The Info List - Computer Associates

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CA Technologies, formerly known as Computer Associates International, Inc. and CA, Inc., is an American multinational publicly held corporation headquartered in New York City. It ranks as one of the largest independent software corporations in the world. The company creates systems software (and previously applications software) that runs in mainframe, distributed computing, virtual machine and cloud computing environments. The company had been a provider of anti-virus and Internet security commercial software programs for personal computers during its venture into the business-to-consumer ("B2C") market, today it is primarily known for its business-to-business ("B2B") mainframe and distributed (client/server, etc.) information technology ("IT") infrastructure applications since the spin off of their security products into Total Defense.[3] CA Technologies
CA Technologies
states that its computer software products are used by "a majority of the Fortune Global 500 companies, government organizations, educational institutions, and thousands of other companies in diverse industries worldwide."[4] CA Technologies is also part of the Clinton Global Initiative.[5] CA Technologies
CA Technologies
posted $4.4 billion in revenue for fiscal year 2014 (ending March 31, 2014)[4] and maintains offices in more than 40 countries.[4] The company employs approximately 12,700 people (March 31, 2014).[4] CA holds more than 950 patents worldwide, and has more than 900 patent applications pending.[4] It was headquartered on Long Island for most of its history, at first Jericho, NY
Jericho, NY
and Garden City in Nassau County, then Suffolk County for 22 years in Islandia before moving to Manhattan in June 2014. It was once the second-largest software company in the United States.


