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CORDILLERA ADMINISTRATIVE REGION (Ilocano : _Rehion/Deppaar Administratibo ti Cordillera_; Filipino : _Rehiyong Pampangasiwaan ng Cordillera_), designated as CAR, is an administrative region in the Philippines
Philippines
situated within the island of Luzon
Luzon
. The only landlocked region in the country, it is bordered by the Ilocos Region in the west and southwest, and by the Cagayan Valley on the north, east, and southeast. Prior to the 2015 census , it is the least populated and least densely-populated Region in the country.

The region comprises six provinces : Abra , Apayao
Apayao
, Benguet
Benguet
, Ifugao , Kalinga and Mountain Province . The regional center is the highly urbanized city of Baguio .

The region, officially created on July 15, 1987, covers most of the Cordillera Central mountains of Luzon, and is home to numerous ethnic people collectively known as the Igorot
Igorot
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Creation of the region

* 1.2 Modern history

* 1.2.1 Recent events

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Administrative divisions

* 3 Demographics

* 3.1 Ethnic groups

* 3.1.1 Ethnic people of Abra * 3.1.2 Ethnic people of Apayao
Apayao
* 3.1.3 Ethnic people of Benguet
Benguet
* 3.1.4 Ethnic People of Ifugao * 3.1.5 Ethnic people of Kalinga * 3.1.6 Ethnic people of Mountain Province

* 3.2 Languages

* 4 Regional economy * 5 Culture * 6 Tourism * 7 References * 8 External links

HISTORY

_ An old U.S. Army map showing Mountain_ province covering the present areas of Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga and Apayao
Apayao

During the Spanish occupation of the Philippines
Philippines
, Christianization and eventual subjugation of the mountain region proved difficult for the Spanish colonial government. Several _comandancias_ were established by the Spanish colonial government in strategic areas of the mountain region. Among them were Amburayan , Cabugaoan, Kayapa , Quiangan , Itaves, Apayaos, Lepanto, Benguet, Bontoc , Banaue
Banaue
, and Tiagan.

On August 18, 1908 during the American regime, Mountain Province was established by the Philippine Commission with the enactment of _Act No. 1876_. Ifugao , which was part of Nueva Vizcaya
Nueva Vizcaya
province, and the former Spanish _comandancias_ of Amburayan , Apayao
Apayao
, Benguet
Benguet
, Bontoc, Kalinga and Lepanto, were annexed to the newly created province as sub-provinces. Amburayan was later abolished in 1920 and its corresponding territories were transferred to the provinces of Ilocos Sur and La Union
La Union
. Lepanto was also reduced in size and its towns were integrated into the sub-provinces of Bontoc and Benguet, and to the province of Ilocos Sur.

On June 18, 1966, _ Republic Act No. 4695_ was enacted to split Mountain Province and create four separate and independent provinces namely Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga- Apayao
Apayao
, and Mountain Province. Ifugao and Kalinga- Apayao
Apayao
were placed under the jurisdiction of the Cagayan Valley region, with Benguet
Benguet
and Mountain Province placed under the Ilocos Region .

CREATION OF THE REGION

On July 15, 1987, President Corazon C. Aquino issued _Executive Order 220_ which created the Cordillera Administrative Region. The provinces of Abra , Benguet
Benguet
and Mountain Province (of the Ilocos Region), and Ifugao and Kalinga- Apayao
Apayao
(of the Cagayan Valley ) were annexed as part of the newly created region.

MODERN HISTORY

On February 14, 1995, Kalinga-Apayao, one of the five provinces of the region was split into two separate and independent provinces of Apayao
Apayao
and Kalinga with the enactment of _ Republic Act No. 7878_.

Several attempts at legalizing autonomy in the Cordillera region have failed in two separate plebiscites . An affirmative vote for the law on regional autonomy is a precondition by the 1987 Philippine Constitution to give the region autonomy in self-governance much like the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao in southern Philippines. The first law _ Republic Act No. 6766_, took effect on October 23, 1989 but failed to muster a majority vote in the plebiscite on January 30, 1990. The second law, _ Republic Act No. 8438_ passed by Congress of the Philippines
Philippines
on December 22, 1997, also failed to pass the approval of the Cordillera peoples in a region-wide referendum on March 7, 1998.

