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The Order of Australia is the only Australian order of chivalry. It was established on 14 February 1975 by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, to recognise Australian citizens and other persons for achievement, meritorious service, or for both. At that time, Companion of the Order of Australia was the highest of three grades of the Order (Companion, Officer, Member).

On 24 May 1976, the grade of Knight or Dame of the Order was established, displacing Companion as the highest grade. On 3 June 1986, the Knight/Dame grade was abolished, and Companion was once again the highest grade.

On 25 March 2014, the Knight/Dame grade was re-established, Companion once again being relegated to the second highest grade of the Order. The Knight/Dame grade was again abolished on 2 November 2015.

Divisions

The Order has two divisions; General and Military. In general, recipients who are not Australian citizens are appointed Honorary Companions, though there have been certain exceptions. (For example, Prince Philip's appointment as AC (mil.) was substantive.[1])

Knights and Dames

Seven Companions have later been promoted to Knight or Dame of the Order of Australia: Sir John Kerr, Sir Gordon Jackson, Dame Quentin Bryce, Sir Peter Cosgrove, Dame Marie Bashir, Sir Angus Houston and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

Australian Companions

General Division

Name Born Died Notability Awarded[2] Notes[3][4]
Tony Abbott 1957 Politician. Prime Minister (2013–2015) 2020 Q [1]
Sir Peter Abeles 1924 1999 Transportation magnate 1991 A [2]
Ross Adler 1944 Managing Director Santos Limited 1986–2000, Chair o

On 24 May 1976, the grade of Knight or Dame of the Order was established, displacing Companion as the highest grade. On 3 June 1986, the Knight/Dame grade was abolished, and Companion was once again the highest grade.

On 25 March 2014, the Knight/Dame grade was re-established, Companion once again being relegated to the second highest grade of the Order. The Knight/Dame grade was again abolished on 2 November 2015.

The Order has two divisions; General and Military. In general, recipients who are not Australian citizens are appointed Honorary Companions, though there have been certain exceptions. (For example, Prince Philip's appointment as AC (mil.) was substantive.[1])

Knights and Dames

Seven Companions have later been promoted to Knight or Dame of the Order of Australia: Sir John Kerr, Sir Gordon Jackson, Dame Quentin Bryce, Sir Peter Cosgrove, Dame Marie Bashir, Sir Angus Houston and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

Australian Companions

General Division

Seven Companions have later been promoted to Knight or Dame of the Order of Australia: Sir John Kerr, Sir Gordon Jackson, Dame Quentin Bryce, Sir Peter Cosgrove, Dame Marie Bashir, Sir Angus Houston and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

Australian Companions<

A list of links to announcements of all awards appears on the Governor-General's website.[15]

Gen = General Division; Mil = Military Division; Hon = Honorary award; Tot = Total

