HOME
The Info List - Conwy


--- Advertisement ---



Conwy
Conwy
(Welsh pronunciation: [ˈkɔnʊɪ̯] (south), Welsh pronunciation: ['kɔnwi] (north); traditionally known in English as Conway) is a walled market town and community in Conwy
Conwy
County Borough on the north coast of Wales. The town, which faces Deganwy across the River Conwy, formerly lay in Gwynedd
Gwynedd
and prior to that in Caernarfonshire. The community, which includes Deganwy
Deganwy
and Llandudno Junction, had a population of 14,208 at the 2001 census,[1] and is a popular tourist destination. The population rose to 14,753 at the 2011 census.[2] In the 2015 census “The size of the resident population in Conwy County Borough
Conwy County Borough
on the 30th June 2015 was estimated to be 116,200 people.”[3] The town itself has a population of 4,065.[4] The name 'Conwy' derives from the old Welsh words 'cyn' (chief) and 'gwy' (water), the river being originally called the 'Cynwy'.[5][6][7][8]

Contents

1 Notable structures

1.1 Castle and town walls 1.2 Abbey 1.3 Suspension bridge 1.4 Railway bridge 1.5 Aberconwy House 1.6 Plas Mawr 1.7 Smallest house in Great Britain 1.8 Medieval watchtower

2 Notable locations 3 Lifeboat 4 Governance 5 References 6 Gallery 7 External links

Notable structures[edit]

"Castle and suspension bridge", ca. 1890 - 1900.

Castle and town walls[edit]

A view of the original walled town, viewed from one of the towers of Conwy
Conwy
Castle.

Conwy Castle
Conwy Castle
and the town walls were built, on the instruction of Edward I of England, between 1283 and 1289, as part of his conquest of the principality of Wales.[9] The church standing in Conwy
Conwy
has been marked as the oldest building in Conwy
Conwy
and has stood in the walls of Conwy
Conwy
since the 14th century. However, the oldest structure is part of the town walls, at the southern end of the east side. Here one wall and the tower of Llewellyn the Great's Llys [court house] have been incorporated into the wall. Built on a rocky outcrop, with an apsidal tower, it is a classic, native, Welsh build and stands out from the rest of the town walls, due to the presence of four window openings. It dates from the early 13th century and is the most complete remnant of any of his Llys. People born within the town walls of Conwy
Conwy
in north Wales
Wales
are nicknamed "Jackdaws", after the jackdaws which live on the walls there. A Jackdaw Society existed until 2011.[10][11] Abbey[edit] Conwy
Conwy
was the original site of Aberconwy Abbey, founded by Llywelyn the Great. Edward and his troops took over the abbey site and moved the monks down the Conwy
Conwy
valley to a new site at Maenan, establishing Maenan
Maenan
Abbey.[12] The parish church still retains some parts of the original abbey church in the east and west walls. English settlers were given incentives to move to the walled garrison town, which for decades the Welsh were forbidden from entering. Suspension bridge[edit] Conwy
Conwy
has other tourist attractions that help draw visitors to the town. Conwy
Conwy
Suspension Bridge, designed by Thomas Telford
Thomas Telford
to replace the ferry, was completed in 1826 and spans the River Conwy
River Conwy
next to the castle.[13] Telford designed the bridge's supporting towers to match the castle's turrets. The bridge is now open to pedestrians only and, together with the toll-keeper's house, is in the care of the National Trust. Railway bridge[edit] The Conwy
Conwy
Railway Bridge, a Tubular bridge, was built for the Chester and Holyhead Railway by Robert Stephenson. The first tube was completed in 1848, the second in 1849.[14] The bridge is still in use on the North Wales
Wales
Coast Line, along with the station, which is located within the town walls. In addition to a modern bridge serving the town, the A55 road
A55 road
passes under the river by a tunnel, Britain's first immersed tube tunnel, which was built between 1986 and 1991.[15] The old mountain road to Dwygyfylchi
Dwygyfylchi
and Penmaenmawr
Penmaenmawr
runs through the Sychnant Pass, at the foot of Conwy
Conwy
Mountain.

Conwy
Conwy
Town Walls

Aberconwy House[edit] The National Trust also owns Aberconwy House, which is Conwy's only surviving 14th-century merchant's house, one of the first buildings built inside the walls of Conwy.[16] Plas Mawr[edit] Another fine house open to the public is Plas Mawr, an Elizabethan house built in 1576 by the Wynn family, which has been extensively refurbished to its original 16th-century appearance and is now in the care of Cadw.[17] Smallest house in Great Britain[edit]

The smallest house in Britain.

