbia
Claimed by Somalia
Somalia
Claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
Claimed by the Republic of China
China
Claimed by South Korea
South Korea
Claimed by Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus
Disputed by Israel
Israel
Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova
Moldova
Claimed by Mali
Mali
Claimed by Spain A de facto independent state,[56][57][58] recognized only by Abkhazia,[59] South Ossetia[59] and Transnistria.[59][60] Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.[61]

 Cook Islands D Member of eight UN specialized agencies A None (See political status) A state in free association with New Zealand, the Cook Islands maintains diplomatic relations with 49 states. The Cook Islands is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[38] It shares a head of state with New Zealand
New Zealand
as well as having shared citizenship.

 Kosovo – Republic of Kosovo D Member of two UN specialized agencies B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea
North Korea
Claimed by Serbia
Serbia
Claimed by Somalia
Somalia
Claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
Claimed by the Republic of China
China
Claimed by South Korea
South Korea
Claimed by Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus
Disputed by Israel
Israel
Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova
Moldova
Claimed by Mali
Mali
Claimed by Spain Pursuant to United Nations
United Nations
Security Council Resolution 1244, Kosovo was placed under the administration of the United Nations
United Nations
Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo
Kosovo
in 1999.[62] Kosovo
Kosovo
declared independence in 2008, and it has received diplomatic recognition from 113 UN member states and the Republic of China. Serbia continues to maintain its sovereignty claim over Kosovo. Other UN member states and non UN member states continue to recognise Serbian sovereignty or have taken no position on the question. Kosovo
Kosovo
is a member of the International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund
and the World
World
Bank Group. The Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.

 Niue D Member of five UN specialized agencies A None (See political status) A state in free association with New Zealand, Niue
Niue
maintains diplomatic relations with 20 states. Niue
Niue
is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[38] It shares a head of state with New Zealand
New Zealand
as well as having shared citizenship.

 Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea
North Korea
Claimed by Serbia
Serbia
Claimed by Somalia
Somalia
Claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
Claimed by the Republic of China
China
Claimed by South Korea
South Korea
Claimed by Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus
Disputed by Israel
Israel
Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova
Moldova
Claimed by Mali
Mali
Claimed by Spain Recognised only by Turkey. Under the name "Turkish Cypriot State", it is an observer state of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
and the Economic Cooperation Organization. Northern Cyprus
Cyprus
is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[63]

 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea
North Korea
Claimed by Serbia
Serbia
Claimed by Somalia
Somalia
Claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
Claimed by the Republic of China
China
Claimed by South Korea
South Korea
Claimed by Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus
Disputed by Israel
Israel
Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova
Moldova
Claimed by Mali
Mali
Claimed by Spain Recognised at some stage by 84 UN member states, 39 of which have since withdrawn or frozen their recognition. It is a founding member of the African Union
African Union
and the Asian–African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian–African Conference. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of Western Sahara
Western Sahara
to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.

 Somaliland – Republic of Somaliland D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea
North Korea
Claimed by Serbia
Serbia
Claimed by Somalia
Somalia
Claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
Claimed by the Republic of China
China
Claimed by South Korea
South Korea
Claimed by Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus
Disputed by Israel
Israel
Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova
Moldova
Claimed by Mali
Mali
Claimed by Spain A de facto independent state,[56][64][65][66][67] not diplomatically recognised by any other state, claimed in whole by the Federal Republic of Somalia.[68]

 South Ossetia – Republic of South Ossetia D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea
North Korea
Claimed by Serbia
Serbia
Claimed by Somalia
Somalia
Claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
Claimed by the Republic of China
China
Claimed by South Korea
South Korea
Claimed by Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus
Disputed by Israel
Israel
Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova
Moldova
Claimed by Mali
Mali
Claimed by Spain A de facto independent state,[69] recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Venezuela, Abkhazia, Artsakh and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.[70]

