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The Convair
Convair
CV-240 is an American airliner produced by Convair
Convair
from 1947 to 1954, initially as a possible replacement of the ubiquitous Douglas DC-3. Featuring a more modern design with cabin pressurization, the 240 series was able to make some inroads as a commercial airliner and also had a long development cycle which resulted in various civil and military variants. Although reduced in numbers through attrition, the "Convairliners" in various forms continue to fly into the 21st century.[1]

Contents

1 Design and development 2 Operational history 3 Variants

3.1 Civil variants 3.2 Military variants

4 Operators

4.1 Civil operators

4.1.1 Africa 4.1.2 Asia 4.1.3 Australasia 4.1.4 Europe 4.1.5 United States
United States
and Canada 4.1.6 Mexico, the Caribbean, Central and South America

4.2 Military operators 4.3 Other operators

5 Accidents and incidents 6 Specifications (CV-240) 7 See also 8 References

8.1 Notes 8.2 Bibliography

9 External links

Design and development[edit] The design began its life in a requirement by American Airlines
American Airlines
for an airliner to replace its Douglas DC-3s. Convair's original design, the unpressurised Model 110, was a twin-engine, low-wing monoplane of all-metal construction, with 30 seats. It was powered by Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp radial engines and had a tricycle landing gear and a ventral airstair for passenger boarding.[2] The prototype Model 110, registration NX90653, first flew on July 8, 1946.[2] By this time, American had changed its requirements to require pressurization and deemed the design too small. The first prototype was used by Convair
Convair
for development work for the 240 series before being broken up in 1947.[3]

A 1949-built Convair
Convair
240 of Swissair
Swissair
at Manchester, England, in March 1950

To meet the requirements of airlines for a pressurized airliner, Convair
Convair
produced a revised design—the Model 240. This had a longer but thinner fuselage than the Model 110, accommodating 40 passengers in the first pressurized, twin-engined airliner.[4] The 240 first flew on March 16, 1947.[5] The Model 240 was followed by the Model 340 that had a longer fuselage, longer-span wings and more powerful engines. The 340 first flew on October 5, 1951.[6] In 1954, in an attempt to compete with turboprop-powered airliners like the Vickers Viscount, Convair produced the Model 440 Metropolitan, with more streamlined cowlings, new engine exhausts, and better soundproofing for the cabin.[7] As the "Super 240" evolved into the CV-340 and CV-440, the limit of piston-engine performance was reached, and future development centered on conversion to turboprop power.[1] Operational history[edit] The first delivery of a production Convairliner was to American on February 29, 1948.[5] A total of 75 were delivered to American, with another 50 going to Western Airlines, Continental Airlines, Pan American Airways, KLM, Swissair, Sabena, and Trans Australia Airlines.[8]

Two Convair
Convair
580s of the Aspen, Colorado-based Aspen Airways
Aspen Airways
at Stapleton International Airport
Stapleton International Airport
in Denver, US in 1986

A CV-240 was the first private aircraft used in a United States presidential campaign. In 1960, John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
used a CV-240 named Caroline (after his daughter) during his campaign. This aircraft is now preserved in the National Air and Space Museum. After aborted negotiations with TWA and Eastern for "Super 240" orders, the production of the 240 series was temporarily halted. In response to a United inquiry, Convair
Convair
redesigned the Super 240, calling it the CV-340. United ordered 55, and more US orders came from Braniff, Continental, Delta, Northeast and National. Other orders came from abroad, and the CV-340 proved popular in South America. The CV-340 earned an enviable reputation for reliability and profitability, and was developed into the CV-440 Metropolitan, the final piston-engined variant of the "Convairliners."[1] Kelowna Flightcraft Air Charter, the major remaining operator of this model, currently holds the type certificate for this aircraft. Used price for a Convair
Convair
240 in 1960 was around £40,000.[9] Variants[edit] Data from: General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Aircraft and their predecessors[1] Civil variants[edit]

