(Russian: День Космона́втики, Den
Kosmonavtiki) is an anniversary celebrated in
and some other
former USSR countries on 12 April. In
"International Day of Aviation and Cosmonautics" (Polish:
Międzynarodowy Dzień Lotnictwa i Kosmonautyki) is celebrated on the
same day. In 2011,
was declared as the International Day
of Human Space Flight in dedication of the first manned space flight
1961 by the 27-year-old Russian Soviet cosmonaut Yuri
Gagarin. Gagarin circled the Earth for 1 hour and 48 minutes aboard
3 See also
The commemorative day was established in the
Soviet Union one year
later, on 9 April 1962. In modern Russia, it is celebrated in
accordance with Article 1.1 of the Law "On the Days of Military Glory
and the Commemorative Dates in Russia".
Gagarin's flight was a triumph for the Soviet space program, and
opened a new era in the history of space exploration. Gagarin became a
national hero of the
Soviet Union and
Eastern Bloc and a famous figure
around the world. Major newspapers around the globe published his
biography and details of his flight.
Moscow and other cities in the
USSR held mass demonstrations, the scale of which was second only to
World War II Victory Parades. Gagarin was escorted in a long motorcade
of high-ranking officials through the streets of
Moscow to the Kremlin
where, in a lavish ceremony, he was awarded the highest Soviet honour,
the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, by the Soviet leader Nikita
Nowadays the commemoration ceremony on
Cosmonautics Day starts in the
city of Korolyov, near Gagarin's statue. Participants then proceed
under police escort to
Red Square for a visit to Gagarin's grave in
Kremlin Wall Necropolis, and continue to Cosmonauts Alley, near
the Monument to the Conquerors of Space. Finally, the festivities are
concluded with a visit to the Novodevichy Cemetery.
In 1968, the 61st conference of the Fédération Aéronautique
Internationale resolved to celebrate this day as the World Aviation
and Astronautics Day.
12 April 1981, exactly 20 years after Vostok 1, a Space Shuttle
(STS-1, Columbia) was launched for the first orbital flight, although
this was a coincidence as the launch of
STS-1 had been delayed for two
On 7 April 2011
United Nations General Assembly
United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution
12 April as the International Day of Human Space Flight.
In the 1960s the song 14 минут до старта ("14 minutes
until the launch") written by
Oscar Feltsman and Vladimir Voynovich
was considered the unofficial "anthem of cosmonautics" and regularly
aired on this day in the USSR. In the 1980s it was eclipsed by the hit
Trava u doma ("Grass at home") performed by the Russian VIA band
Zemlyane ("The Earthlings"). The latter song was awarded the official
status of the anthem of Russian Cosmonautics in 2010. Russian
cosmonauts have traditionally taken this song with them getting
assigned for orbital deployments.
Since 2001, Yuri's Night, also known as the "World’s Space
party", is held every
12 April worldwide to commemorate milestones
in space exploration.
On April 12, 2017, the United Nations commemorated the "International
Day of Human Space Flight" to celebrate the 56th anniversary of the
first human space flight, which ushered in the beginning of the space
era for mankind.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cosmonautics Day.
Sergei Krikalyov on his way to lay a flower at the
base of Yuri Gagarin's statue in Korolyov on
Cosmonautics Day 2002
Moscow to the 50th Anniversary of spaceflight in 2011
^ a b Государственная
закон №32-ФЗ от 13 марта 1995 г. «О
днях воинской славы и памятных датах
России», в ред. Федерального закона
№59-ФЗ от 10 апреля 2009 г «О
внесении изменения в статью 1.1
федерального закона "О днях воинской
славы и памятных датах России"».
Вступил в силу со дня официального
"Российская Газета", №52, 15 марта 1995 г.
(State Duma. Federal Law #32-FZ of 13 March 1995
On the Days of Military Glory and the Commemorative Dates in Russia,
as amended by the Federal Law #59-FZ of 10 April 2009 On
Amending Article 1.1 of the Federal Law "On the Days of Military
Glory and the Commemorative Dates in Russia". Effective as of the
day of the official publication.).
^ a b
Russia marks Cosmonautics Day. Russian Radio,
12 April 2014
^ a b International Day of Human Space Flight,
Cosmonautics Day in
12 April 2014
^ "Międzynarodowy Dzień Lotnictwa i Kosmonautyki". Elbląska Gazeta
12 April 2008. Retrieved
12 April 2016.
^ a b "UN Resolution A/RES/65/271, The International Day of Human
Space Flight (12 April)". 7 April 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
^ "Aviation and Space World Records". Fédération Aéronautique
Internationale (FAI). Archived from the original on 26 July 2009.
Retrieved 12 March 2009.
^ Антон Первушин (2011). "Гражданин мира".
108 минут, изменившие мир. Эксмо.
ISBN 978-5-699-48001-2. (Anton Pervushin. 108 minutes which
changed the world; in Russian)
STS-1 Overview". NASA. Retrieved 22 August 2010.
^ "Песня нашего земляка стала гимном
российской космонавтики". 31 March 2010.
Retrieved 27 December 2013.
^ "Darwin's Day to Yuri's Night: some science dates to remember". The
Guardian. 20 September 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
^ Teague, Jason Cranford (14 February 2011). "Celebrate 50 Years of
Human Space Flight on Yuri's Night". Wired. Retrieved 4 April
^ Jatinder, Kaur. "UN Organizes International Day of Human Space
Flight" (Online). ABC Live. ABC News & Info Services. Retrieved 13