The COMPUTER HISTORY MUSEUM (CHM) is a museum established in 1996 in
Mountain View, California , US . The
Museum is dedicated to preserving
and presenting the stories and artifacts of the information age , and
exploring the computing revolution and its impact on society.
* 1 History
* 2 Collections and exhibition space
* 3 Fellows
* 4 See also
* 5 References
* 6 Further reading
* 7 External links
The museum's origins date to 1968 when
Gordon Bell began a quest for
a historical collection and, at that same time, others were looking to
preserve the Whirlwind computer. The resulting
Museum Project had its
first exhibit in 1975, located in a converted coat closet in a DEC
lobby. In 1978, the museum, now The Digital Computer
moved to a larger DEC lobby in
Marlborough, Massachusetts . Maurice
Wilkes presented the first lecture at TDCM in 1979 – the
presentation of such lectures has continued to the present time.
TDCM incorporated as The Computer
Museum (TCM) in 1982. In 1984, TCM
Boston , locating on
Museum Wharf .
In 1996/1997, The TCM History Center (TCMHC) in Silicon Valley was
established; a site at Moffett Field was provided by NASA (an old
building that was previously the Naval Base furniture store) and a
large number of artifacts were shipped there from TCM.
In 1999, TCMHC incorporated and TCM ceased operation, shipping its
remaining artifacts to TCMHC in 2000. The name TCM had been retained
Museum of Science so, in 2000, the name TCMHC was
changed to Computer History
In 2002, CHM opened its new building (previously occupied by Silicon
Graphics ), at 1401 N. Shoreline Blvd in
Mountain View, California ,
to the public. The facility was later heavily renovated and
underwent a two-year $19 million makeover before reopening on January
COLLECTIONS AND EXHIBITION SPACE
Steve Russell , creator of
Spacewar! , operating the
the Computer History
Museum Charles Babbage's Difference Engine
on Display at the Computer History
The Computer History
Museum claims to house the largest and most
significant collection of computing artifacts in the world (the Heinz
Nixdorf Museum, Paderborn, Germany, has more items on display but a
far smaller total collection ). This includes many rare or
one-of-a-kind objects such as a
Cray-1 supercomputer as well as a
Cray-3 , the
Utah teapot , the 1969
Neiman Marcus Kitchen
Computer , an
Apple I , and an example of the first generation of
Google 's racks of custom-designed web servers . The collection
comprises nearly 90,000 objects, photographs and films, as well as
4,000 feet (1,200 m) of cataloged documentation and several hundred
gigabytes of software. The CHM oral history program conducts video
interviews around the history of computing and networking, with over
700 as of 2016.
The museum's 25,000-square-foot (2,300 m2) exhibit "Revolution: The
First 2000 Years of Computing," opened to the public on January 13,
2011. It covers the history of computing in 20 galleries, from the
abacus to the Internet. The entire exhibition is also available
The museum features a
Liquid Galaxy in the “Going Places: A History
of Silicon Valley” exhibit. The exhibit features 20 preselected
locations that visitors can fly to on the Liquid Galaxy.
The museum has several additional exhibits, including a restoration
of an historic
PDP-1 minicomputer, two restored
IBM 1401 computers,
and an exhibit on the history of autonomous vehicles, from torpedoes
to self-driving cars.
Difference Engine designed by
Charles Babbage in the
1840s and constructed by the Science
Museum of London was on display
until January 31, 2016. It had been on loan since 2008 from its owner,
Nathan Myhrvold , a former
Former media executive John Hollar was appointed CEO of The Computer
Museum in July 2008.
In 2010 the museum began with the collection of source code of
important software, beginning with Apple 's
MacPaint 1.3, written in a
combination of Assembly and Pascal and available as download for the
public. In 2012 the APL programming language followed. In February
Adobe Systems, Inc. donated the
Photoshop 1.0.1 source code to
the collection. On March 25, 2014 followed
Microsoft with the source
code donation of
SCP MS-DOS 1.25 and a mixture of Altos MS-DOS 2.11
TeleVideo PC DOS 2.11 as well as Word for Windows 1.1a under their
own license. On October 21, 2014,
Xerox Alto 's source code and
other resources followed.
The CHM Fellows are exceptional men and women 'whose ideas have
changed the world affected nearly every human alive today'. The first
fellow was Rear Admiral
Grace Hopper in 1987. The fellows program has
grown to 70 members as of 2015.