At present, a third organic act of the Cordillera is in the offing supported by the Cordillera Regional Development Council.

Recent Events

_ This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (January 2015)_ _(Learn how and when to remove this template message )_

In September 2000, the municipal council of Itogon, Benguet
Benguet
, withdrew support for the San Roque Dam project. The project had met a lot of resistance, because of the reported failure of its proponents to update its Environmental Certificate of Compliance (ECC) and to submit a watershed management plan required for a project of that magnitude. The San Roque Dam was to become one of the biggest dams in the world and would threaten the living environment of the Igorot.

The Cordillera Peoples Alliance (CPA), an indigenous rights organization in the region, in co-operation with other organizations, had highly resisted this project and thus booked a little victory. However, in May 2001, president Arroyo declared that the San Roque Dam project would continue anyway because it had already started and therefore was difficult to stop. At the same time she promised to not sacrifice the environment, to resettle the people who will lose their houses, to compensate other people, and to initiate no other large-scale irrigation projects in the future.

In December 2000, the Supreme Court of the Philippines
Philippines
dismissed a petition that questioned the constitutional legality of the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act (IPRA), and act which came into existence in 1997 giving the peoples of the Cordillera decisive influence over the establishment of foreign mining companies. In this act, ownership over the lands was regarded as communal, rather than individual and thus coincided more with the view on ownership of the Igorot. The IPRA was totally different in tone than the 1995 Mining
Mining
Code.

Without consultation from the people of the Cordilleras, the Mining Code gave companies the freedom to devastate tribal lands, allowed 100% foreign ownership, and gave companies the right to displace and resettle people within their concessionary areas. Some influential people filed a lawsuit with the Supreme Court against the IPRA, because it contradicted with the Mining
Mining
Code and would therefore be unlawful. The petition was dismissed in a 7-7 vote by the Supreme Court.

A bill creating an autonomous Cordillera was filed in Congress in 2014, but it was not backed by strategic politicians in the region due to lack of support from the national government. However, in 2017, all provincial congressmen within the CAR jointly filed a new Bill creating an autonomous Cordillera, the first time in three decades where all provincial district representatives called in unison for autonomy. The move was made due to the election win of President Duterte, who publicly supported the creation of an autonomous Cordillera.

GEOGRAPHY

Relief map Political map

Cordillera Administrative Region
Cordillera Administrative Region
is the only landlocked region in the Philippines, bounded on the northeast and east by the Cagayan Valley , and on the southwest and west by the Ilocos Region .

The region is primarily mountainous, situated within the Cordillera Central mountain range. Mount Pulag , the highest mountain in Luzon, is located at the tri-point of Benguet, Ifugao , and Nueva Vizcaya provinces. Further information: Cordillera Central, Luzon
Luzon

Within the region are several streams and rivers. The most extensive is the Chico River , a major tributary of the Cagayan River , traversing the provinces of Mountain Province and Kalinga. Other major rivers include Agno , Amburayan , Bued in Benguet, Abulog in Kalinga, Abra River in Abra, Ahin River in Ifugao, Apayao
Apayao
River in Apayao, and Siffu River in both Ifugao and Mountain Province.

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

Cordillera Administrative Region
Cordillera Administrative Region
is politically subdivided into 6 provinces . It has 2 cities; the highly urbanized city of Baguio , and the component city of Tabuk . There are 1,176 barangays in the region. Geographically, the towns of Kayapa and Ambaguio in Nueva Viscaya are technically Cordilleran municipalities.

PROVINCE OR _HUC_ CAPITAL POPULATION (2015) AREA DENSITY CITIES MUNI. BGY.