Name Born Died Notability Awarded[2] Notes[3][4]
Date Gazette Topic Gen Tot Mil Tot Hon Tot Total ref
14 Feb 1975 Appointment of John Robert Kerr 1 1 0 0 1
9 Jun 1975 1975 S113 1975 Queen's Birthday Honours (Australia) (Includes awards for H. C. "Nugget" Coombs and Patrick White who later resigned.) 6 7 2 2 9 QB 1975[11]
1976 Resignation of Nugget Coombs (Awarded 1975 Q[11]) −1 6 8
1976 Resignation of Patrick White (Awarded 1975 Q[11]) −1 5 7
26 Jan 1976 1976 Australia Day Honours 5 10 1 3 13 AD 1976
7 Jun 1976 1976 Queen's Birthday Honours (Australia) 1 11 14 QB 1976
26 Jan 1977 1977 S007 1977 Australia Day Honours 2 13 16 AD 1977
11 Jun 1977 1977 S102 1977 Queen's Birthday Honours (Australia) 3 16 19 QB 1977
26 Jan 1978 1978 S015 1978 Australia Day Honours 3 19 22 AD 1978
6 Jun 1978 1978 S097 1978 Queen's Birthday Honours (Australia) 4 23 26 QB 1978
26 Jan 1979 1979 Australia Day Honours 5 28 31 AD 1979
Jun 1979 1979 Queen's Birthday Honours 4 32 35 QB 1979
26 Jan 1980 1980 Australia Day Honours 2 34 37 AD 1980
26 Jan 1980 Honorary award: Shigeo Nango 1 1 38
Jun 1980 1980 Queen's Birthday Honours 4 38 42 QB 1980
26 Jan 1981 1981 Australia Day Honours 3 41 45 AD 1981
Jun 1981 1981 Queen's Birthday Honours 2 43 47 QB 1981
26 Jan 1982 1982 S013 1982 Australia Day Honours 4 47 51 AD 1982
26 Jan 1982 Honorary awards: Mother Teresa, Shridath Ramphal and Brian Talboys 3 4 54 [16]
Jun 1982 1982 Queen's Birthday Honours 1 48 55 QB 1982
26 Jan 1983 1983 S013 1983 Australia Day Honours 3 51 58 AD 1983
Jun 1983 1983 S113 1983 Queen's Birthday Honours 2 53 60 QB 1983
26 Jan 1984 1984 S021 1984 Australia Day Honours 3 56 63 AD 1984
Jun 1984 1984 S212 1984 Queen's Birthday Honours 1 57 2 5 66 QB 1984
26 Jan 1985 1985 S017 1985 Australia Day Honours 4 61 70 AD 1985
17 May 1985 Honorary awards: Saburo Okita and Jørn Utzon 2 6 72
Jun 1985 1985 S198 1985 Queen's Birthday Honours 1 6 73 QB 1985
26 Jan 1986 1986 S018 1986 Australia Day Honours 5 66 78 AD 1986
Jun 1986 1986 Queen's Birthday Honours 6 72 1 7 85 QB 1986
26 Jan 1987 1987 Australia Day Honours 3 75 88 AD 1987
26 Jan 1987 Honorary award: Tunku Abdul Rahman 1 7 89
Jun 1987 1987 Queen's Birthday Honours 8 83 1 8 98 QB 1987
26 Jan 1988 1988 S020 1988 Australia Day Honours 13 96 1 9 112 AD 1988
26 Jan 1988 Honorary awards: Peter Gadsden and Eishiro Saitō 2 9 114
Jun 1988 1988 S159 1988 Queen's Birthday Honours (Includes award to Brian Burke which was subsequently cancelled.) 11 107 1 10 126 QB 1988[1]
26 Jan 1989 1989 S029 1989 Australia Day Honours 11 118 137 AD 1989
16 Feb 1989 Appointment of Bill Hayden 1 119 138
Jun 1989 1989 S192 1989 Queen's Birthday Honours 9 128 3 13 150 QB 1989
26 Jan 1990 1990 S017 1990 Australia Day Honours 4 132 154 AD 1990
26 Jan 1990 Honorary awards: Francis Blanchard, Jacques Cousteau, Alexandre Hay, Lord Edward Shackleton and Kiri Te Kanawa 5 14 159
Jun 1990 1990 S141 1990 Queen's Birthday Honours 9 141 168 QB 1990
26 Jan 1991 1991 S013 1991 Australia Day Honours 10 151 178 AD 1991
8 Feb 1991 Honorary awards: Turgut Özal, Geoffrey Palmer and Park Tae-joon 3 17 181
Jun 1991 1991 S148 1991 Queen's Birthday Honours 7 158 188 QB 1991
26 Jan 1992 1992 S009 1992 Australia Day Honours 9 167 2 15 199 AD 1992
6 Feb 1992 Honorary awards: Koichiro Ejiri, Constantine Mitsotakis and Michel Rocard 3 20 202
Jun 1992 1992 S127 1992 Queen's Birthday Honours 6 173 208 QB 1992
26 Jan 1993 1993 S008 1993 Australia Day Honours 8 181 216 AD 1993
Jun 1993 1993 S156 1993 Queen's Birthday Honours (Includes Ian MacDougall AC (mil) who does not appear in the "It's an Honour" database.) 5 186 1 16 222 QB 1993
21 Sep 1993 Honorary award: Eiji Toyoda 1 21 223
26 Jan 1994 1994 S007 1994 Australia Day Honours 7 193 1 17 231 AD 1994
Jun 1994 1994 S190 1994 Queen's Birthday Honours 4 197 235 QB 1994
6 Jul 1994 Honorary award: Tofilau Eti Alesana 1 22 236
26 Jan 1995 1995 S008 1995 Australia Day Honours 3 200 1 18 240 AD 1995
Jun 1995 1995 S196 1995 Queen's Birthday Honours 2 202 1 19 243 QB 1995
1995 Cancellation of award to Brian Burke (Awarded QB 1988) −1 201 242
26 Jan 1996 1996 S012 1996 Australia Day Honours 2 203 244 AD 1996
24 May 1996 Honorary award: Aung San Suu Kyi 1 23 245
Jun 1996 1996 S185 2017 Special Honours List 4 207 249 2017
Jun 1996 1996 S185 1996 Queen's Birthday Honours 4 207 249 QB 1996
26 Jan 1997 1997 S013 1997 Australia Day Honours 4 211 253 AD 1997
Jun 1997 1997 S191 1997 Queen's Birthday Honours 1 212 254 QB 1997
14 Oct 1997 Honorary award: Hiroshi Saitō 1 24 255
26 Jan 1998 1998 S014 1998 Australia Day Honours 6 218 261 AD 1998
Jun 1998 1998 S242 1998 Queen's Birthday Honours (Includes award for Richard Pratt who subsequently resigned.) 2 220 263 QB 1998[13]