 Taiwan – Republic of China[k] DFormer UN member (as Republic of China, 1945–1971) Observer in one UN specialized agency under the name "Chinese Taipei" B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea
North Korea
Claimed by Serbia
Serbia
Claimed by Somalia
Somalia
Claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
Claimed by the Republic of China
China
Claimed by South Korea
South Korea
Claimed by Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus
Disputed by Israel
Israel
Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova
Moldova
Claimed by Mali
Mali
Claimed by Spain A state competing (nominally) for recognition with the People's Republic of China
China
(PRC) as the government of China
China
since 1949. The Republic of China
China
(ROC) controls the island of Taiwan
Taiwan
and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and parts of the Spratly Islands,[z] and has not renounced claims over its annexed territories on the mainland.[71] The ROC is recognised by 19 UN member states and the Holy See
Holy See
as of 13 June 2017. All these states do not recognise the PRC either. Additionally, one UN member (Bhutan) has refrained from recognising either the ROC or the PRC. The territory of the ROC is claimed in whole by the PRC.[l] The ROC participates in international organizations under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly "Chinese Taipei" and in the WTO it has full membership. The ROC was a founding member of the UN and enjoyed membership from 1945 to 1971, with veto power in the UN Security Council. See China
China
and the United Nations.

 Transnistria – Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea
North Korea
Claimed by Serbia
Serbia
Claimed by Somalia
Somalia
Claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
Claimed by the Republic of China
China
Claimed by South Korea
South Korea
Claimed by Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus
Disputed by Israel
Israel
Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova
Moldova
Claimed by Mali
Mali
Claimed by Spain A de facto independent state,[56] recognised only by Abkhazia, Artsakh and South Ossetia.[55] Claimed in whole by Moldova
Moldova
as the Transnistria autonomous territorial unit.[72]

ZZZ↑ Other states ↑ D ZZZ ZZZ

ZZZZ ZZZZ ZZZZ

Legend "Membership within the UN System" column   UN Member states   UN Observer states   Member of a UN Specialized Agency   Observer in a UN Specialized Agency   No membership in the UN System

Legend " Sovereignty
Sovereignty
dispute" column   Undisputed sovereignty    Sovereignty
Sovereignty
disputed

Criteria for inclusion The dominant customary international law standard of statehood is the declarative theory of statehood, which was codified by the Montevideo Convention of 1933. The Convention defines the state as a person of international law if it "possess[es] the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population; (b) a defined territory; (c) government; and (d) a capacity to enter into relations with the other states" so long as it was not "obtained by force whether this consists in the employment of arms, in threatening diplomatic representations, or in any other effective coercive measure".[73][improper synthesis?] Debate exists on the degree to which recognition should be included as a criterion of statehood. The declarative theory of statehood argues that statehood is purely objective and recognition of a state by other states is irrelevant. On the other end of the spectrum, the constitutive theory of statehood defines a state as a person under international law only if it is recognised as sovereign by other states. For the purposes of this list, included are all states that either:

(a) consider themselves sovereign (through a declaration of independence or some other means) and are often regarded as satisfying the declarative theory of statehood, or (b) are recognised as a sovereign state by at least one UN member state

Note that in some cases, there is a divergence of opinion over the interpretation of the first point, and whether an entity satisfies it is disputed. Unique political entities which fail to meet the classification of a sovereign state are considered proto-states.[74][75] On the basis of the above criteria, this list includes the following 206 entities:[76][aa]

203 states recognised by at least one UN member state Two states that satisfy the declarative theory of statehood and are recognised only by non-UN member states: Artsakh, Transnistria One state that satisfies the declarative theory of statehood and is not recognised by any other state: Somaliland

The table includes bullets representing entities which are either not sovereign states or have a close association to another sovereign state. It also includes subnational areas where the sovereignty of the titular state is limited by an international agreement. Taken together, these include:

States in a free association relationship to another state Two entities controlled by Pakistan
Pakistan
which are neither sovereign states, dependent territories, or part of another state: Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan Dependent territories of another state, as well as areas that exhibit many characteristics of dependent territories according to the dependent territory page Subnational entities created by international agreements

See also

Geography portal Politics portal Lists portal

ISO 3166-1 Adjectivals and demonyms for countries and nations Gallery of country coats of arms Gallery of sovereign state flags List of countries and capitals in native languages List of national capitals in alphabetical order List of country-name etymologies List of dependent territories List of international rankings List of micronations List of rebel groups that control territory List of states with limited recognition List of territorial disputes Sovereign state

List of sovereign states and dependent territories by continent List of shortest-lived sovereign states List of sovereign states by date of formation

Lists of sovereign states by year

List of administrative divisions by country Template:Clickable world map Terra nullius

