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Vivendi
Vivendi
SA (formerly Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal SA) is a French multinational mass media conglomerate headquartered in Paris. The company has activities in music, television, film, video games, telecommunications, tickets and video hosting service.

Contents

1 Activities

1.1 Television
Television
and film: Canal+
Canal+
Group 1.2 Video games: Ubisoft
Ubisoft
& Gameloft 1.3 Vivendi
Vivendi
Village 1.4 Video hosting service: Dailymotion

2 History

2.1 Origins 2.2 Creation of "Vivendi"

2.2.1 Vivendi
Vivendi
Environnement

2.3 Corporate loss 2.4 Further acquisitions, mergers and divestments

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Activities[edit] Main article: List of assets owned by Vivendi Vivendi
Vivendi
is a company primarily focused on digital entertainment. It owns the French TV channel and movie producer Canal+
Canal+
Group, as well as music world leader Universal Music
Music
Group. On 25 July 2013, Vivendi asset Activision Blizzard
Activision Blizzard
announced the purchase of 429 million shares from Vivendi
Vivendi
for $5.83 billion, dropping the shareholder from a 63% stake to 11.8% by the end of the deal in September, ending Vivendi's majority ownership of Activision
Activision
Blizzard. In 2014, Vivendi
Vivendi
decided to sell mobile companies SFR
SFR
(France) to Patrick Drahi's company, Altice,[6] and GVT (Brazil) to the Brazilian company Telefônica Vivo.[7] In November 2013, it signed the definitive agreement to sell its majority and controlling stake in Maroc Telecom
Maroc Telecom
(Morocco) to Etisalat
Etisalat
based in Abu Dhabi.[8] Vivendi's president Vincent Bolloré, appointed in June 2014, wants to continue resolutely on the chosen path and aims at developing synergies between the company's subsidiaries now refocused on media: Canal+
Canal+
Group, Universal Music
Music
Group, Vivendi
Vivendi
Village, Dailymotion, Gameloft
Gameloft
and Telecom Italia.[9] Television
Television
and film: Canal+
Canal+
Group[edit] Canal+ Group
Canal+ Group
is the leading pay television group in France. It is also an international movie and television series producer and distributor with StudioCanal.[10] In November 2013, Vivendi
Vivendi
became the exclusive owner of France's biggest pay-TV company.[11] Video games: Ubisoft
Ubisoft
& Gameloft[edit] Vivendi
Vivendi
(once the owner of Blizzard, later Activision
Activision
Blizzard),[12] searching for a new games publisher property has started investing in both Ubisoft
Ubisoft
and Gameloft.[13] The brothers in charge of Ubisoft
Ubisoft
and Gameloft, Yves Guillemot and Michel Guillemot[14] respectively, view the investments as a hostile takeover attempt,[15][16] and are raising capital from within the family[17] and from Canadian investors[18] to maintain control of the companies. As of 8 June 2016, Vivendi
Vivendi
has acquired a controlling stake in Gameloft. In news from 11 September 2016 Yves Guillemot is set to buy an additional 3.5% of Ubisoft
Ubisoft
shares to raise his stake to 12.5% to attempt to block a takeover from Vivendi. Yves has been attempting to lobby other shareholders to prevent them selling their shares to Vivendi.[19] As of 20th of March 2018, Vivendi
Vivendi
has sold all its shares in Ubisoft
Ubisoft
and Tencent
Tencent
has bought in in their place.[20] Vivendi
Vivendi
Village[edit] Vivendi
Vivendi
Village comprises a group of small companies active in digital and in live entertainment.[21] Vivendi
Vivendi
Ticketing comprises the ticketing businesses See Tickets
See Tickets
in the UK and the US, as well as Digitick Group in France. Both businesses specialize in the retail and distribution of tickets for live entertainment, sport and cultural events, in addition to providing operating platforms for venues to run their own ticketing services. Vivendi
Vivendi
Ticketing processes annually over 40 million tickets. The business also operates as an internal service provider to other Vivendi
Vivendi
businesses notably Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
where tickets are sold for and on behalf of the group's artists.[citation needed] MyBestPro provides experts counseling in different fields (Wengo, RDVmedicaux, Juritravail, Bordas, Devispresto). Watchever is a subscription video-on-demand service available in Germany.[22][23] Vivendi
Vivendi
Village also owns the Paris-based concert venue L'Olympia.[24] In 2015, Vivendi
Vivendi
announced that it will open ten live-performance venues in central and west Africa. These venues will be named CanalOlympia, they will serve as concert halls, theaters and screening rooms.[25] Video hosting service: Dailymotion[edit] In 2015, Vivendi
Vivendi
purchased an 80% stake in Dailymotion
Dailymotion
from its previous owner, Orange S.A.[26] Vivendi
Vivendi
announced that it increased this stake to 90% in September 2015.[27] History[edit] Origins[edit]

Original Vivendi
Vivendi
logo

On 14 December 1853, a water company named Compagnie Générale des Eaux (CGE) was created by an imperial decree of Napoleon III.[1] In 1854, CGE obtained a concession in order to supply water to the public in Lyon, serving in that capacity for over a hundred years. In 1861, it obtained a 50-year concession with the City of Paris.[28] CGE also supplied water to Nantes, Venice
Venice
(from 1880), Constantinople (from 1882) and Porto
Porto
(from 1883).[1] For more than a century, Compagnie Générale des Eaux remained largely focused on the water sector. Following the appointment of Guy Dejouany as CEO in 1976, CGE extended its activities into other sectors with a series of takeovers.[1] Beginning in 1980, CGE began diversifying its operations from water into waste management, energy, transport services, and construction and property. It acquired the Compagnie Générale d'Entreprises Automobiles (CGEA), specialized in industrial vehicles, which was later divided into two branches: Connex (later Veolia
Veolia
Transport) in 1999 and Onyx Environnement (later Veolia
Veolia
Environmental Services) in 1989.[29] CGE then acquired the Compagnie Générale de Chauffe, and later the Montenay group, with these companies later becoming the Energy Services division of CGE, and later renamed "Dalkia" in 1998.[29] In 1983, CGE helped to found Canal+, the first pay-TV channel in France, and in the 1990s, they began expanding into telecommunications and mass media, especially after Jean-Marie Messier succeeded Guy Dejouany on 27 June 1996. In 1996, CGE created Neuf Cegetel
Neuf Cegetel
to take advantage of the 1998 deregulation of the French telecommunications market, accelerating the move into the media sector which would culminate in the 2000 demerger into Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal and Vivendi Environnement (Veolia).[30] Creation of "Vivendi"[edit]

Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal logo from 2000 to 2006

In 1998, Compagnie Générale des Eaux changed its name to Vivendi, and sold off its property and construction divisions the following year to what would become Vinci SA. Vivendi
Vivendi
went on to acquire stakes in or merge with Maroc Telecom, Havas, Cendant Software, Grupo Anaya, and NetHold, a large Continental European pay-TV operator. Beginning in 1998, Vivendi
Vivendi
launched digital channels in Italy, Spain, Poland, Scandinavia, Belgium, and the Netherlands. In June 1999, Vivendi
Vivendi
merged with Pathé, the exchange ratio for the merger fixed at three Vivendi
Vivendi
shares for every two Pathé
Pathé
shares. The Wall Street Journal estimated the value of the deal at US$2.59 billion. Following the completion of the merger, Vivendi
Vivendi
retained Pathé's interests in British Sky Broadcasting Group PLC
British Sky Broadcasting Group PLC
and CanalSatellite, a French broadcasting corporation, then sold all remaining assets to Jérôme Seydoux's family-owned holding company, Fornier SA, who changed its name to Pathé. Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal SA was created on 8 December 2000 with the merger of the Vivendi
Vivendi
media empire with Canal+
Canal+
television networks and the acquisition of media assets of Canadian company Seagram
Seagram
Company Ltd, owner of Universal Studios. Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal acquired MP3.com
MP3.com
and a leading American publisher, Houghton Mifflin
Houghton Mifflin
in year 2001. Vivendi
Vivendi
Environnement[edit] Main article: Veolia Vivendi Environnement
Vivendi Environnement
was formed in 1999 by Vivendi
Vivendi
to consolidate its environmental divisions, which were CGEA Transport, Onyx Environnement (now Veolia
Veolia
Environmental Services), Dalkia
Dalkia
and CGE water division. As a result, CGEA Transport was renamed Connex (later Veolia
Veolia
Transport), and CGE's water division was renamed Vivendi
Vivendi
Water (now Veolia Water).[29] In July 2000, Vivendi Environnement
Vivendi Environnement
was divested through IPOs in Paris
Paris
and later New York in October 2001). Initially, Vivendi Universal retained a 70% stake in Vivendi Environnement
Vivendi Environnement
in 2000, but by December 2002, it was reduced to 20.4%.[31] In 2003, Vivendi Environnement was renamed to Veolia
Veolia
Environnement. Corporate loss[edit] Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal disclosed a corporate loss of €23.3 billion in its 2002 annual report. It responded with financial reshuffling, trying to shore up media holdings while selling off shares in its spin-off companies. Amid intense media scrutiny, its chairman and CEO, Jean-Marie Messier (who had overseen the most dramatic phase of the company's diversification), was subsequently replaced by Jean-René Fourtou. Messier was found guilty of embezzlement in 2011, but not before he was paid over US$20 million as part of his severance package. The company reduced its stake in Vivendi Environnement
Vivendi Environnement
to 40% and sold its stake in Vinci SA. The company then began reorganizing to stave off bankruptcy, announcing a strategy to sell non-strategic assets. Its largest single shareholder was the family of Edgar Bronfman Jr., who was head of Seagram
Seagram
at the time of the merger. Vivendi
Vivendi
sold its stake in Vizzavi to Vodafone, with the exception of Vizzavi France. It also sold 20.4% of Vivendi
Vivendi
Environnement's capital to a group of investors, and its stake in North American satellite operator EchoStar Communications Corporation. It also sold Houghton Mifflin to Thomas H Lee, Blackstone and Bain consortium for US$1.66 billion.[32] Also in 2002, Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal sold the Belgian and Dutch activities of its subsidiary Scoot Europe to Kapitol, the parent company of online directory Infobel.[33] In 2003, Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal sold Canal+
Canal+
Technologies to Thomson SA; Tele+ to News Corporation
News Corporation
and Telecom Italia. It also sold its 26.3% interest in Xfera. On 1 December, Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal closed a deal to sell MP3.com
MP3.com
to CNET. Despite predictions that it would be unable to raise the cash needed, Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal bought out one of the two minority shareholders in Cegetel, taking its holding to 60 percent, with Vodafone
Vodafone
holding the remaining 40 percent. Management viewed the mobile communications firm as a core asset once the bulk of media assets had been sold off. Further acquisitions, mergers and divestments[edit] In 2004, 80% of the Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal branch was sold to GE, to form NBC Universal, with Vivendi
Vivendi
retaining a 20 percent stake. At the same time, it sold a 50% stake in Canal+
Canal+
and StudioCanal
StudioCanal
to the new company. Vivendi
Vivendi
also sold its interests in Kencell (re-branded Celtel, Kenya), Monaco Telecom
Monaco Telecom
and Sportfive
Sportfive
(which it held through Canal+
Canal+
Group), and sold Newsworld International to the business partnership of Joel Hyatt
Joel Hyatt
and former Vice-President of the United States Al Gore. On 16 December 2005, it was announced that Canal Plus
Canal Plus
would merge with TPS, France's second largest Pay-TV provider. If the €5 billion (US$5.9 billion; £3.4 bn) tie-up is approved, VU will own 85% of the combined entity[needs update]. On 17 January 2006, Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal announced it would end its American Depositary Receipt
American Depositary Receipt
program and its listing on the New York Stock Exchange by the end of the second quarter of 2006, due to lowered trading volume on its shares and high costs.[34] On 20 April 2006, Vivendi
Vivendi
in its current form came into existence, following the sale of an 80% stake in the Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal unit to General Electric
General Electric
to form NBC Universal
NBC Universal
(merging GE's NBC unit and Vivendi's Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal unit) and the gradual recovery of the company from its disastrous over-expansion in the late 1990s and the early 2000s. The company announced that shareholders had approved the name change to "Vivendi". In August 2006, Vivendi
Vivendi
signed a deal with Spiralfrog
Spiralfrog
to distribute Vivendi's songs online in the United States and Canada. On 8 September, the company announced that Sierra Entertainment, a division of its Vivendi Games
Vivendi Games
group, would be publishing the new game for Double Fine Productions, later revealed to be Brütal Legend. On 2 December 2007, Vivendi
Vivendi
announced that it would be merging its Vivendi Games
Vivendi Games
unit with Activision
Activision
in a $18.8 billion deal.[35][36] This will allow the merged company, Activision
Activision
Blizzard, to rival Electronic Arts, the world's biggest video games publisher.[36] The merger closed on 9 July 2008, for $9.8 billion. Vivendi
Vivendi
held a 52% majority stake in the new business. On 8 September 2009, Vivendi
Vivendi
announced negotiations to buy the Brazilian phone operator Global Village Telecom
Global Village Telecom
(GVT).[37] Vivendi took control of GVT at a cost of 56 reais per share, on 13 November, trumping Telefónica's bid.[38] On 3 December 2009, GE announced it would purchase Vivendi's stake in NBC Universal, which would become a joint venture between GE and Comcast.[39] Vivendi
Vivendi
sold its stake in NBC Universal
NBC Universal
on 25 January 2011. On 4 April 2011, Vodafone
Vodafone
sold its 44% stake in mobile service provider SFR
SFR
to Vivendi
Vivendi
for about $11 billion[40] and giving Vivendi full control of its largest unit.[41] In 2012, Vivendi
Vivendi
announced having entered a strategic review of its assets and decided to refocus its activities on media and content activities while maximizing its telecoms assets. In October 2013, as a result of its strategic review, it sold the majority of its interest in Activision
Activision
Blizzard, keeping a 12% stake in the games company. In November 2013, Vivendi
Vivendi
also sold its 53% stake in Maroc Telecom
Maroc Telecom
to Dubai-based Etisalat
Etisalat
for around $4.2 billion.[42] Vivendi
Vivendi
also confirmed in November 2013 its intention to launch a demerger plan which would result in Vivendi
Vivendi
becoming an international media group consisting primarily of Canal+, Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
and GVT, while SFR
SFR
would be listed separately on the stock market. As a result of the foregoing, Vivendi
Vivendi
group results for the first semester 2014 are in a strong growth, witnessing the success of its repositioning strategy. Net income
Net income
was up 84,8% to €1.9 billion.[43] In August 2014 Vivendi
Vivendi
sells GVT to Telefônica Vivo, a subsidiary of Telefónica
Telefónica
in Brazil. The moves have allowed Vivendi
Vivendi
to rapidly pay down debt and increase cash returns to shareholders while leaving it with ammunition to do acquisitions of its own. Indeed, once the SFR
SFR
deal closes, Vivendi will have a cash pile of around €5 billion, leaving it with some room to maneuver even after it pays down debt and returns nearly €5 billion in dividends and share buybacks to shareholders.[44] Vivendi's priority is now content. The French group is expected to expand its assets in the content industries in the coming year.[45] On 28 May 2014, Vivendi
Vivendi
sold half of its remaining shares (nearly 41.5 million shares) in Activision Blizzard
Activision Blizzard
for $850 million, reducing its stake to 6%.[46] In April 2015, it was announced that a shareholder in the company Bolloré
Bolloré
raised its stake from 10.2 percent to 12.01 percent for a total fee of €568 million.[47] In 2015, Vivendi
Vivendi
bought 80% share in Dailymotion.[48] According to the Wall Street Journal, the "French media group offered around $273 million for streaming service".[49] Vivendi
Vivendi
was in talks with Orange, to Buy 80% stake in Dailymotion. Also, Vivendi
Vivendi
announced extra payouts in compromise with P. Schoenfeld Asset
Asset
Management shareholder.[50] It was revealed in October 2015 that Vivendi
Vivendi
would increase its stake in Telecom Italia
Telecom Italia
to around 19% of the ordinary share capital as part of its aims to increase its influence in the group.[51][52] In October 2015, Vivendi
Vivendi
bought minority stakes in the French video game studios Gameloft
Gameloft
and Ubisoft.[53] On 17 December 2015, Vivendi acquired a 64.4% majority stake in Belgian online radio aggregator Radionomy
Radionomy
(including its media player platform Winamp
Winamp
and internet radio streaming software Shoutcast). Its shareholders, including its employees and U.S.-based investment firm Union Square Ventures, however, retained their stakes in the company.[54] In June 2016, after having triggered a mandatory tender offer in February 2016 by reaching 30% ownership, and then becoming its largest shareholder, Vivendi
Vivendi
completed a hostile takeover of Gameloft
Gameloft
with the acquisition of its founders' stake. At the same time, Vivendi
Vivendi
also further increased its stake in Ubisoft, which has led to concern from the company's management that Vivendi
Vivendi
was also planning a hostile takeover of Ubisoft.[55][56][57] In an auction on 6 June, Vivendi
Vivendi
won a bid to acquire Flavorus from SFX Entertainment
SFX Entertainment
for $4 million.[4] Also that month, it acquired Paddington and Company Limited-owner of Paddington Bear
Paddington Bear
and other properties, and The Copyrights Group. Vivendi
Vivendi
declared that it owned 12.3% of Mediaset
Mediaset
on December 2016.[58] See also[edit]

