HOME
The Info List - Cook Islands


--- Advertisement ---



Coordinates: 21°14′S 159°46′W / 21.233°S 159.767°W / -21.233; -159.767

Cook Islands Kūki 'Āirani

Flag

Coat of arms

Anthem: Te Atua Mou E God is Truth

Capital and largest city Avarua 21°12′S 159°46′W / 21.200°S 159.767°W / -21.200; -159.767

Official languages

English Cook Islands Māori (including Pukapukan[a])

Spoken languages

English (86.4%) Māori (76.2%) other (8.3%)[1]

Ethnic groups (2011[1])

81.3% Māori 6.7% part-Māori 11.9% other

Demonym Cook Islander

Government Constitutional monarchy

• Monarch

Elizabeth II

• Queen's Representative

Tom Marsters

• Prime Minister

Henry Puna

• House of Ariki

Tou Travel Ariki

Legislature Parliament

Associated state of New Zealand

• Self-governance

4 August 1965

• UN recognition of independence in foreign relations

1992[2]

Area

• Total

236.7 km2 (91.4 sq mi) (unranked)

Population

• 2016 estimate

17,379[3]

• 2016 census

17,459[4]

• Density

42/km2 (108.8/sq mi) (124th)

GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate

• Total

$311 million[5] (not ranked)

• Per capita

$15,002.5 (not ranked)

Currency New Zealand dollar
New Zealand dollar
(NZD) Cook Islands
Cook Islands
dollar

Time zone CKT (UTC-10)

Drives on the left

Calling code +682

ISO 3166 code CK

Internet TLD .ck

^ As per the Te Reo Maori Act.

The Cook Islands
Cook Islands
(/ˈkʊk ˈaɪləndz/ ( listen); Cook Islands Māori: Kūki 'Āirani)[6] is a self-governing island country in the South Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
in free association with New Zealand. It comprises 15 islands whose total land area is 240 square kilometres (92.7 sq mi). The Cook Islands' Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) covers 1,800,000 square kilometres (690,000 sq mi) of ocean.[7] New Zealand
New Zealand
is responsible for the Cook Islands' defence and foreign affairs, but they are exercised in consultation with the Cook Islands. In recent times, the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
have adopted an increasingly independent foreign policy. Although Cook Islanders are citizens of New Zealand, they have the status of Cook Islands
Cook Islands
nationals, which is not given to other New Zealand
New Zealand
citizens. The Cook Islands' main population centres are on the island of Rarotonga
Rarotonga
(10,572 in 2011),[8] where there is an international airport. There is a larger population of Cook Islanders in New Zealand itself; in the 2013 census, 61,839 people said they were Cook Islanders.[9] With about 100,000 visitors travelling to the islands in the 2010–11 financial year,[10] tourism is the country's main industry, and the leading element of the economy, ahead of offshore banking, pearls, and marine and fruit exports.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Politics and foreign relations

3.1 Human rights

4 Administrative subdivisions 5 Demographics 6 Economy 7 Culture

7.1 Language 7.2 Music 7.3 Public holidays 7.4 Art

7.4.1 Carving 7.4.2 Weaving 7.4.3 Tivaevae 7.4.4 Contemporary art

8 Wildlife 9 Sport 10 See also 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

Geography[edit] Main article: Geography of the Cook Islands The Cook Islands
Cook Islands
are in the South Pacific Ocean, northeast of New Zealand, between French Polynesia
French Polynesia
and American Samoa. There are 15 major islands spread over 2,200,000 km2 (849,425 sq mi) of ocean, divided into two distinct groups: the Southern Cook Islands
Cook Islands
and the Northern Cook Islands
Cook Islands
of coral atolls.[11] The islands were formed by volcanic activity; the northern group is older and consists of six atolls, which are sunken volcanoes topped by coral growth. The climate is moderate to tropical.

Tapuaetai
Tapuaetai
(One Foot Island) in the southern part of Aitutaki
Aitutaki
Atoll

The Cook Islands
Cook Islands
consist of 15 islands and two reefs.

