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The RAT FüR DEUTSCHE RECHTSCHREIBUNG (German pronunciation: , "Council for German Orthography"), or RDR, is the main international body regulating German orthography
German orthography
.

With its seat being in Mannheim
Mannheim
, Germany
Germany
, the RdR was formed in 2004 as a successor to the Zwischenstaatliche Kommission für deutsche Rechtschreibung ("Intergovernmental Commission for German Orthography") in order to comprise proponents as well as opponents to the German orthography
German orthography
reform of 1996 (and subsequent reforms).

Currently the RdR is composed of 39 members from those states and regions that comprise the German Sprachraum :

* Germany
Germany
: 18 councillors * Austria
Austria
: 9 councillors * Switzerland
Switzerland
: 9 councillors * South Tyrol ( Italy
Italy
): 1 councillor * German-speaking Community of Belgium : 1 councillor * Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
: 1 councillor * Luxembourg
Luxembourg
: 1 observer (no voting right)

Despite having German as one of its official languages, Luxembourg
Luxembourg
, which was not involved in devising the reform of 1996, is not a full member of the council. The government of Luxembourg
Luxembourg
unilaterally adopted the reform, and its efficiency makes it well-accepted by the country's teachers.

According to the duchy's largest newspaper, the Luxemburger Wort
Luxemburger Wort
, Luxembourg
Luxembourg
does not perceive itself as a "German-speaking country" (the only national language is Luxembourgish ) and thus had no right to take part in the council. However, Luxembourg
Luxembourg
participates in La Francophonie and has members in the Académie française , despite French being only an official language, just like German.

The chairman of the Gesellschaft für deutsche Sprache (GfdS) is a member of the council. In 2003, the RdR, the GfdS, the Goethe-Institut and the Institute of the German Language, founded the German Language Council (Deutscher Sprachrat), which was later also joined by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD).

SEE ALSO

* Germany
Germany
portal * Language portal

* German orthography
German orthography

REFERENCES

* ^ Official statute of the Council for German Orthography * ^ Member list, Council for German Orthography * ^ Luxemburger Wort, 9