Companies portal

List of French companies

References[edit]

^ a b c d "The group's origins". Vivendi. Retrieved 12 March 2017.  ^ a b c d e f "Financial Report and Audited Consolidated Financial Statements for the Year Ended December 31, 2016" (PDF). Vivendi. February 23, 2017. Retrieved 27 May 2017.  ^ https://variety.com/2017/biz/global/vivendis-2016-results-canal-plus-universal-music-1201994854/ ^ a b Gleason, Stephanie. " Vivendi
Vivendi
unit wins auction for SFX's Flavorus". MarketWatch. Retrieved 2 July 2016.  ^ Kostov, Nick. " Vivendi
Vivendi
names Stephane Roussel CEO of Gameloft". MarketWatch. Retrieved 2 July 2016.  ^ "Numericable wins battle for Vivendi's SFR". Reuters UK. 5 April 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
cède GVT mais ne sort pas des télécoms". lesechos.fr. 21 September 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ "WSJ Portfolio". Archived from the original on 26 May 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ "La stratégie de Bolloré : créer des synergies au sein du nouveau Vivendi". La Tribune. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ Regan, James (13 February 2013). "Vivendi, Lagardere in legal spat over Canal+". Reuters. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ Marie Mawad (29 October 2013). " Vivendi
Vivendi
Buys Out TV Division From Lagardere for $1.4 Billion". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ PhilSerafino, Phil Serafino. " Vivendi
Vivendi
Sells Its Activision
Activision
Stake, Netting $1.1 Billion". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 22 March 2016.  ^ Marie_a_Paris, Marie Mawad. "Ubisoft, Gameloft
Gameloft
Shares Surge After Vivendi
Vivendi
Acquires Stakes". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 22 March 2016.  ^ " Gameloft
Gameloft
Corporate". www.gameloft.com. Retrieved 22 March 2016.  ^ "VIvendi acquires Ubisoft". seekingalpha.com. Archived from the original on 2017-06-09.  ^ Marie_a_Paris, Marie Mawad. " Gameloft
Gameloft
Shares Surge on Vivendi's Hostile Takeover Offer". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 22 March 2016.  ^ "Guillemot family ups stake in Gameloft
Gameloft
to fend off 'takeover'". Business Insider. Retrieved 22 March 2016.  ^ " Ubisoft
Ubisoft
Hunts For Canadian Investors To Fight Off Vivendi". Fortune. Retrieved 22 March 2016.  ^ "OC3D :: News :: Ubisoft's founder buys another 3.5% of the company :: The Guillemont family is attempting to prevent a takeover attempt from Vivendi". www.overclock3d.net. Retrieved 11 September 2016.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
sells off Ubisoft
Ubisoft
holdings, Tencent
Tencent
buys in". pcgamer. Retrieved 2018-03-20.  ^ "Lucien Boyer Appointed Chief Marketing Officer at Vivendi
Vivendi
Village". Retrieved 26 June 2016.  ^ "WATCHEVER: Subscription Video-on-Demand in Germany Vivendi". www.vivendi.com. Retrieved 2017-06-20.  ^ Dziadul, Chris (2015-09-30). " Vivendi
Vivendi
relaunches German SVOD service Watchever". Broadband TV News. Retrieved 2017-06-20.  ^ Bollore. "BOLLORE : Vivendi
Vivendi
acquires the Bollore Group's majority stake in Havas". GlobeNewswire News Room. Retrieved 2017-12-15.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
to open CanalOlympia venues in Africa Vivendi". www.vivendi.com. Retrieved 2017-06-20.  ^ Lunden, Ingrid. " Vivendi
Vivendi
Buys 80% Of France's Dailymotion, Valuing The YouTube Rival At $295M". Retrieved 26 June 2016.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
Reportedly Raises Stake In Dailymotion
Dailymotion
To 90%". Retrieved 26 June 2016.  ^ History CGE-Vivendi- Veolia
Veolia
Environment 1853-1900 Archived 21 April 2013 at WebCite ^ a b c "The history of Veolia : 1950 - 2000". Veolia. Archived from the original on 29 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.  ^ History CGE-Vivendi- Veolia
Veolia
Environment 1950-2000 Archived 21 April 2013 at WebCite ^ "The history of Veolia : 2000 - 2010". Veolia. Archived from the original on 29 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.  ^ "Society of Academic Authors: Late October 2002 News". Archived from the original on 14 July 2003. Retrieved 12 July 2015. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) ^ "Kapitol acquires Scoot's Belgian and Dutch units". Europemedia. 5 December 2002.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
Voluntarily Delists from NYSE and Terminates ADR Program". Vivendi.com. Retrieved 4 March 2013.  ^ Video game
Video game
giants in $18bn merger - BBC ^ a b Guitar Hero meets Warcraft in Vivendi- Activision
Activision
deal - Reuters ^ Livesey, Ben (8 September 2009). " Vivendi
Vivendi
to Make Offer to Buy GVT (Holding) at BRL42 a Share". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 4 March 2013.  ^ "AFP: France's Vivendi
Vivendi
takes control of Brazil's GVT". Google.com. 13 November 2009. Retrieved 4 March 2013.  ^ David Goldman and Julianne Pepitone, CNNMoney.com staff writers (3 December 2009). ""GE, Comcast
Comcast
announce NBC Universal
NBC Universal
joint venture deal" David Goldman and Julianne Pepitone, CNNMoney.com (December 3, 2009)". Money.cnn.com. Retrieved 4 March 2013.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
SA Chief Executive Officer Gains Ownership of the Biggest Cash Cow - French Tribune". Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
to Purchase Vodafone
Vodafone
Stake in SFR
SFR
for 7.95 Billion Euros". Archived from the original on 7 April 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2015. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) ^ Sophie Sassard (22 July 2013). " Vivendi
Vivendi
to announce Maroc Telecom sale to Etisalat
Etisalat
- sources". Reuters.  ^ "Vivendi: résultats en très forte hausse". Le Figaro. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ Ruth Bender And Marion Halftermeyer (24 June 2014). " Vivendi
Vivendi
Boss Vows to Complete Media Makeover". WSJ. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ "New Vivendi
Vivendi
chair confirms content acquisition strategy". Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ MarketWatch. " Vivendi
Vivendi
to sell half of remaining Activision
Activision
stake". MarketWatch. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ "Bollore raises Vivendi
Vivendi
stake again as AGM battle looms" (Press release). Reuters. 2 April 2015.  ^ Ingrid Lunden. " Vivendi
Vivendi
Buys 80% Of France's Dailymotion, Valuing The YouTube Rival At $295M". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ Inti Landauro (7 April 2015). " Vivendi
Vivendi
Confirms Interest in Buying DailyMotion". WSJ. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ Rudy Ruitenberg (8 April 2015). " Vivendi
Vivendi
Plans Extra Payout in Compromise With Shareholder". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ "Exclusive: Vivendi
Vivendi
moves to raise Telecom Italia
Telecom Italia
stake to around 19 percent - sources". Reuters. 1 October 2015.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
CEO Tops Company's List to Lead Telecom Italia
Telecom Italia
Board". Bloomberg.com. 2017-04-09. Retrieved 2017-07-17.  ^ "Former Activision
Activision
Owner Vivendi
Vivendi
Buys Stakes in Ubisoft
Ubisoft
and Gameloft". GameSpot. 15 October 2015.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
Buys Majority Stake In Winamp, Shoutcast
Shoutcast
Owner Radionomy". Variety. Retrieved 18 December 2015.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
to Buy Remaining Control of Gameloft
Gameloft
as Guillemots Agree to Sell". GameSpot. Retrieved 22 June 2016.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
in process of mandatory takeover bid for Gameloft". GamesIndustry.biz. Retrieved 22 June 2016.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
Wins Majority Backing for Gameloft
Gameloft
Takeover as Content Strategy Becomes Clearer". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 22 June 2016.  ^ "Subscribe to read". ft.com. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 

External links[edit]

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History List of owned assets

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Vincent Bolloré Arnaud de Puyfontaine Pierre Rodocanachi

Universal Music
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Roc Nation

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Republic Records

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Universal Music
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Enterprises

Hip-O Records

Def Jam Recordings Show Dog-Universal Music Vevo

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Group

Motown
Motown
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Capitol Music
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Astralwerks Apple Records Blue Note Records Capitol Records Caroline Distribution Harvest Records mau5trap Motown Priority Records Virgin Records

Interscope Geffen A&M Records

A&M Records A&M Octone Records DGC Records Geffen Records Interscope Records

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Capitol Latin Disa Records Fonovisa Records Machete Music

UMG Nashville

MCA Nashville Mercury Nashville Records Lost Highway Records Capitol Records
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Nashville EMI Records Nashville

UM UK

Capitol UK Decca Records Island UK Polydor Records Virgin EMI Records

Verve Records

GRP Records Impulse! Records Verve Forecast Records

Film/TV units

Eagle Rock Entertainment PolyGram
PolyGram
Entertainment Universal Music
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Canal+
Canal+
Group

Canal+ Canalsat

Afrique Calédonie Caraïbes

D8 StudioCanal

UK

Other assets

Dailymotion
Dailymotion
(90%) Gameloft
Gameloft
(96.9%) Telecom Italia
Telecom Italia
(24.6%) Mediaset
Mediaset
(28.80%) Havas
Havas
Group (40%)

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(as of 4 October 2017)

Accor Air Liquide Airbus ArcelorMittal Atos AXA BNP Paribas Bouygues Capgemini Carrefour Crédit Agricole Danone Engie Essilor Kering L'Oréal LafargeHolcim Legrand LVMH Michelin Orange Pernod Ricard Peugeot Publicis Renault Safran Saint-Gobain Sanofi Schneider Electric Société Générale Sodexo Solvay STMicroelectronics TechnipFMC Total Unibail-Rodamco Valeo Veolia Vinci Vivendi

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Vivendi
Vivendi
SA (formerly Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal SA) is a French multinational mass media conglomerate headquartered in Paris. The company has activities in music, television, film, video games, telecommunications, tickets and video hosting service.

