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The COMMUNITY OF SAHEL-SAHARAN STATES (CEN-SAD; Arabic : تجمع دول الساحل والصحراء; French : Communauté des Etats Sahélo-Sahariens; Portuguese : Comunidade dos Estados Sahelo-Saarianos) aims to create a free trade area within Africa. There are questions with regard to whether its level of economic integration qualifies it under the Enabling clause .

CONTENTS

* 1 Establishment * 2 2007 summit * 3 January 2013 meeting * 4 CEN-SAD Games * 5 List of members * 6 References * 7 External links

ESTABLISHMENT

CEN-SAD was established in February 1998 by six countries, but since then its membership has grown to 27. One of its main goals is to achieve economic unity through the implementation of the free movement of people and goods in order to make the area occupied by member states a free trade area . At the international level, CEN-SAD gained observer status at the UN General Assembly
UN General Assembly
in 2001 and concluded association and cooperation accords with the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and with UN specialized agencies and institutions such as UNDP
UNDP
, WHO
WHO
, UNESCO
UNESCO
, FAO , and the Permanent Interstate Committee for drought control in the Sahel .

All CEN-SAD member countries are also participating in other African economic unions, that have the aim to create a common African Economic Community . The envisioned Free Trade Area of CEN-SAD would be hard to practically implement, because it is overlapping with the envisioned customs unions of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), ECCAS and COMESA and other trade blocs more advanced in their integration.

2007 SUMMIT

The African leaders sought to reconcile differences between neighbours Chad
Chad
and Sudan
Sudan
over the Darfur conflict
Darfur conflict
and boost Somalia 's embattled Transitional Federal Government at a regional summit in Libya
Libya
on June 3, 2007.

JANUARY 2013 MEETING

In January 2013, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States
Community of Sahel-Saharan States
will meet in N’djamena, Chad. A commentator said " Morocco
Morocco
will likely continue its steps to take command of the organization".

CEN-SAD GAMES

Parts of this article (those related to pre-2010 deadlines) need to be UPDATED. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (November 2010)

Beginning in 2009, CEN-SAD member states will take part in planned periodic international sporting and cultural festivals, known as the Community of Sahel-Saharan States
Community of Sahel-Saharan States
Games (Jeux de la Communauté des Etats Sahélo-Sahariens). The first CEN-SAD Games were held in Niamey , Niger
Niger
from 4–14 February 2009. Thirteen nations competed in Under-20 sports (athletics, basketball, judo, football, handball, table tennis and traditional wrestling) and six fields of cultural competition (song, traditional creation and inspiration dancing, painting, sculpture and photography). The second CEN-SAD Games was scheduled to take place in the Chadian capitol of N’Djamena in February 2011.

LIST OF MEMBERS

FOUNDING MEMBERS (1998)

* Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso
* Chad
Chad
* Libya
Libya
* Mali
Mali
* Niger
Niger
* Sudan
Sudan

SUBSEQUENT MEMBERS

* 1999 Central African Republic
Central African Republic
* 1999 Eritrea
Eritrea
* 2000 Djibouti
Djibouti
* 2000 Gambia * 2000 Senegal
Senegal
* 2001 Egypt
Egypt
* 2001 Morocco
Morocco
* 2001 Nigeria
Nigeria
* 2001 Somalia
Somalia
* 2001 Tunisia
Tunisia
* 2002 Benin
Benin

* 2002 Togo
Togo
* 2004 Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast
* 2004 Guinea-Bissau * 2004 Liberia
Liberia
* 2005 Ghana
Ghana
* 2005 Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
* 2007 Comoros
Comoros
* 2007 Guinea
Guinea
* 2008 Kenya
Kenya
* 2008 São Tomé and Príncipe * 2008 Mauritania
Mauritania

REFERENCES

* ^ A B Nickels, Benjamin P. (January 3, 2013). "Morocco’s Engagement with the Sahel Community". SADA. Retrieved 3 January 2013. * ^ La première édition des Jeux de la CEN-SAD en février 2009 au Niger, APANEWS, 17 June 2008. * ^ Maiden CEN-SAD Games ends in glory in Niamey
Niamey
. APA News. 2009-02-15. * ^ A B C D E "CEN-SAD celebrates 13th anniversary". Panapress. 4 February 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2012.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* CEN-SAD website