Convair
Convair
340 of KLM
KLM
landing at Manchester
Manchester
(Ringway) Airport in 1954

Convair
Convair
440 Metropolitan of Lufthansa
Lufthansa
at Copenhagen (Kastrup) Airport in 1968

Convair
Convair
580 operated by the Australian arm of New Zealand airline Pionair. This example was converted from a CV-340

Convair
Convair
640F freighter of Kitty Hawk Aircargo
Kitty Hawk Aircargo
converted with Rolls-Royce Dart
Rolls-Royce Dart
turboprop engines

Convair
Convair
Model 110 Unpressurized prototype with seats for 30 passengers. 89 ft (27.13 m) wingspan, 71 ft (21.64 m) length, powered by two 2,100 hp (1,567 kW) Pratt & Whitney R-2800-SC13G engines. One built.[2] Convair
Convair
CV-240 Initial production version. Powered by two Pratt & Whitney R-2800 engines. In 1977, a CV-240 was involved in an accident that killed three members and the manager of the rock group Lynyrd Skynyrd.[10]

Convair
Convair
CV-240-21 Turboliner

Turboprop-powered conversion fitted with Allison T38
Allison T38
engines. It became the first turboprop airliner to fly in the United States
United States
(on December 29, 1950), but problems with the engines resulted in development being terminated and the prototype being converted back to piston power. Convair
Convair
CV-300 A conversion from a Convair
Convair
CV-240 with two R-2800 CB-17 engines and nacelles as used on the CV-340.[11] Convair
Convair
CV-340 Built for United Airlines
United Airlines
and other operators including KLM, the CV-340 was a CV-240 lengthened to hold an additional four seats. The wingspan was extended for better performance at higher altitudes. The CV-340 replaced the DC-3 in United service. The airline flew 52 340s for 16 years without a fatality. KLM
KLM
operated the type from early 1953 until mid-1963. Many CV-340 aircraft were converted to CV-440 standard.[12] Convair
Convair
CV-440 Metropolitan CV-340 with improved soundproofing and an option for weather radar. Maximum weight rose to 49,700 lbs. An optional increase from 44 to 52 passengers was facilitated by the replacement of the carry-on luggage area with two more rows of seats, marked by the addition of an extra cabin window. This option was taken up by several airlines including Swissair, Lufthansa
Lufthansa
and SAS.[12] Finnair
Finnair
operated the type from 1953 until 1980 without a single accident. Convair
Convair
CV-540 Conversion from a Convair
Convair
CV-340 aircraft with two Napier Eland turboprop engines in place of the piston engines. Six aircraft were converted by Napier for Allegheny Airlines.[13] Cost for the conversions was £160,000 per-aircraft. 12 built as new-builds by Canadair
Canadair
for RCAF
RCAF
as CC-109 in 1960 for £436,000 per-aircraft. First flight February 9, 1955.[14] Convair
Convair
CV-580 Conversion from Convair
Convair
CV-340 (Allison Prop-Jet Convair
Convair
340) or CV-440 aircraft with two Allison 501
Allison 501
D13D/H turboprop engines with four-blade propellers, in place of piston engines with three-blade propellers, an enlarged vertical fin and modified horizontal stabilizers. The conversions were performed by Pacific Airmotive
Pacific Airmotive
on behalf of the Allison Engine Company.[13] Cost of the conversions was around £175,000 per aircraft and took 60 days.[9] The CV-580 served with the original Frontier Airlines (1950-1986)
Frontier Airlines (1950-1986)
and North Central Airlines for many years and was also the first aircraft type operated by American Eagle on behalf of American Airlines
American Airlines
in code sharing feeder service. Convair
Convair
CV-580 Airtanker Firefighting airtanker conversions with retardant tanks and dropping systems. Convair
Convair
CV-600 Conversion from a Convair
Convair
240 aircraft with Rolls-Royce Dart
Rolls-Royce Dart
turboprop engines with four-blade propellers, in place of piston engines with three-blade propellers. CV-600 conversions were performed by Convair.[13] The CV-600 first flew with Central Airlines
Central Airlines
on 30 November 1965 and also served with Trans-Texas Airways
Trans-Texas Airways
(TTa) and successor Texas International Airlines
Texas International Airlines
for many years. The CV-600 aircraft that flew with Air Metro Airways was configured as a 40-passenger airliner. In 2012 the last Convair
Convair
CV-600 (Rhoades Aviation) went out of service.[15] Convair
Convair
CV-640 Conversion from a Convair
Convair
CV-340 or -440 with Rolls-Royce Dart turboprop engines with four-blade propellers, in place of piston engines with three-blade propellers. The conversions were performed by Convair.[13] In 2012, a total of seven Convair
Convair
CV-640 aircraft remained in airline service, with Rhoades Aviation (one) and C&M Airways (six).[15] Convair
Convair
CV-5800