KM2 SQ MI /KM2 /SQ MI

ABRA Bangued 7001140000000000000♠14.0% 241,160 4,165.25 1,608.21 58 150 0 27 303

APAYAO Kabugao 7000690000000000000♠6.9% 119,184 4,413.35 1,704.00 27 70 0 7 133

BENGUET La Trinidad 7001259000000000000♠25.9% 446,224 2,769.08 1,069.15 160 410 1 13 140

IFUGAO Lagawe 7001118000000000000♠11.8% 202,802 2,628.21 1,014.76 77 200 0 11 175

KALINGA Tabuk 7001124000000000000♠12.4% 212,680 3,231.25 1,247.59 66 170 1 7 152

MOUNTAIN PROVINCE Bontoc 7000900000000000000♠9.0% 154,590 2,157.38 832.97 72 190 0 10 144

BAGUIO † — 7001201000000000000♠20.1% 345,366 57.51 22.20 6,000 16,000 — — 129

TOTAL 1,722,006 19,422.03 7,498.89 89 230 2 75 1,176

Baguio is a _highly-urbanized city_; figures are excluded from Benguet.

CITY/MUNICIPALITY POPULATION (2015) AREA DENSITY CLASS INCOME CLASS PROVINCE

KM2 SQ MI /KM2 /SQ MI

AGUINALDO 19,408 538.05 207.74 36 93 Municipality 2nd Ifugao

ALFONSO LISTA 32,119 347.46 134.16 92 240 Municipality 3rd Ifugao

ASIPULO 15,261 182.87 70.61 83 210 Municipality 5th Ifugao

ATOK 19,668 214.99 83.01 91 240 Municipality 4th Benguet
Benguet

BAGUIO CITY 345,366 57.51 22.20 6,000 16,000 Highly Urbanized City 1st Benguet
Benguet

