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The Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples
Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples
(Latin: Congregatio pro Gentium Evangelizatione) in Rome
Rome
is the congregation of the Roman Curia responsible for missionary work and related activities. It is perhaps better known by its former title, the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith (Sacra Congregatio de Propaganda Fide). In principle it is responsible for pre-diocesan missionary jurisdictions (of the Latin
Latin
rite) : Mission sui iuris, Apostolic prefecture (neither entitled to a titular bishop) Apostolic vicariate; equivalents of other rites (e.g. Apostolic exarchate) are in the sway of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches. However many former missionary jurisdictions -mainly in the Third World- remains, after promotion to diocese of (Metropolitan) Archdiocese, under the Propaganda Fide instead of the normally competent Congregation for the Bishops, notably in countries/regions w<here the Catholic church is too poor/ small (as in most African countries) to aspire self-sufficiency and/or local authorities hostile to Catholic/Christian/any (organized) faith. It was founded by Pope Gregory XV
Pope Gregory XV
in 1622 to arrange missionary work on behalf of the various religious institutions, and in 1627 Pope Urban VIII established within it a training college for missionaries. When Pope Paul VI reorganized and adjusted the tasks of the Roman Curia with the publication of Regimini Ecclesiae Universae on August 15, 1967, the name of the congregation was changed to the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.[1][2] The early Congregation was established in the Palazzo Ferratini, donated by Juan Bautista Vives, to the south of the Piazza di Spagna. Two of the foremost artistic figures of Baroque
Baroque
Rome
Rome
were involved in the development of the architectural complex; the sculptor and architect Gianlorenzo Bernini
Gianlorenzo Bernini
and the architect Francesco Borromini. The current Prefect of the Congregation is Cardinal Fernando Filoni. The current Secretary is Archbishop
Archbishop
Protase Rugambwa.[3] The current Secretary (and President of the Pontifical Mission Societies)[4] is Archbishop
Archbishop
Giampietro Del Toso[5] The Under-Secretary is Father Ryszard Szmydki, O.M.I.[6] The Archivist
Archivist
of the Archives of the Congregation is Bishop Luis Manuel Cuña Ramos. Monsignors Lorenzo Piva and Camillus Nimalan Johnpillai assist as Office Heads of the Congregation.[7]

Contents

1 History 2 Architecture 3 Officials

3.1 Prefects 3.2 Secretaries 3.3 Adjunct Secretaries 3.4 Undersecretary 3.5 Delegate of the Administration

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit]

Alexandre de Rhodes' Dictionarium Annamiticum Lusitanum et Latinum, published by the Propaganda Fide in 1651.

Founded in 1622 by Pope Gregory XV's bull Inscrutabili Divinae, the body was charged with fostering the spread of Catholicism and with the regulation of Catholic ecclesiastical affairs in non-Catholic countries. The intrinsic importance of its duties and the extraordinary extent of its authority and of the territory under its jurisdiction caused the Cardinal Prefect of Propaganda to be known as the "red pope". At the time of its inception, the expansion of colonial administrations was coming to be largely in Dutch and English hands, both Protestant
Protestant
countries intent on spreading these religious doctrines, and Rome
Rome
perceived the very real threat of Protestantism spreading in the wake of commercial empire. By 1648, with the end of the Thirty Years' War, the official religious balance of established Christianity in Europe was permanently stabilized, but new fields for evangelization were offered by vast regions of Asia, Africa, and the Americas
Americas
then being explored. There had already been a less formally instituted cardinal committee concerned with propaganda fide since the time of Pope Gregory XIII (1572–1585), which were especially charged with promoting the union with Rome
Rome
of the long-established eastern Christian communities: Slavs, Greeks, Syrians, Egyptians, and Abyssinians. This was the traditional direction for the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
to look for evangelizing. Catechisms were printed in many languages and seminarians sent to places as far as Malabar. The most concrete result was the union with Rome
Rome
of the Ruthenian Catholic communion, most concentrated in modern-day Ukraine
Ukraine
and Belarus; the union was formalized at Brest in 1596. The death of Gregory XV the following year did not interrupt the organization, because Cardinal Barberini, one of the original thirteen members of the congregation, became the next pope as Urban VIII (1623–1644). Under Urban VIII, a central seminary (the Collegium Urbanum) was set up for training missionaries. The Congregation also operated the polyglot printing press in Rome, printing catechisms in many languages. Their procurators were especially active in China
China
from 1705, moving between Macau and Canton before finally settling in Hong Kong in 1842. In strongly Protestant
Protestant
areas, the operations of the Congregation were considered subversive: the first missionary to be killed was in Grisons, Switzerland, in April 1622, before the papal bull authorizing its creation had been disseminated. In Ireland
Ireland
after Catholic emancipation (1829) while the established church was still the Protestant
Protestant
Church of Ireland, the Irish Catholic church came under the control of the Congregation in 1833, and soon reformed itself with a devotional revolution under Cardinal Cullen. These "Cardinals in General Congregation" met weekly, keeping their records in Latin
Latin
until 1657, then in Italian. The minutes are available in microfilm (filling 84 reels) at large libraries. In the course of their work, the Propaganda fide missionaries accumulated the objects now in the Vatican Museum's Ethnological Missionary Museum. Since 1989 the incumbent Prefect is also President of the Interdicasterial Commission for Consecrated Religious. In 2014 Sr. Luzia Premoli, superior general of the Combonian Missionary Sisters, was appointed a member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, thus becoming the first woman to be appointed a member of a Roman curial congregation.[8]

