* 1 Political support
* 2 History
* 3 Themes of
* 4 Notable people and parties * 5 Bibliography * 6 References * 7 External links
The main separatist party (
In 2015, Gilles Simeoni's pro-autonomy coalition Pè a
In 1923 the party Partitu Corsu d'Azione was created by Petru Rocca ,
Italian irredentist who initially promoted the union of
CORSICA IN THE 1960S
The end of the 1950s saw the high point of Corsica's population and
economy. Since the end of the 19th Century,
Corsican society was then further affected by two events:
* The first was the collapse of the French colonial empire. The Colonial Army and colonial enterprises were the principal form of employment for Corsicans. In 1920, Corsicans made up 20% of colonial administration, despite only making up 1% of Metropolitan France's population. The end of colonialism deprived young Corsicans of the opportunities of their elders and forced many to return to the island. This situation resulted in the emergence of a regionalist movement with the objective of increasing the number of opportunities for the islanders. During the uprisings in Algeria in 1958 and 1961, Corsica was the only French départment that joined the insurgent colonists. * The second shock was the arrival of people returning from the former African colonies, to whom the state controversially granted land in the eastern plain. At the beginning of the 1960s, before the arrival of returnees from Algeria, they represented around 10% of the island's population.
THE FIRST REGIONALIST MOVEMENTS
Many Corsicans began to become aware of the demographic decline and
economic collapse of the island. The first movement appeared as the
Corsican Regional Front, in which a majority split gave Corsican
Regionalist Action, and demanded that the French state take into
account the island's economic difficulties and distinct cultural
characteristics, notably linguistic, greatly endangered by the
demographic decline and economic difficulty. These movements have
caused a major revival of the
But these movements felt that their demands were being ignored and
saw the state's treatment of the returnees as a sign of contempt. They
argued against the idea that
THE ALéRIA INCIDENT AND THE BIRTH OF THE FLNC
In a situation that many considered dire, the group Corsican Regionalist Action (ARC) decided to choose more radical methods of action.
On 21 August 1975, twenty members of the ARC, led by the group's leader Edmond Simeoni, occupied the Depeille cave, in the eastern plains near Aléria . Equipped with rifles and machine guns, they wanted to bring to public attention the economic situation of the island, particularly that regarding agriculture. They denounced the takeover of lands in the east of the island by "pieds-noirs " and their families. The French Interior Minister at the time, Michel Poniatowski , sent 2,000 CRS and gendarmes backed with light armoured vehicles, and ordered an attack on the 22nd at 4pm. Two gendarmes were killed during the confrontation. A week later the cabinet ordered the dissolution of the ARC. The tension rose rapidly in Bastia and scuffles broke out in the late afternoon, which turned to riots by nightfall that included armed confrontation. One member of the ARC was killed and many were wounded.
This event marked the start of the radicalisation of nationalist movements and the beginning of calls for independence, and forced successive governments to take the "Corsican question" into account.
On 4 May 1976, some months after the events in Aléria, nationalist
militants founded the National Liberation Front of
THEMES OF CORSICAN NATIONALISM
Road signs in
* Political sovereignty of Corsica: independence from France.
CORSICAN NATIONALISM AND INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT
The Corsican coast is less developed than France's Mediterranean coast, due in part to bombings attributed to the nationalist movement against a number of second homes belonging to non-natives.
U Rinnovu , a Corsican nationalist movement commonly referred to as being close to the FLNC of 22nd October , describes the construction of second homes for the benefit of non-residents as "heresy" and "against economic sense". The slogan "Vergogna à tè chì vendi a terra" ("Shame on you who sell the land") is also the title of a song and nationalist anthem.
At the Matignon process under the Jospin government, Article 12 of the Matignon Accords provided for an adjustment of the coastal law making it easier to issue building permits on the Corsican coast. On the day of the discussion of this article in the Corsican Assembly , activists from the organisation A Manca Naziunale surrounded the villa of André Tarallo of the Frenc