Corn Belt is a region of the
Midwestern United States
Midwestern United States that, since
the 1850s, has dominated corn production in the United States. More
generally, the concept of the "Corn Belt" connotes the area of the
Midwest dominated by farming. Many towns in this area are connected to
powerful farm organizations with lobbying power.
3 EPA Ecoregion
4 Panoramic view
5 See also
7 Further reading
8 External links
There is lack of consensus regarding the constituents of the Corn Belt
although it often includes: Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, southern
Michigan, western Ohio, eastern Nebraska, eastern Kansas, southern
Minnesota and parts of Missouri. It also sometimes includes: South
Dakota, North Dakota, all of Ohio, Wisconsin, all of Michigan, and
The region is characterized by level land, deep fertile soils and a
high organic soil concentration.
As of 2008, the top four corn-producing states were Iowa, Illinois,
Minnesota accounting for more than half of the corn
growth in the United States.
On account of new agricultural technology developments between 1860
and 1970, the
Corn Belt went from producing mixed crops and livestock
into becoming an area focused strictly on wheat-cash planting. After
1970, increased crop and meat production required an export outlet,
but global recession and a strong dollar reduced exports and created
serious problems even for the best farm managers.
In 1956, former Vice President Henry A. Wallace, a pioneer of hybrid
seed declared that the
Corn Belt has developed the "most productive
agricultural civilization the world has ever seen".
Most corn grown today is fed to livestock, especially hogs and
poultry. In recent decades soybeans have grown in importance. The U.S.
produces 40% of the world crop.
By 1950, 99% of corn has been grown from hybrids.
In 1997, the USEPA published its report on United States' ecoregions,
in part based on "land use." Its "Level III" region classification
contains three contiguous "Corn Belt" regions, Western (47), Central
(54), and Eastern (55), stretching from
Indiana to eastern
Corn fields near Royal, Illinois
Agriculture and Agronomy portal
Canadian Prairies, Canada's 'Breadbasket'
Central Black Earth Region, segment of the Eurasian chernozem belt
that lies within Central Russia
Palliser's Triangle, Canada's semi-arid grain production region
^ John Mark Hansen, Gaining access: Congress and the farm lobby,
1919-1981 (1991) p, 138
^ Thomas F. McIlwraith and Edward K. Muller, North America: the
historical geography of a changing continent (2001) p, 186
^ a b Hart (1986)
^ U.S. Department of Agriculture
^ Corn Belt, Encyclopædia Britannica Online
^ USDA State Fact sheets
^ Edward L. Schapsmeier and Frederick H. Schapsmeier, Prophet in
Henry A. Wallace
Henry A. Wallace and the War Years, 1940-1965 (1970) p, 234
^ Smith, C. Wayne., Javier Betrán, and E. C. A. Runge. Corn: Origin,
History, Technology, and Production. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley, 2004.
page 4. Print
^ "Ecological Regions of North America: Toward a Common Perspective"
(PDF). Commission for Environmental Cooperation. 1997. Retrieved
^ "Ecoregion Maps and GIS Resources". United States Environmental
Protection Agency. Retrieved 2008-04-10.
Anderson, J. L. Industrializing the Corn Belt: Agriculture,
Technology, and Environment, 1945-1972 (2009) 238
pp. ISBN 978-0-87580-392-0
Bogue, Allan. From Prairie to Corn Belt: Farming on the
Iowa Prairies in the Nineteenth Century (1963) excerpt and text search
Cayton, Andrew, et al. eds. The American Midwest: An Interpretive
Encyclopedia (2006) excerpt and text search
Hart, John Fraser. "Change in the Corn Belt," Geographical Review, Jan
1986, Vol. 76#1 pp 51–72
Hudson, John C. Making the Corn Belt: A Geographical History of
Middle-Western Agriculture (1994)
Power, Richard Lyle. Planting
Corn Belt Culture: The Impress of the
Upland Southerner and Yankee in the old Northwest (1953)
Snapp, Roscoe R. Beef Cattle Their Feeding and Management in the Corn
Belt States (1950)
Smith, C. Wayne, et al. Corn: Origin, History, Technology, and
Production (2004) online edition
Wallace, Henry Agard. Henry A. Wallace's Irrigation Frontier: On the
Trail of the
Corn Belt Farmer 1909 15 articles written by Wallace in
1909; 1991 edition edited by Richard Lowitt, and Judith Fabry
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"Belt" regions of the United States
Coordinates: 41°N 90°W / 41°N