In 2011, it had a population of 684,082 and the population density was 96/km². The degree of urbanization is much higher (about 75%) than the Romanian average. In recent years the population trend is:
The majority of the population are Romanians. There are important communities of Turks and Tatars, remnants of the time of Ottoman rule. Currently the region is the centre of the Muslim minority in Romania. A great number of Aromanians have migrated to Dobruja in the last century, and they consider themselves a cultural minority rather than an ethnic minority. There are also Romani.
|Romanian||14,884 (23%)||652,777 (91%)||567,779 (90%)|
|Turkish||14,947 (23%)||24,246 (3.4%)||21,014 (3.3%)|
|Tatar||22,854 (35%)||23,230 (3.2%)||19,720 (3.1%)|
|Bulgarian||7,919 (12%)||74 (0.01%)||N/A|
|Greek||2,607 (4%)||590 (0.08%)||N/A|
|Roma/Gypsy||<100 (<0.1%)||6,023 (0.84%)||8,401 (1.33%)|
The predominant industries in the county are:
Agriculture is an important part in the county's economy, with Constanța being the county with the largest irrigation systems in the country (more than 4,300 km² before 1989, now greatly reduced), cereals being the most important products. Also, the county is famous for its wines from the Murfatlar region.
The Port of Constanța is the largest port in Romania and one of the most important on the Black Sea. It is linked with the Danube by the Danube-Black Sea Canal – the widest and deepest navigable channel in Europe, although it is not used to its full potential.
Also worth visiting are:
The current president of Constanța County Council is Horia Țuțuianu (Social Democratic Party).
|Party||Seats||Current County Council|
|Social Democratic Party||16|
|National Liberal Party||15|
|Alliance of Liberals and Democrats||3|
|People's Movement Party||3|
Constanța County has 3 municipalities, 9 towns and 58 communes:
|Capital city (Reședință de județ)||Constanța|
|Ceased to exist||Administrative reform of 1950|
|• Total||6,916 km2 (2,670 sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
Following the 1926 administrative reform, the borders of the historical county are identical to the ones of the current Constanța County, with the exception of the Ostrov and Lipnița communes, which were then administered by the Durostor County, the Baia commune, now part of Tulcea County, and the villages of Tereskondu, Pârâul Caprei, Fundeni, Pădureni, Saldu Alde and Enigea-Haidar, now in Bulgaria.
The county consisted of seven districts (plăși):
After the 1938 Administrative and Constitutional Reform, this county merged with the counties of Ialomița, Durostor and Caliacra to form Ținutul Mării. It was re-established in 1940 after the fall of Carol II's regime. Ten years later, it was abolished by the Communist regime.
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