BAKUN 15,357 286.91 110.78 54 140 Municipality 3rd Benguet
Benguet

BALBALAN 12,195 542.69 209.53 22 57 Municipality 3rd Kalinga

BANAUE 21,837 191.20 73.82 110 280 Municipality 4th Ifugao

BANGUED 48,163 105.70 40.81 460 1,200 Municipality 1st Abra

BARLIG 4,819 228.64 88.28 21 54 Municipality 5th Mountain Province

BAUKO 31,065 153.00 59.07 200 520 Municipality 4th Mountain Province

BESAO 7,040 173.62 67.04 41 110 Municipality 5th Mountain Province

BOKOD 13,756 274.96 106.16 50 130 Municipality 4th Benguet
Benguet

BOLINEY 3,573 216.92 83.75 16 41 Municipality 5th Abra

BONTOC 24,643 396.10 152.94 62 160 Municipality 2nd Mountain Province

BUCAY 17,115 102.16 39.44 170 440 Municipality 5th Abra

BUCLOC 2,501 63.77 24.62 39 100 Municipality 6th Abra

BUGUIAS 43,627 175.88 67.91 250 650 Municipality 3rd Benguet
Benguet

CALANASAN 12,604 1,256.15 485.00 10 26 Municipality 1st Apayao
Apayao

CONNER 26,051 694.30 268.07 38 98 Municipality 2nd Apayao
Apayao

DAGUIOMAN 2,088 114.37 44.16 18 47 Municipality 5th Abra

DANGLAS 4,192 156.02 60.24 27 70 Municipality 5th Abra

DOLORES 11,315 47.45 18.32 240 620 Municipality 5th Abra

FLORA 17,391 324.40 125.25 54 140 Municipality 3rd Apayao
Apayao

HINGYON 9,227 62.02 23.95 150 390 Municipality 5th Ifugao

HUNGDUAN 9,400 260.30 100.50 36 93 Municipality 4th Ifugao

ITOGON 59,820 449.73 173.64 130 340 Municipality 1st Benguet
Benguet

KABAYAN 15,260 242.69 93.70 63 160 Municipality 4th Benguet
Benguet

KABUGAO 15,537 935.12 361.05 17 44 Municipality 1st Apayao
Apayao

KAPANGAN 19,361 164.39 63.47 120 310 Municipality 4th Benguet
Benguet

KIANGAN 17,048 200.00 77.22 85 220 Municipality 4th Ifugao

KIBUNGAN 17,292 254.86 98.40 68 180 Municipality 4th Benguet
Benguet

LA PAZ 15,437 51.41 19.85 300 780 Municipality 5th Abra

LA TRINIDAD 129,133 70.04 27.04 1,800 4,700 Municipality 1st Benguet
Benguet

LACUB 3,403 295.30 114.02 12 31 Municipality 5th Abra

LAGANGILANG 14,255 101.44 39.17 140 360 Municipality 5th Abra

LAGAWE 19,333 208.91 80.66 93 240 Municipality 4th Ifugao

LAGAYAN 4,499 215.97 83.39 21 54 Municipality 5th Abra

LAMUT 25,279 159.65 61.64 160 410 Municipality 4th Ifugao

LANGIDEN 3,198 116.29 44.90 28 73 Municipality 5th Abra

LICUAN-BAAY 4,689 256.42 99.00 18 47 Municipality 5th Abra

LUBA 6,339 148.27 57.25 43 110 Municipality 5th Abra

LUBUAGAN 8,733 234.20 90.43 37 96 Municipality 4th Kalinga

LUNA 19,063 606.04 233.99 31 80 Municipality 2nd Apayao
Apayao

MALIBCONG 3,428 283.17 109.33 12 31 Municipality 5th Abra

MANABO 10,761 110.95 42.84 97 250 Municipality 5th Abra

MANKAYAN 35,953 130.48 50.38 280 730 Municipality 1st Benguet
Benguet

MAYOYAO 17,331 238.05 91.91 73 190 Municipality 4th Ifugao

NATONIN 10,272 252.00 97.30 41 110 Municipality 4th Mountain Province

PARACELIS 28,121 570.16 220.14 49 130 Municipality 2nd Mountain Province

PASIL 9,644 189.00 72.97 51 130 Municipality 5th Kalinga

PEñARRUBIA 6,640 38.29 14.78 170 440 Municipality 6th Abra

PIDIGAN 12,185 49.15 18.98 250 650 Municipality 5th Abra

PILAR 10,223 66.10 25.52 150 390 Municipality 5th Abra

PINUKPUK 32,026 743.56 287.09 43 110 Municipality 1st Kalinga

PUDTOL 14,925 401.02 154.83 37 96 Municipality 4th Apayao
Apayao

RIZAL 17,038 231.00 89.19 74 190 Municipality 4th Kalinga

SABANGAN 9,315 72.04 27.81 130 340 Municipality 5th Mountain Province

SABLAN 11,457 105.63 40.78 110 280 Municipality 5th Benguet
Benguet

SADANGA 8,799 83.30 32.16 110 280 Municipality 5th Mountain Province

SALLAPADAN 6,622 128.62 49.66 51 130 Municipality 5th Abra

SAN ISIDRO 4,574 48.07 18.56 95 250 Municipality 5th Abra

SAN JUAN 9,867 64.08 24.74 150 390 Municipality 5th Abra

SAN QUINTIN 5,438 66.59 25.71 82 210 Municipality 5th Abra

SANTA MARCELA 13,613 196.32 75.80 69 180 Municipality 4th Apayao
Apayao

TADIAN 19,389 145.20 56.06 130 340 Municipality 4th Mountain Province

TANUDAN 9,534 307.55 118.75 31 80 Municipality 4th Kalinga

TAYUM 14,467 61.14 23.61 240 620 Municipality 5th Abra

TINEG 5,097 744.80 287.57 6.8 18 Municipality 2nd Abra

TINGLAYAN 12,868 283.00 109.27 45 120 Municipality 4th Kalinga

TINOC 16,559 239.70 92.55 69 180 Municipality 4th Ifugao

TUBA 47,648 295.97 114.27 160 410 Municipality 1st Benguet
Benguet

TUBLAY 17,892 102.55 39.59 170 440 Municipality 5th Benguet
Benguet

TUBO 5,699 409.87 158.25 14 36 Municipality 4th Abra

VILLAVICIOSA 5,392 102.93 39.74 52 130 Municipality 5th Abra

TABUK CITY 110,642 700.25 270.37 160 410 Component City 5th Kalinga

DEMOGRAPHICS

Population census of Cordillera Administrative Region
Cordillera Administrative Region