Group Island Area km² Population 2011

Northern Penrhyn 10 213

Northern Rakahanga 4 77

Northern Manihiki 5 238

Northern Pukapuka 1 451

Northern Tema Reef (submerged) 0 0

Northern Nassau 1 73

Northern Suwarrow 0 2

Southern Palmerston 2 60

Southern Aitutaki 18 1,771

Southern Manuae 6 0

Southern Takutea 1 0

Southern Mitiaro 22 189

Southern Atiu 27 468

Southern Mauke 18 300

Southern Winslow Reef (submerged) 0 0

Southern Rarotonga 67 10,572

Southern Mangaia 52 562

Total Total 237 14,976

The table is ordered from north to south. Population figures from the 2011 census.[12]

Map of the Cook Islands.

History[edit] Main article: History of the Cook Islands

Beach on Rarotonga

The Cook Islands
Cook Islands
were first settled in the 6th century by Polynesian people who migrated from Tahiti,[13] an island 1,154 kilometres (717 mi) to the northeast. Spanish ships visited the islands in the 16th century; the first written record of contact with the islands came in 1595 with the sighting of Pukapuka
Pukapuka
by Spanish sailor Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira, who called it San Bernardo (Saint Bernard). Pedro Fernandes de Queirós, a Portuguese captain working for the Spanish crown, made the first recorded European landing in the islands when he set foot on Rakahanga
Rakahanga
in 1606, calling it Gente Hermosa (Beautiful People).[14] British navigator Captain James Cook
James Cook
arrived in 1773 and 1777[15] and named the island of Manuae Hervey Island. Later, the name Hervey Islands came to be applied to the entire southern group; the name "Cook Islands", in honour of Cook, first appeared on a Russian naval chart published in the 1820s.[16] In 1813 John Williams, a missionary on the Endeavour (not the same ship as Cook's) made the first recorded sighting of Rarotonga.[17][dubious – discuss] The first recorded landing on Rarotonga
Rarotonga
by Europeans was in 1814 by the Cumberland; trouble broke out between the sailors and the Islanders and many were killed on both sides.[18] The islands saw no more Europeans until missionaries arrived from England in 1821. Christianity quickly took hold in the culture and many islanders continue to be Christian believers today.

Governor-General Lord Ranfurly
Lord Ranfurly
reading the annexation proclamation to Queen Makea on 7 October 1900.

The Cook Islands
Cook Islands
became a British protectorate in 1888, due largely to community fears that France
France
might occupy the territory as it had Tahiti. On 6 September 1900, the leading islanders presented a petition asking that the islands (including Niue
Niue
"if possible") should be annexed as British territory.[19][20] On 8–9 October 1900 seven instruments of cession of Rarotonga
Rarotonga
and other islands were signed by their chiefs and people; and by a British Proclamation issued at the same time the cessions were accepted, the islands being declared parts of Her Britannic Majesty's dominions.[19] These instruments did not include Aitutaki. It appears that, though the inhabitants regarded themselves as British subjects, the Crown's title was uncertain, and the island was formally annexed by Proclamation dated 9 October 1900.[21][22] The islands were included within the boundaries of the Colony of New Zealand
New Zealand
in 1901 by Order in Council[23] under the Colonial Boundaries Act, 1895 of the United Kingdom.[19][24] The boundary change became effective on 11 June 1901 and the Cook Islands have had a formal relationship with New Zealand
New Zealand
ever since.[19] When the British Nationality and New Zealand
New Zealand
Citizenship Act 1948 came into effect on 1 January 1949, Cook Islanders who were British subjects gained New Zealand
New Zealand
citizenship.[25] The country remained a New Zealand
New Zealand
dependent territory until 1965, when the New Zealand Government decided to offer self-governing status to its colony. In that year, Albert Henry of the Cook Islands Party
Cook Islands Party
was elected as the first Premier. Henry led the country until he was accused of vote-rigging. He was succeeded in 1978 by Tom Davis of the Democratic Party. Politics and foreign relations[edit] Main articles: Politics of the Cook Islands
Politics of the Cook Islands
and Foreign relations of the Cook Islands

The parliament building of the Cook Islands, formerly a hotel.