The house named in the Guinness Book of Records
Guinness Book of Records
as The Smallest House in Great Britain, with dimensions of 3.05 metres x 1.8 metres, can be found on the quay. It was in continuous occupation from the 16th century (and was even inhabited by a family at one point) until 1900 when the owner (a 6-foot (1.8 m) fisherman – Robert Jones) was forced to move out on the grounds of hygiene. The rooms were too small for him to stand up in fully. The house is still owned by his descendants today, and you can go on a tour around it for a small charge. Medieval watchtower[edit] Across the estuary is Bodysgallen Hall, which incorporates a medieval tower that was possibly built as a watch tower for Conwy
Conwy
Castle.[18] Notable locations[edit] Conwy
Conwy
Morfa, a marshy spit of land on the west side of the estuary, was probably the location where golf was first played on Welsh soil.[19] It was also the place where Hugh Iorys Hughes developed, and later built, the floating Mulberry Harbour, used in Operation Overlord in World War II.[20] Lifeboat[edit] A lifeboat station was established by the RNLI
RNLI
in 1966 and currently operates the D-class inshore lifeboat The May Bob.[21] Governance[edit] A Conwy
Conwy
electoral ward exists for elections to Conwy
Conwy
County Borough Council. The ward extends west of the River Conwy
River Conwy
only with a total population of 4,065.[22] The other county wards within the Conwy community are Deganwy, Marl and Pensarn. Conwy
Conwy
also has a town council, comprising 17 town councillors elected from the five community wards of Aberconwy, Castle, Deganwy, Marl and Pensarn.[23] References[edit]

^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Conwy ^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 21 May 2015.  ^ [1] ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 21 May 2015.  ^ Llandudno: its history and natural history, 1861, Richard Parry ^ A guide through North Wales, 1860, William Cathrall & Andrew Crombie Ramsay ^ Transactions, 1822, Cymmrodorion society ^ The pedestrian's guide through North Wales, 1838, George John Bennett ^ " Conwy Castle
Conwy Castle
Facts and Information". History for Kids.  ^ "Joining the Jackdaws". BBC Northwest Wales. September 2009. Retrieved 4 April 2012.  ^ Evans, Kath (11 March 2011). "Jackdaw Society for those Born within Conwy
Conwy
Walls Folds". BBC Northwest Wales. Retrieved 4 April 2012.  ^ "Aberconwy Abbey". Ein Treftadaeth (Our Heritage). Retrieved 27 January 2017.  ^ " Conwy
Conwy
Suspension Bridge". Engineering Timelines. Retrieved 27 January 2017.  ^ " Conwy
Conwy
Tubular Bridge". Engineering Timelines. Retrieved 27 January 2017.  ^ " Conwy
Conwy
Immersed Tube Tunnel". Engineering Timelines. Retrieved 28 January 2017.  ^ "Aberconwy House". National Trust Collections. Retrieved 28 January 2017.  ^ Plas Mawr
Plas Mawr
website ^ "History". Bodysgallen Hall
Bodysgallen Hall
& Spa. Retrieved 28 January 2017.  ^ "History". Conwy
Conwy
Golf Club. Retrieved 28 January 2017.  ^ "Engineer Biography: Hugh Iorys Hughes". Engineering Timelines. Retrieved 28 January 2017.  ^ "RNLI: Conwy". Retrieved 16 February 2016.  ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 21 May 2015.  ^ "About Cyngor Tref Conwy
Conwy
Town Council". Cyngor Tref Conwy
Conwy
Town Council. Retrieved 17 March 2018. 

Gallery[edit] Images showing changes over time

Conwy
Conwy
castle before the bridge was built, 1795

Conway Town and Castle, 1800

'Conway Castle: from the wood opposite', 1823

Conwy
Conwy
Castle, 1838

Conway Bridge and Castle ca 1840

The river bank at Conwy
Conwy
with the castle and bridge in the background ca 1850

Conway c.1850

'Conway Bridge & Castle' ca 1850

Map of Conwy
Conwy
from 1947

Conwy Castle
Conwy Castle
- bridge view 2007

Conwy
Conwy
bridges in 2012

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Conwy
Conwy
(town).

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Conwy.