Contents

1 Activities

1.1 Television
Television
and film: Canal+
Canal+
Group 1.2 Video games: Ubisoft
Ubisoft
& Gameloft 1.3 Vivendi
Vivendi
Village 1.4 Video hosting service: Dailymotion

2 History

2.1 Origins 2.2 Creation of "Vivendi"

2.2.1 Vivendi
Vivendi
Environnement

2.3 Corporate loss 2.4 Further acquisitions, mergers and divestments

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Activities[edit] Main article: List of assets owned by Vivendi Vivendi
Vivendi
is a company primarily focused on digital entertainment. It owns the French TV channel and movie producer Canal+
Canal+
Group, as well as music world leader Universal Music
Music
Group. On 25 July 2013, Vivendi asset Activision Blizzard
Activision Blizzard
announced the purchase of 429 million shares from Vivendi
Vivendi
for $5.83 billion, dropping the shareholder from a 63% stake to 11.8% by the end of the deal in September, ending Vivendi's majority ownership of Activision
Activision
Blizzard. In 2014, Vivendi
Vivendi
decided to sell mobile companies SFR
SFR
(France) to Patrick Drahi's company, Altice,[6] and GVT (Brazil) to the Brazilian company Telefônica Vivo.[7] In November 2013, it signed the definitive agreement to sell its majority and controlling stake in Maroc Telecom
Maroc Telecom
(Morocco) to Etisalat
Etisalat
based in Abu Dhabi.[8] Vivendi's president Vincent Bolloré, appointed in June 2014, wants to continue resolutely on the chosen path and aims at developing synergies between the company's subsidiaries now refocused on media: Canal+
Canal+
Group, Universal Music
Music
Group, Vivendi
Vivendi
Village, Dailymotion, Gameloft
Gameloft
and Telecom Italia.[9] Television
Television
and film: Canal+
Canal+
Group[edit] Canal+ Group
Canal+ Group
is the leading pay television group in France. It is also an international movie and television series producer and distributor with StudioCanal.[10] In November 2013, Vivendi
Vivendi
became the exclusive owner of France's biggest pay-TV company.[11] Video games: Ubisoft
Ubisoft
& Gameloft[edit] Vivendi
Vivendi
(once the owner of Blizzard, later Activision
Activision
Blizzard),[12] searching for a new games publisher property has started investing in both Ubisoft
Ubisoft
and Gameloft.[13] The brothers in charge of Ubisoft
Ubisoft
and Gameloft, Yves Guillemot and Michel Guillemot[14] respectively, view the investments as a hostile takeover attempt,[15][16] and are raising capital from within the family[17] and from Canadian investors[18] to maintain control of the companies. As of 8 June 2016, Vivendi
Vivendi
has acquired a controlling stake in Gameloft. In news from 11 September 2016 Yves Guillemot is set to buy an additional 3.5% of Ubisoft
Ubisoft
shares to raise his stake to 12.5% to attempt to block a takeover from Vivendi. Yves has been attempting to lobby other shareholders to prevent them selling their shares to Vivendi.[19] As of 20th of March 2018, Vivendi
Vivendi
has sold all its shares in Ubisoft
Ubisoft
and Tencent
Tencent
has bought in in their place.[20] Vivendi
Vivendi
Village[edit] Vivendi
Vivendi
Village comprises a group of small companies active in digital and in live entertainment.[21] Vivendi
Vivendi
Ticketing comprises the ticketing businesses See Tickets
See Tickets
in the UK and the US, as well as Digitick Group in France. Both businesses specialize in the retail and distribution of tickets for live entertainment, sport and cultural events, in addition to providing operating platforms for venues to run their own ticketing services. Vivendi
Vivendi
Ticketing processes annually over 40 million tickets. The business also operates as an internal service provider to other Vivendi
Vivendi
businesses notably Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
where tickets are sold for and on behalf of the group's artists.[citation needed] MyBestPro provides experts counseling in different fields (Wengo, RDVmedicaux, Juritravail, Bordas, Devispresto). Watchever is a subscription video-on-demand service available in Germany.[22][23] Vivendi
Vivendi
Village also owns the Paris-based concert venue L'Olympia.[24] In 2015, Vivendi
Vivendi
announced that it will open ten live-performance venues in central and west Africa. These venues will be named CanalOlympia, they will serve as concert halls, theaters and screening rooms.[25] Video hosting service: Dailymotion[edit] In 2015, Vivendi
Vivendi
purchased an 80% stake in Dailymotion
Dailymotion
from its previous owner, Orange S.A.[26] Vivendi
Vivendi
announced that it increased this stake to 90% in September 2015.[27] History[edit] Origins[edit]

Original Vivendi
Vivendi
logo

On 14 December 1853, a water company named Compagnie Générale des Eaux (CGE) was created by an imperial decree of Napoleon III.[1] In 1854, CGE obtained a concession in order to supply water to the public in Lyon, serving in that capacity for over a hundred years. In 1861, it obtained a 50-year concession with the City of Paris.[28] CGE also supplied water to Nantes, Venice
Venice
(from 1880), Constantinople (from 1882) and Porto
Porto
(from 1883).[1] For more than a century, Compagnie Générale des Eaux remained largely focused on the water sector. Following the appointment of Guy Dejouany as CEO in 1976, CGE extended its activities into other sectors with a series of takeovers.[1] Beginning in 1980, CGE began diversifying its operations from water into waste management, energy, transport services, and construction and property. It acquired the Compagnie Générale d'Entreprises Automobiles (CGEA), specialized in industrial vehicles, which was later divided into two branches: Connex (later Veolia
Veolia
Transport) in 1999 and Onyx Environnement (later Veolia
Veolia
Environmental Services) in 1989.[29] CGE then acquired the Compagnie Générale de Chauffe, and later the Montenay group, with these companies later becoming the Energy Services division of CGE, and later renamed "Dalkia" in 1998.[29] In 1983, CGE helped to found Canal+, the first pay-TV channel in France, and in the 1990s, they began expanding into telecommunications and mass media, especially after Jean-Marie Messier succeeded Guy Dejouany on 27 June 1996. In 1996, CGE created Neuf Cegetel
Neuf Cegetel
to take advantage of the 1998 deregulation of the French telecommunications market, accelerating the move into the media sector which would culminate in the 2000 demerger into Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal and Vivendi Environnement (Veolia).[30] Creation of "Vivendi"[edit]

Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal logo from 2000 to 2006

In 1998, Compagnie Générale des Eaux changed its name to Vivendi, and sold off its property and construction divisions the following year to what would become Vinci SA. Vivendi
Vivendi
went on to acquire stakes in or merge with Maroc Telecom, Havas, Cendant Software, Grupo Anaya, and NetHold, a large Continental European pay-TV operator. Beginning in 1998, Vivendi
Vivendi
launched digital channels in Italy, Spain, Poland, Scandinavia, Belgium, and the Netherlands. In June 1999, Vivendi
Vivendi
merged with Pathé, the exchange ratio for the merger fixed at three Vivendi
Vivendi
shares for every two Pathé
Pathé
shares. The Wall Street Journal estimated the value of the deal at US$2.59 billion. Following the completion of the merger, Vivendi
Vivendi
retained Pathé's interests in British Sky Broadcasting Group PLC
British Sky Broadcasting Group PLC
and CanalSatellite, a French broadcasting corporation, then sold all remaining assets to Jérôme Seydoux's family-owned holding company, Fornier SA, who changed its name to Pathé. Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal SA was created on 8 December 2000 with the merger of the Vivendi
Vivendi
media empire with Canal+
Canal+
television networks and the acquisition of media assets of Canadian company Seagram
Seagram
Company Ltd, owner of Universal Studios. Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal acquired MP3.com
MP3.com
and a leading American publisher, Houghton Mifflin
Houghton Mifflin
in year 2001. Vivendi
Vivendi
Environnement[edit] Main article: Veolia Vivendi Environnement
Vivendi Environnement
was formed in 1999 by Vivendi
Vivendi
to consolidate its environmental divisions, which were CGEA Transport, Onyx Environnement (now Veolia
Veolia
Environmental Services), Dalkia
Dalkia
and CGE water division. As a result, CGEA Transport was renamed Connex (later Veolia
Veolia
Transport), and CGE's water division was renamed Vivendi
Vivendi
Water (now Veolia Water).[29] In July 2000, Vivendi Environnement
Vivendi Environnement
was divested through IPOs in Paris
Paris
and later New York in October 2001). Initially, Vivendi Universal retained a 70% stake in Vivendi Environnement
Vivendi Environnement
in 2000, but by December 2002, it was reduced to 20.4%.[31] In 2003, Vivendi Environnement was renamed to Veolia
Veolia
Environnement. Corporate loss[edit] Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal disclosed a corporate loss of €23.3 billion in its 2002 annual report. It responded with financial reshuffling, trying to shore up media holdings while selling off shares in its spin-off companies. Amid intense media scrutiny, its chairman and CEO, Jean-Marie Messier (who had overseen the most dramatic phase of the company's diversification), was subsequently replaced by Jean-René Fourtou. Messier was found guilty of embezzlement in 2011, but not before he was paid over US$20 million as part of his severance package. The company reduced its stake in Vivendi Environnement
Vivendi Environnement
to 40% and sold its stake in Vinci SA. The company then began reorganizing to stave off bankruptcy, announcing a strategy to sell non-strategic assets. Its largest single shareholder was the family of Edgar Bronfman Jr., who was head of Seagram
Seagram
at the time of the merger. Vivendi
Vivendi
sold its stake in Vizzavi to Vodafone, with the exception of Vizzavi France. It also sold 20.4% of Vivendi
Vivendi
Environnement's capital to a group of investors, and its stake in North American satellite operator EchoStar Communications Corporation. It also sold Houghton Mifflin to Thomas H Lee, Blackstone and Bain consortium for US$1.66 billion.[32] Also in 2002, Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal sold the Belgian and Dutch activities of its subsidiary Scoot Europe to Kapitol, the parent company of online directory Infobel.[33] In 2003, Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal sold Canal+
Canal+
Technologies to Thomson SA; Tele+ to News Corporation
News Corporation
and Telecom Italia. It also sold its 26.3% interest in Xfera. On 1 December, Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal closed a deal to sell MP3.com
MP3.com
to CNET. Despite predictions that it would be unable to raise the cash needed, Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal bought out one of the two minority shareholders in Cegetel, taking its holding to 60 percent, with Vodafone
Vodafone
holding the remaining 40 percent. Management viewed the mobile communications firm as a core asset once the bulk of media assets had been sold off. Further acquisitions, mergers and divestments[edit] In 2004, 80% of the Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal branch was sold to GE, to form NBC Universal, with Vivendi
Vivendi
retaining a 20 percent stake. At the same time, it sold a 50% stake in Canal+
Canal+
and StudioCanal
StudioCanal
to the new company. Vivendi
Vivendi
also sold its interests in Kencell (re-branded Celtel, Kenya), Monaco Telecom
Monaco Telecom
and Sportfive
Sportfive
(which it held through Canal+
Canal+
Group), and sold Newsworld International to the business partnership of Joel Hyatt
Joel Hyatt
and former Vice-President of the United States Al Gore. On 16 December 2005, it was announced that Canal Plus
Canal Plus
would merge with TPS, France's second largest Pay-TV provider. If the €5 billion (US$5.9 billion; £3.4 bn) tie-up is approved, VU will own 85% of the combined entity[needs update]. On 17 January 2006, Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal announced it would end its American Depositary Receipt
American Depositary Receipt
program and its listing on the New York Stock Exchange by the end of the second quarter of 2006, due to lowered trading volume on its shares and high costs.[34] On 20 April 2006, Vivendi
Vivendi
