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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Compiègne
Compiègne
(French pronunciation: ​[kɔ̃pjɛɲ]) is a commune in the Oise
Oise
department in northern France.[1] It is located on the Oise
Oise
River.[1] Its inhabitants are called Compiégnois.

Contents

1 Administration 2 History

2.1 Population

3 Sights

3.1 Museums 3.2 Compiègne
Compiègne
Forest

4 The University of Technology of Compiègne 5 Transport 6 Cycling 7 Personalities 8 International relations

8.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Administration[edit] Compiègne
Compiègne
is the seat of two cantons:

Compiègne-1 (with 19 communes and part of Compiègne) Compiègne-2 (with 16 communes and part of Compiègne)

History[edit]

665 - Saint Wilfrid
Wilfrid
was consecrated Bishop of York. Wilfrid
Wilfrid
refused to be consecrated in Northumbria
Northumbria
at the hands of Anglo-Saxon
Anglo-Saxon
bishops. Deusdedit, Archbishop of Canterbury, had died, and as there were no other bishops in Britain whom Wilfrid
Wilfrid
considered to have been validly consecrated, he travelled to Compiègne, to be consecrated by Agilbert, the Bishop of Paris.

833 - Louis the Pious
Louis the Pious
(also known as King Louis I, the Debonair) was deposed in Compiègne.[1]

February 888 - Odo, Count of Paris
Odo, Count of Paris
and king of the Franks
Franks
was crowned in Compiègne.

23 May 1430 - During the Hundred Years' War, Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
was captured by the Burgundians
Burgundians
while attempting to free Compiègne. They then sold her to the English.

1624 - Compiègne
Compiègne
gave its name to the Treaty of Compiègne, a treaty of alliance concluded by Cardinal Richelieu
Cardinal Richelieu
with the Dutch.[1]

1630 - Marie de' Medici's attempts to displace Richelieu ultimately led to her exile to Compiègne, from where she escaped to Brussels
Brussels
in 1631.

17 July 1794 - The Martyrs of Compiègne
Martyrs of Compiègne
are executed in Paris
Paris
during the Reign of Terror.

1900 - The golf events for the 1900 Summer Olympics
1900 Summer Olympics
took place.[2]

11 November 1918 - The Armistice with Germany
Germany
(Compiègne), agreed at Le Francport near Compiègne, ends fighting of World War I

22 June 1940 - Another Armistice with France
France
(Second Compiègne) was signed between Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and the defeated France
France
in Le Francport, near Compiègne, in the same place as in 1918, in the same railroad carriage, but with the seats swapped.

1941 - During the German occupation of France, the Compiègne internment camp was established in Compiègne. A memorial of the camp, and another along the railway tracks, commemorate the tragedy.

1968 - The starting location of the Paris–Roubaix
Paris–Roubaix
bicycle race was changed from Paris
Paris
to Compiègne.

1972 - Creation of the University of Technology of Compiègne

2004 - The Communauté de Communes de la Région de Compiègne
Compiègne
becomes a partner in a European Union INTERREG IIIb project called SAND (see link below)

Population[edit]

1882: 13,393 1990: 41,663 (municipal), 44,703 (total) 1999: 41,076 (municipal), 44,703 (total), 69,903 (agglomeration), urban (108,234)

Sights[edit]

View of Compiègne

Museums[edit]

Château de Compiègne
Château de Compiègne
- the castle itself, and museums of the Second French Empire and of motoring and tourism within its walls Musée Antoine Vivenel Museum of historic figurines Memorial of internment and deportation