Architecture[edit] The Congregation was originally housed in a small palace, the Palazzo Ferratini, donated by the Spanish priest Vives, at the southern end of the Piazza di Spagna. The architectural complex of the Propoaganda Fide was developed in the triangular urban block between the Via Due Macelli and the Via del Collegio di Propaganda Fide, two streets which diverged from the piazza.

The headquarters of the Propaganda fide in Rome, North facade on Piazza di Spagna
Piazza di Spagna
by architect Bernini, the southwest facade seen here by Borromini: etching by Giuseppe Vasi, 1761.[9]

In 1634 a small oval chapel was built according to designs by Bernini. In 1642, Father Valerio, with Bernini, redesigned the façade to the Piazza di Spagna, and the development was continued along the Via Due Macelli by Gaspare de’Vecchio from 1639-1645.[10] In 1648, Borromini took over and made various proposals that included demolishing Bernini’s chapel, which must have been particularly galling for the latter as he could see the building from his house on Via Mercede.[11] Initially Borromini designed an elongated oval chapel plan but this was superseded by a rectilinear design, with the greater length parallel to the street, and with curved corners on the interior. Construction of the chapel commenced in 1660 and although the main part was built by 1665, some of the decoration was carried out after his death.[12] The Re Magi chapel, dedicated to the Three Kings, has a plan with four side chapels and galleries above. On the interior, the wall and the vault are differentiated horizontally by a cornice line but there is a vertical continuity of wall and vault which allows for windows at the base of the vault. The wall pilasters are continued in the vault as ribs that criss-cross and unite the space, unlike his design at the Oratory of Philip Neri Oratorio dei Filippini where the ribs are interrupted by the oval fresco at the centre of the vault. The criss cross arrangement in the Re Magi Chapel is such that an octagon is formed at the centre, embellished with a Dove of the Holy Spirit bathed in golden rays. His first designs for the façade onto the Via di Propaganda Fide had five bays but he expanded this to seven. The façade is dominated by the giant pilasters that originally supported a balustrade above the narrow entablature but later extensions obliterated the balustrade. The central bay of the façade is a concave curve with angled pies at its edges, perhaps in recognition that this façade would always be seen at an oblique angle because of the narrowness of the street. The central door leads into the courtyard where Borromini intended a curved arcade but this was not built.[13] Only the left hand side of the façade relates to the chapel and the right to the stair and entrance to the College. Other parts of the College have further minor works by Borromini. Officials[edit] Prefects[edit]