A stretched Convair
Convair
CV-5800 of IFL Group

Conversion from former US Navy
US Navy
C-131F Samaritans by Kelowna Flightcraft Ltd. (KF Aerospace since 2015) in Canada. The CV-5800 is a C-131F Samaritan stretched by 16 ft 7 in (4,98 m)[16] with the Samaritan's original tail unit rather than the enlarged tail of the CV-580. These conversions also have a new freight door, digital avionics with EFIS
EFIS
and Allison 501-D22G engines in place of the original R-2800 engines. The prototype of this conversion first flew on February 11, 1992; the type certificate was issued on December 11, 1993.[17] A total of six aircraft were converted (construction numbers 276 to 279, 309, 343) and mostly used by Contract Air Cargo
Contract Air Cargo
(later IFL Group); one aircraft later operated by Air Freight NZ
Air Freight NZ
was then returned to KF Aerospace for operation in their own fleet.[18][19] Allison Turbine ATF 580S Turbo Flagship Stretched Convairliner conversion.[20]

Military variants[edit]

Convair
Convair
C-131 Samaritan The CV-240/340/440 series was used by the United States Air Force
United States Air Force
for medical evacuation and VIP under this designation Convair
Convair
T-29 trainer A trainer model of the C-131 was used to instruct navigators and radio operators Convair
Convair
R4Y Samaritan The United States Navy
United States Navy
used the Samaritan under this designation Canadair
Canadair
CC-109 Cosmopolitan Conversion from CV-440, with Napier Eland
Napier Eland
turboprops in place of the piston engines. The conversions were performed in Canada
Canada
by Canadair. In Royal Canadian Air Force
Royal Canadian Air Force
and later in Canadian Armed Forces service they were known as the CC-109 Cosmopolitan. All were re-engined in 1966 with Allison 501-D13 engines. Canadair
Canadair
CL-66 Company designation for the CC-109 Eland powered variant

Operators[edit] Civil operators[edit]

KLM
KLM
Convair
Convair
CV-240

A Convair
Convair
580 freighter operated by the IFL Group

A Nolinor Convair
Convair
580 landing at Vancouver International Airport

An Air Chathams
Air Chathams
Convair
Convair
580 at Tuuta Airport, Chatham Islands in September 2003

Two North Central CV-580 at Chicago Airport in 1973.

This transport-related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

Africa[edit]

Air Algerie
Air Algerie
CV-640 Ethiopian Air Lines[citation needed] - CV-240 Kardair (Libya) CV-440 Titan Helicopter Group (South Africa) - 3 CV 580 Regional Air
Regional Air
(South Africa - 2 CV 580)

Asia[edit]

Air Jordan
Air Jordan
- CV-240.[21] Air Maldives
Air Maldives
- CV-440 All Nippon Airways
All Nippon Airways
- CV-440.[22] Garuda Indonesia
Garuda Indonesia
- CV-240, CV-340 & CV-440 Iran Air[citation needed] - CV-240 Japan Domestic Airlines - CV-240 Orient Airways
Orient Airways
CV-240 Pakistan International Airlines[citation needed] - CV-240 Philippine Airlines
Philippine Airlines
- CV-340 (1950s–1960s) Saudi Arabian Airlines[citation needed] - CV-340 Toa Airways