Compiègne
Compiègne
Forest[edit] Main article: Compiègne
Compiègne
Forest The Glade of the Armistice
Glade of the Armistice
in the Compiègne Forest
Compiègne Forest
was the site of the signing of two armistices; those of 11 November 1918 and 22 June 1940. Hitler specifically chose the location of the second, and had the original signing carriage moved from Paris
Paris
to Compiègne, as an irony for the defeated French. The site still houses several memorials to the 1918 armistice, including a copy of the original railway carriage. The original, Marshal Foch's Carriage was taken to Germany
Germany
as a trophy of victory following the second armistice. Various rumors about what happened to this railway-carriage thereafter, have flourished ever since. Some believe it was destroyed by the SS in Thuringia
Thuringia
in April 1945; others say this happened in Berlin, but most likely was it destroyed during an allied air-raid on Berlin. The latter version seems most plausible, since Ferdinand Foch's carriage actually was displayed at a Berlin museum.[3][4][5] The University of Technology of Compiègne[edit] Main article: University of Technology of Compiègne Compiègne
Compiègne
is home to the famous University of Technology of Compiègne
Compiègne
(UTC), one of the top ranking engineering school in France, founded as a Technology University in 1972 to provide an alternative to the traditional "grandes écoles" for students interested in technologies and applied science.[6] Transport[edit] The Gare de Compiègne
Gare de Compiègne
railway station offers connections with Paris, Amiens, Cambrai and several regional destinations. The nearest motorway is the A1 Paris-Lille. Cycling[edit] Since 1968 Compiègne
Compiègne
is the traditional start city of the famous Paris–Roubaix
Paris–Roubaix
bicycle race. It was also the finish city of 3rd stage in the 2007 Tour de France. Personalities[edit] Compiègne
Compiègne
was the birthplace of:

Roscellinus (~1050 - ~1122), philosopher and theologian, often regarded as the founder of Nominalism Pierre d'Ailly (1350–1420), theologian and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church Albert Robida
Albert Robida
(1848–1926), illustrator, etcher, lithographer, caricaturist, and novelist Eugène Albertini (1880–1941), teacher in Latin literature, historian of ancient Rome, and epigrapher of Latin texts Marcel Tabuteau
Marcel Tabuteau
(1887–1966), Oboist, regarded as the founder of American oboe playing. Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
(1899–1938), tennis player, international female sport star Lucas Debargue (1990–), pianist and composer who worked in both the classical and jazz fields.

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France Twin towns – Sister cities[edit] Compiègne
Compiègne
is twinned with:

Arona, Italy, since 1962 Bury St Edmunds, England, since 1967 Elbląg, Poland, since 2002[7][8] Guimarães, Portugal, since 2006 Huy, Belgium, since 1959

Kiryat Tivon, Israel, since 1988 Landshut, Germany, since 1962 Raleigh, North Carolina, United States, since 1989 Shirakawa, Fukushima, Japan, since 1988 Vianden, Luxembourg, since 1964

Compiègne
Compiègne
is also partnered with:

Beauvais, France

See also[edit]

Communes of the Oise
Oise
department Dialogues of the Carmelites Martyrs of Compiegne Monument aux morts (Oise) Siege of Compiègne Timeline of deportations of French Jews to death camps

References[edit]

^ a b c d  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Compiègne". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 811.  ^ 1900 Summer Olympics
1900 Summer Olympics
official report. p. 15. Accessed 14 November 2010. (in French) ^ Moved to Berlin
Berlin
- Steven Budiansky, "The Complete story of Codebreaking during WW2",ISBN 0-684-85932-7, page 136 ^ Moved to Berlin, and there destroyed in an air-raid - Brian Hanley, "Planning for Conflict in the 21st Century", page 116" available here [1] ^ Also William L Shirer
William L Shirer
in his "The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich" (unknown ISBN) states it was destroyed during a bombing raid on Berlin ^ https://www.utc.fr/en/utc.html ^ " Elbląg
Elbląg
- Podstrony / Miasta partnerskie". Elbląski Dziennik Internetowy (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2011-03-15. Retrieved 2013-08-01.  ^ " Elbląg
Elbląg
- Miasta partnerskie". Elbląg.net (in Polish). Retrieved 2013-08-01. 

INSEE commune file

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Compiègne.