26 Jan 1999 1999 S016 1999 Australia Day Honours 5 225 268 AD 1999 pp.1–17 pg.18
Jun 1999 1999 S214 1999 Queen's Birthday Honours 3 228 271 QB 1999
Jun 1999 Honorary awards: Nelson Mandela, Shoichiro Toyoda and Rolf Zinkernagel 3 27 274
26 Jan 2000 2000 S010 2000 Australia Day Honours 2 230 276 AD 2000
25 Mar 2000 Appointment of LtGen Peter Cosgrove 1 20 277
Jun 2000 2000 S273 2000 Queen's Birthday Honours 4 234 281 QB 2000
26 Jan 2001 2001 S015 2001 Australia Day Honours 8 242 1 21 290 AD 2001
30 Mar 2001 Appointments of Peter Arnison, Marie Bashir and John Landy 3 245 293
Jun 2001 2001 S186 2002 Queen's Birthday Honours 8 253 301 QB 2001
27 Aug 2001 Appointment of Marjorie Jackson-Nelson 1 254 302
26 Jan 2002 2002 S006 2002 Australia Day Honours 8 262 310 AD 2002
Jun 2002 2002 S160 2002 Queen's Birthday Honours 8 270 318 QB 2002
26 Jan 2003 2003 S005 2003 Australia Day Honours 4 274 322 AD 2003
30 Apr 2003 Appointment of Quentin Bryce 1 275 323
Jun 2003 2003 S169 2003 Queen's Birthday Honours 8 283 331 QB 2003
8 Jul 2003 Honorary awards: Takashi Imai and Minoru Murofushi 2 29 333
5 Sep 2003 2003 S341 Appointment of Richard William Butler 1 284 334
26 Jan 2004 2004 S004 2004 Australia Day Honours (Includes Dyson Heydon who does not appear in the "It's an Honour" database.) 7 291 341 AD 2004
22 Feb 2004 Appointment of Nancy Wake 1 292 342
14 Jun 2004 2004 S167 2004 Queen's Birthday Honours 7 299 349 QB 2004
26 Jan 2005 2005 S001 2005 Australia Day Honours 7 306 356 AD 2005
1 Feb 2005 2005 S019 Honorary appointment: Goh Chok Tong 1 30 357
13 Jun 2005 2005 S081 2005 Queen's Birthday Honours 7 313 364 QB 2005
26 Jan 2006 2006 S001 2006 Australia Day Honours (Includes Sr Mary Bernice Elphick who does not appear in the "It's an Honour" database.) 8 321 372 AD 2006
16 Mar 2006 Honorary appointment: Lee Ku-Taek 1 31 373
12 Jun 2006 2006 S075 2006 Queen's Birthday Honours 7 328 380 QB 2006 (notes)
26 Jan 2007 2007 S002 2007 Australia Day Honours 6 334 386 AD 2007 (notes)
11 Jun 2007 2007 S100 2007 Queen's Birthday Honours (Australia) 5 339 1 22 392 QB 2007 (Gen) (Mil)
28 Sep 2007 2007 S192 Order of Wearing 392
26 Jan 2008 2008 S001 2008 Australia Day Honours 6 345 1 23 399 AD 2008 (Gen) (Mil)
22 Feb 2008 2008 S040 Resignation of Richard Pratt (Awarded QB 1998) −1 344 398
9 Jun 2008 2008 S106 2008 Queen's Birthday Honours (Australia) 8 352 406 QB 2008 (notes)
4 Sep 2008 2008 S177 Honorary Appointment of Stuart Ross Taylor 1 32 407 2008 S177
26 Jan 2009 2009 S004 2009 Australia Day Honours 3 355 410 AD 2009 (notes)
8 Jun 2009 2009 S084 2009 Queen's Birthday Honours (Australia) 3 358 1 24 414 QB 2009 (notes)
26 Jan 2010 2010 S003 2010 Australia Day Honours 4 362 418 AD 2010 (Gen) (Mil)
9 Mar 2010 2010 S024 Honorary Appointment of Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono 1 33 419 2010 S24
14 Jun 2010 2010 S084 2010 Queen's Birthday Honours (Australia) 5 367 424 QB 2010 (notes)
1 Jul 2010 2010 S102 Honorary Appointment of Richard Armitage 1 34 425 2010 S102
26 Jan 2011 2011 S003 2011 Australia Day Honours 2 369 1 25 428 AD 2011 (Gen) (Mil)
13 Jun 2011 2011 S092 2011 Queen's Birthday Honours (Australia) 1 370 429 QB 2011 (notes)
29 Jun 2011 Peter Hollingsworth 1 371 430
26 Jan 2012 2012 S001 2012 Australia Day Honours 5 376 435 AD 2012 (notes)
Jun 2012 2012 Queen's Birthday Honours (Australia) 8 384 443 QB 2012 (notes)
28 Sep 2012 2012 S152 Honorary Appointment of Akio Mimura 1 35 444 2012 S152
5 Oct 2012 2012 S160 Honorary Appointment of Michelle Bachelet 1 36 445 2012 S160
26 Jan 2013 2013 Australia Day Honours 4 388 449 AD 2013 (notes}
12 Jun 2013 2013 Queen's Birthday Honours (Australia) 1 389 450 QB 2013 (notes)
12 Jun 2013 Honorary Appointment of Jill Ker Conway 1 37 451 Honorary AC[7][8]
25 Nov 2013 2013 1742 Honorary Appointment of José Ramos-Horta 1 38 452 2013 1742
26 Jan 2014 2014 Australia Day Honours 7 396 1 26 460 AD 2014 (Gen} (Mil)
9 Jun 2014 2014 Queen's Birthday Honours (Australia) 7 403 467 QB 2014 (notes)
26 Jan 2015 2015 Australia Day Honours 5 408 472 AD 2015 (notes)
9 Apr 2015 Honorary Appointment of Yorihiko Kojima 1 39 473 2015 0503
8 Jun 2015 2015 Queen's Birthday Honours (Australia) 8 416 481 QB 2015 (notes)
26 Jan 2016 2016 Australia Day Honours 10 426 491 AD 2016 (notes)
13 Jun 2016 2016 Queen's Birthday Honours (Australia) 13 439 504 QB 2016 (notes)
26 Jan 2017 2017 Australia Day Honours 11 450 515 AD 2017 (notes)
12 Jun 2017 2017 Queen's Birthday Honours (Australia) 15 465 530 QB 2017(notes)
18 Jul 2017 Honorary Appointment of Sir John Key 1 40 531 2017 00815
26 Jan 2018 2018 Australia Day Honours 16 481 547 AD 2018