Notes

^ This column indicates whether or not a state is a member of the United Nations.[1] It also indicates which non-member states participate in the United Nations
United Nations
System through membership in the International Atomic Energy Agency
International Atomic Energy Agency
or one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations. All United Nations
United Nations
members belong to at least one specialized agency and are parties to the statute of the International Court of Justice. ^ This column indicates whether or not a state is the subject of a major sovereignty dispute. Only states whose entire sovereignty is disputed by another state are listed. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac The member states of the European Union
European Union
have transferred part of their sovereignty in the form of legislative, executive, and judicial powers to the institutions of the EU, which is an example of supranational union. The EU has 28 member states.[7] ^ Information is included on:

The extent to which a state's sovereignty is recognised internationally. More information can be found at List of states with limited recognition, Membership in the European Union,[c] where applicable, Any dependencies, if applicable, which are generally not part of the territory of the sovereign state, federal structure of the state, where applicable. More information can be found at Federated state, Any autonomous areas inside the territory of the sovereign state, Any situations where one person is the Head of State of more than one state, Any governments in exile recognised by at least one state.

^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Commonwealth realms are members of the Commonwealth of Nations
Commonwealth of Nations
in which the head of state is Queen Elizabeth II. The realms are sovereign states; see Relationship of the realms. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w For more information on divisions with a high degree of autonomy, see the List of autonomous areas by country.[3] ^ The Argentine Constitution (Art. 35) recognises the following denominations for Argentina: "United Provinces of the Río de la Plata", "Argentine Republic" and "Argentine Confederation"; furthermore, it establishes the usage of "Argentine Nation" for purposes of legislation. ^ Formerly referred to as Dahomey, its official name until 1975. ^ Also known as Burkina; formerly referred to as Upper Volta, its official name until 1984. ^ The legal name for Canada
Canada
is the sole word; an officially sanctioned, though disused, name is Dominion
Dominion
of Canada
Canada
(which includes its legal title); see: Name of Canada, Dominion. ^ a b The People's Republic of China
China
(PRC) is commonly referred to as "China", while the Republic of China
China
(ROC) is commonly referred to as "Taiwan". The ROC is also occasionally known diplomatically as Chinese Taipei, along with other names. ^ a b In 1949, the Republic of China
China
government led by the Kuomintang (KMT) lost the Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War
to the Communist Party of China
China
(CPC) and set up a provisional capital in Taipei. The CPC established the PRC. As such, the political status of the ROC and legal status of Taiwan
Taiwan
(alongside the territories under ROC jurisdiction) are in dispute. In 1971, the United Nations
United Nations
gave the China
China
seat to the PRC and the ROC withdrew from the UN. Most states recognise the PRC to be the sole legitimate representative of all China, and the UN classifies Taiwan
Taiwan
as "Taiwan, Province of China". The ROC has de facto relations with most sovereign states. A significant political movement within Taiwan
Taiwan
advocates Taiwan
Taiwan
independence. ^ See also Dates of establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China
China
and Foreign relations of China. ^ a b c More information on more or less federal structures can be found at a List of federations.[10] ^ Also known as Congo-Kinshasa. Formerly referred to as Zaire, its official name from 1971 to 1997. ^ Also known as Congo-Brazzaville. ^ A simpler official short name has been encouraged by the Czech government, "Czechia". By 2017, this variant remains uncommon. Nevertheless, this term has been adopted by several companies and organisations, including Google Maps, instead of the term "Czech Republic". See Name of the Czech Republic ^ The government of East Timor
East Timor
uses "Timor-Leste" as the English translation. ^ Åland was demilitarised by the Treaty of Paris in 1856, which was later affirmed by the League of Nations
League of Nations
in 1921, and in a somewhat different context reaffirmed in the treaty on Finland's admission to the European Union
European Union
in 1995. ^ Also known as Guinea-Conakry. ^ While sometimes referred to as the "Republic of Iceland"[19][20] and sometimes its counterpart Lýðveldið Ísland in Icelandic, the official name of the country is simply Iceland.[21] One example of the former is the name of the Constitution of Iceland, which in Icelandic is Stjórnarskrá lýðveldisins Íslands and literally means "the Constitution of the republic of Iceland", but note that "republic" is not capitalized. The official title of the President of Iceland (Forseti Íslands) does also not include the word republic as in some other republics. See Names for Iceland. ^ a b Both North Korea
North Korea
and South Korea
South Korea
claim to be the sole legitimate government of Korea. See also Foreign relations of North Korea
North Korea
and Foreign relations of South Korea.[32] ^ The government changed the state's official name in English from "Union of Myanmar" to "Republic of the Union of Myanmar" in October 2010.[34] ^ Sovereignty
Sovereignty
over Kashmir
Kashmir
is disputed between India
India
and Pakistan; smaller parts are disputed by the People's Republic of China
China
and the Republic of China. Kashmir
Kashmir
is divided between India, Pakistan
Pakistan
and the PRC. See the List of territorial disputes. ^ Formerly known as Ceylon until 1972. ^ The sovereignty over the Spratly Islands
Spratly Islands
is disputed by China, Taiwan, Vietnam, and in part by Brunei, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Except for Brunei, each of these countries occupies part of the islands (see List of territorial disputes). ^ The Sovereign Military Order of Malta
Malta
is not included, as despite being a sovereign entity it lacks territory and does not claim statehood. Entities considered to be micronations are not included. It is often up to debate whether a micronation truly controls its claimed territory. Also omitted from this list are all uncontacted peoples, either who live in societies that cannot be defined as states or whose statuses as such are not definitively known.