Prime Minister Henry Puna
Henry Puna
with U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, 31 August 2012

The Cook Islands
Cook Islands
is a representative democracy with a parliamentary system in an associated state relationship with New Zealand. Executive power is exercised by the government, with the Chief Minister as head of government. Legislative power
Legislative power
is vested in both the government and the Parliament of the Cook Islands. There is a pluriform multi-party system. The Judiciary
Judiciary
is independent of the executive and the legislature. The head of state is the Queen of New Zealand, who is represented in the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
by the Queen's Representative. The islands are self-governing in "free association" with New Zealand. New Zealand
New Zealand
retains primary responsibility for external affairs, with consultation with the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
government. Cook Islands
Cook Islands
nationals are citizens of New Zealand
New Zealand
and can receive New Zealand
New Zealand
government services, but the reverse is not true; New Zealand
New Zealand
citizens are not Cook Islands
Cook Islands
nationals. Despite this, as of 2014[update], the Cook Islands had diplomatic relations in its own name with 43 other countries. The Cook Islands
Cook Islands
is not a United Nations
United Nations
member state, but, along with Niue, has had their "full treaty-making capacity" recognised by United Nations
United Nations
Secretariat,[26][27] and is a full member of the WHO
WHO
and UNESCO
UNESCO
UN specialised agencies, is an associate member of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) and a Member of the Assembly of States of the International Criminal Court. On 11 June 1980, the United States
United States
signed a treaty with the Cook Islands specifying the maritime border between the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
and American Samoa
American Samoa
and also relinquishing any American claims to Penrhyn, Pukapuka, Manihiki, and Rakahanga.[28] In 1990 the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
and France
France
signed a treaty that delimited the boundary between the Cook Islands and French Polynesia.[29] As competition between the US and China
China
heated up in the South China Sea
South China Sea
and other areas closer to the mainland, the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
began to feel the results. In late August 2012, for instance, United States Secretary of State
United States Secretary of State
Hillary Clinton visited the islands.[30][31] Human rights[edit] See also: Human rights in the Cook Islands and LGBT rights in the Cook Islands Male homosexuality is illegal in the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
and is punishable by a maximum term of seven years imprisonment.[32] Administrative subdivisions[edit] There are island councils on all of the inhabited outer islands (Outer Islands Local Government Act 1987 with amendments up to 2004, and Palmerston Island
Palmerston Island
Local Government Act 1993) except Nassau, which is governed by Pukapuka
Pukapuka
(Suwarrow, with only one caretaker living on the island, also governed by Pukapuka, is not counted with the inhabited islands in this context). Each council is headed by a mayor.

Aerial view of Penrhyn

The Ten Outer Islands Councils are

Aitutaki
Aitutaki
(including uninhabited Manuae)

Atiu
Atiu
(including uninhabited Takutea)

Mangaia

Manihiki

Ma'uke

Mitiaro

Palmerston

Penrhyn

Pukapuka
Pukapuka
(including Nassau and Suwarrow)

Rakahanga

Districts of Rarotonga

The three Vaka councils of Rarotonga
Rarotonga
established in 1997 (Rarotonga Local Government Act 1997), also headed by mayors,[33] were abolished in February 2008, despite much controversy.[34][35]

The three Vaka councils on Rarotonga
Rarotonga
were:

Te-Au-O-Tonga (equivalent to Avarua, the capital of the Cook Islands)

Puaikura Arorangi

Takitumu Matavera, Ngatangiia, Takitumu

On the lowest level, there are village committees. Nassau, which is governed by Pukapuka, has an island committee (Nassau Island Committee), which advises the Pukapuka
Pukapuka
Island Council on matters concerning its own island. Demographics[edit] Main article: Demographics of the Cook Islands

Population pyramid
Population pyramid
2011[36]

% Males Age Females %

0

 

85+

 

0

0.5

 

80–84

 

0.6

0.7

 

75–79

 

0.9

1.4

 

70–74

 

1.4

1.9

 

65–69

 

1.8

2.2

 

60–64

 

2

2.4

 

55–59

 

2.4

3

 

50–54

 

3

3.6

 

45–49

 

3.6

3.4

 

40–44

 

3.6

3.1

 

35–39

 

3.6

3

 

30–34

 

3.3

3.3

 

25–29

 

3.8

3.4

 

20–24

 

3.7

4.3

 

15–19

 

4.1

4.5

 

10–14

 

4

4.3

 

5–9

 

4.3

4.5

 

0–4

 

4.4

Births and deaths [37]

Year Population Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural increase TFR