A Vision of Britain Through Time British Listed Buildings Conwy
Conwy
River Festival Conwy
Conwy
Town Tourism Association Genuki Geograph International Database and Gallery of Structures Office for National Statistics The Sychnant Pass Welcome to Conwy

v t e

Conwy
Conwy
County Borough

Principal settlements

Abergele Colwyn Bay Conwy Deganwy Kinmel Bay Llandudno Llandudno
Llandudno
Junction Llanfairfechan Llanrwst Old Colwyn Penmaenmawr Penrhyn Bay

Other towns and villages

Betws yn Rhos Betws-y-Coed Bylchau Caerhun Capel Curig Capel Garmon Cerrigydrudion Craig-y-Don Dinmael Dolgarrog Dolwyddelan Eglwysbach Glan Conwy Henryd Llanbedr-y-Cennin Llanddoged Llanddulas Llanfair Talhaiarn Llanfihangel Glyn Myfyr Llangernyw Llangwm Llannefydd Llanrhychwyn Llansannan Llysfaen Maenan Melin-y-Coed Mochdre Pandy Tudur Penmachno Pentrefoelas Rhos-on-Sea Rowen Tal-y-bont Tal-y-Cafn Trefriw Towyn Ysbyty Ifan

Communities

Abergele Betws-y-Coed Betws yn Rhos Bro Garmon Bro Machno Caerhun Capel Curig Cerrigydrudion Colwyn Bay Conwy Dolgarrog Dolwyddelan Eglwysbach Henryd Kinmel Bay
Kinmel Bay
and Towyn Llanddoged
Llanddoged
and Maenan Llanddulas
Llanddulas
and Rhyd-y-foel Llandudno Llanfair Talhaiarn Llanfairfechan Llanfihangel Glyn Myfyr Llangernyw Llangwm Llannefydd Llanrwst Llansanffraid Glan Conwy Llansannan Llysfaen Mochdre Old Colwyn Penmaenmawr Pentrefoelas Rhos on Sea Trefriw Ysbyty Ifan

Rivers

River Conwy River Crafnant River Geirionydd River Lledr River Llugwy River Machno Afon Ddu Afon Ddu (Drum) Afon Dulyn Afon Eigiau Afon Lloer Afon Melynllyn Afon Porth-llwyd Afon Roe Afon Tafolog

Castles and forts

Canovium Conwy
Conwy
Castle Deganwy
Deganwy
Castle Dolwyddelan
Dolwyddelan
Castle Gwrych Castle Gwydir Castle Pen y Gaer

Headlands

Great Orme Little Orme Penmaenmawr

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Places Schools Country houses SSSIs Scheduled Monuments Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Museums

v t e

Conwy
Conwy
Valley

Towns

Llanrwst Conwy

Other settlements

Betws-y-Coed Caerhun Dolgarrog Eglwysbach Glan Conwy Henryd Llanbedr-y-Cennin Llanddoged Llangelynnin Llanrhychwyn Maenan Rowen, Conwy Tal-y-bont Tal-y-Cafn Trefriw Tyn-y-groes

Rivers & streams

Afon Conwy Afon Crafnant Afon Geirionydd Afon Hiraethlyn Afon Machno Afon Lledr Afon Llugwy Afon Gallt y Gwg Nant y Goron Afon Ddu (1) Afon Porth-llwyd Afon Dulyn Afon Ddu (2) Afon Garreg-wen Ffrwd Cerriguniawn Afon Melynllyn Afon Roe Afon Tafolog Afon Gyffin

Lakes

Llyn Crafnant Llyn Elsi Llyn Geirionydd Llyn Parc

Waterfalls

Conwy
Conwy
Falls Grey Mare's Tail Fairy Falls

Hills & mountains

Mynydd y Dref Tal y Fan Bwlch-y-Ddeufaen Cefn Cyfarwydd Mynydd Hiraethog

Castles & forts

Canovium Conwy
Conwy
Castle Gwydir Castle Pen y Gaer

Bridges

Conwy
Conwy
Suspension Bridge Pont Fawr (Llanrwst) Tal-y-Cafn
Tal-y-Cafn
Bridge Waterloo Bridge (Betws-y-coed)

Other features

Bodnant Garden Cadair Ifan Goch Conwy
Conwy
RSPB reserve Gwydir Forest Klondyke mill Moel Maelogan Snowdonia National Park Surf Snowdonia Trefriw
Trefriw
Woollen Mills

Transport

A470 B5106 Conwy Valley
Conwy Valley
line

Railway stations

Betws-y-Coed
Betws-y-Coed
railway station Dolgarrog
Dolgarrog
railway station Glan Conwy
Glan Conwy
railway station Llanrwst
Llanrwst
railway station North Llanrwst
Llanrwst
railway station Tal-y-Ca

.