1 History

1.1 Inception and early years 1.2 1980s 1.3 1990s 1.4 2000s 1.5 2010s

2 Controversies 3 Acquisitions 4 See also 5 References 6 External links


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Inception and early years[edit] The company was established by Charles Wang and Russell Artzt in 1976. Under regulatory pressure in 1969, IBM
announced its decision to unbundle the sale of computer hardware from its software and support services; i.e., mainframe computers from computer programs, etc. (At this time, the computer industry was dominated by mainframes and their related operating systems, principally from IBM.) The decision opened new markets to competition and provided an opportunity for entrepreneurs to enter the nascent software industry — an opportunity Charles Wang along with his friend and business partner Russ Artzt exploited by creating a company to develop and sell IBM mainframe software, so they developed several products for that market with modest success. In 1976, they obtained exclusive North American distribution rights for CA-Sort, a sort/merge/copy and data management utility software program that helps mainframe computers manipulate data efficiently. The sorting product had previously been distributed by independent software vendor ("ISV") Pansophic Systems under the name PanSort. CA-Sort was originally developed by a Swiss ISV named Computer Associates, founded by Sam Goodner and Max Sevcik several years earlier. The product had found success in Europe, but sales in North America
North America
hadn't kept pace. Wang and Artzt established a new venture (in partnership with the Swiss company), which they named Trans-American Computer Associates and went to market with CA-Sort, along with their original products. CA-SORT's sorting algorithms and the product's performance (mostly on the DOS/VS computing platform), combined with modest pricing and the sales acumen of Charles Wang, led to rapid growth in the large and lucrative North American market. Helping fuel that growth was CA's entry to the DOS/VS enterprise storage management market with software products CA-Dynam/T (tape management system), CA-Dynam/D (disk or "DASD" (direct-access storage device) management) and CA-Dynam/FI (dynamic file independence). Another useful tool that brought OS/MVS sophistication to DOS/VS(E) environments was CA-Driver, a Job Control Language (JCL) management product. CA-Sort's primary competitors were Syncsort from Whitlow Computer Systems, plus DFSORT and SM-023 from IBM. "Synergy" among CA's products became the consistent theme that brought competitive advantage and laid the foundation for the Unicenter concept years later. 1980s[edit] Throughout the decade, the company grew rapidly via several strategic and some surprising acquisitions: CGA Computer's Top Secret product, plus software makers Capex Corporation
(flagship products OPTIMIZER, TLMS, SCHEDULER), Johnson Systems (flagship product JARS), Value Software
(flagship product DISPATCH) and Uccel Corporation[6] among them. In recognition of his success in 1983, Charles Wang was given a " Software
CEO of the Year" award. In May 1985, CA-Unicenter was introduced as an integrated collection of many of its recently acquired, mainframe systems products. Its sales (often "wrap & roll" financial deals) helped bring CA enough revenue and market share, especially from existing customers converting from DOS/VSE (z/VSE today) to OS/ MVS (z/OS today), that CA was eventually able to acquire its archrival, UCCEL Corporation, in 1987. Ownership of those industry-standard, flagship products (UCC-1, UCC-7, UCC-11, plus ACF2) made CA the largest independent vendor of mainframe infrastructure software and dominant vendor of OS/ MVS security software with CA-Top Secret (#2 market share) and CA- ACF2 (#1 market share). IBM's Resource Access Control Facility (RACF) product held the #3 market share position. On 24-May-2012, Jeffrey R. Yost, Ph.D. (conservancy.umn.edu/bitstream/handle/11299/132470/oh404bs.pdf) interviewed Barry Schrager, one of ACF2's three original developers, who noted that: (a) When SKK was sold in 1986, ACF2 had a 60% market share while IBM’s RACF and CA’s Top Secret split the other 40%; and (b) Currently (2015), RACF has 75% market share while ACF2 and Top Secret from CA share the other 25 percent. UCCEL's acquisition also made Walter Haefner, that company's half-owner at the time, CA's largest individual shareholder—a distinction he enjoyed until his death in June 2012.[7] Whereas CA's historical focus had been on system utilities including those for the VM/CMS (z/VM today) mainframe platform, the company also sought via its 1986 acquisition of Software
International to compete in the applications arena against Dun & Bradstreet's former market leaders Management Science America (MSA) and McCormack & Dodge (M&D). CA also competed against Microsoft
and Lotus Development Corporation
through the acquisition of companies such as Information Unlimited Software
that provided spreadsheet, word processor, graphics and other applications. In addition to its existing CA-Universe database management system ("DBMS") product, CA acquired independent software vendors Applied Data Research (ADR) in 1988 and Cullinet in 1989. Both companies were struggling against IBM
and its DB2 product offering. In 1987, CA's stock began trading on the New York Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange
using the ticker symbol "CA" following its time (1981–1987) on the NASDAQ using the stock symbol "CASI". As the decade ended, CA became the first software company after Microsoft
