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The Council on Environmental Quality
Council on Environmental Quality
(CEQ) is a division of the Executive Office of the President
Executive Office of the President
that coordinates federal environmental efforts in the United States
United States
and works closely with agencies and other White House offices on the development of environmental and energy policies and initiatives. The first Chair of the Council on Environmental Quality
Chair of the Council on Environmental Quality
was Russell E. Train, under President Richard Nixon. The position of chair is currently vacant.

Contents

1 Origins 2 Mission 3 Bush Administration 4 Obama Administration 5 Trump Administration 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Origins[edit] The United States
United States
Congress established the CEQ within the Executive Office of the President as part of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), during the Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
administration.[1] The CEQ was assigned additional responsibilities by the Environmental Quality Improvement Act of 1970. In enacting NEPA, Congress recognized that nearly all federal activities affect the environment in some way, and mandated that federal agencies must consider the environmental effects of their actions during their planning and decision-making processes. Under NEPA, CEQ works to balance environmental, economic, and social objectives in pursuit of NEPA's goal of "productive harmony" between humans and their environment.[2] Mission[edit] The CEQ produces an annual report for the president on the state of the environment, oversees federal agency implementation of environmental impact assessments, and acts as a referee when agencies disagree over the adequacy of such assessments. NEPA tasks CEQ with ensuring that federal agencies meet their obligations under the Act, granting the body a significant role in environmental protection. Through inter-agency working groups and coordination with other EOP bodies, CEQ also works to advance the president's agenda on the environment, natural resources, and energy. Bush Administration[edit] President George W. Bush's CEQ chairman was James L. Connaughton, serving from 2001 to 2009. He was formerly a partner at the law firm Sidley Austin LLP,[3] where he lobbied to reduce government regulation on behalf of clients including the Aluminum Company of America
Aluminum Company of America
and the Chemical Manufacturers Association of America.[4] During the Bush Administration, there were concerns over links between CEQ staffers and the industries it oversaw. BBC
BBC
Environment Analyst Roger Harrabin
Roger Harrabin
described it as "a hard-line group of advisers with close links to the U.S. oil industry."[5] One CEQ chief of staff under President Bush, Philip Cooney, was previously a lobbyist employed by the American Petroleum Institute.[6] In June 2005, the New York Times published an internal CEQ memo provided by federal whistleblower Rick Piltz. The memo showed Cooney had repeatedly edited government climate reports in order to play down links between emissions and global warming. Cooney, who claimed he had been planning to resign for two years, resigned two days after the scandal broke "to spend more time with his family."[7] Immediately after resigning, Cooney went to work for ExxonMobil
ExxonMobil
in their public affairs department.[8] In 2005 Piltz created a watchdog organization Climate Science Watch, a program of the Government Accountability Project.[9] Obama Administration[edit] Under President Barack Obama, Nancy Sutley
Nancy Sutley
served as Chair of the Council on Environmental Quality
Council on Environmental Quality
from January 2009[10] until February 2014.[11][12] Following Sutley's departure, Michael Boots served as acting head of the Council until March 2015.[13] Christy Goldfuss
Christy Goldfuss
was appointed to succeed Boots, and served in the same capacity, as "managing director", until the end of Obama's term, in January 2017.[14][15] Trump Administration[edit] In October 2017, President Donald Trump
Donald Trump
nominated Kathleen Hartnett White, former chair of the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, to be chair of CEQ.[16] However, her nomination was withdrawn in February 2018 as she did not garner enough support in the Senate.[17] See also[edit]

Chair of the Council on Environmental Quality Executive Office of the President
Executive Office of the President
of the United States The Global 2000 Report to the President

References[edit]

^ United States. National Environmental Policy Act
National Environmental Policy Act
of 1969 (NEPA). 42 U.S.C. § 4342 ^ NEPA, 42 U.S.C. § 4321. ^ "Connaughton Whitehouse bio," whitehouse.gov ^ Griscom Little, Amanda "Earth Shakers: The Counter-Enviro Power List Archived 2010-09-26 at the Wayback Machine.," Outside Magazine, May 2005 ^ Harrabin, Roger "Links to oil industry," BBC, 5 October 2006 ^ Revkin, Andrew " Lobbyist
Lobbyist
for API," New York Times; June 10, 2005 ^ Revkin, Andrew "Cooney resignation," New York Times, June 8, 2005 ^ Wilson, Jamie "Cooney move to ExxonMobil," The Guardian, June 16, 2005 ^ "History". Climate Science & Policy Watch. climatesciencewatch.org. Retrieved February 4, 2018. ^ Mooney, Chris (June 6, 2017). "85 percent of the top science jobs in Trump's government don't even have a nominee". Washington Post. washingtonpost.com. Retrieved February 4, 2018. "The Obama administration also had a chair of its Council on Environmental Quality, Nancy Sutley, in place in January 2009." ^ Banerjee, Neela (February 14, 2014). "Obama's environmental advisor set to return to Los Angeles". Los Angeles Times. latimes.com. Retrieved February 4, 2018. Refers to "her five years as head of the White House’s Council on Environmental Quality". ^ " Nancy Sutley
Nancy Sutley
Receives Women in Sustainability Leadership Award from Green Building & Design Magazine". Los Angeles Department of Water & Power. October 5, 2016 (press release; 2016 archive). Retrieved February 4, 2018. "She is the immediate past Chair of the White House Council on Environmental Quality
Council on Environmental Quality
where she served from 2009 to 2014". ^ Eilperin, Juliet (January 13, 2015). "Mike Boots, one of Obama’s top environmental advisers, to leave in March". Washington Post. washingtonpost.com. Retrieved February 4, 2018. States that Boots "served as the Council on Environmental Quality's acting head since February 2014". ^ Eilperin, Juliet (February 6, 2015). "Meet Christy Goldfuss, the newest environmental player in the White House". Washington Post. washingtonpost.com. Retrieved February 4, 2018. "Goldfuss ... will succeed Mike Boots as acting head of CEQ.... Boots is stepping down in March, and Republican opposition to the president’s environmental policies would make Senate confirmation of any CEQ chair nominee unlikely." ^ "CAP Announces Former CEQ Managing Director Christy Goldfuss
Christy Goldfuss
to Serve as New Vice President for Energy and Environment Policy" (press release). Center for American Progress. americanprogress.org. February 13, 2017. Retrieved February 4, 2018. ^ Dennis, Brady; Mooney, Chris (October 13, 2017). "Trump taps climate skeptic for top White House environmental post". Washington Post. Retrieved October 13, 2017.  ^ Bowman, Emma (February 4, 2018). "White House To Withdraw Controversial Nominee For Top Environmental Post". NPR. Retrieved February 4, 2018. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Council on Environmental Quality.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: State of the Environment 1970

