Town is a town in Belize, capital of Corozal District. Corozal
Town is located about 84 miles north of
Belize City, and 9 miles from
the border with Mexico. The population of Corozal Town, according to
the main results of the 2010 census, is 9,871. Corozal was a private
estate before becoming a town in the 1840s, mostly settled by Maya
Mestizo refugees from the Caste War of Yucatán. Much of the town was
built over an ancient Maya city, sometimes known as Santa Rita; this
may have been the original
Pre-Columbian town called Chetumal. Corozal
Town was badly damaged by
Hurricane Janet in 1955, and was
substantially rebuilt afterwards.
3 Population and Housing
4 Image gallery
6 External links
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Corozal, the northmost town in Belize, was founded in 1848 by refugees
from the Maya Indian uprising against the Spanish in neighbouring
Yucatán. This uprising, known as the
Caste War of Yucatán
Caste War of Yucatán (from the
Spanish "castas" or race), began as a war against the Spaniards, but
it eventually became a war against the Mestizos. The Mestizos, half
Spanish and half Indian, had proved to be formidable allies of the
Spaniards, and were thus mortal enemies of the Maya Indians.
A massacre at Bacalar,
Mexico — a
Mestizo stronghold about thirty
miles north of Corozal
Town — finally led to the exodus of thousands
of Mestizos from
Bacalar and the surrounding area. Between 1848 and
1856 more than 10,000 refugees crossed the Rio Hondo, the river that
now serves as a boundary between
Belize and Mexico. These immigrants
sought refuge in northern Belize, and increased the population of
Town to 4500. Mr. James Blake, a magistrate, let them settle
on lands in the
Corozal District and helped them to establish the new
crop — sugar cane.
Mestizo refugees were far from safe in Corozal
Town as the Maya
Indians from the Mexican base in Santa Cruz Bravo — today Carrillo
Puerto — made several incursions in Corozal Town. In defense,
Corozal became a garrison town and Fort Barlee was built here in 1870.
Today, the brick corner supports of the fort surround the post office
complex of the buildings across from the central town square.
The immigrants brought with them Maya
Mestizo culture: Spanish and
Yucatec Maya language, Catholicism and Maya folklore, the use of
alcalde, their family structure and way of life. Soon, there emerged a
local replication of the society of the Yucatán within the boundaries
of a country ruled by English expatriates.
Across the bay from Corozal
Town are the mounds of Cerros, the first
Maya coastal trading centre.
Cerros is considered one of the most
important late preclassic Maya sites because it represented the first
experiment with kingship in the Maya world. The remains include a
number of temples, plazas, ballcourts, canals, and minor structures.
The most interesting artifacts so far discovered are the five jade
Within Corozal itself can be found another Maya ruin from the
fourteenth century AD. Known as Santa Rita, the pyramid site sits atop
the remains of a Maya city that dominated the area for more, than 2000
years. Burial sites rich in jewelry and artifacts have recently been
unearthed here. Santa Rita was probably part of ancient Chactumal, the
Maya capital of the area at the time of the first Spanish attempt to
conquer the Yucatec Mayas in the early 16th century. The ruins of
Santa Rita is located near the town's Hospital and is surrounded by
the villages of San Andres, San Antonio, and Paraiso, by walking
distances. An estimated 90% of the town was destroyed by Hurricane
Janet in 1955, and most of the present structures post-date that
The town is served by Corozal Hospital.
Climate data for Corozal
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Source: National Meteorological Service of Belize
Population and Housing
According to the 2010 Population and Housing Census the town of
Corozal has a total population of 9,871; 4,740 male and 5,131 female.
The total number of households is 2,672 and the average household size
Town street on a gloomy day
Corozal limestone beach
Another view of Corozal limestone beach
Belize Population and Housing Census 2010" (PDF). Statistical
Institute of Belize. 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27
January 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
^ "Mid-Year Population Estimates by Area and Sex 2008 - 2015".
Statistical Institute of Belize. Retrieved 14 May
2016. [permanent dead link]
^ "Climatology Information for a few stations across Belize". National
Meteorological Service of Belize. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Corozal Town.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Corozal Town.
Belize – Corozal
Town at Belize.com http://www.simplybelize.org/episode01.html
Districts of Belize