NGO BASIN is the sedimentary basin of the
Congo River . The
The basin begins in the highlands of the
East African Rift system
with input from the Chambeshi River, the Uele and Ubangi Rivers in the
upper reaches and the Lualaba River draining wetlands in the middle
reaches. Due to the young age and active uplift of the East African
The basin was the watershed of the
Congo River populated by pygmy
peoples , and eventually
Bantu peoples migrated there and founded the
Kingdom of Kongo
* 1 Congo region * 2 Environmental importance * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links
CO NGO REGION
NGO is a traditional name for the equatorial Middle
Countries wholly or partially in the Congo region:
The Congo forest is an important biodiversity hotspot. It is home to
okapi , bonobo and the
Congo peafowl , but is also an important source
African teak , used for building furniture and flooring. An
estimated 40 million people depend on these woodlands, surviving on
traditional livelihoods. At a global level, Congo's forests act as the
planet's second lung, counterpart to the rapidly dwindling Amazon.
They are a huge "carbon sink," trapping carbon that could otherwise
become carbon dioxide, the main cause of global warming. The Congo
Basin holds roughly 8 percent of the world's forest-based carbon.
These forests also affect rainfall across the
A moratorium on logging in the Congo forest was agreed with the World
Bank and the
Democratic Republic of the Congo (RDC, République
Démocratique du Congo) in May 2002. The
The government has written a new forestry code that requires companies to invest in local development and follow a sustainable, twenty-five-year cycle of rotational logging. When a company is granted a concession from central government to log in Congo, it must sign an agreement with the local chiefs and hereditary land owners, who give permission for it to extract the trees in return for development packages. In theory, the companies must pay government nearly $18m rent a year for these concessions, of which 40% in taxes paid should be returned to provincial governments for investment in social development of the local population in the logged areas.
In its current form, the Kyoto protocol does not reward so-called "avoided deforestation " - initiatives that protect forest from being cut down. But many climate scientists and policymakers hope that negotiations for Kyoto's successor will include such measures. If this were the case, there could be a financial incentive for protecting forests.
L’Île Mbiye in Kisangani is part of the Sustainable Forest
The main Congolese environmental organization working to save the
forests is an
* ^ Mineral deposits & Earth evolution. Geological Society. 2005. ISBN 978-1-86239-182-6 . * ^ "The Fight to Save Congo\'s Forests". thenation.com. October 22, 2007.
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