City council website (in French) Le musée du château/The Château museum SAND Project site Memorial to Nazi/French Internment Camp and Deportations During WW2 Steven Lehrer's Compiègne
Compiègne
site INTERREG Universite de Technologie de Compiegne Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
Captured At Compiegne customized transport in compiègne Concerts in Compiègne

Places adjacent to Compiègne

Clairoix, Choisy-au-Bac
Choisy-au-Bac
and Margny-lès-Compiègne

Jaux, Venette

Compiègne

Saint-Jean-aux-Bois and Vieux-Moulin

Lacroix-Saint-Ouen

v t e

Communes of the Oise
Oise
department

Abancourt Abbecourt Abbeville-Saint-Lucien Achy Acy-en-Multien Les Ageux Agnetz Airion Allonne Amblainville Amy Andeville Angicourt Angivillers Angy Ansacq Ansauvillers Antheuil-Portes Antilly Appilly Apremont Armancourt Arsy Attichy Auchy-la-Montagne Auger-Saint-Vincent Aumont-en-Halatte Auneuil Auteuil Autheuil-en-Valois Autrêches Avilly-Saint-Léonard Avrechy Avricourt Avrigny Babœuf Bachivillers Bacouël Bailleul-le-Soc Bailleul-sur-Thérain Bailleval Bailly Balagny-sur-Thérain Barbery Bargny Baron Baugy Bazancourt Bazicourt Beaudéduit Beaugies-sous-Bois Beaulieu-les-Fontaines Beaumont-les-Nonains Beaurains-lès-Noyon Beaurepaire Beauvais Beauvoir Béhéricourt Belle-Église Belloy Berlancourt Berneuil-en-Bray Berneuil-sur-Aisne Berthecourt Béthancourt-en-Valois Béthisy-Saint-Martin Béthisy-Saint-Pierre Betz Bienville Biermont Bitry Blacourt Blaincourt-lès-Précy Blancfossé Blargies Blicourt Blincourt Boissy-Fresnoy Boissy-le-Bois Bonlier Bonneuil-en-Valois Bonneuil-les-Eaux Bonnières Bonvillers Boran-sur-Oise Borest Bornel Boubiers Bouconvillers Bouillancy Boullarre Boulogne-la-Grasse Boursonne Boury-en-Vexin Boutavent Boutencourt Bouvresse Braisnes-sur-Aronde Brasseuse Brégy Brenouille Bresles Breteuil Brétigny Breuil-le-Sec Breuil-le-Vert Briot Brombos Broquiers Broyes Brunvillers-la-Motte Bucamps Buicourt Bulles Bury Bussy Caisnes Cambronne-lès-Clermont Cambronne-lès-Ribécourt Campagne Campeaux Campremy Candor Canly Cannectancourt Canny-sur-Matz Canny-sur-Thérain Carlepont Catenoy Catheux Catigny Catillon-Fumechon Cauffry Cauvigny Cempuis Cernoy Chamant Chambly Chambors Chantilly La Chapelle-en-Serval Chaumont-en-Vexin Chavençon Chelles Chepoix Chevincourt Chèvreville Chevrières Chiry-Ourscamp Choisy-au-Bac Choisy-la-Victoire Choqueuse-les-Bénards Cinqueux Cires-lès-Mello Clairoix Clermont Coivrel Compiègne Conchy-les-Pots Conteville Corbeil-Cerf Cormeilles Le Coudray-Saint-Germer Le Coudray-sur-Thelle Coudun Couloisy Courcelles-Epayelles Courcelles-lès-Gisors Courteuil Courtieux Coye-la-Forêt Cramoisy Crapeaumesnil Creil Crépy-en-Valois Cressonsacq Crèvecœur-le-Grand Crèvecœur-le-Petit Crillon Crisolles Le Crocq Croissy-sur-Celle Croutoy Crouy-en-Thelle Cuignières Cuigy-en-Bray Cuise-la-Motte Cuts Cuvergnon Cuvilly Cuy Daméraucourt Dargies Delincourt Dieudonné Dives Doméliers Domfront Dompierre La Drenne Duvy Écuvilly Élencourt Élincourt-Sainte-Marguerite Éméville Énencourt-Léage Énencourt-le-Sec Épineuse Éragny-sur-Epte Ercuis Ermenonville Ernemont-Boutavent Erquery Erquinvillers Escames Esches