The Info List - Community Of Sahel-Saharan States

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The Community of Sahel-Saharan States
Community of Sahel-Saharan States
(CEN-SAD; Arabic: تجمع دول الساحل والصحراء; French: Communauté des Etats Sahélo-Sahariens; Portuguese: Comunidade dos Estados Sahelo-Saarianos) aims to create a free trade area within Africa. There are questions with regard to whether its level of economic integration qualifies it under the Enabling clause.


1 Establishment 2 2005 summit 3 2007 summit 4 2008 summit 5 2013 summit 6 CEN-SAD Games 7 List of members 8 References 9 External links

Establishment[edit] CEN-SAD was established in February 1998 by six countries, but since then its membership has grown to 29. One of its main goals is to achieve economic unity through the implementation of the free movement of people and goods in order to make the area occupied by member states a free trade area. At the international level, CEN-SAD gained observer status at the UN General Assembly
UN General Assembly
in 2001 and concluded association and cooperation accords with the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and with UN specialized agencies and institutions such as UNDP, WHO, UNESCO, FAO, and the Permanent Interstate Committee for drought control in the Sahel. All CEN-SAD member countries are also participating in other African economic unions, that have the aim to create a common African Economic Community. The envisioned Free Trade Area of CEN-SAD would be hard to practically implement, because it is overlapping with the envisioned customs unions of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), ECCAS
and other trade blocs more advanced in their integration. 2005 summit[edit] At the summit of 1-2 June 2005 in Ouagadougou
(Burkina Faso), the heads of state decided to create a "high authority for water, agriculture and seeds" in order to allow member countries to develop their agriculture through better control of water resources and seed selection. On the other hand, the summit to decide to study the construction of a railway line connecting Libya, Chad, Niger, with ramps to Burkina Faso, Mali
and Senegal, to facilitate exchanges and to open up the Cen-Sad space. Blaise Compaoré, president of Burkina Faso, succeeded Malian President Amadou Toumani Toure
Amadou Toumani Toure
as current president of Cen-Sad. 2007 summit[edit] The African leaders sought to reconcile differences between neighbours Chad
and Sudan
over the Darfur conflict
Darfur conflict
and boost Somalia's embattled Transitional Federal Government
Transitional Federal Government
at a regional summit in Libya
on June 3, 2007.[1] 2008 summit[edit] The 10th Summit of Heads of State of the Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) met on June 28, 2008 in Cotonou
on June 18. Its theme was Rural Development and Food Security in the CEN-SAD area. Beninese President Yayi Boni has been elected current President of CEN-SAD for a one-year term.[2] 2013 summit[edit] In January 2013, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States
Community of Sahel-Saharan States
will meet in N'Djamena, Chad. A commentator said " Morocco
will likely continue its steps to take command of the organization".[3] CEN-SAD Games[edit]

Parts of this article (those related to pre-2010 deadlines) need to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (November 2010)

Beginning in 2009, CEN-SAD member states will take part in planned periodic international sporting and cultural festivals, known as the Community of Sahel-Saharan States
Community of Sahel-Saharan States
Games (Jeux de la Communauté des Etats Sahélo-Sahariens).[4] The first CEN-SAD Games were held in Niamey, Niger
from 4–14 February 2009. Thirteen nations competed in Under-20 sports (athletics, basketball, judo, football, handball, table tennis and traditional wrestling) and six fields of cultural competition (song, traditional creation and inspiration dancing, painting, sculpture and photography). The second CEN-SAD Games was scheduled to take place in the Chadian capitol of N’Djamena
in February 2011.[5] List of members[edit] Founding members (1998)

 Burkina Faso  Chad  Libya  Mali  Niger  Sudan

Subsequent members

1999  Central African Republic 1999  Eritrea 2000  Djibouti 2000  Gambia 2000  Senegal 2001  Egypt 2001  Morocco 2001  Nigeria 2001  Somalia 2001  Tunisia 2002  Benin 2002  Togo

2004  Ivory Coast 2004  Guinea-Bissau 2004  Liberia 2005  Ghana 2005  Sierra Leone 2007  Comoros[6] 2007  Guinea[6] 2008  Kenya[6] 2008  São Tomé and Príncipe[6] 2008  Mauritania[6] 2009  Cape Verde[7]


^ https://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20070603/wl_africa_afp/censadsummit;_ylt=A9G_RyW9HmNG7YMAMhhvaA8F ^ Bénin : Yayi Boni élu président en exercice de la CEN-SAD, Pana, 18 juin 2008 ^ Nickels, Benjamin P. (January 3, 2013). "Morocco's Engagement with the Sahel Community". SADA. Retrieved 3 January 2013.  ^ La première édition des Jeux de la CEN-SAD en février 2009 au Niger.[permanent dead link] APANEWS, 17 June 2008. ^ Maiden CEN-SAD Games ends in glory in Niamey. [permanent dead link] APA News. 2009-02-15. ^ a b c d e "CEN-SAD celebrates 13th anniversary". Panapress. 4 February 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2012.  ^ " Cape Verde
Cape Verde
becomes CEN-SAD's 29th member country". www.panapress.com. 

External links[edit]

CEN-SAD website CEN-SAD at the African Union
African Union

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Community of Sahel-Saharan States
Community of Sahel-Saharan States

Burkina Faso Chad Libya Mali Niger Sudan Central African Republic Eritrea Djibouti Gambia Senegal Egypt Morocco Nigeria Somalia Tunisia Benin Togo Ivory Coast Guinea-Bissau Liberia Ghana Sierra Leone Comoros Guinea Kenya Mauritania São Tomé and Pr