Australasia[edit]

Air Chathams
Air Chathams
- CV-580 (current operator) Air Fiji
Air Fiji
- CV-580 Air Freight NZ
Air Freight NZ
- CV-580 & CV-5800 Airlines of New South Wales
Airlines of New South Wales
- CV-440.[21] Airlines of South Australia
Airlines of South Australia
- CV-440.[21] Ansett Airlines - CV-340, CV-440 Chathams Pacific
Chathams Pacific
- CV-580 Pionair - CV-580 Real Tonga
Real Tonga
- CV-580 Trans Australia Airlines
Trans Australia Airlines
- CV-240

Europe[edit]

Aviaco
Aviaco
- CV-440.[23] Alitalia - Linee Aeree Italiane
Alitalia - Linee Aeree Italiane
- CV-240[citation needed], CV-340 & CV-440.[22] Condor
Condor
(& predecessor Deutsche Flugdienst) - CV-240[citation needed] & CV-440.[24] Delta Air Transport
Delta Air Transport
- CV-440 European Air Transport
European Air Transport
- CV-580 Finnair
Finnair
CV-340[25](converted to CV-440) & CV-440[25] Fred Olsen Air Transport - CV-340[26] General Air (Germany) - CV-440 JAT Yugoslav Airlines - CV-340 & CV-440 Iberia Airlines
Iberia Airlines
- Convair
Convair
CV-440.[24] Kar-Air
Kar-Air
CV-440 KLM
KLM
- CV-240 & CV-340 Linjeflyg
Linjeflyg
- CV-340 & CV-440 LOT Polish Airlines
LOT Polish Airlines
- CV-240 (5 in 1957–1966)[27] Lufthansa
Lufthansa
- CV-340 & CV-440 Martinair
Martinair
- CV-640 Mey-Air
Mey-Air
- CV-240 Nor-Fly Charter - CV-440 & CV-580 Pan Adria CV-440 Partnair
Partnair
- CV-580 Polaris Air Transport - CV-240 SABENA
SABENA
- CV-240 & CV-440 SAS - CV-440 SATA, SA de Transport Aérien - CV-440 & CV-640 Stellar Airfreighter (Norway) - CV-440 Swiftair
Swiftair
- CV-580 Swissair
Swissair
- CV-240 & CV-440 Tellair - CV-440

United States
United States
and Canada[edit]