(notes)

11 Jun 2018 2018 Queen's Birthday Honours 10 491 557 QB 2018

(notes)

26 Jan 2019 2019 Australia Day Honours 19 510 576 AD 2019 (notes)
10 Jun 2019 2019 Queen's Birthday Honours 12 522 588 QB 2019
26 Jan 2020 2020 Australia Day Honours 5 527 593 AD 2020
8 Jun 2020 2020 Queen's Birthday Honours 3 530 596 QB 2020

It's an Honour

  • Companion of the Order of Australia
  • Fact sheet
  • From the Advanced search page, it is possible to produce a list of all recipients (that appear in the "It's an Honour" database).
    • In March 2014, there were 457 entries in the database.
    • In December 2016 there were 501 entries in the database. (Versus [508 awarded minus 3 resigned minus 1 cancelled] = 504, minus 3 not in the database = 501)
    • In September 2017 there were 512 entries in the database. (519-4=515, minus 3 = 512)
    • The list does not necessarily show all recipients of the Companion of the Order of Australia, as some awardees of Australian honours elect not to have their names appear on the "It's an Honour" website.[4]
    • The database information does not distinguish between the General and Military divisions, nor whether the award is honorary or substantive.
    • Note, however, that honorary recipients are denoted by [ H ] next to their name in the search function.
  • As stated above, awards to foreigners are usually honorary, and to date, all awards to foreign Companions in the General division have been honorary. The only exception to this has been Prince Philip's appointment as AC (mil).[1] To date there have been no Honorary Companion appointments to the Military division. This has not necessarily been the case in other grades. (For example, US General David Petraeus AO (mil) is honorary,[17] and Prince Charles and Prince Philip's substantive knighthoods (AK) were enabled by changes to the Letters Patent.)

