In November 1755,
Pasquale Paoli proclaimed
* 1 Foundation * 2 French invasion * 3 Aftermath * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links
After a series of successful actions, Paoli drove the Genoese from the whole island except for a few coastal towns. He then set to work re-organizing the government, introducing many reforms. He founded a university at Corte and created a short-lived "Order of Saint-Devote" in 1757 in honour of the patron saint of the island, Saint Devota .
A national parliament, or Diet , was composed of delegates elected from each district for three-year terms. Suffrage was extended to all men over the age of 25. Traditionally, women had always voted in village elections for podestà i.e. village elders , and other local officials, and it has been claimed that they also voted in national elections under the Republic.
The Republic minted its own coins at Murato in 1761, imprinted with the Moor\'s Head , the traditional symbol of Corsica.
Paoli's ideas of independence, democracy and liberty gained support
from such philosophers as
Main article: French conquest of
The French invaded
A statue of Pasquale Paoli in L\'Île-Rousse
The fall of
Conversely, at the beginning of the same war, the New York militia
later named Hearts of Oak - whose membership included Alexander
Hamilton and other students at New York's King's College (now Columbia
University) - originally called themselves "The Corsicans ", evidently
The aspiration for Corsican independence, along with many of the democratic principles of the Corsican Republic, were revived by Paoli in the Anglo-Corsican Kingdom of 1794-1796. On that occasion, British naval and land forces were deployed in defence of the island; however, their efforts failed and the French regained control.
* ^ Lucien Felli, "La renaissance du Paolisme". M. Bartoli,
Pasquale Paoli, père de la patrie corse, Albatros, 1974, p. 29. "Il
est un point où le caractère précurseur des institutions paolines
est particulièrement accusé, c'est celui du suffrage en ce qu'il
était entendu de manière très large. Il prévoyait en effet le vote
des femmes qui, à l'époque, ne votaient pas en France."
* ^ Gregory, Desmond (1985). The ungovernable rock: a history of
Anglo-Corsican Kingdom and its role in Britain's Mediterranean
strategy during the Revolutionary War, 1793-1797. London: Fairleigh