YEAR POP. ±%

1990 1,146,191 —

2000 1,365,412 +19.1%

2010 1,616,867 +18.4%

2015 1,722,006 +6.5%

Source: National Statistics Office

ETHNIC GROUPS

Further information: Igorot
Igorot
people _ A man from Tinglayan vested in traditional garb holding a handcrafted weapon first produced during the Second World War
Second World War
; traditional Kalinga cloth is draped over Orthodox icons in the manner of Russian nabozhnyks _.

Cordillera is home to many ethnic tribes living on the Cordillera mountain range. They are commonly referred to as the Igorot
Igorot
.

Ethnic People Of Abra

The Tingguians are composed of sub-groups known as the Itneg tribes which includes Adasen, Balatok, Banaw, Belwang, Binungan, Gubang, Inlaud, Mabaka, Maeng, Masadiit, and Muyadan or Ammutan.: Their places in Abra are as follows:

* Adasen — Lagayan , San Juan and Tineg * Banaw — Daguioman , Malibcong , also found in Balbalan, Kalinga * Binungan — Baay-Licuan and Lacub * Balatok — in the villages of Amti, Kilong-olaw, vertical-align: top;">

Ethnic People Of Benguet

* Ibaloi * Kankanaey * Kalanguya * Karao Tribe

Ethnic People Of Ifugao

* Tuwali * Ayangan * Kalanguya

Ethnic People Of Kalinga

* Kalingan * Banao * Tanudan

Ethnic People Of Mountain Province

* Bontoc — Bontoc * Balangao — Natonin * Baliwon — Paracelis * Applai — Bauko, Besao, Sabangan and Sagada

Man of the Ifugao tribe in traditional costume.

LANGUAGES

The Cordillera region is the most diversified ethno-linguistic region in the Philippines
Philippines
with its major languages having sub-dialect variations. The topographic formation of the Cordillera mountain range, which has greatly influenced the upstream migration of peoples in the Cordillera into the hinterland, corresponds the various dialects pattern formation. The disparity in linguistic ethnicity however, did not form variation in cultural development as almost every Cordillera people shares similar cultural identity among different tribes.

* Bontok — spoken in Bontoc * Ifugao — spoken in Ifugao * Isnag — spoken in Apayao
Apayao
* Balangao — spoken in Natonin

* Kankanaey — spoken in western Mountain Province and some municipalities in Benguet
Benguet
* Ibaloi — spoken in Benguet * Kalanguya — spoken in some municipalities of Benguet * Itneg — spoken in Abra * Kalinga - spoken in Kalinga

Ilocano is spoken in almost all parts of the region.

REGIONAL ECONOMY

Economy of the region is diverse; mining , agriculture, export processing zone, tourism are among economic activities in the different provinces of the region.

The region is abundant with mineral reserves. These include metallic ores such as gold, copper, silver, zinc, and non-metallic minerals like sand, gravel and sulfur. Mineral reserves are found in all the provinces. However, mining is concentrated in Benguet
Benguet
.

Its timber resources has dwindled since the introduction of slash-and-burn method of farming in all parts of the Cordillera mountain range.

Vegetable crop production is well developed in Benguet
Benguet
, rice production in Ifugao and Abra , corn production in Mountain Province , and Kalinga .

Baguio and La Trinidad are considered as the industrial centers in the region. Baguio City hosts Baguio Export Processing Zone where operations of big companies like Texas Instruments, and MOOG are located. The city also hosts offshore and outsourcing companies operating call centers.

