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(i) (i) (i) (i)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

COMPIèGNE (French pronunciation: ​ ) is a commune in the Oise department in northern France
France
. It is located on the Oise
Oise
River . Its inhabitants are called Compiégnois.

CONTENTS

* 1 Administration

* 2 History

* 2.1 Population

* 3 Sights

* 3.1 Museums * 3.2 Compiègne Forest
Compiègne Forest

* 4 The University of Technology of Compiègne * 5 Transport * 6 Cycling * 7 Personalities

* 8 International relations

* 8.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

* 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links

ADMINISTRATION

Compiègne
Compiègne
is the seat of two cantons :

* Compiègne-1 (with 19 communes and part of Compiègne) * Compiègne-2 (with 16 communes and part of Compiègne)

HISTORY

665 - Saint Wilfrid
Wilfrid
was consecrated Bishop of York
York
. Wilfrid
Wilfrid
refused to be consecrated in Northumbria
Northumbria
at the hands of Anglo-Saxon
Anglo-Saxon
bishops. Deusdedit , Archbishop of Canterbury, had died, and as there were no other bishops in Britain whom Wilfrid
Wilfrid
considered to have been validly consecrated, he travelled to Compiègne, to be consecrated by Agilbert , the Bishop of Paris. 833 - Louis the Pious
Louis the Pious
(also known as King Louis I, the Debonair) was deposed in Compiègne. February 888 - Odo, Count of Paris
Odo, Count of Paris
and king of the Franks
Franks
was crowned in Compiègne. 23 May 1430 - During the Hundred Years\' War , Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
was captured by the Burgundians
Burgundians
while attempting to free Compiègne
Compiègne
. They then sold her to the English. 1624 - Compiègne
Compiègne
gave its name to the Treaty of Compiègne
Compiègne
, a treaty of alliance concluded by Cardinal Richelieu with the Dutch. 1630 - Marie de\' Medici 's attempts to displace Richelieu ultimately led to her exile to Compiègne, from where she escaped to Brussels
Brussels
in 1631. 17 July 1794 - The Martyrs of Compiègne
Compiègne
are executed in Paris
Paris
during the Reign of Terror
Reign of Terror
. 1900 - The golf events for the 1900 Summer Olympics
1900 Summer Olympics
took place. 11 November 1918 - The Armistice with Germany (Compiègne)
Armistice with Germany (Compiègne)
, agreed at Le Francport near Compiègne, ends fighting of World War I
World War I
22 June 1940 - Another Armistice with France
France
(Second Compiègne) was signed between Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and the defeated France
France
in Le Francport, near Compiègne, in the same place as in 1918, in the same railroad carriage, but with the seats swapped. 1941 - During the German occupation of France, the Compiègne internment camp was established in Compiègne. A memorial of the camp, and another along the railway tracks, commemorate the tragedy. 1968 - The starting location of the Paris–Roubaix
Paris–Roubaix
bicycle race was changed from Paris
Paris
to Compiègne. 1972 - Creation of the University of Technology of Compiègne 2004 - The Communauté de Communes de la Région de Compiègne
Compiègne
becomes a partner in a European Union INTERREG IIIb project called SAND (see link below)

POPULATION

* 1882: 13,393 * 1990: 41,663 (municipal), 44,703 (total) * 1999: 41,076 (municipal), 44,703 (total), 69,903 (agglomeration), urban (108,234)

SIGHTS

View of Compiègne
Compiègne

MUSEUMS

* Château de Compiègne
Château de Compiègne
- the castle itself, and museums of the Second French Empire
Second French Empire
and of motoring and tourism within its walls * Musée Antoine Vivenel * Museum of historic figurines * Memorial of internment and deportation

COMPIèGNE FOREST

Main article: Compiègne Forest
Compiègne Forest

The Glade of the Armistice in the Compiègne Forest
Compiègne Forest
was the site of the signing of two armistices; those of 11 November 1918 and 22 June 1940 . Hitler specifically chose the location of the second, and had the original signing carriage moved from Paris
Paris
to Compiègne, as an irony for the defeated French.

The site still houses several memorials to the 1918 armistice, including a copy of the original railway carriage. The original, Marshal Foch\'s Carriage was taken to Germany
Germany
as a trophy of victory following the second armistice. Various rumors about what happened to this railway-carriage thereafter, have flourished ever since. Some believe it was destroyed by the SS in Thuringia in April 1945; others say this happened in Berlin
Berlin
, but most likely was it destroyed during an allied air-raid on Berlin. The latter version seems most plausible, since Ferdinand Foch
Ferdinand Foch
's carriage actually was displayed at a Berlin museum.

THE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY OF COMPIèGNE

Main article: University of Technology of Compiègne

Compiègne
Compiègne
is home to the famous UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY OF COMPIèGNE (UTC), one of the top ranking engineering school in France, founded as a Technology University in 1972 to provide an alternative to the traditional "grandes écoles" for students interested in technologies and applied science.

TRANSPORT

The Gare de Compiègne
Gare de Compiègne
railway station offers connections with Paris, Amiens, Cambrai and several regional destinations. The nearest motorway is the A1 Paris-Lille.

CYCLING

Since 1968 Compiègne
Compiègne
is the traditional start city of the famous Paris–Roubaix
Paris–Roubaix
bicycle race . It was also the finish city of 3rd stage in the 2007 Tour de France
France
.

PERSONALITIES

Compiègne
Compiègne
was the birthplace of:

* Roscellinus (~1050 - ~1122), philosopher and theologian , often regarded as the founder of Nominalism * Pierre d\'Ailly (1350–1420), theologian and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
* Albert Robida (1848–1926), illustrator, etcher, lithographer, caricaturist, and novelist * Eugène Albertini (1880–1941), teacher in Latin literature, historian of ancient Rome, and epigrapher of Latin texts * Marcel Tabuteau
Marcel Tabuteau
(1887–1966), Oboist
Oboist
, regarded as the founder of American oboe playing. * Suzanne Lenglen (1899–1938), tennis player, international female sport star

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France
France

TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES

Compiègne
Compiègne
is twinned with:

* Arona , Italy
Italy
, since 1962 * Bury St Edmunds
Bury St Edmunds
, England
England
, since 1967 * Elbląg
Elbląg
, Poland
Poland
, since 2002 * Guimarães
Guimarães
, Portugal
Portugal
, since 2006 * Huy
Huy
, Belgium
Belgium
, since 1959

* Kiryat Tivon
Kiryat Tivon
, Israel
Israel
, since 1988 * Landshut
Landshut
, Germany
Germany
, since 1962 * Raleigh , North Carolina
North Carolina
, United States
United States
, since 1989 * Shirakawa, Fukushima , Japan
Japan
, since 1988 * Vianden
Vianden
, Luxembourg
Luxembourg
, since 1964

Compiègne
Compiègne
is also partnered with:

* Beauvais
Beauvais
, France
France

SEE ALSO

* Communes of the Oise
Oise
department * Dialogues of the Carmelites
Dialogues of the Carmelites
* Martyrs of Compiegne * Monument aux morts (Oise) *