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COUNTER\'S CREEK, ending in CHELSEA CREEK, the lowest part of which still exists, was a stream that flowed from Kensal Green
Kensal Green
, by North Kensington and flowed south into the River Thames
River Thames
on the Tideway at Sands End , Chelsea . Its remaining open watercourse is the quay of Chelsea Creek.

CONTENTS

* 1 Course * 2 History * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links

COURSE

A brick bridge over Counter's Creek
Counter's Creek
shown in a 1675 map by John Ogilby .

Counter's Creek
Counter's Creek
flowed from Kensal Green
Kensal Green
, by North Kensington at the confluence of two small headwaters that rose just west of Ladbroke Grove and entered the stream close to Latimer Road just south of St Quintin Avenue. The stream flowed south through Kensal Green
Kensal Green
Cemetery , Little Wormwood Scrubs
Little Wormwood Scrubs
, North Kensington , past Shepherds Bush to one side and the Olympia part of Kensington on the other and then past Earl\'s Court and Old or West Brompton
West Brompton
on the other. As a vestige, an overflow verdant ditch exists beside Platform 4 (trains to Olympia) of West Brompton
West Brompton
Underground Station . It passes Brompton Cemetery and Chelsea F.C. ground at Stamford Bridge . On the left bank where the creek meets the Thames is the former Lots Road Power Station . The tidal mouth is a watercourse, connecting to the Thames with boat moorings and is shown on modern maps as CHELSEA CREEK; this part of Chelsea and Fulham is sometimes known by the toponym " Sands End ".

HISTORY

The upper reaches have been variously known as Billingswell Ditch, Pools Creek and Counters Creek. In the Middle Ages, the creek was known as Billingwell Dyche, derived from 'Billing's spring or stream'. It formed the boundary between the parishes of Kensington and Fulham. By the eighteenth century the creek had become known as Counter's Creek, which is believed to derive from 'Counter's Bridge' which crossed the creek at the west end of Kensington High Street. This was first recorded in the fourteenth century as 'Countessesbrugge', and may be called after Matilda/Maud, Countess of Oxford , who in early centuries after the Conquest held the manor of Kensington. STAMFORD BRIDGE is considered to be a corruption of 'Samfordesbrigge' meaning 'the bridge at the sandy ford' where the Fulham Road crosses the brook. The existing Stamford Bridge was built of brick in 1860–2 and has been partly reconstructed since then. The name is more generally used to refer to the nearby Stamford Bridge Stadium, which is the home of Chelsea Football Club. In 1824–8 the lowest part of the creek was developed into the Kensington Canal
Kensington Canal
. This was taken over by the Bristol Birmingham so it was proposed to form a route for the sewer, and at the same time to complete an unfinished work by continuing the embankment and road on to Battersea. Application was made to Government for the return of £38,150, a sum which remained unexpended from the amount originally raised for the bridge and embankment, and which would have assisted in the prosecution of the new work. The application, however, was unsuccessful, and Sir William Tite , who from the first took a very active interest in the matter, appealed to the Metropolitan Board of Works to undertake the work independently of Government assistance. The Board, therefore, made several applications to Parliament for an Act, which they succeeded in obtaining in 1868. The designs for the embankment, roadway, and sewer were at once prepared by Bazalgette , the engineer to the Board, and the whole work was completed and opened to the public in 1874. ”

SEE ALSO

* Tributaries of the River Thames
River Thames
* List of rivers in England

REFERENCES

* ^ Nicholas Barton The Lost Rivers of London 1962 ISBN 0-948667-15-X * ^ Nicholas Barton\'s map from his book Lost London Rivers * ^ Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
map, courtesy of English Heritage
English Heritage
Archived 24 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ Open Street Map * ^ A B British History - A University of Portsmouth and History of Parliament Trust Access to Historic Records and Books Facility Stamford Bridge and the Billings area, Survey of London: volume 41: Brompton (1983) * ^ De Salis, HR (1969 reprint) Bradshaw's canals and navigable rivers of England and Wales: A reprint of a handbook of inland navigation for manufacturers, merchants, traders, and others, AM Kelley P436 * ^ Edward Walford (1878). "The old court suburbs: Kensington". Old and New London: Volume 5. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 25 November 2012. * ^ J. E. B. Gover, Allen Mawer and F. M. Stenton, The Place-Names of Middlesex 1942 * ^ Charles James Feret Fulham Old and New vol. ii, 1900 * ^ The Kensington Canal, railways and related developments, Survey of London : volume 42: Kensington Square to Earl's Court (1986), pp. 322-338. Date accessed: 2 September 2008. * ^ A B Edward Walford (1878). "Chelsea". Old and New London: Volume 5. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 25 November 2012.

* Tim Bradford 2004, 'The Groundwater Diaries', Flamingo, London, ISBN 0-00-713083-X * Ed Glinert 2003, 'The London Compendium', Allen Lane, London, ISBN 0-7139-9688-9