The primary growth centers of the region are Metro Baguio and the Eastern Cordillera Growth Corridor.

CULTURE

_ THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (January 2015)_

The Bontoc Museum, run by the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, hosts many of the materials used by the different Ethnic Tribes in the Mountain Province.

The Cordillera region is known for its unique musical instruments including the gangsa kalinga, nose flute , bamboo flute , buzzer , _bangibang_, _tongatong_, _diwdiw-as_, _saggeypo_, and bamboo zither.

TOURISM

The Banaue Rice Terraces
Banaue Rice Terraces
is among the sites visited by tourists in the region which is situated in the province of Ifugao . The terraces, ancient sprawling man-made structures from 2,000 to 6,000 years old, are a UNESCO World Heritage Site , and are part of the Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras . The Philippine Eagle and the Crested-Serpent Eagle was also found in the Last forest frontier of the North the Province of Apayao.

Other natural attractions of the region include the Sumaguing Cave in Sagada and the mummy caves of Benguet
Benguet
and Mountain Province. There are four national parks : Cassamata Hill , Mount Data , Balbalasang-Balbalan , located in the province of Kalinga, and Mount Pulag , the highest mountain in Luzon
Luzon
at 2,922 metres (9,587 ft) above sea level . Kalinga also offers white water rafting along the Chico River .

The city of Baguio , dubbed the "summer capital of the Philippines", is a major tourist destination in the region.

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Census of Population (2015). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". _Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay_. PSA . Retrieved 20 June 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Regional Profile: Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". _CountrySTAT Philippines_. Archived from the original on 22 October 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Mt. Province". _VisitMyPhilippines.com The Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourists_. Department of Tourism. Retrieved 23 December 2013. * ^ Keesing, Felix Maxwell; Keesing, Marie Margaret; Keesing, Marie Martin; Institute of Pacific Relations (contributor); International Research Committee (contributor) (1934). _Taming Philippine Headhunters: A Study of Government and of Cultural Change in Northern Luzon_. Stanford University Press. pp. 67–69. ISBN 9780804721103 . Retrieved 2 January 2015. * ^ " Benguet
Benguet
History". _Province of Benguet
Benguet
(official website)_. Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2014. Benguet
Benguet
was once part of Mountain Province. * ^ "Historical Background". _Provincial Government of Apayao_. Retrieved 3 January 2015. * ^ National Historical Institute (Philippines) (1978). _Kasaysayan, Volume 3, Issues 1-4_ (Digitized by Google
Google
on 26 Sep 2009). National Historical Institute. p. 16. Retrieved 2 January 2015. (Original file from the University of Michigan) * ^ Ingles, Raul Rafael (2008). _1908 :The Way it Really was : Historical Journal for the UP Centennial, 1908-2008_. Diliman, Quezon City: University of the Philippines
Philippines
Press . pp. 330, 339. ISBN 9715425801 . Retrieved 2 January 2015. * ^ Worcester, Dean C.; Philippine Commission (1908). _Seventh Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior to the Philippine Commission for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1908_. Manila: U.S. Government Printing Office. pp. 17–19. Archived from the original (Digitized by Google
Google
on 23 Nov 2005 (Original file from the University of Michigan )) on 23 Nov 2005. Retrieved 2 January 2015. ( Google
Google
Books link * ^ Philippines. Census Office; Buencamino, Felipe; Villamor, Ignacio (1920). _Census of the Philippine Islands Taken Under the Direction of the Philippine Legislature in the Year 1918, Volume 1_. Bureau of printing. p. 68. * ^ " Cordillera Administrative Region
Cordillera Administrative Region
History". _Cordillera Connection ( Blogspot
Blogspot
)_. 14 August 2009. Retrieved 22 October 2014. * ^ " Republic Act No. 4695: An Act Creating the Provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Ifugao and Kalinga-Apayao". _Chan Robles Virtual Law Library_. Retrieved 18 September 2014. * ^ "Facts & Figures: Ifugao Province". _Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board_. Department of the Interior and Local Government - Cordillera Administrative Region. Retrieved 2 January 2015. * ^ "Historical Background". _Provincial Government of Apayao_. 15 April 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2015. * ^ "The Cordillera Administrative Region
Cordillera Administrative Region
(CAR)". _Department of Agriculture_. Retrieved 18 September 2014. * ^ "R.A. No. 7878: An Act Converting the Sub-Provinces of Kalinga and Apayao
Apayao
into Regular Provinces to be Known as the Province of Kalinga and the Province of Apayao, Amending for the Purpose Republic Act No. 4695". _Chan Robles Virtual Law Library_. 14 February 1995. Retrieved 4 January 2015. * ^ "Facts & Figures: Apayao
Apayao
Province". _Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board_. 19 April 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Ferrer, Miriam Coronel (4 September 2010). "Cordillera autonomy - Miriam Coronel Ferrer". ABS-CBN News . Retrieved 4 January 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Cordillera Autonomy". _ Scribd Inc. _ Dona Dee Lacdao. Retrieved 4 January 2015. * ^ "R.A. No. 6766: An Act Providing for an Organic Act for the Cordillera Autonomous Region". _The LawPhil Project_. Congress of the Philippines. Retrieved 4 January 2015. * ^ "R.A. No. 8438: An Act to Establish the Cordillera Autonomous Region". _The LawPhil Project_. Congress of the Philippines. Retrieved 4 January 2015. * ^ Cordillera People's Alliance, Public Information Commission (1 January 2001). "Dams In the Cordillera" (PDF). _International Rivers_. Archived from the original (PDF ) on 4 January 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2015. * ^ "Cordillera\'s Water Resources". _Cordillera Peoples Alliance_. Retrieved 4 January 2015. * ^ "PSGC Interactive; List of Provinces". _Philippine Statistics Authority _. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2016. * ^ "PSGC Interactive; List of Cities". _Philippine Statistics Authority_. Archived from the original on 29 April 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2016. * ^ "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines
Philippines
and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). _2010 Census and Housing Population_. National Statistics Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 9 August 2013. * ^ http://library.thinkquest.org/C003235/tingguian.html * ^ http://www.ncca.gov.ph/about-culture-and-arts/articles-on-c-n-a/article.php?igm=4;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