2009

284 72 212 12.6 3.2 9.4

2010

286 92 194 12.1 3.9 8.2

2011 14 974 262 72 190 13.6 3.7 9.8

2012

259 104 155 13.3 5.3 7.9

2013

256 115 141 13.8 6.2 7.6

Economy[edit] Main article: Economy of the Cook Islands The economy is strongly affected by geography. It is isolated from foreign markets, and has some inadequate infrastructure; it lacks major natural resources, has limited manufacturing and suffers moderately from natural disasters.[38] Tourism provides the economic base that makes up approximately 67.5% of GDP. Additionally, the economy is supported by foreign aid, largely from New Zealand. China has also contributed foreign aid, which has resulted in, among other projects, the Police Headquarters building. The Cook Islands
Cook Islands
is expanding its agriculture, mining and fishing sectors, with varying success. Since approximately 1989, the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
have become a location specialising in so-called asset protection trusts, by which investors shelter assets from the reach of creditors and legal authorities.[39][40] According to The New York Times, the Cooks have "laws devised to protect foreigners' assets from legal claims in their home countries", which were apparently crafted specifically to thwart the long arm of American justice; creditors must travel to the Cook Islands and argue their cases under Cooks law, often at prohibitive expense.[39] Unlike other foreign jurisdictions such as the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands
Cayman Islands
and Switzerland, the Cooks "generally disregard foreign court orders" and do not require that bank accounts, real estate, or other assets protected from scrutiny (it is illegal to disclose names or any information about Cooks trusts) be physically located within the archipelago.[39] Taxes on trusts and trust employees account for some 8% of the Cook Islands economy, behind tourism but ahead of fishing.[39] In recent years, the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
has gained a reputation as a debtor paradise, through the enactment of legislation that permits debtors to shield their property from the claims of creditors.[39] Culture[edit] Main article: Culture of the Cook Islands

Float parade during the annual Maeva Nui celebrations.

Language[edit] The languages of the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
include English, Cook Islands Māori, or "Rarotongan," and Pukapukan. Dialects of Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Maori include Penrhyn; Rakahanga-Manihiki; the Ngaputoru dialect of Atiu, Mitiaro, and Mauke; the Aitutaki
Aitutaki
dialect; and the Mangaian dialect. Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Maori and its dialectic variants are closely related to both Tahitian and to New Zealand
New Zealand
Māori. Pukapukan is considered closely related to the Samoan language. English and Cook Islands Māori are official languages of the Cook Islands; per the Te Reo Maori Act. The legal definition of Cook Islands Māori includes Pukapukan. Music[edit] Main article: Music of the Cook Islands Music in the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
is varied, with Christian songs being quite popular, but traditional dancing and songs in Polynesian languages remain popular.

Confiscation and destruction of idol gods by European missionaries in Rarotonga, 1837

The Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Christian Church

Public holidays[edit] Main article: Public holidays in the Cook Islands Art[edit] Main article: Art of the Cook Islands Carving[edit]

This wooden late eighteenth or early nineteenth century carved figure escaped emasculation. Only one other comparable example is known apart from this one in the British Museum.[41]