References

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United Nations
Member States". United Nations. Retrieved 28 February 2011.  ^ " Andorra
Andorra
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Barbuda
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Pakistan
Worldview, Report 21, Visit to Azerbaijan" (PDF). Senate of Pakistan
Pakistan
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Azerbaijan
Pakistan
Pakistan
does not recognise Armenia
Armenia
as a country" 13 September 2006 [14:03] – Today.Az ^ " Pakistan
Pakistan
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Armenia
– envoy". News.Az. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 17 February 2014. We are the only country not recognizing Armenia
Armenia
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Cyprus
is not at peace with Turkey". CNN. Retrieved 17 May 2014. Turkey
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stands alone in violation of the will of the international community. It is the only country to recognize the "TRNC" and is the only country that does not recognize the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus
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Rotuma
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Fiji
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Rotuma
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World
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Israel
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Japan
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Myanmar
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Germany
(November 2009). "Beziehungen zu Deutschland". Government of Germany. Retrieved 16 July 2010.  For more information, see Foreign relations of the Cook Islands. ^ China
China
Internet Information Centre (13 December 2007). "Full text of joint communique on the establishment of diplomatic relations between China
China
and Niue". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 16 July 2010.  ^ Republic of Nauru
Nauru
Permanent Mission to the United Nations. "Foreign Affairs". United Nations. Archived from the original on 4 October 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2010.  ^ a b c "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 3, 2012. Retrieved July 15, 2011.  ^ Constitution of Pakistan, Art. 1. ^ Aslam, Tasnim (11 December 2006). "' Pakistan
Pakistan
Does Not Claim Kashmir As An Integral Part...'". Outlook India. The Outlook Group.  ^ Williams, Kristen P. (2001). Despite nationalist conflicts: theory and practice of maintaining world peace. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 154–155. ISBN 978-0-275-96934-9.  ^ Pruthi, R.K. (2001). An Encyclopaedic Survey Of Global Terrorism In 21St Century. Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd. pp. 120–121. ISBN 978-81-261-1091-9.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.  ^ a b http://gbtribune.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/self-governance-order-2009.pdf ^ "AJ&K History". Retrieved 6 January 2018.  ^ Political Handbook of the World
World
2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014.  ^ http://www.ajkassembly.gok.pk/AJK_Interim_Constitution_Act_1974.pdf ^ Palestine Liberation Organization. "Road For Palestinian Statehood: Recognition and Admission". Negotiations Affairs Department. Archived from the original on August 18, 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2011.  ^ See the following on statehood criteria:

Mendes, Errol (30 March 2010). "Statehood and Palestine for the purposes of Article 12 (3) of the ICC Statute" (PDF). 30 March 2010: 28, 33. Retrieved 17 April 2011:  "...the Palestinian State also meets the traditional criteria under the Montevideo Convention..."; "...the fact that a majority of states have recognised Palestine as a State should easily fulfill the requisite state practice". McKinney, Kathryn M. (1994). "The Legal Effects of the Israeli-PLO Declaration ofPrinciples: Steps Toward Statehood for Palestine". Seattle University Law Review. Seattle University. 18 (93): 97. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2011:  "It is possible, however, to argue for Palestinian statehood based on the constitutive theory". McDonald, Avril (Spring 2009). "Operation Cast Lead: Drawing the Battle Lines of the Legal Dispute". Human Rights Brief. Washington College of Law, Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. 25. Retrieved 17 April 2011:  "Whether one applies the criteria of statehood set out in the Montevideo Convention
Montevideo Convention
or the more widely accepted constitutive theory of statehood, Palestine might be considered a state."

^ a b "Non-member States and Entities". United Nations. 29 February 2008. Archived from the original on 9 May 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2010.  ^ United Nations
United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. "Arab States: Palestine". United Nations. Retrieved 3 December 2011.  ^ a b "Statement from UNISFA on the recent spate of attacks in Abyei". UNmissions.org. 18 October 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2018.  ^ a b "Abyei Administration Area Changes Name". Gurtong.net. 29 July 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2018.  ^ "Bilateral relations of the Holy See". Holy See
Holy See
website. Retrieved 5 June 2012.  ^ a b Абхазия, Южная Осетия и Приднестровье признали независимость друг друга и призвали всех к этому же (in Russian). newsru.com. 17 November 2006. Retrieved 5 June 2011.  ^ a b c Ker-Lindsay, James (2012). The Foreign Policy of Counter Secession: Preventing the Recognition of Contested States. Oxford University Press. p. 53. Retrieved 24 September 2013. In addition to the four cases of contested statehood described above, there are three other territories that have unilaterally declared independence and are generally regarded as having met the Montevideo criteria for statehood but have not been recognized by any states: Transnistria, Nagorny Karabakh, and Somaliland.  ^ Krüger, Heiko (2010). The Nagorno-Karabakh
Nagorno-Karabakh
Conflict: A Legal Analysis. Springer. p. 55. ISBN 978-3-642-11787-9.  ^ Nikoghosyan, Hovhannes (August 2010). " Kosovo
Kosovo
ruling implications for Armenia
Armenia
and Azerbaijan". HULIQ.com. Hareyan Publishing, LLC. Retrieved 17 April 2011.  ^ a b c Вице-спикер парламента Абхазии: Выборы в НКР соответствуют всем международным стандартам: "Абхазия, Южная Осетия, НКР и Приднестровье уже давно признали независимость друг друга и очень тесно сотрудничают между собой", – сказал вице-спикер парламента Абхазии. ... "...Абхазия признала независимость Нагорно-Карабахской Республики..." – сказал он." ^ "In detail: The foreign policy of Pridnestrovie". Pridnestrovie. 26 May 2010. Archived from the original on 11 May 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2010.  ^ Regions and territories: Nagorno-Karabakh
Nagorno-Karabakh
(17 January 2006). BBC News. Retrieved 17 January 2006. ^ " United Nations
United Nations
Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo". UN. Retrieved 8 January 2015.  ^ The World
World
Factbook Cyprus
Cyprus
(10 January 2006). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 17 January 2006. ^ Kreuter, Aaron (2010). "Self-Determination, Sovereignty, and the Failure of States: Somaliland
Somaliland
and the Case for Justified Secession" (PDF). Minnesota Journal of International Law. University of Minnesota Law School. 19:2: 380–381. Retrieved 24 September 2013. Considering each of these factors, Somaliland
Somaliland
has a colorable argument that it meets the theoretical requirements of statehood. ... On these bases, Somaliland
Somaliland
appears to have a strong claim to statehood.  ^ International Crisis Group (23 May 2006). "Somaliland: Time for African Union
African Union
leadership" (PDF). The Africa Report. Groupe Jeune Afrique (110): 10–13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 19 April 2011.  ^ Mesfin, Berouk (September 2009). "The political development of Somaliland
Somaliland
and its conflict with Puntland" (PDF). ISS Paper. Institute for Security Studies (200): 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2011. Retrieved 19 April 2011.  ^ Arieff, Alexis. "De Facto Statehood? The Strange Case of Somaliland" (PDF). Yale Journal of International Affairs. International Affairs Council at Yale (Spring/Summer 2008): 1–79. Retrieved 17 April 2011.  ^ " Somaliland
Somaliland
profile". BBC News. 14 December 2017. Retrieved 27 January 2018.  ^ Jansen, Dinah (2009). "The Conflict between Self-Determination and Territorial Integrity: the South Ossetian Paradigm". Geopolitics vs. Global Governance: Reinterpreting International Security. Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, University of Dalhousie: 222–242. ISBN 978-1-896440-61-3  ^ " Russia
Russia
condemned for recognizing rebel regions". CNN.com. Cable News Network. 26 August 2008. Retrieved 26 August 2008.  ^ "Ma refers to China
China
as ROC territory in magazine interview". Taipei Times. 8 October 2008.  ^ Regions and territories: Trans-Dniester (13 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved 17 January 2006. ^ Hersch Lauterpacht (2012). Recognition in International Law. Cambridge University Press. p. 419. ISBN 9781107609433.  ^ Hahn, Gordon (2002). Russia's Revolution from Above, 1985–2000: Reform, Transition, and Revolution in the Fall of the Soviet Communist Regime. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers. p. 527. ISBN 978-0765800497.  ^ Griffiths, Ryan (2016). Age of Secession: The International and Domestic Determinants of State Birth. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 85, 213–242. ISBN 978-1107161627.  ^ The following bullets are grouped according to the availability of sources for the two criteria ((a) and/or (b)). This arrangement is not intended to reflect the relative importance of the two theories. Additional details are discussed in the state's individual entries.