to exceed $1 billion in sales. 1990s[edit] Early in the decade, CA was forced to address criticism of the company (lack of strategic focus, incompatibilities among its disparate product lines, a reputation for poor customer service, plus failure to win a significant share in application software and database management system markets) as well as a sharp decline in its stock price, which fell more than 50% during 1990. The ensuing changes included a push into foreign markets (Japan, Canada, Africa, Latin America), reform in how the company charged its customers for software maintenance, and improved compatibility with products from other vendors such as Hewlett-Packard
(HP), Apple Computer, and Digital Equipment Corporation
(DEC). In 1994, CA acquired the ASK Group (which had acquired Ingres Corporation
in 1990) and continued to offer the Ingres database management system under a variety of brand names (for example, OpenIngres, Ingres II, or Advantage Ingres). CA became the target of several competitors' aggressive "rip & replace" sales campaigns, often led by ex-CA employees motivated by revenge.[citation needed] Meanwhile, CA continued its expansion through acquisitions (including many of those competitors), most notably in client/server computing (Legent Corporation
for $1.78 billion in 1995, at that time the biggest-ever acquisition in the software industry) and data storage software (Cheyenne Software
for $1.2 billion in 1996). CA again laid claim to the software industry's then-largest acquisition ($3.5 billion) via Platinum Technology International in 1999. As part of that acquisition, CA obtained the AutoSys distributed systems (vs. mainframe) job scheduler, which Platinum had acquired in 1995. Shortly after its acquisition of Platinum, in order to avoid antitrust problems, CA had to divest itself of certain mainframe products, owning at least six batch processing schedulers. The divestiture was primarily of the Z/Team products (Zeke job scheduler, etc.) originally from Altai, Inc., also acquired by Platinum in 1995. CA had previously initiated a lawsuit against Altai, claiming copyright infringement and trade secret misappropriation (Computer Associates Int'l, Inc. v. Altai Inc.) after discovering in the late 1980s that CA's System Adapter code was in Altai's OSCAR software module. ASG Software Solutions eventually took ownership of those former Altai products. Following CA's acquisition of Uccel in 1987, many of CA's customers felt trapped, considering the company's dominance in mainframe security software, tape management and batch job scheduling. That sense of vendor lock-in was exacerbated when mainframe databases DATACOM/DB
(from ADR) and IDMS
(from Cullinet) were acquired by CA in the very late '80s. Several of CA's customers went blindly "running into the arms" of IBM
following IBM's 1996 acquisition of Tivoli Software. IBM's RACF security software gained significant market share and DB2 replaced much of CA's mainframe database clientele as did Oracle on non-mainframe platforms. CA's 1999 acquisition of Platinum Technology came as a shock, especially since Platinum unabashedly claimed in its sales campaign against smaller ISVs (like Israel's New Dimension Software
and its technically superior CONTROL-M job scheduler) that those competitors could easily be swallowed by CA and that "Platinum would never be acquired by CA." The main reason for defections from CA wasn't that its software was bad, but that its behavior as a vendor was. Those experiences left customers with a bitter taste for ISVs and has since allowed IBM
to portray all ISVs as potential extortionists. CA's stock price (in 2012 dollars) spanned a range from a low of $1.38 in September 1990 to just over $70 in December 1999. 2000s[edit] Entering the new millennium, CA was the assemblage of some 200 acquired companies. CA faced further challenges in the early 2000s including constraints imposed by the U.S. Department of Justice on acquisitions, the need to service and refinance large amounts of debt, and a proxy battle between the board and shareholders.[8] The company also suffered from controversies regarding executive compensation, accounting methods, and insider-trading by its then CEO and chairman, Sanjay Kumar. CA started the India Technology Centre in Hyderabad on December 10, 2003 with an initial group of engineers recruited in the first batch of 50 employees. Between 2004 and 2006, CA made sweeping changes among its board and executive team, including the appointment of a new CEO, John Swainson, plus new appointments to the positions of Chairman, Executive Vice President of Strategy and Business Development, CFO, COO, CTO, Chief Marketing Officer, Chief Administrative Officer, and co-General Counsel, most of which were outside appointments. On September 1, 2009, CA announced CEO John Swainson's decision to retire by the end of the year.[9] During this time, the company presented its Enterprise IT Management (EITM) vision to unify and simplify enterprise-wide IT[10] and debuted the largest number of products in its history. In 2004, CA released Ingres r3 under an open source license. The code includes the DBMS server and utilities and the character-based front-end and application-development tools. In essence, the code has everything except OpenROAD, the Windows 4GL GUI-based development environment. In November 2005, Garnett & Helfrich Capital, in partnership with CA, created a new company called Ingres Corporation, which provides support and services for Ingres, OpenROAD, and the connectivity products. In 2006, CA obtained yet another well-respected, mainframe-centric, job scheduling / workload automation product, ESP, by acquiring Cybermation, Inc. Underscoring the message of a changed company, CA also unveiled a new global branding program to inspire the industry to “Believe Again” in the power of technology to support business.[11] CA changed its name from Computer Associates International, Inc. to CA, Inc. in 2006 and to CA Technologies