Woodcarving
Woodcarving
is a common art form in the Cook Islands. The proximity of islands in the southern group helped produce a homogeneous style of carving but that had special developments in each island. Rarotonga
Rarotonga
is known for its fisherman's gods and staff-gods, Atiu
Atiu
for its wooden seats, Mitiaro, Mauke
Mauke
and Atiu
Atiu
for mace and slab gods and Mangaia
Mangaia
for its ceremonial adzes. Most of the original wood carvings were either spirited away by early European collectors or were burned in large numbers by missionaries. Today, carving is no longer the major art form with the same spiritual and cultural emphasis given to it by the Maori in New Zealand. However, there are continual efforts to interest young people in their heritage and some good work is being turned out under the guidance of older carvers. Atiu, in particular, has a strong tradition of crafts both in carving and local fibre arts such as tapa. Mangaia
Mangaia
is the source of many fine adzes carved in a distinctive, idiosyncratic style with the so-called double-k design. Mangaia
Mangaia
also produces food pounders carved from the heavy calcite found in its extensive limestone caves.[42] Weaving[edit] The outer islands produce traditional weaving of mats, basketware and hats. Particularly fine examples of rito hats are worn by women to church. They are made from the uncurled immature fibre of the coconut palm and are of very high quality. The Polynesian equivalent of Panama hats, they are highly valued and are keenly sought by Polynesian visitors from Tahiti. Often, they are decorated with hatbands made of minuscule pupu shells that are painted and stitched on by hand. Although pupu are found on other islands the collection and use of them in decorative work has become a speciality of Mangaia. The weaving of rito is a speciality of the northern islands, Manihiki, Rakahanga
Rakahanga
and Penrhyn. [43] Tivaevae[edit] A major art form in the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
is tivaevae. This is, in essence, the art of handmade Island scenery patchwork quilts. Introduced by the wives of missionaries in the 19th century, the craft grew into a communal activity and is probably one of the main reasons for its popularity.[44] Contemporary art[edit] The Cook Islands
Cook Islands
has produced internationally recognised contemporary artists, especially in the main island of Rarotonga. Artists include painter (and photographer) Mahiriki Tangaroa, sculptors Eruera (Ted) Nia (originally a film maker) and master carver Mike Tavioni, painter (and Polynesian tattoo enthusiast) Upoko'ina Ian George, Aitutakian-born painter Tim Manavaroa Buchanan, Loretta Reynolds, Judith Kunzlé, Joan Rolls Gragg, Kay George (who is also known for her fabric designs), Apii Rongo, Varu Samuel, and multi-media, installation and community-project artist Ani O'Neill, all of whom currently live on the main island of Rarotonga. Atiuan-based Andrea Eimke is an artist who works in the medium of tapa and other textiles, and also co-authored the book 'Tivaivai – The Social Fabric of the Cook Islands' with British academic Susanne Kuechler. Many of these artists have studied at university art schools in New Zealand
New Zealand
and continue to enjoy close links with the New Zealand
New Zealand
art scene.[45] New Zealand-based Cook Islander artists include Michel Tuffery, print-maker David Teata, Richard Shortland Cooper, Sylvia Marsters and Jim Vivieaere. On Rarotonga, the main commercial galleries are Beachcomber Contemporary Art (Taputapuatea, Avarua) run by Ben & Trevon Bergman,[46] and The Art Studio Gallery (Arorangi) run by Ian and Kay George.[47] The Cook Islands
Cook Islands
National Museum also exhibits art.[48] Wildlife[edit]

Tiare māori, the national flower of the Cook Islands

The national flower of the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
is the Tiare māori or Tiale māoli (Penrhyn, Nassau, Pukapuka).[49] The Cook Islands
Cook Islands
have a large non-native population of Kiore toka (Ship rat).[50] and Polynesian rat.[51] The rats have dramatically reduced the bird population on the islands.[52] In April 2007, 27 Kuhl's lorikeet
Kuhl's lorikeet
were re-introduced to Atiu
Atiu
from Rimatara. Fossil and oral traditions indicate that the species was formerly on at least five islands of the southern group. Excessive exploitation for its red feathers is the most likely reason for the species's extinction in the Cook Islands.[53]

Sport[edit] Main article: Sport in the Cook Islands See also: Cricket in Oceania
Oceania
§ Cook Islands See also: Netball in the Cook Islands See also: Rugby league
Rugby league
in the Cook Islands Rugby league
Rugby league
is the most popular sport in the Cook Islands.[54] See also[edit]

Demographics of the Cook Islands Index of Cook Islands-related articles List of Cook Islanders List of islands Outline of the Cook Islands

Geography portal Oceania
Oceania
portal Commonwealth realms portal New Zealand
New Zealand
portal United Nations
United Nations
portal

References[edit]