Bibliography

Bissio, Roberto Remo, ed. (1995). The World: A Third World
World
Guide: 1995/96. Montevideo: Instituto del Tercer Mundo. ISBN 978-0-85598-291-1. OCLC 476299738.  "Countries or areas, codes and abbreviations". Statistics Division, United Nations. 1 April 2010.  Davis, Tim (19 February 2009). " World
World
Countries and States List". Timdavis.com.au.  "Geographic Names" (PDF). Department of Public Information, Cartographic Section, United Nations. 7 September 2000.  " ISO 3166-1 Country names and code elements". International Organization for Standardization. 2010.  "List of countries, territories and currencies". Publications Office of the European Union. 4 May 2010.  "The World
World
Factbook". United States: Central Intelligence Agency. 2010.  World
World
of Information (Firm), and International Chamber of Commerce (2003). Middle East Review 2003/04: The Economic and Business Report (27th ed.). London: Kogan Page. p. 161. ISBN 978-0-7494-4066-4. OCLC 51992589. 

v t e

Lists of sovereign states and dependent territories by continent

Continents

Africa Antarctica Asia Europe North America Oceania South America

Supercontinents

Americas Eurasia

Islands

List of island countries

v t e

Lists of sovereign states by year

AD (CE)

Current list of sovereign states

Centuries

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 19th

Years

2nd century 220 6th century 501 502 503 12th century 1143 15th century 1400 1494 1496 16th century 1500 1528 17th century 1620 1648 1660 1661 1662 18th century 1768 1769 1776 1777 1778 1799 1800

19th century 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900

20th century 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000

21st century 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

Decades

1800s 1810s 1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

Ages

Classical Late Antiquity Middle

BC (BCE)

Centuries

35th BC 21st BC 20th BC 19th BC 18th BC 17th BC 16th BC 15th BC 14th BC 13th BC 12th BC 11th BC 10th BC 9th BC 8th BC 7th BC 6th BC 5th BC 4th BC 3rd BC 2nd BC 1st BC

Ages

Copper Bronze Iron Classical

v t e

States with limited recognition

Details concerning international recognition and foreign relations provided by the articles linked in parenthesis

UN member states

Partially unrecognised

Armenia

relations

China

relations

Cyprus

relations

Israel

recognition relations

North Korea

relations

South Korea

relations

UN observer states

Partially unrecognised

Palestine

recognition relations

Non-UN member states

Recognised by at least one UN member

Abkhazia

recognition relations

Kosovo

recognition relations

Northern Cyprus

relations relations

Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic

recognition relations

South Ossetia

recognition relations

Taiwan

relations

Recognised only by non-UN members

Artsakh

recognition relations

Transnistria

recognition relations

Unrecognised

Somalila

.