Air Mid-America - CV-600 Air New England
Air New England
- CV-580 Air Ontario
Air Ontario
- CV-580 Air Rajneesh - CV-440 Air Resorts - CV-440 Air Tahoma
Air Tahoma
- CV-240 & CV-580 Allegheny Airlines
Allegheny Airlines
- CV-340, CV-440[citation needed], CV-540[22] & CV-580[citation needed] Alaska Airlines
Alaska Airlines
- CV-240 American Airlines
American Airlines
- CV-240.[22] American Eagle - See Metro Airlines American Inter-Island - CV-440 (wholly owned subsidiary of American Airlines which operated flights between San Juan, St. Thomas and St. Croix in the Caribbean) Aspen Airways
Aspen Airways
- CV-240, CV-440 & CV-580 Atlantic Gulf Airlines - CV-580 Bar Harbor Airlines
Bar Harbor Airlines
- CV-600 Braniff International Airways
Braniff International Airways
- CV-340 & CV-440.[23] Buffalo Airways
Buffalo Airways
- CV-240 bought for its engines, not put in service Cal Sierra Airlines - CV-580 Canadian Pacific Airlines
Canadian Pacific Airlines
- CV-240.[28] Caribair (Puerto Rico)
Caribair (Puerto Rico)
- CV-340, CV-440 & CV-640 Central Airlines
Central Airlines
- CV-240 & CV-600 Charter Airlines - CV-580 Cochise Airlines - CV-440 Conair Group
Conair Group
- CV-580 Continental Airlines
Continental Airlines
- CV-240 & CV-340 Continental Express
Continental Express
- CV-580 (operated by Trans- Colorado
Colorado
Airlines) Cordova Airlines - CV-240 (acquired by and merged into Alaska Airlines) Delta Air Lines
Delta Air Lines
- CV-340 & CV-440 Desert Air - CV-240 Eastern Air Lines
Eastern Air Lines
- CV-440 Era Aviation
Era Aviation
- CV-580 Executive Airlines
Executive Airlines
- CV-440 Freedom Airlines
Freedom Airlines
- CV-580 Frontier Airlines (1950-1986)
Frontier Airlines (1950-1986)
- CV-240, CV-340, CV-440, CV-580 & CV-600 (CV-600 aircraft formerly operated by Central Airlines) Great Lakes Airlines (Canada) - CV-440 & CV-580 Gulf Air Transport
Gulf Air Transport
- CV-340, CV-440 & CV-580 (U.S. charter air carrier. CV-580 aircraft were formerly operated by North Central and Republic.) Harrison Airways (Canada) - CV-440 Hawaiian Airlines
Hawaiian Airlines
- CV-340, CV-440 & CV-640 IFL Group - CV-580 & CV-5800 Kelowna Flightcraft Air Charter (KF Aerospace) - CV-580 & CV-5800 Kitty Hawk Aircargo
Kitty Hawk Aircargo
- Convair
Convair
CV-240, CV-340, CV-440, CV-600 and CV-640 L&J Company of Addison, Texas - CV-240 (aircraft tragically crashed with the band Lynyrd Skynyrd
Lynyrd Skynyrd
on board)[29] Lake Central Airlines
Central Airlines
- CV-340 & CV-580 Laredo Air - CV-580 Mackey Airlines
Mackey Airlines
(also known as Mackey International) - CV 440 & CV 580 Metro Airlines
Metro Airlines
(via its wholly owned Metroflight division) - CV-580 (former Frontier Airlines aircraft that were operated for American Eagle via agreement with American Airlines) Miami Air Lease - CV-440 Midwest Air Charter/ Airborne Express
Airborne Express
- CV-600 Mohawk Airlines
Mohawk Airlines
- CV-240 & CV-440 National Airlines - CV-340 & CV-440 Nolinor Aviation
Nolinor Aviation
- CV-580 Norcanair
Norcanair
- CV-580 & CV-640 Nordair
Nordair
( Nordair
Nordair
Metro division - CV-580 North Central Airlines
North Central Airlines
- CV-580 Northeast Airlines
Northeast Airlines
- CV-240 Northwest Airlines
Northwest Airlines
- CV-580 (former Republic Airlines aircraft that were previously operated by North Central Airlines) Pacific Western Airlines
Western Airlines
- CV-640 Pan American World Airways
Pan American World Airways
(Pan Am) - CV-240 & CV-340 Powell Air
Powell Air
- CV-440 Quebecair
Quebecair
- CV-540 (CL-66) Renown Aviation - CV-440 & CV-580 Republic Airlines - CV-580 (formerly operated by North Central Airlines) Resort Air Commuter - CV-580 Rhoades Aviation - CV-640 Sea Airmotive - CV-340, CV-440 & CV-580 Sierra Pacific Airlines
Sierra Pacific Airlines
- CV-340, CV-440 & CV-580 Skyfreighters - CV-440 SMB Stage Lines - CV-600 & CV-640 Summit Airlines - CV-580 Sun Valley Key Airlines
Key Airlines
- CV-440 (U.S. commuter air carrier previously known as Sun Valley Airlines that operated out of Salt Lake City, UT and Sun Valley, ID which then changed its name back to Key Airlines) Trans-Texas Airways
Trans-Texas Airways
(TTa) - CV-240 & CV-600 Texas International Airlines
Texas International Airlines
- CV-600 (former Trans-Texas Airways aircraft) Time Air
Time Air
- CV-580 & CV-640 (former Norcan Air and North Caribou, also one previously owned by Domino's Pizza) Trans- Colorado
Colorado
Airlines - CV-580 (aircraft painted in the livery of Continental Express) United Airlines
United Airlines
- CV-340 & CV-580 (CV-580 aircraft operated via wet lease contract by Frontier Airlines (1950-1986)
Frontier Airlines (1950-1986)
as the replacement for former United Douglas DC-6
Douglas DC-6
service to Elko, NV and Ely, NV) Viking International Airlines - CV-600 & CV-640 Westates Airlines - CV-580 Western Airlines
Western Airlines
- CV-240 Wright Airlines
Wright Airlines
- CV-440, CV-600 & CV-640 Zantop International Airlines
Zantop International Airlines
- Convair
Convair
640