in its current form came into existence, following the sale of an 80% stake in the Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal unit to General Electric
General Electric
to form NBC Universal
NBC Universal
(merging GE's NBC unit and Vivendi's Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal unit) and the gradual recovery of the company from its disastrous over-expansion in the late 1990s and the early 2000s. The company announced that shareholders had approved the name change to "Vivendi". In August 2006, Vivendi
Vivendi
signed a deal with Spiralfrog
Spiralfrog
to distribute Vivendi's songs online in the United States and Canada. On 8 September, the company announced that Sierra Entertainment, a division of its Vivendi Games
Vivendi Games
group, would be publishing the new game for Double Fine Productions, later revealed to be Brütal Legend. On 2 December 2007, Vivendi
Vivendi
announced that it would be merging its Vivendi Games
Vivendi Games
unit with Activision
Activision
in a $18.8 billion deal.[35][36] This will allow the merged company, Activision
Activision
Blizzard, to rival Electronic Arts, the world's biggest video games publisher.[36] The merger closed on 9 July 2008, for $9.8 billion. Vivendi
Vivendi
held a 52% majority stake in the new business. On 8 September 2009, Vivendi
Vivendi
announced negotiations to buy the Brazilian phone operator Global Village Telecom
Global Village Telecom
(GVT).[37] Vivendi took control of GVT at a cost of 56 reais per share, on 13 November, trumping Telefónica's bid.[38] On 3 December 2009, GE announced it would purchase Vivendi's stake in NBC Universal, which would become a joint venture between GE and Comcast.[39] Vivendi
Vivendi
sold its stake in NBC Universal
NBC Universal
on 25 January 2011. On 4 April 2011, Vodafone
Vodafone
sold its 44% stake in mobile service provider SFR
SFR
to Vivendi
Vivendi
for about $11 billion[40] and giving Vivendi full control of its largest unit.[41] In 2012, Vivendi
Vivendi
announced having entered a strategic review of its assets and decided to refocus its activities on media and content activities while maximizing its telecoms assets. In October 2013, as a result of its strategic review, it sold the majority of its interest in Activision
Activision
Blizzard, keeping a 12% stake in the games company. In November 2013, Vivendi
Vivendi
also sold its 53% stake in Maroc Telecom
Maroc Telecom
to Dubai-based Etisalat
Etisalat
for around $4.2 billion.[42] Vivendi
Vivendi
also confirmed in November 2013 its intention to launch a demerger plan which would result in Vivendi
Vivendi
becoming an international media group consisting primarily of Canal+, Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
and GVT, while SFR
SFR
would be listed separately on the stock market. As a result of the foregoing, Vivendi
Vivendi
group results for the first semester 2014 are in a strong growth, witnessing the success of its repositioning strategy. Net income
Net income
was up 84,8% to €1.9 billion.[43] In August 2014 Vivendi
Vivendi
sells GVT to Telefônica Vivo, a subsidiary of Telefónica
Telefónica
in Brazil. The moves have allowed Vivendi
Vivendi
to rapidly pay down debt and increase cash returns to shareholders while leaving it with ammunition to do acquisitions of its own. Indeed, once the SFR
SFR
deal closes, Vivendi will have a cash pile of around €5 billion, leaving it with some room to maneuver even after it pays down debt and returns nearly €5 billion in dividends and share buybacks to shareholders.[44] Vivendi's priority is now content. The French group is expected to expand its assets in the content industries in the coming year.[45] On 28 May 2014, Vivendi
Vivendi
sold half of its remaining shares (nearly 41.5 million shares) in Activision Blizzard
Activision Blizzard
for $850 million, reducing its stake to 6%.[46] In April 2015, it was announced that a shareholder in the company Bolloré
Bolloré
raised its stake from 10.2 percent to 12.01 percent for a total fee of €568 million.[47] In 2015, Vivendi
Vivendi
bought 80% share in Dailymotion.[48] According to the Wall Street Journal, the "French media group offered around $273 million for streaming service".[49] Vivendi
Vivendi
was in talks with Orange, to Buy 80% stake in Dailymotion. Also, Vivendi
Vivendi
announced extra payouts in compromise with P. Schoenfeld Asset
Asset
Management shareholder.[50] It was revealed in October 2015 that Vivendi
Vivendi
would increase its stake in Telecom Italia
Telecom Italia
to around 19% of the ordinary share capital as part of its aims to increase its influence in the group.[51][52] In October 2015, Vivendi
Vivendi
bought minority stakes in the French video game studios Gameloft
Gameloft
and Ubisoft.[53] On 17 December 2015, Vivendi acquired a 64.4% majority stake in Belgian online radio aggregator Radionomy
Radionomy
(including its media player platform Winamp
Winamp
and internet radio streaming software Shoutcast). Its shareholders, including its employees and U.S.-based investment firm Union Square Ventures, however, retained their stakes in the company.[54] In June 2016, after having triggered a mandatory tender offer in February 2016 by reaching 30% ownership, and then becoming its largest shareholder, Vivendi
Vivendi
completed a hostile takeover of Gameloft
Gameloft
with the acquisition of its founders' stake. At the same time, Vivendi
Vivendi
also further increased its stake in Ubisoft, which has led to concern from the company's management that Vivendi
Vivendi
was also planning a hostile takeover of Ubisoft.[55][56][57] In an auction on 6 June, Vivendi
Vivendi
won a bid to acquire Flavorus from SFX Entertainment
SFX Entertainment
for $4 million.[4] Also that month, it acquired Paddington and Company Limited-owner of Paddington Bear
Paddington Bear
and other properties, and The Copyrights Group. Vivendi
Vivendi
declared that it owned 12.3% of Mediaset
Mediaset
on December 2016.[58] See also[edit]

