The RIVER CONWY (Welsh pronunciation: ; Welsh : Afon Conwy) is a
river in north
The name 'Conwy' derives from the old Welsh words 'cyn' (chief) and 'gwy' (water), the river being originally called the 'Cynwy'.
It rises on the
TRIBUTARIES OF THE RIVER CONWY
NAMED TRIBUTARIES OF THE CONWY (AND THEIR TRIBUTARIES)
listed from source to sea -
Conwy is bounded to the east by the rolling ancient mudstone
hills of the
Silurian period, the
To the west, the catchment is underlain by older Cambrian rocks which are harder and the landscape is, as a consequence, more dramatic with high craggy hills and mountains through which the river falls in cascades and waterfalls . Excellent examples of torrential river geomorphology can be seen at Conwy Falls and in the Lledr Gorge. The land to the East is highly forested with planted non-native conifers.
On the western side of the valley are a number of lakes and reservoirs . The rocks are also rich in minerals and there are many abandoned mine sites where copper , lead and silver have been mined since Roman times.
The river valley down-stream of
Aber Afon Conwy is a site of special interest. It has acquired such a status due to its marine and terrestrial biology. The tidal reach of the site reaches around 16 kilometres. Its upstream boundary is south of Tal y Cafn, and the whole site encompasses Conwy Bay. The shoreline is supported by natural rock, in addition to boulder clay cliff, sand dune, salt marsh and woodland.
CULTURE AND HISTORY
The scattered communities along the
Conwy valley have ancient
traditions with archeological evidence of habitation back to the Stone
Age . The Romans occupied this area up to 400 AD and there has been
continuous habitation since that time. The valley is home to two of
the oldest churches in
Much of the
Conwy valley was laid waste in the
Wars of the Roses by
Earl of Pembroke
At the mouth of the
Conwy as it discharges into
Conwy Bay is the town
Conwy with its
World Heritage Site castle —
The Conwy is noted for its salmon and sea trout although increasing acidification in the second half of the 20th century, especially in the poorly buffered upland waters has significantly impacted upon their spawning success. The construction of an artificial fish pass in the 1990s to allow migratory salmonids access to the river above Conwy falls was intended to help mitigate the effects of acidification.
The Conwy Crossing, an immersed tube tunnel was built under the estuary during the late 1980s and early 1990s. It was opened by the Queen in October 1991. This resulted in the loss of some saltmarsh but also led to the creation of Conwy RSPB Reserve .
Since 2002 the valley has been overlooked by the turbines of the Moel Maelogan wind farm .