Antonio Maria Sauli
Antonio Maria Sauli
(1622) Ludovico Ludovisi
Ludovico Ludovisi
(1622–1632) Antonio Barberini
Antonio Barberini
(1632–1645) Luigi Capponi (1645–1649) (while Barberini was in exile during the pontificate of Innocent X) Antonio Barberini
Antonio Barberini
(1649–1671) Paluzzo Paluzzi Altieri degli Albertoni
Paluzzo Paluzzi Altieri degli Albertoni
(1671–1698) Carlo Barberini (1698–1704) Giuseppe Sacripanti (1704–1727) Vincenzo Petra (1727–1747) Silvio Valenti Gonzaga
Silvio Valenti Gonzaga
(1747–1756) Giuseppe Spinelli
Giuseppe Spinelli
(1756–1763) Giuseppe Maria Castelli (1763–1780) Leonardo Antonelli
Leonardo Antonelli
(1780–1795) Giacinto Sigismondo Gerdil
Giacinto Sigismondo Gerdil
(1795–1802) Stefano Borgia (pro-prefect 1798-1800, prefect 1802-1804) Antonio Dugnani (1804–1805) Michele di Pietro (1805–1814) Lorenzo Litta (1814–1818) Francesco Luigi Fontana (1818–1822) Ercole Consalvi
Ercole Consalvi
(pro-prefect 1822–1824, prefect 1824) Giulio Maria della Somaglia
Giulio Maria della Somaglia
(pro-prefect 1824–1826) Mauro Capellari (1826–1831) (elected as Pope Gregory XVI) Carlo Maria Pedicini (1831–1834) Giacomo Filippo Fransoni (1834–1856) Alessandro Barnabò
Alessandro Barnabò
(1856–1874) Alessandro Franchi (1874–1878) Giovanni Simeoni
Giovanni Simeoni
(1878–1892) Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski
Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski
(1892–1902) Girolamo Maria Gotti (1902–1916) Domenico Serafini (pro-prefect 1916, prefect 1916–1918) Willem van Rossum
Willem van Rossum
(1918–1932) Pietro Fumasoni Biondi
Pietro Fumasoni Biondi
(1933–1960) Samuel Stritch
Samuel Stritch
(pro-prefect 1958) Gregorio Pietro Agagianian
Gregorio Pietro Agagianian
(pro-prefect 1958–1960, prefect 1960–1970) Agnelo Rossi
Agnelo Rossi
(1970–1984) Dermot J. Ryan
Dermot J. Ryan
(pro-prefect 1984–1985) Jozef Tomko
Jozef Tomko
(pro-prefect 1985, prefect 1985–2001) Crescenzio Sepe
Crescenzio Sepe
(2001–2006) Ivan Dias
Ivan Dias
(2006–2011) Fernando Filoni
Fernando Filoni
(2011– )

Secretaries[edit] The secretary assists the cardinal-prefect in the day-to-day running of the congregation and is always an archbishop. They usually go on to hold a position in the Roman Curia
Roman Curia
that brings them membership to the College of Cardinals.

Bernardin Gantin
Bernardin Gantin
(26 February 1973 – 19 December 1975) Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy
Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy
(19 December 1975 – 30 October 1985) José Tomás Sánchez
José Tomás Sánchez
(30 October 1985 – 21 June 1991) Giuseppe Uhac (21 June 1991 – 18 January 1998) Marcello Zago, O.M.I. (28 March 1998 – 1 March 2001) Robert Sarah
Robert Sarah
(1 October 2001 – 7 October 2010) Savio Hon Tai-Fai (29 December 2010 – 28 September 2017) Protase Rugambwa (9 November 2017 – )

Adjunct Secretaries[edit] The adjunct secretary, when one is appointed, is concurrently President of the Pontifical Mission Societies.

Albert Malcolm Ranjith
Malcolm Ranjith
Patabendige Don (1 October 2001 – 2005.12.10) Henryk Hoser, S.A.C. (22 January 2005 – 24 May 2008) Piergiuseppe Vacchelli (24 May 2008 – 26 June 2012) Giampietro Del Toso (9 November 2017 - )

Undersecretary[edit]

Charles Asa Schleck (1995 – 2000)

Delegate of the Administration[edit]

Msgr. Angelo Mottola (Italy; later Archbishop) (1986 – 1999.07.16)

See also[edit]

Catholicism portal Vatican City portal

Protectorate of missions

References[edit]

^ "Profile". THE CONGREGATION FOR THE EVANGELIZATION OF PEOPLES. Vatican. Retrieved 24 May 2017.  ^ Dulles, Avery Cardinal (2009). Evangelization for the Third Millennium. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-8091-4622-2.  ^ https://www.catholicnewsagency.com/news/tanzanian-appointed-secretary-of-congregation-for-evangelization-of-peoples-26590 ^ http://www.pmoinindia.org/president.html ^ [1] ^ "Vatican office for evangelization of peoples gets a new undersecretary". Catholic News Agency. 2017-09-28. Retrieved 2017-10-08.  ^ "press.catholica.va/news_services/bulletin/news/30075.php?index=30075 - Translator". www.microsofttranslator.com. Retrieved 2017-04-24.  ^ "First woman appointed to a Vatican congregation joyful :: EWTN News". www.ewtnnews.com. Retrieved 2017-04-24.  ^ Collegio di Propaganda Fide ^ Blunt, A. Guide to Baroque
Baroque
Rome, Granada, 1982, 246 ^ Blunt, 1982, 166 ^ Magnuson, T. Rome
Rome
in the Age of Bernini, Vol 2, 206-7 ^ Blunt, 1979, 246

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Propaganda.

Official Propaganda Fide website GCatholic.org Notre Dame University site gives history of the Propaganda Fide, with details of its organization the Collegio di Propaganda Fide: photos and history Satellite Photo. The Collegio is the large rhomboidal block buildings that lie just south of the Spanish steps (narrow tip and Bernini facade facing northeast to Piazza di Spagna).   Umberto Benigni
Umberto Benigni
(1913). "Sacred Congregation of Propaganda". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Co

.