See also

Notes and citations

  1. ^ a b c d e 1988 Queen's Birthday Honours Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine, 13 June 1988, Commonwealth of Australia Gazette, Special Issue No. S159, pg.1
  2. ^ a b c d Date Awarded
    A or AD = Australia Day List (26 January)
    Q or QB = Queen's Birthday List (Second Monday in June)
  3. ^ The primary content of this "Notes" column is the reference to the recipient's entry in the "It's an Honour" data base - refer to the #It's an Honour section of this page for more information.
    The intention is that the number of references to the "It's an Honour" data base will be equal to the number of references in the "It's an Honour" data base.
    (In early January 2017 there were 501 references in both this article and the "It's an Honour" database.)
    Secondary contents are explanatory references and comments - refer to the #Notes section of this page for more information.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l At least seven recipients do not appear in the "It's an Honour" database:
  5. ^ Despite what the "It's an Honour" database may say, Noel Butlin was (posthumously) appointed a Companion on the Queen's Birthday in 1991 - refer to the QB 1991 Archived 2016-03-25 at the Wayback Machine Gazette for the correct information.
  6. ^ "Obituary - John Walter Utz - Obituaries Australia". oa.anu.edu.au. Retrieved 2020-02-06.
  7. ^ a b O'Grady, Pamela (12 June 2013). "Order Of Australia - Honorary AC - Jill Ker Conway" (PDF). Governor General of Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  8. ^ a b 2013 Queen's Birthday Honours List Archived 2017-02-18 at the Wayback Machine, www.gg.gov.au
  9. ^ Yorihiko Kojima Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine, Honorary AC, 9 April 2015.
  10. ^ Peter Mickelburough (6 June 2013). "Social leaders stripped of honours after falling from grace". Herald Sun. heraldsun.com.au. Retrieved 20 March 2014.
    Peter Mickelborough (19 January 2014). "Achievers stripped of their Australian honours after disgrace". Sunday Herald Sun. heraldsun.com.au. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
  11. ^ a b c d e 1975 Queen's Birthday Honours List Archived 2014-02-12 at the Wayback Machine, www.gg.gov.au
  12. ^ "Nugget" Coombs Archived 2014-03-23 at the Wayback Machine, Australian Academy of Science
  13. ^ a b 1998 Queen's Birthday Honours List, www.gg.gov.au
  14. ^ Patrick White, Patrick White Speaks. (Retrieved 12 April 2014.) It is often stated that Patrick White resigned for the same reason that "Nugget" Coombs did, namely, in protest at the introduction of the level of Knight and Dame into the Order of Australia in May 1976. It is true that White's resignation came after that event, but it was not because of it. According to his own testimony, White's reason was the dismissal of the elected government of Gough Whitlam by the Governor-General Sir John Kerr in November 1975. Kerr had been influential in persuading White to accept the award in the first place.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-06-12. Retrieved 2016-06-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "The awards and recipients". The Canberra Times. 56 (16, 922). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 26 January 1982. p. 10. Retrieved 25 May 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  17. ^ David Petraeus - Honorary Officer (AO) in the Military Division Archived 2016-04-02 at the Wayback Machine, 3 November 2009, Commonwealth of Australia Gazette, Special Issue No. S172

(notes)

11 Jun 2018 2018 Queen's Birthday Honours 10 491 557 QB 2018

(notes)

26 Jan 2019 2019 Australia Day Honours 19 510 576 AD 2019 (notes)
10 Jun 2019 2019 Queen's Birthday Honours 12 522 588 QB 2019
26 Jan 2020 2020 Australia Day Honours 5 527 593 AD 2020
8 Jun 2020 2020 Queen's Birthday Honours 3 530 596 QB 2020