Mexico, the Caribbean, Central and South America[edit]

Aero California
Aero California
- CV-340 Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
- CV-240[25] Aerolineas Colonia (Uruguay) - CV-240 Aeromexico
Aeromexico
- CV-340[25] Aeroquetzal
Aeroquetzal
- CV-580 ALM Antillean Airlines
ALM Antillean Airlines
- CV-340 & CV-440 ARCO Aerolíneas Colonia S.A. (Uruguay) - CV-240, CV-600 Avensa
Avensa
- CV-240, CV-340,[30] CV-580. Aviateca
Aviateca
- CV-240, CV-340 & CV-440 Caribair (Puerto Rico)
Caribair (Puerto Rico)
- see North America Chilean Airways - CV-580 COPA Compañia Panameña de Aviación - CV-340 Cruzeiro do Sul - CV-240, CV-340 & CV-440 LACSA
LACSA
- CV-440 Líneas Aéreas Paraguayas
Líneas Aéreas Paraguayas
(LAP) - 3 CV-240 LAN Chile
LAN Chile
- CV-440 Prinair
Prinair
- CV-580 Real Transportes Aéreos - CV-340 & CV-440 SAHSA
SAHSA
- CV-580 Transportes Aéreos Nacional - CV-440 VARIG
VARIG
- CV-240, CV-340 & CV-440

Military operators[edit]

 Australia

Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
- Two CV-440 Metropolitans (RAAF serial A95-313 and 353) were in service with RAAF from 1956 to 1968.[31]

No. 34 Squadron RAAF

 Bolivia

Transporte Aéreo Militar
Transporte Aéreo Militar
- Six CV-440s and five CV-580s acquired. One of each remaining as of 1987.[32]

 Canada

Royal Canadian Air Force
Royal Canadian Air Force
and Canadian Armed Forces CV-540s were re engined with T56 turbo props with 412 Squadron

 Colombia CV-580  Germany

Luftwaffe operated six CV-440s.

 Italy

Italian Air Force
Italian Air Force
operated four CV-440 Metropolitans from 1957 until 1978[33]

 Paraguay

Paraguayan Air Force: CV-440/C-131D

 Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Air Force - CV-440

 Mexico

Mexican Air Force
Mexican Air Force
CV-580 Nowadays used as an AEW&C Simulator on AFB #1 Santa Lucia

Other operators[edit]

 United States

Federal Aviation Administration[34] Airborne Resources, (C-131B N131CR[35][verification needed]) Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, later Veridian and then General Dynamics Advanced Information Systems
General Dynamics Advanced Information Systems
(CV-580s N51211)[36][verification needed] and N51255[37][verification needed]) Honeywell International, Everett Washington (CV-580 N580HW[38][verification needed]) Raytheon, Tucson Arizona (CV-580 N580HH[39][verification needed]) University of Washington, (CV-580 N3UW[40][verification needed])