^ a b "Cook Islands". www.cia.gov. The World Factbook.  ^ UN THE WORLD TODAY (PDF) and Repertory of Practice of United Nations Organs Supplement No. 8; page 10 Archived 19 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations
United Nations
Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.  ^ "Census 2016 - Cook Islands
Cook Islands
- Ministry of Finance and Economic Management". www.mfem.gov.ck. Retrieved 2017-11-11.  ^ "UN Data". Retrieved 7 January 2017.  ^ Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Maori dictionary by Jasper Buse & Raututi Taringa, Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Ministry of Education (1995) page 200 ^ A View from the Cook Islands. SOPAC ^ " Cook Islands
Cook Islands
2011 census". Cookislands.org. Retrieved 22 March 2015.  ^ "2013 Census ethnic group profiles". Statistics NZ. Retrieved 2017-11-11.  ^ "The Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Half Year Economic and Fiscal Update For the Financial Year 2010/2011" (PDF). Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Ministry of Finance & Economic Management. December 2010. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 July 2012.  ^ " Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Travel Guide" (with description), World Travel Guide, Nexus Media Communications, 2006. Webpage: WTGuide-Cook-Islands. ^ Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Ministry of Finance and Economic Management, 2011 Census ^ Cook Islands
Cook Islands
(archived from the original on 19 March 2012). ^ Hooker, Brian (1998). "European discovery of the Cook Islands". Terrae Incognitae. 30. pp. 54–62.  ^ Thomas, Nicholas (2003). Cook : the extraordinary voyages of Captain James Cook, Walker & Company, ISBN 0802714129, pp. 310–311. ^ " Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Government website". Cook-islands.gov.ck. Archived from the original on 26 March 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2011.  ^ "Ten Decades: The Australasian Centenary History of the London Missionary Society, Rev. Joseph King (Word document)". Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 18 November 2011.  ^ "History of the Cook Islands". Ck/history. Retrieved 18 November 2011.  ^ a b c d "Commonwealth and Colonial Law" by Kenneth Roberts-Wray, London, Stevens, 1966. P. 891 ^ N.Z. Parliamentary Pp., A3 (1901) ^ "Commonwealth and Colonial Law" by Kenneth Roberts-Wray, London, Stevens, 1966. P. 761 ^ N.Z. Parliamentary Pp., A1 (1900) ^ S.R.O. & S.I. Rev. XVI, 862–863 ^ 58 & 59 V. c. 34. ^ 3. Aliens and citizens – Citizenship – Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Teara.govt.nz (4 March 2009). Retrieved 26 December 2012. ^ "Repertory of Practice" (PDF), Legal.un.org (8), p. 10, archived from the original (PDF) on 19 October 2013  ^ "The World today" (PDF), Legal.un.org  ^ "Treaty Between the United States
United States
of America and the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
on Friendship and Delimitation of the Maritime Boundary Between the United States
United States
of America and the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
(and Exchange of Notes)". Pacific Islands Treaty Series. University of the South Pacific School of Law. Retrieved 18 May 2009.  ^ "Agreement on Maritime Delimitation Between the Government of the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
and the Government of the French Republic". Pacific Islands Treaty Series. University of the South Pacific School of Law. Retrieved 4 March 2010.  ^ "Secretary Clinton:Travel to the Cook Islands, Indonesia, China, Timor-Leste, Brunai, and Russia". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 4 September 2012.  ^ Richter, Paul (29 August 2012). "Hillary Clinton's visit underscores new value of Cook Islands". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 29 August 2012.  ^ "State Sponsored Homophobia 2016: A world survey of sexual orientation laws: criminalisation, protection and recognition" (PDF). International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. 17 May 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016.  ^ Larmour, Peter and Barcham, Manuhuia. Cook Islands
Cook Islands
2004, Transparency International
Transparency International
Country Study Report. ^ " Rarotonga
Rarotonga
Local Government (Repeal) Bill To Be Tabled, Cook Islands Government". Cook-islands.gov.ck. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2013.  ^ Minister asked to answer queries over abolition of Vaka Councils. The Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Herald, No. 393 (9 February 2008) ^ "Demographic Yearbook, Population by age, sex and urban/rural residence: latest available year, 2005–2014" (PDF). UN Data. United Nations. Retrieved 4 December 2015.  ^ " United Nations
United Nations
Statistics Division – Demographic and Social Statistics". Unstats.un.org. Retrieved 2016-12-31.  ^ Polynesia
Polynesia
French Business Law Handbook: Strategic Information and Laws ISBN 1-4387-7081-2 p. 130 ^ a b c d e Wayne, Leslie (14 December 2013). "Cook Islands, a Paradise of Untouchable Assets". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 December 2013.  ^ Rosen, Howard; Donlevy-Rosen, Patricia. "Review of Offshore Jurisdictions: Cook Islands". The Asset Protection News.  ^ "Standing male figure – Google Arts & Culture". Google.com. Retrieved 2016-12-31.  ^ "Lords of the Dance : Culture of the Cook Islands". Ck. 2013-11-12. Retrieved 2016-12-31.  ^ "Lords of the Dance : Culture of the Cook Islands". Ck. 2013-11-12. Retrieved 2016-12-31.  ^ " Tivaevae
Tivaevae
– Quilts of the Cook Islands". Ck. 2004-07-15. Retrieved 2016-12-31.  ^ "The Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Arts Community". Cookislandsarts.com. Retrieved 2016-04-08.  ^ "BCA Gallery, Beachcomber Art, Rarotonga
Rarotonga
Art, Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Art, Pacifc Art, South Pacific Art". Gallerybca.com. Retrieved 2016-12-31.  ^ "Ian George – Tautai – Guiding Pacific Artstautai – Guiding Pacific Arts". TAUTAI. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 2016-12-31.  ^ " Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Museum and Library Society Official Website of the Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Library & Museum Society". Cook-islands-library-museum.org. 1964-12-22. Retrieved 2016-12-31.  ^ " Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Wildlife". Govisitcookislands.com. [permanent dead link] ^ " Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Biodiversity: Rattus rattus – Ship Rat". Cookislands.bishopmuseum.org. Retrieved 18 November 2011.  ^ " Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Biodiversity: Rattus exulans – Pacific Rat". Cookislands.bishopmuseum.org. Retrieved 18 November 2011.  ^ " Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Biodiversity: The Status of Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Birds – 1996". Cookislands.bishopmuseum.org. 24 September 2005. Retrieved 18 November 2011.  ^ "BirdLife International: Rimatara
Rimatara
Lorikeet (Vini kuhlii) at". Birdlife.org. Retrieved 18 November 2011.  ^ " Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Financial Strife". We Are Rugby. Archived from the original on 6 December 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