It's an Honour

  • Companion of the Order of Australia
  • Fact sheet
  • From the Advanced search page, it is possible to produce a list of all recipients (that appear in the "It's an Honour" database).
    • In March 2014, there were 457 entries in the database.
    • In December 2016 there were 501 entries in the database. (Versus [508 awarded minus 3 resigned minus 1 cancelled] = 504, minus 3 not in the database = 501)
    • In September 2017 there were 512 entries in the database. (519-4=515, minus 3 = 512)
    • The list does not necessarily show all recipients of the Companion of the Order of Australia, as some awardees of Australian honours elect not to have their names appear on the "It's an Honour" website.[4]
    • The database information does not distinguish between the General and Military divisions, nor whether the award is honorary or substantive.
    • Note, however, that honorary recipients are denoted by [ H ] next to their name in the search function.
  • As stated above, awards to foreigners are usually honorary, and to date, all awards to foreign Companions in the General division have been honorary. The only exception to this has been Prince Philip's appointment as AC (mil).[1] To date there have been no Honorary Companion appointments to the Military division. This has not necessarily been the case in other grades. (For example, US General David Petraeus AO (mil) is honorary,[17] and Prince Charles and Prince Philip's substantive knighthoods (AK) were enabled by changes to the Letters Patent.)

See also

Notes and citations

  1. ^ a b c d e 1988 Queen's Birthday Honours Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine, 13 June 1988, Commonwealth of Australia Gazette, Special Issue No. S159, pg.1
  2. ^ a b c d Date Awarded
    A or AD = Australia Day List (26 January)
    Q or QB = Queen's Birthday List (Second Monday in June)
  3. ^ The primary content of this "Notes" column is the reference to the recipient's entry in the "It's an Honour" data base - refer to the #It's an Honour section of this page for more information.
    The intention is that the number of references to the "It's an Honour" data base will be equal to the number of references in the "It's an Honour" data base.
    (In early January 2017 there were 501 references in both this article and the "It's an Honour" database.)
    Secondary contents are explanatory references and comments - refer to the #Notes section of this page for more information.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l At least seven recipients do not appear in the "It's an Honour" database:
  5. ^ Despite what the "It's an Honour" database may say, Noel Butlin was (posthumously) appointed a Companion on the Queen's Birthday in 1991 - refer to the QB 1991 Archived 2016-03-25 at the Wayback Machine Gazette for the correct information.
  6. ^ "Obituary - John Walter Utz - Obituaries Australia". oa.anu.edu.au. Retrieved 2020-02-06.
  7. ^ a b O'Grady, Pamela (12 June 2013). "Order Of Australia - Honorary AC - Jill Ker Conway" (PDF). Governor General of Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  8. ^ a b 2013 Queen's Birthday Honours List Archived 2017-02-18 at the Wayback Machine, www.gg.gov.au
  9. ^ Yorihiko Kojima Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine, Honorary AC, 9 April 2015.
  10. ^ Peter Mickelburough (6 June 2013). "Social leaders stripped of honours after falling from grace". Herald Sun. heraldsun.com.au. Retrieved 20 March 2014.
    Peter Mickelborough (19 January 2014). "Achievers stripped of their Australian honours after disgrace". Sunday Herald Sun. heraldsun.com.au. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
  11. ^ a b c d e 1975 Queen's Birthday Honours List Archived 2014-02-12 at the Wayback Machine, www.gg.gov.au
  12. ^ "Nugget" Coombs Archived 2014-03-23 at the Wayback Machine, Australian Academy of Science
  13. ^ a b 1998 Queen's Birthday Honours List, www.gg.gov.au
  14. ^ Patrick White, Patrick White Speaks. (Retrieved 12 April 2014.) It is often stated that Patrick White resigned for the same reason that "Nugget" Coombs did, namely, in protest at the introduction of the level of Knight and Dame into the Order of Australia in May 1976. It is true that White's resignation came after that event, but it was not because of it. According to his own testimony, White's reason was the dismissal of the elected government of Gough Whitlam by the Governor-General Sir John Kerr in November 1975. Kerr had been influential in persuading White to accept the award in the first place.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-06-12. Retrieved 2016-06-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "The awards and recipients". The Canberra Times. 56 (16, 922). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 26 January 1982. p. 10. Retrieved 25 May 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  17. ^ David Petraeus - Honorary Officer (AO) in the Military Division Archived 2016-04-02 at the Wayback Machine, 3 November 2009, Commonwealth of Australia Gazette, Special Issue No. S172