_ Cordillera Administrative Region
Cordillera Administrative Region
(CAR)

REGIONAL CENTER

* Baguio

PROVINCES

* Abra * Apayao
Apayao
* Benguet
Benguet
* Ifugao * Kalinga * Mountain Province

HIGHLY URBANIZED CITY

* Baguio

COMPONENT CITY

* Tabuk

PROVINCIAL CAPITALS

* Bangued * Bontoc * Kabugao (de jure_) * La Trinidad * Lagawe * Luna (_de facto_) * Tabuk

MUNICIPALITIES

* Aguinaldo * Alfonso Lista * Asipulo * Atok * Bakun * Balbalan * Banaue
Banaue
* Bangued * Barlig * Bauko * Besao * Bokod * Boliney * Bontoc * Bucay * Bucloc * Buguias * Calanasan * Conner * Daguioman * Danglas * Dolores * Flora * Hingyon * Hungduan * Itogon * Kabayan * Kabugao * Kapangan * Kiangan * Kibungan * La Paz * La Trinidad * Lacub * Lagangilang * Lagawe * Lagayan * Lamut * Langiden * Licuan-Baay * Luba * Lubuagan * Luna * Malibcong * Manabo * Mankayan * Mayoyao * Natonin * Paracelis * Pasil * Peñarrubia * Pidigan * Pilar * Pinukpuk * Pudtol * Rizal
Rizal
* Sabangan * Sablan * Sadanga * Sagada * Sallapadan * San Isidro * San Juan * San Quintin * Santa Marcela * Tadian * Tanudan * Tayum * Tineg * Tinglayan * Tinoc * Tuba * Tublay * Tubo * Villaviciosa