Escles-Saint-Pierre Espaubourg Esquennoy Essuiles Estrées-Saint-Denis Étavigny Étouy Ève Évricourt Le Fayel Fay-les-Étangs Le Fay-Saint-Quentin Feigneux Ferrières Feuquières Fitz-James Flavacourt Flavy-le-Meldeux Fléchy Fleurines Fleury Fontaine-Bonneleau Fontaine-Chaalis Fontaine-Lavaganne Fontaine-Saint-Lucien Fontenay-Torcy Formerie Fouilleuse Fouilloy Foulangues Fouquenies Fouquerolles Fournival Francastel Francières Fréniches Fresne-Léguillon Fresneaux-Montchevreuil Fresnières Fresnoy-en-Thelle Fresnoy-la-Rivière Fresnoy-le-Luat Le Frestoy-Vaux Frétoy-le-Château Frocourt Froissy Le Gallet Gannes Gaudechart Genvry Gerberoy Gilocourt Giraumont Glaignes Glatigny Godenvillers Goincourt Golancourt Gondreville Gourchelles Gournay-sur-Aronde Gouvieux Gouy-les-Groseillers Grandfresnoy Grandrû Grandvillers-aux-Bois Grandvilliers Grémévillers Grez Guignecourt Guiscard Gury Hadancourt-le-Haut-Clocher Hainvillers Halloy Le Hamel Hannaches Hanvoile Hardivillers Hardivillers-en-Vexin Haucourt Haudivillers Hautbos Haute-Épine Hautefontaine Hécourt Heilles Hémévillers Hénonville Herchies La Hérelle Héricourt-sur-Thérain Hermes Hétomesnil Hodenc-en-Bray Hodenc-l'Évêque Hondainville Houdancourt La Houssoye Ivors Ivry-le-Temple Jaméricourt Janville Jaulzy Jaux Jonquières Jouy-sous-Thelle Juvignies Laberlière Laboissière-en-Thelle Labosse Labruyère Lachapelle-aux-Pots Lachapelle-Saint-Pierre Lachapelle-sous-Gerberoy Lachaussée-du-Bois-d'Écu Lachelle Lacroix-Saint-Ouen Lafraye Lagny Lagny-le-Sec Laigneville Lalande-en-Son Lalandelle Lamécourt Lamorlaye Lannoy-Cuillère Larbroye Lassigny Lataule Lattainville Lavacquerie Laverrière Laversines Lavilletertre Léglantiers Lévignen Lhéraule Liancourt Liancourt-Saint-Pierre Libermont Lierville Lieuvillers Lihus Litz Loconville Longueil-Annel Longueil-Sainte-Marie Lormaison Loueuse Luchy Machemont Maignelay-Montigny Maimbeville Maisoncelle-Saint-Pierre Maisoncelle-Tuilerie Aux Marais Marest-sur-Matz Mareuil-la-Motte Mareuil-sur-Ourcq Margny-aux-Cerises Margny-lès-Compiègne Margny-sur-Matz Marolles Marquéglise Marseille-en-Beauvaisis Martincourt Maucourt Maulers Maysel Mélicocq Mello Ménévillers Méru Méry-la-Bataille Le Mesnil-Conteville Le Mesnil-en-Thelle Le Mesnil-Saint-Firmin Le Mesnil-sur-Bulles Le Mesnil-Théribus Le Meux Milly-sur-Thérain Mogneville Moliens Monceaux Monceaux-l'Abbaye Monchy-Humières Monchy-Saint-Éloi Mondescourt Monneville Montagny-en-Vexin Montagny-Sainte-Félicité Montataire Montépilloy Montgérain Montiers Montjavoult Mont-l'Évêque Montlognon Montmacq Montmartin Montreuil-sur-Brêche Montreuil-sur-Thérain Monts Le Mont-Saint-Adrien Morangles Morienval Morlincourt Mortefontaine Mortefontaine-en-Thelle Mortemer Morvillers Mory-Montcrux Mouchy-le-Châtel Moulin-sous-Touvent Mouy Moyenneville Moyvillers Muidorge Muirancourt Mureaumont Nampcel Nanteuil-le-Haudouin Néry Neufchelles Neufvy-sur-Aronde Neuilly-en-Thelle Neuilly-sous-Clermont Neuville-Bosc La Neuville-en-Hez La Neuville-Garnier La Neuville-Roy La Neuville-Saint-Pierre La Neuville-sur-Oudeuil La Neuville-sur-Ressons La Neuville-Vault Nivillers Noailles Nogent-sur-Oise Nointel Noirémont