The CORN BELT is a region of the
Midwestern United States
Midwestern United States where corn
has, since the 1850s, been the predominant crop. More generally, the
concept of the "Corn Belt" connotes the area of the Midwest dominated
by farming. Many towns in this area are connected to powerful farm
organizations with lobbying power.
* 1 Geography
* 2 History
* 3 EPA Ecoregion
* 4 Panoramic views
* 5 See also
* 6 References
* 7 Further reading
* 8 External links
There is lack of consensus regarding the constituents of the Corn
Belt although it often includes:
Indiana , southern
Michigan , western
Ohio , eastern
Nebraska , eastern
Kansas , southern
Minnesota and parts of
Missouri . It also sometimes includes: South
North Dakota , all of
Wisconsin , all of
The region is characterized by level land, deep fertile soils and a
high organic soil concentration.
As of 2008, the top four corn-producing states were Iowa, Illinois,
Minnesota accounting for more than half of the corn
growth in the United States.
On account of new agricultural technology developments between 1860
and 1970, the
Corn Belt went from producing mixed crops and livestock
into becoming an area focused strictly on wheat-cash planting. After
1970, increased crop and meat production required an export outlet,
but global recession and a strong dollar reduced exports and created
serious problems even for the best farm managers.
In 1956, former Vice President
Henry A. Wallace
Henry A. Wallace , a pioneer of hybrid
seed declared that the
Corn Belt has developed the "most productive
agricultural civilization the world has ever seen".
Most corn grown today is fed to livestock, especially hogs and
poultry. In recent decades soybeans have grown in importance. The U.S.
produces 40% of the world crop.
By 1950, 99% of corn has been grown from hybrids.
In 1997, the USEPA published its report on United States\' ecoregions
, in part based on "land use." Its "Level III" region classification
contains three contiguous "Corn Belt" regions, Western (47), Central
(54), and Eastern (55), stretching from
Indiana to eastern Nebraska.
Corn fields near Royal,
* Agriculture and Agronomy portal
* Geography portal
Canadian Prairies , Canada's 'Breadbasket'
Central Black Earth Region , segment of the Eurasian chernozem
belt that lies within Central Russia
* Palliser\'s Triangle , Canada's semi-arid grain production region
* ^ John Mark Hansen, Gaining access: Congress and the farm lobby,
1919-1981 (1991) p, 138
* ^ Thomas F. McIlwraith and Edward K. Muller, North America: the
historical geography of a changing continent (2001) p, 186
* ^ A B Hart (1986)
* ^ U.S. Department of Agriculture
* ^ Corn Belt, Encyclopædia Britannica Online
* ^ USDA State Fact sheets
* ^ Edward L. Schapsmeier and Frederick H. Schapsmeier, Prophet in
Henry A. Wallace
Henry A. Wallace and the War Years, 1940-1965 (1970) p, 234
* ^ Smith, C. Wayne., Javier Betrán, and E. C. A. Runge. Corn:
Origin, History, Technology, and Production. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley,
2004. page 4. Print
* ^ "Ecological Regions of North America: Toward a Common
Commission for Environmental Cooperation . 1997.
* ^ "Ecoregion Maps and GIS Resources". United States Environmental
Protection Agency . Retrieved 2008-04-10.
* Anderson, J. L. Industrializing the Corn Belt: Agriculture,
Technology, and Environment, 1945-1972 (2009) 238 pp. ISBN
* Bogue, Allan. From Prairie to Corn Belt: Farming on the Illinois
Iowa Prairies in the Nineteenth Century (1963) excerpt and text
* Cayton, Andrew, et al. eds. The American Midwest: An Interpretive
Encyclopedia (2006) excerpt and text search
* Hart, John Fraser. "Change in the Corn Belt," Geographical Review,
Jan 1986, Vol. 76#1 pp 51–72
* Hudson, John C. Making the Corn Belt: A Geographical History of
Middle-Western Agriculture (1994)
* Power, Richard Lyle. Planting
Corn Belt Culture: The Impress of
the Upland Southerner and Yankee in the old Northwest (1953)
* Snapp, Roscoe R. Beef Cattle Their Feeding and Management in the
Corn Belt States (1950)
* Smith, C. Wayne, et al. Corn: Origin, History, Technology, and
Production (2004) online edition
* Wallace, Henry Agard. Henry A. Wallace's Irrigation Frontier: On
the Trail of the
Corn Belt Farmer 1909 15 articles written by Wallace
in 1909; 1991 edition edited by Richard Lowitt, and Judith