Jay Wright Forrester
Mitch Kapor ,
Dennis Ritchie ,
Ken Thompson ,
John Backus ,
Gene Amdahl ,
Donald Knuth ,
Alan Kay , John McCarthy ,
Frances E. Allen ,
Vint Cerf ,
Fred Brooks ,
Jean E. Sammet ,
Charles Geschke ,
John Warnock ,
John Cocke ,
Tim Berners-Lee , David Wheeler ,
Erich Bloch ,
Dan Bricklin ,
Bob O. Evans ,
Bob Frankston ,
Paul Baran ,
Douglas Engelbart ,
Alan Shugart , Ivan
Tony Hoare ,
Bob Kahn ,
Butler Lampson ,
John L. Hennessy , David Patterson ,
Morris Chang , Charles
Jean Bartik ,
Robert Metcalfe ,
Federico Faggin ,
Marcian Hoff ,
Stanley Mazor , Masatoshi
Donald D. Chamberlin , Robert Everett
Whitfield Diffie ,
Martin Hellman ,
Ralph Merkle ,
Fernando J. Corbató ,
Edward Feigenbaum ,
Steve Furber ,
Edwin Catmull ,
Harry Huskey , Robert Taylor
Lynn Conway , John Crawford ,
Irwin M. Jacobs
Bjarne Stroustrup ,
Charles Bachman ,
Dave Cutler ,
Lee Felsenstein ,
Alan Cooper , Margaret Hamilton , Larry Roberts , Cleve
* San Francisco Bay Area portal
* Computing portal
Vintage Computer Festival held annually at The Computer History
History of computing
History of computer science
* ^ Bell, Gordon (2011).
* ^ Backgrounder Archived 2005-03-01 at the
Wayback Machine . Press
release on the Computer History Museum
* ^ "COMPUTER HISTORY MUSEUMS MAJOR NEW EXHIBITION OPENS". Computer
History Museum. Archived from the original on January 3, 2017.
Retrieved March 5, 2017.
* ^ Heinz Nixdorf
Museum Archived 2011-07-09 at the Wayback Machine
* ^ How Google Works David F. Carr, Baseline.com, July 6, 2006
* ^ Wollan, Malia (2011-01-13). "Computer History
Its Makeover". The New York Times. Archived from the original on
* ^ Bilton, Nick (2010-01-14). "Bits Pics: The Computer History
The New York Times
The New York Times . Archived from the original on
2011-01-19. Retrieved 2011-01-15.
* ^ "Computer History Museums Major New Exhibition Opens January
12th 2011". Computerhistory.org. Archived from the original on
2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-15.
* ^ "David Laws’ App Shines in New Exhibit at Computer History
Museum". BATW. Archived from the original on 2017-01-06.
Difference Engine Leaves Computer History
2016-03-02 at the
Wayback Machine ., Mark Moack, Mountain View Voice,
January 28, 2016
* ^ "
MacPaint and QuickDraw Source Code". Computer History Museum.
July 20, 2010. Archived from the original on August 22, 2012.
* ^ Hesseldahl, Erik (2010-07-20). "Apple Donates
Code To Computer History Museum". businessweek.com. Archived from the
original on 2012-02-09.
* ^ Shustek, Len (2012-10-10). "The APL Programming Language Source
Code". computerhistory.org. Archived from the original on 2013-10-07.
* ^ Bishop, Bryan (2013-02-14). "Adobe releases original Photoshop
source code for nostalgic developers". theverge.com. Archived from the
original on 2014-01-17. Retrieved 2013-10-15.
* ^ Adobe
Photoshop Source Code Archived May 7, 2014, at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ Shustek, Len (2014-03-24). "
Microsoft Word for Windows Version
1.1a Source Code". Archived from the original on 2014-03-28. Retrieved
* ^ Levin, Roy (2014-03-25). "
Microsoft makes source code for
MS-DOS and Word for Windows available to public". Official Microsoft
Blog. Archived from the original on 2014-03-28. Retrieved 2014-03-29.
(NB. While the author and publishers claim the package would include
MS-DOS 1.1 and 2.0, it actually contains
SCP MS-DOS 1.25 and a mixture
of files from
Altos MS-DOS 2.11 and
TeleVideo PC DOS 2.11 .)
* ^ McJones, Paul (2014-10-21). "
Xerox Alto Source Code - The roots
of the modern personal computer". Software Gems: The Computer History
Museum Historical Source Code Series. Computer History Museum.
Archived from the original on 2015-01-02. Retrieved 2015-01-08. With
the permission of the Palo Alto Research Center, the Computer History
Museum is pleased to make available, for non-commercial use only,
snapshots of Alto source code, executables, documentation, font files,
and other files from 1975 to 1987.
* ^ Computer History
Museum Hall of Fellows Archived 2015-01-02 at
Wayback Machine .
* Bell, Gordon (2011). Out of a Closet: The Early Years of the
Computer * Museum.
Microsoft Technical Report MSR-TR-2011-44.