Noroy Nourard-le-Franc Novillers Noyers-Saint-Martin Noyon Offoy Ognes Ognolles Ognon Omécourt Ons-en-Bray Ormoy-le-Davien Ormoy-Villers Oroër Orrouy Orry-la-Ville Orvillers-Sorel Oudeuil Oursel-Maison Paillart Parnes Passel Péroy-les-Gombries Pierrefitte-en-Beauvaisis Pierrefonds Pimprez Pisseleu Plailly Plainval Plainville Le Plessier-sur-Bulles Le Plessier-sur-Saint-Just Le Plessis-Belleville Le Plessis-Brion Plessis-de-Roye Le Plessis-Patte-d'Oie Le Ployron Ponchon Pontarmé Pont-l'Évêque Pontoise-lès-Noyon Pontpoint Pont-Sainte-Maxence Porcheux Porquéricourt Pouilly Précy-sur-Oise Prévillers Pronleroy Puiseux-en-Bray Puiseux-le-Hauberger Puits-la-Vallée Quesmy Le Quesnel-Aubry Quincampoix-Fleuzy Quinquempoix Rainvillers Rantigny Raray Ravenel Réez-Fosse-Martin Reilly Rémécourt Rémérangles Remy Ressons-sur-Matz Rethondes Reuil-sur-Brêche Rhuis Ribécourt-Dreslincourt Ricquebourg Rieux Rivecourt Roberval Rochy-Condé Rocquemont Rocquencourt Romescamps Rosières Rosoy Rosoy-en-Multien Rotangy Rothois Rousseloy Rouville Rouvillers Rouvres-en-Multien Rouvroy-les-Merles Roy-Boissy Royaucourt Roye-sur-Matz La Rue-Saint-Pierre Rully Russy-Bémont Sacy-le-Grand Sacy-le-Petit Sains-Morainvillers Saint-André-Farivillers Saint-Arnoult Saint-Aubin-en-Bray Saint-Aubin-sous-Erquery Saint-Crépin-aux-Bois Saint-Crépin-Ibouvillers Saint-Deniscourt Sainte-Eusoye Sainte-Geneviève Saint-Étienne-Roilaye Saint-Félix Saint-Germain-la-Poterie Saint-Germer-de-Fly Saintines Saint-Jean-aux-Bois Saint-Just-en-Chaussée Saint-Léger-aux-Bois Saint-Léger-en-Bray Saint-Leu-d'Esserent Saint-Martin-aux-Bois Saint-Martin-le-Nœud Saint-Martin-Longueau Saint-Maur Saint-Maximin Saint-Omer-en-Chaussée Saint-Paul Saint-Pierre-es-Champs Saint-Pierre-lès-Bitry Saint-Quentin-des-Prés Saint-Remy-en-l'Eau Saint-Samson-la-Poterie Saint-Sauveur Saint-Sulpice Saint-Thibault Saint-Vaast-de-Longmont Saint-Vaast-lès-Mello Saint-Valery Salency Sarcus Sarnois Le Saulchoy Savignies Sempigny Senantes Senlis Senots Serans Sérévillers Sérifontaine Sermaize Séry-Magneval Silly-le-Long Silly-Tillard Solente Sommereux Songeons Sully Suzoy Talmontiers Tartigny Therdonne Thérines Thibivillers Thiers-sur-Thève Thiescourt Thieuloy-Saint-Antoine Thieux Thiverny Thourotte Thury-en-Valois Thury-sous-Clermont Tillé Tourly Tracy-le-Mont Tracy-le-Val Tricot Trie-Château Trie-la-Ville Troissereux Trosly-Breuil Troussencourt Trumilly Ully-Saint-Georges Valdampierre Valescourt Vandélicourt Varesnes Varinfroy Vauchelles Vauciennes Vaudancourt Le Vaumain Vaumoise Le Vauroux Velennes Vendeuil-Caply Venette Ver-sur-Launette Verberie Verderel-lès-Sauqueuse Verderonne Verneuil-en-Halatte Versigny Vez Viefvillers Vieux-Moulin Vignemont Ville Villembray Villeneuve-les-Sablons La Villeneuve-sous-Thury Villeneuve-sur-Verberie Villers-Saint-Barthélemy Villers-Saint-Frambourg Villers-Saint-Genest Villers-Saint-Paul Villers-Saint-Sépulcre Villers-sous-Saint-Leu Villers-sur-Auchy Villers-sur-Bonnières Villers-sur-Coudun Villers-sur-Trie Villers-Vermont Villers-Vicomte Villeselve Villotran Vineuil-Saint-Firmin Vrocourt Wacquemoulin Wambez Warluis Wavignies Welles-Pérennes