Luzon
Luzon
, Republic of the Philippines
Philippines

* v * t * e

Regions of the Philippines

LUZON

* I – Ilocos Region * II – Cagayan Valley * III – Central Luzon
Luzon
* IV-A – Calabarzon * Mimaropa – Southwestern Tagalog Region * V – Bicol Region * CAR – Cordillera Administrative Region * NCR – National Capital Region

VISAYAS

* VI – Western Visayas * VII – Central Visayas * VIII – Eastern Visayas

MINDANAO

* IX – Zamboanga Peninsula * X – Northern Mindanao
Mindanao
* XI – Davao Region
Davao Region
* XII – Soccsksargen * XIII – Caraga * ARMM – Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
Mindanao

FORMER REGIONS

* NIR – Negros Island Region * Southern Tagalog

* v * t * e

Administrative divisions of the Philippines
Philippines

CAPITAL

* Manila
Manila
(National Capital Region )

ISLAND GROUPS

* Luzon
Luzon
* Visayas * Mindanao
Mindanao

REGIONS

ADMINISTRATIVE

* I – Ilocos Region * II – Cagayan Valley * III – Central Luzon
Luzon
* IV-A – Calabarzon * Mimaropa – Southwestern Tagalog Region * V – Bicol Region * VI – Western Visayas * VII – Central Visayas * VIII – Eastern Visayas * IX – Zamboanga Peninsula * X – Northern Mindanao
Mindanao
* XI – Davao Region
Davao Region
* XII – Soccsksargen * XIII – Caraga * CAR – Cordillera Administrative Region * NCR – National Capital Region

AUTONOMOUS

* Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
Mindanao

PROVINCES

* Abra * Agusan del Norte * Agusan del Sur
Agusan del Sur
* Aklan * Albay * Antique * Apayao
Apayao
* Aurora * Basilan
Basilan
* Bataan
Bataan
* Batanes * Batangas * Benguet
Benguet
* Biliran * Bohol
Bohol
* Bukidnon
Bukidnon
* Bulacan
Bulacan
* Cagayan
Cagayan
* Camarines Norte
Camarines Norte
* Camarines Sur
Camarines Sur
* Camiguin * Capiz * Catanduanes * Cavite
Cavite
* Cebu
Cebu
* Compostela Valley * Cotabato * Davao del Norte * Davao del Sur * Davao Occidental * Davao Oriental * Dinagat Islands * Eastern Samar * Guimaras * Ifugao * Ilocos Norte * Ilocos Sur * Iloilo
Iloilo
* Isabela * Kalinga * La Union
La Union
* Laguna * Lanao del Norte * Lanao del Sur * Leyte * Maguindanao * Marinduque * Masbate * Misamis Occidental
Misamis Occidental
* Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
* Mountain Province * Negros Occidental * Negros Oriental * Northern Samar * Nueva Ecija * Nueva Vizcaya
Nueva Vizcaya
* Occidental Mindoro * Oriental Mindoro * Palawan * Pampanga
Pampanga
* Pangasinan
Pangasinan
* Quezon
Quezon
* Quirino
Quirino
* Rizal
Rizal
* Romblon
Romblon
* Samar * Sarangani * Siquijor * Sorsogon * South Cotabato * Southern Leyte * Sultan Kudarat * Sulu
Sulu
* Surigao del Norte * Surigao del Sur * Tarlac
Tarlac
* Tawi-Tawi
Tawi-Tawi
* Zambales * Zamboanga del Norte * Zamboanga del Sur * Zamboanga Sibugay
Zamboanga Sibugay

CITIES

* List of cities in the Philippines
Philippines

MUNICIPALITIES

* List of cities and municipalities in the Philippines
Philippines

BARANGAYS

* Lists of barangays by province * Poblacion
Poblacion

OTHER SUBDIVISIONS

* Puroks * Sitios * List of primary LGUs * Legislative districts * Metropolitan areas

HISTORICAL

* Former provinces * Formally proposed provinces * Negros Island Region

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