Gilson, Richard. The Cook Islands
Cook Islands
1820–1950. Wellington, New Zealand: Victoria University Press, 1980. ISBN 0-7055-0735-1

External links[edit]

Find more aboutCook Islandsat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity

Official website Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Government Chief of State and Cabinet Members "Cook Islands". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.  Cook Islands
Cook Islands
from UCB Libraries GovPubs Cook Islands
Cook Islands
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

v t e

Cook Islands articles

History

James Cook Kingdom of Rarotonga Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Federation Free association

Geography

Administrative divisions Climate Lakes Rivers Towns and villages

Politics

Cabinet Chiefs Elections Foreign relations House of Ariki International recognition Monarchy Parliament Political parties Prime Minister Queen's Representative

Economy

Telecommunications Transport

airports

Society

Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Māori Culture of the Cook Islands Demographics Education Literature Music Permanent residency People Public holidays Sports

Symbols

Anthem Coat of arms Flag

Outline Index

Category Portal

Geographic locale

v t e

Realm of New Zealand

 Cook Islands  New Zealand  Niue Ross Dependency  Tokelau

v t e

Polynesia

Polynesian triangle

Cook Islands Easter Island French Polynesia

Austral Islands Gambier Islands Marquesas Islands Society Islands Tuamotus

Hawaiian Islands New Zealand Niue Pitcairn Islands Rotuma Sala y Gómez Samoan Islands Tokelau Tonga Tuvalu Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna
Islands

Polynesian outliers

Aniwa Anuta Emae Futuna Kapingamarangi Loyalty Islands Mele Nuguria Nukumanu Nukuoro Ontong Java Ouvéa Pileni Rennell Sikaiana Takuu Tikopia

Polynesian-influenced

Lau Islands

v t e

Countries and territories of Oceania

Sovereign states

Entire

Australia Federated States of Micronesia Fiji Kiribati Marshall Islands Nauru New Zealand Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu

In part

Chile

Easter Island Juan Fernández Islands

Indonesia

West Papua Papua

Japan

Bonin Islands Minami-Tori-Shima

United States

Hawaii Palmyra Atoll

Associated states of New Zealand

Niue Cook Islands

Dependencies and other territories

Australia

Ashmore and Cartier Islands Coral Sea Islands Norfolk Island

United States

American Samoa Baker Island Guam Howland Island Jarvis Island Johnston Atoll Kingman Reef Midway Atoll Northern Mariana Islands Wake Island

New Zealand

Tokelau

France

French Polynesia New Caledonia Wallis and Futuna

United Kingdom

Pitcairn Islands

v t e

Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
(PIF)

Members

Australia Cook Islands Fiji Kiribati Marshall Islands Micronesia Nauru New Zealand Niue Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu

Associate members

French Polynesia New Caledonia

Observers

Commonwealth of Nations East Timor Tokelau United Nations Wallis and Futuna Guam American Samoa Northern Mariana Islands Asian Development Bank Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC)

Dialogue partners

Canada China Cuba European Union France India Indonesia Italy Japan Korea Malaysia Philippines Spain Thailand Turkey United Kingdom United States

Meetings

45th

v t e

Culture of indigenous Oceania

List of resources about traditional arts and culture of Oceania

Art

Ahu Australia Austronesia Cook Islands Hawaiʻi kapa (Hawaiʻi) Lei magimagi moai New Zealand