Council on Environmental Quality Proposed and finalized federal regulations from the Council on Environmental Quality

v t e

Executive Office of the United States
United States
President

Executive Office of the President

Advisory Boards (Council for Community Solutions, Global Development Council, Initiative on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, President's Intelligence Advisory Board, President's Management Advisory Board) Council of Economic Advisers Council on Environmental Quality Digital Service Executive Residence
Executive Residence
(Committee for the Preservation of the White House, Office of the Curator, Office of the Chief Usher, Office of the Chief Floral Designer, Office of the Executive Chef, Graphics and Calligraphy Office) National Security Council (Deputies Committee, Homeland Security Council) Office of Administration
Office of Administration
(Office of Mail and Messenger Operations, Office of the Chief Financial Officer, Office of the Chief Administrative Officer) Office of Management and Budget
Office of Management and Budget
(Office of the Chief Performance Officer, Office of E-Government and Information Technology, Office of Federal Financial Management, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs) Office of National Drug Control Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy
Office of Science and Technology Policy
(Office of the Chief Technology Officer) Office of the Trade Representative Office of the Vice President (Office of the Chief of Staff) Military Office (Communications Agency, Medical Unit, Presidential Food Service, Transportation Agency)

White House Office

Office of Cabinet Affairs Office of the Chief of Staff (Office of Senior Advisors) Office of Communications (Office of Media Affairs, Office of Research, Office of the Press Secretary, Office of Speechwriting) Office of the Counselor Office of Digital Strategy Domestic Policy Council (Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships, Office of National AIDS Policy, Office of Social Innovation and Civic Participation, Rural Council) Office of the First Lady (Office of the Social Secretary) Office of the National Security Advisor (Homeland Security Advisor) Office of Legislative Affairs Office of Management and Administration ( White House Operations, White House Personnel, Visitors Office) National Economic Council National Trade Council Oval Office Operations (Personal Secretary) Office of Political Affairs Presidential Innovation Fellows Office of Presidential Personnel Office of Public Engagement and Intergovernmental Affairs (Council on Women and Girls, Jewish Liaison, Office of Urban Affairs) Office of Scheduling and Advance Office of the Staff Secretary (Office of the Executive Clerk, Office of Presidential Correspondence, Office of Records Management) Office of the White House Counsel White House Fellows

v t e

United States
United States
environmental law

Supreme Court decisions

Missouri v. Holland
Missouri v. Holland
(1920) Sierra Club v. Morton
Sierra Club v. Morton
(1972) United States
United States
v. SCRAP (1973) Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hill
Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hill
(1978) Vermont Yankee v. NRDC (1978) Hughes v. Oklahoma
Hughes v. Oklahoma
(1979) Lujan v. Defenders of Wildlife
Lujan v. Defenders of Wildlife
(1992) United States
United States
v. Bestfoods (1998) Friends of the Earth v. Laidlaw Environmental Services (2000) SWANCC v. Army Corps of Engineers (2001) Department of Transportation v. Public Citizen
Department of Transportation v. Public Citizen
(2004) Rapanos v. United States
United States
(2006) Massachusetts v. EPA (2007) National Ass'n of Home Builders v. Defenders of Wildlife
National Ass'n of Home Builders v. Defenders of Wildlife
(2007) Coeur Alaska, Inc. v. Southeast Alaska Conservation Council
Coeur Alaska, Inc. v. Southeast Alaska Conservation Council
(2009)

Major federal legislation and treaties

Rivers and Harbors Act (1899) Lacey Act (1900) Weeks Act (1911) North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911
North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911
(1911) Migratory Bird Treaty Act (1918) Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act (1934) Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (1954) Clean Air Act (1963, 1970) National Environmental Policy Act
National Environmental Policy Act
(1970) Clean Water Act
Clean Water Act
(1972) Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
(1972) Noise Control Act (1972) Endangered Species Act
Endangered Species Act
(1973) Safe Drinking Water Act
Safe Drinking Water Act
(1974) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
(1976) Toxic Substances Control Act (1976) Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (1977) CERCLA (Superfund) (1980) Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act
Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act
(1986) Emergency Wetlands Resources Act
Emergency Wetlands Resources Act
(1986) Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act
Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act
(2016)

Federal agencies

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Council on Environmental Quality Office of Surface Mining United States
United States
Environmental Protection Agency United States
United States
Fish and Wildlife Service

Regulations and concepts

Best available technology Citizen suit Discharge Monitoring Report Effluent guidelines Environmental crime Environmental impact statement Environmental justice National Ambient Air Quality Standards National Priorities List New Source Performance Standard Not-To-Exceed
Not-To-Exceed
(NTE) Right to know Total maximum daily load Toxici

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