 Canada

National Research Council (Canada)
National Research Council (Canada)
(CV-580 C-FNRC[41][verification needed]) Canada
Canada
Centre for Remote Sensing, later Environment Canada, retired to the Canada
Canada
Aviation and Space Museum in June 2015 in recognition of its historical significance to Canadian science (CV-580 C-GRSC[42])

Accidents and incidents[edit] Main article: List of accidents and incidents involving the Convair CV-240 family Specifications (CV-240)[edit] Data from General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Aircraft and their Predecessors[43] General characteristics

Crew: 2 or 3 flight deck crew Capacity: 40 Length: 74 ft 8 in (22.76 m) Wingspan: 91 ft 9 in (27.97 m) Height: 26 ft 11 in (8.20 m) Wing area: 817 sq ft (75.9 m2) Empty weight: 25,445 lb (11,542 kg) (revised 29,500 lb (13,381 kg)) Gross weight: 40,500 lb (18,370 kg) (revised 42,500 lb (19,278 kg)) Fuel capacity: 1,000 US gal (3,785.41 l) - 1,550 US gal (5,867.39 l) Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney R-2800-CA3 Double Wasp / CA15 / CA18 / CB3 or CB16 18-cyl air-cooled radial engines, 2,400 hp (1,800 kW) each Propellers: 3-bladed Hamilton Standard
Hamilton Standard
or Curtiss

Performance

Maximum speed: 315 mph (507 km/h; 274 kn) Cruise speed: 280 mph (451 km/h; 243 kn) (maximum) Range: 1,200 mi (1,043 nmi; 1,931 km) Service ceiling: 16,000 ft (4,900 m) Rate of climb: 1,520 ft/min (7.7 m/s)

See also[edit]

Related development

Convair
Convair
C-131 Samaritan Canadair
Canadair
CC-109 Cosmopolitan

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Airspeed Ambassador HS 748 Martin 2-0-2 Martin 4-0-4 Saab 90 Scandia Vickers VC.1 Viking

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h i Wegg 1990, pp. 187–199. ^ a b c Wegg 1990, p. 183. ^ Gradidge 1997, p. 10. ^ Wegg 1990, pp. 187–188. ^ a b Wegg 1990, p. 188. ^ Wegg 1990, pp. 188–189. ^ Wegg 1990, p. 192. ^ Gradidge 1997, pp. 10–11. ^ a b http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1960/1960%20-%202680.html ^ "Aircraft Accident Report - L & J Company, Convair
Convair
240, N55VM" "Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. Hunt Library" Retrieved: November 25, 2017.' ^ "Convair-Liner History." The American Museum of Aviation. Retrieved: October 21, 2011. ^ a b Gradidge 1997, p. 13 ^ a b c d Frawley 1997, p. 86. ^ http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1960/1960%20-%202679.html ^ a b Flight International, October 3–9, 2006. ^ aerofavourites, Convair
Convair
CV-240 - CV-640. Retrieved: August 17, 2016. ^ Gradidge 1997, p. 39. ^ Klee, Ulrich & Bucher, Frank et al. jp airline-fleets international 2013/14. Sutton, UK, 2013, pp. 321 and 583. ^ Ruud Leeuw, ConvairLiners background information. Retrieved: August 17, 2016. ^ John W.R. Taylor, ed. (1987). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1987–88. London: Jane's Information Group. ISBN 978-0-7106-0850-5.  ^ a b c Flight April 8, 1960, p. 491. ^ a b c d Flight April 8, 1960, p. 492. ^ a b Flight April 8, 1960, p. 493. ^ a b Flight April 8, 1960, p. 497. ^ a b c d Flight April 8, 1960, p. 489. ^ Hagby 1998, p. 34. ^ Jońca, Adam (1986) Samoloty linii lotniczych 1957-1981, WKiŁ, Warsaw, ISBN 83-206-0530-X (in Polish), p.2 ^ Flight April 8, 1960, p. 495. ^ 1977 Convair
Convair
CV-240 crash ^ Flight April 8, 1960, p. 490. ^ Wilson, Stewart (1994). Military Aircraft of Australia. Weston Creek, Australia: Aerospace Publications. p. 216. ISBN 1-875671-08-0.  ^ Siegrist 1987, p. 175. ^ " Italian Air Force
Italian Air Force
Aircraft Types". www.aeroflight.co.uk.  ^ "N39 (FAA Convair
Convair
580) KBFI 3/8." Archived March 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. NYCAviation.com. Retrieved: September 1, 2010. ^ Smithson, Peter. " Convair
Convair
C-131B (340-70) aircraft." airliners.net, October 26, 2010. Retrieved: June 7, 2011. ^ Groenendijk, Bob. " Convair
Convair
580." airliners.net, 1981. Retrieved: June 7, 2011. ^ Kempf, Steve. " Convair
Convair
580." airliners.net, December 2, 2004. Retrieved: June 7, 2011. ^ King, Royal S. " Convair
Convair
580." airliners.net, August 5, 2012 Retrieved: November 14, 2012. ^ Lockett, Brian. " Convair
Convair
580." airliners.net, February 25, 2008. Retrieved: June 7, 2011. ^ Rodriguez, Javier. " Convair
Convair
580." airliners.net, 1999. Retrieved: June 7, 2011. ^ Derden, Jonathan. " Convair
Convair
580." airliners.net, April 19, 2008. Retrieved: June 7, 2011. ^ "Radar Remote Sensing Pioneering Convair
Convair
580 Added To Canada Aviation And Space Museum Collection". Canadian Air and Space Museum. 24 June 2015. Retrieved 15 September 2015.  ^ Wegg 1990, pp. 188, 199.