CA Technologies
in 2010.[12] In Q2 of 2009, the company announced its support for Lean IT through an announcement of 13 new and enhanced EITM products.[13] 2010s[edit] In 2010, the company acquired eight companies to support its cloud computing strategy: 3Tera,[14] Nimsoft,[15] NetQoS,[16] Oblicore,[17] Cassatt,[18] 4Base Technology,[19] Arcot Systems,[20] and Hyperformix.[21][22] On January 28, 2010, CA Technologies
CA Technologies
announced that William E. McCracken would be its chairman of the board and chief executive officer.[23] On October 22, 2010, the company was ranked among the greenest companies by Newsweek’s Green rankings.[24] In 2011, CA sold its antivirus properties to Updata Partners, which spun the division off as "Total Defense".[25][26] In 2012 Royal Bank of Scotland Group, a UK banking group, told journalists it was considering legal action against CA as a consequence of large-scale disruption in payment processing identified as having a root cause in the CA-7 mainframe job workflow and scheduling software provided by CA.[27] On January 7, 2013, CA Technologies
CA Technologies
announced that Michael P. Gregoire would be a member of the board and new chief executive officer.[28][29] Michael is leading the effort to reshape CA Technologies. The company is shifting R&D spend to new innovations; increasing its focus on market and brand awareness; and, is putting in place the tools and capabilities needed to reach more customers and increase sales velocity.[30] In June 2014, CA Technologies
CA Technologies
moved its headquarters, without an announcement, from Islandia in Suffolk County, to 520 Madison Avenue in New York City.[31] On July 7, 2014, CA Technologies
CA Technologies
announced it entered into a definitive agreement to divest its CA arcserve data protection business (arcserve) to Marlin Equity Partners (Marlin).[32] On May 27, 2015, CA Technologies
CA Technologies
bought Rally Software.[33][34] In December 2016, CA Technologies
CA Technologies
acquired Automic Holding GmbH.[35] In August 2015, CA Technologies
CA Technologies
acquired Xceedium, Inc.[36] In January 2017, CA Technologies
CA Technologies
acquired Automic, formerly UC4 Software
and SBB Software. UC4 was SBB's North American operation specializing in Workload Automation and enterprise job scheduling software products that large and medium-sized organizations use to automate their Information Technology (IT) processes. In March 2017, Beth Conway became the Vice President of CA Technologies. In March 2017, CA Technologies
CA Technologies
acquired Veracode, inc.[37] Controversies[edit] CA has been party to a number of lawsuits over its forty-year history, and particularly so during the period from the early 1990s to early 2000s. One of the higher-profile disputes was a 1992 suit by Electronic Data Systems
Electronic Data Systems
(EDS), which was a CA customer. EDS accused CA of breach of contract, including misuse of copyright and violations of anti-trust laws. CA filed a counter-claim, also alleging breach of contract, including copyright infringement and misappropriation of trade secrets.[38] The companies reached a settlement in 1996.[39][40] Meanwhile, a hostile (and unsuccessful) takeover bid by CA in 1998 for computer consulting firm Computer Sciences Corporation
(CSC) prompted a bribery suit by CSC’s then chairman Van Honeycutt against CA’s founder and then CEO, Charles Wang.[41] Further controversy followed in 1999 when Wang received the largest bonus in history at that time from a public company. Moreover, this receipt (a $670 million stock grant that dated to the vesting of a 1995 stock option)[42] occurred while the company faced a slowdown in European markets and an economic slump in Asia, both of which had affected CA's earnings and stock price. In total, the company took a $675 million after-tax charge for $1.1 billion in payouts to Wang and other top CA executives.[40][43] In 2000 a shareholder-based class-action lawsuit accused CA of misstating more than $500 million in revenue in its 1998 and 1999 fiscal years in order to artificially inflate its stock price.[44] An investigation by the Securities and Exchange Commission
Securities and Exchange Commission
(SEC) also followed, which resulted in charges against the company and some of its former top executives.[45] The SEC alleged that from 1998 to 2000, CA routinely kept its books open to include quarterly revenue from contracts executed after the quarter ended in order to meet Wall Street analysts’ expectations.[46] The company reached a settlement with the SEC and Department of Justice in 2004, agreeing to pay $225 million in restitution to shareholders and to reform its corporate governance and financial accounting controls.[47] Eight CA executives since pleaded guilty to fraud charges – most notably, former CEO and chairman Sanjay Kumar, who received a 12-year prison sentence for orchestrating the scandal.[48] The company subsequently made sweeping changes through virtually all of its senior leadership positions.[49] Acquisitions[edit] CA has a long history of acquisitions in the software industry; some of the largest are listed below.[40]

