The CONTROL YUAN (CY; Chinese : 監察院; pinyin : Jiānchá Yuàn; Wade–Giles : Chien1-ch'a2 Yüan4) one of the five branches of the Government of the Republic of China , is an investigatory agency that monitors the other branches of government. It may be compared to the Court of Auditors of the European Union, the Government Accountability Office of the United States, a political ombudsman , or a standing commission for administrative inquiry.
* 1 History
* 1.1 Pre-republican China
* 1.2 Republican China
* 2 Powers and responsibilities
* 3 Structure
* 3.1 Council
* 3.1.1 Standing committees
* 3.2 Ministry of Audit
* 4.1 Pre-1947 Constitution Ratification * 4.2 Post-1947 Constitution Ratification
* 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links
The idea for the
Under the Qing dynasty, the Board of Public Censors consisted of forty or fifty members, and two presidents, one of Manchu ancestry and the other of Chinese ancestry. They were, in theory, allowed to send one censor to participate in the meetings of all government boards. The Board's powers were minimized by the time of political flux which preceded the end of the Empire.
As a republican phenomenon, the idea of government supervision and audit was adopted by Sun Yat-sen during his involvement with the Tongmenghui as part of five proposed branches of republican government. Following the establishment of the provisional republican government, the traditional three branches were initially put in place. By 1928, however, the Control and Examination Yuans were established by the provisional government. A sixth Auditing Yuan (審計院; pinyin: Shěnjì Yuàn) was established in February 1928, but in February 1931, the Auditing Yuan was downgraded to the current Ministry of Audit and incorporated into the Control Yuan.
The first formal
In 1992, the selection process for the
At the end of 2004 President Chen Shui-bian sent a list of nominees
to positions in the
POWERS AND RESPONSIBILITIES
* Investigation of officials
* Receipt of petition complaints concerning officials
* Supervising of
The structure of the
The council of the Yuan, chaired by the Yuan President, is divided into a number of committees to fulfill the Yuan's various purposes.
The seven standing committees cover the following :
* Domestic and ethnic minority affairs * Foreign and overseas Chinese affairs * National defense and intelligence affairs * Finance and economic affairs * Education and cultural affairs * Transportation, communications and procurement affairs * Judicial affairs and prison administration
* Committee on Statutory Studies
* Committee on Consultation
* Committee on Discipline for
Administrative Appeal Committee
An Administrative Appeal Committee, operated under the aegis of the
Organizational Affairs Committees
* Budgetary Planning and Administrative Committee - which provides suggestions on the planning and drawing up of the Control Yuan’s annual budget * International Affairs Committee - which provides for collaboration and communication with the audit and ombudsman institutions of other governments.
No member of the
MINISTRY OF AUDIT
The Ministry of Audit, also known as the National Audit Office and headed by an auditor-general who is nominated by the President of the Republic and appointed with consent of Parliament, exercises the Control Yuan's power of audit. It consists of five departments:
* General public affairs audit department
* National defense expenditures audit department
Subordinate agencies are largely local extensions of the Ministry:
LIST OF PRESIDENTS OF THE CONTROL YUAN
Main article: List of Presidents of the Control Yuan Chang Po-ya , the incumbent President of Control Yuan.
PRE-1947 CONSTITUTION RATIFICATION
POST-1947 CONSTITUTION RATIFICATION
* Yu Youren (9 June 1948 - 10 November 1964)
* Li Shih-tsung (李嗣璁) (10 November 1964 - 17 August 1965) acting
* Li Shih-tsung (李嗣璁) (17 August 1965 - 15 May 1972)
* Chang Wei-han (張維翰) (15 May 1972 - 19 March 1973) acting
* Yu Chun-hsien (余俊賢) (19 March 1973 - 12 March 1987) * Huang Tzuen-chiou (黃尊秋) (12 March 1987 - 1 February 1993)
* Chen Li-an (1 February 1993 - 23 September 1995)
* Cheng Sui-je (鄭水枝) (23 September 1995 - 1 September 1996) acting
* Wang Tso-yung (王作榮) (1 September 1996 - 1 February 1999)
* Fredrick Chien Foo (1 February 1999 - 1 February 2005)
* Post vacant (1 February 2005 - 1 August 2008)
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* ^ http://www.cy.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=6036&CtNode=989">Coordinates : 25°02′43″N 121°31′12″E / 25.04528°N 121.52000°E / 25