Companies portal

List of French companies

References[edit]

^ a b c d "The group's origins". Vivendi. Retrieved 12 March 2017.  ^ a b c d e f "Financial Report and Audited Consolidated Financial Statements for the Year Ended December 31, 2016" (PDF). Vivendi. February 23, 2017. Retrieved 27 May 2017.  ^ https://variety.com/2017/biz/global/vivendis-2016-results-canal-plus-universal-music-1201994854/ ^ a b Gleason, Stephanie. " Vivendi
Vivendi
unit wins auction for SFX's Flavorus". MarketWatch. Retrieved 2 July 2016.  ^ Kostov, Nick. " Vivendi
Vivendi
names Stephane Roussel CEO of Gameloft". MarketWatch. Retrieved 2 July 2016.  ^ "Numericable wins battle for Vivendi's SFR". Reuters UK. 5 April 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
cède GVT mais ne sort pas des télécoms". lesechos.fr. 21 September 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ "WSJ Portfolio". Archived from the original on 26 May 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ "La stratégie de Bolloré : créer des synergies au sein du nouveau Vivendi". La Tribune. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ Regan, James (13 February 2013). "Vivendi, Lagardere in legal spat over Canal+". Reuters. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ Marie Mawad (29 October 2013). " Vivendi
Vivendi
Buys Out TV Division From Lagardere for $1.4 Billion". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ PhilSerafino, Phil Serafino. " Vivendi
Vivendi
Sells Its Activision
Activision
Stake, Netting $1.1 Billion". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 22 March 2016.  ^ Marie_a_Paris, Marie Mawad. "Ubisoft, Gameloft
Gameloft
Shares Surge After Vivendi
Vivendi
Acquires Stakes". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 22 March 2016.  ^ " Gameloft
Gameloft
Corporate". www.gameloft.com. Retrieved 22 March 2016.  ^ "VIvendi acquires Ubisoft". seekingalpha.com. Archived from the original on 2017-06-09.  ^ Marie_a_Paris, Marie Mawad. " Gameloft
Gameloft
Shares Surge on Vivendi's Hostile Takeover Offer". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 22 March 2016.  ^ "Guillemot family ups stake in Gameloft
Gameloft
to fend off 'takeover'". Business Insider. Retrieved 22 March 2016.  ^ " Ubisoft
Ubisoft
Hunts For Canadian Investors To Fight Off Vivendi". Fortune. Retrieved 22 March 2016.  ^ "OC3D :: News :: Ubisoft's founder buys another 3.5% of the company :: The Guillemont family is attempting to prevent a takeover attempt from Vivendi". www.overclock3d.net. Retrieved 11 September 2016.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
sells off Ubisoft
Ubisoft
holdings, Tencent
Tencent
buys in". pcgamer. Retrieved 2018-03-20.  ^ "Lucien Boyer Appointed Chief Marketing Officer at Vivendi
Vivendi
Village". Retrieved 26 June 2016.  ^ "WATCHEVER: Subscription Video-on-Demand in Germany Vivendi". www.vivendi.com. Retrieved 2017-06-20.  ^ Dziadul, Chris (2015-09-30). " Vivendi
Vivendi
relaunches German SVOD service Watchever". Broadband TV News. Retrieved 2017-06-20.  ^ Bollore. "BOLLORE : Vivendi
Vivendi
acquires the Bollore Group's majority stake in Havas". GlobeNewswire News Room. Retrieved 2017-12-15.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
to open CanalOlympia venues in Africa Vivendi". www.vivendi.com. Retrieved 2017-06-20.  ^ Lunden, Ingrid. " Vivendi
Vivendi
Buys 80% Of France's Dailymotion, Valuing The YouTube Rival At $295M". Retrieved 26 June 2016.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
Reportedly Raises Stake In Dailymotion
Dailymotion
To 90%". Retrieved 26 June 2016.  ^ History CGE-Vivendi- Veolia
Veolia
Environment 1853-1900 Archived 21 April 2013 at WebCite ^ a b c "The history of Veolia : 1950 - 2000". Veolia. Archived from the original on 29 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.  ^ History CGE-Vivendi- Veolia
Veolia
Environment 1950-2000 Archived 21 April 2013 at WebCite ^ "The history of Veolia : 2000 - 2010". Veolia. Archived from the original on 29 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.  ^ "Society of Academic Authors: Late October 2002 News". Archived from the original on 14 July 2003. Retrieved 12 July 2015. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) ^ "Kapitol acquires Scoot's Belgian and Dutch units". Europemedia. 5 December 2002.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
Voluntarily Delists from NYSE and Terminates ADR Program". Vivendi.com. Retrieved 4 March 2013.  ^ Video game
Video game
giants in $18bn merger - BBC ^ a b Guitar Hero meets Warcraft in Vivendi- Activision
Activision
deal - Reuters ^ Livesey, Ben (8 September 2009). " Vivendi
Vivendi
to Make Offer to Buy GVT (Holding) at BRL42 a Share". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 4 March 2013.  ^ "AFP: France's Vivendi
Vivendi
takes control of Brazil's GVT". Google.com. 13 November 2009. Retrieved 4 March 2013.  ^ David Goldman and Julianne Pepitone, CNNMoney.com staff writers (3 December 2009). ""GE, Comcast
Comcast
announce NBC Universal
NBC Universal
joint venture deal" David Goldman and Julianne Pepitone, CNNMoney.com (December 3, 2009)". Money.cnn.com. Retrieved 4 March 2013.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
SA Chief Executive Officer Gains Ownership of the Biggest Cash Cow - French Tribune". Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
to Purchase Vodafone
Vodafone
Stake in SFR
SFR
for 7.95 Billion Euros". Archived from the original on 7 April 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2015. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) ^ Sophie Sassard (22 July 2013). " Vivendi
Vivendi
to announce Maroc Telecom sale to Etisalat
Etisalat
- sources". Reuters.  ^ "Vivendi: résultats en très forte hausse". Le Figaro. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ Ruth Bender And Marion Halftermeyer (24 June 2014). " Vivendi
Vivendi
Boss Vows to Complete Media Makeover". WSJ. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ "New Vivendi
Vivendi
chair confirms content acquisition strategy". Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ MarketWatch. " Vivendi
Vivendi
to sell half of remaining Activision
Activision
stake". MarketWatch. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ "Bollore raises Vivendi
Vivendi
stake again as AGM battle looms" (Press release). Reuters. 2 April 2015.  ^ Ingrid Lunden. " Vivendi
Vivendi
Buys 80% Of France's Dailymotion, Valuing The YouTube Rival At $295M". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ Inti Landauro (7 April 2015). " Vivendi
Vivendi
Confirms Interest in Buying DailyMotion". WSJ. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ Rudy Ruitenberg (8 April 2015). " Vivendi
Vivendi
Plans Extra Payout in Compromise With Shareholder". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ "Exclusive: Vivendi
Vivendi
moves to raise Telecom Italia
Telecom Italia
stake to around 19 percent - sources". Reuters. 1 October 2015.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
CEO Tops Company's List to Lead Telecom Italia
Telecom Italia
Board". Bloomberg.com. 2017-04-09. Retrieved 2017-07-17.  ^ "Former Activision
Activision
Owner Vivendi
Vivendi
Buys Stakes in Ubisoft
Ubisoft
and Gameloft". GameSpot. 15 October 2015.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
Buys Majority Stake In Winamp, Shoutcast
Shoutcast
Owner Radionomy". Variety. Retrieved 18 December 2015.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
to Buy Remaining Control of Gameloft
Gameloft
as Guillemots Agree to Sell". GameSpot. Retrieved 22 June 2016.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
in process of mandatory takeover bid for Gameloft". GamesIndustry.biz. Retrieved 22 June 2016.  ^ " Vivendi
Vivendi
Wins Majority Backing for Gameloft
Gameloft
Takeover as Content Strategy Becomes Clearer". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 22 June 2016.  ^ "Subscribe to read". ft.com. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 