Māori

nguzu nguzu Oceania Papua New Guinea reimiro tā moko tabua ta'ovala tapa ["masi" (Fiji), "ngatu" (Tonga), "siapo" (Sāmoa), " ʻuha" (Rotuma)] tattoo tēfui tivaevae

Broad culture

areca nut kava, " ʻawa" (Hawaii), "yaqona" (Fiji), or "sakau" (Pohnpei) Kava
Kava
culture Lapita Māori Polynesia Polynesian navigation Sāmoa 'ava ceremony wood carving

Geo-specific, general

Australia

Australian Aboriginal astronomy)

Austronesia Caroline Islands, -Pwo Chatham Islands Cook Islands Easter Island Fiji

Lau Islands traditions and ceremonies

Guam Hawaiʻi

Lomilomi massage

Kiribati French Polynesia's Marquesas Islands Marshall Islands

Stick charts of

Federated States of Micronesia Nauru New Caledonia New Zealand Niue Norfolk Island Palau Papua New Guinea Pitcairn Islands Sāmoa Solomon Islands Tonga Torres Strait Islands Tuvalu Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna Yap

navigation Weriyeng navigation school

Canoes

Aboriginal Dugout Alingano Maisu Bangka Drua Dugout (boat) Hawaiʻiloa Hōkūleʻa Kaep Karakoa Malia (Hawaiian) Māori migration Outrigger Paraw Polynesian sailing Proa Vinta Waka

list

Walap

Dance

'Aparima cibi fara fire dancing firewalking haka hivinau hula kailao kapa haka Kiribati meke 'ote'a pa'o'a poi Rotuma siva Tahiti tāmūrē tautoga Tonga 'upa'upa

Festivals

Australia

Garma Festival

Hawaiʻi

Aloha Festivals Merrie Monarch Festival World Invitational Hula
Hula
Festival

Fiji New Zealand

Pasifika Festival

The Pacific Community

Festival of Pacific Arts

Papua New Guinea

Languages

by area

v t e

Languages of Oceania

Sovereign states

Australia Federated States of Micronesia Fiji Kiribati Marshall Islands Nauru New Zealand Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu

Associated states of New Zealand

Cook Islands Niue

Dependencies and other territories

American Samoa Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Easter Island French Polynesia Guam Hawaii New Caledonia Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Pitcairn Islands Tokelau Wallis and Futuna

by category

Languages of Oceania

Literature

v t e

Literature of Oceania

Sovereign states

Australia Federated States of Micronesia Fiji Kiribati Marshall Islands Nauru New Zealand Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu

Associated states of New Zealand

Cook Islands Niue

Dependencies and other territories

American Samoa Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Easter Island French Polynesia Guam Hawaii New Caledonia Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Pitcairn Islands Tokelau Wallis and Futuna

Music

Austral Islands
Austral Islands
(French Polynesia) Australia Austronesia Cook Islands Easter Island Fiji Guam Hawaiʻi Kiribati Lali Melanesia Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia Nauru New Caledonia New Zealand

Māori

Niue Northern Mariana Islands Palau Papua New Guinea Polynesia Sāmoa Slit drum Solomon Islands Tahiti Tokelau Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna

Mythology

Australian Aboriginal Fijian Hawaiian Mangarevan Maohi Māori Melanesian Menehune Micronesian Oceanian legendary creatures Polynesian Rapa Nui Samoan Tuvaluan Vanuatuan

Research

Asian American and Pacific Islander Policy Research Consortium Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies

People

Indigneous Australian Austronesian Bajau Chamorro Chatham Islander (Moriori or Rekohu) Fijian (iTaukei) Igorot Hawaiian (kānaka maoli) Māori Marshallese Melanesian Micronesian Negrito Norfolk Islander Papuan Polynesian Indigenous Polynesian (Mā’ohi) Rapa Nui Rotuman Ryukyuan Samoan (Tagata Māo‘i) Tahitian Taiwanese aborigines Tongan Torres Strait Islander Yami

Religion

v t e

Religion in Oceania

Sovereign states

Australia Federated States of Micronesia Fiji Kiribati Marshall Islands Nauru New Zealand Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu

Associated states of New Zealand

Cook Islands Niue

Dependencies and other territories

American Samoa Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Easter Island French Polynesia Guam Hawaii New Caledonia Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Pitcairn Islands Tokelau Wallis and Futuna

Not included: Oceanian: cinema, (indigenous) currency, dress, folkore, cuisine. Also see Category:Oceanian culture.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 142437319 GND: 42302

.