Acquisition date Company Business Country Value (USD) Used as / Integrated with References

000000001981-01-01-00001981 Viking Data Systems, Inc.



000000001982-01-01-00001982 Capex Corporation OS/ MVS (primarily) and DOS/VSE USA $7007220000000000000♠22,000,000


000000001983-01-01-00001983 Stewart P. Orr Associates

USA $7006200000000000000♠2,000,000


000000001983-01-01-00001983 Information Unlimited Software Word processing USA $7007100000000000000♠10,000,000


000000001984-01-01-00001984 Johnson Systems, Inc. Job accounting USA $7007160000000000000♠16,000,000


000000001984-01-01-00001984 Sorcim Spreadsheets USA $7007270000000000000♠27,000,000 CA-SuperCalc [52]

000000001985-01-01-00001985 Arkay Computer DOS/VSE migration to MVS USA Undisclosed CA-CONVERTOR [52][54]

000000001985-01-01-00001985 Top Secret - from CGA Computer Computer Security USA $7007250000000000000♠25,000,000 CA-Top Secret [52][55]

000000001986-01-01-00001986 Integrated Software
Systems Corporation Computer graphics USA $7007670000000000000♠67,000,000


000000001986-01-01-00001986 Software
International Accounting software USA $7007240000000000000♠24,000,000


000000001987-01-01-00001987 Uccel Tape Management System, Job scheduling, Rerun/Restart, Mainframe Security USA $7008870000000000000♠870,000,000 Unicenter CA-1, CA-7, CA-11, CA-ACF2 [52][56]

000000001988-01-01-00001988 Applied Data Research Flowcharting software, Database
management system USA $7008170000000000000♠170,000,000 CA Datacom/DB [52][57]

000000001989-12-25-0000December 25, 1989 Cullinet Database
management system USA $7008300000000000000♠300,000,000 CA IDMS [58]

000000001991-08-01-0000August 1991 On-Line Software
International Inc Debuggers USA $7008120000000000000♠120,000,000


000000001991-09-16-0000September 16, 1991 Pansophic Systems Change management USA $7008290000000000000♠290,000,000


000000001991-12-02-0000December 2, 1991 Access Technology VAX USA


000000001992-05-06-0000May 6, 1992 Nantucket Corporation Xbase USA $7007800000000000000♠80,000,000 CA-Clipper [63]

000000001992-10-01-0000October 1992 Glockenspiel C++
compiler USA

Aspen [64]

000000001994-05-30-0000May 30, 1994 ASK Corporation Unix
database USA $7008311000000000000♠311,000,000 Ingres [65]

000000001995-05-25-0000May 25, 1995 Legent Corporation

USA $7009178000000000000♠1,780,000,000


000000001996-10-07-0000October 7, 1996 Cheyenne Software Backup USA $7009120000000000000♠1,200,000,000 CA ARCserve [67]

000000001997-11-12-0000November 12, 1997 Avalan Technology, Inc.



000000001997-12-23-0000December 23, 1997 AI Ware Artificial intelligence USA Undisclosed


000000001998-08-05-0000August 5, 1998 Realogic, Inc. Consulting USA Undisclosed Global Professional Services Division [70]

000000001998-01-01-00001998 LDA Systems, Inc. Consulting USA Undisclosed Global Professional Services Division [71]

000000001998-10-29-0000October 29, 1998 Viewpoint DataLabs International, Inc.



000000001998-09-02-0000September 2, 1998 QXCOM database management for Lotus Notes USA

Unicenter TNG Lotus Notes/Domino [73]

000000001999-02-08-0000February 8, 1999 Computer Management Sciences, Inc

USA $7008435000000000000♠435,000,000


000000001999-03-29-0000March 29, 1999 Platinum Technology

USA $7009350000000000000♠3,500,000,000


000000002000-01-01-00002000 Applied Management Systems Inc.