External links[edit]

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A&M Records A&M Octone Records DGC Records Geffen Records Interscope Records

UM Latin Entertainment

Capitol Latin Disa Records Fonovisa Records Machete Music

UMG Nashville

MCA Nashville Mercury Nashville Records Lost Highway Records Capitol Records
Capitol Records
Nashville EMI Records Nashville

UM UK

Capitol UK Decca Records Island UK Polydor Records Virgin EMI Records

Verve Records

GRP Records Impulse! Records Verve Forecast Records

Film/TV units

Eagle Rock Entertainment PolyGram
PolyGram
Entertainment Universal Music
Music
TV

Canal+
Canal+
Group

Canal+ Canalsat

Afrique Calédonie Caraïbes

D8 StudioCanal

UK

Other assets

Dailymotion
Dailymotion
(90%) Gameloft
Gameloft
(96.9%) Telecom Italia
Telecom Italia
(24.6%) Mediaset
Mediaset
(28.80%) Havas
Havas
Group (40%)

v t e

CAC 40
CAC 40
companies of France
France
(as of 4 October 2017)

Accor Air Liquide Airbus ArcelorMittal Atos AXA BNP Paribas Bouygues Capgemini Carrefour Crédit Agricole Danone Engie Essilor Kering L'Oréal LafargeHolcim Legrand LVMH Michelin Orange Pernod Ricard Peugeot Publicis Renault Safran Saint-Gobain Sanofi Schneider Electric Société Générale Sodexo Solvay STMicroelectronics TechnipFMC Total Unibail-Rodamco Valeo Veolia Vinci Vivendi

v t e

Euro
Euro
Stoxx 50 companies of the Euro
Euro
Area

Last updated October 2015

Air Liquide Airbus Allianz Anheuser-Busch InBev ASML Holding Assicurazioni Generali AXA Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria Banco Santander BASF Bayer BMW BNP Paribas Carrefour Saint-Gobain Daimler AG Deutsche Bank Deutsche Post Deutsche Telekom Enel Engie
Engie
SA Eni E.ON Essilor
Essilor
International Fresenius SE Groupe Danone Iberdrola Inditex ING Group NV Intesa Sanpaolo L'Oréal LVMH
LVMH
Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton Münchener Rückversicherungs-Gesellschaft Nokia Orange S.A. Philips Electronics SAFRAN Sanofi SAP SE Schneider Electric Siemens Société Générale
Société Générale
SA Telefónica Total S.A. Unibail-Rodamco UniCredit Unilever Vinci SA Vivendi Volkswagen Group

v t e

Major telecommunications companies

Companies with an annual revenue of over US$10 billion

América Móvil AT&T Bell Canada Bezeq Bharti Airtel Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited BT Group CenturyLink China Mobile China Telecommunications Corporation

China Telecom

China Unicom Chunghwa Telecom Comcast Deutsche Telekom Digicel FLOW Hutchison Asia Idea Cellular Jio KDDI KPN KT Corporation Mahanagar Telephone Nigam MTN MTS Nippon NTT DoCoMo Oi Orange S.A. PCCW Reliance Rogers Shaw Singtel SK Telecom SoftBank Mobile Spark Sprint Corporation Swisscom Tata Teleservices Telecom Italia Telefónica Telenor Telus Telmex Telstra TPG Trilogy International Partners True Türk Telekom VEON Verizon Viettel Vivendi Vodafone

See also Largest IT companies List of mobile network operators List of telephone operating companies Category:Telecommun

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