Bibliography[edit]

Frawley, Gerald. " Convair
Convair
CV-540, 580, 600, 640 & CV5800". The International Directory of Civil Aircraft 1997/98. Fyshwick ACT, Aerospace Publications, 199, p. 86 ISBN 1-875671-26-9. Gradidge, Jennifer. The Convairliners Story. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., First edition, 1997, pp. 10–13. ISBN 0-85130-243-2. Hagby, Kay . Fra Nielsen & Winther til Boeing 747. Drammen, Norway. Hagby, 1998. ISBN 82-994752-0-1. Siegrist, Martin. "Bolivian Air Power — Seventy Years On". Air International, Vol. 33, No. 4, October 1987. pp. 170–176, 194. ISSN 0306-5634. Wegg, John. General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Aircraft and their Predecessors. London: Putnam & Company Ltd., 1990, pp. 187–199 ISBN 0-87021-233-8. "World Airline Directory". Flight, April 8, 1960, Vol. 77, No. 2665. pp. 484–516. ISSN 0015-3710.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Convair
Convair
CV-240.

Convair
Convair
CV-240, National Air and Space Museum C-131 Samaritan factsheet, National Museum of the United States
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Air Force C-131D Samaritan, March Field Air Museum C-131 Samaritan C-131 Samaritan, The Aviation Zone Gunships, The Aviation Zone BBC News Article about Convair
Convair
CV-440 Aero News Network Article about Convair
Convair
CV-440

v t e

Convair
Convair
and General Dynamics
General Dynamics
aircraft

Manufacturer designations

(numbering continued from Vultee): 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 108 109 110 111 112 115 116 117 118

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8/8-24 9 11 21 22 23 24 27 30 31 48

240 300 340 440 540 580 600 640

Bombers

B-36 XA-44 XB-46 XB-53 B-58 YB-60

Fighters and attack aircraft

XP-81 XF-92 F-102 F-106 XFY F2Y Charger

Civilian transports

37 58-9 110 240 300 340 440 540 580 600 640 880 990 5800

Military transports

XC-99 C-131 R3Y R4Y T-29

Experimental aircraft

Kingfish NB-36H X-6

General Dynamics

F-111 F-111B F-111C F-111K EF-111A F-16 F-16XL F-16 VISTA

.