000000002000-10-09-0000October 9, 2000 Sterling Software

USA $7009391000000000000♠3,910,000,000


000000002003-01-01-00002003 SilentRunner



000000002003-01-01-00002003 Netreon SAN management USA

BrightStor SAN Designer [78]

000000002004-03-11-0000March 11, 2004 Miramar PC migration USA Undisclosed Brightstor [79]

000000002004-08-16-0000August 16, 2004 PestPatrol Anti-spyware USA Undisclosed CA Anti-Spyware [80][81]

000000002004-10-06-0000October 6, 2004 Netegrity Network security USA $7008430000000000000♠430,000,000 eTrust [82]

000000002005-06-27-0000June 27, 2005 Tiny Software Personal firewall USA Undisclosed CA Personal Firewall [83]

000000002005-06-07-0000June 7, 2005 Concord Communications Network Management USA $350,000,000 Spectrum Network Management [84]

000000002005-10-17-0000October 17, 2005 iLumin e-mail archiving USA Undisclosed Brightstor [85]

000000002005-06-10-0000June 10, 2005 Niku IT Governance USA $7008350000000000000♠350,000,000 Clarity [86]

000000002006-01-05-0000January 5, 2006 Wily Technology Application performance management USA $7008375000000000000♠375,000,000


000000002006-07-12-0000July 12, 2006 XOSoft backup USA

CA ARCserve [88]

000000002006-04-13-0000April 13, 2006 Cybermation Mainframe management USA $7007750000000000000♠75,000,000


000000002006-01-11-0000January 11, 2006 Control-F1



000000002006-09-27-0000September 27, 2006 Cendura Application management USA


000000002006-06-14-0000June 14, 2006 MDY Group Records retention management USA


000000002008-10-07-0000October 7, 2008 IDFocus Identity management USA Undisclosed


000000002008-11-13-0000November 13, 2008 Eurekify Role-based access control Israel Undisclosed


000000002009-01-05-0000January 5, 2009 Orchestria Data security USA Undisclosed


000000002009-11-19-0000November 19, 2009 NetQoS


CA NetQoS Super Agent [96]

000000002010-01-11-0000January 11, 2010 Oblicore Service level management USA


000000002009-06-02-0000June 2, 2009 Cassatt Data center
Data center
automation USA


000000002010-02-24-0000February 24, 2010 3tera Cloud computing USA Undisclosed CA Spectrum Infrastructure Manager [99]

000000002010-03-11-0000March 11, 2010 Nimsoft Application monitoring USA $350,000,000


000000002010-08-12-0000August 12, 2010 4Base Technology Cloud computing
Cloud computing
consulting USA Undisclosed Global Virtualization and Cloud Consulting Team [101]

000000002010-08-30-0000August 30, 2010 Arcot Authentication USA $200,000,000 SiteMinder [102]

000000002010-09-28-0000September 28, 2010 Hyperformix Capacity planning USA Undisclosed


000000002011-08-16-0000August 16, 2011 Itko Service virtualization and API Testing USA $330,000,000 CA LISA, DevTest Solutions [104]

000000002011-08-16-0000August 16, 2011 WatchMouse Website Monitoring Netherlands Undisclosed CA APM Cloudmonitor [105][106]

000000002013-04-22-0000April 22, 2013 Layer 7 Technologies API Management Canada $155,000,000


000000002013-04-22-0000April 22, 2013 Nolio Application release automation Israel +$40,000,000 CA Release Automation [109]

000000002015-05-27-0000May 27, 2015 Rally Software
Development Corp. Cloud-based Agile development management platform United States $480,000,000 CA Agile Central [110]

000000002015-08-17-0000August 17, 2015 Xceedium Inc Privileged identity and access management United States Undisclosed


000000002015-06-04-0000June 4, 2015 Grid Tools Ltd. Provider of enterprise test data management, automated test design and optimization software solutions United Kingdom Undisclosed


000000002015-06-08-0000June 8, 2015 IdMLogic Developer of intelligent identity management applications Israel Undisclosed


October 12, 2016 BlazeMeter SaaS-based Open-Source Test Execution Platform Israel Undisclosed


000000002016-12-01-0000December 1, 2016 Automic Business automation Austria $635m


000000002017-03-06-0000March 6, 2017 Veracode SaaS-based Secure DevOps Platform Provider United States $614m


000000002017-09-28-0000September 28, 2017 Runscope API Monitoring United States Undisclosed


See also[edit]

Companies portal

AppNeta CA IT Process Automation Manager Dynatrace Endevor Inedo LA Technology and Softline Nastel New Relic Riverbed Technology Splunk Sumo Logic Tech companies in the New York metropolitan area XebiaLabs


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