v t e

Venues of the 1900 Summer Olympics

7th arrondissement of Paris Bois de Boulogne Bois de Vincennes Boulogne-Billancourt Compiègne Croix-Catelan Stadium Le Havre Meulan-en-Yvelines Neuilly-sur-Seine Puteaux Satory Seine Tuileries Garden Vélodrome de Vincennes

v t e

Olympic venues in discontinued events

Baseball

1984 (demonstration): Dodger Stadium 1988 (demonstration): Jamsil Baseball Stadium 1992: Camp Municipal de Beisbol de Viladecans, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat Baseball Stadium (final) 1996: Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium 2000: Blacktown Olympic Park, Sydney Baseball Stadium (final) 2004: Hellinikon Olympic Baseball Centre 2008: Wukesong Baseball Field 2020: Yokohama Stadium, Fukushima Azuma Baseball Stadium 2024: Stade Sébastien Charléty 2028: Dodger Stadium, Angel Stadium

Basque pelota

1900: Neuilly-sur-Seine 1992 (demonstration): Pavelló de la Vall d'Hebron

Cricket

1900: Vélodrome de Vincennes

Croquet

1900: Bois de Boulogne

Jeu de paume

1908: Queen's Club

Lacrosse

1904: Francis Field 1908: White City Stadium

Polo

1900: Bois de Boulogne 1908: Hurlingham Club 1920: Ostend 1924: Bagatelle, Saint-Cloud 1936: Mayfield

Rackets

1908: All England
England
Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club

Roque

1904: Francis Field

Softball

1996: Golden Park 2000: Blacktown Olympic Park 2004: Hellinikon Olympic Softball Stadium 2008: Fengtai Softball Field 2020: Yokohama Stadium 2024: Stade Sébastien Charléty 2028: Dodger Stadium, Angel Stadium

Tug of war

1900: Bois de Boulogne 1904: Francis Field 1908: White City Stadium 1912: Stockholm Olympic Stadium 1920: Olympisch Stadion

Water motorsports

1908: Southampton Water

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 151351000 LCCN: n86017771 GND: 4090519-6 BNF:

.